Results for 'Sam Hunter'

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  1.  8
    Compliant Rebellion: The Vanguard in American Art: Essay ReviewThe Painted WordSocial Realism: Art as a WeaponThe New York School: A Cultural ReckoningMarxism and ArtTopics in Recent American Art Since 1945Good Old ModernFrench Painting 1774-1830: The Age of RevolutionAesthetics and the Theory of CriticismThe Academy and French Painting in the Nineteenth Century. [REVIEW]John Adkins Richardson, Tom Wolfe, David Shapiro, Dore Ashton, Berel Lang, Forrest Williams, Lawrence Alloway, Russell Lynes, Pierre Rosenberg, Frederick Cummings, Anoine Schnapper, Robert Rosenblum, Arnold Isenberg, Albert Boime, Renato Poggioli, John Jacobus, Sam Hunter & Barbara Rose - 1976 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 10 (3/4):225.
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  2.  14
    Hunter Policing Athens: Social Control in the Attic Lawsuits, 420–320 BCPrinceton UP, 1994. Pp. Xv + 303. £25.Nick Fisher & V. J. Hunter - 1996 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 116:218-219.
  3.  28
    The Concept ‘Mind’: J.F.M. Hunter.J. F. M. Hunter - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (238):439-451.
    It is a curious thing about the philosophy of mind, that it includes surprisingly little about minds. In an average anthology on the subject, or a book like Ryle's, one finds discussions of thinking, imagining, believing, willing, remembering, and so on, but not of minds. It seems to be assumed that investigating these topics is investigating minds; but whether that is true is not itself made a topic for investigation.
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  4.  20
    Response To: ‘We Could Be Heroes: Ethical Issues with the Pre-Recruitment of Research Participants’ by D. Hunter.David Hunter - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (3):206-206.
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  5.  22
    Some Grammatical States: J. F. M. Hunter.J. F. M. Hunter - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (200):155-166.
    The following are not among the least puzzling remarks in Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations : 572. Expectation is, grammatically, a state; like: being of an opinion, hoping for something, knowing something, being able to do something. But in order to understand the grammar of these states it is necessary to ask: ‘What counts as a criterion for anyone's being in such a state?’ 573.… What, in particular cases, do we regard as criteria for someone's being of such and such an opinion? (...)
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  6.  28
    Images by Alison Hunter.Allison Hunter - 2013 - Angelaki 18 (1):99-106.
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  7.  16
    Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica. Jason and the Golden Fleece. Tr. And Comm. R. Hunter. Oxford UP, 1993. Pp. Xxxvi + 175. £25. - Clauss The Best of the Argonauts: The Redefinition of the Epic Hero in Book I of Apollonius' Argonautka. Berkeley: U of California P, 1993. Pp. Xviii + 238. $35. - Thiel Erzählung Und Beschreibung in den Argonautika des Apollonios Rhodios: Ein Beitrag Zur Poetik des Hellenistischen Epos. Stuttgart: Steiner, 1993. Pp. Xi + 263. DM 96. - Dräger Argo Pasimelousa: Der Argonautenmythos in der Griechischen Und Römischen Literatur. I: Theos Aitios. Stuttgart: Steiner, 1993. Pp. X + 400. DM 136. [REVIEW]R. J. Clare, Apollonius Rhodius, R. Hunter, J. J. Clauss, K. Thiel & P. Drager - 1996 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 116:178-181.
  8.  63
    Presuppositional Indexicals.J. Hunter - 2013 - Journal of Semantics 30 (3):381-421.
    Kaplanian, two-dimensional theories secure rigidity for indexicals by positing special contexts and semantic mechanisms reserved only for indexicals. The result is a deep and unexplained chasm between expressions that depend on the extra-linguistic context and expressions that depend on the discourse context. Theories that treat indexicals as anaphoric, presuppositional expressions (e.g., Zeevat 1999; Roberts 2002; Hunter & Asher 2005; Maier 2006, 2009) have the potential to be more minimal and general than Kaplanian, two-dimensional theories—the mechanism of presupposition, unlike that (...)
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  9. Rival Enlightenments: Civil and Metaphysical Philosophy in Early Modern Germany.Ian Hunter - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Rival Enlightenments, first published in 2001, is a major reinterpretation of early modern German intellectual history. Ian Hunter approaches philosophical doctrines as ways of fashioning personae for envisaged historical circumstances, here of confessional conflict and political desacralization. He treats the civil philosophy of Pufendorf and Thomasius and the metaphysical philosophy of Leibniz and Kant as rival intellectual cultures or paideiai, thereby challenging all histories premised on Kant's supposed reconciliation and transcendence of the field. This study reveals the extraordinary historical (...)
