Results for 'S. Wirth'

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  1. Schelling's Practice of the Wild: Time, Art, Imagination.Jason M. Wirth - 2015 - State University of New York Press.
    _Reconsiders the contemporary relevance of Schelling’s radical philosophical and religious ecology._.
     
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  2.  97
    Schelling’s Contemporary Resurgence: The Dawn After the Night When All Cows Were Black.Jason Wirth - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (9):585-598.
    After a long period of neglect that began in his lifetime, why has Schelling reemerged as an important philosopher, germane to contemporary concerns? In the first part of this essay I offer a brief history of Schelling’s early descent into obscurity and gradual ascent back into the light of philosophical relevance. In the second and final part of the essay, I offer a brief survey of the current Schelling resurgence in the English speaking reception of Continental philosophy.
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  3.  14
    Herbrand’s Fundamental Theorem in the Eyes of Jean Van Heijenoort.Claus-Peter Wirth - 2012 - Logica Universalis 6 (3-4):485-520.
    Using Heijenoort’s unpublished generalized rules of quantification, we discuss the proof of Herbrand’s Fundamental Theorem in the form of Heijenoort’s correction of Herbrand’s “False Lemma” and present a didactic example. Although we are mainly concerned with the inner structure of Herbrand’s Fundamental Theorem and the questions of its quality and its depth, we also discuss the outer questions of its historical context and why Bernays called it “the central theorem of predicate logic” and considered the form of its expression to (...)
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  4.  10
    The Use and Abuse of Philosophy for Life: Notes on McCumber’s On Philosophy: Notes From a Crisis.Jason M. Wirth - 2014 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 6 (2):196-202.
    John McCumber’s new book takes up the current professional crisis in the discipline of philosophy and traces it back to a series of fateful philosophical distinctions that have resulted in an oppressively substantialist disposition and, in so doing, have rendered philosophy pernicious. When humankind thrives, philosophy wanes, but when philosophy thrives, humankind generally wanes. In reviewing McCumber’s timely and important work, I also reflect on philosophy’s current crisis of relevance, both in itself and with reference to this journal.
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  5.  39
    Nietzsche’s Joy.Jason M. Wirth - 2005 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (1):117-139.
    This essay is devoted to an examination of the relationship between truth and laughter in the works of Nietzsche. My central text shall be the much malignedbook four of Zarathustra, with special attention paid to the braying of the ass. Laughter has been traditionally considered irrelevent to serious philosophical content and, at best, a stylistic quirk. I argue that this stems from a basic predjudice that is constitutive of a large part of the Western tradition, namely, the confusion of working (...)
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  6.  12
    Nietzsche’s Joy: On Laughter’s Truth.Jason M. Wirth - 2005 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (1):117-139.
    This essay is devoted to an examination of the relationship between truth and laughter in the works of Nietzsche. My central text shall be the much malignedbook four of Zarathustra, with special attention paid to the braying of the ass. Laughter has been traditionally considered irrelevent to serious philosophical content and, at best, a stylistic quirk. I argue that this stems from a basic predjudice that is constitutive of a large part of the Western tradition, namely, the confusion of working (...)
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  7.  22
    Søren Kierkegaard and the Common Man.Jason Wirth - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (2):387-389.
    Jørgen Bukdhal’s study is a quietly moving and deceptively simple corrective to Kierkegaard’s reception. First published in Danish in 1961, it dispels the image of a lonely, angst-ridden individual, hopelessly mired in interiority and oblivious to concrete social ills. By deftly and eruditely elucidating the problematics of his time and by following the full expanse of his philosophical career, Bukdahl’s Kierkegaard comes closer to someone like Levinas. For “what matters is to exist for the sake of every person, unconditionally everyone”.
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  8.  3
    Hilbert's Epsilon as an Operator of Indefinite Committed Choice.Claus-Peter Wirth - 2008 - Journal of Applied Logic 6 (3):287-317.
  9.  2
    Abductive Reasoning in Peirce's and Davidson's Account of Interpretation.Uwe Wirth - 2005 - Semiotica 2005 (153 - 1/4).
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  10.  1
    Nelson, Eric S., Chinese and Buddhist Philosophy in Early Twentieth-Century German Thought.Jason M. Wirth - forthcoming - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy:1-4.
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  11.  27
    The Dark Night is Also a Sun: Bataille’s Thanotic Mendacity in Red America.Jason M. Wirth - 2008 - International Studies in Philosophy 40 (1):129-142.
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  12.  6
    Phenomenology and its Relevance to Medical Humanities: The Example of Hermann Schmitz’s Theory of Feelings as Half-Things.Mathias Wirth - forthcoming - Medical Humanities:medhum-2018-011464.
