Results for 'Sahid Rahman'

245 found
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  1.  46
    The Dialogical Approach to Paraconsistency.Sahid Rahman & Walter A. Carnielli - 2000 - Synthese 125 (1-2):201-232.
    Being a pragmatic and not a referential approach tosemantics, the dialogical formulation ofparaconsistency allows the following semantic idea tobe expressed within a semi-formal system: In anargumentation it sometimes makes sense to distinguishbetween the contradiction of one of the argumentationpartners with himself (internal contradiction) and thecontradiction between the partners (externalcontradiction). The idea is that externalcontradiction may involve different semantic contextsin which, say A and ¬A have been asserted.The dialogical approach suggests a way of studying thedynamic process of contradictions through which thetwo (...)
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  2.  10
    Fiction, Creation and Fictionality : An Overview.Matthieu Fontaine & Shahid Rahman - 2010 - Methodos 10.
    La réflexion philosophique sur la non-existence est une thématique qui a été abordée au commencement même de la philosophie et qui suscite, depuis la publication en 1905 de « On Denoting » par Russell, les plus vifs débats en philosophie analytique. Cependant, le débat féroce sur la sémantique des noms propres et des descriptions définies qui surgirent suite à la publication du « On Referring » par Strawson en 1950 n’engagea pas d’étude systématique de la sémantique des fictions. En fait, (...)
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  3. The Impact of Board Diversity and Gender Composition on Corporate Social Responsibility and Firm Reputation.Stephen Bear, Noushi Rahman & Corinne Post - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (2):207 - 221.
    This article explores how the diversity of board resources and the number of women on boards affect firms' corporate social responsibility (CSR) ratings, and how, in turn, CSR influences corporate reputation. In addition, this article examines whether CSR ratings mediate the relationships among board resource diversity, gender composition, and corporate reputation. The OLS regression results using lagged data for independent and control variables were statistically significant for the gender composition hypotheses, but not for the resource diversitybased hypotheses. CSR ratings had (...)
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  4.  29
    Measurement Issues in Environmental Corporate Social Responsibility (ECSR): Toward a Transparent, Reliable, and Construct Valid Instrument. [REVIEW]Noushi Rahman & Corinne Post - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 105 (3):307-319.
    One of the major roadblocks in conducting Environmental Corporate Social Responsibility (ECSR) research is operationalization of the construct. Existing ECSR measurement tools either require primary data gathering or special subscriptions to proprietary databases that have limited replicability. We address this deficiency by developing a transparent ECSR measure, with an explicit coding scheme, that strictly relies on publicly available data. Our ECSR measure tests favorably for internal consistency and inter-rater reliability, as well as convergent and discriminant validity.
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  5.  6
    From Board Composition to Corporate Environmental Performance Through Sustainability-Themed Alliances.Corinne Post, Noushi Rahman & Cathleen McQuillen - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (2):423-435.
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  6.  25
    Institutional Pressures and Ethical Reckoning by Business Corporations.Frances Chua & Asheq Rahman - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (2):307 - 329.
    Prior studies have provided explanations for the presence, use and dissemination of codes of corporate ethics or codes of corporate conduct of business corporations. Most such explanations are functional in nature, and are descriptive as they are derived from the codes and their associated documents. We search for more underlying explanations using two complementary theories: first, social contract theories explaining the exogenous and endogenous reasons of organizational behavior, and then institutional theory explaining why organizations take similar measures in response to (...)
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  7.  2
    Effects of Weak Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation on Brain Activity—a Review of Known Mechanisms From Animal Studies.Davide Reato, Asif Rahman, Marom Bikson & Lucas C. Parra - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  8.  22
    Maqasid Al-Shariah as a Complementary Framework to Conventional Bioethics.Shaikh Mohd Saifuddeen, Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman, Noor Munirah Isa & Azizan Baharuddin - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):317-327.
    With the rapid advancements made in biotechnology, bioethical discourse has become increasingly important. Bioethics is a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary field that goes beyond the realm of natural sciences, and has involved fields in the domain of the social sciences. One of the important areas in bioethical discourse is religion. In a country like Malaysia, where Muslims make up the majority of the population, Islam plays a crucial role in providing the essential guidelines on the permissibility and acceptability of biotechnological applications (...)
