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Sally J. Scholz [71]Sally Scholz [8]Sally I. Scholz [1]Sally Jean Scholz [1]
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Sally J. Scholz
Villanova University
  1. Political Solidarity.Sally J. Scholz - 2008 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Experiences of solidarity have figured prominently in the politics of the modern era, from the rallying cry of liberation theology for solidarity with the poor and oppressed, through feminist calls for sisterhood, to such political movements as Solidarity in Poland. Yet very little academic writing has focused on solidarity in conceptual rather than empirical terms. Sally Scholz takes on this critical task here. She lays the groundwork for a theory of political solidarity, asking what solidarity means and how it differs (...)
  2.  80
    That All Children Should Be Free: Beauvoir, Rousseau, and Childhood.Sally J. Scholz - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (2):394 - 411.
    Simone de Beauvoir offers one of the most interesting philosophical accounts of childhood, and, as numerous scholars have argued, it is one of the most important contributions that she made to existentialism. Beauvoir stressed the importance of childhood on one's ability to assume one's freedom. This radically changed how freedom was construed for existentialism. Rather than positing an adult subjectivity that tries to flee freedom through bad faith, Beauvoir's account forces a recognition of a situated freedom that itself is also (...)
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  3.  94
    Seeking Solidarity.Sally J. Scholz - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (10):725-735.
    Using relations of solidarity in global contexts, this article explores some of the debates about what constitutes solidarity. Three primary forms of solidarity are discussed, with particular attention to the different nature of the solidaristic relations and their moral obligations.
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  4.  31
    Political Solidarity and the More-Than-Human World.Sally J. Scholz - 2013 - Ethics and the Environment 18 (2):81-99.
    In Political Solidarity, I argue that political solidarity is a relation between humans against an injustice that is human in origin. I further argue that political solidarity requires a decision-making model that acknowledges differences in social and epistemological privilege while also seeking to understand the situation of oppression or injustice and acknowledging “multiple, overlapping, and at times contradictory knowledge claims.” However, because of unequal commitments to solidaristic aims and because of a variety of methods for enacting solidaristic commitments, I argue (...)
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  5.  26
    Solidarity as a Human Right.Sally Scholz - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 72:135-138.
    I argue that the right to solidarity may be understood as the negative right not to be hindered by social vulnerabilities in the exercise of citizen rights. I define social vulnerabilities as those vulnerabilities that result from structures of society. As a negative right, the right to solidarity shifts attention away from what is necessary for basic flourishing, and toward what is social structures that hinder full participation in other civic or political obligations and rights.
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  6. Adoption, ART, and a Re‐Conception of the Maternal Body: Toward Embodied Maternity.Sarah-Vaughan Brakman & Sally J. Scholz - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (1):54-73.
    We criticize a view of maternity that equates the natural with the genetic and biological and show how such a practice overdetermines the maternal body and the maternal experience for women who are mothers through adoption and ART . As an alternative, we propose a new framework designed to rethink maternal bodies through the lens of feminist embodiment. Feminist embodied maternity, as we call it, stresses the particularity of experience through subjective embodiment. A feminist embodied maternity emphasizes the physical relations (...)
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  7. Political solidarity and violent resistance.Sally J. Scholz - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (1):38–52.
    This article examines the particular moral obligations of solidarity focusing on the solidary commitment against injustice or oppression. I argue that political solidarity entails three relationships—to other participants in action, to a cause or goal, and to those outside the unity of political solidarity. These relationships inform certain obligations. Activism is one of those obligations and I argue that violent activism is incompatible with the other relations and duties of solidarity. Activists may find themselves confronted with a difficult choice between (...)
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  8. Political Solidarity and Violent Resistance.Sally J. Scholz - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (1):38-52.
    This article examines the particular moral obligations of solidarity focusing on the solidary commitment against injustice or oppression. I argue that political solidarity entails three relationships—to other participants in action, to a cause or goal, and to those outside the unity of political solidarity. These relationships inform certain obligations. Activism is one of those obligations and I argue that violent activism is incompatible with the other relations and duties of solidarity. Activists may find themselves confronted with a difficult choice between (...)
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  9.  20
    Solidarity, Social Risk, and Community Engagement.Sally J. Scholz - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):75-77.
