Results for 'Samuli P��yh��nen'

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  1.  75
    Computational Complexity of Some Ramsey Quantifiers in Finite Models.Marcin Mostowski & Jakub Szymanik - 2007 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 13:281--282.
    The problem of computational complexity of semantics for some natural language constructions – considered in [M. Mostowski, D. Wojtyniak 2004] – motivates an interest in complexity of Ramsey quantifiers in finite models. In general a sentence with a Ramsey quantifier R of the following form Rx, yH(x, y) is interpreted as ∃A(A is big relatively to the universe ∧A2 ⊆ H). In the paper cited the problem of the complexity of the Hintikka sentence is reduced to the problem of computational (...)
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  2. Value of Cognitive Diversity in Science.Samuli Pöyhönen - 2017 - Synthese 194 (11):4519-4540.
    When should a scientific community be cognitively diverse? This article presents a model for studying how the heterogeneity of learning heuristics used by scientist agents affects the epistemic efficiency of a scientific community. By extending the epistemic landscapes modeling approach introduced by Weisberg and Muldoon, the article casts light on the micro-mechanisms mediating cognitive diversity, coordination, and problem-solving efficiency. The results suggest that social learning and cognitive diversity produce epistemic benefits only when the epistemic community is faced with problems of (...)
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  3.  61
    Omnipotence: P. T. Geach.P. T. Geach - 1973 - Philosophy 48 (183):7-20.
    It is fortunate for my purposes that English has the two words ‘almighty’ and ‘omnipotent’, and that apart from any stipulation by me the words have rather different associations and suggestions. ‘Almighty’ is the familiar word that comes in the creeds of the Church; ‘omnipotent’ is at home rather in formal theological discussions and controversies, e.g. about miracles and about the problem of evil. ‘Almighty’ derives by way of Latin ‘omnipotens’ from the Greek word ‘ pantokratōr ’; and both this (...)
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  4.  60
    Explanatory Power of Extended Cognition.Samuli Pöyhönen - 2014 - Philosophical Psychology 27 (5):735-759.
    I argue that examining the explanatory power of the hypothesis of extended cognition (HEC) offers a fruitful approach to the problem of cognitive system demarcation. Although in the discussions on HEC it has become common to refer to considerations of explanatory power as a means for assessing the plausibility of the extended cognition approach, to date no satisfying account of explanatory power has been presented in the literature. I suggest that the currently most prominent theory of explanation in the special (...)
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  5.  27
    Argumentative Landscapes: The Function of Models in Social Epistemology.N. Emrah Aydinonat, Samuli Reijula & Petri Ylikoski - forthcoming - Synthese 199 (1-2):369-395.
    We argue that the appraisal of models in social epistemology requires conceiving of them as argumentative devices, taking into account the argumentative context and adopting a family-of-models perspective. We draw up such an account and show how it makes it easier to see the value and limits of the use of models in social epistemology. To illustrate our points, we document and explicate the argumentative role of epistemic landscape models in social epistemology and highlight their limitations. We also claim that (...)
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  6.  73
    What is Mechanistic Evidence, and Why Do We Need It for Evidence-Based Policy?Caterina Marchionni & Samuli Reijula - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 73:54-63.
    It has recently been argued that successful evidence-based policy should rely on two kinds of evidence: statistical and mechanistic. The former is held to be evidence that a policy brings about the desired outcome, and the latter concerns how it does so. Although agreeing with the spirit of this proposal, we argue that the underlying conception of mechanistic evidence as evidence that is different in kind from correlational, difference-making or statistical evidence, does not correctly capture the role that information about (...)
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  7.  28
    P-Curve: A Key to the File-Drawer.Uri Simonsohn, Leif D. Nelson & Joseph P. Simmons - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):534-547.