     
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  10.  26
    Lessons From the 'Literatory': How to Historicise Authorship.David Saunders & Ian Hunter - 1991 - Critical Inquiry 17 (3):479-509.
    Authorship has proven a magnetic topic for literary studies and is now identified as an index of the current state of literary history and theory. The significance of this topic stems from a characteristic that literary criticism shared with the other human sciences: its drive to adopt a reflexive and self-critical posture towards its own central objects and concepts. By reflecting on authorship, criticism aspires not just to describe a literary phenomenon; it also wishes to bring to light the conditions (...)
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  11.  24
    "News, and New Things": Contemporaneity and the Early English Novel.J. Paul Hunter - 1988 - Critical Inquiry 14 (3):493-515.
    The novel represents a formal attempt to come to terms with innovation and originality and to accept the limitations of tradition; it reflects the larger cultural embracing of the present moment as a legitimate subject not only for passing conversation but for serious discourse. For at least a half century before the novel emerged, the world of print had experimented in assuming, absorbing, and exploiting that new cultural consciousness based on human curiosity—on the one hand “preparing” readers for novels and (...)
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  12. Confucius Beyond the Analects.Michael Hunter - 2017 - Brill.
    In _Confucius Beyond the_ Analects, Michael Hunter challenges the standard view of the _Analects_ as the earliest and most authoritative source of the teachings.
     
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  13.  19
    Critiques of Knowing: Situated Textualities in Science, Computing, and the Arts.Lynette Hunter - 1999 - Routledge.
    Critiques of Knowing explores what happens to science and computing when we think of them as texts. Lynette Hunter elegantly weaves together such vast areas of thought as rhetoric, politics, AI, computing, feminism, science studies, aesthetics and epistemology. This book shows us that what we need is a radical shake-up of approaches to the arts if the critiques of science and computing are to come to any fruition.
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  14. Critiques of Knowing: Situated Textualities in Science, Computing and the Arts.Lynette Hunter - 1999 - Routledge.
    _Critiques of Knowing_ explores what happens to science and computing when we think of them as texts. Lynette Hunter elegantly weaves together vast areas of thought: rhetoric, politics, AI, computing, feminism, science studies, aesthetics and epistemology. _Critiques of Knowing_ shows us that what we need is a radical shake-up of approaches to the arts if the critiques of science and computing are to come to any fruition.
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  15.  31
    Science and the Good: The Tragic Quest for the Foundations of Morality.James Davison Hunter & Paul Nedelisky - 2018 - Yale University Press.
    _Why efforts to create a scientific basis of morality are doomed to fail_ In this illuminating book, James Davison Hunter and Paul Nedelisky recount the centuries-long, passionate quest to discover a scientific foundation for morality. The "new moral science" led by such figures as E.O. Wilson, Patricia Churchland and Joshua Greene is only the newest manifestation of an effort that has failed repeatedly. Though claims for its accomplishments are often wildly exaggerated, this new iteration has been no more successful (...)
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  16. Cosmology: No Dogs or Philosophers Allowed.Ken Knisely, Matt Hunter, Natasha Kyburg & Farzad Mahootian - forthcoming - DVD.
    Do the results of scientific study of the physical world give us any inkling about the value of doing metaphysics? Or is the construction of a philosophy of everything upon the insights of science building on sinking sand? With Matt Hunter, Natasha Kyburg, and Farzad Mahootian.
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  17.  92
    The Meaning of 'Most': Semantics, Numerosity and Psychology.Paul Pietroski, Jeffrey Lidz, Tim Hunter & Justin Halberda - 2009 - Mind and Language 24 (5):554-585.
    The meaning of 'most' can be described in many ways. We offer a framework for distinguishing semantic descriptions, interpreted as psychological hypotheses that go beyond claims about sentential truth conditions, and an experiment that tells against an attractive idea: 'most' is understood in terms of one-to-one correspondence. Adults evaluated 'Most of the dots are yellow', as true or false, on many trials in which yellow dots and blue dots were displayed for 200 ms. Displays manipulated the ease of using a (...)
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  18.  68
    Research Exceptionalism.James Wilson & David Hunter - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):45-54.
    Research involving human subjects is much more stringently regulated than many other nonresearch activities that appear to be at least as risky. A number of prominent figures now argue that research is overregulated. We argue that the reasons typically offered to justify the present system of research regulation fail to show that research should be subject to more stringent regulation than other equally risky activities. However, there are three often overlooked reasons for thinking that research should be treated as a (...)
