Results for 'Sascha Griffiths'

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  1. Co‐Development of Manner and Path Concepts in Language, Action, and Eye‐Gaze Behavior.Katrin S. Lohan, Sascha S. Griffiths, Alessandra Sciutti, Tim C. Partmann & Katharina J. Rohlfing - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (3):492-512.
    In order for artificial intelligent systems to interact naturally with human users, they need to be able to learn from human instructions when actions should be imitated. Human tutoring will typically consist of action demonstrations accompanied by speech. In the following, the characteristics of human tutoring during action demonstration will be examined. A special focus will be put on the distinction between two kinds of motion events: path-oriented actions and manner-oriented actions. Such a distinction is inspired by the literature pertaining (...)
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  2.  73
    The ITALK Project: A Developmental Robotics Approach to the Study of Individual, Social, and Linguistic Learning.Frank Broz, Chrystopher L. Nehaniv, Tony Belpaeme, Ambra Bisio, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Luciano Fadiga, Tomassino Ferrauto, Kerstin Fischer, Frank Förster, Onofrio Gigliotta, Sascha Griffiths, Hagen Lehmann, Katrin S. Lohan, Caroline Lyon, Davide Marocco, Gianluca Massera, Giorgio Metta, Vishwanathan Mohan, Anthony Morse, Stefano Nolfi, Francesco Nori, Martin Peniak, Karola Pitsch, Katharina J. Rohlfing, Gerhard Sagerer, Yo Sato, Joe Saunders, Lars Schillingmann, Alessandra Sciutti, Vadim Tikhanoff, Britta Wrede, Arne Zeschel & Angelo Cangelosi - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (3):534-544.
    This article presents results from a multidisciplinary research project on the integration and transfer of language knowledge into robots as an empirical paradigm for the study of language development in both humans and humanoid robots. Within the framework of human linguistic and cognitive development, we focus on how three central types of learning interact and co-develop: individual learning about one's own embodiment and the environment, social learning (learning from others), and learning of linguistic capability. Our primary concern is how these (...)
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  3.  4
    Crossmodal Lifelong Learning in Hybrid Neural Embodied Architectures.Stefan Wermter, Sascha Griffiths & Stefan Heinrich - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  4.  39
    III. Basic Emotions, Complex Emotions, Machiavellian Emotions1: Paul E. Griffiths.Paul E. Griffiths - 2003 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 52:39-67.
    According to the distinguished philosopher Richard Wollheim, an emotion is an extended mental episode that originates when events in the world frustrate or satisfy a pre-existing desire. This leads the subject to form an attitude to the world which colours their future experience, leading them to attend to one aspect of things rather than another, and to view the things they attend to in one light rather than another. The idea that emotions arise from the satisfaction or frustration of desires—the (...)
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  5.  17
    Hellenistic Civilisation. 3rd Edn. By W. W. Tarn and G. T. Griffith. Pp. Ix + 372. London: Arnold, 1952. 25s.P. M. Fraser, W. W. Tarn & G. T. Griffith - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:169-169.
  6.  60
    Corporate Social Performance, Firm Size, and Organizational Visibility: Distinct and Joint Effects on Voluntary Sustainability Reporting.Sascha Raithel & Philipp Schreck - 2018 - Business and Society 57 (4):742-778.
    This study investigates the distinct and joint effects of corporate social performance, firm size, and visibility on a company’s decision to disclose sustainability-related information through sustainability reports. It seeks to provide more nuanced explanations for why certain companies tend to extensively report on their sustainability performance. First, while prior studies have predominantly focused on environmental reporting, the current analysis considers comprehensive sustainability reports that include both environmental and social issues. Second, the article argues that the effects of two important antecedents (...)
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  7.  95
    Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior.Paul E. Griffiths - 2002 - Mind 111 (441):178-182.