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  13.  9
    Muscle Activation During Grasping With and Without Motor Imagery in Healthy Volunteers and Patients After Stroke or With Parkinson's Disease.Manuela Kobelt, Brigitte Wirth & Corina Schuster-Amft - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  14.  14
    Images of Cult and Devotion: Function and Reception of Christian Images in Medieval and Post-Medieval Europe. Søren Kaspersen, Ulla Haastrur.Jean Wirth & Joan A. Holladay - 2005 - Speculum 80 (3):908-909.
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  15.  17
    Schelling’s Organic Form of Philosophy.Jason M. Wirth - 2011 - Review of Metaphysics 65 (1):174-176.
  16.  9
    The Role of Language in Object Transcendence: On the Lightness of Thinking: Nancy and Hyperion’s Joy.Jason M. Wirth - 2007 - Philosophy Today 51 (Supplement):166-173.
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  17.  8
    The Struggle of Interpretation: Eco's Theory of Interpretation Between Semiotics and Hermeneutics.Uwe Wirth - 2001 - American Journal of Semiotics 17 (1):125-139.
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  18.  9
    On Existentialism, the Emperor's New Clothes and Education.Arthur G. Wirth - 1955 - Educational Theory 5 (3):152-157.
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  19.  1
    Platou’s Lysis nach 394 v. Chr. entstanden.A. Wirth - 1896 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 9 (2):163.
  20.  1
    Who’s Your Daddy?Michelle Louise Wirth - 2009 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 22 (1):83-104.
    This paper provides a brief explanation and illustration of the phenomenon of semiotics. It then describes the conceptual tools of semiotics and how lawyers can use semiotics in law to create compelling arguments. Last, the paper applies the tools of semiotics to the Pennsylvania Supreme Court case Ferguson v. McKiernan, 940 A.2d 1236 (Pa. 2008), to reveal the shift in social context that made the lines of legal reasoning behind the outcome appear “self-evident.”.
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  21. On the Lightness of Thinking Nancy and Hyperion's Joy.Jason M. Wirth - 2007 - Philosophy Today 51:166-173.
     
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  22.  7
    Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy and Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Characterization of the Effect of Mn on the Nanostructural Features Formed in Irradiated Fe-Cu-Mn Alloys.S. C. Glade, B. D. Wirth, G. R. Odette, P. Asoka-Kumar, P. A. Sterne & R. H. Howell - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (4-7):629-639.
  23.  2
    Preface.Charlotte S. Becquart, Robin E. Schäublin & Brian D. Wirth - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (4-7):399-399.
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  24.  12
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Donald Vandenberg, Robert Nicholas Berard, Erskine S. Dottin, John Dreijmanis, Mary Jim Josephs, Karen Seashore Louis, Jack L. Nelson, David Leo-Nyquist & Arthur G. Wirth - 1992 - Educational Studies 23 (3):319-367.
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  25.  7
    Surface and Electronic Structure of SmB Through Scanning Tunneling Microscopy.S. Rößler, Lin Jiao, D. J. Kim, S. Seiro, K. Rasim, F. Steglich, L. H. Tjeng, Z. Fisk & S. Wirth - forthcoming - Philosophical Magazine:1-12.
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  26.  44
    On the Interval Between Negative and Positive Philosophy in Schelling's Thought. Review of The Conspiracy of Life: Meditations on Schelling and His Time by Jason M. Wirth[REVIEW]Jeffrey Bernstein - 2005 - Research in Phenomenology 35 (1):343-350.
  27.  12
    Jason M. Wirth: Schelling’s Practice of the Wild. Time, Art, Imagination.Dennis Vanden Auweele - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (3):281-284.
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  28. "Hinweise auf": Aspects of Contemporary American Philosophy; C. Brunner, Die Lehre von den Geistigen und vom Volk; K. Hemmerle, Franz von Baaders philosophischer Gedanke der Schöpfung; E. Husserl, Philosophie als strenge Wissenschaft; E. Kahler, The Meaning of History; F. Körner, Vom Sein und Sollen des Menschen; J. Moreau, Aristote et son École; F. Nietzsche, Aurora e Frammenti postumi ; Philosophy and Christianity; Collegium Philosophicum; L'Histoire de la Philosophie, ses problèmes, ses méthodes; Il problema filosofico del linguagio; H. D. Rankin, Plato and the Individual; J. E. Raeven, Plato's Thought in the Making; L. von Renthe Fink, Geschichtlichkeit-ihr terminologischer und begrifflicher Ursprung bei Hegel, Haym, Dilthey und Yorck; P. Roubiczek, Existentialism For and Against; M. F. Sciacca, Objektive Inwendigkeit; H. Schreckenberg, Anake; F. Selvaggi u. a., Teoria della Dimostrazione; Technik im technischen Zeitalter; Sir G. Vickers, The Art of Judgment; I. Wirth, Realismus un. [REVIEW]H. Kuhn - 1967 - Philosophische Rundschau 14:75-80.
