Results for 'Salvatore Vasta'

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Salvatore Vasta
University of Catania
  1.  74
    A New “Essential Tension” for Rationality and Culture. What Happens If Politics Tries to Encounter Science Again.Salvatore Vasta - 2010 - Axiomathes 20 (1):129-143.
    My intention is not to get into specific, detailed historical observation about the ways that led the term ‘democracy’ to take on its current meaning, in science as much as in politics, but rather to establish a comparison between the models that political science proposes and interprets as important for the existence of democracy and those that science illustrates as indicators of scientific knowledge constructed in a democratic form. The debate about the contemporary meaning of democracy has generated an extraordinary (...)
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  2.  13
    10. The Place of Nicolai Hartmann’s Ontology in Konrad Lorenz’s Epistemology.Salvatore Vasta - 2016 - In Roberto Poli & Keith Peterson (eds.), New Research on the Philosophy of Nicolai Hartmann. De Gruyter. pp. 191-206.
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  3. La Scienza E la Critica Del Linguaggio a Cura di Salvatore Natoli.Salvatore Natoli & G. Checchin - 1980 - Marsillo.
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  4.  30
    Sounds and Scents in Action.Salvatore M. Aglioti & Mariella Pazzaglia - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (2):47-55.
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  5. On the Innocence and Determinacy of Plural Quantification.Salvatore Florio & Øystein Linnebo - 2016 - Noûs 50 (3):565–583.
    Plural logic is widely assumed to have two important virtues: ontological innocence and determinacy. It is claimed to be innocent in the sense that it incurs no ontological commitments beyond those already incurred by the first-order quantifiers. It is claimed to be determinate in the sense that it is immune to the threat of non-standard interpretations that confronts higher-order logics on their more traditional, set-based semantics. We challenge both claims. Our challenge is based on a Henkin-style semantics for plural logic (...)
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  6.  34
    Awareness and Partitional Information Structures.Salvatore Modica & Aldo Rustichini - 1994 - Theory and Decision 37 (1):107-124.
  7. Plurals and Mereology.Salvatore Florio & David Nicolas - 2021 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 50 (3):415-445.
    In linguistics, the dominant approach to the semantics of plurals appeals to mereology. However, this approach has received strong criticisms from philosophical logicians who subscribe to an alternative framework based on plural logic. In the first part of the article, we offer a precise characterization of the mereological approach and the semantic background in which the debate can be meaningfully reconstructed. In the second part, we deal with the criticisms and assess their logical, linguistic, and philosophical significance. We identify four (...)
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  8. Metalogic and the Overgeneration Argument.Salvatore Florio & Luca Incurvati - 2019 - Mind 128 (511):761-793.
    A prominent objection against the logicality of second-order logic is the so-called Overgeneration Argument. However, it is far from clear how this argument is to be understood. In the first part of the article, we examine the argument and locate its main source, namely, the alleged entanglement of second-order logic and mathematics. We then identify various reasons why the entanglement may be thought to be problematic. In the second part of the article, we take a metatheoretic perspective on the matter. (...)
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  9.  1
    Emotional Suppression and Oneiric Expression in Psychosomatic Disorders: Early Manifestations in Emerging Adulthood and Young Patients.Salvatore Settineri, Fabio Frisone, Angela Alibrandi & Emanuele Maria Merlo - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  10.  69
    Integrating Face and Voice in Person Perception.Salvatore Campanella & Pascal Belin - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (12):535-543.
  11. Unrestricted Quantification.Salvatore Florio - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (7):441-454.
    Semantic interpretations of both natural and formal languages are usually taken to involve the specification of a domain of entities with respect to which the sentences of the language are to be evaluated. A question that has received much attention of late is whether there is unrestricted quantification, quantification over a domain comprising absolutely everything there is. Is there a discourse or inquiry that has absolute generality? After framing the debate, this article provides an overview of the main arguments for (...)
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  12. Plural Logic and Sensitivity to Order.Salvatore Florio & David Nicolas - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (3):444-464.
