Results for 'Sarah E. Ainsworth'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  5
    Differentiating Selves Facilitates Group Outcomes.Sarah E. Ainsworth, Roy F. Baumeister & Kathleen D. Vohs - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  12
    Differentiation of Individual Selves Facilitates Group-Level Benefits of Ultrasociality.Sarah E. Ainsworth, Roy F. Baumeister & Kathleen D. Vohs - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  34
    Cooperation and Fairness Depend on Self-Regulation.Sarah E. Ainsworth & Roy F. Baumeister - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):79-80.
    Any evolved disposition for fairness and cooperation would not replace but merely compete with selfish and other antisocial impulses. Therefore, we propose that human cooperation and fairness depend on self-regulation. Evidence shows reductions in fairness and other prosocial tendencies when self-regulation fails.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  31
    Are Groups More or Less Than the Sum of Their Members? The Moderating Role of Individual Identification.Roy F. Baumeister, Sarah E. Ainsworth & Kathleen D. Vohs - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-38.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  5. The Making of Might-Have-Beens: Effects of Free Will Belief on Counterfactual Thinking.Jessica L. Alquist, Sarah E. Ainsworth & Roy Baumesiter - 2014 - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 41 (2):268-283.
    Counterfactual thoughts are based on the assumption that one situation could result in multiple possible outcomes. This assumption underlies most theories of free will and contradicts deterministic views that there is only one possible outcome of any situation. Three studies tested the hypothesis that stronger belief in free will would lead to more counterfactual thinking. Experimental manipulations (Studies 1-2) and a measure (Studies 3-4) of belief in free will were linked to increased counterfactual thinking in response to autobiographical (Studies 1, (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  6.  36
    Subjective Correlates and Consequences of Belief in Free Will.A. Will Crescioni, Roy F. Baumeister, Sarah E. Ainsworth, Michael Ent & Nathaniel M. Lambert - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (1):41-63.
    Four studies measured or manipulated beliefs in free will to illuminate how such beliefs are linked to other aspects of personality. Study 1 showed that stronger belief in free will was correlated with more gratitude, greater life satisfaction, lower levels of perceived life stress, a greater sense of self-efficacy, greater perceived meaning in life, higher commitment in relationships, and more willingness to forgive relationship partners. Study 2 showed that the belief in free will was a stronger predictor of life satisfaction, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  7.  22
    Individual Identity and Freedom of Choice in the Context of Environmental and Economic Conditions.Roy F. Baumeister, Jina Park & Sarah E. Ainsworth - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):484 - 484.
    Van de Vliert's findings fit nicely with our recent arguments implying that (1) differentiated selfhood is partly motivated by requirements of cultural groups, and (2) free will mainly exists within culture. Some cultural groups promote individual freedom, whereas others constrict it so as to maintain elites' power and privilege. Thus, freedom is, to a great extent, a creation of culture.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8. All Creatures Safe and Sound: The Social Landscape of Pets in Disasters.Sarah E. DeYoung - 2021 - Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    This book uses interview data from public officials tasked with planning and executing preparation and response to natural disasters to analyze how pets, livestock, and other companion animals complicate disaster preparedness. Because many families view animal welfare as a priority, evacuation and sheltering preparations and responses must account for animals.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  47
    Evidentiality and the Structure of Speech Acts.Sarah E. Murray - 2010 - Dissertation, Rutgers University
    Many languages grammatically mark evidentiality, i.e., the source of information. In assertions, evidentials indicate the source of information of the speaker while in questions they indicate the expected source of information of the addressee. This dissertation examines the semantics and pragmatics of evidentiality and illocutionary mood, set within formal theories of meaning and discourse. The empirical focus is the evidential system of Cheyenne (Algonquian: Montana), which is analyzed based on several years of fieldwork by the author.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  10.  48
    Evidentials and Questions in Cheyenne.Sarah E. Murray - 2010 - In Suzi Lima (ed.), Proceedings of SULA 5: Semantics of Under-Represented Languages in the Americas (2009). GLSA Publications. pp. 139--155.
