Results for 'Science Social aspects'

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  1.  14
    Looking at the Social Aspects of Nature of Science in Science Education Through a New Lens.Sila Kaya, Sibel Erduran, Naomi Birdthistle & Orla McCormack - 2018 - Science & Education 27 (5-6):457-478.
    Particular social aspects of the nature of science, such as economics of, and entrepreneurship in science, are understudied in science education research. It is not surprising then that the practical applications, such as lesson resources and teaching materials, are scarce. The key aims of this article are to synthesize perspectives from the literature on economics of science, entrepreneurship, NOS, and science education in order to have a better understanding of how science works (...)
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  2.  22
    Science, Social Theory and Public Knowledge.Alan Irwin - 2003 - Open University Press.
    How might social theory, public understanding of science and science policy best inform one another? What have been the key features of science-society relations in the modern world? How are we to re-think science-society relations in the context of globalization, hybridity and changing patterns of governance? This topical and unique book draws together the three key perspectives on science-society relations: public understanding of science, scientific and public governance, and social theory. The book (...)
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  3. Reviews: Social Aspects of Science; Religion-Studies in the Culture of Science in France and Britain Since the Enlightenment. [REVIEW]Maurice P. Crosland & P. Bret - 1998 - Annals of Science 55 (4):430-432.
     
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  4.  13
    Social Aspects of Science.On Sociological Biographies - 2008 - Annals of Science 65 (3):453-455.
  5.  39
    Social Aspects of Scientific Knowledge.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2020 - Synthese 197 (1):447-468.
    From its inception in 1987 social epistemology has been divided into analytic and critical approaches, represented by Alvin I. Goldman and Steve Fuller, respectively. In this paper, the agendas and some basic ideas of ASE and CSE are compared and assessed by bringing into the discussion also other participants of the debates on the social aspects of scientific knowledge—among them Raimo Tuomela, Philip Kitcher and Helen Longino. The six topics to be analyzed include individual and collective epistemic (...)
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  6.  4
    An Introduction to Science Studies the Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology.John M. Ziman - 1984 - Cambridge University Press.
    The purpose of this book is to give a coherent account of the different perspectives on science and technology that are normally studied under various disciplinary heads such as philosophy of science, sociology of science and science policy. It is intended for students embarking on courses in these subjects and assumes no special knowledge of any science. It is written in a direct and simple style, and technical language is introduced very sparingly. As various perspectives (...)
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  7. Technology, Philosophical and Social Aspects.Joseph Agassi & Yôsef Agasî - 1985 - Springer.
  8.  17
    Why "the Social Aspects of Science and Technology" is Not Just an Optional Extra.Donald MacKenzie - 1986 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 15 (4):2-6.
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  9. Technology, Philosophical and Social Aspects.[author unknown] - 1987 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 18 (1):322-331.
     
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  10.  21
    Inflating the social aspects of cognitive structural realism.Majid D. Beni - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (3):1-18.
    Inspired by Ronald Giere’s cognitive approach to scientific models, Cognitive Structural Realism has presented a naturalist account of scientific representation. CSR characterises the structure of theories in terms of cognitive structures. These are informational structures embodied in the brains of scientists. CSR accounts for scientific representation in terms of the dynamical relationship between the organism and its environment. The proposal has been criticised on account of its negligence of social aspects of scientific practice. The present paper aims to (...)
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  11.  8
    Ethical and Social Aspects of Neurorobotics.Christine Aicardi, Simisola Akintoye, B. Tyr Fothergill, Manuel Guerrero, Gudrun Klinker, William Knight, Lars Klüver, Yannick Morel, Fabrice O. Morin, Bernd Carsten Stahl & Inga Ulnicane - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (5):2533-2546.
    The interdisciplinary field of neurorobotics looks to neuroscience to overcome the limitations of modern robotics technology, to robotics to advance our understanding of the neural system’s inner workings, and to information technology to develop tools that support those complementary endeavours. The development of these technologies is still at an early stage, which makes them an ideal candidate for proactive and anticipatory ethical reflection. This article explains the current state of neurorobotics development within the Human Brain Project, originating from a close (...)
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  12.  11
    Social Aspects of Location-Monitoring Systems: The Case of Guide Me and of My-SOS.Peter Joore - 2008 - Social Science Information 47 (3):253-274.
    What are the social implications of the new geo-information systems and location based services that are becoming more and more widely used in modern society, and how are these aspects incorporated into the current development process of these products? Based on his experience as an industrial design engineer closely involved in the development of several LBS in the area of safety and security, and care and sports, the author describes the development of two LBS in which the Dutch (...)