  8. Prostitution and the Good of Sex.Sascha Settegast - 2018 - Social Theory and Practice 44 (3):377-403.
    On some accounts, prostitution is just another form of casual sex and as such not particularly harmful in itself, if regulated properly. I claim that, although casual sex in general is not inher-ently harmful, prostitution in fact is. To show this, I defend an account of sex as joint action characteristically aimed at sexual enjoyment, here understood as a tangible experience of com-munity among partners, and argue that prostitution fails to achieve this good by incentivizing partners to mistreat each other. (...)
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  9. A Deeper Look at the "Neural Correlate of Consciousness".Sascha Benjamin Fink - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    A main goal of the neuroscience of consciousness is: find the neural correlate to conscious experiences (NCC). When have we achieved this goal? The answer depends on our operationalization of “NCC.” Chalmers (2000) shaped the widely accepted operationalization according to which an NCC is a neural system with a state which is minimally sufficient (but not necessary) for an experience. A deeper look at this operationalization reveals why it might be unsatisfactory: (i) it is not an operationalization of a correlate (...)
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  10.  39
    Spheres: Towards a Techno-Social Ontology of Place/S.Sascha Rashof - 2018 - Theory, Culture and Society 35 (6):131-152.
    This review presents a systematic reading of Peter Sloterdijk’s Spheres trilogy, as part of a larger project to develop a techno-social ontology of place/s. Arguing against universalising theories of time and space, including Sloterdijk’s own conception of Spheres as ‘Being and Space’, this essay reads the trilogy through a ‘platial’ framework. While commenting on some of the shortcomings of the official English translations, the three volumes are being worked through methodically – Bubbles (micro spherology), Globes (macro spherology) and Foams (plural (...)
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  11. The Mere Exposure Phenomenon: A Lingering Melody by Robert Zajonc.Richard L. Moreland & Sascha Topolinski - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):329-339.
    The mere exposure phenomenon (repeated exposure to a stimulus is sufficient to improve attitudes toward that stimulus) is one of the most inspiring phenomena associated with Robert Zajonc’s long and productive career in social psychology. In the first part of this article, Richard Moreland (who was trained by Zajonc in graduate school) describes his own work on exposure and learning, and on the relationships among familiarity, similarity, and attraction in person perception. In the second part, Sascha Topolinski (a recent (...)
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  12.  45
    Why Care Beyond the Square? Classical and Extended Shapes of Oppositions in Their Application to „Introspective Disputes“.Sascha Benjamin Fink - 2017 - In Jean-Yves Béziau & Gianfranco Basti (eds.), The Square of Opposition: A Cornerstone of Thought (Studies in Universal Logic). Birkhäuser. pp. 325-337.
    So called “shapes of opposition”—like the classical square of opposition and its extensions—can be seen as graphical representations of the ways in which types of statements constrain each other in their possible truth values. As such, they can be used as a novel way of analysing the subject matter of disputes. While there have been great refinements and extensions of this logico-topological tool in the last years, the broad range of shapes of opposition are not widely known outside of a (...)
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  13.  47
    Scanning the “Fringe” of Consciousness: What is Felt and What is Not Felt in Intuitions About Semantic Coherence.Sascha Topolinski & Fritz Strack - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):608-618.
    In intuitions concerning semantic coherence participants are able to discriminate above chance whether a word triad has a common remote associate or not . These intuitions are driven by increased fluency in processing coherent triads compared to incoherent triads, which in turn triggers a brief and short positive affect. The present work investigates which of these internal cues, fluency or positive affect, is the actual cue underlying coherence intuitions. In Experiment 1, participants liked coherent word triads more than incoherent triads, (...)
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  14.  14
    Look Who's Talking! Varieties of Ego-Dissolution Without Paradox.Sascha Benjamin Fink - 2020 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 1 (I):1-36.
    How to model non-egoic experiences – mental events with phenomenal aspects that lack a felt self – has become an interesting research question. The main source of evidence for the existence of such non-egoic experiences are self-ascriptions of non-egoic experiences. In these, a person says about herself that she underwent an episode where she was conscious but lacked a feeling of self. Some interpret these as accurate reports, but this is questionable. Thomas Metzinger, Rocco Gennaro, and Charles Foster have hinted (...)