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  29.  16
    Language and Attention: Reading Wirth Reading Snyder Reading Dōgen.Russell J. Duvernoy - 2018 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 10 (2):182-190.
    ABSTRACTJason Wirth's Mountains, Rivers, and the Great Earth: Reading Gary Snyder and Dōgen in an Age of Ecological Crisis challenges complacency in two significant ways. First, it performs a commitment to philosophy as creative and capacious practice in contrast to orthodoxies or technical provincialisms. Second, it disrupts unreflective usages of “wealth” and “development” as inherently economic in developing a compelling argument about the way that spiritual poverty informs contemporary ecological pathology. In this review, I present six key claims in (...)
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  30. Fitch's Paradox and Level-Bridging Principles.Weng Kin San - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy.
    Fitch’s Paradox shows that if every truth is knowable, then every truth is known. Standard diagnoses identify the factivity/negative infallibility of the knowledge operator and Moorean contradictions as the root source of the result. This paper generalises Fitch’s result to show that such diagnoses are mistaken. In place of factivity/negative infallibility, the weaker assumption of any ‘level-bridging principle’ suffices. A consequence is that the result holds for some logics in which the “Moorean contradiction” commonly thought to underlie the result is (...)
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  31. Salvaging Pascal’s Wager.Elizabeth Jackson & Andrew Rogers - 2019 - Philosophia Christi 21 (1):59-84.
    Many think that Pascal’s Wager is a hopeless failure. A primary reason for this is because a number of challenging objections have been raised to the wager, including the “many gods” objection and the “mixed strategy” objection. We argue that both objections are formal, but not substantive, problems for the wager, and that they both fail for the same reason. We then respond to additional objections to the wager. We show how a version of Pascalian reasoning succeeds, giving us a (...)
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  32. Prisoner's Dilemma Doesn't Explain Much.Robert Northcott & Anna Alexandrova - 2015 - In Martin Peterson (ed.), The Prisoner’s Dilemma. Classic philosophical arguments. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 64-84.
    We make the case that the Prisoner’s Dilemma, notwithstanding its fame and the quantity of intellectual resources devoted to it, has largely failed to explain any phenomena of social scientific or biological interest. In the heart of the paper we examine in detail a famous purported example of Prisoner’s Dilemma empirical success, namely Axelrod’s analysis of WWI trench warfare, and argue that this success is greatly overstated. Further, we explain why this negative verdict is likely true generally and not just (...)
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  33.  52
    Beyond the Instinct-Inference Dichotomy: A Unified Interpretation of Peirce's Theory of Abduction.Mousa Mohammadian - 2019 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 55 (2):138-160.
    I examine and resolve an exegetical dichotomy between two main interpretations of Peirce’s theory of abduction, namely, the Generative Interpretation and the Pursuitworthiness Interpretation. According to the former, abduction is the instinctive process of generating explanatory hypotheses through a mental faculty called insight. According to the latter, abduction is a rule-governed procedure for determining the relative pursuitworthiness of available hypotheses and adopting the worthiest one for further investigation—such as empirical tests—based on economic considerations. It is shown that the Generative Interpretation (...)
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  34. Kant on Moral Agency and Women's Nature.Mari Mikkola - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (1):89-111.
    Some commentators have condemned Kant’s moral project from a feminist perspective based on Kant’s apparently dim view of women as being innately morally deficient. Here I will argue that although his remarks concerning women are unsettling at first glance, a more detailed and closer examination shows that Kant’s view of women is actually far more complex and less unsettling than that attributed to him by various feminist critics. My argument, then, undercuts the justification for the severe feminist critique of Kant’s (...)
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  35. Curry’s Paradox and Ω -Inconsistency.Andrew Bacon - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (1):1-9.
    In recent years there has been a revitalised interest in non-classical solutions to the semantic paradoxes. In this paper I show that a number of logics are susceptible to a strengthened version of Curry's paradox. This can be adapted to provide a proof theoretic analysis of the omega-inconsistency in Lukasiewicz's continuum valued logic, allowing us to better evaluate which logics are suitable for a naïve truth theory. On this basis I identify two natural subsystems of Lukasiewicz logic which individually, but (...)