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  13.  21
    Linking Cognitive and Social Aspects of Sound Change Using Agent‐Based Modeling.Jonathan Harrington, Felicitas Kleber, Ulrich Reubold, Florian Schiel & Mary Stevens - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (4):707-728.
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  14.  16
    An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology. John Ziman.Brian Wynne - 1988 - Isis 79 (1):129-129.
  15.  20
    Social Aspects of Scientific Method in Industrial Production.Sebastian B. Littauer - 1954 - Philosophy of Science 21 (2):93-100.
    In moments of daring, some physical scientists consider problems of social inquiry, hoping naively that the methods of physical inquiry will provide them with special insight. In my own work on problems of industrial production where I am searching for “practical” means for optimizing production in some socially satisfactory sense, I find that the physical scientist cannot escape the responsibility for social inquiry. So far as I can understand the nature of this work, it requires for its fruitful (...)
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  16.  2
    Metaphilosophy and the History of the Philosophy of Science-Philosophy and the Social Aspects of Scientific Inquiry: Moving On From the Science Wars-Reviving the Sociology of Science.Noretta Koertge & Philip Kitcher - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):S33-S44.
    I compare recent work in the sociology of scientific knowledge with other types of sociological research. On this basis I urge a revival of the sociology of science, offer a tentative agenda, and attempt to show how the questions I raise might be addressed.
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  17. On the Perspectives of Research Into the Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology.I. T. Frolov - 1988 - Dialectics and Humanism 15 (3-4):7-18.
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  18. A Selected Bibliography of Twentieth-Century Poems’ Relevant to Science and Social Aspects of Science.John A. Fuerst - 1978 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 3 (3):23-33.
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  19.  28
    Science and the Social Order.Bernard Barber - 1962 - Greenwood Press.
    The author, seeing science as a social activity, directs our attention to the problems of the social control of science. He discusses the sense in which science as a social activity is planned and unplanned.
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  20.  2
    Scientific-Technological Revolution: Social Aspects.Ralf Dahrendorf (ed.) - 1977 - Sage Publications [for] the International Sociological Association.
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  21.  1
    The Social Origins of Modern Science.Edgar Zilsel - 2000 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The most outstanding feature of this book is that here, for the first time, is made available in a single volume all the important historical essays Edgar Zilsel (1891-1944) published during WWII on the emergence of modern science. This edition also contains one previously unpublished essay and an extended version of an essay published earlier. In these essays, Zilsel developed the now famous thesis, named after him, that science came into being when, in the late Middle Ages, the (...)
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  22. Reductionism in Medicine: Social Aspects of Health.Elisabeth A. Lloyd - 2002 - In Marc Van Regenmortel & David Hull (eds.), Promises and Limits of Reductionism in the Biomedical Sciences. J. Wiley and Sons. pp. 67-82.
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  23.  6
    Studies in the Social Aspects of the Depression. [REVIEW]Paul F. Lazarsfeld - 1938 - Zeitschrift für Sozialforschung 7 (1-2):285-286.
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  24.  42
    Psychological and Social Aspects of Pyrrhonian Scepticism.Arne Naess - 1966 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 9 (1-4):301 – 321.
    A brief account is given of Pyrrhonian scepticism, as portrayed by Sextus Empiricus. This scepticism differs significantly from the views commonly attributed to 'the sceptic' which take scepticism to be a view or philosophical position to the effect that there can be no knowledge. The Pyrrhonist makes no philosophical assertions, because he does not find the arguments in favor of any position to be decisively stronger than the arguments against. Objections to scepticism, for instance that the sceptic cannot consistently show (...)
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  25.  10
    Methodologies for Social Aspects of Environmental Research.K. J. Walker - 1987 - Social Science Information 26 (4):759-782.
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  26.  20
    Cultural and Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Sex Education in Secondary Schools in Nigeria.Daniel C. Oshi, Sarah Nakalema & Luke L. Oshi - 2005 - Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (2):175-183.
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  27.  14
    Women and Sport – Social Aspects.Margaret Talbot - 1981 - Journal of Biosocial Science 13 (S7):33-47.
  28. Science in Society: An Introduction to Social Studies of Science.Massimiano Bucchi - 2004 - Routledge.
    The world around us has been shaped by science and man's relationship to it, and in recent years sociologists have been increasingly preoccupied with the latter. In Science in Society , Massimiano Bucchi provides a brief and approachable introduction to this sociological issue. Without assuming any scientific background, Bucchi provides clear summaries of all the major theoretical positions within the sociology of science, using many fascinating examples to illustrate them. Theories covered include Thomas Kuhn's theory of scientific (...)