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  9.  34
    Collection, Storage and Use of Blood Samples for Future Research: Views of Egyptian Patients Expressed in a Cross-Sectional Survey.A. Abou-Zeid, H. Silverman, M. Shehata, M. Shams, M. Elshabrawy, T. Hifnawy, S. A. Rahman, B. Galal, H. Sleem, N. Mikhail & N. Moharram - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (9):539-547.
    Objective To determine the attitudes of Egyptian patients regarding their participation in research and with the collection, storage and future use of blood samples for research purposes. Design Cross-sectional survey. Study population Adult Egyptian patients (n=600) at rural and urban hospitals and clinics. Results Less than half of the study population (44.3%) felt that informed consent forms should provide research participants the option to have their blood samples stored for future research. Of these participants, 39.9% thought that consent forms should (...)
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  10.  32
    Unity, Truth and the Liar: The Modern Relevance of Medieval Solutions to the Liar Paradox.Shahid Rahman, Tero Tulenheimo & Emmanuel Genot (eds.) - 2008 - Springer.
    This volume includes a target paper, taking up the challenge to revive, within a modern (formal) framework, a medieval solution to the Liar Paradox which did ...
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  11.  13
    Individuality in Fiction and the Creative Role of the Reader.Matthieu Fontaine & Shahid Rahman - 2012 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 262 (4):539-560.
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  12.  47
    Leibniz's Notion of Conditional Right and the Dynamics of Public Announcement.Sébastien Magnier & Shahid Rahman - unknown
    The main aim of our paper is to implement Leibniz's analysis of the conditional right in the framework of a dialogical approach to Public Announcement Logic. According to our view, on one hand: PAL furnishes a dynamic epistemic operator which models communication exchange between different agents that seems to be very close to Leibniz understanding of the dynamics between the truth of a proposition and the knowledge of the truth of that proposition (Leibniz calls the latter certification of its truth); (...)
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  13.  5
    Application of Artificial Societies in Analysis of Social Dynamic Phenomena and Complex Processes.Arash Rahman - forthcoming - Social Research.
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  14.  6
    Wife Abuse in Rural Bangladesh.Koustuv Dalal, Fazlur Rahman & Bjarne Jansson - 2009 - Journal of Biosocial Science 41 (5):561.
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  15. Development of Interatomic Potentials Appropriate for Simulation of Solid–Liquid Interface Properties in Al–Mg Alloys.M. I. Mendelev, M. Asta, M. J. Rahman & J. J. Hoyt - 2009 - Philosophical Magazine 89 (34-36):3269-3285.
  16.  4
    Interacción E Igualdad. La Interpretación Dialógica de la Teoría Constructiva de Tipos.Shahid Rahman, Nicolas Clerbout & Juan Redmond - 2017 - Crítica. Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía 49 (145):49-89.
    The main aim of the present paper is to show, by means of a dialogical study, that the notion of judgemental equality of Constructive Type Theory, which in this theory furnishes the criterion of identity of a type, can be understood from the game-theoretical point of view as the result of a specific form of dialogical interaction governed by the development rule known as formal rule or Socratic rule, which prescribes the use of copy-cat moves. It will be shown, as (...)
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  17.  46
    Decision Making and Neuropsychiatry.S. Rahman, B. Sahakia, R. Cardinal, R. Rogers & T. Robbins - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (6):271-277.
  18.  82
    Towards a Semantics for the Artifactual Theory of Fiction and Beyond.Matthieu Fontaine & Shahid Rahman - 2014 - Synthese 191 (3):499-516.
    In her book Fiction and Metaphysics (1999) Amie Thomasson, influenced by the work of Roman Ingarden, develops a phenomenological approach to fictional entities in order to explain how non-fictional entities can be referred to intrafictionally and transfictionally, for example in the context of literary interpretation. As our starting point we take Thomasson’s realist theory of literary fictional objects, according to which such objects actually exist, albeit as abstract and artifactual entities. Thomasson’s approach relies heavily on the notion of ontological dependence, (...)
