Results for 'Science Social aspects'

988 found
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  1.  29
    Looking at the Social Aspects of Nature of Science in Science Education Through a New Lens.Sila Kaya, Sibel Erduran, Naomi Birdthistle & Orla McCormack - 2018 - Science & Education 27 (5-6):457-478.
    Particular social aspects of the nature of science, such as economics of, and entrepreneurship in science, are understudied in science education research. It is not surprising then that the practical applications, such as lesson resources and teaching materials, are scarce. The key aims of this article are to synthesize perspectives from the literature on economics of science, entrepreneurship, NOS, and science education in order to have a better understanding of how science works (...)
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  2.  15
    Social Aspects of Science.On Sociological Biographies - 2008 - Annals of Science 65 (3):453-455.
  3.  30
    An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology.John M. Ziman - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
    The purpose of this book is to give a coherent account of the different perspectives on science and technology that are normally studied under various disciplinary heads such as philosophy of science, sociology of science and science policy. It is intended for students embarking on courses in these subjects and assumes no special knowledge of any science. It is written in a direct and simple style, and technical language is introduced very sparingly. As various perspectives (...)
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  4.  25
    Science, social theory and public knowledge.Alan Irwin - 2003 - Philadelphia: Open University Press. Edited by Mike Michael.
    How might social theory, public understanding of science and science policy best inform one another? What have been the key features of science-society relations in the modern world? How are we to re-think science-society relations in the context of globalization, hybridity and changing patterns of governance? This topical and unique book draws together the three key perspectives on science-society relations: public understanding of science, scientific and public governance, and social theory. The book (...)
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  5. Reviews: Social Aspects of Science; Religion-Studies in the Culture of Science in France and Britain Since the Enlightenment. [REVIEW]Maurice P. Crosland & P. Bret - 1998 - Annals of Science 55 (4):430-432.
     
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  6.  51
    Social aspects of scientific knowledge.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2020 - Synthese 197 (1):447-468.
    From its inception in 1987 social epistemology has been divided into analytic and critical approaches, represented by Alvin I. Goldman and Steve Fuller, respectively. In this paper, the agendas and some basic ideas of ASE and CSE are compared and assessed by bringing into the discussion also other participants of the debates on the social aspects of scientific knowledge—among them Raimo Tuomela, Philip Kitcher and Helen Longino. The six topics to be analyzed include individual and collective epistemic (...)
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  7.  5
    Undone science: social movements, mobilized publics, and industrial transitions. [REVIEW]David J. Hess - unknown
    Introduction -- Repression, ignorance, and undone science -- The epistemic dimension of the political opportunity structure -- The politics of meaning: from frames to design conflicts -- The organizational forms of counterpublic knowledge -- Institutional change, industrial transitions, and regime resistance politics -- Contemporary change: liberalization and epistemic modernization -- Conclusion.
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  8.  28
    Social aspects of scientific method in industrial production.Sebastian B. Littauer - 1954 - Philosophy of Science 21 (2):93-100.
    In moments of daring, some physical scientists consider problems of social inquiry, hoping naively that the methods of physical inquiry will provide them with special insight. In my own work on problems of industrial production where I am searching for “practical” means for optimizing production in some socially satisfactory sense, I find that the physical scientist cannot escape the responsibility for social inquiry. So far as I can understand the nature of this work, it requires for its fruitful (...)
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  9.  8
    Ethical, legal, and social aspects of symptom checker applications: a scoping review.Regina Müller, Malte Klemmt, Hans-Jörg Ehni, Tanja Henking, Angelina Kuhnmünch, Christine Preiser, Roland Koch & Robert Ranisch - 2022 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 25 (4):737-755.
    Symptom Checker Applications (SCA) are mobile applications often designed for the end-user to assist with symptom assessment and self-triage. SCA are meant to provide the user with easily accessible information about their own health conditions. However, SCA raise questions regarding ethical, legal, and social aspects (ELSA), for example, regarding fair access to this new technology. The aim of this scoping review is to identify the ELSA of SCA in the scientific literature. A scoping review was conducted to identify (...)
