Results for 'Saray Ayala López'

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  1.  14
    Sex Categorization in Medical Contexts: A Cautionary Tale.Lauren Freeman & Saray Ayala López - 2018 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 28 (3):243-280.
    [We] perform the cultural work of fitting individuals into categories; yet the active labor that goes into making sex appear dichotomous is generally invisible to the broader society, or at least rarely remarked upon.Wording matters. It doesn’t just affect a person’s willingness to check the box and be counted—it also highlights the existence of those identities. Perhaps if we weren’t so regularly confronted with a simple choice—“Are you male or female?”—our thinking about gender wouldn’t be so binary.To be sure, there (...)
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  2. Superfunctionalizing the Mind.Saray Ayala López - 2010 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):00-00.
  3. Sexual Orientation and Choice.Saray Ayala - 2017 - Journal of Social Ontology 3 (2):249-265.
    Is there a choice in sexual orientation? [Wilkerson, William S. : “Is It a Choice? Sexual Orientation as Interpretation”. In: Journal of Social Philosophy 40. No. 1, p. 97–116] argues that sexual desires require interpretation in order to be fully constituted, and therefore sexual orientation is at least partially constituted by choice. [Díaz-León, Esa : “Sexual Orientation as Interpretation? Sexual Desires, Concepts, and Choice”; In: Journal of Social Ontology] critically assesses Wilkerson’s argument, concluding that we still lack a good argument (...)
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  4. Philosophy and the Non-Native Speaker Condition.Saray Ayala - 2015 - American Philosophical Association Newsletter in Feminism and Philosophy 14 (2).
    In this note, my aim is to point out a phenomenon that has not received much attention; a phenomenon that, in my opinion, should not be overlooked in the professional practice of philosophy, especially within feminist efforts for social justice. I am referring to the way in which being a non-native speaker of English interacts with the practice of philosophy.1 There is evidence that non-native speakers are often perceived in prejudiced ways. Such prejudiced perception causes harm and, more importantly, constitutes (...)
     
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  5. Cognitive Externalism Meets Bounded Rationality.Eric Arnau, Saray Ayala & Thomas Sturm - 2014 - Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):50-64.
    When proponents of cognitive externalism (CE) turn to empirical studies in cognitive science to put the framework to use and to assess its explanatory success, they typically refer to perception, memory, or motor coordination. In contrast, not much has been said about reasoning. One promising avenue to explore in this respect is the theory of bounded rationality (BR). To clarify the relationship between CE and BR, we criticize Andy Clark's understanding of BR, as well as his claim that BR does (...)
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  6.  88
    Speech Affordances: A Structural Take on How Much We Can Do with Our Words.Saray Ayala - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (4):879-891.
    Individuals can do a broad variety of things with their words and enjoy different degrees of this capacity. What moderates this capacity? And in cases in which this capacity is unjustly disrupted, what is a good explanation for it? These are the questions I address here. I propose that speech capacity, understood as the capacity to do things with your words, is a structural property importantly dependent on individuals' position in a social structure. My account facilitates a non-individualistic explanation of (...)
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  7.  64
    Extended Sex: An Account of Sex for a More Just Society.Saray Ayala & Nadya Vasilyeva - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (4):725-742.
    We propose an externalist understanding of sex that builds upon extended and distributed approaches to cognition, and contributes to building a more just, diversity-sensitive society. Current sex categorization practices according to the female/male dichotomy are not only inaccurate and incoherent, but they also ground moral and political pressures that harm and oppress people. We argue that a new understanding of sex is due, an understanding that would acknowledge the variability and, most important, the flexibility of sex properties, as well as (...)
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  8.  33
    Responsibility for Silence.Saray Ayala & Nadya Vasilyeva - 2016 - Journal of Social Philosophy 47 (3):256-272.
    This paper builds upon Mary Kate McGowan’s analysis of the mechanisms of harm in conversations (McGowan 2004; 2009). McGowan describes how a speaker’s intervention might constitute harm by enacting what is permissible to do in the conversation thereafter. We expand McGowan’s analysis in two ways: first, we use her account to argue for the potential of interlocutor’s silence, not only speaker’s intervention, to enact harm; second, we introduce a new party into the picture: observers of the conversation. We propose that (...)
