Results for 'Sara L. Tobin'

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  1.  38
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Strangers at the Beachside: Research Ethics Consultation”.Mildred K. Cho, Sara L. Tobin, Henry T. Greely, Jennifer McCormick, Angie Boyce & David Magnus - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):4-6.
    Institutional ethics consultation services for biomedical scientists have begun to proliferate, especially for clinical researchers. We discuss several models of ethics consultation and describe a team-based approach used at Stanford University in the context of these models. As research ethics consultation services expand, there are many unresolved questions that need to be addressed, including what the scope, composition, and purpose of such services should be, whether core competencies for consultants can and should be defined, and how conflicts of interest should (...)
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  2.  42
    Strangers at the Benchside: Research Ethics Consultation.Mildred K. Cho, Sara L. Tobin, Henry T. Greely, Jennifer McCormick, Angie Boyce & David Magnus - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):4 – 13.
    Institutional ethics consultation services for biomedical scientists have begun to proliferate, especially for clinical researchers. We discuss several models of ethics consultation and describe a team-based approach used at Stanford University in the context of these models. As research ethics consultation services expand, there are many unresolved questions that need to be addressed, including what the scope, composition, and purpose of such services should be, whether core competencies for consultants can and should be defined, and how conflicts of interest should (...)
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  3.  61
    Socrates and Self-Knowledge.Sara L. Rappe - 1995 - Apeiron 28 (1):1 - 24.
    Rappe, Sara L. “Socrates and Self- knowledge” .
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  4.  78
    Arthur Prior and Medieval Logic.Sara L. Uckelman - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):349-366.
    Though Arthur Prior is now best known for his founding of modern temporal logic and hybrid logic, much of his early philosophical career was devoted to history of logic and historical logic. This interest laid the foundations for both of his ground-breaking innovations in the 1950s and 1960s. Because of the important rôle played by Prior's research in ancient and medieval logic in his development of temporal and hybrid logic, any student of Prior, temporal logic, or hybrid logic should be (...)
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  5.  60
    A Curious Dialogical Logic and its Composition Problem.Sara L. Uckelman, Jesse Alama & Aleks Knoks - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (6):1065-1100.
    Dialogue semantics for logic are two-player logic games between a Proponent who puts forward a logical formula φ as valid or true and an Opponent who disputes this. An advantage of the dialogical approach is that it is a uniform framework from which different logics can be obtained through only small variations of the basic rules. We introduce the composition problem for dialogue games as the problem of resolving, for a set S of rules for dialogue games, whether the set (...)
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  6.  60
    The Logic of Categorematic and Syncategorematic Infinity.Sara L. Uckelman - 2015 - Synthese 192 (8):2361-2377.
    The medieval distinction between categorematic and syncategorematic words is usually given as the distinction between words which have signification or meaning in isolation from other words and those which have signification only when combined with other words . Some words, however, are classified as both categorematic and syncategorematic. One such word is Latin infinita ‘infinite’. Because infinita can be either categorematic or syncategorematic, it is possible to form sophisms using infinita whose solutions turn on the distinction between categorematic and syncategorematic (...)
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  7.  93
    Logic and the Condemnations of 1277.Sara L. Uckelman - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (2):201-227.
    The struggle to delineate the relationship between theology and logic flourished in the thirteenth century and culminated in two condemnations in early 1277, one in Paris and the other in Oxford. To see how much and what kind of effect ecclesiastical actions such as condemnations and prohibitions to teach had on the development of logic in the Middle Ages, we investigate the events leading up to the 1277 actions, the condemned propositions, and the parts of these condemnations connected to modal (...)
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  8.  58
    Modal and Temporal Logics for Abstract Space–Time Structures.Sara L. Uckelman & Joel Uckelman - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (3):673-681.
    In the 4th century BC, the Greek philosopher Diodoros Chronos gave a temporal definition of necessity. Because it connects modality and temporality, this definition is of interest to philosophers working within branching time or branching space-time models. This definition of necessity can be formalized and treated within a logical framework. We give a survey of the several known modal and temporal logics of abstract space-time structures based on the real numbers and the integers, considering three different accessibility relations between spatio-temporal (...)
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  9.  81
    Medieval Disputationes de Obligationibus as Formal Dialogue Systems.Sara L. Uckelman - 2013 - Argumentation 27 (2):143-166.
    Formal dialogue systems model rule-based interaction between agents and as such have multiple applications in multi-agent systems and AI more generally. Their conceptual roots are in formal theories of natural argumentation, of which Hamblin’s formal systems of argumentation in Hamblin (Fallacies. Methuen, London, 1970, Theoria 37:130–135, 1971) are some of the earliest examples. Hamblin cites the medieval theory of obligationes as inspiration for his development of formal argumentation. In an obligatio, two agents, the Opponent and the Respondent, engage in an (...)