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  19. Alienated Belief.David Hunter - 2011 - Dialectica 65 (2):221-240.
    This paper argues that it is possible to knowingly believe something while judging that one ought not to believe it and (so) viewing the belief as manifesting a sort of failure. I offer examples showing that such ‘alienated belief’ has several potential sources. I contrast alienated belief with self-deception, incontinent (or akratic) belief and half-belief. I argue that the possibility of alienated belief is compatible with the so-called ‘transparency’ of first-person reflection on belief, and that the descriptive and expressive difficulties (...)
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  20.  65
    Interface Transparency and the Psychosemantics of Most.Jeffrey Lidz, Paul Pietroski, Tim Hunter & Justin Halberda - 2011 - Natural Language Semantics 19 (3):227-256.
    This paper proposes an Interface Transparency Thesis concerning how linguistic meanings are related to the cognitive systems that are used to evaluate sentences for truth/falsity: a declarative sentence S is semantically associated with a canonical procedure for determining whether S is true; while this procedure need not be used as a verification strategy, competent speakers are biased towards strategies that directly reflect canonical specifications of truth conditions. Evidence in favor of this hypothesis comes from a psycholinguistic experiment examining adult judgments (...)
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  21. Global Justice and Regional Metaphysics: On the Critical History of the Law of Nature and Nations.Ian Hunter - manuscript
    Early modern natural law and the law of nations has been criticised for the Eurocentric character of its conception of law and justice, which has been in turn linked to its role in providing an ideological justification for European imperialism and colonialism. In questioning this account, the present chapter begins by noting that this historical critique presumes that a non-Eurocentric conception of law and justice was in principle available to the early moderns, which they culpably ignored for ideological reasons. If (...)
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  22. Kant's Political Thought in the Prussian Enlightenment.Ian Hunter - 2012 - In Elisabeth Ellis (ed.), Kant's Political Theory: Interpretations and Applications. Pennsylvania State University Press.
    This article provides an historical account of Kant's political, legal, and religious thought in the context of the Prussian Enlightenment.
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  23.  17
    Proportional Ethical Review and the Identification of Ethical Issues.D. Hunter - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (4):241-245.
    Presently, there is a movement in the UK research governance framework towards what is referred to as proportional ethical review. Proportional ethical review is the notion that the level of ethical review and scrutiny given to a research project ought to reflect the level of ethical risk represented by that project. Relatively innocuous research should receive relatively minimal review and relatively risky research should receive intense scrutiny. Although conceptually attractive, the notion of proportional review depends on the possibility of effectively (...)
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  24. The History of Theory.Ian Hunter - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 33 (1):78-112.
    Do you see now why it feels so good to be a critical mind? Why critique, this most ambiguous pharmakon, has become such a potent euphoric drug? You are always right! When naïve believers are clinging forcefully to their objects... you can turn all of those attachments into so many fetishes and humiliate all the believers by showing that it is nothing but their own projection, that you, yes you alone, can see. But as soon as naïve believers are thus (...)
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  25.  41
    Conservativity and Learnability of Determiners.T. Hunter & J. Lidz - 2013 - Journal of Semantics 30 (3):315-334.
    A striking cross-linguistic generalisation about the semantics of determiners is that they never express non-conservative relations. To account for this one might hypothesise that the mechanisms underlying human language acquisition are unsuited to non-conservative determiner meanings. We present experimental evidence that 4- and 5-year-olds fail to learn a novel non-conservative determiner but succeed in learning a comparable conservative determiner, consistent with the learnability hypothesis.
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  26. The History of Philosophy and the Persona of the Philosopher.Ian Hunter - 2007 - Modern Intellectual History 4 (3):571-600.
    Although history is the pre-eminent part of the gallant sciences, philosophers advise against it from fear that it might completely destroy the kingdom of darkness—that is, scholastic philosophy—which previously has been wrongly held to be a necessary instrument of theology.
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  27. Understanding and Belief.David Hunter - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (3):559-580.
    A natural view is that linguistic understanding is a source of justification or evidence: that beliefs about the meaning of a text or speech act are prima facie justified when based on states of understanding. Neglect of this view is largely due to the widely held assumption that understanding a text or speech act consists in knowledge or belief. It is argued that this assumption rests, in part, on confusing occurrent states of understanding and dispositions to understand. It is then (...)
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  28.  63
    On the Relation Between Categorical and Probabilistic Belief.Daniel Hunter - 1996 - Noûs 30 (1):75-98.
