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Sandra Waddock [46]Sandra A. Waddock [11]
  1.  24
    Parallel Universes: Companies, Academics, and the Progress of Corporate Citizenship.Sandra Waddock - 2004 - Business and Society Review 109 (1):5-42.
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  2.  34
    Creating Corporate Accountability: Foundational Principles to Make Corporate Citizenship Real. [REVIEW]Sandra Waddock - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (4):313-327.
    This paper explores the growing array of initiatives aimed at creating corporate accountability with the goal of attempting to uncover the foundation principles that underlie them and create a floor below which practices are ethically questionable. Using the Global Compact's nine principles and the work of Transparency International as guides, foundational principles seem to exist in the areas of human rights, labor standards, environment, and anti-corruption initiatives.
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  3.  25
    Accountability in a Global Economy: The Emergence of International Accountability Standards.Sandra Waddock - 2011 - Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (1):23-44.
    This article assesses the proliferation of international accountability standards (IAS) in the recent past. We provide a comprehensive overview about the different types of standards and discuss their role as part of a new institutional infrastructure for corporate responsibility. Based on this, it is argued that IAS can advance corporate responsibility on a global level because they contribute to the closure of some omnipresent governance gaps. IAS also improve the preparedness of an organization to give an explanation and a justification (...)
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  4.  10
    Relationships: The Real Challenge of Corporate Global Citizenship.Sandra Waddock & Neil Smith - 2000 - Business and Society Review 105 (1):47-62.
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  5.  8
    Leaving the Road to Abilene: A Pragmatic Approach to Addressing the Normative Paradox of Responsible Management Education.Dirk C. Moosmayer, Sandra Waddock, Long Wang, Matthias P. Hühn, Claus Dierksmeier & Christopher Gohl - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-20.
    We identify a normative paradox of responsible management education. Business educators aim to promote social values and develop ethical habits and socially responsible mindsets through education, but they attempt to do so with theories that have normative underpinnings and create actual normative effects that counteract their intentions. We identify a limited conceptualization of freedom in economic theorizing as a cause of the paradox. Economic theory emphasizes individual freedom and understands this as the freedom to choose from available options. However, conceptualizing (...)
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  6.  3
    Global Sustainability Governance and the UN Global Compact: A Rejoinder to Critics.Andreas Rasche & Sandra Waddock - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (2):209-216.
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  7.  12
    Quality of Management and Quality of Stakeholder Relations Are They Synonymous?Sandra A. Waddock & Samuel B. Graves - 1997 - Business and Society 36 (3):250-279.
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  8.  15
    Shaping the Shift: Shamanic Leadership, Memes, and Transformation.Sandra Waddock - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 155 (4):931-939.
    The leader as shaman has three central roles: healer, connector, and sensemaker in the service of a better world. This paper argues that today’s leaders acting as shamans could become ‘shapeshifters,’ or more accurately ‘shape the shift,’ that is engage with organizational and systemic change needed to content with major problems like sustainability issues, climate change, and inequality, which business businesses are increasingly being asked to deal with as part of their societal roles. In the role of sensemaker, business leaders (...)
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  9. Beyond Corporate Responsibility: Implications for Management Development.Sandra Waddock & Malcolm Mcintosh - 2009 - Business and Society Review 114 (3):295-325.
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  10.  9
    Fad and Fashion in Shareholder Activism: The Landscape of Shareholder Resolutions, 1988–1998.Samuel B. Graves, Sandra Waddock & Kathleen Rehbein - 2001 - Business and Society Review 106 (4):293-314.
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  11.  10
    Beyond Built to Last ... Stakeholder Relations in “Built‐to‐Last” Companies.Samuel B. Graves & Sandra A. Waddock - 2000 - Business and Society Review 105 (4):393-418.
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  12.  13
    From Individual to Institution: On Making the World Different. [REVIEW]Sandra Waddock - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):9 - 12.
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  13.  26
    Finding Wisdom Within—The Role of Seeing and Reflective Practice in Developing Moral Imagination, Aesthetic Sensibility, and Systems Understanding.Sandra Waddock - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 7:177-196.