    Volume 20, Issue 5, June 2020, Page 75-77.
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  10.  96
    Adoption, ART, and a re-conception of the maternal body: Toward embodied maternity.Sarah-Vaughan Brakman & Sally J. Scholz - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (1):54-73.
    : We criticize a view of maternity that equates the natural with the genetic and biological and show how such a practice overdetermines the maternal body and the maternal experience for women who are mothers through adoption and ART (Assisted Reproductive Technologies). As an alternative, we propose a new framework designed to rethink maternal bodies through the lens of feminist embodiment. Feminist embodied maternity, as we call it, stresses the particularity of experience through subjective embodiment. A feminist embodied maternity emphasizes (...)
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  11. Persons transformed by political solidarity.Sally Scholz - 2010 - Appraisal 8.
    The unity with others in collective action to achieve a particular goal, known as political solidarity, transforms the individual. I examine the dual nature of that personal transformation — the motivational transformation and the normative transformation — and offer a study of the relation between political solidarity and empathy. While empathy may be part of the normative transformation, I argue that it is not a necessary element of the motivational transformation. I conclude with a discussion of epistemic empathy.
     
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  12.  29
    Introduction.Carol C. Gould & Sally J. Scholz - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (1):3–6.
  13.  35
    Peacemaking in Domestic Violence: From an Ethics of Care to an Ethics of Advocacy.Sally J. Scholz - 1998 - Journal of Social Philosophy 29 (2):46-58.
  14.  7
    The Power of Literature.Sally J. Scholz - 2017 - In Laura Hengehold & Nancy Bauer (eds.), A Companion to Simone de Beauvoir. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 379–389.
    Simone de Beauvoir's Les Mandarins is a moving chronicle of post‐World War II France. It explores the role of the intellectual in movements for social change and questions the power of literature. Les Mandarins is also a vivid example of Beauvoir's conception of the metaphysical novel, evoking the ambiguity of existence and communicating lived experience with the reader. This chapter offers an interpretation of Les Mandarins in light of Beauvoir's thoughts on the metaphysical novel.
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  15.  5
    Solidarity across Generations.Sally Scholz - 2024 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 14 (1):28-52.
    Transgenerational political solidarity disrupts the dominant framing that identifies conflict between generations-the “problem of generations”-as the driver of social change. Political solidarity across generations offers a way of thinking about social justice movements as contributing elements to global social justice efforts through their work in acknowledging the historical rootedness of structural injustice and their commitment to continually reimagine solidarities. Attending to features of transgenerational political solidarity is useful for theorists learning from engaged work on the ground. Transgenerational political solidarity - (...)
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  16.  16
    Engaged Respect.Sally J. Scholz - 2015 - Social Philosophy Today 31:151-160.
    In this tribute to Jean Harvey, I take up a project that she left unfinished: the articulation of an account of engaged respect. Building on her discussion of facets of the moral community—namely self-respect, the irreducibly individual nature of oppression and interactional justice, education and empathetic understanding, and moral solidarity—I suggest we can discern a Harveyian conception of engaged respect. Harvey acknowledges the fallibility of human beings, including well-meaning moral actors responding to their moral obligation to ameliorate relations of oppression. (...)
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  17.  81
    Just War Theory, Crimes of War, and War Rape.Sally Scholz - 2006 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 20 (1):143-157.
    Recent decades have witnessed rape and sexual violence used on such a massive scale and often in a widespread and systematic program that the international community has had to recognize that rape and sexual violence are not just war crimes but might be crimes against humanity or even genocide. I suggest that just war theory, while limited in its applicability to mass rape, might nevertheless offer some framework for making the determination of when sexual violence and rape constitute war crimes, (...)
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  18.  15
    How to be Authentic: Simone de Beauvoir and the Quest for Fulfillment.Sally J. Scholz - 2023 - The Philosophers' Magazine 99:84-86.
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  19.  11
    Moral Implications of the Battered Woman Syndrome.Sally J. Scholz - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 42:134-139.
    The Battered Woman Syndrome, like the Cycle Theory of Violence, helps to illuminate the situation of the person victimized by domestic violence. However, it may also contribute to the violence of the battering situation. In this paper, I explore some of the implications of the Battered Woman Syndrome for domestic violence cases wherein an abused woman kills her abuser. I begin by delineating some of the circumstances of a domestic violence situation. I then discuss the particular moral issue of subjectivity (...)
