Results for 'Sarah Greaves'

999 found
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  1.  8
    Higher Education Outreach: Examining Key Challenges for Academics.Matthew Johnson, Emily Danvers, Tamsin Hinton-Smith, Kate Atkinson, Gareth Bowden, John Foster, Kristina Garner, Paul Garrud, Sarah Greaves, Patricia Harris, Momna Hejmadi, David Hill, Gwen Hughes, Louise Jackson, Angela O’Sullivan, Séamus ÓTuama, Pilar Perez Brown, Pete Philipson, Simon Ravenscroft, Mirain Rhys, Tom Ritchie, Jon Talbot, David Walker, Jon Watson, Myfanwy Williams & Sharon Williams - forthcoming - British Journal of Educational Studies:1-23.
  2.  17
    The Journal of Medical Ethics and Medical Humanities: Offsprings of the London Medical Group.Alastair V. Campbell, Raanan Gillon, Julian Savulescu, John Harris, Soren Holm, H. Martyn Evans, David Greaves, Jane Macnaughton, Deborah Kirklin & Sue Eckstein - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (11):667-668.
    Ted Shotter's founding of the London Medical Group 50 years ago in 1963 had several far reaching implications for medical ethics, as other papers in this issue indicate. Most significant for the joint authors of this short paper was his founding of the quarterly Journal of Medical Ethics in 1975, with Alastair Campbell as its first editor-in-chief. In 1980 Raanan Gillon began his 20-year editorship . Gillon was succeeded in 2001 by Julian Savulescu, followed by John Harris and Soren Holm (...)
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  3. Justifying Conditionalization: Conditionalization Maximizes Expected Epistemic Utility.Hilary Greaves & David Wallace - 2005 - Mind 115 (459):607-632.
    According to Bayesian epistemology, the epistemically rational agent updates her beliefs by conditionalization: that is, her posterior subjective probability after taking account of evidence X, pnew, is to be set equal to her prior conditional probability pold(·|X). Bayesians can be challenged to provide a justification for their claim that conditionalization is recommended by rationality—whence the normative force of the injunction to conditionalize? There are several existing justifications for conditionalization, but none directly addresses the idea that conditionalization will be epistemically rational (...)
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  4. Understanding Deutsch's Probability in a Deterministic Universe.Hilary Greaves - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 35 (3):423-456.
    Difficulties over probability have often been considered fatal to the Everett interpretation of quantum mechanics. Here I argue that the Everettian can have everything she needs from `probability' without recourse to indeterminism, ignorance, primitive identity over time or subjective uncertainty: all she needs is a particular *rationality principle*. The decision-theoretic approach recently developed by Deutsch and Wallace claims to provide just such a principle. But, according to Wallace, decision theory is itself applicable only if the correct attitude to a future (...)
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  5. Probability in the Everett Interpretation.Hilary Greaves - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 2 (1):109–128.
    The Everett (many-worlds) interpretation of quantum mechanics faces a prima facie problem concerning quantum probabilities. Research in this area has been fast-paced over the last few years, following a controversial suggestion by David Deutsch that decision theory can solve the problem. This article provides a non-technical introduction to the decision-theoretic program, and a sketch of the current state of the debate.
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  6.  96
    Everett and Evidence.Hilary Greaves & Wayne Myrvold - 2010 - In Simon Saunders, Jonathan Barrett, Adrian Kent & David Wallace (eds.), Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory & Reality. Oxford University Press.
    Much of the evidence for quantum mechanics is statistical in nature. The Everett interpretation, if it is to be a candidate for serious consideration, must be capable of doing justice to reasoning on which statistical evidence in which observed relative frequencies that closely match calculated probabilities counts as evidence in favour of a theory from which the probabilities are calculated. Since, on the Everett interpretation, all outcomes with nonzero amplitude are actualized on different branches, it is not obvious that sense (...)
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  7. On the Everettian Epistemic Problem.Hilary Greaves - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (1):120-152.
    Recent work in the Everett interpretation has suggested that the problem of probability can be solved by understanding probability in terms of rationality. However, there are *two* problems relating to probability in Everett --- one practical, the other epistemic --- and the rationality-based program *directly* addresses only the practical problem. One might therefore worry that the problem of probability is only `half solved' by this approach. This paper aims to dispel that worry: a solution to the epistemic problem follows from (...)
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  8. Time Reversal in Classical Electromagnetism.Frank Arntzenius & Hilary Greaves - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (3):557-584.