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  29. The Intellectual and Social Organization of the Sciences.Richard Whitley - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    Increasing attention is paid in the social sciences and management studies to the constitution and claims of different theories, perspectives, and "paradigms." This book is one of the most respected and robust analyses of these issues. For this new paperback edition Richard Whitley--a leading figure in European business education--has written a new introduction which addresses the particular epistemological issues of business management studies.
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  30. States of Knowledge: The Co-Production of Science and Social Order.Sheila Jasanoff (ed.) - 2004 - Routledge.
    In the past twenty years, the field of science and technology studies (S&TS) has made considerable progress toward illuminating the relationship between scientific knowledge and political power. These insights have not yet been synthesized or presented in a form that systematically highlights the connections between S&TS and other social sciences. This timely collection of essays by some of the leading scholars in the field attempts to fill that gap. The book develops the theme of "co-production", showing how scientific (...)
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  31.  47
    Making Sense of Science: Understanding the Social Study of Science.Steven Yearley - 2005 - Sage Publications.
    `Fluid, readable and accessible ... I found the overall quality of the book to be excellent. It provides an overview of major (and preceding) developments in the field of science studies. It examines landmark works, authors, concepts and approaches ... I will certainly use this book as one of the course texts' Eileen Crist, Associate Professor, Science & Technology in Society, Virginia Tech Science is at the heart of contemporary society and is therefore central to the (...) sciences. Yet science studies has often encountered resistance from social scientists. This book attempts to remedy this by giving the most extensive, thorough and best argued account of the field and explaining to social scientists why science matters to them. This is a landmark book that demystifies science studies and successfully bridges the divide between social theory and the sociology of science. Illustrated with relevant, illuminating examples, it provides the ideal guide to science studies and social theory. (shrink)
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  32. Scientific Practice and Ordinary Action: Ethnomethodology and Social Studies of Science.Michael Lynch - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophers, historians, and sociologists of science have grown interested in the daily practices of scientists. Recent studies have drawn linkages between scientific innovations and more ordinary procedures, craft skills, and sources of sponsorship. These studies dispute the idea that science is the application of a unified method or the outgrowth of a progressive history of ideas. This book critically reviews arguments and empirical studies in two areas of sociology that have played a significant role in the 'sociological turn' (...)
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  33.  2
    Science, Technology, and Social Change.Steven Yearley - 1988 - Unwin Hyman.
  34.  47
    When Worlds Collide: Engineering Students Encounter Social Aspects of Production. [REVIEW]Sarah Kuhn - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (4):457-472.
    To design effective and socially sensitive systems, engineers must be able to integrate a technology-based approach to engineering problems with concerns for social impact and the context of use. The conventional approach to engineering education is largely technology-based, and even when additional courses with a social orientation are added, engineering graduates are often not well prepared to design user- and context-sensitive systems. Using data from interviews with three engineering students who had significant exposure to a socially-oriented perspective on (...)
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  35. Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society.Bruno Latour - 1987 - Harvard University Press.
    In this book Bruno Latour brings together these different approaches to provide a lively and challenging analysis of science, demonstrating how social context..
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  36.  20
    Social and Economic Aspects of Peirce's Conception of Science.W. Christopher Stewart - 1991 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 27 (4):501 - 526.
  37. The Social Organisation of Science as a Question for Philosophy of Science.Jaana Eigi - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Tartu
    Philosophy of science is showing an increasing interest in the social aspects and the social organisation of science—the ways social values and social interactions and structures play a role in the creation of knowledge and the ways this role should be taken into account in the organisation of science and science policy. My thesis explores a number of issues related to this theme. I argue that a prominent approach to the (...) organisation of science—Philip Kitcher’s well-ordered science—runs into a number of problems. They undermine its philosophical plausibility and practical usefulness. I agree with Kitcher that arguments about the social organisation of science should recognise profound societal consequences of science. Kitcher argues that the appropriate organisation of science should therefore take into account laypersons’ values and needs when making decisions concerning research planning, evaluation and application. My criticisms show that this is not enough. Drawing on Helen Longino ideas, I argue that laypersons’ perspectives and knowledge may also be relevant when doing research. In order to show how more inclusive research practices may be possible, I discuss connections between philosophy of science and some developments in science policy, which has also recently shown considerable interest in democratic participation. I demonstrate how public participation experiments in science policy may sometimes be close enough to what the philosopher would recommend. Their analysis can thus be helpful for understanding how societal developments may provide opportunities for the involvement of laypersons in science and what factors may endanger its success. I conclude that a way to pursue a more socially relevant philosophy of science is to focus on the points of contact and possibilities of cooperation between philosophical proposals and these public participation initiatives. (shrink)
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  38. Reflections on the International Networking Conference “Ethical and Social Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights – Agrifood and Health”, Brussels, September 2011.Michiel Korthals & Cristian Timmermann - 2011 - Synesis 3 (1):G66-73.
