25 found
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  1. Foundations of Human Sociality - Economic Experiments and Ethnographic: Evidence From Fifteen Small-Scale Societies.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr & Herbert Gintis (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    What motives underlie the ways humans interact socially? Are these the same for all societies? Are these part of our nature, or influenced by our environments?Over the last decade, research in experimental economics has emphatically falsified the textbook representation of Homo economicus. Literally hundreds of experiments suggest that people care not only about their own material payoffs, but also about such things as fairness, equity and reciprocity. However, this research left fundamental questions unanswered: Are such social preferences stable components of (...)
     
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  2. “Economic Man” in Cross-Cultural Perspective: Behavioral Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe & John Q. Patton - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):795-815.
    Researchers from across the social sciences have found consistent deviations from the predictions of the canonical model of self-interest in hundreds of experiments from around the world. This research, however, cannot determine whether the uniformity results from universal patterns of human behavior or from the limited cultural variation available among the university students used in virtually all prior experimental work. To address this, we undertook a cross-cultural study of behavior in ultimatum, public goods, and dictator games in a range of (...)
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  3. Schooling in Capitalist America: Educational Reform and the Contradiction of Economic Life.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 1977 - Science and Society 41 (2):232-234.
     
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  4. Democracy and Capitalism: Property, Community, and the Contradictions of Modern Social Thought.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 1987 - Science and Society 51 (3):362-364.
  5.  86
    Is Liberal Society a Parasite on Tradition?Samuel Bowles - 2011 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 39 (1):46-81.
  6. A Political and Economic Case for the Democratic Enterprise.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 1993 - Economics and Philosophy 9 (1):75.
    We consider two reasons why firms should be owned and run democratically by their workers. The first concerns accountability : Because the employment relationship involves the exercise of power, its governance should on democratic grounds be accountable to those most directly affected. The second concerns efficiency : The democratic firm uses a lower level of inputs per unit of output than the analogous capitalist firm.
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  7. Models of Decision-Making and the Coevolution of Social Preferences.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe, John Q. Patton & David Tracer - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):838-855.
    We would like to thank the commentators for their generous comments, valuable insights and helpful suggestions. We begin this response by discussing the selfishness axiom and the importance of the preferences, beliefs, and constraints framework as a way of modeling some of the proximate influences on human behavior. Next, we broaden the discussion to ultimate-level (that is evolutionary) explanations, where we review and clarify gene-culture coevolutionary theory, and then tackle the possibility that evolutionary approaches that exclude culture might be sufficient (...)
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  8. Cooperation, Reciprocity and Punishment in Fifteen Small- Scale Societies.Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - unknown
    Recent investigations have uncovered large, consistent deviations from the predictions of the textbook representation of Homo economicus (Roth et al, 1992, Fehr and Gächter, 2000, Camerer 2001). One problem appears to lie in economists’ canonical assumption that individuals are entirely self-interested: in addition to their own material payoffs, many experimental subjects appear to care about fairness and reciprocity, are willing to change the distribution of material outcomes at personal cost, and reward those who act in a cooperative manner while punishing (...)
     
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  9.  20
    Social Preferences, Homo Economicus, and Zoon Politikon.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 2006 - In Robert E. Goodin & Charles Tilly (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis. Oxford University Press. pp. 172--86.
  10. Power and Wealth in a Competitive Capitalist Economy.Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - 1992 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 21 (4):324-353.
  11.  2
    Efficient Redistribution: New Rules for Markets, States, and Communities.Herbert Gintis & Samuel Bowles - 1996 - Politics and Society 24 (4):307-342.
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  12. Beyond the Wasteland: A Democratic Alternative to Economic Decline.Samuel Bowles, David Gordon & Thomas Weisskopf - 1984 - Science and Society 48 (2):224-229.
     
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  13.  3
    The Crisis of Liberal Democratic Capitalism: The Case of the United States.Herbert Gintis & Samuel Bowles - 1982 - Politics and Society 11 (1):51-93.
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  14.  21
    The Punishment That Sustains Cooperation is Often Coordinated and Costly.Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd, Sarah Mathew & Peter J. Richerson - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (1):20 - 21.
    Experiments are not models of cooperation; instead, they demonstrate the presence of the ethical and other-regarding predispositions that often motivate cooperation and the punishment of free-riders. Experimental behavior predicts subjects' cooperation in the field. Ethnographic studies in small-scale societies without formal coercive institutions demonstrate that disciplining defectors is both essential to cooperation and often costly to the punisher.
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  15.  8
    Post-Marxian Economics: Labour, Learning and History.Samuel Bowles - 1985 - Social Science Information 24 (3):507-528.
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  16. David M. Gordon (1944-1996)-Obituary.Samuel Bowles & Thomas Weisskopf - 1996 - Social Research 63 (1):R3 - R5.
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  17.  63
    Economic Institutions as Ecological Niches.Samuel Bowles - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):148-149.
    Economic institutions governing such activities as food sharing among non-kin, the accumulation and inheritance of wealth, and the division of labor and its rewards are human-constructed environments capable of imparting distinctive direction and pace to the process of biological evolution and cultural change. Where differing structures of these institutions take the form of distinct conventions sustained by (near) mutual adherence, small initial differences may support divergent evolutionary trajectories even in the absence of conformist behaviors.
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  18. Recasting Egalitarianism: New Rules for Communities, States and Markets.Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis & Erik Olin Wright - 2000 - Utopian Studies 11 (2):233-235.
  19. The Power of Capital: On the Inadequacy of the Conception of the Capitalist Economy as "Private".Samuel Bowles - 1983 - Philosophical Forum 14 (3):225.
     
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  20. Unequal Chances: Family Background and Economic Success.Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis & Melissa Osborne Groves (eds.) - 2005 - Princeton University Press.
    Is the United States "the land of equal opportunity" or is the playing field tilted in favor of those whose parents are wealthy, well educated, and white? If family background is important in getting ahead, why? And if the processes that transmit economic status from parent to child are unfair, could public policy address the problem? Unequal Chances provides new answers to these questions by leading economists, sociologists, biologists, behavioral geneticists, and philosophers.New estimates show that intergenerational inequality in the United (...)
     
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  21. The Evolution of Altruistic Punishment.Robert Boyd, Herbert Gintis, Samuel Bowles, Peter Richerson & J. - 2003 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100 (6):3531-3535.
     
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  22. Contested Exchange: New Microfoundations for the Political Economy of Capitalism.Herbert Gintis & Samuel Bowles - 1990 - Politics and Society 18 (2):165-222.
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  23. Explaining Altruistic Behaviour in Humans.Herb Gintis, Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd & Fehr & Ernst - 2009 - In Robin Dunbar & Louise Barrett (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  24. Reply to Our Critics.Herbert Gintis & Samuel Bowles - 1990 - Politics and Society 18 (2):293-315.
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  25.  33
    Two Views of Capitalist Stagnation: Underconsumption and Challenges to Capitalist Control.Thomas E. Weisskopf, Samuel Bowles & David M. Gordon - 1985 - Science and Society 49 (3):259 - 286.