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Samia Hurst
University of Geneva
  1.  58
    Vulnerability in Research and Health Care; Describing the Elephant in the Room?Samia A. Hurst - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (4):191–202.
    Despite broad agreement that the vulnerable have a claim to special protection, defining vulnerable persons or populations has proved more difficult than we would like. This is a theoretical as well as a practical problem, as it hinders both convincing justifications for this claim and the practical application of required protections. In this paper, I review consent-based, harm-based, and comprehensive definitions of vulnerability in healthcare and research with human subjects. Although current definitions are subject to critique, their underlying assumptions may (...)
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  2. Interventions Designed to Reduce Implicit Prejudices and Implicit Stereotypes in Real World Contexts: A Systematic Review.Chloë Fitzgerald, Samia A. Hurst, Delphine Berner & Angela K. Martin - 2019 - BMC Psychology 7.
    Background Implicit biases are present in the general population and among professionals in various domains, where they can lead to discrimination. Many interventions are used to reduce implicit bias. However, uncertainties remain as to their effectiveness. -/- Methods We conducted a systematic review by searching ERIC, PUBMED and PSYCHINFO for peer-reviewed studies conducted on adults between May 2005 and April 2015, testing interventions designed to reduce implicit bias, with results measured using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) or sufficiently similar methods. (...)
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  3.  55
    Measuring the Global Burden of Disease: Philosophical Dimensions.Nir Eyal, Samia A. Hurst, Christopher J. L. Murray, S. Andrew Schroeder & Daniel Wikler (eds.) - 2020 - New York, USA: Oup Usa.
    The Global Burden of Disease Study is one of the largest-scale research collaborations in global health, producing critical data for researchers, policy-makers, and health workers about more than 350 diseases, injuries, and risk factors. Such an undertaking is, of course, extremely complex from an empirical perspective. But it also raises complex ethical and philosophical questions. In this volume, a group of leading philosophers, economists, epidemiologists, and policy scholars identify and discuss these philosophical questions. Better appreciating the philosophical dimensions of a (...)
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  4.  51
    Physicians' Access to Ethics Support Services in Four European Countries.Samia A. Hurst, Stella Reiter-Theil, Arnaud Perrier, Reidun Forde, Anne-Marie Slowther, Renzo Pegoraro & Marion Danis - 2007 - Health Care Analysis 15 (4):321-335.
    Clinical ethics support services are developing in Europe. They will be most useful if they are designed to match the ethical concerns of clinicians. We conducted a cross-sectional mailed survey on random samples of general physicians in Norway, Switzerland, Italy, and the UK, to assess their access to different types of ethics support services, and to describe what makes them more likely to have used available ethics support. Respondents reported access to formal ethics support services such as clinical ethics committees (...)
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  5.  12
    Ethical Criteria for Human Trials of Stem-Cell-Derived Dopaminergic Neurons in Parkinson's Disease.Samia A. Hurst, Alex Mauron, Shahan Momjian & Pierre R. Burkhard - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (1):52-60.
  6.  10
    Defining Categories of Actionability for Secondary Findings in Next-Generation Sequencing.Celine Moret, Alex Mauron, Siv Fokstuen, Periklis Makrythanasis & Samia A. Hurst - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (5):346-349.
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  7.  68
    Research Ethics and International Epidemic Response: The Case of Ebola and Marburg Hemorrhagic Fevers.Philippe Calain, Nathalie Fiore, Marc Poncin & Samia A. Hurst - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):7-29.
    Institute for Biomedical Ethics, Geneva University Medical School * Corresponding author: Médecins Sans Frontières (OCG), rue de Lausanne 78, CH-1211 Geneva 21, Switzerland. Tel.: +41 (0)22 849 89 29; Fax: +41 (0)22 849 84 88; Email: philippe_calain{at}hotmail.com ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Outbreaks of filovirus (Ebola and Marburg) hemorrhagic fevers in Africa are typically the theater of rescue activities involving international experts and agencies tasked with reinforcing national authorities in clinical management, biological diagnosis, sanitation, (...)
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  8.  40
    Why Physicians Ought to Lie for Their Patients.Nicolas Tavaglione & Samia A. Hurst - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (3):4-12.
    Sometimes physicians lie to third-party payers in order to grant their patients treatment they would otherwise not receive. This strategy, commonly known as gaming the system, is generally condemned for three reasons. First, it may hurt the patient for the sake of whom gaming was intended. Second, it may hurt other patients. Third, it offends contractual and distributive justice. Hence, gaming is considered to be immoral behavior. This article is an attempt to show that, on the contrary, gaming may sometimes (...)
