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Samia A. Hurst [29]Samia Hurst [13]
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Profile: Samia Hurst
  1.  40
    Vulnerability in Research and Health Care; Describing the Elephant in the Room?Samia A. Hurst - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (4):191–202.
    Despite broad agreement that the vulnerable have a claim to special protection, defining vulnerable persons or populations has proved more difficult than we would like. This is a theoretical as well as a practical problem, as it hinders both convincing justifications for this claim and the practical application of required protections. In this paper, I review consent-based, harm-based, and comprehensive definitions of vulnerability in healthcare and research with human subjects. Although current definitions are subject to critique, their underlying assumptions may (...)
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  2.  39
    What 'Empirical Turn in Bioethics'?Samia Hurst - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (8):439-444.
    Uncertainty as to how we should articulate empirical data and normative reasoning seems to underlie most difficulties regarding the ‘empirical turn’ in bioethics. This article examines three different ways in which we could understand ‘empirical turn’. Using real facts in normative reasoning is trivial and would not represent a ‘turn’. Becoming an empirical discipline through a shift to the social and neurosciences would be a turn away from normative thinking, which we should not take. Conducting empirical research to inform normative (...)
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  3.  25
    Involuntary & Voluntary Invasive Brain Surgery: Ethical Issues Related to Acquired Aggressiveness. [REVIEW]Frederic Gilbert, Andrej Vranic & Samia Hurst - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (1):115-128.
    Clinical cases of frontal lobe lesions have been significantly associated with acquired aggressive behaviour. Restoring neuronal and cognitive faculties of aggressive individuals through invasive brain intervention raises ethical questions in general. However, more questions have to be addressed in cases where individuals refuse surgical treatment. The ethical desirability and permissibility of using intrusive surgical brain interventions for involuntary or voluntary treatment of acquired aggressiveness is highly questionable. This article engages with the description of acquired aggressiveness in general, and presents a (...)
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  4.  5
    An Instruction Manual for Trust in the Presence of Conflicts of Interests.Samia A. Hurst - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (6):33-35.
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  5.  53
    Research Ethics and International Epidemic Response: The Case of Ebola and Marburg Hemorrhagic Fevers.Philippe Calain, Nathalie Fiore, Marc Poncin & Samia A. Hurst - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):7-29.
    Institute for Biomedical Ethics, Geneva University Medical School * Corresponding author: Médecins Sans Frontières (OCG), rue de Lausanne 78, CH-1211 Geneva 21, Switzerland. Tel.: +41 (0)22 849 89 29; Fax: +41 (0)22 849 84 88; Email: philippe_calain{at}hotmail.com ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Outbreaks of filovirus (Ebola and Marburg) hemorrhagic fevers in Africa are typically the theater of rescue activities involving international experts and agencies tasked with reinforcing national authorities in clinical management, biological diagnosis, sanitation, (...)
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  6.  31
    A Framework for Rationing by Clinical Judgment.Samia A. Hurst & Marion Danis - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (3):247-266.
    : Although rationing by clinical judgment is controversial, its acceptability partly depends on how it is practiced. In this paper, rationing by clinical judgment is defined in three different circumstances that represent increasingly wider circles of resource pools in which the rationing decision takes place: triage during acute shortage, comparison to other potential patients in a context of limited but not immediately strained resources, and determination of whether expected benefit of an intervention is deemed sufficient to warrant its cost by (...)
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  7.  15
    Why Physicians Ought to Lie for Their Patients.Nicolas Tavaglione & Samia A. Hurst - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (3):4-12.
    Sometimes physicians lie to third-party payers in order to grant their patients treatment they would otherwise not receive. This strategy, commonly known as gaming the system, is generally condemned for three reasons. First, it may hurt the patient for the sake of whom gaming was intended. Second, it may hurt other patients. Third, it offends contractual and distributive justice. Hence, gaming is considered to be immoral behavior. This article is an attempt to show that, on the contrary, gaming may sometimes (...)
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  8.  36
    Allocating Resources in Humanitarian Medicine.Samia A. Hurst, Nathalie Mezger & Alex Mauron - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):89-99.
