8 found
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  1.  57
    Causal Networks or Causal Islands? The Representation of Mechanisms and the Transitivity of Causal Judgment.Samuel G. B. Johnson & Woo-Kyoung Ahn - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (7):1468-1503.
    Knowledge of mechanisms is critical for causal reasoning. We contrasted two possible organizations of causal knowledge—an interconnected causal network, where events are causally connected without any boundaries delineating discrete mechanisms; or a set of disparate mechanisms—causal islands—such that events in different mechanisms are not thought to be related even when they belong to the same causal chain. To distinguish these possibilities, we tested whether people make transitive judgments about causal chains by inferring, given A causes B and B causes C, (...)
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  2.  18
    Conviction Narrative Theory: A theory of choice under radical uncertainty.Samuel G. B. Johnson, Avri Bilovich & David Tuckett - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e82.
    Conviction Narrative Theory (CNT) is a theory of choice underradical uncertainty– situations where outcomes cannot be enumerated and probabilities cannot be assigned. Whereas most theories of choice assume that people rely on (potentially biased) probabilistic judgments, such theories cannot account for adaptive decision-making when probabilities cannot be assigned. CNT proposes that people usenarratives– structured representations of causal, temporal, analogical, and valence relationships – rather than probabilities, as the currency of thought that unifies our sense-making and decision-making faculties. According to CNT, (...)
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  3.  36
    Intuitions about mathematical beauty: A case study in the aesthetic experience of ideas.Samuel G. B. Johnson & Stefan Steinerberger - 2019 - Cognition 189 (C):242-259.
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  4.  21
    Principles of moral accounting: How our intuitive moral sense balances rights and wrongs.Samuel G. B. Johnson & Jaye Ahn - 2021 - Cognition 206:104467.
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  5.  20
    Narratives, probabilities, and the currency of thought.Samuel G. B. Johnson, Avri Bilovich & David Tuckett - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e110.
    Whereas most commentators agree about the centrality of narratives in decision-making, the commentaries revealed little consensus about the nature of radical uncertainty. Here we consider thirteen objections to our views, including our characterization of the uncertain decision environment and associated cognitive, affective, and social processes. We conclude that under radical uncertainty, narratives rather than probabilities are the currency of thought.
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  6.  18
    Financial alchemists and financial shamans.Samuel G. B. Johnson - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  7.  5
    Nudges, regulations, and behavioral public choice.Samuel G. B. Johnson & Jason Dana - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e164.
    Chater & Loewenstein have done a service to the field by raising the fundamental issue of how the political process distorts well-intentioned efforts at behavioral public policy. We connect this argument to broader research on government failure, particularly public choice theory in economics. We further suggest ways that behavioral research can help identify and mitigate such failures.
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  8.  19
    Why do people believe in a zero-sum economy?Samuel G. B. Johnson - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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