Results for 'Sam Sims'

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Profile: Sam Sims (Florida State University)
  1.  63
    Why Do Women Leave Philosophy? Surveying Students at the Introductory Level.Morgan Thompson, Toni Adleberg, Sam Sims & Eddy Nahmias - 2016 - Philosophers' Imprint 16 (6).
    Although recent research suggests that women are underrepresented in philosophy after initial philosophy courses, there have been relatively few empirical investigations into the factors that lead to this early drop-off in women’s representation. In this paper, we present the results of empirical investigations at a large American public university that explore various factors contributing to women’s underrepresentation in philosophy at the undergraduate level. We administered climate surveys to hundreds of students completing their Introduction to Philosophy course and examined differences in (...)
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  2. Enron Ethics (Or: Culture Matters More Than Codes). [REVIEW]Ronald R. Sims & Johannes Brinkmann - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (3):243 - 256.
    This paper describes and discusses the Enron Corporation debacle. The paper presents the business ethics background and leadership mechanisms affecting Enron''s collapse and eventual bankruptcy. Through a systematic analysis of the organizational culture at Enron (following Schein''s frame of reference) the paper demonstrates how the company''s culture had profound effects on the ethics of its employees.
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  3.  92
    Leaders as Moral Role Models: The Case of John Gutfreund at Salomon Brothers. [REVIEW]Ronald R. Sims & Johannes Brinkman - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 35 (4):327-339.
    The paper describes and discusses unethical behavior in organizations, as a result of (interacting) disputable leadership and ethical climate. This paper presents and analyzes the well-known bond trading scandal at Salomon Brother to demonstrate the development of an unethical organizational culture under the leadership of John Gutfreund. The paper argues that leaders shape and reinforce an ethical or unethical organizational climate by what they pay attention to, how they react to crises, how they behave, how they allocate rewards, and how (...)
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  4. The Challenge of Ethical Behavior in Organizations.Ronald R. Sims - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (7):505 - 513.
    This paper is designed to do three things while discussing the challenge of ethical behavior in organization. First, it discusses some reasons why unethical behavior occurs in organization. Secondly, the paper highlights the importance of organizational culture in establishing an ethical climate within an organization. Finally, the paper presents some suggestions for creating and maintaining an ethically-oriented culture.
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  5.  86
    Attitudes Towards Business Ethics: A Five Nation Comparative Study. [REVIEW]Randi L. Sims & A. Ercan Gegez - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (3):253-265.
    Increasingly the business environment is tending toward a global economy. The current study compares the results of the Attitudes Towards Business Ethics Questionnaire (ATBEQ) reported in the literature for samples from the United States of America, Israel, Western Australia, and South Africa to a new sample (n = 125) from Turkey. The results indicate that while there are some shared views towards business ethics across countries, significant differences do exist between Turkey and each of the other countries in the study. (...)
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  6.  61
    The Institutionalization of Organizational Ethics.Ronald R. Sims - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (7):493 - 506.
    The institutionalization of ethics is an important task for today's organizations if they are to effectively counteract the increasingly frequent occurrences of blatantly unethical and often illegal behavior within large and often highly respected organizations. This article discusses the importance of institutionalizing organizational ethics and emphasizes the importance of several variables (psychological contract, organizational commitment, and an ethically-oriented culture) to the institutionalization of ethics within any organization.... institutionalizing ethics may sound ponderous, but its meaning is straightforward. It means getting ethics (...)
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  7.  7
    Business Ethics Teaching for Effective Learning.Ronald R. Sims - 2002 - Teaching Business Ethics 6 (4):393-410.
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  8.  43
    Predictors of External Whistleblowing: Organizational and Intrapersonal Variables. [REVIEW]Randi L. Sims & John P. Keenan - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):411-421.
    Research on whistleblowing has not yet provided a finite set of variables which have been shown to influence an employee's decision to report wrongdoing. Prior research on business ethics suggests that ethical business decisions are influenced by both organizational as well as intrapersonal variables. As such, this paper attempts to predict the decision to whistleblow using organizational and intrapersonal variables. External whistleblowing was found to be significantly related to supervisor support, informal policies, gender, and ideal values. External whistleblowing was not (...)
