Results for 'Sabina Gesell'

302 found
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  1.  15
    Ensuring Respect for Persons in COMPASS: A Cluster Randomised Pragmatic Clinical Trial.Joseph E. Andrews, J. Brian Moore, Richard B. Weinberg, Mysha Sissine, Sabina Gesell, Jacquie Halladay, Wayne Rosamond, Cheryl Bushnell, Sara Jones, Paula Means, Nancy M. P. King, Diana Omoyeni & Pamela W. Duncan - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (8):560-566.
    Cluster randomised clinical trials present unique challenges in meeting ethical obligations to those who are treated at a randomised site. Obtaining informed consent for research within the context of clinical care is one such challenge. In order to solve this problem it is important that an informed consent process be effective and efficient, and that it does not impede the research or the healthcare. The innovative approach to informed consent employed in the COMPASS study demonstrates the feasibility of upholding ethical (...)
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  2. Sabina Lovibond on Wittgenstein.Sabina Lovibond - 1997 - Women’s Philosophy Review 17:72-73.
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  3.  87
    Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction.Sabina Alkire - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    Sabina Alkire shows how Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen's capability approach can be coherently---and practically---put to work in poverty reduction activities so that the voices and values of the poor matter. This provides economists, philosophers, theologians, and development practitioners with a way forward that addresses both theoretical and practical challenges.
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  4. The First Five Years of Life.Arnold Gesell - 1972 - British Journal of Educational Studies 20 (2):244-245.
  5.  30
    Bio-Ontologies as Tools for Integration in Biology.Sabina Leonelli - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (1):7-11.
  6.  14
    Maturation and Infant Behavior Pattern.A. Gesell - 1929 - Psychological Review 36 (4):307-319.
  7.  55
    Reply to McNaughton and Rawling (Paper From the 2003 Session, Naturalism and Normativity by David McNaughton and Piers Rawling, and Sabina Lovibond).Sabina Lovibond - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (2):185–201.
  8.  20
    Realism and Imagination in Ethics.Sabina Lovibond - 1983 - Blackwell.
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  9. Classificatory Theory in Data-Intensive Science: The Case of Open Biomedical Ontologies.Sabina Leonelli - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (1):47 - 65.
    Knowledge-making practices in biology are being strongly affected by the availability of data on an unprecedented scale, the insistence on systemic approaches and growing reliance on bioinformatics and digital infrastructures. What role does theory play within data-intensive science, and what does that tell us about scientific theories in general? To answer these questions, I focus on Open Biomedical Ontologies, digital classification tools that have become crucial to sharing results across research contexts in the biological and biomedical sciences, and argue that (...)
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  10.  6
    When Language Bites.Sabina Tabacaru - 2018 - Pragmatics Cognition 24 (2):186-211.
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  11.  75
    Integrating Data to Acquire New Knowledge: Three Modes of Integration in Plant Science.Sabina Leonelli - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):503-514.
    This paper discusses what it means and what it takes to integrate data in order to acquire new knowledge about biological entities and processes. Maureen O’Malley and Orkun Soyer have pointed to the scientific work involved in data integration as important and distinct from the work required by other forms of integration, such as methodological and explanatory integration, which have been more successful in captivating the attention of philosophers of science. Here I explore what data integration involves in more detail (...)
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  12. What Counts as Scientific Data? A Relational Framework.Sabina Leonelli - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):810-821.
    This paper proposes an account of scientific data that makes sense of recent debates on data-driven and ‘big data’ research, while also building on the history of data production and use particularly within biology. In this view, ‘data’ is a relational category applied to research outputs that are taken, at specific moments of inquiry, to provide evidence for knowledge claims of interest to the researchers involved. They do not have truth-value in and of themselves, nor can they be seen as (...)
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  13.  37
    Re-Thinking Reproducibility as a Criterion for Research Quality.Sabina Leonelli - 2018 - Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology 36 (B):129-146.
    A heated debate surrounds the significance of reproducibility as an indicator for research quality and reliability, with many commentators linking a "crisis of reproducibility" to the rise of fraudulent, careless and unreliable practices of knowledge production. Through the analysis of discourse and practices across research fields, I point out that reproducibility is not only interpreted in different ways, but also serves a variety of epistemic functions depending on the research at hand. Given such variation, I argue that the uncritical pursuit (...)