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  20.  37
    Seven Principles for Better Practical Ethics.Sally J. Scholz - 1996 - Teaching Philosophy 19 (4):337-355.
    This paper attends to the question of how to effectively teach ethics in universities. The author challenges the accepted skepticism amongst other disciplines that philosophers are no longer equipped to teach ethics courses to accommodate the moral demands of the contemporary world. Philosophers are believed to merely focus on abstract issues concerning moral attitudes and behavior. Currently, ethics courses in universities have replaced abstract moral issues of moral theory with concrete issues such as, homosexuality, the green house effect, pornography, and (...)
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  21.  3
    Trust in Solidarity.Sally J. Scholz - 2023 - Rivista di Estetica 82:16-29.
    This article examines the relationship between trust and solidarity. Juxtaposing trust and solidarity reveals how they are different and how they recursively build on each other. By looking specifically at trust in political solidarity, I argue for an account of trust within solidarity movements for social change, one that suggests avenues for creating and building trust, rather than merely presuming it. Finally, reflecting on the interplay between trust and solidarity, I end with a nod to the transformative impact of solidarity (...)
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  22.  85
    The Duty of Solidarity.Sally J. Scholz - 1997 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 4 (3):24-33.
    Catholic Social Teaching of late has a lot more in common with feminist moral theory than might be evident at first glance. After a brief explanation of Catholic Social Teaching’s duty of solidarity, and a look at some of the feminist critiques of this solidarity, I point out some of the significant similarities between feminist ethics and the duty of solidarity. The last section focuses on community and care, the epistemological role of experience and the world view of the other, (...)
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  23.  43
    The Teaching Demonstration.Sally J. Scholz - 2020 - Teaching Philosophy 43 (3):331-356.
    This article seeks to shine some light on the teaching demonstration from the perspective of observers using three guiding attributes of effective teaching: connection, commitment, and coachability. Discussing what observers are looking for and how observers interpret what is seen, the article presents the basic forms, common myths, and practical wisdom for teaching demonstrations. By reframing the goals of the teaching demonstration, the article demystifies a key part of the campus interview for the academic job market.
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  24.  21
    Graduate Seminars and the Climate Problem in Philosophy.Sally J. Scholz - 2023 - Teaching Philosophy 46 (1):41-63.
    Designing a successful graduate seminar should account for more than just the content to be conveyed and the completion of the standard seminar paper. This article dissects the seminar structure, revealing some of what is obscured by the “hidden curriculum” of graduate education, with an eye toward transforming the climate in philosophy. I begin with a brief review of literature on graduate teaching and inclusive teaching in philosophy. I then examine four components of a typical graduate seminar: the faculty instructor (...)
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  25.  6
    Revolutionary Hope: Essays in Honor of William L. Mcbride.Matthew Abraham, Matthew C. Ally, Joseph Catalano, Thomas Flynn, Lewis Gordon, Leonard Harris, Sonia Kruks, Martin Beck Matustik, Constance Mui, Julien Murphy, Ronald Santoni, Sally Scholz, Calvin Schrag & Shane Wahl (eds.) - 2013 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Over the course of the last four decades, William Leon McBride has distinguished himself as one of the most esteemed and accomplished philosophers of his generation. This volume—which celebrates the occasion of his seventy-fifth birthday—includes contributions from colleagues, friends, and formers students and pays tribute to McBride’s considerable achievements as a teacher, mentor, and scholar.
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  26.  27
    Virtuous Bacchanalia.Chiji Akoma & Sally Scholz - 2009 - CLR James Journal 15 (1):206-227.
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  27.  15
    Virtuous Bacchanalia.Chiji Akoma & Sally Scholz - 2009 - CLR James Journal 15 (1):206-227.
  28.  34
    Philosophical Perspectives on Democracy in the 21st Century.Ann E. Cudd & Sally J. Scholz (eds.) - 2013 - Cham: Springer.
    Chapter. 1. Philosophical. Perspectives. on. Democracy. in. the. Twenty-First. Century: Introduction. Ann E. Cudd and Sally J. Scholz Abstract Recent global movements, including the Arab Spring, the Occupy Movement, as well as polarizing ...