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  9.  4
    Business Ethics Curriculum Design: Suggestions and Illustrations.Ronald R. Sims & Johannes Brinkmann - 2003 - Teaching Business Ethics 7 (1):69-86.
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  10.  31
    Determinants of Ethical Decision Making: The Relationship of the Perceived Organizational Environment. [REVIEW]Randi L. Sims & Thomas L. Keon - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 19 (4):393 - 401.
    This study attempts to help explain the ethical decision making of individual employees by determining how the perceived organizational environment is related to that decision. A self- administered questionnaire design was used for gathering data in this study with a sample size of 245 full-time employees. Perceived supervisor expectation, formal policies, and informal policies were used to assess the expressed ethical decision of the respondents. The findings indicate that the perceived organizational environment is significantly related to the ethical decision of (...)
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  11.  32
    Toward a Profile of Student Software Piraters.Ronald R. Sims, Hsing K. Cheng & Hildy Teegen - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (8):839 - 849.
    Efforts to counter software piracy are an increasing focus of software publishers. This study attempts to develop a profile of those who illegally copy software by looking at undergraduate and graduate students and the extent to which they pirate software. The data indicate factors that can be used to profile the software pirater. In particular, males were found to pirate software more frequently than females and older students more than younger students, based on self-reporting.
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  12.  60
    Designing and Delivering Business Ethics Teaching and Learning.Ronald R. Sims & Edward L. Felton - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (3):297-312.
    The recent corporate scandals in the United States have caused a renewed interest and focus on teaching business ethics. Business schools and their faculties are reexamining the teaching of business ethics and are reassessing their responsibilities to produce honest and truthful managers who live lives of integrity and ethical accountability. The authors recognize that no agreement exists among business schools and their faculties regarding what should be the content and pedagogy of a course in business ethics. However, the authors hold (...)
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  13. Changing an Organization's Culture Under New Leadership.Ronald R. Sims - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 25 (1):65 - 78.
    Turning around and changing an organization's culture does not happen by chance. The purpose of this paper is to offer insights into what is needed for an organization to successfully transform itself from a culture and experience that does not support individual ethical behavior. The recent bond trading scandal at Salomon Brothers will be used to demonstrate that a successful ethical turnaround does not just happen spontaneously. In particular, we argue that new leadership, altering policies, structure, behavior, and beliefs are (...)
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  14.  47
    The Influence of Ethical Fit on Employee Satisfaction, Commitment and Turnover.Randi L. Sims & K. Galen Kroeck - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (12):939 - 947.
    This study examines the influence of ethical fit on employee attitudes and intentions to turnover. The results of this investigation provides support for the conjecture that ethical work climate is an important variable in the study of person-organization fit. Ethical fit was found to be significantly related to turnover intentions, continuance commitment, and affective commitment, but not to job satisfaction. Results are discussed in regard to some of the affective and cognitive distinctions among satisfaction, commitment, and behavioral intentions.
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  15.  87
    Teaching Business Ethics: Targeted Outputs.Edward L. Felton & Ronald R. Sims - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (4):377-391.
    Business ethics is once again a hot topic as examples of improper business practices that violate commonly accepted ethical norms are brought to our attention. With the increasing number of scandals business schools find themselves on the defensive in explaining what they are doing to help respond to the call to teach ‘‘more’’ business ethics. This paper focuses on two issues germane to business ethics teaching efforts: the ‘‘targeted output’’ goals of teaching business ethics and when in the curriculum business (...)
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  16.  44
    Ethical Work Climate as a Factor in the Development of Person-Organization Fit.Randi L. Sims & Thomas L. Keon - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1095-1105.
    The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between the ethical climate of the organization and the development of person-organization fit. The relationship between an individual's stage of moral development and his/her perceived ethical work environment was examined using a sample of 86 working students. Results indicate that a match between individual preferences and present position proved most satisfying. Subjects expressing a match between their preferences for an ethical work climate and their present ethical work (...)
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  17.  20
    Increasing Applied Business Ethics Courses in Business School Curricula.Ronald R. Sims & Serbrenia J. Sims - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (3):211 - 219.