    On one view, the point of an assertion is to update the common ground (Stalnaker 1978, Karttunen 1974). On another, the point of an assertion is to propose an update to the com- mon ground (Groenendijk 2009, Mascarenhas 2009, and related work on the structure of discourse, e.g., Ginzburg 1996, Roberts 1996, Gunlogson 2001). In Murray (to appear), I merge these two views. I argue based on evidence from declarative sentences with eviden- tials that assertion has two components: what is (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  11.  19
    Sarah E. Worth, In Defence of Reading. Reviewed By.Kalle Puolakka - 2018 - Philosophy in Review 38 (1):42-44.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Art and Epistemology.Sarah E. Worth - 2003 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  13.  12
    The Interpretation of Music: Philosophical Essays.Sarah E. Worth - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (4):942-942.
  14.  15
    Narrative Understanding and Understanding Narrative.Sarah E. Worth - 2004 - Contemporary Aesthetics 2.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  3
    Rob Boddice. Humane Professions: The Defense of Experimental Medicine, 1876–1914. X + 204 Pp., Illus., Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021. £75 (Cloth); ISBN 9781108490092. E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Sarah E. Naramore - 2022 - Isis 113 (2):454-455.
  16.  31
    A Hamblin Semantics for Evidentials.Sarah E. Murray - 2011 - In Ed Cormany, Satoshi Ito & David Lutz (eds.), Proceedings From Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT) XIX (2009). CLC Publications. pp. 324--341.
    In this paper, I propose that the distinction between what is at-issue and what is not can be modeled as a distinction between two components of assertion. These two components affect the common ground in different ways. The at-issue component of an assertion, which is negotiable, is treated as a proposal to update the common ground. The not-at-issue component of an assertion, which is not negotiable, is added directly to the common ground. Evidence for this proposal comes from evidentials, which (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  17.  66
    Varieties of Update.Sarah E. Murray - 2014 - Semantics and Pragmatics 7 (2):1--53.
    This paper discusses three potential varieties of update: updates to the common ground, structuring updates, and updates that introduce discourse referents. These different types of update are used to model different aspects of natural language phenomena. Not-at-issue information directly updates the common ground. The illocutionary mood of a sentence structures the context. Other updates introduce discourse referents of various types, including propositional discourse referents for at-issue information. Distinguishing these types of update allows a unified treatment of a broad range of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   48 citations  
  18.  57
    Dynamics of Reflexivity and Reciprocity.Sarah E. Murray - 2007 - In Maria Aloni, Paul Dekker & Floris Roelofsen (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Amsterdam Colloquium. ILLC/Department of Philosophy, University of Amsterdam. pp. 157--162.
    Plural reflexives and reciprocals are anaphoric not only to antecedent pluralities but also to relations between the members of those pluralities. In this paper, I utilize Dynamic Plural Logic (van den Berg 1996) to analyze reflexives and reciprocals as anaphors that elaborate on relations introduced by the verb, which can be collective, cumulative, or distributive. This analysis generalizes to languages like Cheyenne (Algonquian) where reflexivity and reciprocity are expressed by a single proform that I argue is underspecified, not ambiguous.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19.  60
    Reflexivity and Reciprocity with(Out) Underspecification.Sarah E. Murray - 2008 - In Alte Grønn (ed.), Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung 12 (2007). ILOS. pp. 455--469.
    In languages like English, reflexivity and reciprocity are expressed by distinct proforms. However, many languages, such as Cheyenne, express reflexivity and reciprocity with a single proform. In this paper I utilize Dynamic Plural Logic (van den Berg, 1996) to a draw a semantic parallel between reflexive and reciprocal anaphors in English. I propose that they contribute overlapping but distinct requirements on the relations introduced by transitive verbs, requirements which fully specify reflexivity and reciprocity. This parallel is then extended to Cheyenne (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  20.  45
    Quantificational and Illocutionary Variability in Cheyenne.Sarah E. Murray - 2012 - In Elizabeth Bogal-Allbritten (ed.), Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on the Semantics of Under-Represented Languages in the Americas and SULA-Bar. Glsa Publications. pp. 149--170.
    In this paper, I discuss the quantificational variability of Cheyenne indeterminates: the variety of interpretations they can receive and the grammatical contexts that condition these interpretations. Building on analyses of indeterminates in other languages, such as Kratzer and Shimoyama (2002), I present a Hamblin-style analysis of Cheyenne indeter- minates. The proposal builds on the analysis of declaratives and interrogatives argued for in Murray (2010). This analysis can account for the quantificational variability of indeterminates in the scope of propositional operators as (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  7
    Aristotle on False Reasoning: Language and the World in the Sophistical Refutations. Scott Schreiber. Albany: SUNY Press, 2003. Pp. 240. $68.50, Hardcover; $22.95, Paperback. Scott Schreiber's Aristotle on False Reasoning is the First Full-Length En-Glish Commentary on Aristotle's Sophistical Refutations in the Last Century. [REVIEW]Sarah E. Dempsey - 2005 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 38 (1).
