Results for 'Samir al-Khalil'

998 found
Order:
  1.  13
    The Monument: Art, Vulgarity and Responsibility in Iraq.Francis X. Paz & Samir al-Khalil - 1993 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (1):133.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  2.  5
    Disclosure Standards, Auditing Infrastructure, and Bribery Mitigation.Samer Khalil, Walid Saffar & Samir Trabelsi - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 132 (2):379-399.
    Using a sample of 15,174 firms from 24 countries included in the 2009 World Bank Enterprise Survey, we investigate the impact of disclosure standards and auditing infrastructure on the bribery of public officials to secure government contracts. We find that firms are less likely to grant gift to secure a government contract in countries having more extensive financial reporting requirements and countries where audit firms face a higher litigation and sanction risk. Findings also show that firms are less likely to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  3.  37
    The Merits of the Bāṭiniyya: AL-Ghazālī’s Appropriation of Ismaʿili Cosmology.Khalil Andani - 2018 - Journal of Islamic Studies 29 (2):181-229.
    This paper discusses the question of an Ismaʿili influence within the cosmology of al-Ghazālī and argues that al-Ghazālī appropriated certain features of the Ismaʿili cosmology from the Persian Ismaʿili thought of Nāṣir-i Khusraw. After introducing Nāṣir-i Khusraw and his Ismaʿili Neoplatonic cosmology, the paper first examines some of the Ismaʿili doctrinal material presented in al-Ghazālī’s anti-Ismaʿili polemical work Faḍāʾiḥ al-bāṭiniyya—concerning cosmology, revelation, and taʾwīl—and traces this content back to Nāṣir-i Khusraw’s works, arguing that Nāṣir-i Khusraw was one of the sources (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  3
    Faḍāʾil Bayt Al-Maqdis Wa Al-Khalīl Wa Faḍāʾil Al-ShāmFadail Bayt Al-Maqdis Wa Al-Khalil Wa Fadail Al-Sham.Donald P. Little & Ofer Livne-Kafri - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (3):549.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  62
    La Littérature Arabe Médiévale des Chrétiens.P. Samir Khalil - 2001 - 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 6:21.
    Direct download (5 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  50
    Ansāb Al-Ashrāf by Aḥmad B. Yaḥyā B. Jābir Al-Balādhurī, Vol. VIBAnsab Al-Ashraf by Ahmad B. Yahya B. Jabir Al-Baladhuri, Vol. VIB. [REVIEW]Lawrence I. Conrad, Aḥmad B. Yaḥyā B. Jābir al-Balādhurī, Khalil Athamina & Ahmad B. Yahya B. Jabir al-Baladhuri - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (4):733.
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Kitab Al-Masha Ir.Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Sadr al-din Shirazi, Henry Corbin & Fatin Muhammad Khalil Labun - 2000 - Mu Assasat Al-Tarikh Al- Arabi.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  6
    Quality Assessment of Recent Evidence‐Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adults Using the AGREE II Instrument.Muhammad A. Anwer, Ousama B. Al‐Fahed, Samir I. Arif, Yasser S. Amer, Maher A. Titi & Mohammed O. Al‐Rukban - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (1):166-172.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  6
    Quality Assessment of Recent Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adults Using the AGREE II Instrument.A. Anwer Muhammad, B. Al-Fahed Ousama, I. Arif Samir, S. Amer Yasser, A. Titi Maher & O. Al-Rukban Mohammed - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10. Identificación de un manuscrito andalusí anónimo de una obra contra Ibn Hazn al-Qurtubi (m. 456/1064).Samir Kaddouri - 2001 - Al-Qantara 22 (2):299-320.
    En este artículo se aborda el estudio de un fragmento manuscrito andalusí que con-tiene una crítica dirigida a la doctrina záltirí de Ibn Hazm. En primer lugar, se intenta determinar el título de la obra y la identidad del autor. Posteriormente, se ofrece una esti-mación aproximada de la fecha y el lugar de composición del libro. Por último, se pro-porciona información relevante en torno a la figura de Ibn Hazm, sus obras, sus adver-sarios, sus protectores, al igual que sobre el (...)
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11.  7
    Murder in Baghdad (Maʿsāt al-Ḥallāj)Murder in Baghdad.James A. Bellamy, Ṣalāḥ ʿAbd al-Ṣabbur, Khalil I. Semaan & Salah Abd al-Sabbur - 1975 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (1):135.