  29.  39
    Beyond Mimesis and Convention: Representation in Art and Science.Roman Frigg & Matthew Hunter (eds.) - 2008 - Boston Studies in Philosophy of Science.
    Featuring contributions from leading experts, this book represents the first collection of essays on the topic of art and science in the analytic tradition of ...
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  30.  18
    The Experiences of Ethics Committee Members: Contradictions Between Individuals and Committees.L. Elliott & D. Hunter - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (6):489-494.
    The current system of ethical review for medical research in the United Kingdom is changing from the current system involving large committees of 7–18 members reviewing every individual application to a system involving pre-review by small sub-committees of National Research Ethics Officers , who have a remit to approve studies if they believe there are no material ethical issues imposed by the research. The reliability of this new system depends on the reliability of the NREAs and in particular the ability (...)
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  31. Talking About My Generation.Ian Hunter - 2008 - Critical Inquiry 34 (3):583-600.
    This article is a response to Fredric Jameson's criticisms of the author's 'The History of Theory'. For Jameson's article, 'How Not to Historicise Theory', see Critical Inquiry, 34, Spring 2008. The author situates Jameson's arguments in the context of the historicisation of theory, treating them as an example of the theoretical program to think the historical determinations of thought. It is argued that this program is an instrument for the formation of the privileged intellectual persona of the theorist.
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  32. Soames and Widescopism.David Hunter - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 123 (3):231 - 241.
    Widescopism, as I call it, holds that names are synonymous with descriptions that are required to take wide scope over modal adverbs. Scott Soames has recently argued that Widescopism is false. He identifies an argument that is valid but which, he claims, a defender of Widescopism must say has true premises and a false conclusion. I argue, first, that a defender of Widescopism need not in fact say that the target arguments conclusion is false. Soames argument that she must confuses, (...)
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  33.  23
    Narrative, Literature, and the Clinical Exercise of Practical Reason.K. M. Hunter - 1996 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (3):303-320.
    Although science supplies medicine's “gold standard,” knowledge exercised in the care of patients is, like moral knowing, a matter of narrative, practical reason. Physicians draw on case narrative to store experience and to apply and qualify the general rules of medical science. Literature aids in this activity by stimulating moral imagination and by requiring its readers to engage in the retrospective construction of a situated, subjective account of events. Narrative truths are provisional, uncertain, derived from narrators whose standpoints are always (...)
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  34. Metalogic: An Introduction to the Metatheory of Standard First Order Logic.Geoffrey Hunter - 1971 - Berkeley: University of California Press.
    This work makes available to readers without specialized training in mathematics complete proofs of the fundamental metatheorems of standard (i.e., basically ...
  35.  15
    Internet E-Ethics in Confrontation with an Activists' Agenda: Yahoo! On Trial. [REVIEW]Marc Le Menestrel, Mark Hunter & Henri-Claude de Bettignies - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2):135-144.
    A prolonged confrontation between Yahoo! Inc. and French activists who demand the removal of Nazi items from auction sites as well as restricted access to neo-Nazis sites is described and analyzed. We present the case up to the decision of Yahoo! Inc. to remove the items from yahoo.com following a French court's verdict against the firm. Using a business ethics approach, we distinguish legal, technical, philosophical and managerial issues involved in the case and their management by Yahoo! We conclude on (...)
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  36.  29
    The ESRC Research Ethics Framework and Research Ethics Review at UK Universities: Rebuilding the Tower of Babel REC by REC.D. L. H. Hunter - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (11):815-820.
    The history of the National Health Service research ethics system in the UK and some of the key drivers for its change into the present system are described. It is suggested that the key drivers were the unnecessary delay of research, the complexity of the array of processes and contradictions between research ethics committee (REC) decisions. It is then argued that the primary drivers for this change are and will be replicated by the systems of research ethics review being put (...)
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  37.  13
    Clarence Irving Lewis.Bruce Hunter - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  38.  10
    Essays After Wittgenstein.J. F. M. Hunter - 1973 - University of Toronto Press.
  39.  27
    The Philosopher in Early Modern Europe: The Nature of a Contested Identity.Conal Condren, Stephen Gaukroger & Ian Hunter (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this groundbreaking collection of essays the history of philosophy appears in a new light, not as reason's progressive discovery of its universal conditions, but as a series of unreconciled disputes over the proper way to conduct oneself as a philosopher. By shifting focus from the philosopher as proxy for the universal subject of reason to the philosopher as a special persona arising from rival forms of self-cultivation, philosophy is approached in terms of the social office and intellectual deportment of (...)