    Richard Feynman has claimed that anti-particles are nothing but particles `propagating backwards in time'; that time reversing a particle state always turns it into the corresponding anti-particle state. According to standard quantum field theory textbooks this is not so: time reversal does not turn particles into anti-particles. Feynman's view is interesting because, in particular, it suggests a nonstandard, and possibly illuminating, interpretation of the CPT theorem. In this paper, we explore a classical analog of Feynman's view, in the context of (...)
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  9. Towards a Geometrical Understanding of the Cpt Theorem.Hilary Greaves - 2010 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (1):27-50.
    The CPT theorem of quantum field theory states that any relativistic (Lorentz-invariant) quantum field theory must also be invariant under CPT, the composition of charge conjugation, parity reversal and time reversal. This paper sketches a puzzle that seems to arise when one puts the existence of this sort of theorem alongside a standard way of thinking about symmetries, according to which spacetime symmetries (at any rate) are associated with features of the spacetime structure. The puzzle is, roughly, that the existence (...)
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  10.  16
    Medical Humanities.D. Greaves - 2000 - Medical Humanities 26 (1):1-2.
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  11.  96
    Changing Priorities in Residential Medical and Social Services.D. Greaves - 1997 - Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (2):77-81.
    During the past thirty years a high proportion of all long stay hospital beds have been closed. The responsibility for those who would have occupied those beds previously has to a large extent been transferred from health to social services departments, or to family, voluntary and private care. The overall effect has been to prioritize acute medical care, and to expose the public provision and funding of long term residential care, whether medical or social, to the direct determination of political (...)
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  12.  20
    Reflections on a New Medical Cosmology.D. Greaves - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (2):81-85.
    Since the nineteenth century the theory and practice of mainstream Western medicine has been grounded in the biomedical model. In the later years of the twentieth century, however, it has faced a range of serious problems, which when viewed collectively, remain unresolved despite a variety of responses. The question we now face is whether these problems can be dealt with by modifying and extending the principles underlying the biomedical model, or whether a more radical solution is required. Recent critiques of (...)
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  13. Mystery in Western Medicine.David Greaves - 1996 - Avebury.
  14. In Search of Spacetime Structuralism.Hilary Greaves - manuscript
    The debate between substantivalists and relationists about spacetime was given a new lease of life approximately twenty years ago, when John Earman and John Norton published an argument for the conclusion that, in the light of general relativity, substantivalism is untenable. Responses to Earman and Norton’s argument generated a proliferation of ‘substantivalisms’, and a debate between them that was, to the ears of at least some, distinctively metaphysical in character.
     
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  15.  31
    Can Compulsory Removal Ever Be Justified for Adults Who Are Mentally Competent?D. A. Greaves - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (4):189-194.
    Section 47 of the National Assistance Act is controversial in that it makes provision for the compulsory removal and care of mentally competent adults in certain limited circumstances. A case is described in which it is argued that compulsory management could be justified. This is because the diversity and potentially conflicting nature of the relevant considerations involved in this and a restricted range of other cases, defies their being captured in any wholly rational moral scheme. It follows that if the (...)
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  16. Medical Progress, Reason and the Imagination.D. Greaves - 2001 - Medical Humanities 27 (2):57-57.
  17.  11
    What is Medicine?: Towards a Philosophical Approach.D. Greaves - 1979 - Journal of Medical Ethics 5 (1):29-32.
    The failure of Western medicine to deal with many of the problems it is currently facing has led to an awareness of the need for a fundamental reappraisal. The way in which medical concepts derived from the nineteenth century have brought technical medical advances in this century and the alliances that medicine has made with statistics and more recently the social sciences, have prevented a questioning of medicine's underlying assumptions. Thus, despite a number of critical initiatives from both within and (...)
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  18.  27
    Some Interpretations of Life Phenomena and Their Practical Significance.J. E. Greaves - 1923 - The Monist 33 (1):1-14.
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  19.  49
    MILETUS (I) V. B. Gorman: Miletos: The Ornament of Ionia. A History of the City to 400 B.C.E. . Pp. Viii + 304, Maps. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001. Cased. ISBN: 0-472-11199-X. [REVIEW]Alan M. Greaves - 2003 - The Classical Review 53 (01):137-.
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  20.  9
    What Are Heart Attacks? Rethinking Some Aspects of Medical Knowledge.David Greaves - 1998 - Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (2):133-141.