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  10.  32
    Inflating the social aspects of cognitive structural realism.Majid D. Beni - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (3):1-18.
    Inspired by Ronald Giere’s cognitive approach to scientific models, Cognitive Structural Realism has presented a naturalist account of scientific representation. CSR characterises the structure of theories in terms of cognitive structures. These are informational structures embodied in the brains of scientists. CSR accounts for scientific representation in terms of the dynamical relationship between the organism and its environment. The proposal has been criticised on account of its negligence of social aspects of scientific practice. The present paper aims to (...)
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  11.  2
    On the Perspectives of Research into the Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology.I. T. Frolov - 1988 - Dialectics and Humanism 15 (3-4):7-18.
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  12.  5
    Metaphilosophy and the History of the Philosophy of Science-Philosophy and the Social Aspects of Scientific Inquiry: Moving On from the Science Wars-Reviving the Sociology of Science.Noretta Koertge & Philip Kitcher - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):S33-S44.
    I compare recent work in the sociology of scientific knowledge with other types of sociological research. On this basis I urge a revival of the sociology of science, offer a tentative agenda, and attempt to show how the questions I raise might be addressed.
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  13.  19
    Ethical and Social Aspects of Neurorobotics.Christine Aicardi, Simisola Akintoye, B. Tyr Fothergill, Manuel Guerrero, Gudrun Klinker, William Knight, Lars Klüver, Yannick Morel, Fabrice O. Morin, Bernd Carsten Stahl & Inga Ulnicane - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (5):2533-2546.
    The interdisciplinary field of neurorobotics looks to neuroscience to overcome the limitations of modern robotics technology, to robotics to advance our understanding of the neural system’s inner workings, and to information technology to develop tools that support those complementary endeavours. The development of these technologies is still at an early stage, which makes them an ideal candidate for proactive and anticipatory ethical reflection. This article explains the current state of neurorobotics development within the Human Brain Project, originating from a close (...)
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  14.  6
    Technology:Philosophical and Social Aspects.Joseph Agassi & Yôsef Agasî - 1985 - Springer.
  15.  7
    Philosophie, sciences sociales, et herméneutique. L’anthropologie interprétative de Johann Michel dans Homo interpretans.Samuel Lelièvre - 2022 - Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 13 (2):103-146.
    Johann Michel’s Homo Interpretans aims at giving an account of the common ground to the question of interpretation, in a general sense covering ordinary as well as scholarly practices and conceptions, and to the question of philosophical anthropology. Important aspects of Ricoeur’s philosophy are also discussed throughout the book. The author’s thesis is that interpretation takes place whenever an understanding of the world is missing, be it on an ordinary way or in a more elaborate relationship to knowledge. This (...)
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  16.  17
    An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology. John Ziman.Brian Wynne - 1988 - Isis 79 (1):129-129.
  17.  2
    A Selected Bibliography of Twentieth-Century Poems’ Relevant to Science and Social Aspects of Science.John A. Fuerst - 1978 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 3 (3):23-33.
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  18. Technology, Philosophical and Social Aspects.[author unknown] - 1987 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 18 (1):322-331.
     
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  19.  22
    Linking Cognitive and Social Aspects of Sound Change Using Agent‐Based Modeling.Jonathan Harrington, Felicitas Kleber, Ulrich Reubold, Florian Schiel & Mary Stevens - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (4):707-728.
    Using agent‐based modelling, Harrington, Kleber, Reubold, Schiel & Stevens (2018) develop a unified model of sound change based on cognitive processing of human speech and theories of how social factors constrain the spread of change throughout a community. They conclude that many types of change result from how biases in the phonetic distribution of phonological categories are transmitted via accommodation processes between individuals in interaction.
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  20.  10
    The social origins of modern science.Edgar Zilsel - 2000 - Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Edited by Diederick Raven, Wolfgang Krohn & R. S. Cohen.