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  14.  64
    Re-Thinking Organisms: The Impact of Databases on Model Organism Biology.Sabina Leonelli & Rachel A. Ankeny - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):29-36.
    Community databases have become crucial to the collection, ordering and retrieval of data gathered on model organisms, as well as to the ways in which these data are interpreted and used across a range of research contexts. This paper analyses the impact of community databases on research practices in model organism biology by focusing on the history and current use of four community databases: FlyBase, Mouse Genome Informatics, WormBase and The Arabidopsis Information Resource. We discuss the standards used by the (...)
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  15.  9
    When Language Bites.Sabina Tabacaru - 2017 - Pragmatics and Cognition 24 (2):186-211.
    This article focuses on sarcasm, for which the definitions have often been loose and confusing, integrating it into the concept of irony. My approach is based on a large corpus of examples taken from two contemporary television-series, which help identify the wide range of linguistic processes at the core of sarcastic utterances. I present a quantitative and descriptive analysis of the main processes found in two American television-series: House M.D. and The Big Bang Theory. The results show the intricate meanings (...)
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  16.  53
    Data Interpretation in the Digital Age.Sabina Leonelli - 2014 - Perspectives on Science 22 (3):397-417.
    Scientific knowledge production is currently affected by the dissemination of data on an unprecedented scale. Technologies for the automated production and sharing of vast amounts of data have changed the way in which data are handled and interpreted in several scientific domains, most notably molecular biology and biomedicine. In these fields, the activity of data gathering has become increasingly technology-driven, with machines such as next generation genome sequencers and mass spectrometers generating billions of data points within hours, and with little (...)
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  17.  63
    Ethical Formation.Sabina Lovibond - 2002 - Harvard University Press.
    From the book To my mind the most striking development in ethical theory since the 1970s has been an attempt to reactivate the Platonic-Aristotelian ethical ...
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  18. Iris Murdoch, Gender and Philosophy.Sabina Lovibond - 2011 - Routledge.
    Iris Murdoch was one of the best-known philosophers and novelists of the post-war period. In this book, Sabina Lovibond explores the tangled issue of Murdoch's stance towards gender and feminism, drawing upon the evidence of her fiction, philosophy, and other public statements. As well as analysing Murdoch's own attitudes, Iris Murdoch, Gender and Philosophy is also a critical enquiry into the way we picture intellectual, and especially philosophical, activity. Appealing to the idea of a 'social imaginary' within which Murdoch's (...)
     
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  19.  65
    Performing Abstraction: Two Ways of Modelling Arabidopsis Thaliana.Sabina Leonelli - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (4):509-528.
    What is the best way to analyse abstraction in scientific modelling? I propose to focus on abstracting as an epistemic activity, which is achieved in different ways and for different purposes depending on the actual circumstances of modelling and the features of the models in question. This is in contrast to a more conventional use of the term ‘abstract’ as an attribute of models, which I characterise as black-boxing the ways in which abstraction is performed and to which epistemological advantage. (...)
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  20.  12
    How Efficient Are Emotional Intelligence Trainings: A Meta-Analysis.Sabina Hodzic, Jana Scharfen, Pilar Ripoll, Heinz Holling & Franck Zenasni - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (2):138-148.
    This multilevel meta-analysis examines whether emotional intelligence can be enhanced through training and identifies training effects’ determinants. We identified 24 studies containing 28 samples aiming at increasing individual-level EI among healthy adults. The results revealed a significant moderate standardized mean change between pre- and post-measurement for the main effect of EI training, and a stable pre- to follow-up effect. Additionally, the type of EI model, dimensions of the four branch model, length, and type of publication turned out to be significant (...)
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  21.  78
    On the Locality of Data and Claims About Phenomena.Sabina Leonelli - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):737-749.
    Bogen and Woodward characterized data as embedded in the context in which they are produced (‘local’) and claims about phenomena as retaining their significance beyond that context (‘nonlocal’). This view does not fit sciences such as biology, which successfully disseminate data via packaging processes that include appropriate labels, vehicles, and human interventions. These processes enhance the evidential scope of data and ensure that claims about phenomena are understood in the same way across research communities. I conclude that the degree of (...)