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  19.  6
    The Impact of Childhood Malnutrition on Schooling: Evidence From Bangladesh.Rasheda Khanam, Hong Son Nghiem & Mohammad Mafizur Rahman - 2011 - Journal of Biosocial Science 43 (4):437-451.
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  20.  4
    Maqasid Al-Shariah as a Complementary Framework for Conventional Bioethics: Application in Malaysian Assisted Reproductive Technology Fatwa.Abdul Halim Ibrahim, Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman & Shaikh Mohd Saifuddeen - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    Rapid development in the area of assisted reproductive technology, has benefited mankind by addressing reproductive problems. However, the emergence of new technologies and techniques raises various issues and discussions among physicians and the masses, especially on issues related to bioethics. Apart from solutions provided using conventional bioethics framework, solutions can also be derived via a complementary framework of bioethics based on the Higher Objectives of the Divine Law in tackling these problems. This approach in the Islamic World has been applied (...)
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  21.  51
    From Games to Dialogues and Back.Shahid Rahman & Tero Tulenheimo - 2009 - In Ondrej Majer, Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Tero Tulenheimo (eds.), Games: Unifying Logic, Language, and Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 153--208.
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  22.  14
    Wealth Adjustment Using a Synergy Between Communication, Cooperation, and One-Fifth of Wealth Variables in an Artificial Society.Arash Rahman, Saeed Setayeshi & Mojtaba Shamsaei Zafarghandi - 2009 - AI and Society 24 (2):151-164.
    Wealth distribution based on classic sugarscape model leads to a population increase and the Gini coefficient decrease when cooperation and communication parameters are taken into account. In another study, this model was developed by implying a receipt of one-fifth of the assets of the population and derived utilization for poor people. The results showed a relation between mortality decrease, population increase, and Gini coefficient decrease (equality increase). In a synergic process, the wealth adjustment based on sugarscape model underwent some experiments (...)
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  23.  10
    Sex Differences in Theory of Mind: A Male Advantage on Happé's “Cartoon” Task.Tamara A. Russell, Kate Tchanturia, Qazi Rahman & Ulrike Schmidt - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (7):1554-1564.
  24.  19
    Democracy Against Domination: Contesting Economic Power in Progressive and Neorepublican Political Theory.K. Sabeel Rahman - 2017 - Contemporary Political Theory 16 (1):41-64.
    This article argues that current economic upheaval should be understood as a problem of domination, in two respects: the ‘dyadic’ domination of one actor by another, and the ‘structural’ domination of individuals by a diffuse, decentralized, but nevertheless human-made system. Such domination should be contested through specifically democratic political mobilization, through institutions and practices that expand the political agency of citizens themselves. The article advances this argument by synthesizing two traditions of political thought. It reconstructs radical democratic theory from the (...)
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  25.  9
    Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science.S. Rahman (ed.) - 2004 - Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The aim of the series Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science, of which this is the first volume, is to take up anew the challenge of considering the ...
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  26.  2
    Tri-Parent Baby Technology and Preservation of Lineage: An Analysis From the Perspective of Maqasid Al-Shari’Ah Based Islamic Bioethics.Abdul Halim Ibrahim, Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman, Shaikh Mohd Saifuddeen & Madiha Baharuddin - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    Tri-parent baby technology is an assisted reproductive treatment which aims to minimize or eliminate maternal inheritance of mutated mitochondrial DNA. The technology became popular following the move by the United Kingdom in granting license to a group of researchers from the Newcastle Fertility Centre, Newcastle University to conduct research on the symptoms of defective mtDNA. This technology differs from other assisted reproductive technology because it involves the use of gamete components retrieved from three different individuals. Indirectly, it affects the preservation (...)
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  27.  3
    Determinants of Chronic Malnutrition Among Preschool Children in Bangladesh.Azizur Rahman & Soma Chowdhury - 2007 - Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (2):161-173.
