Results for 'Sabina Kruszy��ska'

354 found
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  1.  99
    Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction.Sabina Alkire - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    Sabina Alkire shows how Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen's capability approach can be coherently---and practically---put to work in poverty reduction activities so that the voices and values of the poor matter. This provides economists, philosophers, theologians, and development practitioners with a way forward that addresses both theoretical and practical challenges.
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  2.  47
    What Distinguishes Data From Models?Sabina Leonelli - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (2):22.
    I propose a framework that explicates and distinguishes the epistemic roles of data and models within empirical inquiry through consideration of their use in scientific practice. After arguing that Suppes’ characterization of data models falls short in this respect, I discuss a case of data processing within exploratory research in plant phenotyping and use it to highlight the difference between practices aimed to make data usable as evidence and practices aimed to use data to represent a specific phenomenon. I then (...)
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  3.  40
    Classificatory Theory in Biology.Sabina Leonelli - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (4):338-345.
    Scientific classification has long been recognized as involving a specific style of reasoning and doing research, and as occasionally affecting the development of scientific theories. However, the role played by classificatory activities in generating theories has not been closely investigated within the philosophy of science. I argue that classificatory systems can themselves become a form of theory, which I call classificatory theory, when they come to formalize and express the scientific significance of the elements being classified. This is particularly evident (...)
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  4.  22
    Realism and Imagination in Ethics.Sabina Lovibond - 1983 - Blackwell.
  5.  1
    Sabina Lovibond on Wittgenstein.Sabina Lovibond - 1997 - Women’s Philosophy Review 17:72-73.
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  6.  3
    Iris Murdoch, Gender and Philosophy.Sabina Lovibond - 2011 - Routledge.
    Iris Murdoch was one of the best-known philosophers and novelists of the post-war period. In this book, Sabina Lovibond explores the tangled issue of Murdoch's stance towards gender and feminism, drawing upon the evidence of her fiction, philosophy, and other public statements. As well as analysing Murdoch's own attitudes, Iris Murdoch, Gender and Philosophy is also a critical enquiry into the way we picture intellectual, and especially philosophical, activity. Appealing to the idea of a 'social imaginary' within which Murdoch's (...)
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  7.  58
    Data Interpretation in the Digital Age.Sabina Leonelli - 2014 - Perspectives on Science 22 (3):397-417.
    Scientific knowledge production is currently affected by the dissemination of data on an unprecedented scale. Technologies for the automated production and sharing of vast amounts of data have changed the way in which data are handled and interpreted in several scientific domains, most notably molecular biology and biomedicine. In these fields, the activity of data gathering has become increasingly technology-driven, with machines such as next generation genome sequencers and mass spectrometers generating billions of data points within hours, and with little (...)
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  8. Working Towards a New Psychiatry - Neuroscience, Technology and the DSM-5.Sabina Alam, Jigisha Patel & James Giordano - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:1-.
    This Editorial introduces the thematic series on 'Toward a New Psychiatry: Philosophical and Ethical Issues in Classification, Diagnosis and Care' http://www.biomedcentral.com/series/newpsychiatry.
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  9.  29
    Assimilation and Contrast Effects in Suboptimal Affective Priming Paradigm.Dorota Kobylińska & Dorota Karwowska - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  10.  63
    Ethical Formation.Sabina Lovibond - 2002 - Harvard University Press.
    From the book To my mind the most striking development in ethical theory since the 1970s has been an attempt to reactivate the Platonic-Aristotelian ethical ...
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  11.  20
    Where Health and Environment Meet: The Use of Invariant Parameters in Big Data Analysis.Sabina Leonelli & Niccolò Tempini - 2018 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 10):1-20.
    The use of big data to investigate the spread of infectious diseases or the impact of the built environment on human wellbeing goes beyond the realm of traditional approaches to epidemiology, and includes a large variety of data objects produced by research communities with different methods and goals. This paper addresses the conditions under which researchers link, search and interpret such diverse data by focusing on “data mash-ups”—that is the linking of data from epidemiology, biomedicine, climate and environmental science, which (...)