    This paper explored the linkages among moral imagination, systems understanding, and aesthetic sensibility as related to the emergence (eventually) of wisdom. I develop a conceptual framework that links these capacities to wisdom through the capacity to “see” moral and ethical issues, which I argue is related to “the good”, to see a realistic understanding of systems in which the observer is embedded, or “the true”, and to appreciate the aesthetic qualities associated with a system or situation, or “the beautiful”. The (...)
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  14.  11
    Visionaries and Wayfinders: Deliberate and Emergent Pathways to Vision in Social Entrepreneurship.Sandra Waddock & Erica Steckler - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 133 (4):719-734.
    This study explores the pathways from the aspiration to make a difference in the world to vision and action of social entrepreneurs. Based on the qualitative analysis of interviews with 23 individuals who have pioneered institutions and initiatives around corporate responsibility, we find two predominant pathways to vision. The deliberate path starts with aspiration and moves through purpose toward a relatively intentional vision that ultimately leads to, and is subsequently informed by, action. The emergent path also begins with aspiration then (...)
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  15.  14
    The Emergence of Total Responsibility Management Systems: J. Sainsbury's (Plc) Voluntary Responsibility Management Systems for Global Food Retail Supply Chains.Jennifer Leigh & Sandra Waddock - 2006 - Business and Society Review 111 (4):409-426.
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  16.  23
    Business Unusual: Corporate Responsibility in a 2.0 World.Sandra Waddock & Malcolm McIntosh - 2011 - Business and Society Review 116 (3):303-330.
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  17.  2
    Determining Best Practice in Corporate-Stakeholder Relations Using Data Envelopment Analysis An Industry-Level Study.Catherine Lerme Bendheim, Sandra A. Waddock & Samuel B. Graves - 1998 - Business and Society 37 (3):306-338.
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  18.  4
    The Good, The Bad, and the Activists.Sandra Waddock, Samuel B. Graves & Kathleen Rehbein - 2001 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 12:517-526.
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  19.  15
    How Do You Measure Corporate Citizenship?Samuel P. Graves, Sandra Waddock & Marjorie Kelly - 2001 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 15 (2):17-17.
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  20.  15
    Networked CSR Governance: A Whole Network Approach to Meta-Governance.Sandra Waddock & Laura Albareda - 2018 - Business and Society 57 (4):636-675.
    Meta-governance is Earth system governance for dealing with the global commons. This article develops a whole network approach to meta-governance to explore the potential for collective action for sustainable development by a loosely coupled network of networks. Networked corporate social responsibility governance has emerged around corporate sustainability and responsibility in the first years of the 21st century. Growing agreements and interactions among CSR initiatives suggest the development, structure, and governance of networked CSR governance as a network that can analytically be (...)
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  21.  10
    Narrative, Memes, and the Prospect of Large Systems Change.Sandra Waddock - 2018 - Humanistic Management Journal 3 (1):17-45.
    Efforts to reorient narratives about today’s socio-economic systems along humanistic or eco-friendly lines are built on core units of culture called memes. This paper explores the memes used by progressive socio-economic initiatives to assess whether they are consistently and powerfully deployed, using the aspirational statements of 126 different initiatives, sorted into nine categories. The memes used by these initiatives demonstrate lack of consistency and lack of potentially resonant memes overall. Aspirational statements from both progressive and conservative think tanks are then (...)
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  22.  43
    Comments On “Stakeholder Value Equilibration and the Entrepreneurial Process,” by S. Venkataraman.Sandra Waddock - 2002 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2002:163-173.
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  23.  18
    Business in Society at the Crossroad.Sandra Waddock, Shawn Berman, Jerry M. Calton, Dawn R. Elm, Colin Higgins & David Wasieleski - 2016 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 27:245-255.