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  29.  27
    The Critical Pragmatism of Alain Locke: A Reader on Value Theory, Aesthetics, Community, Culture, Race, and Education.Nancy Fraser, Astrid Franke, Sally J. Scholz, Mark Helbling, Judith M. Green, Richard Shusterman, Beth J. Singer, Jane Duran, Earl L. Stewart, Richard Keaveny, Rudolph V. Vanterpool, Greg Moses, Charles Molesworth, Verner D. Mitchell, Clevis Headley, Kenneth W. Stikkers, Talmadge C. Guy, Laverne Gyant, Rudolph A. Cain, Blanche Radford Curry, Segun Gbadegesin, Stephen Lester Thompson & Paul Weithman (eds.) - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In its comprehensive overview of Alain Locke's pragmatist philosophy this book captures the radical implications of Locke's approach within pragmatism, the critical temper embedded in Locke's works, the central role of power and empowerment of the oppressed and the concept of broad democracy Locke employed.
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  30.  19
    Sympathy and Solidarity and Other Essays (review).Sally J. Scholz - 2004 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 18 (4):336-338.
  31.  12
    Simone de Beauvoir: Philosophical Writings. Margaret A. Simons with Marybeth Timmermann and Mary Beth Mader. Urbana: University of Virginia Press, 2004.Sally J. Scholz - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (3):197-201.
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  32.  25
    The Other Within: Ethics, Politics, and the Body in Simone de Beauvoir (review).Sally J. Scholz - 2006 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 20 (3):248-250.
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  33.  7
    AIDD, Autonomy, and Military Ethics.Sally J. Scholz - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (7):1-3.
    In “Artificial Intelligence, Social Media and Depression,” Laacke and colleagues consider the ethical implications of artificial intelligence depression detector tools to assist pract...
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  34.  31
    A Feminist Look at Ferdinand Schoeman’s Privacy and Social Freedom.Sally J. Scholz - 1996 - Social Philosophy Today 12:267-275.
  35.  8
    A Feminist Look at Ferdinand Schoeman’s Privacy and Social Freedom.Sally J. Scholz - 1996 - Social Philosophy Today 12:267-275.
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  36.  24
    Crossing Borders—Editor's Introduction.Sally J. Scholz - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (2):231-239.
  37. Civil Disobedience in the Social Theory of Thomas Aquinas.Sally J. Scholz - 1996 - The Thomist 60 (3):449-462.
    In this article I define civil disobedience and classify it into four forms based on motive and extent of dissent. I then present Thomas Aquinas's account for justified civil disobedience. After first determining how a law or system of laws is unjust, the duty (virtue) of obedience to just and unjust laws is discussed. Finally, I argue that of the four possible forms of civil disobedience, Aquinas's natural Law Theory only clearly allows the fourth, i.e., altruistic disobedience of an unjust (...)
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  38.  5
    Dyadic Deliberation versus Discursive Democracy.Sally J. Scholz - 2002 - Political Theory 30 (5):746-750.
  39.  15
    Existence, Freedom, and the Festival.Sally J. Scholz - 2012 - In Shannon M. Mussett & William S. Wilkerson (eds.), Beauvoir and Western Thought From Plato to Butler. State University of New York Press. pp. 35-54.
    In this paper, I argue that Simone de Beauvoir’s discussion of festivals appropriates Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s own account of the festival and its place in understanding freedom. I begin with a brief summary of Rousseau’s conflicting accounts of the festival from his Discourse on the Origin of Inequality Among Mankind and the Letter to M. D’Alembert. The contrast of these two texts reveals Rousseau’s conception of freedom as circumscribed by the community. Although Rousseau has an idealized virtuous community in mind, the (...)
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  40.  17
    Editors' Introduction.Sally J. Scholz & Shelley Wilcox - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (2):267-268.
  41.  26
    From Global Justice to Global Solidarity.Sally J. Scholz - 2008 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 17 (1):2-8.
  42.  47
    Feminist Political Solidarity.Sally J. Scholz - 2009 - In Lisa Tessman (ed.), Feminist Ethics and Social and Political Philosophy: Theorizing the Non-Ideal. Springer. pp. 205--220.