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  8.  15
    Better P-Curves: Making P-Curve Analysis More Robust to Errors, Fraud, and Ambitious P-Hacking, a Reply to Ulrich and Miller.Uri Simonsohn, Joseph P. Simmons & Leif D. Nelson - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (6):1146-1152.
  9. Memory as a Cognitive Kind: Brains, Remembering Dyads, and Exograms.Samuli Pöyhönen - 2016 - In Catherine Kendig (ed.), Natural Kinds and Classification in Scientific Practice. Routledge. pp. 145-156.
    Theories of natural kinds can be seen to face a twofold task: First, they should provide an ontological account of what kinds of (fundamental) things there are, what exists. The second task is an epistemological one, accounting for the inductive reliability of acceptable scientific concepts. In this chapter I examine whether concepts and categories used in the cognitive sciences should be understood as natural kinds. By using examples from human memory research to illustrate my argument, I critically examine some of (...)
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  10.  83
    The Philosophy of P.F. Strawson.P. F. Strawson, Pranab Kumar Sen & Roop Rekha Verma (eds.) - 1995 - Allied Publishers.
    Festschrift honoring P.F. Strawson; includes contributed articles on his contributions in logic and on logic.
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  11. E Smith, P.P. Carruthers - 1996 - In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), Theories of Theories of Mind. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  12.  38
    Events, Ontology and Grammar: P. M. S. Hacker.P. M. S. Hacker - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (222):477-486.
    In recent years philosophers have given much attention to the ‘ontological problem’ of events. Donald Davidson puts the matter thus: ‘the assumption, ontological and metaphysical, that there are events is one without which we cannot make sense of much of our common talk; or so, at any rate, I have been arguing. I do not know of any better, or further, way of showing what there is’. It might be thought bizarre to assign to philosophers the task of ‘showing what (...)
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  13. P. Basso, Il secolo geometrico. La questione del metodo matematico in filosofia da Spinoza a Kant, Le Lettere, Firenze 2004.P. Cantù - 2007 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 62 (3):620-621.
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  14.  13
    The Benefits of Looking at Intraindividual Dynamics in Cognitive Training Data.Tanja Könen & Julia Karbach - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  15. P.F. Strawson: Prosopa.Pantazes D. Tselemanes, P. F. Strawson & Konstantinos Ioannou Voudoures - 1980 - [S.N.].
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  16.  69
    Modeling Epistemic Communities.Samuli Reijula & Jaakko Kuorikoski - forthcoming - In Miranda Fricker, Peter J. Graham, David Henderson & Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology. Routledge.
    We review the most prominent modeling approaches in social epistemology aimed at understand- ing the functioning of epistemic communities and provide a philosophy of science perspective on the use and interpretation of such simple toy models, thereby suggesting how they could be integrated with conceptual and empirical work. We highlight the need for better integration of such models with relevant findings from disciplines such as social psychology and organization studies.
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  17.  24
    Carving the Mind by its Joints. Natural Kinds and Social Construction in Psychiatry.Samuli Pöyhönen - 2013 - In Talmont-Kaminski K. Milkowski M. (ed.), Regarding the Mind, Naturally: Naturalist Approaches to the Sciences of the Mental. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 30-48.
    I propound a mechanistic theory of natural kinds in the human sciences. By examining a culture- bound psychiatric disorder, bulimia nervosa, I illustrate how partially socially constructed phenomena raise a serious challenge to traditional theories of natural kinds. As a solution to the challenge, I show how the mechanistic approach allows us to include real but partly socially sustained phenomena among natural kinds. This is desirable because the theory of natural kinds supplies the human sciences with a clear normative account (...)
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  18.  23