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  15.  9
    Adaptation to Recent Conflict in the Classical Color-Word Stroop-Task Mainly Involves Facilitation of Processing of Task-Relevant Information.Sascha Purmann & Stefan Pollmann - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  16. What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories.Paul E. Griffiths - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (4):642-648.
     
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  17. Phenomenal Precision and Some Possible Pitfalls – A Commentary on Ned Block.Sascha Benjamin Fink - 2015 - Open MIND.
    Ground Representationism is the position that for each phenomenal feature there is a representational feature that accounts for it. Against this thesis, Ned Block (The Puzzle of Phenomenal Precision, 2015) has provided an intricate argument that rests on the notion of “phenomenal precision”: the phenomenal precision of a percept may change at a different rate from its representational counterpart. If so, there is then no representational feature that accounts for a specific change of this phenomenal feature. Therefore, Ground Representationism cannot (...)
     
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  18.  30
    Certain Hope: A. Phillips Griffiths.A. Phillips Griffiths - 1990 - Religious Studies 26 (4):453-461.
    In his recent article 1 Stewart Sutherland rightly and trenchantly criticizes some accounts of hope which ignore, or radically misrepresent, how it is conceived in religious contexts. The most surprising, to me, is Chesterton's, that hope is ‘the power of being cheerful in circumstances which we know to be desperate’. Surprising, not so much for its content as for its source. However, this particular example could be of one who would risk giving scandal for the sake of wit; what he (...)
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  19.  66
    Sex and Age Differences in Mate-Selection Preferences.Sascha Schwarz & Manfred Hassebrauck - 2012 - Human Nature 23 (4):447-466.
    For nearly 70 years, studies have shown large sex differences in human mate selection preferences. However, most of the studies were restricted to a limited set of mate selection criteria and to college students, and neglecting relationship status. In this study, 21,245 heterosexual participants between 18 and 65 years of age (mean age 41) who at the time were not involved in a close relationship rated the importance of 82 mate selection criteria adapted from previous studies, reported age ranges for (...)
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  20.  50
    Introspective Disputes Deflated: The Case for Phenomenal Variation.Sascha Benjamin Fink - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (12):3165-3194.
    Sceptics vis-à-vis introspection often base their scepticism on ‘phenomenological disputes’, ‘introspective disagreement’, or ‘introspective disputes’ (Kriegel, 2007; Bayne and Spener, 2010; Schwitzgebel, 2011): introspectors massively diverge in their opinions about experiences, and there seems to be no method to resolve these issues. Sceptics take this to show that introspection lacks any epistemic merit. Here, I provide a list of paradigmatic examples, distill necessary and sufficient conditions for IDs, present the sceptical argument encouraged by IDs, and review the two main strategies (...)
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  21. Discussion: Three Ways to Misunderstand Developmental Systems Theory.Paul E. Griffiths & Russell D. Gray - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (2-3):417.
    Developmental systems theory (DST) is a general theoretical perspective on development, heredity and evolution. It is intended to facilitate the study of interactions between the many factors that influence development without reviving `dichotomous' debates over nature or nurture, gene or environment, biology or culture. Several recent papers have addressed the relationship between DST and the thriving new discipline of evolutionary developmental biology (EDB). The contributions to this literature by evolutionary developmental biologists contain three important misunderstandings of DST.
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  22.  12
    The Logic of Digital Utopianism.Sascha Dickel & Jan-Felix Schrape - 2017 - NanoEthics 11 (1):47-58.
    With the Internet’s integration into mainstream society, online technologies have become a significant economic factor and a central aspect of everyday life. Thus, it is not surprising that news providers and social scientists regularly offer media-induced visions of a nearby future and that these horizons of expectation are continually expanding. This is true not only for the Web as a traditional media technology but also for 3D printing, which has freed modern media utopianism from its stigma of immateriality. Our article (...)
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  23. An essay on free will.Peter van Inwagen & A. Phillips Griffiths - 1985 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 175 (4):557-558.