    Fair resource allocation in humanitarian medicine is gaining in importance and complexity, but remains insufficiently explored. It raises specific issues regarding non-ideal fairness, global solidarity, legitimacy in non-governmental institutions and conflicts of interest. All would benefit from further exploration. We propose that some headway could be made by adapting existing frameworks of procedural fairness for use in humanitarian organizations. Despite the difficulties in applying it to humanitarian medicine, it is possible to partly adapt Daniels and Sabin's ‘Accountability for reasonableness’ to (...)
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  9.  6
    Physicians' Access to Ethics Support Services in Four European Countries.Samia A. Hurst, Stella Reiter-Theil, Arnaud Perrier, Reidun Forde, Anne-Marie Slowther, Renzo Pegoraro & Marion Danis - 2007 - Health Care Analysis 15 (4):321-335.
    Clinical ethics support services are developing in Europe. They will be most useful if they are designed to match the ethical concerns of clinicians. We conducted a cross-sectional mailed survey on random samples of general physicians in Norway, Switzerland, Italy, and the UK, to assess their access to different types of ethics support services, and to describe what makes them more likely to have used available ethics support. Respondents reported access to formal ethics support services such as clinical ethics committees (...)
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  10. Making Fair Choices on the Path to Universal Health Coverage.Ole Frithjof Norheim, Trygve Ottersen, Bona Chitah, Richard Cookson, Norman Daniels, Nir Eyal, Walter Flores, Axel Gosseries, Daniel Hausman, Samia Hurst, Lydia Kapiriri, Toby Ord, Shlomi Segall, Frehiwot Defaye, Alex Voorhoeve, Alicia Yamin, Gita Sen, Tessa T. T. Edejer, Andreas Reis, Ritu Sadana & Carla Saenz - 2014 - World Health Organisation.
    This report by the WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage addresses how countries can make fair progress towards the goal of universal coverage. It explains the relevant tradeoffs between different desirable ends and offers guidance on how to make these tradeoffs.
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  11.  14
    Trustworthiness in Conflict of Interest.Samia A. Hurst & Alex Mauron - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (1):40 - 41.
  12.  3
    Death at the Door of the Operating Room.Samia A. Hurst & Bara Ricou - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (8):31-33.
  13.  38
    Physician Brain Drain: Can Nothing Be Done?Nir Eyal & Samia A. Hurst - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (2):180-192.
    Next SectionAccess to medicines, vaccination and care in resource-poor settings is threatened by the emigration of physicians and other health workers. In entire regions of the developing world, low physician density exacerbates child and maternal mortality and hinders treatment of HIV/AIDS. This article invites philosophers to help identify ethical and effective responses to medical brain drain. It reviews existing proposals and their limitations. It makes a case that, in resource-poor countries, ’locally relevant medical training’—teaching primarily locally endemic diseases and practice (...)
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  14.  10
    Resolving the Conflict: Clarifying ‘Vulnerability’ in Health Care Ethics.Angela K. Martin, Nicolas Tavaglione & Samia Hurst - 2014 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (1):51-72.
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  15.  19
    Assisted Suicide is Compatible with Medical Ethos.Angela K. Martin, Alex Mauron & Samia A. Hurst - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (6):55 - 57.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 6, Page 55-57, June 2011.
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  16.  8
    Equivalent Confusions.Samia A. Hurst - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):15-15.
  17.  1
    Simplicity as Progress: Implications for Fairness in Research With Human Participants.Samia A. Hurst - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):40-41.
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  18.  63
    Methods in Clinical Ethics: A Time for Eclectic Pragmatism?Samia A. Hurst, Jean-Claude Chevrolet & François Loew - 2006 - Clinical Ethics 1 (3):159-164.
    Background Although methods proposed for the conduct of ethics consultation tend to be viewed as competing approaches, they may in fact function in a complementary manner. Methods We describe the experience of ethics consultation in two ethics committees at the University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland. Results Both committees provide case consultation by a multi-disciplinary team of committee members, but with different processes. These differences in process do not necessarily lead to differences in outcome. Discussion Different methods of ethics consultation are (...)
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  19.  13
    Developing the Capacity of Ethics Consultants to Promote Just Resource Allocation.Marion Danis & Samia Hurst - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (4):37-39.