    Sentences that exhibit sensitivity to order (e.g. 'John and Mary arrived at school in that order' and 'Mary and John arrived at school in that order') present a challenge for the standard formulation of plural logic. In response, some authors have advocated new versions of plural logic based on fine-grained notions of plural reference, such as serial reference (Hewitt 2012) and articulated reference (Ben-Yami 2013). The aim of this article is to show that sensitivity to order should be accounted for (...)
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  13.  21
    Symbolic Universes Between Present and Future of Europe. First Results of the Map of European Societies' Cultural Milieu.Sergio Salvatore, Viviana Fini, Terri Mannarini, Giuseppe Alessandro Veltri, Evrinomi Avdi, Fiorella Battaglia, Jörge Castro-Tejerina, Enrico Ciavolino, Marco Cremaschi, Irini Kadianaki, Nikita A. Kharlamov, Anna Krasteva, Katrin Kullasepp, Anastassios Matsopoulos, Claudia Meschiari, Piergiorgio Mossi, Polivios Psinas, Rozlyn Redd, Alessia Rochira, Alfonso Santarpia, Gordon Sammut, Jaan Valsiner & Antonella Valmorbida - 2018 - PLoS ONE 13 (1).
    This paper reports the framework, method and main findings of an analysis of cultural milieus in 4 European countries. The analysis is based on a questionnaire applied to a sample built through a two-step procedure of post-hoc random selection from a broader dataset based on an online survey. Responses to the questionnaire were subjected to multidimensional analysis-a combination of Multiple Correspondence Analysis and Cluster Analysis. We identified 5 symbolic universes, that correspond to basic, embodied, affect-laden, generalized worldviews. People in this (...)
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  14. Semantics and the Plural Conception of Reality.Salvatore Florio - 2014 - Philosophers' Imprint 14:1-20.
    According to the singular conception of reality, there are objects and there are singular properties, i.e. properties that are instantiated by objects separately. It has been argued that semantic considerations about plurals give us reasons to embrace a plural conception of reality. This is the view that, in addition to singular properties, there are plural properties, i.e. properties that are instantiated jointly by many objects. In this article, I propose and defend a novel semantic account of plurals which dispenses with (...)
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  15.  66
    Untyped Pluralism.Salvatore Florio - 2014 - Mind 123 (490):317-337.
    In the semantic debate about plurals, pluralism is the view that a plural term denotes some things in the domain of quantification and a plural predicate denotes a plural property, i.e. a property that can be instantiated by many things jointly. According to a particular version of this view, untyped pluralism, there is no type distinction between objects and properties. In this article, I argue against untyped pluralism by showing that it is subject to a variant of a Russell-style argument (...)
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  16.  13
    The Vitruvian Man of Leonardo da Vinci as a Representation of an Operational Approach to Knowledge.Salvatore Magazù, Nella Coletta & Federica Migliardo - 2019 - Foundations of Science 24 (4):751-773.
    The Vitruvian Man of Leonardo da Vinci is one of the most famous and most studied drawings over the world as well as one of the most reproduced ones, e.g. in coins, space suit patches, books and movies. The aim of the present work is to discuss the Vitruvian Man as a figurative representation of the Leonardo’s scientific method. Our analysis is based on scientific elements both present in the drawing and provided by Leonardo in his approach to this drawing. (...)
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  17. Overgeneration in the Higher Infinite.Salvatore Florio & Luca Incurvati - forthcoming - In Gil Sagi & Jack Woods (eds.), The Semantic Conception of Logic: Essays on Consequence, Invariance, and Meaning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    The Overgeneration Argument is a prominent objection against the model-theoretic account of logical consequence for second-order languages. In previous work we have offered a reconstruction of this argument which locates its source in the conflict between the neutrality of second-order logic and its alleged entanglement with mathematics. Some cases of this conflict concern small large cardinals. In this article, we show that in these cases the conflict can be resolved by moving from a set-theoretic implementation of the model-theoretic account to (...)
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  18.  42
    Una Via Che Conduce Al Divino: La Homoiosis Theo Nella Filosofia di Platone.Salvatore Lavecchia - 2006 - V&P.
  19.  54
    Integrating Induction and Deduction for Finding Evidence of Discrimination.Salvatore Ruggieri, Dino Pedreschi & Franco Turini - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (1):1-43.