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  10.  30
    Deceit and Indefeasible Knowledge: The Case of Dubitatio.Sara L. Uckelman - 2011 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 21 (3-4):503-519.
    The current trend in knowledge revision in the Dynamic Epistemic Logic tradition focuses on the addition of new knowledge, rather than the possibility of losing knowledge. Yet there are natural situations, such as an agent who does not want another agent to know that she knows a certain piece of information, where there is a need to be able to model the retraction of a proposition from a knowledge base. One situation where this is systematically required is the variant of (...)
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  11.  54
    A Quantified Temporal Logic for Ampliation and Restriction.Sara L. Uckelman - 2013 - Vivarium 51 (1-4):485-510.
    Temporal logic as a modern discipline is separate from classical logic; it is seen as an addition or expansion of the more basic propositional and predicate logics. This approach is in contrast with logic in the Middle Ages, which was primarily intended as a tool for the analysis of natural language. Because all natural language sentences have tensed verbs, medieval logic is inherently a temporal logic. This fact is most clearly exemplified in medieval theories of supposition. As a case study, (...)
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  12.  17
    A Simple Semantics for Aristotelian Apodeictic Syllogistics.Sara L. Uckelman & Spencer Johnston - 2010 - Advances in Modal Logic 8:454-469.
    We give a simple definition of validity for syllogisms involving necessary and assertoric premises which validates all and only the Aristotelian apodeictic syllogisms.
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  13.  9
    Interactive Logic in the Middle Ages.Sara L. Uckelman - 2012 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 21 (4):439-471.
    Recently logic has shifted emphasis from static systems developed for purely theoretical reasons to dynamic systems designed for application to real world situations. The emphasis on the applied aspects of logic and reasoning means that logic has become a pragmatic tool, to be judged against the backdrop of a particular application. This shift in emphasis is, however, not new. A similar shift towards “interactive logic” occurred in the high Middle Ages. We provide a number of different examples of “interactive logic” (...)
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  14.  24
    Sit Verum Obligationes and Counterfactual Reasoning.Sara L. Uckelman - 2015 - Vivarium 53 (1):90-113.
    In the early 1980s, Paul V. Spade advanced the thesis that obligational reasoning was counterfactual reasoning, based upon his interpretation of the obligationes of Walter Burley, Richard Kilvington, and Roger Swyneshed. Eleonore Stump in a series of contemporary papers argued against Spade’s thesis with respect to Burley and Swyneshed, provisionally admitting it for Kilvington with the caveat that Kilvington’s theory is by no means clear or non-idiosyncratic. In this paper, we revisit the connection between counterfactual reasoning and obligationes, focusing on (...)
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  15.  10
    A Simple Semantics for Aristotelian Apodeictic Syllogistics.Sara L. Uckelman & Spencer Johnston - 2010 - In Lev Beklemishev, Valentin Goranko & Valentin Shehtman (eds.), Advances in Modal Logic, Volume 8. CSLI Publications. pp. 454-469.
  16.  45
    Informed Consent Readability: Subject Understanding of 15 Common Consent Form Phrases.Sara L. Lawson & Helen M. Adamson - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
  17. Prior on an Insolubilium of Jean Buridan.Sara L. Uckelman - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):487-498.
    We present Prior's discussion of a puzzle about valditity found in the writings of the fourteenth-century French logician Jean Buridan and show how Prior's study of this puzzle may have provided the conceptual inspiration for his development of hybrid logic.
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  18.  4
    Three 13th-Century Views of Quantified Modal Logic.Sara L. Uckelman - 2008 - In Marcus Kracht, Maarten de Rijke, Heinrich Wansing & Michael Zakharyaschev (eds.), Advances in Modal Logic. CSLI Publications. pp. 389-406.
  19.  2
    Anselm’s Logic of Agency.Sara L. Uckelman - 2009 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 12 (1):248-268.
  20.  20
    Understanding Variations in Secondary Findings Reporting Practices Across U.S. Genome Sequencing Laboratories.Sara L. Ackerman & Barbara A. Koenig - 2018 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 9 (1):48-57.
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  21.  30
    Medial Frontal Cortex: From Self-Generated Action to Reflection on One's Own Performance.Hakwan C. Lau Richard E. Passingham, Sara L. Bengtsson - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):16.
  22.  11
    John Buridan's Sophismata and Interval Temporal Semantics.Sara L. Uckelman & Spencer Johnston - 2010 - Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 13:133-147.
    In this paper we look at the suitability of modern interval-based temporal logic for modeling John Buridan’s treatment of tensed sentences in his Sophismata. Building on the paper [Øhrstrøm 1984], we develop Buridan’s analysis of temporal logic, paying particular attention to his notions of negation and the absolute/relative nature of the future and the past. We introduce a number of standard modern propositional interval temporal logics to illustrate where Buridan’s interval-based temporal analysis differs from the standard modern approaches. We give (...)