  20.  9
    Implicit Bias in Healthcare Professionals: A Systematic Review.Chloë FitzGerald & Samia Hurst - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):19.
    Implicit biases involve associations outside conscious awareness that lead to a negative evaluation of a person on the basis of irrelevant characteristics such as race or gender. This review examines the evidence that healthcare professionals display implicit biases towards patients. PubMed, PsychINFO, PsychARTICLE and CINAHL were searched for peer-reviewed articles published between 1st March 2003 and 31st March 2013. Two reviewers assessed the eligibility of the identified papers based on precise content and quality criteria. The references of eligible papers were (...)
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  21.  9
    Interventions and Persons.Samia A. Hurst - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (1):10 - 11.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 1, Page 10-11, January 2012.
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  22.  47
    Éthique et santé publique.Samia A. Hurst - 2012 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 7 (3):59-67.
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  23.  5
    Conserving Scarce Resources: Willingness of Health Insurance Enrollees to Choose Cheaper Options.Samia A. Hurst, J. Russell Teagarden, Elizabeth Garrett & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 32 (3):496-499.
  24.  1
    De-Clustering National and International Inequality.Samia A. Hurst - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (11):24 – 25.
  25.  3
    Assisted Suicide in Switzerland: Clarifying Liberties and Claims.Samia A. Hurst & Alex Mauron - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (3):199-208.
    Assisting suicide is legal in Switzerland if it is offered without selfish motive to a person with decision-making capacity. Although the ‘Swiss model’ for suicide assistance has been extensively described in the literature, the formally and informally protected liberties and claims of assistors and recipients of suicide assistance in Switzerland are incompletely captured in the literature. In this article, we describe the package of rights involved in the ‘Swiss model’ using the framework of Hohfeldian rights as modified by Wenar. After (...)
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  26. Conserving Scarce Resources: Willingness of Health Insurance Enrollees to Choose Cheaper Options.Samia A. Hurst, J. Russell Teagarden, Elizabeth Garrett & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (3):496-499.
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  27.  3
    Assisted Suicide in Switzerland: Clarifying Liberties and Claims.Samia A. Hurst & Alex Mauron - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (3):199-208.
    Assisting suicide is legal in Switzerland if it is offered without selfish motive to a person with decision-making capacity. Although the ‘Swiss model’ for suicide assistance has been extensively described in the literature, the formally and informally protected liberties and claims of assistors and recipients of suicide assistance in Switzerland are incompletely captured in the literature. In this article, we describe the package of rights involved in the ‘Swiss model’ using the framework of Hohfeldian rights as modified by Wenar. After (...)
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  28.  16
    Indecent Coverage? Protecting the Goals of Health Insurance From the Impact of Co-Payments.Samia A. Hurst & Marion Danis - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (1):107-113.
    As pressures increase to contain growing healthcare expenditures, there is currently a prominent rise in the shift of healthcare costs to patients in the form of deductibles, co-pays, and co-insurance. Rising co-payments are part of a larger picture of increasing overall out-of-pocket healthcare expenditures. From 1990 to 2000, per capita out-of-pocket payments for healthcare reached $707 in the United States, and doubled in several European countries with universal health insurance, reaching $396 in Denmark, $290 in Germany, and $466 in Italy (...)
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  29.  8
    Clarifying Vulnerability: The Case of Children.Samia Hurst - 2015 - Asian Bioethics Review 7 (2):126-138.
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  30.  11
    Fleshing Out Vulnerability.Nicolas Tavaglione, Angela K. Martin, Nathalie Mezger, Sophie Durieux‐Paillard, Anne François, Yves Jackson & Samia A. Hurst - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (2):98-107.
    In the literature on medical ethics, it is generally admitted that vulnerable persons or groups deserve special attention, care or protection. One can define vulnerable persons as those having a greater likelihood of being wronged – that is, of being denied adequate satisfaction of certain legitimate claims. The conjunction of these two points entails what we call the Special Protection Thesis. It asserts that persons with a greater likelihood of being denied adequate satisfaction of their legitimate claims deserve special attention, (...)
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  31.  2
    Assisted Suicide in Switzerland: Clarifying Liberties and Claims.Samia A. Hurst & Alex Mauron - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (9).