  22.  13
    The Schooling of Women: Maternal Behavior and Child Environments.Robert A. LeVine & Sarah E. LeVine - 2001 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 29 (3):259-270.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  23. Comprehending Negated Sentences with Binary States and Locations.Sarah E. Anderson, Stephanie Huette, Teenie Matlock & M. Spivey - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24. Dancing Penguins and a Pretentious Raccoon : Animated Animals and 21st Century Environmentalism.Sarah E. McFarland - 2009 - In Sarah E. McFarland & Ryan Hediger (eds.), Animals and Agency: An Interdisciplinary Exploration. Brill.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25. Approaching the Agency of Other Animals : An Introduction.Sarah E. McFarland & Ryan Hediger - 2009 - In Sarah E. McFarland & Ryan Hediger (eds.), Animals and Agency: An Interdisciplinary Exploration. Brill.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  48
    Animals and Agency: An Interdisciplinary Exploration.Sarah E. McFarland & Ryan Hediger (eds.) - 2009 - Brill.
    This collection examines the question of nonhuman animal agency by shifting emphasis from the human perspective toward that of other animals, exploring modes of ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  27. Causation in Metaphysics and Moral Theory.Sarah E. Mcgrath - 2002 - Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Chapter 1. The causal relata. Ordinary talk suggests that entities from different ontological categories can cause and be caused: Kathy's throw, the fact that Kathy threw, and Kathy herself can all cause the window to break. But according to the majority view, causation exclusively relates events. This chapter defends the contrary view that the causal relata are as miscellaneous as ordinary talk suggests. A question remains: is there an ontological kind K such that causal relations on entities of that kind (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  24
    Scientific Journals as Fossil Traces of Sweeping Change in the Structure and Practice of Modern Geology.Sarah E. Fratesi & H. Leonard Vacher - 2008 - Journal of Research Practice 4 (1):Article M1.
    In our attempts to track changes in geological practice over time and to isolate the source of these changes, we have found that they are largely connected with the germination of new geologic subdisciplines. We use keyword and title data from articles in 68 geology journals to track the changes in influence of each subdiscipline on geology over all. Geological research has shifted emphasis over the study period, moving away from economic geology and petroleum geology, towards physics- and chemistry-based topics. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 167, 2009 Lectures.E. Fraser Sarah - 2011
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  51
    Caring in Crisis: An Oral History of Critical Care Nursing. Jacqueline Zalumas [Studies in Health, Illness, and Caregiving Series. Joan E. Lynaugh, Gen. Ed.] Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. 212 Pp. [REVIEW]Sarah E. Shannon - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (1):174.
  31.  12
    Editorial: Intra- and Inter-Individual Variability of Executive Functions: Determinant and Modulating Factors in Healthy and Pathological Conditions.Sarah E. MacPherson, Celine R. Gillebert, Gail A. Robinson & Antonino Vallesi - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  2
    Acceptance and Commitment Coaching for Music Performance Anxiety: Piloting a 6-Week Group Course With Undergraduate Dance and Musical Theatre Students.Sarah E. Mahony, David G. Juncos & Debbie Winter - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Treatments for students with problematic levels of music performance anxiety commonly rely on approaches in which students are referred to psychotherapists or other clinical professionals for individual care that falls outside of their music training experience. However, a more transdisciplinary approach in which MPA treatment is effectively integrated into students’ training in music/performing arts colleges by teachers who work in consultation with clinical psychologists may prove more beneficial, given the resistance students often experience toward psychotherapy. Training singing teachers, and perhaps (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  35
    Social Perspectives and Genetic Enhancement: Whose Perspective? Whose Choice?Sarah E. Wilson - 2007 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 1 (1).
    Sarah E. Wilson, University of Central LancashireThis paper's account of the core issues at stake in relation to genetic enhancement is presented as an alternative to mainstream liberal defenses of enhancement. The mainstream arguments are identified as being associated with reproductive autonomy, individual choice, and a `neutral', passive interpretation of technology. The alternative account is associated with the perspective of `woman' or child-bearer, with a fundamental concern for social justice, and an understanding of society in both a global and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  21
    Evolutionary Constraints on Human Object Perception.E. Koopman Sarah, Z. Mahon Bradford & F. Cantlon Jessica - 2017 - Cognitive Science:2126-2148.