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  36.  85
    Females in Aristotle’s Embryology.Jessica Gelber - 2017 - In Andrea Falcon and David Lefebvre (ed.), Aristotle’s Generation of Animals: A Critical Guide. pp. 171-187.
    How does Aristotle view the production of females? The prevailing view is that Aristotle thinks female births are teleological failures of a process aiming to produce males. However, as I argue, that is not a view Aristotle ever expresses, and it blatantly contradicts what he does explicitly say about female births: Aristotle believes that females are and come to be for the sake of something, namely, reproduction. I argue that an alternative to that prevailing view, according to which the embryo’s (...)
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  37. The Good, the Bad, and the Badass: On the Descriptive Adequacy of Kant's Conception of Moral Evil.Mark Timmons - 2017 - In Significance and System: Essays on Kant's Ethics. New York, USA: pp. 293-330.
    This chapter argues for an interpretation of Kant's psychology of moral evil that accommodates the so-called excluded middle cases and allows for variations in the magnitude of evil. The strategy involves distinguishing Kant's transcendental psychology from his empirical psychology and arguing that Kant's character rigorism is restricted to the transcendental level. The chapter also explains how Kant's theory of moral evil accommodates 'the badass'; someone who does evil for evil's sake.
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  38.  73
    Pascal’s Wager and the Origins of Decision Theory: Decision-Making by Real Decision-Makers.James Franklin - 2018 - In Paul Bartha & Lawrence Pasternack (eds.), Pascal's Wager. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 27-44.
    Pascal’s Wager does not exist in a Platonic world of possible gods, abstract probabilities and arbitrary payoffs. Real decision-makers, such as Pascal’s “man of the world” of 1660, face a range of religious options they take to be serious, with fixed probabilities grounded in their evidence, and with utilities that are fixed quantities in actual minds. The many ingenious objections to the Wager dreamed up by philosophers do not apply in such a real decision matrix. In the situation Pascal addresses, (...)
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  39.  31
    Perpetuation of Retracted Publications Using the Example of the Scott S. Reuben Case: Incidences, Reasons and Possible Improvements.Helmar Bornemann-Cimenti, Istvan S. Szilagyi & Andreas Sandner-Kiesling - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1063-1072.
    In 2009, Scott S. Reuben was convicted of fabricating data, which lead to 25 of his publications being retracted. Although it is clear that the perpetuation of retracted articles negatively effects the appraisal of evidence, the extent to which retracted literature is cited had not previously been investigated. In this study, to better understand the perpetuation of discredited research, we examine the number of citations of Reuben’s articles within 5 years of their retraction. Citations of Reuben’s retracted articles were assessed (...)
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  40. Simpson's Paradox and Causality.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, Mark Greenwood, Don Dcruz & Venkata Raghavan - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):13-25.
    There are three questions associated with Simpson’s Paradox (SP): (i) Why is SP paradoxical? (ii) What conditions generate SP?, and (iii) What should be done about SP? By developing a logic-based account of SP, it is argued that (i) and (ii) must be divorced from (iii). This account shows that (i) and (ii) have nothing to do with causality, which plays a role only in addressing (iii). A counterexample is also presented against the causal account. Finally, the causal and logic-based (...)
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  41.  78
    What Is the Validity Domain of Einstein’s Equations? Distributional Solutions Over Singularities and Topological Links in Geometrodynamics.Elias Zafiris - 2016 - 100 Years of Chronogeometrodynamics: The Status of the Einstein's Theory of Gravitation in Its Centennial Year.
    The existence of singularities alerts that one of the highest priorities of a centennial perspective on general relativity should be a careful re-thinking of the validity domain of Einstein’s field equations. We address the problem of constructing distinguishable extensions of the smooth spacetime manifold model, which can incorporate singularities, while retaining the form of the field equations. The sheaf-theoretic formulation of this problem is tantamount to extending the algebra sheaf of smooth functions to a distribution-like algebra sheaf in which the (...)
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  42. An Automatic Ockham’s Razor for Bayesians?Gordon Belot - 2018 - Erkenntnis 84 (6):1361-1367.
    It is sometimes claimed that the Bayesian framework automatically implements Ockham’s razor—that conditionalizing on data consistent with both a simple theory and a complex theory more or less inevitably favours the simpler theory. It is shown here that the automatic razor doesn’t in fact cut it for certain mundane curve-fitting problems.
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  43. Kant's Theory of Motivation: A Hybrid Approach.Benjamin S. Yost - 2017 - Review of Metaphysics 71 (2):293-319.