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Basso, KH 160 Bauer, J. 169 Becker, AL 133, 137 Beeman, W. 67.J. Benjamin, Ahmed Al-Shahi, P. C. Almond, R. Alter, Idi49 Amin, Samir Amin, Rabbi Yehudah Amital, N. T. Ammerman, R. M. Anderson & A. Appadurai - 1995 - In Wendy James (ed.), The Pursuit of Certainty: Religious and Cultural Formulations. Routledge.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  8
    How Norway’s Sovereign Wealth Fund Negative Screening Affects Firms’ Value and Behaviour.Khalil Al Ayoubi & Geoffroy Enjolras - 2021 - Business Ethics: A European Review 30 (1):19-37.
    Business Ethics: A European Review, EarlyView.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  2
    Al-Mu'jam al-'Aṣri fi al-Inkilīzi w-al-'ArabiAl-DhikraAl-'Uṣūr al-QadīmahAl-Mu'jam al-'Asri fi al-Inkilizi w-al-'ArabiAl-'Usur al-Qadimah.Philip K. Hitti, Khalīl Sa'D., Paul Erdman, As'ad Khayrallah, Tennyson, Anīs Khūri al-Maqdisi, Dāwūd Qurbān, Khalil Sa'D., Anis Khuri al-Maqdisi & Dawud Qurban - 1929 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 49:85.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  16
    Kitāb Al-Wāfi Bi-Al-WafayātKitab Al-Wafi Bi-Al-Wafayat.Philip K. Hitti, Ṣalah-al-Dīn Khalīl ibn-Aybak al-Ṣafadi, Hellmut Ritter & Salah-al-Din Khalil ibn-Aybak al-Safadi - 1934 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 54 (2):214.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  14
    A Glimpse Into Traditional Outlook Towards Health: A Literature Review. [REVIEW]Samir Al-Adawi - 1993 - Journal of Medical Humanities 14 (2):67-79.
    Traditional healing processes are delivering health needs to a large number of people in many developing countries. This paper reviews traditional healers' knowledge about concepts of health, etiology, anatomical and physiological knowledge, diagnosis and treatment and management of abnormality.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Samir Kassir Square in Beirut-Urban Open Space in the Lebanese Capital.Mohammad Al-Asad & Federico Alvarez Arrieta - 2007 - Topos 61:23.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  21
    Tawba in the Sufi Psychology of Abū Ṭālib Al-MakkĪ.Atif Khalil - 2012 - Journal of Islamic Studies 23 (3):294-324.
    The article examines the nature of tawba, usually translated as ‘repentance’, in the thought of Abū Țālib al-Makkī . Makkī’s most comprehensive discussion of this topic appears in the thirty-second chapter of his Qūt al-qulūb , one of the most widely reads works of the early Sufi tradition. It is the longest single sustained treatment of tawba, written from the perspective of Sufi spiritual psychology, currently available to us from the first four centuries of Islam. By drawing on Revelation as (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Identificación de "al-Qurtubi", autor de al I'lam bima fi din al-nasará min al- fasad wa-l-awaham.Samir Kaddouri - 2000 - Al-Qantara 21 (1):215-220.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  8
    Tawba in the Sufi Psychology of Abu Talib Al-MakkI.A. Khalil - 2012 - Journal of Islamic Studies 23 (3):294-324.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  6
    Deciphering Mirror Neurons: Rational Decision Versus Associative Learning.Elias L. Khalil - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):206-207.
    The rational-decision approach is superior to the associative-learning approach of Cook et al. at explaining why mirror neurons (MNs) fire or do not fire – even when the stimulus is the same. The rational-decision approach is superior because it starts with the analysis of the intention of the organism, i.e., with the identification of the specific objective or goal that the organism is trying to maximize.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  13
    Knowledge and Power in the Philosophies of Ḥamīd Al-Dīn Kirmānī and Mullā Ṣadrā Shirazi by Sayeh Meisami.S. Khalil Toussi - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1-6.
    The book is the first dedicated volume in English on some aspects of Ḥamīd Dīn Kirmānī's and Mullā Ṣadrā's political thought.Kirmānī was a key Isma'ili figure who represented and advocated "moderate" Isma'ili thought during the imamate of the Fatimid imam/caliph in Cairo, al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allah. Mullā Ṣadrā is the most eminent Shi'Imami philosopher in the last four hundred years and the founder of the school of transcendent philosophy who has received huge attention in Muslim and in Western academia.In her extremely (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  5
    Algebra Wa Al-Muqabala: An Essay by the Uniquely Wise Rhringabel Fath Omar Bin Al-Khayyam on Algebra and Equations * by Omar Khayyam, Translated by Roshdi Khalil.K. Devlin - 2009 - Journal of Islamic Studies 20 (3):428-430.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  1
    Flood Detection and Susceptibility Mapping Using Sentinel-1 Time Series, Alternating Decision Trees, and Bag-ADTree Models.Ayub Mohammadi, Khalil Valizadeh Kamran, Sadra Karimzadeh, Himan Shahabi & Nadhir Al-Ansari - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-21.