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  9.  45
    A Framework for Rationing by Clinical Judgment.Samia A. Hurst & Marion Danis - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (3):247-266.
    : Although rationing by clinical judgment is controversial, its acceptability partly depends on how it is practiced. In this paper, rationing by clinical judgment is defined in three different circumstances that represent increasingly wider circles of resource pools in which the rationing decision takes place: triage during acute shortage, comparison to other potential patients in a context of limited but not immediately strained resources, and determination of whether expected benefit of an intervention is deemed sufficient to warrant its cost by (...)
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  10.  44
    Fleshing Out Vulnerability.Nicolas Tavaglione, Angela K. Martin, Nathalie Mezger, Sophie Durieux‐Paillard, Anne François, Yves Jackson & Samia A. Hurst - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (2):98-107.
    In the literature on medical ethics, it is generally admitted that vulnerable persons or groups deserve special attention, care or protection. One can define vulnerable persons as those having a greater likelihood of being wronged – that is, of being denied adequate satisfaction of certain legitimate claims. The conjunction of these two points entails what we call the Special Protection Thesis. It asserts that persons with a greater likelihood of being denied adequate satisfaction of their legitimate claims deserve special attention, (...)
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  11.  28
    Informed Consent and the Disclosure of Clinical Results to Research Participants.Effy Vayena, Samia A. Hurst, Celine Moret & Alessandro Blasimme - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (7):58-60.
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  12.  15
    An Instruction Manual for Trust in the Presence of Conflicts of Interests.Samia A. Hurst - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (6):33-35.
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  13.  53
    Allocating Resources in Humanitarian Medicine.Samia A. Hurst, Nathalie Mezger & Alex Mauron - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):89-99.
    Fair resource allocation in humanitarian medicine is gaining in importance and complexity, but remains insufficiently explored. It raises specific issues regarding non-ideal fairness, global solidarity, legitimacy in non-governmental institutions and conflicts of interest. All would benefit from further exploration. We propose that some headway could be made by adapting existing frameworks of procedural fairness for use in humanitarian organizations. Despite the difficulties in applying it to humanitarian medicine, it is possible to partly adapt Daniels and Sabin's ‘Accountability for reasonableness’ to (...)
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  14.  63
    Physician Brain Drain: Can Nothing Be Done?Nir Eyal & Samia A. Hurst - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (2):180-192.
    Next SectionAccess to medicines, vaccination and care in resource-poor settings is threatened by the emigration of physicians and other health workers. In entire regions of the developing world, low physician density exacerbates child and maternal mortality and hinders treatment of HIV/AIDS. This article invites philosophers to help identify ethical and effective responses to medical brain drain. It reviews existing proposals and their limitations. It makes a case that, in resource-poor countries, ’locally relevant medical training’—teaching primarily locally endemic diseases and practice (...)
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  15.  40
    Trustworthiness in Conflict of Interest.Samia A. Hurst & Alex Mauron - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (1):40 - 41.
  16.  77
    Methods in Clinical Ethics: A Time for Eclectic Pragmatism?Samia A. Hurst, Jean-Claude Chevrolet & François Loew - 2006 - Clinical Ethics 1 (3):159-164.
    Background Although methods proposed for the conduct of ethics consultation tend to be viewed as competing approaches, they may in fact function in a complementary manner. Methods We describe the experience of ethics consultation in two ethics committees at the University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland. Results Both committees provide case consultation by a multi-disciplinary team of committee members, but with different processes. These differences in process do not necessarily lead to differences in outcome. Discussion Different methods of ethics consultation are (...)
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  17.  18
    Assisted Suicide in Switzerland: Clarifying Liberties and Claims.Samia A. Hurst & Alex Mauron - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (3):199-208.
    Assisting suicide is legal in Switzerland if it is offered without selfish motive to a person with decision-making capacity. Although the ‘Swiss model’ for suicide assistance has been extensively described in the literature, the formally and informally protected liberties and claims of assistors and recipients of suicide assistance in Switzerland are incompletely captured in the literature. In this article, we describe the package of rights involved in the ‘Swiss model’ using the framework of Hohfeldian rights as modified by Wenar. After (...)
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  18. Éthique et santé publique.Samia A. Hurst - 2012 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 7 (3):59-67.
    Quelles sont les principales problématiques en émergence dans l’éthique de la santé publique ces 10 prochaines années? Se hasarder à prédire l’avenir nécessite toujours une certaine dose d’autodérision, mais les fondements des enjeux sur une échéance aussi proche sont en grande partie déjà présents. Ils peuvent être décrits à différents niveaux d’observation. Le premier de ces niveaux est technique : la santé publique recouvre toute une série d’interventions, dont la mise en œuvre rencontre des obstacles qui, pour certains, ont une (...)