    This workshop reflected on the current state of the Business and Society field and explored viable future directions for research in its related disciplines. The premise was that the field has reached a crossroads in its development, in accordance with the conference theme. To move forward, academic stakeholders should reassess the field’s identity and purpose to continue contributing meaningful work. The field could reframe itself as “Business in Society” to reflect the fact that organizations operate within a social and ecological (...)
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  24.  3
    Oral Histories of the Business and Society/Sim Field and the SIM Division of the Academy of Management: Origin Stories From the Founders.Mary J. Mallott, Sandra Waddock, John F. Steiner & Richard E. Wokutch - 2018 - Business and Society 57 (8):1503-1712.
    This issue of Business & Society contains the transcripts of 12 oral history interviews with founders of and early contributors to the business and society/social issues in management field. The publication of these interviews is the culmination of a very long-term project, with the first interview having been conducted in 1993 with Lee Preston and the most recent interview having been conducted in 2011 with Jim Post. This project has been very much of a team effort with Sandra Waddock, John (...)
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  25.  25
    How the List is Put Together.Samuel P. Graves, Sandra Waddock & Marjorie Kelly - 2003 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 17 (1):10-10.
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  26.  12
    Responses of Institutional Investors Corporate to Social Performance Measures.Samuel B. Graves & Sandra A. Waddock - 1994 - International Journal of Value-Based Management 7 (2):165-180.
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  27.  5
    What Does Corporate Responsibility Mean in a Trumpian World?Nancy B. Kurland, Sandra Waddock, Dawn Elm, Jamie Hendry, John Hulpke & Cubie Lau - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:146-151.
    In this symposium, presenters discussed the challenges Donald Trump’s presidency has wrought on democracy, the natural environment, justice, and everything else liberals hold dear. Presenters further observed that the corporations, local and state governments, non-governmental organizations, and others have begun to fill the gap to address issues of climate change and responsibility in general. Following the short presentations, we engaged in a lively plenary discussion. Themes raised centered on understanding why Trump happened and what change he represents; how corporations are (...)
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  28.  33
    A Developmental and Systemic Perspective on Frederick’s “The Evolutionary Firm and Its Moral Contents”.Sandra A. Waddock - 2004 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2004:189-199.
    These comments on Frederick’s “The Evolutionary Firm and Its Moral (Dis)Contents” focus on two dominant themes to provide a more optimistic perspective on Frederick’s conclusions. First is the need to take a systemic orientation at the societal and ecological levels to gain a perspective on ecologizing rather than economizing. Second, is the need to take a developmental perspective, on the assumption that evolution is still occurring, and that what may be needed to get humankind to the systemic/ecologizing orientation is a (...)
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  29.  17
    On the Trail of the Best Corporate Citizens.Sandra Waddock, Samuel P. Graves & Marjorie Kelly - 2000 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 14 (2):17-17.
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  30.  14
    Business Ethics Quarterly: Accountability In A Global Economy: The Emergence of International Accountability Standards to Advance Corporate Social Responsibility.Dirk Ulrich Gilbert, Andreas Rasche & Sandra Waddock - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (1):148-150.
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  31.  19
    Getting There.Samuel P. Graves, Sandra Waddock & Marjorie Kelly - 2002 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 16 (2):13-13.
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  32.  16
    Finding the Courage to Teach From the Heart.Jerry Calton, Steve Payne & Sandra Waddock - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:283-285.
    This interactive teaching workshop explored what it means to “teach from the heart.” It adopted the format of the wisdom circle to ask participants to share peak teaching experiences so that they could reflect on what their stories reveal about their inner selves as teachers. The hope was that, by learning how to speak with their “authentic” voices, participants could gain the insight and courage needed to better connect with their students as co-learners.
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  33.  22
    Corporate Citizenship.Sandra Waddock - 2005 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:184-189.
    This paper explores what we can call the paradox of corporate citizenship, that is, it explores the paradoxical dark underbelly created by strategic success in corporations and their efforts to implement voluntary corporate social responsibility initiatives to demonstrate their good corporate citizenship. In this exploration, we will look at the tensions of corporate citizenship and responsibility that are created not when there are crises, scandals, or misdeeds, but when the very success of the company’s strategy is itself the source of (...)