    Flooding is one of the most damaging natural hazards globally. During the past three years, floods have claimed hundreds of lives and millions of dollars of damage in Iran. In this study, we detected flood locations and mapped areas susceptible to floods using time series satellite data analysis as well as a new model of bagging ensemble-based alternating decision trees, namely, bag-ADTree. We used Sentinel-1 data for flood detection and time series analysis. We employed twelve conditioning parameters of elevation, normalized (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  3
    Instance Reduction for Avoiding Overfitting in Decision Trees.Bayan Abu Shawar, Mohamed Habib, Khalil El Hindi, Mousa Al-Akhras & Asma’ Amro - 2021 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 30 (1):438-459.
    Decision trees learning is one of the most practical classification methods in machine learning, which is used for approximating discrete-valued target functions. However, they may overfit the training data, which limits their ability to generalize to unseen instances. In this study, we investigated the use of instance reduction techniques to smooth the decision boundaries before training the decision trees. Noise filters such as ENN, RENN, and ALLKNN remove noisy instances while DROP3 and DROP5 may remove genuine instances. Extensive empirical experiments (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  8
    Are Addictions “Biases and Errors” in the Rational Decision Process?Elias L. Khalil - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):449-450.
    Redish et al. view addictions as errors arising from the weak access points of the system of decision-making. They do not analytically distinguish between addictions, on the one hand, and errors highlighted by behavioural decision theory, such as over-confidence, representativeness heuristics, conjunction fallacy, and so on, on the other. Redish et al.'s decision-making framework may not be comprehensive enough to capture addictions.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  32
    How Did Islam Contribute to Change the Legal Status of Women: The Case of the Jawari or the Female Slaves.Khalil Athamina - 2007 - Al-Qantara 28 (2):383-408.
    Este artículo analiza los cambios que se produjeron en el estatus legal de las esclavas (yawari) con la introducción y expansión del islam entre los árabes. El autor analiza tanto las causas religiosas como las debidas a factores históricos y sociales: cambio en los criterios del reparto del botín de guerra, en el trato y uso de las prisioneras de guerra, introducción del concepto de umm al-walad, etc. Igualmente, se estudia la repercusión social que tuvieron estos cambios para las esclavas (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. The Tribal Kings in Pre-Islamic Arabia.Khalil Athamina - 1998 - Al-Qantara 19 (1):19-38.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. The Art of Debate in Islam: Ṭaşköprüzade’s Ādāb Al-Baḥth Wa Al-Munāẓarah.Syamsuddin Arif - 2020 - Afkār 22 (1):187-216.
    This article presents an analysis of a short treatise entitled Ādāb al-Baḥth wa al-Munāẓarah (The art of discussion and disputation) by the celebrated Ottoman scholar Abu al-Khayr ‘Iṣām al-Dīn Aḥmad ibn Muṣṭafā ibn Khalīl Ṭāshkubrīzādah or Ṭaşköprüzade (d. 968 AH/ 1561 CE). An overview of the nomenclature and a brief introduction about the author and his work will be presented along with an annotated English translation of the text in order to highlight Ṭaşköprüzade’s contribution to this nearly forgotten discipline.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  20
    Linguistique Arabe.Roshdi Rashed - 2013 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 23 (1):167-170.
    La linguistique arabe est sans aucun doute la première science conçue et cultivée en arabe pour répondre à certains besoins scientifiques et idéologiques de la nouvelle société islamique. Les premiers travaux en ce domaine datent du VIII e siècle, et leurs auteurs, les premiers linguistes, sont précisément contemporains de l'arabisation des institutions, de l'administration, de la monnaie etc., sous le Khalife Omeyade ʿAbd al-Malik ibn Marwān. Ces premiers travaux étaient intimement liés à l'exégèse coranique, à l'orthoépie coranique, à la jurisprudence (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  74
    Beyond Self-Interest and Altruism: A Reconstruction of Adam Smith's Theory of Human Conduct: Elias L. Khalil.Elias L. Khalil - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):255-273.