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  12.  36
    Bio-Ontologies as Tools for Integration in Biology.Sabina Leonelli - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (1):7-11.
  13. Scientific Understanding: Philosophical Perspectives.Henk de Regt, Sabina Leonelli & Kai Eigner (eds.) - 2008 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    The chapters in this book highlight the multifaceted nature of the process of scientific research.
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  14.  13
    How Efficient Are Emotional Intelligence Trainings: A Meta-Analysis.Sabina Hodzic, Jana Scharfen, Pilar Ripoll, Heinz Holling & Franck Zenasni - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (2):138-148.
    This multilevel meta-analysis examines whether emotional intelligence can be enhanced through training and identifies training effects’ determinants. We identified 24 studies containing 28 samples aiming at increasing individual-level EI among healthy adults. The results revealed a significant moderate standardized mean change between pre- and post-measurement for the main effect of EI training, and a stable pre- to follow-up effect. Additionally, the type of EI model, dimensions of the four branch model, length, and type of publication turned out to be significant (...)
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  15.  3
    A Hybrid Qualitative Approach for Relative Movements.J. Goli ska-Pilarek & E. Munoz-Velasco - 2015 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 23 (3):410-420.
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  16. What’s so Special About Model Organisms?Rachel A. Ankeny & Sabina Leonelli - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):313-323.
    This paper aims to identify the key characteristics of model organisms that make them a specific type of model within the contemporary life sciences: in particular, we argue that the term “model organism” does not apply to all organisms used for the purposes of experimental research. We explore the differences between experimental and model organisms in terms of their material and epistemic features, and argue that it is essential to distinguish between their representational scope and representational target. We also examine (...)
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  17.  55
    Reply to McNaughton and Rawling (Paper From the 2003 Session, Naturalism and Normativity by David McNaughton and Piers Rawling, and Sabina Lovibond).Sabina Lovibond - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (2):185–201.
  18.  41
    Re-Thinking Reproducibility as a Criterion for Research Quality.Sabina Leonelli - 2018 - Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology 36 (B):129-146.
    A heated debate surrounds the significance of reproducibility as an indicator for research quality and reliability, with many commentators linking a "crisis of reproducibility" to the rise of fraudulent, careless and unreliable practices of knowledge production. Through the analysis of discourse and practices across research fields, I point out that reproducibility is not only interpreted in different ways, but also serves a variety of epistemic functions depending on the research at hand. Given such variation, I argue that the uncritical pursuit (...)
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  19.  88
    Repertoires: A Post-Kuhnian Perspective on Scientific Change and Collaborative Research.Rachel A. Ankeny & Sabina Leonelli - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:18-28.
  20.  51
    Needs and Capabilities.Sabina Alkire - 2005 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 57:229-252.
    How should actions to redress absolute human deprivation be framed? Current international coordinated actions on absolute poverty are framed by human rights or by goals such as the Millennium Development Goals. But appropriate, effective and sustained responses to needs require localized participation in the definition of those rights/goals/needs and in measures taken to redress them. Human rights or the MDGs do not seem necessarily to require such processes. For this reason some argue that no universal framework can describe economic, social, (...)
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  21. What Counts as Scientific Data? A Relational Framework.Sabina Leonelli - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):810-821.
    This paper proposes an account of scientific data that makes sense of recent debates on data-driven and ‘big data’ research, while also building on the history of data production and use particularly within biology. In this view, ‘data’ is a relational category applied to research outputs that are taken, at specific moments of inquiry, to provide evidence for knowledge claims of interest to the researchers involved. They do not have truth-value in and of themselves, nor can they be seen as (...)
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  22. Classificatory Theory in Data-Intensive Science: The Case of Open Biomedical Ontologies.Sabina Leonelli - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (1):47 - 65.