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  23.  2
    A Simple Semantics for Aristotelian Apodeictic Syllogistics.Sara L. Uckelman & Spencer Johnston - 2010 - In Marcus Kracht, Maarten de Rijke, Heinrich Wansing & Michael Zakharyaschev (eds.), Advances in Modal Logic. CSLI Publications. pp. 454-469.
  24.  14
    Rhetoric and the Reception Theory of Rationality in the Work of Two Buddhist Philosophers.Sara L. McClintock - 2008 - Argumentation 22 (1):27-41.
    Although rhetoric is not a category of ancient Indian philosophy, this paper argues that Śāntarakṣita and Kamalaśīla, 2 eighth-century Indian Buddhist philosophers, can nonetheless be seen to embrace a rhetorical conception of rationality. That is, while these thinkers are strong proponents of rational analysis and philosophical argumentation as tools for attaining certainty, they also uphold the contingent nature of all such processes. Drawing on the categories of the New Rhetoric, this paper argues that these Buddhist thinkers understand philosophical argumentation to (...)
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  25.  12
    Tolerance, Empathy, or Inclusion? Insights From Martin Buber.Sara L. H. Shady & Marion Larson - 2010 - Educational Theory 60 (1):81-96.
  26.  42
    Medial Frontal Cortex: From Self-Generated Action to Reflection on One's Own Performance.Richard E. Passingham, Sara L. Bengtsson & Hakwan C. Lau - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):16-21.
  27.  7
    Self-Associations Influence Task-Performance Through Bayesian Inference.Sara L. Bengtsson & Will D. Penny - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  28.  2
    Are Butch and Fem Working-Class and Antifeminist?Sara L. Crawley - 2001 - Gender and Society 15 (2):175-196.
    Many authors argue that middle-class lesbians present themselves as butch or fem less than working-class lesbians and that butch and fem were discouraged by 1970s feminist stigma but are reemerging in postfeminist decades. By analyzing “women seeking women” personal ads, this study provides a longitudinal, quantitative analysis of the validity of these assumptions. The results suggest that middle-class lesbians were less likely to present themselves as butch or fem than working-class lesbians but no less likely to be seeking a butch (...)
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  29.  24
    Is It Fallacious to Talk of Self-Generated Action?: Response to Nachev and Husain.Richard E. Passingham, Sara L. Bengtsson & Hakwan C. Lau - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (5):193-194.
  30.  2
    Medieval Philosophy. [REVIEW]Sara L. Uckelman - 2020 - Philosophical Quarterly 70 (281):890-892.
    Review of Adamson Peter, Medieval Philosophy, History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, volume 4, xxii+637pp. Reviewed by Sara L. Uckelman, Department of Philosophy, Durham University.
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  31.  38
    Complete Symposium on Jc Beall's Christ – A Contradiction: A Defense of Contradictory Christology.Jc Beall, Timothy Pawl, Thomas McCall, A. J. Cotnoir & Sara L. Uckelman - 2019 - Journal of Analytic Theology 7 (1):400-577.
    The fundamental problem of Christology is the apparent contradiction of Christ as recorded at Chalcedon. Christ is human and Christ is divine. Being divine entails being immutable. Being human entails being mutable. Were Christ two different persons there’d be no apparent contradiction. But Chalcedon rules as much out. Were Christ only partly human or only partly divine there’d be no apparent contradiction. But Chalcedon rules as much out. Were the very meaning of ‘mutable’ and/or ‘immutable’ other than what they are, (...)
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  32.  33
    Teaching New Histories of Philosophy.Sara L. H. Shady - 2010 - Teaching Philosophy 33 (1):103-106.
  33.  20
    Articulating Medieval Logic.Sara L. Uckelman - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (263):432-435.
  34.  21
    Ana María Mora-Márquez, The Thirteenth-Century Notion of Signification: The Discussions and Their Origin and Development. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2015. Pp. 256. $142. ISBN: 978-900-429867-5. [REVIEW]Sara L. Uckelman - 2017 - Speculum 92 (4):1223-1225.
  35.  9
    Aristotle's Syllogistics: Marko Malink: Aristotle’s Modal Syllogistics Boston: Harvard University Press, 2013, 384pp, $49.95 HB. [REVIEW]Sara L. Uckelman - 2014 - Metascience 23 (3):573-579.
    In this masterful book, Marko Malink sets out to do what no one has succeeded in doing before: To provide a consistent and coherent model adequate for the entirety of Aristotle’s claims about valid and invalid syllogisms, both apodeictic and modal (p. 2). The fact that Malink attains his goal is impressive enough to almost—but not quite—overshadow the drawbacks of the model (which, to be fair, he points out himself in various places). After an introduction, where notation for categorical claims (...)