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  28.  1
    Variations of Fluvial Patterns and Infilling History of a Paleoincised Valley System During Late Pleistocene to Holocene, Offshore Pahang River, Peninsular Malaysia.Md Mostafizur Rahman, Edlic Sathiamurthy, Guangfa Zhong, Jianghua Geng & Zhifei Liu - 2018 - Interpretation: SEG 6 (1):T39-T50.
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  29.  3
    Logic, Epistemology and the Unity of Science: An Encyclopedic Project in the Spirit of Neurath and Diderot.Shahid Rahman & John Symons - 2004 - In S. Rahman J. Symons (ed.), Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science. Kluwer Academic Publisher. pp. 3--15.
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  30.  11
    Dialogical Harmony: Tonk, Constructive Type Theory and Rules for Anonymous Players.Juan Redmond & Shahid Rahman - unknown
    Recent literature on dialogical logic discusses the case of tonk and the notion harmony in the context of a rule-based theory of meaning. Now, since the publications of those papers, a dialogical version of constructive type theory has been developed. The aim of the present paper is to show that, from the dialogical point of view, the harmony of the CTT-rules is the consequence of a more fundamental level of meaning characterized by the independence of players. We hope that the (...)
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  31.  5
    Armonía Dialógica: tonk, Teoría Constructiva de Tipos y Reglas para Jugadores Anónimos.Shahid Rahman & Juan Redmond - 2016 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 31 (1):27-53.
    Recent literature on dialogical logic discusses the case of tonk and the notion harmony in the context of a rule-based theory of meaning. Now, since the publications of those papers, a dialogical version of constructive type theory has been developed. The aim of the present paper is to show that, from the dialogical point of view, the harmony of the CTT- rules is the consequence of a more fundamental level of meaning characterized by the independence of players. We hope that (...)
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  32.  27
    Attachment and Homelessness in the Age of Digital Communication.Smita A. Rahman - 2007 - Theory and Event 10 (1).
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  33.  56
    Dialogical Connexive Logic.Shahid Rahman & Helge Rückert - 2001 - Synthese 127 (1-2):105-139.
    Many of the discussions about conditionals can best be put as follows:can those conditionals that involve an entailment relation be formulatedwithin a formal system? The reasons for the failure of the classical approachto entailment have usually been that they ignore the meaning connectionbetween antecedent and consequent in a valid entailment. One of the firsttheories in the history of logic about meaning connection resulted from thestoic discussions on tightening the relation between the If- and the Then-parts of conditionals, which in this (...)
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  34.  1
    Discourse Analysis on Newspaper Reports of Apostasy Cases.Azweed Mohamad, Radzuwan Ab Rashid, Kamariah Yunus, Shireena Basree Abdul Rahman, Saadiyah Darus, Razali Musa & Kamarul Shukri Mat Teh - 2017 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 16 (48):96-111.
    This paper aims to provide insights into the Malaysian newspaper reports on apostasy cases in the country. Being a Muslim country with multi-religions, apostasy is highly sensitive hence any issues related to apostasy need to be carefully managed. Four keywords were used to identify newspaper reports for the analysis. Two newspaper reports met the selection criteria and were analysed using a discourse analysis approach focusing on Grammatical Analysis, Macrostructures, and Rhetorical Structures. The analysis reveals that the report in New Straits (...)
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  35.  16
    More Review Content in TICS 2003.Shbana Rahman - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (1):1.
  36.  23
    New Perspectives in Dialogical Logic.Shahid Rahman - forthcoming - Synthese.
  37.  23
    Non-Normal Dialogics for a Wonderful World and More.Shahid Rahman - 2006 - In Johan van Benthem, Gerhard Heinzman, M. Rebushi & H. Visser (eds.), The Age of Alternative Logics. Springer. pp. 311--334.
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  38.  23
    Child Work and Schooling in Bangladesh: The Role of Birth Order.Rasheda Khanam & Mohammad Mafizur Rahman - 2007 - Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (5):641-656.
    Using data from Bangladesh, this paper examines how the birth order of a child influences parental decisions to place children in one of four activities: 'study only', 'study and work', 'neither work nor study' and 'work only'. The results of the multinomial logit model show that being a first-born child increases the probability of work as the prime activity, or at least a combination of school and work, rather than schooling only. The results confirm that later-born children are more likely (...)