    Knowledge-making practices in biology are being strongly affected by the availability of data on an unprecedented scale, the insistence on systemic approaches and growing reliance on bioinformatics and digital infrastructures. What role does theory play within data-intensive science, and what does that tell us about scientific theories in general? To answer these questions, I focus on Open Biomedical Ontologies, digital classification tools that have become crucial to sharing results across research contexts in the biological and biomedical sciences, and argue that (...)
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  23.  9
    When Language Bites.Sabina Tabacaru - 2018 - Pragmatics Cognition 24 (2):186-211.
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  24.  77
    Integrating Data to Acquire New Knowledge: Three Modes of Integration in Plant Science.Sabina Leonelli - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):503-514.
    This paper discusses what it means and what it takes to integrate data in order to acquire new knowledge about biological entities and processes. Maureen O’Malley and Orkun Soyer have pointed to the scientific work involved in data integration as important and distinct from the work required by other forms of integration, such as methodological and explanatory integration, which have been more successful in captivating the attention of philosophers of science. Here I explore what data integration involves in more detail (...)
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  25.  15
    What Distinguishes Data From Models?Sabina Leonelli - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (2):22.
    I propose a framework that explicates and distinguishes the epistemic roles of data and models within empirical inquiry through consideration of their use in scientific practice. After arguing that Suppes’ characterization of data models falls short in this respect, I discuss a case of data processing within exploratory research in plant phenotyping and use it to highlight the difference between practices aimed to make data usable as evidence and practices aimed to use data to represent a specific phenomenon. I then (...)
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  26.  68
    Re-Thinking Organisms: The Impact of Databases on Model Organism Biology.Sabina Leonelli & Rachel A. Ankeny - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):29-36.
    Community databases have become crucial to the collection, ordering and retrieval of data gathered on model organisms, as well as to the ways in which these data are interpreted and used across a range of research contexts. This paper analyses the impact of community databases on research practices in model organism biology by focusing on the history and current use of four community databases: FlyBase, Mouse Genome Informatics, WormBase and The Arabidopsis Information Resource. We discuss the standards used by the (...)
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  27.  14
    The Response Styles Theory of Depression: A Test of Specificity and Causal Mediation.Sabina Sarin, John Abela & Randy Auerbach - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (5):751-761.
  28.  5
    Insurance Policies for Clinical Trials in the United States and in Some European Countries.Sabina Gainotti & Carlo Petrini - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 1 (1).
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  29.  10
    When Language Bites.Sabina Tabacaru - 2017 - Pragmatics and Cognition 24 (2):186-211.
    This article focuses on sarcasm, for which the definitions have often been loose and confusing, integrating it into the concept of irony. My approach is based on a large corpus of examples taken from two contemporary television-series, which help identify the wide range of linguistic processes at the core of sarcastic utterances. I present a quantitative and descriptive analysis of the main processes found in two American television-series: House M.D. and The Big Bang Theory. The results show the intricate meanings (...)
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  30.  12
    Towards a New Philosophical Imaginary.A. W. Moore, Sabina Lovibond & Pamela Sue Anderson - 2020 - Angelaki 25 (1-2):8-22.
    The paper builds on the postulate of “myths we live by,” which shape our imaginative life, but which are also open to reflective study and reinvention. It applies this principle, in particular, to the concepts of love and vulnerability. We are accustomed to think of the condition of vulnerability in an objectifying and distancing way, as something that affects the bearers of specific social identities. Against this picture, which can serve as a pretext for paternalist and controlling attitudes to the (...)
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  31.  79
    On the Locality of Data and Claims About Phenomena.Sabina Leonelli - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):737-749.