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  36.  77
    Against Truth-Conditional Theories of Meaning: Three Lessons From the Language(s) of Fiction.Sara L. Uckelman & Phoebe Chan - 2016 - Res Philosophica 93 (2):441-459.
    Fictional discourse and fictional languages provide useful test cases for theories of meaning. In this paper, we argue against truth-conditional accounts of meaning on the basis of problems posed by language(s) of fiction. It is well-known how fictional discourse -- discourse about non-existent objects -- poses a problem for truth-conditional theories of meaning. Less well-considered, however, are the problems posed by fictional languages, which can be created to either be meaningful or not to be meaningful; both of these ultimately also (...)
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  37.  13
    Against the Theistic Multiverse.Sara L. Uckelman - 2020 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 34 (4):1-14.
    We argue that Kraay's "theistic multiverse" response to the objections to theism [Kraay 2011] is unsuccessful as it simply shifts the problems leveled against theism from the level of possible worlds to the level of possible universes. Furthermore, when we restate the objections at the level of possible universes, we can show how Kraay's conclusion about the uniqueness of the theistic multiverse is undermined.
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  38.  17
    Contradictions, Impossibility, and Triviality: A Response to Jc Beall.Sara L. Uckelman - 2019 - Journal of Analytic Theology 7 (1):544-559.
  39. Castagnoli, Luca. 2010. Ancient Self-Refutation: The Logic and History of the Self-Refutation Argument From Democritus to Augustine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (394 Pages, ISBN 978-0-521-89631-3 (Hardback)). [REVIEW]Sara L. Uckelman - 2013 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 16 (1):398-402.
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  40. Fanfiction, Canon, and Possible Worlds.Sara L. Uckelman - manuscript
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  41.  3
    John Buridan’s Sophismata and Interval Temporal Semantics.Sara L. Uckelman & Spencer Johnston - 2010 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 13 (1):131-147.
    In this paper we look at the suitability of modern interval-based temporal logic for modeling John Buridan’s treatment of tensed sentences in his Sophismata. Building on the paper, we develop Buridan’s analysis of temporal logic, paying particular attention to his notions of negation and the absolute/relative nature of the future and the past.We introduce a number of standard modern propositional interval temporal logics to illustrate where Buridan’s interval-based temporal analysis differs from the standard modern approaches. We give formal proofs of (...)
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  42.  14
    Quaestiones Circa Logicam. [REVIEW]Sara L. Uckelman - 2011 - Speculum 86 (3):719-720.
  43.  7
    The Ontological Argument.Sara L. Uckelman - 2011 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  44.  21
    The Ontological Argument and Russell's Antinomy.Sara L. Uckelman - 2009 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 18 (3-4):309-312.
    In this short note we respond to the claim made by Christopher Viger in [4] that Anselm’s so-called ontological argument falls prey to Russell’s paradox. We show that Viger’s argument is based on a flawed premise and hence does not in fact demonstrate what he claims it demonstrates.
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  45.  19
    Peter of Spain: Summaries of Logic: Text, Translation, Introduction, and Notes, Written by Brian P. Copenhaver, with Calvin G. Normore and Terence Parsons. [REVIEW]Sara L. Uckelman - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (1):113-116.
  46.  3
    Book Review: Kathleen Stewart, Ordinary Affects. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2007. 144 Pp. (Ref. Included). ISBN 978—0822340881, $64.95 (Cloth); ISBN 978—0822341079, $18.95. [REVIEW]Sara L. Warner - 2009 - Feminist Theory 10 (2):258-259.
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  47.  6
    The Medea Project: Mythic Theater for Incarcerated Women.Sara L. Warner - 2004 - Feminist Studies 30 (2):483-509.
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  48. Sovereignty and Suffering : Towards an Ethics of Grief in a Post-9/11 World.David S. Gutterman & Sara L. Rushing - 2008 - In Terrell Carver & Samuel Allen Chambers (eds.), Judith Butler's Precarious Politics: Critical Encounters. Routledge.
  49.  3
    The Role of Advocacy in Public Health Law.Micah L. Berman, Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler & Wendy E. Parmet - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (S2):15-18.
    This article discusses how advocacy can be taught to both law and public health students, as well as the role that public health law faculty can play in advocating for public health. Despite the central role that advocacy plans in translating public health research into law, policy advocacy skills are rarely explicitly taught in either law schools or schools of public health, leaving those engaged in public health practice unclear about whether and how to advocate for effective policies. The article (...)
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  50. Paul C. Reinert, SJ Center for Teaching Excellence Saint Louis University.Sara L. Bagley, Carrie M. Brown, Brandon Smit & Rachel E. Tennial - forthcoming - Mind.
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