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  9. Superfunctionalizing the Mind. [REVIEW]Saray Ayala - 2010 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy (1).
  10.  15
    The Placental Microbiome: A New Site for Policing Women's Bodies.Saray Ayala & Lauren Freeman - 2016 - Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 9 (1):121-148.
    This paper brings feminist public health ethics and feminist analytic tools to bear on mainstream medical research. Specifically, it uses these approaches to call attention to several problems associated with “The Placenta Harbors a Unique Microbiome,” a recent study published in Science Translational Medicine. We point out the potential negative consequences these problems have for both women’s health and their autonomy.Our paper has two parts. We begin by discussing the study, which examines the composition of the placental microbiome, that is (...)
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  11.  18
    Development and Validation of The CEU-Lopez Critical Thinking Test.Marcos Y. Lopez & Maricris V. Asilo - 2014 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 29 (1):32-55.
    This study describes the methodology used by Marcos Y. Lopez of the Centro Escolar University in developing and validating The CEU-Lopez Critical Thinking Test. The test is a multi-aspect general-knowledge critical thinking test designed for Filipino students in tertiary level. It uses Ennis’s conception of critical thinking in the development of test items. The use of verbal reports of thinking to establish validity and fairness of multiple-choice critical thinking test is based on the study by Norris in validating his co-authored (...)
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  12.  40
    Introduction and Institutionalization of Genetics in Mexico Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar and Francisco J. Ayala.Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar & Francisco J. Ayala - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):273-299.
    We explore the distinctive characteristics of Mexico's society, politics and history that impacted the establishment of genetics in Mexico, as a new disciplinary field that began in the early 20th century and was consolidated and institutionalized in the second half. We identify about three stages in the institutionalization of genetics in Mexico. The first stage can be characterized by Edmundo Taboada, who was the leader of a research program initiated during the Cárdenas government (1934-1940), which was primarily directed towards improving (...)
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  13.  30
    Villaverde Rico, M. J. y López Sastre, G.: "Civilizados y salvajes. La mirada de los ilustrados sobre el mundo no europeo". [REVIEW]Alberto López - 2016 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 49:280-283.
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  14. Entrevista Con Francisco J. Ayala.Francisco J. Ayala - 1983 - El Basilisco 15:78-93.
     
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  15.  30
    Explaining Injustice: Structural Analysis, Bias, and Individuals.Saray Ayala López & Erin Beeghly - forthcoming - In Erin Beeghly & Alex Madva (eds.), An Introduction to Implicit Bias: Knowledge, Justice, and the Social Mind. Routledge.
    Why does social injustice exist? What role, if any, do implicit biases play in the perpetuation of social inequalities? Individualistic approaches to these questions explain social injustice as the result of individuals’ preferences, beliefs, and choices. For example, they explain racial injustice as the result of individuals acting on racial stereotypes and prejudices. In contrast, structural approaches explain social injustice in terms of beyond-the-individual features, including laws, institutions, city layouts, and social norms. Often these two approaches are seen as competitors. (...)
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  16.  5
    Editorial Note.Rebecca Kukla - 2018 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 28 (3):ix-xi.
    This quarter’s issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal dives deeply into questions concerning who is the proper target of medical interventions, and under what circumstances. Mary Jean Walker and James Franklin’s article, “An Argument Against Drug Testing Welfare Recipients,” and Maggie Taylor’s “Too Close to the Knives: Children’s Rights, Parental Authority, and Best Interests in the Context of Elective Pediatric Surgeries” both ask hard questions about when medical interventions can be imposed without consent, purportedly in order to secure (...)
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  17.  16
    A Structural Explanation of Injustice in Conversations: It's About Norms.Saray Ayala-López - forthcoming - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
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  18.  4
    The Road to HEAVEN Is Paved With Good Intentions: Transplanting Heads, Manipulating Selves, and Reassigning Genders.Russell DiSilvestro, Chong Choe-Smith, Timothy Houk & Saray Ayala-Lopez - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (4):223-225.