    The Diversity-Ability Trade-Off in Scientific Problem Solving.Samuli Reijula & Jaakko Kuorikoski - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science (Supplement).
    According to the diversity-beats-ability theorem, groups of diverse problem solvers can outperform groups of high-ability problem solvers. We argue that the model introduced by Lu Hong and Scott Page is inadequate for exploring the trade-off between diversity and ability. This is because the model employs an impoverished implementation of the problem-solving task. We present a new version of the model which captures the role of ‘ability’ in a meaningful way, and use it to explore the trade-offs between diversity and ability (...)
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  19.  37
    Natural Kinds and Concept Eliminativism.Samuli Pöyhönen - 2013 - In Vassilios Karakostas & Dennis Dieks (eds.), Epsa11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 167--179.
    Recently in the philosophy of psychology it has been suggested that several putative phenomena such as emotions, memory, or concepts are not genuine natural kinds and should therefore be eliminated from the vocabulary of scientific psychology. In this paper I examine the perhaps most well known case of scientific eliminativism, Edouard Machery’s concept eliminativism. I argue that the split-lump-eliminate scheme of con- ceptual change underlying Machery’s eliminativist proposal assumes a simplistic view of the functioning of scientific concepts. Conceiving of scientific (...)
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  20.  3
    The Diversity-Ability Trade-Off in Scientific Problem Solving.Samuli Reijula & Jaakko Kuorikoski - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (5):894-905.
    According to the diversity-beats-ability theorem, groups of diverse problem solvers can outperform groups of high-ability problem solvers. We argue that the model introduced by Lu Hong and Scott Page is inadequate for exploring the trade-off between diversity and ability. This is because the model employs an impoverished implementation of the problem-solving task. We present a new version of the model that captures the role of ‘ability’ in a meaningful way, and we use it to explore the trade-offs between diversity and (...)
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  21.  26
    P∨~P.P. E. Griffiths - unknown
    Pv~P: Cambridge Journal of Undergraduate Philosophy, Issue 1, 1982.
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  22. Hacking, Ian (1936–).Samuli Reijula - 2021 - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Ian Hacking (born in 1936, Vancouver, British Columbia) is most well-known for his work in the philosophy of the natural and social sciences, but his contributions to philosophy are broad, spanning many areas and traditions. In his detailed case studies of the development of probabilistic and statistical reasoning, Hacking pioneered the naturalistic approach in the philosophy of science. Hacking’s research on social constructionism, transient mental illnesses, and the looping effect of the human kinds make use of historical materials to shed (...)
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  23. TILLICH, P. -Theology of Culture. [REVIEW]P. Winch - 1960 - Mind 69:424.
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  24.  13
    F. P. Ramsey: Philosophical Papers.F. P. Ramsey - 1990 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    A compilation of all previously published writings on philosophy and the foundations of mathematics from the greatest of the generation of Cambridge scholars that included G.E. Moore, Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Maynard Keynes.
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  25.  47
    Intentional Concepts in Cognitive Neuroscience.Samuli Pöyhönen - 2014 - Philosophical Explorations 17 (1):93-109.
    In this article, I develop an account of the use of intentional predicates in cognitive neuroscience explanations. As pointed out by Maxwell Bennett and Peter Hacker, intentional language abounds in neuroscience theories. According to Bennett and Hacker, the subpersonal use of intentional predicates results in conceptual confusion. I argue against this overly strong conclusion by evaluating the contested language use in light of its explanatory function. By employing conceptual resources from the contemporary philosophy of science, I show that although the (...)
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  26. CHARDIN, P. T. De - "The Phenomenon of Man". [REVIEW]P. B. Medawar - 1961 - Mind 70:99.
     
