Results for 'Sally Clayton'

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  1.  23
    The Use of Consultation in Psychological Practice: Ethical, Legal, and Clinical Considerations.Sally Clayton & Bruce Bongar - 1994 - Ethics and Behavior 4 (1):43 – 57.
    The importance of consulting with other professionals to maintain acceptable standards of care is well documented in many health care professions. However, evidence indicates that many psychologists fail to utilize consultation when needed, and that consultation use varies along dimensions such as the education and training of the consultee, the type of setting, number of years in practice, and proximity to available consultants. In this article, we review the research on the use of consultation by psychologists as well as other (...)
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  2.  12
    Mr. Clayton's Rejoinder.Joseph Clayton - 1926 - New Blackfriars 7 (73):244-246.
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  3.  12
    Mr. Joseph Clayton's Reply.Joseph Clayton - 1920 - New Blackfriars 1 (7):433-434.
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  4.  18
    Poem by Mark Clayton.Mark Clayton - 1985 - Between the Species 1 (3):8.
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  5. Clayton Response to Robbins-Religion Science Without God.P. Clayton - 1992 - Zygon 27 (4):457-459.
  6. Mind and Emergence: From Quantum to Consciousness.Philip Clayton - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Strong claims have been made for emergence as a new paradigm for understanding science, consciousness, and religion. Tracing the past history and current definitions of the concept, Clayton assesses the case for emergent phenomena in the natural world and their significance for philosophy and theology. Complex emergent phenomena require irreducible levels of explanation in physics, chemistry and biology. This pattern of emergence suggests a new approach to the problem of consciousness, which is neither reducible to brain states nor proof (...)
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  7.  75
    Justice and Legitimacy in Upbringing.Matthew Clayton - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    At what age should children acquire adult rights? To what extent are parents morally permitted to shape the beliefs of their children? How should childbearing rights and resources be distributed? Matthew Clayton provides a controversial set of answers to these and related issues in this pivotal new work.
  8.  21
    Episodic Future Thinking in 3- to 5-Year-Old Children: The Ability to Think of What Will Be Needed From a Different Point of View. [REVIEW]James Russell, Dean Alexis & Nicola Clayton - 2010 - Cognition 114 (1):56-71.
    Assessing children's episodic future thinking by having them select items for future use may be assessing their functional reasoning about the future rather than their future episodic thinking. In an attempt to circumvent this problem, we capitalised on the fact that episodic cognition necessarily has a spatial format (Clayton & Russell, 2009; Hassabis & Maguire, 2007). Accordingly, we asked children of 3, 4, and 5 to chose items they would need to play a game (blow football) from the opposite (...)
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  9.  42
    Moral Theory in Śāntideva's Śikṣāsamuccaya: Cultivating the Fruits of Virtue.Barbra R. Clayton - 2006 - Routledge.
    This book analyses the moral theory of the seventh century Indian Mahayana master, Santideva. Santideva is the author of the well-known religious poem the Bodhicaryavatara (Entering the Path of Enlightenment) , as well as the significant, but relatively overlooked, Siksasamuccaya (Compendium of Teachings) . Both of these works describe the nature and path of the bodhisattva, the altruistic spiritual ideal especially exalted in Mahayana literature. With particular focus on the Siksasamuccaya , this work offers a response to three questions: What (...)
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  10. Explanation From Physics to Theology: An Essay in Rationality and Religion.Philip Clayton - 1989 - Yale University Press.
    In this book Philip Clayton defends the rationality of religious explanations by exploring the parallels between explanatory effects in the sciences and the explanations offered by religious believers, students of religion, and theologians. Clayton begins by surveying the types of religious explanation, offering a synopsis of the most significant competing positions. He then critically examines recent important developments in the philosophy of science regarding the nature of scientific explanations—including the work of Popper, Hempel, Kuhn, and Lakatos in the (...)
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  11.  16
    Narrative and Theories of Desire.Jay Clayton - 1989 - Critical Inquiry 16 (1):33-53.
    The hope of moving beyond formalism is one of two things that unites an otherwise diverse group of literary theorists who have begun to explore the role of desire in narrative. Peter Brooks, for example, in Reading for the Plot, says in more than one place that his interest in desire “derives from my dissatisfaction with the various formalisms that have dominated critical thinking about narrative.”3 Leo Bersani sees desire as establishing a crucial link between social and literary structures. Teresa (...)
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  12. Religion and Science: The Basics.Philip Clayton - 2011 - Routledge.
    Religion and science are arguably the two most powerful social forces in the world today. But where religion and science were once held to be compatible, most people now perceive them to be in conflict. This unique book provides the best available introduction to the burning debates in this controversial field. Examining the defining questions and controversies, renowned expert Philip Clayton presents the arguments from both sides, asking readers to decide for themselves where they stand: science _or_ religion, or (...)
     