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  40. Is Thinking an Action?David Hunter - 2003 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (2):133-148.
    I argue that entertaining a proposition is not an action. Such events do not have intentional explanations and cannot be evaluated as rational or not. In these respects they contrast with assertions and compare well with perceptual events. One can control what one thinks by doing something, most familiarly by reciting a sentence. But even then the event of entertaining the proposition is not an action, though it is an event one has caused to happen, much as one might cause (...)
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  41.  14
    Is There a Case for a Distinction Between Ethics and Policy?David Hunter - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):24-25.
  42. Knowledge and Understanding.David Hunter - 2001 - Mind and Language 16 (5):542–546.
    Some philosophical proposals seem to die hard. In a recent paper, Jason Stanley has worked to resurrect the description theory of reference, at least as it might apply to natural kind terms like ‘elm’ (Stanley, 1999). The theory’s founding idea is that to understand ‘elm’ one must know a uniquely identifying truth about elms. Famously, Hilary Putnam showed that ordinary users of ‘elm’ may understand it while lacking such knowledge, and may even be unable to distinguish elms from beeches (Putnam, (...)
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  43. Counterfactuals and Newcomb's Paradox.Daniel Hunter & Reed Richter - 1978 - Synthese 39 (2):249 - 261.
    In their development of causal decision theory, Allan Gibbard and William Harper advocate a particular method for calculating the expected utility of an action, a method based upon the probabilities of certain counterfactuals. Gibbard and Harper then employ their method to support a two-box solution to Newcomb’s paradox. This paper argues against some of Gibbard and Harper’s key claims concerning the truth-values and probabilities of counterfactuals involved in expected utility calculations, thereby disputing their analysis of Newcomb’s Paradox. If we are (...)
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  44. Christian Thomasius and the Desacralization of Philosophy.Ian Hunter - 2000 - Journal of the History of Ideas 61 (4):595-616.
    Despite his significance in early modern Germany, where he was well-known as a political and moral philosopher, jurist, lay-theologian, social and educational reformer, Christian Thomasius (1655-1728) is little known in the world of Anglophone scholarship. 1 Unlike those of his mentor, Samuel Pufendorf, none of Thomasius's works was translated into English, when, at the end of the seventeenth century, English thinkers were searching for a final settlement to the religious question. None has been translated since. Moreover, while Thomasius has been (...)
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  45. Conscience.J. F. M. Hunter - 1963 - Mind 72 (287):309-334.
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  46.  12
    Efficiency and the Proposed Reforms to the NHS Research Ethics System.D. Hunter - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (11):651-654.
    Significant changes are proposed for the research ethics system governing the review of the conduct of medical research in the UK. This paper examines these changes and whether they will meet the aimed-for goal of improving the efficiency of the research ethics system. The author concludes that, unfortunately, they will not and thus should be rejected.
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  47. The Meaning of `If' in Conditional Propositions.Geoffrey Hunter - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (172):279-297.
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  48.  17
    Children, Gillick Competency and Consent for Involvement in Research.D. Hunter & B. K. Pierscionek - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (11):659-662.
    This paper looks at the issue of consent from children and whether the test of Gillick competency, applied in medical and healthcare practice, ought to extend to participation in research. It is argued that the relatively broad usage of the test of Gillick competency in the medical context should not be considered applicable for use in research. The question of who would and could determine Gillick competency in research raises further concerns relating to the training of the researcher to make (...)
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  49.  46
    'Short on Heroics': Jason in the Argonautica.R. L. Hunter - 1988 - Classical Quarterly 38 (02):436-.
    ‘Jason…chosen leader because his superior declines the honour, subordinate to his comrades, except once, in every trial of strength, skill, or courage, a great warrior only with the help of magical charms, jealous of honour but incapable of asserting it, passive in the face of crisis, timid and confused before trouble, tearful at insult, easily despondent, gracefully treacherous in his dealings with the love-sick Medea but cowering before her later threats and curses, coldly efficient in the time-serving murder of an (...)
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  50.  66
    Belief and Self‐Consciousness.David Hunter - 2008 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (5):673 – 693.
    This paper is about what is distinctive about first-person beliefs. I discuss several sets of puzzling cases of first-person belief. The first focus on the relation between belief and action, while the second focus on the relation of belief to subjectivity. I argue that in the absence of an explanation of the dispositional difference, individuating such beliefs more finely than truth conditions merely marks the difference. I argue that the puzzles reveal a difference in the ways that I am disposed (...)
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