    To vindicate morality against skeptical doubts, Kant must show that agents can be moved to act independently of their sensible desires. Kant must therefore answer a motivational question: how does an agent get from the cognition that she ought to act morally to acting morally? Affectivist interpretations of Kant hold that agents are moved to act by feelings, while intellectualists appeal to cognition alone. To overcome the significant shortcomings of each view, I develop a hybrid theory of motivation. My central (...)
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  44.  16
    Review of Ulrich Baltzer, "Erkenntnis Als Relationengeflecht: Kategorien Bei Charles S. Peirce". [REVIEW]H. G. Callaway - 1995 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 31 (2):445.
    This book arose from the author’s recent dissertation written under the Gerhard Schonrich at Munich. It focuses on Peirce’s theory of categories and his epistemology. According to Baltzer, what is distinctive in Peirce’s theory of knowledge is that he reconstrues objects as “knots in networks of relations.” The phrase may ring a bell. It suggests a structuralist interpretation of Peirce, influenced by the Munich environs. The study aims to shows how Peirce’s theory of categories supports his theory of knowledge and (...)
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  45.  31
    Charles Peirce's Pragmatic Pluralism.Sandra B. Rosenthal - 1994 - State University of New York Press.
    This work runs counter to the traditional interpretations of Peirce's philosophy by eliciting an inherent strand of pragmatic pluralism that is embedded in the very core of his thought and that weaves his various doctrines into a systematic ...
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  46. Rethinking Plato’s Forms.Necip Fikri Alican & Holger Thesleff - 2013 - Arctos: Acta Philologica Fennica 47:11–47.
    This is a proposal for rethinking the main lines of Plato’s philosophy, including some of the conceptual tools he uses for building and maintaining it. Drawing on a new interpretive paradigm for Plato’s overall vision, the central focus is on the so-called Forms. Regarding the guiding paradigm, we propose replacing the dualism of a world of Forms separated from a world of particulars, with the monistic model of a hierarchically structured universe comprising interdependent levels of reality. Regarding the tools of (...)
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  47. C. S. Peirce and the Hispanic Philosophy of the Twentieth Century.Jaime Nubiola - 1998 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 24 (1):31-49.
    A surprising fact in the historiography of the Hispanic philosophy of this century is its almost total opacity towards the American philosophy, in spite of the real affinity between the central questions of American pragmatism and the topics addressed by the most relevant Hispanic thinkers of the century: Unamuno, Ortega y Gasset, d'Ors, Vaz Ferreira. In this paper that situation is studied, paying special attention to Charles S. Peirce, his personal connections with the Hispanic world, the reception of his texts (...)
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  48.  38
    Biosemiotics and the Foundation of Cybersemiotics: Reconceptualizing the Insights of Ethology, Second-Order Cybernetics, and Peirce’s Semiotics in Biosemiotics to Create a Non-Cartesian Information Science.Søren Brier - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4):169-198.
    Any great new theoretical framework has an epistemological and an ontological aspect to its philosophy as well as an axiological one, and one needs to understand all three aspects in order to grasp the deep aspiration and idea of the theoretical framework. Presently, there is a widespread effort to understand C. S. Peirce's (1837–1914) pragmaticistic semeiotics, and to develop it by integrating the results of modern science and evolutionary thinking; first, producing a biosemiotics and, second, by integrating it with the (...)
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  49. Peirce's Final Account of Signs and the Philosophy of Language.Albert Atkin - 2008 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (1):pp. 63-85.
    In this paper I examine parallels between C.S. Peirce's most mature account of signs and contemporary philosophy of language. I do this by first introducing a summary of Peirce's final account of Signs. I then use that account of signs to reconstruct Peircian answers to two puzzles of reference: The Problem of Cognitive Significance, or Frege's Puzzle; and The Same-Saying Phenomenon for Indexicals. Finally, a comparison of these Peircian answers with both Fregean and Direct Referentialist approaches to the puzzles highlights (...)
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  50.  82
    Lessons of Bell's Theorem: Nonlocality, Yes; Action at a Distance, Not Necessarily.Wayne C. Myrvold - 2016 - In Shan Gao Mary Bell (ed.), Quantum Nonlocality and Reality: 50 Years of Bell's Theorem. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 238-260.
    Fifty years after the publication of Bell's theorem, there remains some controversy regarding what the theorem is telling us about quantum mechanics, and what the experimental violations of Bell inequalities are telling us about the world. This chapter represents my best attempt to be clear about what I think the lessons are. In brief: there is some sort of nonlocality inherent in any quantum theory, and, moreover, in any theory that reproduces, even approximately, the quantum probabilities for the outcomes of (...)
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