    The most outstanding feature of this book is that here, for the first time, is made available in a single volume all the important historical essays Edgar Zilsel (1891-1944) published during WWII on the emergence of modern science. This edition also contains one previously unpublished essay and an extended version of an essay published earlier. In these essays, Zilsel developed the now famous thesis, named after him, that science came into being when, in the late Middle Ages, the (...)
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  21.  1
    Le naturalisme dans les sciences sociales.Gérald Bronner & Romy Sauvayre (eds.) - 2011 - Paris: Hermann.
    Naturalisme est un terme polysémique. D'une part, il a souvent désigné la résolution que certains chercheurs en sciences sociales ont prise de se conformer aux principes et méthodes des sciences de la nature. D'autre part, le terme de naturalisme convoque les résultats les plus récents des sciences cognitives et des neurosciences lorsqu'il qualifie la thèse selon laquelle les contenus mentaux sont la conséquence d'une activité biologique et donc naturelle. Cette activité biologique est, bien entendu, celle du cerveau et, plus spécifiquement (...)
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  22.  5
    Scientific-technological revolution: social aspects.Ralf Dahrendorf (ed.) - 1977 - Beverly Hills, Calif. [etc.]: Sage Publications [for] the International Sociological Association.
  23.  50
    Psychological and social aspects of pyrrhonian scepticism.Arne Naess - 1966 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 9 (1-4):301 – 321.
    A brief account is given of Pyrrhonian scepticism, as portrayed by Sextus Empiricus. This scepticism differs significantly from the views commonly attributed to 'the sceptic' which take scepticism to be a view or philosophical position to the effect that there can be no knowledge. The Pyrrhonist makes no philosophical assertions, because he does not find the arguments in favor of any position to be decisively stronger than the arguments against. Objections to scepticism, for instance that the sceptic cannot consistently show (...)
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  24. Reductionism in Medicine: Social aspects of health.Elisabeth A. Lloyd - 2002 - In Marc Van Regenmortel & David Hull (eds.), Promises and Limits of Reductionism in the Biomedical Sciences. J. Wiley and Sons. pp. 67-82.
  25.  24
    Cultural and social aspects of HIV/AIDS sex education in secondary schools in Nigeria.Daniel C. Oshi, Sarah Nakalema & Luke L. Oshi - 2005 - Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (2):175-183.
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  26.  2
    Science observed; science as a social and intellectual activity.Frederick Raphael Jevons - 1973 - London,: Allen & Unwin.
  27.  54
    Science and the social order.Bernard Barber - 1978 - Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
    The author, seeing science as a social activity, directs our attention to the problems of the social control of science. He discusses the sense in which science as a social activity is planned and unplanned.
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  28.  34
    Moral “Lock-In” in Responsible Innovation: The Ethical and Social Aspects of Killing Day-Old Chicks and Its Alternatives.Payam Moula & Per Sandin - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (5):939-960.
    The aim of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework that will help in understanding and evaluating, along social and ethical lines, the issue of killing day-old male chicks and two alternative directions of responsible innovations to solve this issue. The following research questions are addressed: Why is the killing of day-old chicks morally problematic? Are the proposed alternatives morally sound? To what extent do the alternatives lead to responsible innovation? The conceptual framework demonstrates clearly that there is (...)
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  29.  20
    Science After the Practice Turn in the Philosophy, History, and Social Studies of Science.Lena Soler, Sjoerd Zwart, Michael Lynch & Vincent Israel-Jost (eds.) - 2014 - New York: Routledge.
    In the 1980s, philosophical, historical and social studies of science underwent a change which later evolved into a turn to practice. Analysts of science were asked to pay attention to scientific practices in meticulous detail and along multiple dimensions, including the material, social and psychological. Following this turn, the interest in scientific practices continued to increase and had an indelible influence in the various fields of science studies. No doubt, the practice turn changed our conceptions (...)
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  30.  8
    Studies in the Social Aspects of the Depression. [REVIEW]Paul F. Lazarsfeld - 1938 - Zeitschrift für Sozialforschung 7 (1-2):285-286.