    We present a reference model for finding evidence of discrimination in datasets of historical decision records in socially sensitive tasks, including access to credit, mortgage, insurance, labor market and other benefits. We formalize the process of direct and indirect discrimination discovery in a rule-based framework, by modelling protected-by-law groups, such as minorities or disadvantaged segments, and contexts where discrimination occurs. Classification rules, extracted from the historical records, allow for unveiling contexts of unlawful discrimination, where the degree of burden over protected-by-law (...)
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  20. Set Theory, Type Theory, and Absolute Generality.Salvatore Florio & Stewart Shapiro - 2014 - Mind 123 (489):157-174.
    In light of the close connection between the ontological hierarchy of set theory and the ideological hierarchy of type theory, Øystein Linnebo and Agustín Rayo have recently offered an argument in favour of the view that the set-theoretic universe is open-ended. In this paper, we argue that, since the connection between the two hierarchies is indeed tight, any philosophical conclusions cut both ways. One should either hold that both the ontological hierarchy and the ideological hierarchy are open-ended, or that neither (...)
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  21.  61
    What Russell Should Have Said to Burali–Forti.Salvatore Florio & Graham Leach-Krouse - 2017 - Review of Symbolic Logic 10 (4):682-718.
    The paradox that appears under Burali-Forti’s name in many textbooks of set theory is a clever piece of reasoning leading to an unproblematic theorem. The theorem asserts that the ordinals do not form a set. For such a set would be—absurdly—an ordinal greater than any ordinal in the set of all ordinals. In this article, we argue that the paradox of Burali-Forti is first and foremost a problem about concept formation by abstraction, not about sets. We contend, furthermore, that some (...)
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  22. The Paradox of Idealization.Salvatore Florio & Julien Murzi - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):461-469.
    A well-known proof by Alonzo Church, first published in 1963 by Frederic Fitch, purports to show that all truths are knowable only if all truths are known. This is the Paradox of Knowability. If we take it, quite plausibly, that we are not omniscient, the proof appears to undermine metaphysical doctrines committed to the knowability of truth, such as semantic anti-realism. Since its rediscovery by Hart and McGinn (1976), many solutions to the paradox have been offered. In this article, we (...)
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  23. Introduction.Salvatore Florio - 2015 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 56 (1):1-2.
    Introduction to a special issue based on a summer school on set theory and high-order logic.
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  24.  24
    Wittgenstein: Epistemology.Nicola Claudio Salvatore - 2016 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Wittgenstein: Epistemology Although Ludwig Wittgenstein is generally more known for his works on logic and on the nature of language, but throughout his philosophical journey he reflected extensively also on epistemic notions such as knowledge, belief, doubt, and certainty. This interest is more evident in his final notebook, published posthumously as On Certainty (1969, henceforth … Continue reading Wittgenstein: Epistemology →.
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  25.  25
    Robert Boyle on God's “Experiments”: Resurrection, Immortality and Mechanical Philosophy.Salvatore Ricciardo - 2015 - Intellectual History Review 25 (1):97-113.
  26. Unrestricted Quantification and the Structure of Type Theory.Nicholas K. Jones & Salvatore Florio - 2021 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 102 (1):44-64.
    Semantic theories based on a hierarchy of types have prominently been used to defend the possibility of unrestricted quantification. However, they also pose a prima facie problem for it: each quantifier ranges over at most one level of the hierarchy and is therefore not unrestricted. It is difficult to evaluate this problem without a principled account of what it is for a quantifier to be unrestricted. Drawing on an insight of Russell’s about the relationship between quantification and the structure of (...)
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  27.  13
    Time Dependency of Psychotherapeutic Exchanges: The Contribution of the Theory of Dynamic Systems in Analyzing Process.Sergio Salvatore & Wolfgang Tschacher - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  28.  49
    On logicality and natural logic.Salvatore Pistoia-Reda & Luca San Mauro - 2021 - Natural Language Semantics 29 (3):501-506.
    In this paper we focus on the logicality of language, i.e. the idea that the language system contains a deductive device to exclude analytic constructions. Puzzling evidence for the logicality of language comes from acceptable contradictions and tautologies. The standard response in the literature involves assuming that the language system only accesses analyticities that are due to skeletons as opposed to standard logical forms. In this paper we submit evidence in support of alternative accounts of logicality, which reject the stipulation (...)