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  24.  18
    Hammond and Griffith A History of Macedonia. 2. 550–336 B.C. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1979. Pp. Xxii + 757, 3 Plates, 10 Maps, Col. Maps on Endpapers. £25.00. [REVIEW]J. R. Ellis, N. G. L. Hammond & G. T. Griffith - 1981 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 101:200-201.
  25.  9
    The Architecture of Intuition: Fluency and Affect Determine Intuitive Judgments of Semantic and Visual Coherence and Judgments of Grammaticality in Artificial Grammar Learning.Sascha Topolinski & Fritz Strack - 2009 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 138 (1):39-63.
  26. Phenomenology of Will and Action the Second Lexington Conference. Edited by Erwin W. Straus and Richard M. Griffith.Erwin W. Straus, Richard Marion Griffith & United States - 1967 - Duquesne University Press.
  27.  14
    Routes to Embodiment.Anita Körner, Sascha Topolinski & Fritz Strack - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  28.  44
    The Analysis of Intuition: Processing Fluency and Affect in Judgements of Semantic Coherence.Sascha Topolinski & Fritz Strack - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (8):1465-1503.
  29.  11
    The Face of Fluency: Semantic Coherence Automatically Elicits a Specific Pattern of Facial Muscle Reactions.Sascha Topolinski, Katja U. Likowski, Peter Weyers & Fritz Strack - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (2):260-271.
  30.  14
    Modularity, and the Psychoevolutionary Theory of Emotion.P. E. Griffiths - 1990 - Biology and Philosophy 5 (2):175.
    It is unreasonable to assume that our pre-scientific emotion vocabulary embodies all and only those distinctions required for a scientific psychology of emotion. The psychoevolutionary approach to emotion yields an alternative classification of certain emotion phenomena. The new categories are based on a set of evolved adaptive responses, or affect-programs, which are found in all cultures. The triggering of these responses involves a modular system of stimulus appraisal, whose evoluations may conflict with those of higher-level cognitive processes. Whilst the structure (...)
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  31.  1
    Religious Reading: The Place of Reading in the Practice of Religion.Paul J. Griffiths - 1999 - Oxford University Press USA.
    What social conditions and intellectual practices are necessary in order for religious cultures to flourish? Paul Griffiths finds the answer in "religious reading" --- the kind of reading in which a religious believer allows his mind to be furnished and his heart instructed by a sacred text, understood in the light of an authoritative tradition. He favorably contrasts the practices and pedagogies of traditional religious cultures with those of our own fragmented and secularized culture and insists that religious reading (...)
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  32. What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories.Paul E. Griffiths - 1997 - University of Chicago Press.
    Paul E. Griffiths argues that most research on the emotions has been as misguided as Aristotelian efforts to study "superlunary objects" - objects...
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  33.  5
    Corrugator Activity Confirms Immediate Negative Affect in Surprise.Sascha Topolinski & Fritz Strack - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  34.  62
    One and Done? Optimal Decisions From Very Few Samples.Edward Vul, Noah Goodman, Thomas L. Griffiths & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (4):599-637.
    In many learning or inference tasks human behavior approximates that of a Bayesian ideal observer, suggesting that, at some level, cognition can be described as Bayesian inference. However, a number of findings have highlighted an intriguing mismatch between human behavior and standard assumptions about optimality: People often appear to make decisions based on just one or a few samples from the appropriate posterior probability distribution, rather than using the full distribution. Although sampling-based approximations are a common way to implement Bayesian (...)
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  35.  19
    Rational Approximations to Rational Models: Alternative Algorithms for Category Learning.Adam N. Sanborn, Thomas L. Griffiths & Daniel J. Navarro - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1144-1167.
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  36.  11
    When Does Christian Religion Matter for Entrepreneurial Activity? The Contingent Effect of a Country’s Investments Into Knowledge.K. Praveen Parboteeah, Sascha G. Walter & Jörn H. Block - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (2):447-465.
    This study furthers scholarship on the religion-entrepreneurship link by proposing that aspects of a country’s religious profile impact individual entrepreneurial activity differently and that a country’s level of investments in knowledge serves as a contingency factor in this milieu. Our cross-level analyses of data from 9,266 individuals and 27 predominantly Christian countries support the second, but not the first suggestion. The study contributes to a more nuanced understanding of religion’s role for entrepreneurship and bridges the literatures on religion and knowledge-based (...)