    Business schools have a responsibility to incorporate applied business ethics courses as part of their undergraduate and MBA curriculum. The purpose of this article is to take a background and historical look at reasons for the new emphasis on ethical coursework in business schools. The article suggests a prescription for undergraduate and graduate education in applied business ethics and explores in detail the need to increase applied business ethics courses in business schools to enhance the ethical development of students.
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  18.  16
    Business Ethics Teaching: Using Conversational Learning to Build an Effective Classroom Learning Environment. [REVIEW]Ronald R. Sims - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 49 (2):201-211.
    Building an effective classroom learningenvironment requires that business ethicsteachers pay particular attention to creating aclassroom environment that values the ideasothers have to offer. This article discussesthe importance of conversational learning tobusiness ethics teaching for effectivelearning. The paper also considers thebusiness ethics teacher's role in using aconversational learning approach to teachingbusiness ethics and some learning processesused to create a classroom climate conducive tothis approach for those interested in creatingnew kinds of conversation in their businessethics teaching efforts.
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  19.  49
    Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility: Why Giants Fall.Ronald R. Sims - 2003 - Praeger.
    This book seeks to enhance our understanding of the causes of ethical debacles in an era when ethical missteps can often lead to corporate bankruptcies or worse ...
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  20.  11
    Stakeholder-Sensitive Business Ethics Teaching.Johannes Brinkmann & Ronald R. Sims - 2001 - Teaching Business Ethics 5 (2):171-193.
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  21.  16
    Teaching Business Ethics for Effective Learning.Ronald R. Sims - 2002 - Quorum Books.
    A sensible, workable approach to the teaching of business ethics, based on an understanding of how people actually learn and on the need to start with a clear ...
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  22.  12
    A Problem of Scope for the Free Energy Principle as a Theory of Cognition.Andrew Sims - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (7):967-980.
    Those who endorse the free energy principle as a theory of cognition are committed to three propositions that are jointly incompatible but which will cohere if one of them is denied. The first of these is that the free energy principle gives us a self-sufficient explanation of what all cognitive systems consist in: a specific computational architecture. The second is that all adaptive behavior is driven by the free energy principle and the process of model-based inference it entails. The third (...)
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  23.  23
    Ethics and Organizational Decision Making: A Call for Renewal.Ronald R. Sims - 1994 - Quorum Books.
    The importance of institutionalizing ethics within an organization cannot be underestimated.
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  24.  20
    The Influence of Organizational Expectations on Ethical Decision Making Conflict.Randi L. Sims & Thomas L. Keon - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 23 (2):219 - 228.
    This study considers the ethical decision making of individual employees and the influence their perception of organizational expectations has on employee feelings about the decision making process. A self-administered questionnaire design was used for gathering data in this study, with a sample size of 245 full-time employees. The match between the ethical alternative chosen by the respondent and that alternative perceived to be encouraged by his/her organization was found to be significantly related to both feelings of discomfort and feelings of (...)
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  25. Experiences in Teaching Business Ethics.Ronald R. Sims & William I. Sauser (eds.) - 2011 - Information Age.
  26.  14
    Ethical Rule Breaking by Employees: A Test of Social Bonding Theory. [REVIEW]Randi L. Sims - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 40 (2):101 - 109.
    As employees continue to lie, cheat, and steal from their employers, researchers have tried to help managers understand and possibly predict such deviant behavior. This study considers the specific employee misconduct of ethical rule breaking. Hirschi (1969) suggested that deviant behavior can be better understood by social bonding theory. The social bonding model includes four elements; attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief. It is proposed that Hirschi's social bonding theory can be used to understand ethical rule breaking by employees. Using a (...)
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  27. The Soft Constraints Hypothesis: A Rational Analysis Approach to Resource Allocation for Interactive Behavior.Wayne D. Gray, Chris R. Sims, Wai-Tat Fu & Michael J. Schoelles - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (3):461-482.
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  28.  5
    Teaching Business Ethics: A Case Study of an Ethics Across the Curriculum Policy.Randi L. Sims - 2000 - Teaching Business Ethics 4 (4):437-443.