    There has been a modern epidemic of heart attacks in the western world, and this paper is concerned with this ‘new’ medical condition and how it arose. Two competing theories are commonly proposed, relating either to conventional accounts of medical science, or to social construction. Whilst recognising that aspects of both theories have some validity, it is claimed that neither is wholly adequate. This issue has particular relevance for heart attacks and is explored in some detail, but it also points (...)
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  21.  27
    Chronic Illness: From Experience to Policy.D. Greaves - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (4):249-250.
  22. Are Anti-Particles Particles.Hilary Greaves - unknown
    ordinary electron, except it’s attracted to normal electrons – we say it has positive charge. For this reason it’s called a ‘positron’. The positron is a sister..
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  23.  16
    Opening the Word Hoard.G. Bolton, Y. Y. Wood Mak, T. Metcalf, A. Williams, S. Donnelly & D. Greaves - 2005 - Medical Humanities 31 (1):43-49.
    Commentator: Mark Purvis Commentator: Sheena McMain Commentator: Clare Connolly Commentator: Maggie Eisner Commentator: Shirley Brierley Commentator: Becky Ship.
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  24. Probability in Everettian Quantum Mechanics.Hilary Greaves - unknown
    (a) How to design a nuclear power plant 3. Deutsch/Wallace solution to the practical problem (a) Argue that the rational Everettian agent makes decisions by maximizing expected utility, where the expectation value is an average over branches 4. The semantics of branching - two options..
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  25.  33
    Review of Georg Sparber, Unorthodox Humeanism[REVIEW]Hilary Greaves - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (9).
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  26.  28
    Abraham Lincoln's Blue Pills: Did Our 16th President Suffer From Mercury Poisoning?Norbert Hirschhorn, Robert G. Feldman & Ian Greaves - 2001 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (3):315-332.
  27.  19
    Living Wills: Working Party Report.D. Greaves - 1988 - Journal of Medical Ethics 14 (2):105-105.
  28.  19
    Two Conceptions of Medical Humanities.David Greaves - 2001 - Nursing Philosophy 2 (3):270–271.
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  29.  24
    Medicine, the Arts and Imagination.M. Evans, D. Greaves & N. Pickering - 1997 - Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (4):254-254.
  30.  29
    Cnidus (D.) Berges Knidos. Beiträge zur Geschichte der archaischen Stadt. Pp. 212, figs, maps, b/w & colour pls. Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 2006. Cased, €76.80. ISBN: 978-3-8053-3457-. [REVIEW]Alan Greaves - 2008 - The Classical Review 58 (2):579-.
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  31.  22
    The Creation of Partial Patients.David Greaves - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (1):23-33.
    Armstrong describes the rise of a new mode of medical practice that he calls in the following terms: Surveillance medicine gives rise to a novel and underexplored aspect of the long-standing tension between the different goals of clinical medicine and public health.
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  32.  11
    Confessions of a Philosopher.David Greaves - 2001 - Nursing Philosophy 2 (2):191-192.
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  33.  14
    Sudden Infant Deaths: Models of Health and Illness.David Greaves - 1988 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 5 (1):61-74.
  34.  22
    Radt (W.) (ed.) Stadtgrabungen und Stadtforschung im westlichen Kleinasien: Geplantes und Erreichtes. Internationales Symposion 6./7. August 2004 in Bergama (Türkei). (BYZAS 3.) Pp. x + 398, b/w & colour ills, maps. Istanbul: Ege Yayinlari, for the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, 2006. Paper. ISBN: 978-975-8071-24-. [REVIEW]Alan Greaves - 2008 - The Classical Review 58 (1):260-262.
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  35.  10
    Brain Policy: Robert Blank, Washington DC, Georgetown UP, 1999, 199 Pages, Pound43.25 (Hb), Pound15.75 (Sb). [REVIEW]D. A. Greaves - 2000 - Medical Humanities 26 (1):62-62.
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  36.  16
    Art and Archaeology (G.R.) Tsetskhladze Ed. Greek Colonisation. An Account of Greek Colonies and Other Settlements Overseas. Volume 1. (Mnemosyne Suppl. 193). Leiden: Brill, 2006. Pp. Lxxxiii + 564, Illus. €186. 9789004122048. [REVIEW]Alan M. Greaves - 2008 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 128:249-.
  37.  13
    Coming of Age? Association for Medical Humanities Holds First Annual Conference.D. A. Greaves - 2003 - Medical Humanities 29 (2):57-58.
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  38.  10
    Combining Law with Medical Ethics.D. Greaves - 1987 - Journal of Medical Ethics 13 (3):134-136.