    Bogen and Woodward characterized data as embedded in the context in which they are produced (‘local’) and claims about phenomena as retaining their significance beyond that context (‘nonlocal’). This view does not fit sciences such as biology, which successfully disseminate data via packaging processes that include appropriate labels, vehicles, and human interventions. These processes enhance the evidential scope of data and ensure that claims about phenomena are understood in the same way across research communities. I conclude that the degree of (...)
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  32.  66
    Performing Abstraction: Two Ways of Modelling Arabidopsis Thaliana.Sabina Leonelli - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (4):509-528.
    What is the best way to analyse abstraction in scientific modelling? I propose to focus on abstracting as an epistemic activity, which is achieved in different ways and for different purposes depending on the actual circumstances of modelling and the features of the models in question. This is in contrast to a more conventional use of the term ‘abstract’ as an attribute of models, which I characterise as black-boxing the ways in which abstraction is performed and to which epistemological advantage. (...)
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  33.  46
    Ethical Models Underpinning Responses to Threats to Public Health: A Comparison of Approaches to Communicable Disease Control in Europe.Sabina Gainotti, Nicola Moran, Carlo Petrini & Darren Shickle - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (9):466-476.
    Increases in international travel and migratory flows have enabled infectious diseases to emerge and spread more rapidly than ever before. Hence, it is increasingly easy for local infectious diseases to become global infectious diseases (GIDs). National governments must be able to react quickly and effectively to GIDs, whether naturally occurring or intentionally instigated by bioterrorism. According to the World Health Organisation, global partnerships are necessary to gather the most up-to-date information and to mobilize resources to tackle GIDs when necessary. Communicable (...)
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  34.  59
    Women and Employee-Elected Board Members, and Their Contributions to Board Control Tasks.Morten Huse, Sabina Tacheva Nielsen & Inger Marie Hagen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):581-597.
    We present results from a study about women and employee-elected board members, and fill some of the gaps in the literature about their contribution to board effectiveness. The empirical data are from a unique data set of Norwegian firms. Board effectiveness is evaluated in relation to board control tasks, including board corporate social responsibility (CSR) involvement. We found that the contributions of women and employee-elected board members varied depending on the board tasks studied. In the article we also explored the (...)
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  35.  39
    The Time of Data: Timescales of Data Use in the Life Sciences.Sabina Leonelli - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (5):741-754.
    This paper considers the temporal dimension of data processing and use, and the ways in which it affects the production and interpretation of knowledge claims. I start by distinguishing the time at which data collection, dissemination and analysis occur from the time in which the phenomena for which data serve as evidence operate. Building on the analysis of two examples of data re-use from modelling and experimental practices in biology, I then argue that Dt affects how researchers select and interpret (...)
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  36.  11
    Exploring the Effects of Suboptimal Affective Priming: Enhancement and Minimization.Dorota Karwowska & Dorota Kobylińska - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  37.  36
    Realism and Imagination in Ethics.Susan Wolf & Sabina Lovibond - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (2):290.
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  38.  15
    Multitasking Ska in Chromosome Segregation: Its Distinct Pools Might Specify Various Functions.Qian Zhang, Yujue Chen, Lu Yang & Hong Liu - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (3):1700176.
    The human spindle and kinetochore associated complex is required for proper mitotic progression. Extensive studies have demonstrated its important functions in both stable kinetochore-microtubule interactions and spindle checkpoint silencing. We suggest a model to explain how various Ska functions might be fulfilled by distinct pools of Ska at kinetochores. The Ndc80-loop pool of Ska is recruited by the Ndc80 loop, or together with some of its flanking sequences, and the recruitment is also dependent on Cdk1-mediated Ska3 phosphorylation. This pool seems (...)
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  39.  20
    The Role of Working Memory for Cognitive Control in Anorexia Nervosa Versus Substance Use Disorder.Samantha J. Brooks, Sabina G. Funk, Susanne Y. Young & Helgi B. Schiöth - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  40.  18
    Documenting the Emergence of Bio-Ontologies: Or, Why Researching Bioinformatics Requires HPSSB.Sabina Leonelli - 2010 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 32 (1).