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  22.  13
    “Tangible as Tissue”: Arnold Gesell, Infant Behavior, and Film Analysis.Scott Curtis - 2011 - Science in Context 24 (3):417-442.
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  23.  40
    What Distinguishes Data From Models?Sabina Leonelli - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (2):22.
    I propose a framework that explicates and distinguishes the epistemic roles of data and models within empirical inquiry through consideration of their use in scientific practice. After arguing that Suppes’ characterization of data models falls short in this respect, I discuss a case of data processing within exploratory research in plant phenotyping and use it to highlight the difference between practices aimed to make data usable as evidence and practices aimed to use data to represent a specific phenomenon. I then (...)
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  24.  17
    Documenting the Emergence of Bio-Ontologies: Or, Why Researching Bioinformatics Requires HPSSB.Sabina Leonelli - 2010 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 32 (1).
  25.  35
    The Time of Data: Timescales of Data Use in the Life Sciences.Sabina Leonelli - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (5):741-754.
    This paper considers the temporal dimension of data processing and use, and the ways in which it affects the production and interpretation of knowledge claims. I start by distinguishing the time at which data collection, dissemination and analysis occur from the time in which the phenomena for which data serve as evidence operate. Building on the analysis of two examples of data re-use from modelling and experimental practices in biology, I then argue that Dt affects how researchers select and interpret (...)
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  26.  37
    Classificatory Theory in Biology.Sabina Leonelli - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (4):338-345.
    Scientific classification has long been recognized as involving a specific style of reasoning and doing research, and as occasionally affecting the development of scientific theories. However, the role played by classificatory activities in generating theories has not been closely investigated within the philosophy of science. I argue that classificatory systems can themselves become a form of theory, which I call classificatory theory, when they come to formalize and express the scientific significance of the elements being classified. This is particularly evident (...)
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  27.  1
    Ethical Formation.Sabina Lovibond - 2002 - Harvard University Press.
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  28.  14
    The Response Styles Theory of Depression: A Test of Specificity and Causal Mediation.Sabina Sarin, John Abela & Randy Auerbach - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (5):751-761.
  29.  36
    Growing Weed, Producing Knowledge An Epistemic History of Arabidopsis Thaliana.Sabina Leonelli - 2007 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (2):193 - 223.
    Arabidopsis is currently the most popular and well-researched model organism in plant biology. This paper documents this plant's rise to scientific fame by focusing on two interrelated aspects of Arabidopsis research. One is the extent to which the material features of the plant have constrained research directions and enabled scientific achievements. The other is the crucial role played by the international community of Arabidopsis researchers in making it possible to grow, distribute and use plant specimen that embody these material features. (...)
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  30.  30
    Realism and Imagination in Ethics.Susan Wolf & Sabina Lovibond - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (2):290.
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  31. What’s so Special About Model Organisms?Rachel A. Ankeny & Sabina Leonelli - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):313-323.
    This paper aims to identify the key characteristics of model organisms that make them a specific type of model within the contemporary life sciences: in particular, we argue that the term “model organism” does not apply to all organisms used for the purposes of experimental research. We explore the differences between experimental and model organisms in terms of their material and epistemic features, and argue that it is essential to distinguish between their representational scope and representational target. We also examine (...)
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  32.  12
    What Distinguishes Data From Models?Sabina Leonelli - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (2):22.
    I propose a framework that explicates and distinguishes the epistemic roles of data and models within empirical inquiry through consideration of their use in scientific practice. After arguing that Suppes’ characterization of data models falls short in this respect, I discuss a case of data processing within exploratory research in plant phenotyping and use it to highlight the difference between practices aimed to make data usable as evidence and practices aimed to use data to represent a specific phenomenon. I then (...)
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  33.  15
    Engenderings: Constructions of Knowledge, Authority and Privilege.Sabina Lovibond & Naomi Scheman - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (3):460.
  34.  1
    The Grammer of Justice.Sabina Lovibond - 1989 - Ethics 100 (1):183-184.