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  19.  10
    Foreigners and Inclusion in Academia.Saray Ayala-López - 2018 - Hypatia 33 (2):325-342.
    This article discusses the category of foreigner in the context of academia. In the first part I explore this category and its philosophical significance. A quick look at the literature reveals that this category needs more attention in analyses of dimensions of privilege and disadvantage. Foreignness has peculiarities that demarcate it from other categories of identity, and it intersects with them in complicated ways. Devoting more attention to it would enable addressing issues affecting foreigners in academia that go commonly unnoticed. (...)
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  20.  5
    Scientists Making a Difference, Editors Not so Much. [REVIEW]Saray Ayala-López - 2018 - Metascience 27 (2):343-346.
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  21.  34
    Ortega y Gasset, Literary Critic.Francisco Ayala - 1974 - Critical Inquiry 1 (2):395-414.
    In the history of literary criticism the name of Ortega y Gasset is indispensable, since in this, as well as in all other sectors of cultural activity, the influence of his thought has been most decisive. He opened paths and established guidelines that remain in effect; his vision of the Quijote not only counterbalanced that of Unamuno, against which it purposely rebelled, but also, by underscoring the resources called into play by Cervantes in composing his master work, he has shaped (...)
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  22.  38
    Nota preliminar.Modesto Saavedra López - 2009 - Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 43:9 - 12.
    Este es el primer número de la revista tras la jubilación del profesor Nicolás López Calera. Él ha sido su director durante más de cuarenta años, concretamente desde que en 1967 se incorporase a la Universidad de Granada como catedrático de Derecho Natural y Filosofía del Derecho. Hasta ahora, en que ha querido retirarse también de esa página de inicio que da cuenta de las responsabilidades oficiales de su confección. Valgan estas líneas como testimonio de reconocimiento y agradecimiento por (...)
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  23. Self-Deception's Puzzles and Processes: A Return to a Sartrean View.Jason Kido Lopez - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    In this book, Jason Kido Lopez argues that self-deception is a matter of intentionally using the strategies and methods of interpersonal deception on oneself. This conception demonstrates interesting connections between Sartre’s notion of bad faith, interpersonal deception and lying, pretense, wishful thinking, akrasia, and unintentional biases.
     
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  24. Lukács: Praxis and the Absolute.Daniel Andrés López - 2019 - Brill.
    In _Lukács: Praxis and the Absolute_, Daniel Andrés López reassembles Lukács’s philosophy of praxis on a Hegelian basis, as a conceptual-historical totality, both defending him and proposing an unprecedented, immanent critique that raises problems for Marxian philosophy as a whole.
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  25. Teleological Explanations in Evolutionary Biology.Francisco J. Ayala - 1970 - Philosophy of Science 37 (1):1-15.
    The ultimate source of explanation in biology is the principle of natural selection. Natural selection means differential reproduction of genes and gene combinations. It is a mechanistic process which accounts for the existence in living organisms of end-directed structures and processes. It is argued that teleological explanations in biology are not only acceptable but indeed indispensable. There are at least three categories of biological phenomena where teleological explanations are appropriate.
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  26.  32
    The Scientific Buddha: His Short and Happy Life.Donald S. Lopez - 2012 - Yale University Press.
    A Purified Religion -- The Birth of the Scientific Buddha -- The Problem with Karma -- Interlude: A Primer on Buddhist Meditation -- The Death of the Scientific Buddha.
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  27.  44
    Studies in the Philosophy of Biology.F. Ayala & T. Dobzhansky (eds.) - 1974 - University of California Press.
    Should the philosophy of biology deal with organismic, or with molecular aspects , or with both ? We are, of course, not the first to appreciate the ...
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  28.  74
    After Postmodernism: An Introduction to Critical Realism.José López & Garry Potter (eds.) - 2005 - Continuum.
    What comes after "postmodernism"?
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  29.  85
    The Future of the Buddhist Past: A Response to the Readers.Donald S. Lopez - 2010 - Zygon 45 (4):883-896.