    I attempt a reconstruction of Adam Smith's view of human nature as explicated in The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Smith's view of human conduct is neither functionalist nor reductionist, but interactionist. The moral autonomy of the individual, conscience, is neither made a function of public approval nor reduced to self-contained impulses of altruism and egoism. Smith does not see human conduct as a blend of independently defined impulses. Rather, conduct is unified, by the underpinning sentiment of sympathy.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  32. How Do Natural Selection and Random Drift Interact?Marshall Abrams - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):666-679.
    One controversy about the existence of so called evolutionary forces such as natural selection and random genetic drift concerns the sense in which such “forces” can be said to interact. In this paper I explain how natural selection and random drift can interact. In particular, I show how population-level probabilities can be derived from individual-level probabilities, and explain the sense in which natural selection and drift are embodied in these population-level probabilities. I argue that whatever causal character the individual-level probabilities (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  33. Evolution and the Levels of Selection.Samir Okasha - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? The question of levels of selection - on which biologists and philosophers have long disagreed - is central to evolutionary theory and to the philosophy of biology. Samir Okasha's comprehensive analysis gives a clear account of the philosophical issues at stake in the current debate.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   160 citations  
  34. Evolution and the Levels of Selection.Samir Okasha - 2009 - Critica 41 (123):162-170.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   220 citations  
  35.  2
    The Brazilian Matrix: Between Fascism and Neo-Liberalism: Vladimir Safatle and Samir Gandesha in Conversation.Samir Gandesha - 2020 - Krisis | Journal for Contemporary Philosophy 40 (1):215-233.
    This is a conversation that took place at Dr. Vladimir Safatle’s São Paulo home on 16 February, 2019, during Dr. Samir Gandesha’s time as a Visiting Professor at the Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas -FFLCH-USP. It addresses the South American roots of the authoritarian Neoliberalism that has now become a truly global phenomenon.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  5
    Philosophy of Biology: A Very Short Introduction.Samir Okasha - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Covering some of science's most divisive topics, such as philosophical issues in genetics and evolution, the philosophy of biology also encompasses more traditional philosophical questions, such as free will, essentialism, and nature vs nurture. Here, Samir Okasha outlines the core issues with which contemporary philosophy of biology is engaged.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  37. Darwinian Metaphysics: Species and the Question of Essentialism.Samir Okasha - 2002 - Synthese 131 (2):191-213.
    Biologists and philosophers of biology typically regard essentialism about speciesas incompatible with modern Darwinian theory. Analytic metaphysicians such asKripke, Putnam and Wiggins, on the other hand, believe that their essentialist thesesare applicable to biological kinds. I explore this tension. I show that standard anti-essentialist considerations only show that species do not have intrinsic essential properties. I argue that while Putnam and Kripke do make assumptions that contradict received biological opinion, their model of natural kinds, suitably modified, is partially applicable to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   96 citations  
  38. Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction.Samir Okasha - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    What is science? Is there a real difference between science and myth? Is science objective? Can science explain everything? This Very Short Introduction provides a concise overview of the main themes of contemporary philosophy of science. Beginning with a short history of science to set the scene, Samir Okasha goes on to investigate the nature of scientific reasoning, scientific explanation, revolutions in science, and theories such as realism and anti-realism. He also looks at philosophical issues in particular sciences, including (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  39.  11
    Real Images Flow: Mullā Sadrā Meets Film-Philosophy.Laura U. Marks - 2016 - Film-Philosophy 20 (1):24-46.
    The eastern Islamic concept of the imaginal realm, which explains how supra-sensory realities present themselves to imaginative perception, can enrich the imagination of film-philosophy. The imaginal realm, in Arabic ‘alam al-mithal, world of images, or ‘alam al-khayal, imaginative world, is part of a triadic ontology of sensible, imaginal, and intelligible realms. Diverging from roots shared with Western thought in the concept of the imaginative faculty, the Islamic imaginal realm is supra-individual and more real than matter. The imaginal realm is a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  16
    Reply to Dennett, Gardner and Rubin: Samir Okasha: Agents and Goals in Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, Xiv+254 Pp, £30.00 HB.Samir Okasha - 2019 - Metascience 28 (3):373-382.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Theory Choice and Social Choice: Kuhn Versus Arrow.Samir Okasha - 2011 - Mind 120 (477):83-115.