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  19.  9
    Assisted Suicide in Switzerland: Clarifying Liberties and Claims.Samia A. Hurst & Alex Mauron - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (9).
    Assisting suicide is legal in Switzerland if it is offered without selfish motive to a person with decision-making capacity. Although the ‘Swiss model’ for suicide assistance has been extensively described in the literature, the formally and informally protected liberties and claims of assistors and recipients of suicide assistance in Switzerland are incompletely captured in the literature. In this article, we describe the package of rights involved in the ‘Swiss model’ using the framework of Hohfeldian rights as modified by Wenar. After (...)
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  20.  36
    Assisted Suicide is Compatible with Medical Ethos.Angela K. Martin, Alex Mauron & Samia A. Hurst - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (6):55 - 57.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 6, Page 55-57, June 2011.
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  21.  16
    Death at the Door of the Operating Room.Samia A. Hurst & Bara Ricou - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (8):31-33.
  22.  26
    Conserving Scarce Resources: Willingness of Health Insurance Enrollees to Choose Cheaper Options.Samia A. Hurst, J. Russell Teagarden, Elizabeth Garrett & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (3):496-499.
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  23.  19
    Equivalent Confusions.Samia A. Hurst - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):15-15.
  24.  47
    Interventions and Persons.Samia A. Hurst - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (1):10 - 11.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 1, Page 10-11, January 2012.
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  25.  9
    Simplicity as Progress: Implications for Fairness in Research With Human Participants.Samia A. Hurst - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):40-41.
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  26.  14
    It's Not Who You Are.Bernard Baertschi, Samia A. Hurst & Alex Mauron - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 1 (3):18-19.
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  27.  82
    Including Patients in Resuscitation Decisions in Switzerland: From Doing More to Doing Better.Samia A. Hurst, Maria Becerra, Arnaud Perrier, Noelle Junod Perron, Stéphane Cochet & Bernice Elger - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (3):158-165.
    Background Decisions regarding Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Do Not Attempt Resuscitation (DNAR) orders remain demanding, as does including patients in the process. Objectives To explore physicians’ justification for CPR/DNAR orders and decisions regarding patient inclusion, as well as their reports of how they initiated discussions with patients. Methods We administered a face-to-face survey to residents in charge of 206 patients including DNAR and CPR orders, with or without patient inclusion. Results Justifications were provided for 59% of DNAR orders and included (...)
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  28.  39
    Indecent Coverage? Protecting the Goals of Health Insurance From the Impact of Co-Payments.Samia A. Hurst & Marion Danis - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (1):107-113.
    As pressures increase to contain growing healthcare expenditures, there is currently a prominent rise in the shift of healthcare costs to patients in the form of deductibles, co-pays, and co-insurance. Rising co-payments are part of a larger picture of increasing overall out-of-pocket healthcare expenditures. From 1990 to 2000, per capita out-of-pocket payments for healthcare reached $707 in the United States, and doubled in several European countries with universal health insurance, reaching $396 in Denmark, $290 in Germany, and $466 in Italy (...)
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  29.  18
    De-Clustering National and International Inequality.Samia A. Hurst - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (11):24 – 25.
  30.  17
    Standing on More Than One Leg: Interdisciplinarity's Balancing Acts.Samia A. Hurst - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (1):50 – 51.
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  31.  17
    Should Gratitude Be a Requirement for Access to Live Organ Donation?Monica Escher, Monique Lamuela-Naulin, Catherine Bollondi, Paola Flores Menendez & Samia A. Hurst - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (11):762-765.
    Gratitude is both expected and problematic in live organ donation. Are there grounds to require it, and to forbid access to live donor transplantation to a recipient who fails to signal that he feels any form of gratitude? Recipient gratitude is not currently required for organ donation, but it is expected and may be a moral requirement. Despite this, we argue that making it a condition for live organ transplantation would be unjustified. It would constitute a problematic and disproportionate punishment (...)
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  32.  15
    Variants of Unknown Significance and Their Impact on Autonomy.Celine Moret, Samia A. Hurst & Alex Mauron - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):26-28.
  33.  6
    Clinically Driven Safety Benchmarks.Gaia Barazzetti, Samia A. Hurst & Alex Mauron - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (2):22-23.
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  34.  20
    A Step Toward Pluralist Fairness.Samia A. Hurst - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):46-47.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 12, Page 46-47, December 2011.
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  35.  12
    What If Medical Graduates Are Right?Samia A. Hurst - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (5):37-38.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 5, Page 37-38, May 2012.
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