    I respond to comments offered by Peter Harrison and Thupten Jinpa on my book Buddhism and Science: A Guide for the Perplexed (2008). I report briefly on the reception of the book thus far and provide a summary of its contents before responding individually to the essays of Harrison and Jinpa.
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  30.  39
    Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology.Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.) - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This collection of specially commissioned essays puts top scholars head to head to debate the central issues in the lively and fast growing field of philosophy ...
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  31.  39
    How Vestibular Stimulation Interacts with Illusory Hand Ownership.Christophe Lopez, Bigna Lenggenhager & Olaf Blanke - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):33-47.
    Artificial stimulation of the peripheral vestibular system has been shown to improve ownership of body parts in neurological patients, suggesting vestibular contributions to bodily self-consciousness. Here, we investigated whether galvanic vestibular stimulation interferes with the mechanisms underlying ownership, touch, and the localization of one’s own hand in healthy participants by using the “rubber hand illusion” paradigm. Our results show that left anodal GVS increases illusory ownership of the fake hand and illusory location of touch. We propose that these changes are (...)
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  32.  89
    La "Teoría del objeto puro" de A. Millán-Puelles.Jesús García López - 1992 - Anuario Filosófico 25 (2):321-348.
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  33. What the Biological Sciences Can and Cannot Contribute to Ethics.Francisco Ayala - 2008 - In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    The question whether ethical behavior is biologically determined may refer either to the capacity for ethics (i.e., the proclivity to judge human actions as either right or wrong), or to the moral norms accepted by human beings for guiding their actions. I herein propose: (1) that the capacity for ethics is a necessary attribute of human nature; and (2) that moral norms are products of cultural evolution, not of biological evolution. Humans exhibit ethical behavior by nature because their biological makeup (...)
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  34. Side Constraints and the Structure of Commonsense Ethics.Theresa Lopez, Jennifer Zamzow, Michael Gill & Shaun Nichols - 2009 - Philosophical Perspectives 23 (1):305-319.
    In our everyday moral deliberations, we attend to two central types of considerations – outcomes and moral rules. How these considerations interrelate is central to the long-standing debate between deontologists and utilitarians. Is the weight we attach to moral rules reducible to their conduciveness to good outcomes (as many utilitarians claim)? Or do we take moral rules to be absolute constraints on action that normatively trump outcomes (as many deontologists claim)? Arguments over these issues characteristically appeal to commonsense intuitions about (...)
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  35.  41
    Business and Social Reputation: Exploring the Concept and Main Dimensions of Corporate Reputation. [REVIEW]Gregorio Martín de Castro, José Emilio Navas López & Pedro López Sáez - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (4):361-370.
    Different theoretical approaches highlight the growing relevance of corporate reputation as strategic factor. Among these approaches the arguments of the Resource-Based View are special worthwhile (Grant, 1991, California Management Review 33(3), 114–135; Barney, 1999, Sloan Management Review Spring, 137–145). Nevertheless, this topic poses several methodological problems (Barney et al., 2001), as the unavailability to identify and measure this organizational factor, that is “socially complex” and intangible in its nature. In this work, using the findings of our empirical research on Spanish (...)
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  36. The Biological Roots of Morality.Francisco J. Ayala - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (3):235-252.
    The question whether ethical behavior is biologically determined may refer either to thecapacity for ethics (e.i., the proclivity to judge human actions as either right or wrong), or to the moralnorms accepted by human beings for guiding their actions. My theses are: (1) that the capacity for ethics is a necessary attribute of human nature; and (2) that moral norms are products of cultural evolution, not of biological evolution.Humans exhibits ethical behavior by nature because their biological makeup determines the presence (...)
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  37.  41
    There is No Place for Intelligent Design in the Philosophy of Biology : Intelligent Design is Not Science.Francisco J. Ayala - 2010 - In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 364--390.
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  38.  36
    Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems.Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky (eds.) - 1974 - University of California Press.
    . Introductory Remarks THEODOSIUS DOBZHANSKY The problems of reduction in biology are currently of considerable theoretical interest and practical ...