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  13. Religions, Reasons and Gods: Essays in Cross-Cultural Philosophy of Religion.John Clayton - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Traditional theistic proofs are often understood as evidence intended to compel belief in a divinity. John Clayton explores the surprisingly varied applications of such proofs in the work of philosophers and theologians from several periods and traditions, thinkers as varied as Ramanuja, al-Ghazali, Anselm, and Jefferson. He shows how the gradual disembedding of theistic proofs from their diverse and local religious contexts is concurrent with the development of natural theologies and atheism as social and intellectual options in early modern (...)
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  14.  10
    Robert Clayton and Joan Algar . A Scientist's War: The War Diary of Sir Clifford Paterson, 1939–45. London: Peter Peregrinus Ltd in Association with the Science Museum, 1991. Pp. Xxvi + 674. ISBN 0-86341-218-1. £59.00. [REVIEW]Sally Horrocks - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (4):492-492.
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  15.  44
    Managing Incidental Findings in Human Subjects Research: Analysis and Recommendations.Susan M. Wolf, Frances P. Lawrenz, Charles A. Nelson, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Mildred K. Cho, Ellen Wright Clayton, Joel G. Fletcher, Michael K. Georgieff, Dale Hammerschmidt, Kathy Hudson, Judy Illes, Vivek Kapur, Moira A. Keane, Barbara A. Koenig, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Elizabeth G. McFarland, Jordan Paradise, Lisa S. Parker, Sharon F. Terry, Brian Van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):219-248.
    No consensus yet exists on how to handle incidental fnd-ings in human subjects research. Yet empirical studies document IFs in a wide range of research studies, where IFs are fndings beyond the aims of the study that are of potential health or reproductive importance to the individual research participant. This paper reports recommendations of a two-year project group funded by NIH to study how to manage IFs in genetic and genomic research, as well as imaging research. We conclude that researchers (...)
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  16. The Problem of God in Modern Thought.Philip Clayton - 2000 - Ars Disputandi 1.
     
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  17. The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion.Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume introduces readers to emergence theory, outlines the major arguments in its defence, and summarizes the most powerful objections against it. It provides the clearest explication yet of this exciting new theory of science, which challenges the reductionist approach by proposing the continuous emergence of novel phenomena.
  18. Why We Should Allow Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sport.Julian Savulescu, Bennett Foddy & M. Clayton - 2004 - British Journal of Sports Medicine 38:666-670.
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  19.  22
    Addressing the Ethical Challenges in Genetic Testing and Sequencing of Children.Ellen Wright Clayton - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (3):3-9.
    American Academy of Pediatrics and American College of Medical Genetics recently provided two recommendations about predictive genetic testing of children. The Clinical Sequencing Exploratory Research Consortium's Pediatrics Working Group compared these recommendations, focusing on operational and ethical issues specific to decision making for children. Content analysis of the statements addresses two issues: how these recommendations characterize and analyze locus of decision making, as well as the risks and benefits of testing, and whether the guidelines conflict or come to different but (...)
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  20. Conceptual Foundations of Emergence Theory.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--31.
     
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  21. On Emergence, Agency, and Organization.Stuart Kauffman & Philip Clayton - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (4):501-521.
    Ultimately we will only understand biological agency when we have developed a theory of the organization of biological processes, and science is still a long way from attaining that goal. It may be possible nonetheless to develop a list of necessary conditions for the emergence of minimal biological agency. The authors offer a model of molecular autonomous agents which meets the five minimal physical conditions that are necessary (and, we believe, conjointly sufficient) for applying agential language in biology: autocatalytic reproduction; (...)
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  22. Understanding the Unpredictable: Beyond Traditional Research on Mergers and Acquisitions.Byron C. Clayton - 2010 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 12 (3):1-19.
     