    Language and culture endow humans with access to conceptual information that far exceeds any which could be accessed by a non-human animal. Yet, it is possible that, even without language or specific experiences, non-human animals represent and infer some aspects of similarity relations between objects in the same way as humans. Here, we show that monkeys’ discrimination sensitivity when identifying images of animals is predicted by established measures of semantic similarity derived from human conceptual judgments. We used metrics from computer (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  35.  21
    Grammatical Aspect and Temporal Distance in Motion Descriptions.Sarah E. Anderson, Teenie Matlock & Michael Spivey - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  36.  18
    Sounding Black or White: Priming Identity and Biracial Speech.Sarah E. Gaither, Ariel M. Cohen-Goldberg, Calvin L. Gidney & Keith B. Maddox - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  2
    Race, Gender, and the Development of Cross-Race Egalitarianism.Sarah E. Gaither, Joshua D. Perlin & Stacey N. Doan - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  49
    William James’s Conception of Reality: Found, Not Manufactured.Sarah E. Glenn - 2003 - International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (2):207-218.
    Richard Rorty places William James in the same category of thinkers as Hegel. These thinkers, he claims, do not believe that philosophical discussion involves any reference to a reality external to their dialogue. Rorty’s claim initially seems justified, for Jamesdoes after all speak of the malleability of reality and insists that reality is part of experience. However, the fact that reality is part of experience does not necessarily mean that it is created by experience. Indeed, James insists that the reality (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  11
    Mutual Distrust: Perspectives From Researchers and Policy Makers on the Research to Policy Gap in 2013 and Recommendations for the Future.E. Gollust Sarah, W. Seymour Jane, J. Pany Maximilian, Goss Adeline, F. Meisel Zachary & Grande David - 2017 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 54:004695801770546.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  20
    What Causes Racial Health Care Disparities? A Mixed-Methods Study Reveals Variability in How Health Care Providers Perceive Causal Attributions.Sarah E. Gollust, Brooke A. Cunningham, Barbara G. Bokhour, Howard S. Gordon, Charlene Pope, Somnath S. Saha, Dina M. Jones, Tam Do & Diana J. Burgess - 2018 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 55:004695801876284.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  12
    Elucidating Sensorimotor Control Principles with Myoelectric Musculoskeletal Models.Sarah E. Goodman & Christopher J. Hasson - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  42.  11
    Shugoshin: A Centromeric Guardian Senses Tension.Sarah E. Goulding & William C. Earnshaw - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (6):588-591.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  8
    Reading Signs.Sarah E. Gustafson - 1989 - Semiotics:68-76.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  2
    Speculating on the Roles of Nuclear Speckles: How RNA‐Protein Nuclear Assemblies Affect Gene Expression.Sarah E. Hasenson & Yaron Shav-Tal - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (10):2000104.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45.  4
    A Semiotic Inquiry.Sarah E. Gustafson - 1989 - Semiotics:346-354.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  6
    Empowerment Through Care: Using Dialogue Between the Social Model of Disability and an Ethic of Care to Redraw Boundaries of Independence and Partnership Between Disabled People and Services.Sarah E. Keyes, Sarah H. Webber & Kevin Beveridge - 2015 - Alter - European Journal of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche Sur le Handicap 9 (3):236-248.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  47.  3
    When One Size Does Not Fit All: A Commentary.Sarah E. Jones - 2014 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 4 (2):125-128.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  13
    Accounting for Infant Perseveration Beyond the Manual Search Task.Sarah E. Berger - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):34-35.
    Although the dynamic field model predicts infants' perseverative behavior in the context of the A-not-B manual search task, it does not account for infant perseveration in other contexts. An alternative cognitive capacity explanation for perseveration is more parsimonious. It accounts for the graded nature of perseverative responses and perseveration in different contexts.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  14
    Sender Gender Influences Emoji Interpretation in Text Messages.Sarah E. Butterworth, Traci A. Giuliano, Justin White, Lizette Cantu & Kyle C. Fraser - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  50.  17
    Honor Among Thieves: Craftsmen, Merchants, and Associations in Roman and Late Roman Egypt by Philip F. Venticinque.Sarah E. Bond - 2018 - American Journal of Philology 139 (1):168-171.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000