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  39.  30
    Mapping Metaphors and Analogies.José J. López - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):61-63.
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  40.  50
    The Operative Mind: A Functional, Computational and Modeling Approach to Machine Consciousness.Carlos Hernández, Ignacio López & Ricardo Sanz - 2009 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 1 (1):83-98.
  41.  7
    Bridging the Gaps: Science Fiction in Nanotechnology.José López - 2004 - Hyle 10 (2):129 - 152.
    This paper argues that narrative elements from the science fiction (SF) literary genre are used in the discourse of Nanoscience and Technology (NST) to bridge the gap between what is technically possible today and its inflated promises for the future. The argument is illustrated through a detailed discussion of two NST texts. The paper concludes by arguing that the use of SF narrative techniques poses serious problems to the development of a critical analysis of the ethical and social implications of (...)
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  42.  64
    Normalización de la Filosofía Y Filosofía Latinoamericana En Colombia. Vivencia de Un Proceso.Carlos Arturo López - 2012 - Universitas Philosophica 29 (58):309-327.
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  43.  46
    Mostrador e enseñador de los turbados. Notas sobre el primer romanceado de la Guía de perplejos.José Antonio Fernández López - 2011 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 28:39-70.
    Pedro de Toledo’s translation, Enseñador e Mostrador delos Turbados, is the earliest and most extensive philosophical text to appear in Spanish. The first translation into a vernacular language of RaMBaM’s Guide for the Perplexed is presented in Ms. 10289 of the Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid. The text seems an intellectual battle-field. It presents some interesting and peculiar characteristics at once: a text covered with glosses of the translator himself, and comments, variant translations, philosophical and theological disagreements, the use of rabbinic and (...)
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  44.  90
    A Unified Approach to Restricted Games.E. Algaba, J. M. Bilbao & J. J. López - 2001 - Theory and Decision 50 (4):333-345.
    There have been two main lines in the literature on restricted games: the first line was started by Myerson (1977) that studied graph-restricted games an the second one was initiated by Faigle (1989). The present paper provides a unified way to look on the literature and establishes connections between the two different lines on restricted games. The strength and advantages of this unified approach becomes clear in the study of the inheritance of the convexity from the game to the restricted (...)
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  45.  50
    More Ethical Than Not: Sanctions as Surgical Tools: Response to "a Peaceful, Silent, Deadly Remedy".George A. Lopez - 1999 - Ethics and International Affairs 13:143–148.
    Joy Gordon has made a major contribution to both the ethical analysis and the policy evaluation of economic sanctions. Her claims against sanctions should be understood as critique rather than condemnation of sanctions on ethical grounds.
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  46.  29
    Teleological Explanations Versus Teleology.Francisco J. Ayala - 1998 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (1):41 - 50.
  47.  13
    HEGEL ON COMMUNITAS an Unexplored Relationship Between Hegel and Esposito.María del Rosario Acosta López - 2013 - Angelaki 18 (3):13-31.
    In Communitas: The Origin and Destiny of Community, Roberto Esposito develops a destructionist reading of political philosophy, interested in tracing modernity's attempt to constitute the political as a radical negation of our exposure to others. If the task of contemporary political thinking is to interrupt the myth of the common, without falling back completely into the negative and self-destructive power of immunization, political philosophy must be confronted with itself, searching within itself for the traces and points of departure – hermeneutic (...)
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  48.  74
    From Numinous to Sacred and religious (Magische Flucht, Magic Flight and ecstasy as experiences with the Sacred).José Luis Cardero López - 2009 - 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 14:215-229.
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  49.  39
    Does the FOUR Score Correctly Diagnose the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States?Caroline Schnakers, Joseph Giacino, Kathleen Kalmar, Sonia Piret, Eduardo Lopez, Mélanie Boly, Richard Malone & Steven Laureys - 2006 - Annals of Neurology 60 (6):744-745.
  50. La industria metalmecánica y sus capacidades tecnológicas. Diagnóstico de la región centro del estado de Coahuila.Elvira Velarde López & Zóchitl Araiza Garza - forthcoming - El Dilema de la Innovación.
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