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  23.  65
    When God Commands Disobedience: Political Liberalism and Unreasonable Religions.Matthew Clayton & David Stevens - 2014 - Res Publica 20 (1):65-84.
    Some religiously devout individuals believe divine command can override an obligation to obey the law where the two are in conflict. At the extreme, some individuals believe that acts of violence that seek to change or punish a political community, or to prevent others from violating what they take to be God’s law, are morally justified. In the face of this apparent clash between religious and political commitments it might seem that modern versions of political morality—such as John Rawls’s political (...)
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  24.  19
    God and Contemporary Science.Philip Clayton - 1997 - Eerdmans.
    This series relates past thought from the history of Western theological traditions to areas of contemporary concern in fresh, innovative, and constructive ways.
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  25.  25
    Informed Consent and Biobanks.Ellen Wright Clayton - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (1):15-21.
  26.  6
    On Agency, Emergence and Organization.Philip Clayton & Stuart A. Kauffman - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (4):501-521.
  27. Episodic Memory: What Can Animals Remember About Their Past?Daniel Griffiths, Anthony Dickinson & Nicola Clayton - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (2):74-80.
  28. Social Cognition by Food-Caching Corvids: The Western Scrub-Jay as a Natural Psychologist.Nicola S. Clayton, Joanna M. Dally & Emery & J. Nathan - 2007 - In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. Oxford University Press.
  29.  61
    Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science.Philip Clayton (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    In addition to treatments of questions of methodology and implications for life and practice, the Handbook includes sections devoted to the major scientific ...
  30. Emergence From Quantum Physics to Religion: A Critical Appraisal.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In P. Davies & P. Clayton (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 303.
     
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  31. Quantum Mechanics: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action 5.R. J. Russell, Philip Clayton, Kirk Wegter-McNelly & John Polkinghorne (eds.) - 2002 - Vatican Observatory Publications.
     
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  32.  16
    Incidental Findings in Genetics Research Using Archived DNA.Ellen Wright Clayton - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):286-291.
    Despite calls by some commentators for disclosing incidental fndings in genetics research, several factors weigh in favor of caution. The technology of genetics has the power to uncover a vast array of information. The most potent argument for restraint in disclosure is that much research is pursued without consent so that the individual participant may not know that research is being conducted at all. Often the work is done by investigators and at institutions with which the person has no prior (...)
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  33. Emergence From Physics to Theology: Toward a Panoramic View.Philip Clayton - 2006 - Zygon 41 (3):675-687.
  34.  46
    Prometheus to Proust: The Case for Behavioural Criteria for ‘Mental Time Travel’.Nicola S. Clayton, Timothy J. Bussey, Nathan J. Emery & Anthony Dickinson - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (10):436-437.
  35.  23
    The Predicament of Belief: Science, Philosophy, and Faith.Philip Clayton & Steven Knapp - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Can it make sense for someone who appreciates the explanatory power of modern science to continue believing in a traditional religious account of the ultimate nature and purpose of our universe?
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  36.  48
    Panentheisms East and West.Philip Clayton - 2010 - Sophia 49 (2):183-191.
    In the West panentheism is known as the view that the world is contained within the divine, though God is also more than the world. I trace the history of this school of philosophy in both Eastern and Western traditions. Although the term is not widely known, the position in fact draws together a broad range of important positions in 20th and 21st century metaphysics, theology, and philosophy of religion. I conclude with some reflections on the practical importance of this (...)
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  37.  33
    “Human Non-Subjects Research”: Privacy and Compliance.Kyle Bertram Brothers & Ellen Wright Clayton - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):15-17.
  38. Elements of Episodic-Like Memory in Animals.N. S. Clayton, D. P. Griffiths, N. J. Emery & A. Dickenson - 2001 - In Alan Baddeley, John Aggleton & Martin Conway (eds.), Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research. Oxford University Press.
     