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  34.  8
    On Becoming Central.Sandra A. Waddock - 1990 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 1:61-84.
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  35.  8
    Institutional Owners and Corporate Social Performance.Samuel B. Graves & Sandra A. Waddock - 1993 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 4:1101-1112.
  36.  2
    Reflections on Business in Society.Sandra Waddock, Dawn R. Elm, Jerry M. Calton, Dima Jamali, Colin Higgins & David Wasieleski - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:324-335.
    This workshop asked: How does business in society move beyond the ambition to develop excellent scholarship that helps make the world a better place to impact? The narrowness of current assessment criteria for ‘impact’ is becoming increasingly evident and criticized. Simultaneously, social media, blog outlets, easy-to-make and post videos and audios, and other means of communicating beyond scholarly audiences have become more prominent. We raised some of the following questions: How can and should, if at all, we as a field (...)
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  37.  12
    Wisdom and Responsible Leadership: Aesthetic Sensibility, Moral Imagination, and Systems Thinking.Sandra Waddock - forthcoming - Aesthetics and Business Ethics.
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  38.  6
    Social Issues in Management.Sandra A. Waddock - 1995 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 6:949-959.
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  39.  6
    The Business Role in School Reform.Sandra A. Waddock - 1992 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 3:372-389.
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  40.  5
    Dignity, Wisdom, and Tomorrow's Ethical Business Leader.Donna Hicks & Sandra Waddock - 2016 - Business and Society Review 121 (3):447-462.
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  41.  7
    A Dialogue About Corporate Social Responsibility.Nancy Kurland, Bobby Banerjee, Sandra Waddock & James Weber - 2015 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 26:62-71.
    In this symposium, panelists discussed the degree to which corporate social responsibility is an effective guidance or a rhetorical tool. Panelists organized their comments around three themes: the normative role of CR, descriptive outcomes of CR initiatives, and the ability of CR to effectively address contemporary global, social, economic, and ecological crises. Proceeding from a normative view, Weber contrasts a “child view” and “adult view” of CSR. Waddock argues from an instrumental perspective that current conceptions and implementations of CR are (...)
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  42.  8
    Evolution, Shamans, and Adaptation: What Is/Could Be the Role of Academics in System Change? A Workshop.Malcolm McIntosh, Sandra Waddock, R. Edward Freeman, Chellie Spiller & Edwina Pio - 2014 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 25:8-13.
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  43.  5
    Corporate-Community Relations.Sandra A. Waddock & Mary-Ellen Boyle - 1994 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 5:621-632.
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  44.  4
    "Capitalist Pigs" at IABS.Sandra Waddock, Stephen Taylor, Judith Clair, Steve Waddell, Melissa Baucus & Lawrence J. Lad - 2000 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 11:563-567.
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  45.  4
    Management Education 2001.Sandra Waddock, Melissa Baucus, James E. Post & Lawrence J. Lad - 2000 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 11:587-593.
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  46.  10
    Joining the Circle.Jerry Calton, Judith Clair, Larry Lad & Sandra Waddock - 2005 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:366-367.
    This workshop applied the wisdom circle format, based on the discursive rituals and spiritual practices of Native American tribal councils, to encourage IABSmembers to share personal stories that reveal something of their inner self, as they address the challenges and frustrations of their public lives. By speaking with an “authentic voice” and listening respectfully to others in the circle, a remarkable bond of trust and empathetic understanding emerged in a relatively short period. This innovative learning process encourages both personal reflection (...)
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  47.  23
    Understanding Shareholder Activism: Which Corporations Are Targeted?Kathleen Rehbein, Sandra Waddock & Samuel B. Graves - 2004 - Business and Society 43 (3):239-267.
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  48.  15
    The Multiple Bottom Lines of Corporate Citizenship: Social Investing, Reputation, and Responsibility Audits[This Artic].Sandra Waddock - 2000 - Business and Society Review 105 (3):323-345.
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