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  37.  89
    Theory-Based Bayesian Models of Inductive Learning and Reasoning.Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Thomas L. Griffiths & Charles Kemp - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (7):309-318.
  38.  21
    Matching Between Oral Inward–Outward Movements of Object Names and Oral Movements Associated with Denoted Objects.Sascha Topolinski, Lea Boecker, Thorsten M. Erle, Giti Bakhtiari & Diane Pecher - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (1):3-18.
  39.  22
    Resource-Rational Analysis: Understanding Human Cognition as the Optimal Use of Limited Computational Resources.Falk Lieder & Thomas L. Griffiths - forthcoming - Behavioral and Brain Sciences:1-85.
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  40.  30
    An Exploratory Mindset Reduces Preference for Prototypes and Increases Preference for Novel Exemplars.Jochim Hansen & Sascha Topolinski - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (4):709-716.
  41.  24
    Immediate Truth – Temporal Contiguity Between a Cognitive Problem and its Solution Determines Experienced Veracity of the Solution.Sascha Topolinski & Rolf Reber - 2010 - Cognition 114 (1):117-122.
  42.  15
    Live to Work or Work to Live? An Age-Moderated Mediation Model on the Simultaneous Mechanisms Prompted by Workaholism Among Healthcare Professionals.Paola Dordoni, Sascha Kraus-Hoogeveen, Beatrice I. J. M. Van Der Heijden, Pascale Peters, Ilaria Setti & Elena Fiabane - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  43.  7
    The Sensorimotor Contributions to Implicit Memory, Familiarity, and Recollection.Sascha Topolinski - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (2):260-281.
  44.  18
    Griffiths, Elimination and Psychopathology.Dominic Murphy & Stephen Stich - 1999 - Metascience 8 (1):13-25.
  45.  79
    Generalization, Similarity, and Bayesian Inference.Joshua B. Tenenbaum & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):629-640.
    Shepard has argued that a universal law should govern generalization across different domains of perception and cognition, as well as across organisms from different species or even different planets. Starting with some basic assumptions about natural kinds, he derived an exponential decay function as the form of the universal generalization gradient, which accords strikingly well with a wide range of empirical data. However, his original formulation applied only to the ideal case of generalization from a single encountered stimulus to a (...)
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  46. Introduction: What is Developmental Systems Theory?Susan Oyama, Paul Griffiths & Russell D. Gray - 2001 - In Susan Oyama, Paul Griffiths & Russell D. Gray (eds.), Cycles of Contingency: Developmental Systems and Evolution. MIT Press. pp. 1-11.
     
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  47.  11
    Rekonstruktive Synthesis: Zur Methodik der Kulturphilosophie bei Ernst Cassirer und John Dewey.Stefan Niklas & Sascha Freyberg - 2018 - In Stefan Niklas & Thiemo Breyer (eds.), Ernst Cassirer in Systematischen Beziehungen: Zur Kritisch-Kommunikativen Bedeutung Seiner Kulturphilosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 47-68.
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  48.  13
    A Processing Fluency-Account of Funniness: Running Gags and Spoiling Punchlines.Sascha Topolinski - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (5):811-820.
  49.  19
    Wittgenstein, Schopenhauer, and Ethics1: A. Phillips Griffiths.A. Phillips Griffiths - 1973 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 7:96-116.
    Wittgenstein always thought that he had not been understood, and indeed that it was very unlikely that many people ever would understand him. Russell not only failed to understand Wittgenstein's later work; according to Wittgenstein himself, Russell profoundly failed to understand even the Tractatus. Professor Anscombe says even she did not understand him, and that to attempt to give an account of what he says is only to express one's own ordinariness or mediocrity or lack of complexity. Certainly, most people (...)
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  50.  5
    Uncertainty Clouds.Sascha Rothbart - 2017 - Psyche 71 (3):189-213.
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