    Assisting suicide is legal in Switzerland if it is offered without selfish motive to a person with decision-making capacity. Although the ‘Swiss model’ for suicide assistance has been extensively described in the literature, the formally and informally protected liberties and claims of assistors and recipients of suicide assistance in Switzerland are incompletely captured in the literature. In this article, we describe the package of rights involved in the ‘Swiss model’ using the framework of Hohfeldian rights as modified by Wenar. After (...)
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  32.  3
    Coercion in the Fight Against Medical Brain Drain.Nir Eyal & Samia Hurst - unknown
    Several contributions in this book tell of doctors’ increasing emigration from developing countries where they are in critical shortage, especially from the underserved rural and public sectors of countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. They point out the severe harm from that migration to some of the world’s poorest and sickest populations who have no other doctors to turn to, and gain little from their emigration. Since significant harm to the badly off is bad, decline in that migration is (...)
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  33.  9
    Articulating the Balance of Interests Between Humans and Other Animals.Samia Hurst & Alex Mauron - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (5):17-19.
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  34. Exigences et ébauches d'une éthique minimaliste dans la pratique clinique.Samia Hurst - 2008 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 140 (2):233-246.
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  35.  6
    A Step Toward Pluralist Fairness.Samia A. Hurst - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):46-47.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 12, Page 46-47, December 2011.
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  36.  2
    Variants of Unknown Significance and Their Impact on Autonomy.Celine Moret, Samia A. Hurst & Alex Mauron - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):26-28.
  37.  7
    Standing on More Than One Leg: Interdisciplinarity's Balancing Acts.Samia A. Hurst - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (1):50 – 51.
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  38.  4
    What If Medical Graduates Are Right?Samia A. Hurst - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (5):37-38.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 5, Page 37-38, May 2012.
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  39. Should Gratitude Be a Requirement for Access to Live Organ Donation?Escher Monica, Lamuela-Naulin Monique, Bollondi Catherine, Menendez Paola Flores & A. Hurst Samia - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (11):762-765.
    Gratitude is both expected and problematic in live organ donation. Are there grounds to require it, and to forbid access to live donor transplantation to a recipient who fails to signal that he feels any form of gratitude? Recipient gratitude is not currently required for organ donation, but it is expected and may be a moral requirement. Despite this, we argue that making it a condition for live organ transplantation would be unjustified. It would constitute a problematic and disproportionate punishment (...)
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  40. Cómo tomar decisiones justas en el camino hacia la cobertura universal de salud.Ole Frithjof Norheim, Trygve Ottersen, Bona Chitah, Richard Cookson, Norman Daniels, Frehiwot Defaye, Nir Eyal, Walter Flores, Axel Gosseries, Daniel Hausman, Samia Hurst, Lydia Kapiriri, Toby Ord, Shlomi Segall, Gita Sen, Alex Voorhoeve, Tessa T. T. Edejer, Andreas Reis, Ritu Sadana, Carla Saenz, Alicia Yamin & Daniel Wikler - 2015 - Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO).
    La cobertura universal de salud está en el centro de la acción actual para fortalecer los sistemas de salud y mejorar el nivel y la distribución de la salud y los servicios de salud. Este documento es el informe fi nal del Grupo Consultivo de la OMS sobre la Equidad y Cobertura Universal de Salud. Aquí se abordan los temas clave de la justicia (fairness) y la equidad que surgen en el camino hacia la cobertura universal de salud. Por lo (...)
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  41. Faire Des Choixes Justes Pour Une Couverture Sanitaire Universelle.Ole Frithjof Norheim, Trygve Ottersen, Bona Chitah, Richard Cookson, Norman Daniels, Frehiwot Defaye, Nir Eyal, Walter Flores, Axel Gosseries, Daniel Hausman, Samia Hurst, Lydia Kapiriri, Toby Ord, Shlomi Segall, Gita Sen, Alex Voorhoeve, Daniel Wikler, Alicia Yamin, Tessa T. T. Edejer, Andreas Reis, Ritu Sadana & Carla Saenz - 2015 - World Health Organization.
    This report from the WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage offers advice on how to make progress fairly towards universal health coverage.
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  42. Measuring and Evaluating Health Inequalities.Ole Norheim, Samia Hurst, Nir Eyal & Dan Wikler (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
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