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  35. Working Towards a New Psychiatry - Neuroscience, Technology and the DSM-5.Sabina Alam, Jigisha Patel & James Giordano - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:1-.
    This Editorial introduces the thematic series on 'Toward a New Psychiatry: Philosophical and Ethical Issues in Classification, Diagnosis and Care' http://www.biomedcentral.com/series/newpsychiatry.
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  36.  18
    Understanding in Biology: The Impure Nature of Biological Knowledge.Sabina Leonelli - 2009 - In Henk De Regt, Sabina Leonelli & Kai Eigner (eds.), Scientific Understanding: Philosophical Perspectives. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 189--209.
  37.  72
    Repertoires: A Post-Kuhnian Perspective on Scientific Change and Collaborative Research.Rachel A. Ankeny & Sabina Leonelli - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:18-28.
  38. Practical Reason and its Animal Precursors.Sabina Lovibond - 2006 - European Journal of Philosophy 14 (2):262–273.
  39.  63
    Review of Sabina Leonelli’s Data-Centric Biology: A Philosophical Study. [REVIEW]Beckett Sterner - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (3):540-550.
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  40. Scientific Understanding: Philosophical Perspectives.Henk De Regt, Sabina Leonelli & Kai Eigner (eds.) - 2009 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    The chapters in this book highlight the multifaceted nature of the process of scientific research.
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  41.  50
    Needs and Capabilities.Sabina Alkire - 2005 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 57:229-252.
    How should actions to redress absolute human deprivation be framed? Current international coordinated actions on absolute poverty are framed by human rights or by goals such as the Millennium Development Goals. But appropriate, effective and sustained responses to needs require localized participation in the definition of those rights/goals/needs and in measures taken to redress them. Human rights or the MDGs do not seem necessarily to require such processes. For this reason some argue that no universal framework can describe economic, social, (...)
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  42.  17
    Translation Practices in Political Institutions: A Comparison of National, Supranational, and Non-Governmental Organisations.Christina Schäffner, Luciana Sabina Tcaciuc & Wine Tesseur - 2014 - Perspectives 22 (4):493-510.
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  43. The Measurement and Prediction of Mental Growth.A. Gesell - 1927 - Psychological Review 34 (5):385-390.
  44.  24
    Impartial Respect and Natural Interest.Sabina Lovibond - 2010 - Philosophical Topics 38 (1):143-158.
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  45. Essays for David Wiggins: Identity, Truth, and Value.David Wiggins, Sabina Lovibond & S. G. Williams (eds.) - 1996 - Blackwell.
     
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  46.  57
    Women and Employee-Elected Board Members, and Their Contributions to Board Control Tasks.Morten Huse, Sabina Tacheva Nielsen & Inger Marie Hagen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):581-597.
    We present results from a study about women and employee-elected board members, and fill some of the gaps in the literature about their contribution to board effectiveness. The empirical data are from a unique data set of Norwegian firms. Board effectiveness is evaluated in relation to board control tasks, including board corporate social responsibility (CSR) involvement. We found that the contributions of women and employee-elected board members varied depending on the board tasks studied. In the article we also explored the (...)
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  47. Feminism and Pragmatism : A Reply to Richard Rorty.Sabina Lovibond - 2010 - In Marianne Janack (ed.), Feminist Interpretations of Richard Rorty. Pennsylvania State University Press.
  48.  5
    Insurance Policies for Clinical Trials in the United States and in Some European Countries.Sabina Gainotti & Carlo Petrini - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 1 (1).
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  49.  39
    Religion and Modernity Living in the Hypercontext.Sabina Lovibond - 2005 - Journal of Religious Ethics 33 (4):617-631.
    This paper discusses Jeffrey Stout's thesis that modern societies are "secular," not in the sense that religion has disappeared from them, but in a procedural sense having to do with what can properly be assumed by participants in moral or political discussion. I endorse this thesis, but argue that Stout employs a notion of justification (with regard to moral belief), which leans too far toward descriptivism or relativism. As an alternative account of the status of religion within "the hypercontext, modernity," (...)
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  50.  27
    Symposium Issue: Philosophy of Biology in Flanders and the Netherlands.Sabina Leonelli & Thomas Reydon - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (2):55-56.
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