    A postgraduate Diploma in Medical Ethics and Law was started in October 1984 by the Centre of Medical Law and Ethics at King's College. It is a part-time one year course designed so as to enable students to continue with full-time employment if they wish. It is multidiscipinary and is open to all who have a first degree in a relevant discipline, for example law, philosophy, theology, medicine and nursing studies. It is unique in combining medical law and medical ethics (...)
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  39.  11
    Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae 2.30 and Herodotus 1.146.A. M. Greaves - 1998 - Classical Quarterly 48 (02):572-574.
    In this well-known passage of his Antiquitates Romanae, Dionysius of Halicarnassus describes how Romulus and his companions seized and married the Sabine virgins. Romulus justifies his actions by stating that this method of acquiring wives was a Greek custom:Dionysius' report of a Greek tradition adopted by Romulus is rather enigmatic. It has previously been noted that this passage bears similarity to passages of Plutarch and in particular his description of the Spartan marriage ceremony. This Spartan marriage ceremony does bear some (...)
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  40.  6
    Art and Archaeology (H.) Hurst and (S.) Owen Eds. Ancient Colonizations. Analogy, Similarity and Difference. London: Duckworth, 2005. Pp. Viii + 165, Illus., Maps, Plans. £16.99. 0715632981. [REVIEW]Alan M. Greaves - 2007 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 127:217-.
  41.  5
    The Meaning of Medicine: The Human Person: Edited by B Ars. Kugler, 2001, 28, Pp 194. ISBN 90 6299 183.D. Greaves - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (4):11e-11.
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  42.  7
    Louisa May Alcott: Her Mysterious Illness.Norbert Hirschhorn & Ian Greaves - 2007 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 50 (2):243-259.
  43.  7
    The Future Prospects for Living Wills.D. Greaves - 1989 - Journal of Medical Ethics 15 (4):179-182.
    Following the first enactment of living will legislation in California in 1976 the majority of the states of the USA have now passed similar laws. However, flaws have been identified in the way they work in practice and many states are considering reviewing their legislation. In Britain there is no legislation but the subject is currently commanding considerable interest. This paper assesses the future prospects for living wills in both the USA and Britain, analysing the different options available and comparing (...)
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  44.  6
    Conceptions of Medical Humanities.D. Greaves - 2000 - Medical Humanities 26 (2):65-65.
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  45.  3
    The End of an Age of Optimism-Medical Science in Retrospect and Prospect.D. A. Greaves - 1981 - Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (1):46-47.
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  46.  5
    Letter to the Editor: Lincoln's Gait.Norbert Hirschhorn & Ian Greaves - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (4):631-632.
  47. Starting with Heidegger.Thomas C. Greaves - 2010 - Continuum.
    Introduction -- Phenomenology : the logic of appearance -- Phenomenology without attitude -- The root of sense and sensibility -- Concrete sketches of experience -- The self-evidence and elusiveness of phenomena -- Dasein : a living question -- Interrogating ourselves -- Hermeneutics, philosophy, and ontological difference -- The facts of life -- More or less human -- World : the event of meaning -- Tackling the world around us -- Environmental breakdown and recovery -- Our world owns itself -- Anyone (...)
     
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  48.  2
    The Foundations of Political Theory.H. R. G. Greaves - 1960 - New York: Published for the London School of Economics and Political Science [by] Praeger.
  49. "A Great Championess for Her Sex": Sarah Chapone on Liberty as Nondomination and Self-Mastery.Jacqueline Broad - 2015 - The Monist 98 (1):77-88.
    This paper examines the concept of liberty at the heart of Sarah Chapone’s 1735 work, The Hardships of the English Laws in Relation to Wives. In this work, Chapone (1699-1764) advocates an ideal of freedom from domination that closely resembles the republican ideal in seventeenth and eighteenth- century England. This is the idea that an agent is free provided that no-one else has the power to dispose of that agent’s property—her “life, liberty, and limb” and her material possessions—according to (...)
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  50. Sex, Social Purity, and Sarah Grand.Ann Heilmann & Stephanie Forward (eds.) - 2000 - Routledge.
    Sarah Grand was one of the most prominent New Women of the 1890s and a notable social purity feminist and suffragist. This collection offers important insights into the full range of her journalistic output and lesser-known fictional writings. It also makes available biographical and autobiographical material, and previously unpublished manuscript sources. The first volume reproduces Grand's articles and the contemporary critical reception of her work. The letters in volume two, written mostly in the 1920s and 1930s, shed light on (...)
     
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