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  27. CHAUDHURY, P. J. -The Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]P. Alexander - 1956 - Mind 65:567.
  28. P Robbins's The British Hegelians. [REVIEW]P. Nicholson - 1983 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 7:48-50.
     
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  29. A Brief Discussion of One Aspect of the Shangtong Idea+ the Subjectivity of Individuality and the Tradition of Autocracy in China.Yh Wang - 1990 - Chinese Studies in Philosophy 22 (1):3-10.
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  30. Adhere to and Carry Forward Mao-Zedong Thought, Some Appreciations After Studying'selections From Deng Xiaoping'.Yh Wang, A. N. Qm & Sw Zhang - 1984 - Chinese Studies in Philosophy 15 (3):75-87.
     
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  31.  47
    Personal Identity and Brain Transplants: P. F. Snowdon.P. F. Snowdon - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 29:109-126.
    My topic is personal identity, or rather, our identity. There is general, but not, of course, unanimous, agreement that it is wrong to give an account of what is involved in, and essential to, our persistence over time which requires the existence of immaterial entities, but, it seems to me, there is no consensus about how, within, what might be called this naturalistic framework, we should best procede. This lack of consensus, no doubt, reflects the difficulty, which must strike anyone (...)
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  32. Philosophy: A Contribution, Not to Human Knowledge, but to Human Understanding: P. M. S. Hacker.P. M. S. Hacker - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 65:129-153.
    Throughout its history philosophy has been thought to be a member of a community of intellectual disciplines united by their common pursuit of knowledge. It has sometimes been thought to be the queen of the sciences, at other times merely their under-labourer. But irrespective of its social status, it was held to be a participant in the quest for knowledge – a cognitive discipline.
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  33. Truthmakers, Realism and Ontology1: Ross P. Cameron.Ross P. Cameron - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 62:107-128.
    Together, these entail that for every true proposition p, there exists some thing which could not exist and p be false.
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  34.  21
    Haüy and A.-P. Candolle: Crystallography, Botanical Systematics, and Comparative Morphology, 1780-1840. [REVIEW]P. F. Stevens - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (1):49 - 82.
  35.  41
    Solution to the P − W Problem.E. P. Martin & R. K. Meyer - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (4):869-887.
  36. TRUTH – A Conversation Between P F Strawson and Gareth Evans (1973).P. F. Strawson & Gareth Evans - manuscript
    This is a transcript of a conversation between P F Strawson and Gareth Evans in 1973, filmed for The Open University. Under the title 'Truth', Strawson and Evans discuss the question as to whether the distinction between genuinely fact-stating uses of language and other uses can be grounded on a theory of truth, especially a 'thin' notion of truth in the tradition of F P Ramsey.
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  37.  62
    Allen P. F. Sell. John Locke and the Eighteenth Century Divines. (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1997.) Pp. 444. £40.00 Hbk. [REVIEW]A. B. P. - 1998 - Religious Studies 34 (2):231-234.
  38. “Oh Talking Voice That Is So Sweet”: The Poetic.Deborah Tan Nen - 1998 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 65:3.
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  39.  66
    A New Horace Q. Horati Flacci Opera. Oeuvres, d'Horace Texte latin, avec un Commentaire critique et explicatif des Introductions et des Tables, par F. Plessis et P. Lejay. Q. Horati Flacci Satirae. Satires, publiées par Paul Lejay. Pp. 623. Paris : Hachette et Cie., 1911. 15 frs. [REVIEW]O. P. A. - 1913 - The Classical Review 27 (06):202-205.
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  40.  31
    Maulid-Feste: Kontinuität und soziale Funktion im modernen Ägypten.Samuli Schielke - 2006 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 83 (1):187-197.
    I. Ein buntes Plakat am Eingang einer Grabmoschee lud im Juli 1999 in Kairo zum Maulid eines walī ein.
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  41. FRANK, P. - Modern Science and its Philosophy. [REVIEW]P. Black - 1950 - Mind 59:404.
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  42. DUHEM P. - "La théorie physique". [REVIEW]P. Boutroux - 1907 - Scientia 1 (1):149.
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  43. Duhem P. - "la Théorie Physique". [REVIEW]P. Boutroux - 1907 - Scientia, Rivista di Scienza 1 (1):149.
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  44. FRENCH, P.-The Virtues of Vengeance.P. E. Devine - 2003 - Philosophical Books 44 (3):282-282.
     
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  45. PARRINI, P. "Linguaggio E Teoria". [REVIEW]P. Foulkes - 1978 - Mind 87:303.
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  46. GEACH, P. T. "Providence and Evil". [REVIEW]P. Helm - 1979 - Mind 88:459.
     
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  47. E. P. BOS "Marsilius of Inghen: Treatises on the Properties of Terms". [REVIEW]P. King - 1985 - History and Philosophy of Logic 6 (2):223.
  48. P. BENACERRAF and H. PUTNAM "Philosophy of Mathematics. Selected Readings". [REVIEW]P. Kitcher - 1985 - History and Philosophy of Logic 6 (2):236.
     
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  49. The Philosophy of P. F. Strawson.P. Kumar (ed.) - 1995 - Indian Council for Philosophical Research.
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  50. P. ANCIAUX, F. D'HOOGH, J. GHOOS, "Le Dynamisme de la Morale Chrétienne". [REVIEW]P. Langevin - 1971 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 27 (2):195.
     
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