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  31. Science in society: an introduction to social studies of science.Massimiano Bucchi - 2004 - New York: Routledge.
    The world around us has been shaped by science and man's relationship to it, and in recent years sociologists have been increasingly preoccupied with the latter. In Science in Society , Massimiano Bucchi provides a brief and approachable introduction to this sociological issue. Without assuming any scientific background, Bucchi provides clear summaries of all the major theoretical positions within the sociology of science, using many fascinating examples to illustrate them. Theories covered include Thomas Kuhn's theory of scientific (...)
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  32.  22
    Social and Economic Aspects of Peirce's Conception of Science.W. Christopher Stewart - 1991 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 27 (4):501 - 526.
  33.  17
    Ethical aspects of social science.Lester F. Ward - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (4):441-456.
  34.  8
    Ethical Aspects of Social Science.Lester F. Ward - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (4):441.
  35.  13
    Ethical Aspects of Social Science.Lester F. Ward - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (4):441-456.
  36.  15
    Some aspects of Florian Znaniecki's philosophy of the social sciences.Piotr Sztompka - 1986 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 16 (4):441-457.
  37.  1
    Some Aspects of Florian Znaniecki's Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Piotr Sztompka - 1986 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 16 (4):441-457.
  38. Humanistic aspect of the integration of natural and social-sciences.Z. Javurek - 1987 - Filosoficky Casopis 35 (5):650-670.
  39. L’épistémologie des croyances religieuses au prisme des sciences sociales.Yann Schmitt - 2015 - Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions 169:157-177.
    L’épistémologie des croyances religieuses qui pose la question de la rationalité des croyances peut être mise en question en introduisant des éléments de sciences sociales des religions et vice-versa. Un modèle épistémologique souligne que les croyances peuvent être garanties sans examen réflexif de la part du croyant. Mais dans un contexte pluraliste où la croyance particulière est mise en débat, l’exigence critique d’examen est une condition nécessaire de rationalité. En cela, l’épistémologie retrouve certains aspects de la sociologie de la (...)
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  40.  10
    Science and technology studies: critical concepts in the social sciences.Michael Lynch (ed.) - 2011 - New York: Routledge.
    Science and Technology Studies has attained a strong international profile in recent decades. Science Studies incorporates work in the History and Philosophy of Science, but emphasizes the social, cultural, and political implications of developments in the natural sciences, mathematics, engineering, and medicine. The Sociology of Science remains a vital part of Science Studies, but many other key contributors in the field identify more strongly with core disciplines such as Anthropology, Political Science, and Communication (...)
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  41.  1
    Cultural evolution is not independent of linguistic evolution and social aspects of language use.Mathias Scharinger & Luise M. Erfurth - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e268.
    The bifocal stance theory (BST) focuses on cultural evolution without alluding to associated processes in linguistic evolution and language use. The authors briefly comment on language acquisition but leave underexplored the applicability of BST to linguistic evolution, to changes of language representations, and to possible consequences for constructing social identity, based on, for example, collective resilience processes within language communities.
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  42.  4
    Science, technology, and social change.Steven Yearley - 1988 - Boston: Unwin Hyman.