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  39.  15
    New Blood, New Neurons….Shbana Rahman - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (5):189.
  40.  38
    Context-Sensitivity in Jain Philosophy: A Dialogical Study of Siddharṣigaṇi's Commentary on the Handbook of Logic. [REVIEW]Nicolas Clerbout, Marie-Hélène Gorisse & Shahid Rahman - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (5):633-662.
    In classical India, Jain philosophers developed a theory of viewpoints ( naya-vāda ) according to which any statement is always performed within and dependent upon a given epistemic perspective or viewpoint. The Jainas furnished this epistemology with an (epistemic) theory of disputation that takes into account the viewpoint in which the main thesis has been stated. The main aim of our paper is to delve into the Jain notion of viewpoint-contextualisation and to develop the elements of a suitable logical system (...)
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  41. La Dialogique Temporelle Ou Patrick Blackburn Par Lui Même.Laure Damien, Marie-Hélène Gorisse & Shahid Rahman - 2004 - Philosophia Scientiae 8 (2):39-59.
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  42.  11
    Use of a Clinical Decision Support System to Increase Osteoporosis Screening.Ramona S. DeJesus, Kurt B. Angstman, Rebecca Kesman, Robert J. Stroebel, Matthew E. Bernard, Sidna M. Scheitel, Vicki L. Hunt, Ahmed S. Rahman & Rajeev Chaudhry - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (1):89-92.
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  43.  11
    Family and Community Concerns About Post-Mortem Needle Biopsies in a Muslim Society.Emily S. Gurley, Shahana Parveen, M. Saiful Islam, M. Jahangir Hossain, Nazmun Nahar, Nusrat Homaira, Rebeca Sultana, James J. Sejvar, Mahmudur Rahman & Stephen P. Luby - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):10.
    Background: Post-mortem needle biopsies have been used in resource-poor settings to determine cause of death and there is interest in using them in Bangladesh. However, we did not know how families and communities would perceive this procedure or how they would decide whether or not to consent to a post-mortem needle biopsy. The goal of this study was to better understand family and community concerns and decision-making about post-mortem needle biopsies in this low-income, predominantly Muslim country in order to design (...)
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  44.  14
    The Duration of Lactational Amenorrhoea in Urban Bangladeshi Women.Mahmudur Rahman, C. G. N. Mascie-Taylor & L. Rosetta - 2002 - Journal of Biosocial Science 34 (1):75-90.
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  45. Health and Medicine in the Islamic Tradition: Change and Identity.Fazlur Rahman - 1987 - Crossroad.
  46.  14
    Rethinking Nagel.Shaffarullah Abdul Rahman - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 42:189-197.
    It may be tempting to think that given Nagel’s much-discussed bat argument in “What Is It Like to be a Bat?” (henceforth the Bat article), Nagel qua Nagel has conceived an argument against the very idea of physicalism. For example, Tye (1986 p. 7) argues that Nagel’s argument from the Bat-Phenomenology Analogy shows that the physicalist account of the mental phenomenon is incomplete. Churchland (1995 p. 196) conceives Nagel in a similar manner: “[from the Bat Argument] Nagel concludes that conscious (...)
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  47. Hugh MacColls Begriff der hypothetischen Aussage und die Verflechtung der Tradition von Boethius und Hamilton mit Booles Algebraisierung der Logik.Shahid Rahman & Pierre G. Christen - 1997 - Philosophia Scientiae 2 (4):95-138.
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  48.  15
    Celebrating a Decade of TiCS.Shbana Rahman - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (4):137-139.
  49.  15
    Ways of Understanding Hugh MacColl's Concept of Symbolic Existence.Shahid Rahman - 1998 - Nordic Journal of Philosophical Logic 3:35-58.
  50.  13
    Avicenna's Psychology: An English Translation of Kitab Al-Najat, Book II, Chapter VI, with Historico-Philosophical Notes and Textual Improvements on the Cairo Edition.W. Montgomery Watt & F. Rahman - 1953 - Philosophical Quarterly 3 (13):365.
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