  41.  3
    How Does One “Open” Science? Questions of Value in Biological Research.Sabina Leonelli & Nadine Levin - 2017 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 42 (2):280-305.
    Open Science policies encourage researchers to disclose a wide range of outputs from their work, thus codifying openness as a specific set of research practices and guidelines that can be interpreted and applied consistently across disciplines and geographical settings. In this paper, we argue that this “one-size-fits-all” view of openness sidesteps key questions about the forms, implications, and goals of openness for research practice. We propose instead to interpret openness as a dynamic and highly situated mode of valuing the research (...)
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  42.  1
    The Grammer of Justice.Sabina Lovibond - 1989 - Ethics 100 (1):183-184.
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  43.  1
    Ethical Formation.Sabina Lovibond - 2002 - Harvard University Press.
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  44.  34
    Introduction: On the Philosophy of Science in Practice. [REVIEW]Marcel Boumans & Sabina Leonelli - 2013 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (2):259-261.
  45.  4
    Why the Current Insistence on Open Access to Scientific Data? Big Data, Knowledge Production, and the Political Economy of Contemporary Biology.Sabina Leonelli - 2013 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 33 (1-2):6-11.
    The collection and dissemination of data on human and nonhuman organisms has become a central feature of 21st-century biology and has been endorsed by funding agencies in the United States and Europe as crucial to translating biological research into therapeutic and agricultural innovation. Large molecular data sets, often referred to as “big data,” are increasingly incorporated into digital databases, many of which are freely accessible online. These data have come to be seen as resources that play a key role in (...)
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  46.  37
    Growing Weed, Producing Knowledge An Epistemic History of Arabidopsis Thaliana.Sabina Leonelli - 2007 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (2):193 - 223.
    Arabidopsis is currently the most popular and well-researched model organism in plant biology. This paper documents this plant's rise to scientific fame by focusing on two interrelated aspects of Arabidopsis research. One is the extent to which the material features of the plant have constrained research directions and enabled scientific achievements. The other is the crucial role played by the international community of Arabidopsis researchers in making it possible to grow, distribute and use plant specimen that embody these material features. (...)
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  47.  47
    Reduce Ourselves to Zero?: Sabina Lovibond, Iris Murdoch, and Feminism.Nora Hämäläinen - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (4):743-759.
    In her book Iris Murdoch, Gender and Philosophy, Sabina Lovibond argues that Iris Murdoch's philosophical and literary work is covertly dedicated to an ideology of female subordination. The most central and interesting aspect of her multifaceted argument concerns Murdoch's focus on the individual person's moral self-scrutiny and transformation of consciousness. Lovibond suggests that this focus is antithetical to the kind of communal and structural criticism of society that has been essential for the advance of feminism. She further reads Murdoch's (...)
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  48.  85
    Review of Sabina Leonelli’s Data-Centric Biology: A Philosophical Study. [REVIEW]Beckett Sterner - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (3):540-550.
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  49.  94
    Hur ska man förstå McTaggarts paradox?Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson - 2000 - Filosofisk Tidskrift 21 (3):13–24.
    I sitt berömda bevis för tidens overklighet påstod McTaggart att det sätt händelser tycks skifta position i tiden från framtid till nutid och till förfluten tid, innebär en motsägelse. Vad McTaggart egentligen menade har varit föremål för en livlig debatt ända sedan beviset först publicerades 1908. Beviset består av två delar. I den första argumenterar McTaggart för att ingenting kan förändras förutom genom att övergå från framtid till förfluten tid. I den andra argumenterar han för att en sådan övergång innebär (...)
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  50.  7
    Ahıska Türklerinin Müzik Kültürlerine Yönelik Bir Araştırma.Ülkü Sevim ŞEN - 2014 - Journal of Turkish Studies 9 (Volume 9 Issue 5):1849-1849.
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