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Saladin Meckled-Garcia
University College London
  1. On the Very Idea of Cosmopolitan Justice: Constructivism and International Agency.Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2008 - Journal of Political Philosophy 16 (3):245-271.
    Cosmopolitan critics attack the scope-limitation of justice of egalitarian liberal theorists to states. They treat justice as the production of a given set of outcomes for people regardless of location or relationship. However, in doing so they either ignore the relevant agent towards whom principles of justice are addressed or see the question of agency as a practical, derivative question, of a secondary character. This paper argues that a principle of justice without a clearly justified agent is not a genuine (...)
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  2.  48
    Giving Up the Goods: Rethinking the Human Right to Subsistence, Institutional Justice, and Imperfect Duties.Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2013 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (1):73-87.
    Either a person's claim to subsistence goods is held against institutions equipped to distribute social benefits and burdens fairly or it is made regardless of such a social scheme. If the former, then one's claim is not best understood as based on principles setting out a subsistence goods entitlement, but rather on principles of equitable social distribution — a fair share. If, however, the claim is not against a given social scheme, no plausible principle exists defining what counts as a (...)
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  3.  17
    What Comes First, Democracy or Human Rights?Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2014 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 17 (6):681-688.
    A branch of political philosophy treats human rights as the output of democratic deliberations by a certain kind of polity. This school, represented by theorists like Benhabib and Besson, do not see detailed human rights as constraints on legitimacy but rather as the specification of abstract human rights (such as the "right to have rights") in terms of obligations and the distribution of burdens. This paper argues that the position is untenable as the notion of democratic decision-making depends on sufficiently (...)
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  4.  32
    Do Transnational Economic Effects Violate Human Rights?Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2009 - Ethics and Global Politics 2 (3).
    Transnational effects are identified as those economic effects which cross state boundaries. Where these effects are negative, as illustrated by the ‘transnational case’, it is asked what the appropriate ethical analysis of such a case might be. If we leave aside a social distributive justice analysis, for reasons given, then a typical move is to claim that transnational economic effects are analysable as human rights violations. The paper examines this claim and identifies the specific view of human rights which motivates (...)
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  5.  20
    Two Concepts of Justice – and of its Scope.Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2016 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 19 (5):534-554.
    The debate over the applicability of the concept of (distributive) justice to the international sphere appears to focus on practicalities in the agent of redistribution. The agency objection says there is no appropriate agent of (the equivalent of societal distributive) justice and its aims for the international sphere. A common response is that the agency question is merely a matter of practicality, the concepts of justice and injustice can apply to circumstances in which distributive justice may not currently be practically (...)
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  6. Security and the 'War on Terror': A Roundtable.Julian Baggini, Alex Voorhoeve, Catherine Audard, Saladin Meckled-Garcia & Tony McWalter - 2007 - In Julian Baggini & Jeremy Strangroom (eds.), What More Philosophers Think. Continuum. pp. 19-32.
    What is the appropriate legal response to terrorist threats? This question is discussed by politician Tony McWalter, The Philosophers' Magazine editor Julian Baggini, and philosophers Catherine Audard, Saladin Meckled-Garcia, and Alex Voorhoeve.
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  7.  52
    Toleration and Neutrality: Incompatible Ideals?Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2001 - Res Publica 7 (3):293-313.
    Toleration and neutrality are not always distinguished. When they are, they are often offered as two complementary solutions for the problem of achieving political unity and a degree of mutual acceptance within a pluralist liberal polity. The essay shows the concepts to be fundamentally distinct, and then argues that instead of being mutually supporting, they are mutually exclusive. Neutralist liberals, it is argued, must give up toleration in favour of the virtue of neutrality on the part of citizens.
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  8.  67
    International Justice, Human Rights and Neutrality.Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2004 - Res Publica 10 (2):153-174.
    A number of theorists have tried to resolve the tension between a western-oriented liberal scheme of human rights and an account that accommodates different political systems and constitutional ideals than the liberal one. One important way the tension has been addressed is through a “neutral” or tolerant, notion of human rights, as present in the work of Rawls, Scanlon and Buchanan. In this paper I argue that neutrality cannot by itself explain the difference between rights considered appropriate for liberal states (...)
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  9.  49
    The Price of Security: A Roundtable.Catherine Audard, Tony McWalter, Saladin Meckled-García, Jonathan Rée & Alex Voorhoeve - 2006 - The Philosophers' Magazine 34:53-59.
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  10.  59
    Moral Methodology and the Third Theory of Rights.Saladin Meckled-Garcia - unknown
    The paper engages the conceptual question of the nature of rights. First, moral methodology for developing criteria to judge the adequacy of theories for the concept of rights is discussed. Standard methodologies for conceptual theory, such as analysis of language practices, appealing to intuitions to test and correct hypotheses, and mixtures of these with appeals to substantive moral values, are shown to fail in important ways to give us reasons to adopt one or another view of the concept. An alternative (...)
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  11.  49
    Neo-Positivism About Rights the Problem with 'Rights as Enforceable Claims'.Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (1):143–148.
    Sue James recommends an 'enforcement account' of rights, where a right is to be understood simply as an enforceable claim. I show that adopting this analysis of rights implies giving up non-rhetorical, important, uses of the word 'right' which are possible on the best alternative theory of rights to James's position: the ability to deny a moral right's existence, even where claims are effectively enforced; the notion of a right's violation; and the idea that rights imply entitlement to make a (...)
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  12.  6
    Neo-Positivism About Rights the Problem with 'Rights as Enforceable Claims'.Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (1):143-148.
    This paper argues that Susan James' definition of rights as 'enforceable claims' suffers from key faults based in its descriptive approach to a normative and evaluative concept (rights). James cannot explain key and valuable functions of the concept of rights as action-guiding and reason-giving, and some upshots of the view are inconsistent with the reasons one would appeal to rights as a distinctive concept. On her view it is difficult to explain how a right can be violated, given that violation (...)
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  13.  40
    The Practice-Dependence Red Herring and Better Reasons for Restricting the Scope of Justice.Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2013 - Raisons Politiques 51:97-120.
    In this paper, I make three points. The first is that there is indeed a distinctive approach to moral methodology, different from standard moral reasoning, that can be described as “practice-dependence”. I argue that its distinctness lies in recommending an aptness claim , namely that moral principles for regulating social practices must be principles for better fulfilling the point of those practices, a point discoverable in shared understandings of the practice. Participants treat domestic political societies as having a different point (...)
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  14.  27
    How to Think About the Problem of Non-State Actors and Human Rights.Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 11:41-60.
    International Human Rights Law is clear in holding only states or state-like entities responsible for human rights abuses, yet activists and philosophers alike do not see any rational basis for this restriction in responsibility. Multi-national corporations, individuals and a whole array of other 'non‐state actors' are capable of harming vital human interests just as much as states, so why single-out the latter as human rights-responsible agents? In this paper I distinguish two ways of looking at human rights responsibility. One is (...)
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  15.  1
    Neo-Positivism About Rights the Problem with 'Rights as Enforceable Claims'.Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (1):143-148.
    Sue James recommends an 'enforcement account' of rights, where a right is to be understood simply as an enforceable claim. I show that adopting this analysis of rights implies giving up non-rhetorical, important, uses of the word 'right' which are possible on the best alternative theory of rights to James's position: the ability to deny a moral right's existence, even where claims are effectively enforced; the notion of a right's violation; and the idea that rights imply entitlement to make a (...)
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