    This article examines some of the conceptual history of collective political action within feminist movements beginning with sisterhood and moving to feminist political solidarity. I argue that feminist political solidarity is built on a commitment by individuals to form a unity in opposition to injustice or oppression. Three moral relations emerge from this understanding of feminist political solidarity: the relation to the cause, the relation among members of the solidary group, and the relation between the solidary group and the larger (...)
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  43. Human Rights, Radical Feminism, and Rape in War.Sally J. Scholz - 2005 - Social Philosophy Today 21:207-224.
    This paper looks at some prominent discussions of rape in war as a violation of human rights within Radical Feminism. I begin with a brief overview of United Nations declarations and actions on the subject of rape in war. I then look at some radical feminist accounts of rape in war as a violation of human rights with particular emphasis on the discussions of Susan Brownmiller and Catharine MacKinnon. I conclude the paper with a critical analysis of these radical feminist (...)
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  44.  12
    Human Rights, Radical Feminism, and Rape in War.Sally J. Scholz - 2005 - Social Philosophy Today 21:207-224.
    This paper looks at some prominent discussions of rape in war as a violation of human rights within Radical Feminism. I begin with a brief overview of United Nations declarations and actions on the subject of rape in war. I then look at some radical feminist accounts of rape in war as a violation of human rights with particular emphasis on the discussions of Susan Brownmiller and Catharine MacKinnon. I conclude the paper with a critical analysis of these radical feminist (...)
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  45.  18
    Individual and Community: Artistic Representation in Alain L. Locke's Politics.Sally J. Scholz - 2003 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 39 (3):491 - 502.
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  46.  32
    Innocence and Vulnerability.Sally J. Scholz - 2012 - Social Philosophy Today 28:167-176.
    In Stephen Nathanson’s important new book, he offers and defends a definition of terrorism that relies on a conception of innocence that blends both moral innocence and status innocence. I argue that this understanding of innocence needs to be modified in two ways. First, status innocence ought to incorporate the notion of opposition. It is not just in becoming a soldier that one sacrifices status innocence; it is in the context of war or opposition. Second, I argue that moral innocence (...)
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  47.  11
    Innocence and Vulnerability.Sally J. Scholz - 2012 - Social Philosophy Today 28:167-176.
    In Stephen Nathanson’s important new book, he offers and defends a definition of terrorism that relies on a conception of innocence that blends both moral innocence and status innocence. I argue that this understanding of innocence needs to be modified in two ways. First, status innocence ought to incorporate the notion of opposition. It is not just in becoming a soldier that one sacrifices status innocence; it is in the context of war or opposition. Second, I argue that moral innocence (...)
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  48.  37
    Iris Marion Young on responsible intervention: reimagining humanitarian intervention.Sally J. Scholz - 2017 - Journal of Global Ethics 13 (1):70-89.
    Iris Marion Young took a strong stance against humanitarian intervention and other so-called legitimate instances of what she calls ‘official violence’. Nevertheless, she was also aware that there may be some situations for which military humanitarian intervention should at least be considered. Young was concerned that some states will use their obligation to defend against human rights violations as a mechanism in securing or maintaining global dominance. In addition, she recognized that what counts as a violation of human rights is (...)
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  49.  35
    March Madness.Sally J. Scholz & Eric Riviello - 2008 - Teaching Philosophy 31 (2):141-150.
    What is at stake when students sell the highly sought-after basketball tickets they receive for free through a university’s lottery system? This article discusses a case in applied ethics taken from the experience of college students and extrapolates from that to the distribution of other scarce resources using lotteries. By examining an event relevant to the actual experience of students, we challenge them to see how normative moral theory may be used and what values are central to moral decision-making. The (...)
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  50.  13
    March Madness.Sally J. Scholz & Eric Riviello - 2008 - Teaching Philosophy 31 (2):141-150.
    What is at stake when students sell the highly sought-after basketball tickets they receive for free through a university’s lottery system? This article discusses a case in applied ethics taken from the experience of college students and extrapolates from that to the distribution of other scarce resources using lotteries. By examining an event relevant to the actual experience of students, we challenge them to see how normative moral theory may be used and what values are central to moral decision-making. The (...)
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