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  39.  33
    Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture.Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Why are humans so clever? This book explores the idea that this cleverness has evolved through the increasing complexity of social groups. It brings together contributions from leaders in the field, examining social intelligence in different animal species and exploring its development, evolution and the brain systems upon which it depends.
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  40.  65
    Rawls and Natural Aristocracy.Matthew Clayton - 2001 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 1 (3):239-259.
    The author discusses Rawls’s conception of socioeconomic justice, Democratic Equality. He contrasts Rawls’s account, which includes the difference principle constrained by the principle of fair equality of opportunity, with Natural Aristocracy, which constrains the difference principle only by the principle of careers open to talents. According to the author, many of Rawls’s own arguments support NaturalAristocracy over Democratic Equality. In particular, Natural Aristocracy appears well placed to avoid a challenge that naturally arises in consideration of Democratic Equality, with respect to (...)
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  41.  76
    On Widening Participation in Higher Education Through Positive Discrimination.Matthew Clayton - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (3):414-431.
    Notwithstanding an ongoing concern about the low representation of certain groups in higher education, there is reluctance on the part of politicians and policy makers to adopt positive discrimination as an appropriate means of widening participation. This article offers an account of the different objections to positive discrimination and, thereafter, clarifies and criticises the view that universities ought to select those applicants who are expected to be most successful as students. It distinguishes arguments from meritocracy, desert, respect, and productivity and (...)
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  42. Neuroscience, the Person, and God: An Emergentist Account.Philip Clayton - 1999 - In Zygon. Notre Dame: University Notre Dame Press. pp. 613-652.
  43. Cognitive Adaptations of Social Bonding in Birds.Nathan J. Emery, Amanda M. Seed, Auguste M. P. Von Bayern & Clayton & S. Nicola - 2007 - In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. Oxford University Press.
     
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  44. Origins of Spatial, Temporal and Numerical Cognition: Insights From Comparative Psychology.Daniel B. M. Haun, Fiona M. Jordan, Giorgio Vallortigara & Nicky S. Clayton - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (12):552-560.
  45. Equality, Justice and Legitimacy in Selection.Matthew Clayton - 2012 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (1):8-30.
    The claim that the ideal of equality has a role to play in the critique of discrimination in employment and education has been rejected by a number of philosophers. Certain anti-egalitarians argue that the appeal to equality is redundant; others that egalitarianism misdirects us or fails to explain our special hostility towards discrimination. This article sketches an egalitarian conception of justice in selection and explains what is distinctive about such conceptions. Thereafter, it attempts to rebut the important objections that have (...)
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  46. Neuroscience and the Person: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action.Philip Clayton - 1999 - Notre Dame: University Notre Dame Press.
  47.  95
    Open Panentheism and Creatio Ex Nihilo.Philip Clayton - 2008 - Process Studies 37 (1):166-183.
    Open theism represents an important mediating position between more traditional or evangelical theology and process thought. But open theists have in general failed to engage panentheism. The increasingly significant role of panentheism not only in process thought but now across the theological spectrum—including among evangelical thinkers—suggests a new mediating position, open panentheism. Its panentheistic themes allow this new constructive theology to draw more deeply from process sources than most open theists do. At the same time, along with more traditional theologies, (...)
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  48. Emergence, Supervenience, and Personal Knowledge.Philip Clayton - 2002 - Tradition and Discovery 29 (3):8-19.
    Michael Polanyi was perhaps the most important emergence theorist of the middle of the 20th century. As the key link between the British Emergentists of the 1920s and the explosion of emergence theory in the 1990s, he played a crucial role in resisting reductionist interpretations of science and keeping the concept of emergence alive. Polanyi’s position on emergence is described and its major strengths and weaknesses are analyzed. Using Polanyi as the foundation, the article surveys the major contemporary options in (...)
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  49. Are Animals Stuck in Time or Are They Chronesthetic Creatures?N. S. Clayton, J. Russell & A. Dickinson - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (1):59-71.
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  50.  8
    A Cognitive and an Affective Dimension of Alexithymia in Six Languages and Seven Populations.Bob Bermond, Kymbra Clayton, Alla Liberova, Olivier Luminet, Tomasz Maruszewski, Pio E. Ricci Bitti, Bernard Rimé, Harrie H. Vorst, Hugh Wagner & Jelte Wicherts - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (5):1125-1136.
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