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  29. Book Review: Hell Without Fires: Slavery, Christianity, and the Antebellum Spiritual Narrative. [REVIEW]Angela D. Sims - forthcoming - Interpretation 61 (4):458-459.
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  30.  31
    Toward a Better Understanding of Organizational Efforts to Rebuild Reputation Following an Ethical Scandal.Ronald Sims - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (4):453-472.
    This article explores the issue of rebuilding an organization’s reputation following an ethical scandal. We divide our discussion into four parts. First, we discuss the concept of reputation. We note its relevance to today’s organizations, offer several contemporary definitions along with highlighting its benefits and downsides. In the second section, we offer the work of anthropologist, Victor Turner, on social drama along with other views on organizational efforts to rebuild their reputation to include reputation management routines. In the third section, (...)
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  31. Linking Groupthink to Unethical Behavior in Organizations.Ronald R. Sims - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (9):651 - 662.
    This paper is designed to do four things. First, the paper discusses the importance of groupthink in contributing to unethical behavior. Second, the paper discribes how groupthink contributed to unethical behavior in three organizations (Beech-Nut, E. F. Hutton, and Salomon Brothers). Third, symptoms of groupthink (such as arrogance, overcommitment, and excessive loyalty to the group) will be presented along with two methods for programming conflict (devil's advocate and dialectic) into an organization and group's decisions. Finally, the paper introduces some prescriptions (...)
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  32.  8
    Support for the Use of Deception Within the Work Environment: A Comparison of Israeli and United States Employee Attitudes. [REVIEW]Randi L. Sims - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 35 (1):27 - 34.
    As businesses become more global, the opportunities for employees to work with individuals from different cultures increase. Research in cross-cultural interactions has increased in response to such changes. This research study considers employee attitudes and perceived organizational support for the use of deception within the work environment. In this study, two types of deception have been considered; deception for personal gain and deception for the organization's benefit. The reported likelihood for committing these two types of deception for United States and (...)
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  33.  1
    Melioration as Rational Choice: Sequential Decision Making in Uncertain Environments.Chris R. Sims, Hansjörg Neth, Robert A. Jacobs & Wayne D. Gray - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (1):139-154.
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  34. Enacting Transcendental Leadership : Creating and Supporting a More Ethical Campus.Adrianna J. Kezar & Cecile Sam - 2011 - In Tricia Bertram Gallant (ed.), Creating the Ethical Academy: A Systems Approach to Understanding Misconduct and Empowering Change in Higher Education. Routledge.
     
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  35.  7
    Debriefing Experiential Learning Exercises in Ethics Education.Ronald R. Sims - 2002 - Teaching Business Ethics 6 (2):179-197.
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  36. Business Ethics Teaching: Working to Develop an Effective Learning Climate.Ronald R. Sims - 2011 - In Ronald R. Sims & William I. Sauser (eds.), Experiences in Teaching Business Ethics. Information Age.
     
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  37. Reflection Through Debriefing in Teaching Business Ethics : Completing the Learning Process in Experiential Learning Exercises.Ronald R. Sims & William I. Sauser - 2011 - In Ronald R. Sims & William I. Sauser (eds.), Experiences in Teaching Business Ethics. Information Age.
     
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  38. Teaching Business Ethics Via Dialogue and Conversation.Ronald R. Sims - 2011 - In Ronald R. Sims & William I. Sauser (eds.), Experiences in Teaching Business Ethics. Information Age.
     
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  39. Using Writing to Teach Business Ethics : One Approach.Ronald R. Sims - 2011 - In Ronald R. Sims & William I. Sauser (eds.), Experiences in Teaching Business Ethics. Information Age.
     
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  40.  22
    A Study of Deviance as a Retaliatory Response to Organizational Power.Randi L. Sims - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (4):553-563.
    In a time when ethical scandals are commonplace in the media, one begins to wonder just what organizations are doing wrong. This article analyzes the Fall 2006 boardroom spying scandal at Hewlett–Packard to determine whether the workplace deviance observed can be linked to a retaliatory response to organizational power. A summary of the events leading up to, during, and the fall-out of the scandal is reported.