  43. The social organisation of science as a question for philosophy of science.Jaana Eigi - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Tartu
    Philosophy of science is showing an increasing interest in the social aspects and the social organisation of science—the ways social values and social interactions and structures play a role in the creation of knowledge and the ways this role should be taken into account in the organisation of science and science policy. My thesis explores a number of issues related to this theme. I argue that a prominent approach to the (...) organisation of science—Philip Kitcher’s well-ordered science—runs into a number of problems. They undermine its philosophical plausibility and practical usefulness. I agree with Kitcher that arguments about the social organisation of science should recognise profound societal consequences of science. Kitcher argues that the appropriate organisation of science should therefore take into account laypersons’ values and needs when making decisions concerning research planning, evaluation and application. My criticisms show that this is not enough. Drawing on Helen Longino ideas, I argue that laypersons’ perspectives and knowledge may also be relevant when doing research. In order to show how more inclusive research practices may be possible, I discuss connections between philosophy of science and some developments in science policy, which has also recently shown considerable interest in democratic participation. I demonstrate how public participation experiments in science policy may sometimes be close enough to what the philosopher would recommend. Their analysis can thus be helpful for understanding how societal developments may provide opportunities for the involvement of laypersons in science and what factors may endanger its success. I conclude that a way to pursue a more socially relevant philosophy of science is to focus on the points of contact and possibilities of cooperation between philosophical proposals and these public participation initiatives. (shrink)
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  44. Reflections on the International Networking Conference “Ethical and Social Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights – Agrifood and Health”, Brussels, September 2011.Michiel Korthals & Cristian Timmermann - 2011 - Synesis 3 (1):G66-73.
    Public goods, as well as commercial commodities, are affected by exclusive arrangements secured by intellectual property (IP) rights. These rights serve as an incentive to invest human and material capital in research and development. Particularly in the life sciences, IP rights regulate objects such as food and medicines that are key to securing human rights, especially the right to adequate food and the right to health. Consequently, IP serves private (economic) and public interests. Part of this charge claims that the (...)
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  45.  15
    Puzzles, problems, and enigmas: occasional pieces on the human aspects of science.John M. Ziman - 1981 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
  46. The intellectual and social organization of the sciences.Richard Whitley - 1984 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Increasing attention is paid in the social sciences and management studies to the constitution and claims of different theories, perspectives, and "paradigms." This book is one of the most respected and robust analyses of these issues. For this new paperback edition Richard Whitley--a leading figure in European business education--has written a new introduction which addresses the particular epistemological issues of business management studies.
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  47.  9
    A cognitive transition underlying both technological and social aspects of cumulative culture.Liane Gabora & Cameron M. Smith - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43:e163.
    The argument that cumulative technological culture originates in technical-reasoning skills is not the only alternative to social accounts; another possibility is that accumulation ofbothtechnical-reasoning skillsandenhanced social skills stemmed from the onset of a more basic cognitive ability such as recursive representational redescription. The paper confuses individual learning of pre-existing information with creative generation of new information.
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  48. Public knowledge: an essay concerning the social dimension of science.J. M. Ziman - 1968 - London,: Cambridge University Press.
    In this 1974 book a practising scientist and gifted expositor sets forth an exciting point of view on the nature of science and how it works.
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  49.  5
    The Social direction of the public sciences: causes and consequences of co-operation between scientists and non-scientific groups.Stuart S. Blume (ed.) - 1987 - Norwell, MA, U.S.A.: Sold and distributed in the U.S.A. and Canada by Kluwer Academic.
    This volume of the Sociology of the Sciences Yearbooks stems from our experience that collaborations between non-scientists and scientists, often initiated by scientists seeking greater social relevance for science, can be of major importance for cognitive development. It seemed to us that it would be useful to explore the conditions under which such collaborations affect scientific change and the nature of the processes involved. This book therefore focuses on a number of instances in which scientists and non-scientists were (...)
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  50.  57
    Making sense of science: understanding the social study of science.Steven Yearley - 2005 - London: SAGE Publications.
    `Fluid, readable and accessible ... I found the overall quality of the book to be excellent. It provides an overview of major (and preceding) developments in the field of science studies. It examines landmark works, authors, concepts and approaches ... I will certainly use this book as one of the course texts' Eileen Crist, Associate Professor, Science & Technology in Society, Virginia Tech Science is at the heart of contemporary society and is therefore central to the (...) sciences. Yet science studies has often encountered resistance from social scientists. This book attempts to remedy this by giving the most extensive, thorough and best argued account of the field and explaining to social scientists why science matters to them. This is a landmark book that demystifies science studies and successfully bridges the divide between social theory and the sociology of science. Illustrated with relevant, illuminating examples, it provides the ideal guide to science studies and social theory. (shrink)
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