    Public goods, as well as commercial commodities, are affected by exclusive arrangements secured by intellectual property (IP) rights. These rights serve as an incentive to invest human and material capital in research and development. Particularly in the life sciences, IP rights regulate objects such as food and medicines that are key to securing human rights, especially the right to adequate food and the right to health. Consequently, IP serves private (economic) and public interests. Part of this charge claims that the (...)
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  39. L’épistémologie des croyances religieuses au prisme des sciences sociales.Yann Schmitt - 2015 - Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions 169:157-177.
    L’épistémologie des croyances religieuses qui pose la question de la rationalité des croyances peut être mise en question en introduisant des éléments de sciences sociales des religions et vice-versa. Un modèle épistémologique souligne que les croyances peuvent être garanties sans examen réflexif de la part du croyant. Mais dans un contexte pluraliste où la croyance particulière est mise en débat, l’exigence critique d’examen est une condition nécessaire de rationalité. En cela, l’épistémologie retrouve certains aspects de la sociologie de la (...)
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  40. Humanistic Aspect of the Integration of Natural and Social-Sciences.Z. Javurek - 1987 - Filosoficky Casopis 35 (5):650-670.
  41.  16
    Ethical Aspects of Social Science.Lester F. Ward - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (4):441-456.
  42.  12
    Ethical Aspects of Social Science.Lester F. Ward - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (4):441-456.
  43.  14
    Some Aspects of Florian Znaniecki's Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Piotr Sztompka - 1986 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 16 (4):441-457.
  44.  21
    Cognitive Science and the Social: A Primer.Stephen P. Turner - 2018 - New York, USA: Routledge.
    The rise of cognitive neuroscience is the most important scientific and intellectual development of the last thirty years. Findings pour forth, and major initiatives for brain research continue. The social sciences have responded to this development slowly--for good reasons. The implications of particular controversial findings, such as the discovery of mirror neurons, have been ambiguous, controversial within neuroscience itself, and difficult to integrate with conventional social science. Yet many of these findings, such as those of experimental neuro-economics, (...)
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  45. Science, Truth, and Democracy.Philip Kitcher - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Striving to boldly redirect the philosophy of science, this book by renowned philosopher Philip Kitcher examines the heated debate surrounding the role of science in shaping our lives. Kitcher explores the sharp divide between those who believe that the pursuit of scientific knowledge is always valuable and necessary--the purists--and those who believe that it invariably serves the interests of people in positions of power. In a daring turn, he rejects both perspectives, working out a more realistic image of (...)
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  46.  5
    Ethical Aspects of Social Science.Lester F. Ward - 1895 - Ethics 6 (4):441.
  47. Social Science in the Crucible the American Debate Over Objectivity and Purpose, 1918-1941.Mark C. Smith - 1994
    The 1920s and 30s were key decades for the history of American social science. The success of such quantitative disciplines as economics and psychology during World War I forced social scientists to reexamine their methods and practices and to consider recasting their field as a more objective science separated from its historical foundation in social reform. The debate that ensued, fiercely conducted in books, articles, correspondence, and even presidential addresses, made its way into every aspect (...)
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  48. Science and Social Inequality: Feminist and Postcolonial Issues.Sandra G. Harding - 2006 - University of Illinois Press.
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  49.  43
    Aspects of Enlightenment: Social Theory and the Ethics of Truth.Thomas Osborne - 1998 - Ucl Press.
    Introduction Of enlightenmentality Blackmail - Negative enlightenment - Critique of enlightenment - Postmodernism - Realism and enlightenment - Aspects of ...
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  50.  4
    Science and Technology Studies: Critical Concepts in the Social Sciences.Michael Lynch (ed.) - 2011 - Routledge.
    Science and Technology Studies has attained a strong international profile in recent decades. Science Studies incorporates work in the History and Philosophy of Science, but emphasizes the social, cultural, and political implications of developments in the natural sciences, mathematics, engineering, and medicine. The Sociology of Science remains a vital part of Science Studies, but many other key contributors in the field identify more strongly with core disciplines such as Anthropology, Political Science, and Communication (...)
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