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  41.  3
    Rethinking Metalinguistic Awareness: Representing and Accessing Knowledge About What Counts as a Word.Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Julia Grant, Kerry Sims, Marie-Claude Jones & Pat Cuckle - 1996 - Cognition 58 (2):197-219.
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  42.  13
    Can Anosognosia for Hemiplegia Be Explained as Motivated Self-Deception?Andrew C. Sims - 2017 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 8 (2):337-353.
    Anosognosia for hemiplegia is the denial of neurologically-caused paralysis, and it often co-occurs with a number of distortions of belief and emotion such as somatoparaphrenia and an exaggeration of negative affect towards minor health complaints. The salience of these latter symptoms led early investigators to propose explanations of AHP which construed it as a process of motivated self-deception against the overwhelming anxiety and depression that knowledge of deficit would otherwise cause, and which was observed in hemiplegic patients without the anosognosia. (...)
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  43. Thoughts and Second Thoughts About Enron Ethics.Ronald R. Sims & Johannes Brinkmann - 2009 - In Christina Garsten & Tor Hernes (eds.), Ethical Dilemmas in Management. Routledge.
     
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  44.  1
    Seeking a Mnemonic Turn: Interior Reflections in Gadamer's Post-Platonic Thought.Jeffrey Sims - 2008 - Human Affairs 18 (2).
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  45.  3
    Not Only Size Matters: Early‐Talker and Late‐Talker Vocabularies Support Different Word‐Learning Biases in Babies and Networks.Eliana Colunga & Clare E. Sims - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S1):73-95.
    In typical development, word learning goes from slow and laborious to fast and seemingly effortless. Typically developing 2-year-olds seem to intuit the whole range of things in a category from hearing a single instance named—they have word-learning biases. This is not the case for children with relatively small vocabularies. We present a computational model that accounts for the emergence of word-learning biases in children at both ends of the vocabulary spectrum based solely on vocabulary structure. The results of Experiment 1 (...)
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  46.  11
    “Sherry's Secret”.Leslie R. Sims - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (1):147-150.
    The case and commentaries below were developed as part of a project, Graduate Research Ethics Education, undertaken by the Association for Practical and Professional Ethics with funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF Grant No. SBR 9421897 and NSF Grant No. 9817880). The project aims at training graduate students in research ethics and building a community of scientists and engineers who are interested in and capable of teaching research ethics. As part of the project, each graduate student participant develops a (...)
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  47.  1
    On the Relation Between Metaphor and Simile: When Comparison Fails.Glucksberg Sam & Haught Catrinel - 2006 - Mind Language 21 (3):360-378.
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  48.  74
    Revisiting the Derrida Affair.Barry Smith & Jeffrey Sims - 1999 - Sophia 38 (2):142-169.
    My own philosophical interests led me to investigate the letter which Smith submitted to The Times, along with eighteen other signatures from renowned philosophers, each objecting to the honorary degree which Cambridge was about to award Jacques Derrida. While Smith's letter has been esteemed for sober defense of philosophy, it has also been viewed as rather notorious by Derrida and postmodern sympathizers. After having contacted Smith at the State University of New York at Buffalo, we agreed to meet and discuss (...)
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  49.  6
    Increasing the Acceptability and Rates of Organ Donation Among Minority Ethnic Groups: A Programme of Observational and Evaluative Research on Donation, Transplantation and Ethnicity.M. Morgan, C. Kenten, S. Deedat, B. Farsides, T. Newton, G. Randhawa, J. Sims & M. Sque - unknown
    Background: Black, Asian and minority ethnic groups have a high need for organ transplantation but deceased donation is low. This restricts the availability of well-matched organs and results in relatively long waiting times for transplantation, with increased mortality risks. Objective: To identify barriers to organ donor registration and family consent among the BAME population, and to develop and evaluate a training intervention to enhance communication with ethnic minority families and identify impacts on family consent. Methods: Three-phase programme comprising community-based research (...)
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  50.  4
    Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Comparison.Randi L. Sims - 1996 - International Journal of Value-Based Management 9 (1):77-88.
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