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  29.  28
    Editorial: Dynamic Systems Theory and Embodiment in Psychotherapy Research. A New Look at Process and Outcome.Sergio Salvatore, Wolfgang Tschacher, Omar C. G. Gelo & Sabine C. Koch - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  30.  21
    Compositional Homology and Creative Thinking.Salvatore Tedesco - 2015 - Aisthesis: Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 8 (1):91-100.
    The concept of homology is the most solid theoretical basis elaborated by the morphological thinking during its history. The enucleation of some general criteria for the interpretation of homology is today a fundamental tool for life sciences, and for restoring their own opening to the question of qualitative innovation that arose so powerfully in the original Darwinian project. The aim of this paper is to verify the possible uses of the concept of compositional homology in order to provide of an (...)
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  31.  97
    Covariant Majorana Formulation of Electrodynamics.Salvatore Esposito - 1998 - Foundations of Physics 28 (2):231-244.
    We construct an explicit covariant Majorana formulation of Maxwell electromagnetism which does not make use of vector 4-potential. This allows us to write a “Dirac” equation for the photon containing all the known properties of it. In particular, the spin and (intrinsic) boost matrices are derived and the helicity properties of the photon are studied.
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  32.  3
    Evolving Trends in Supply Chain Management: Complexity, New Technologies, and Innovative Methodological Approaches.Salvatore Cannella, Roberto Dominguez, Jose M. Framinan & Borja Ponte - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-3.
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  33.  5
    «Evo-Devo meets the mind». La questione dell’esperienza estetica e l’evoluzionismo contemporaneo, dall’ipotesi degli adattamenti modulari all'interpretazione sistemica dell’omologia.Salvatore Tedesco - 2013 - Rivista di Estetica 54:157-179.
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  34.  33
    Skepticism, Rules and Grammar.Nicola Claudio Salvatore - 2013 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):31-53.
    In his final notebook, published posthumously as On Certainty , Wittgenstein offers a sustained and, at least apparently, fragmentary treatment of skeptical issues. Given the ambiguity and obscurity of some of its remarks, in the recent literature on the subject we can find a number of competing interpretations of OC, particularly of the elusive concept of ‘hinges’, central to Wittgenstein’s last work. In this paper, I will discuss the dominant interpretations of OC in order to show how they fail to (...)
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  35.  14
    Brooklyn Bhikkhu: How Salvatore Cioffi Became the Venerable Lokanatha.Philip Deslippe - 2013 - Contemporary Buddhism 14 (1):169-186.
    This article provides a biographical overview of the life of the Venerable Lokanatha (1897?1966), who was born in Italy as Salvatore Cioffi and raised in Brooklyn, New York. After converting to Buddhism in his late-twenties, Lokanatha travelled to Burma, took ordination as a monk, and began a remarkable 40 year career as a writer, lecturer, organizer, and Buddhist missionary throughout South Asia and the world. Beyond biography, Lokanatha and the various responses to him are contextualized within the different cultural (...)
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  36.  46
    Evolutionary Aspects of Self- and World Consciousness in Vertebrates.Franco Fabbro, Salvatore M. Aglioti, Massimo Bergamasco, Andrea Clarici & Jaak Panksepp - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  37. Ellie Vasta and Stephen Castles (Eds), The Teeth Are Smiling: The Persistence of Racism in Multicultural Australia.J. Morton - 1997 - Thesis Eleven 51:131-131.
     
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  38.  16
    Behavioral Own-Body-Transformations in Children and Adolescents With Typical Development, Autism Spectrum Disorder, and Developmental Coordination Disorder.Soizic Gauthier, Salvatore M. Anzalone, David Cohen, Mohamed Zaoui, Mohamed Chetouani, François Villa, Alain Berthoz & Jean Xavier - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  39. Contextual Blindness in Implicature Computation.Salvatore Pistoia-Reda - 2017 - Natural Language Semantics 25 (2):109-124.