    Kuhn’s famous thesis that there is ‘no unique algorithm’ for choosing between rival scientific theories is analysed using the machinery of social choice theory. It is shown that the problem of theory choice as posed by Kuhn is formally identical to a standard social choice problem. This suggests that analogues of well-known results from the social choice literature, such as Arrow’s impossibility theorem, may apply to theory choice. If an analogue of Arrow’s theorem does hold for theory choice this would (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   42 citations  
  42.  24
    Derrida and the Inheritance of Democracy.Samir Haddad - 2013 - Indiana University Press.
    Derrida and the Inheritance of Democracy provides a theoretically rich and accessible account of Derrida's political philosophy. Demonstrating the key role inheritance plays in Derrida’s thinking, Samir Haddad develops a general theory of inheritance and shows how it is essential to democratic action. He transforms Derrida’s well-known idea of "democracy to come" into active engagement with democratic traditions. Haddad focuses on issues such as hospitality, justice, normativity, violence, friendship, birth, and the nature of democracy as he reads these deeply (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  43. Van Fraassen's Critique Of Inference To The Best Explanation.Samir Okasha - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (4):691-710.
  44.  85
    The Relation Between Kin and Multilevel Selection: An Approach Using Causal Graphs.Samir Okasha - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (2):435-470.
    Kin selection and multilevel selection are alternative approaches for studying the evolution of social behaviour, the relation between which has long been a source of controversy. Many recent theorists regard the two approaches as ultimately equivalent, on the grounds that gene frequency change can be correctly expressed using either. However, this shows only that the two are formally equivalent, not that they offer equally good causal representations of the evolutionary process. This article articulates the notion of an ‘adequate causal representation’ (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  45. On the Interpretation of Decision Theory.Samir Okasha - forthcoming - Economics and Philosophy:1-25.
  46.  41
    Attitudes, Understanding, and Concerns Regarding Medical Research Amongst Egyptians: A Qualitative Pilot Study. [REVIEW]Susan S. Khalil, Henry J. Silverman, May Raafat, Samer El-Kamary & Maged El-Setouhy - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):9.
    Medical research must involve the participation of human subjects. Knowledge of patients' perspectives and concerns with their involvement in research would enhance recruitment efforts, improve the informed consent process, and enhance the overall trust between patients and investigators. Several studies have examined the views of patients from Western countries. There is limited empirical research involving the perspectives of individuals from developing countries. The purpose of this study is to examine the attitudes of Egyptian individuals toward medical research. Such information would (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  47.  67
    Group Adaptation, Formal Darwinism and Contextual Analysis.Samir Okasha & Cedric Paternotte - 2012 - Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25 (6):1127–1139.
    We consider the question: under what circumstances can the concept of adaptation be applied to groups, rather than individuals? Gardner and Grafen (2009, J. Evol. Biol.22: 659–671) develop a novel approach to this question, building on Grafen's ‘formal Darwinism’ project, which defines adaptation in terms of links between evolutionary dynamics and optimization. They conclude that only clonal groups, and to a lesser extent groups in which reproductive competition is repressed, can be considered as adaptive units. We re-examine the conditions under (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  48.  72
    Multilevel Selection and the Major Transitions in Evolution.Samir Okasha - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1013-1025.
    A number of recent biologists have used multi-level selection theory to help explain the major transitions in evolution. I argue that in doing so, they have shifted from a ‘synchronic’ to a ‘diachronic’ formulation of the levels of selection question. The implications of this shift in perspective are explored, in relation to an ambiguity in the meaning of multi-level selection. Though the ambiguity is well-known, it has never before been discussed in the context of the major transitions.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  49. What Did Hume Really Show About Induction?Samir Okasha - 2001 - Philosophical Quarterly 51 (204):307-327.
    Many philosophers agree that Hume was not simply objecting to inductive inferences on the grounds of their logical invalidity and that his description of our inductive behaviour was inadequate, but none the less regard his argument against induction as irrefutable. I argue that this constellation of opinions contains a serious tension. In the light of the tension, I re-examine Hume’s actual sceptical argument and show that the argument as it stands is valid but unsound. I argue that it can only (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  50.  76
    On Arrow’s Theorem and Scientific Rationality: Reply to Morreau and Stegenga.Samir Okasha - 2015 - Mind 124 (493):279-294.
    In a recent article I compared the problem of theory choice, in which scientists must choose between competing theories, with the problem of social choice, in which society must choose between competing social alternatives. I argued that the formal machinery of social choice theory can be used to shed light on the problem of theory choice in science, an argument that has been criticized by Michael Morreau and Jacob Stegenga. This article replies to Morreau’s and Stegenga’s criticisms.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
1 — 50 / 998