    In this paper, I defend a grammatical account of scalar implicatures. In particular, I submit new evidence in favor of the contextual blindness principle, assumed in recent versions of the grammatical account. I argue that mismatching scalar implicatures can be generated even when the restrictor of the universal quantifier in a universal alternative is contextually known to be empty. The crucial evidence consists of a hitherto unnoticed oddness asymmetry between formally analogous existential sentences with reference failure NPs. I conclude that (...)
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  40.  65
    New Media, the “Arab Spring,” and the Metamorphosis of the Public Sphere: Beyond Western Assumptions on Collective Agency and Democratic Politics.Armando Salvatore - 2013 - Constellations 20 (2):217-228.
  41. Semantica e pragmatica linguistica. Tracce di normalità nelle implicature scalari.Salvatore Pistoia-Reda - 2014 - Carocci.
    In this book an introduction to the grammatical view of the scalar implicature phenomenon is presented. A detailed overview is offered concerning the embeddability of the exhaustivity operator, and the contextual dependance of the alternatives generation process. The theoretical implications of the grammatical view with respect to the abductive character of the scalar implicature are also discussed. A pragmatic account of the assertive content is proposed in correlation with a blindness-based account of the semantic content carried by scalar sentences, in (...)
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  42.  14
    Nitriti come segni profetici: cavalli fatidici a Bisanzio (XI-XIV sec.).Salvatore Costanza - 2009 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 102 (1):1-24.
    In the later Byzantine age, historical sources mention many examples of prophecies concerning Chremetismomancy, the divination by horses' neighs. As far as we know, however, we have no earlier documents about this practice from ancient or from medieval Greece. Under the Komnenoi and Palaiologoi, to the contrary, important prophetic neighs are quoted by Anna Komnene, by Niketas Choniates and Nikephoros Gregoras. Wonders which were worked by neighing horses are of very great political consequence, relating to crucial moments such as an (...)
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  43.  16
    The Exit From a Westphalian Framing of Political Space and the Emergence of a Transnational Islamic Public.Armando Salvatore - 2007 - Theory, Culture and Society 24 (4):45-52.
  44.  30
    The Tragic Theory of Carl Schmitt.Andrea Salvatore - 2012 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2012 (161):181-187.
    The Winter 2010 issue of Telos has clearly highlighted the relevance of Carl Schmitt's Hamlet or Hecuba to both the interpretation of Schmitt's political theory and Shakespearean criticism. The main thesis concerning Schmitt's intrusion into the literary field deals with the structural relationships between historical context and tragic dimension, between politics and aesthetics; the tragic drama can be properly understood only in relation to the historical context to which it refers and the concrete situation that it aims to re-present. The (...)
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  45.  32
    Pragmatics, Semantics and the Case of Scalar Implicatures.Salvatore Pistoia-Reda (ed.) - 2014 - Palgrave.
    This book contains an advanced debate on the nature of scalar implicatures, one of the most popular topics in philosophical linguistics over the past 20 years. Leading authorities in the study of the semantics–pragmatics interface have contributed chapters from a range of perspectives; they address the crucial components of scalar implicatures, including the exhaustivity operator, alternatives and contextual optionality. The book offers an up-to-date presentation of the phenomenon of scalar implicatures in a way that will help readers to orient themselves (...)
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  46.  2
    La Priorità Del Male E l'Offerta Filosofica.Salvatore Veca - 2005 - Feltrinelli.
  47.  17
    Daniel Salvatore Schiffer, Le Dandysme, Dernier Éclat D'Héroïsme.Jan Staněk - 2012 - Estetika 49 (1):122-127.
    A review of Daniel Salvatore Schiffer´s Le dandysme, dernier éclat d’héroïsme (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2010, 302 pp. ISBN 978-2-13-058227-4).
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  48.  7
    The Tragic Theory of Carl Schmitt.A. Salvatore - 2012 - Télos 2012 (161):181-187.
  49.  21
    The Concept of Matter in Leibniz.Salvatore Russo - 1938 - Philosophical Review 47 (3):275-292.
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  50.  35
    Social Cues to Joint Actions: The Role of Shared Goals.Lucia M. Sacheli, Salvatore M. Aglioti & Matteo Candidi - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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