Results for 'Science Social aspects'

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  1.  49
    Scientific Practice and Ordinary Action: Ethnomethodology and Social Studies of Science.Michael Lynch - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophers, historians, and sociologists of science have grown interested in the daily practices of scientists. Recent studies have drawn linkages between scientific innovations and more ordinary procedures, craft skills, and sources of sponsorship. These studies dispute the idea that science is the application of a unified method or the outgrowth of a progressive history of ideas. This book critically reviews arguments and empirical studies in two areas of sociology that have played a significant role in the 'sociological turn' (...)
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  2.  10
    Science, Social Theory and Public Knowledge.Alan Irwin - 2003 - Open University Press.
    How might social theory, public understanding of science and science policy best inform one another? What have been the key features of science-society relations in the modern world? How are we to re-think science-society relations in the context of globalization, hybridity and changing patterns of governance? This topical and unique book draws together the three key perspectives on science-society relations: public understanding of science, scientific and public governance, and social theory. The book (...)
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  3.  4
    Social Aspects of Science.On Sociological Biographies - 2008 - Annals of Science 65 (3):453-455.
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  4. Metaphilosophy and the History of the Philosophy of Science-Philosophy and the Social Aspects of Scientific Inquiry: Moving On From the Science Wars-Reviving the Sociology of Science.Noretta Koertge & Philip Kitcher - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3).
     
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  5. Reviews: Social Aspects of Science; Religion-Studies in the Culture of Science in France and Britain Since the Enlightenment. [REVIEW]Maurice P. Crosland & P. Bret - 1998 - Annals of Science 55 (4):430-432.
     
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  6. States of Knowledge: The Co-Production of Science and Social Order.Sheila Jasanoff (ed.) - 2004 - Routledge.
    In the past twenty years, the field of science and technology studies (S&TS) has made considerable progress toward illuminating the relationship between scientific knowledge and political power. These insights have not yet been synthesized or presented in a form that systematically highlights the connections between S&TS and other social sciences. This timely collection of essays by some of the leading scholars in the field attempts to fill that gap. The book develops the theme of "co-production", showing how scientific (...)
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  7.  10
    The Why and How of Enabling the Integration of Social and Ethical Aspects in Research and Development.Steven M. Flipse, Maarten C. A. Sanden & Patricia Osseweijer - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):703-725.
    New and Emerging Science and Technology (NEST) based innovations, e.g. in the field of Life Sciences or Nanotechnology, frequently raise societal and political concerns. To address these concerns NEST researchers are expected to deploy socially responsible R&D practices. This requires researchers to integrate social and ethical aspects (SEAs) in their daily work. Many methods can facilitate such integration. Still, why and how researchers should and could use SEAs remains largely unclear. In this paper we aim to relate (...)
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  8.  6
    Why "the Social Aspects of Science and Technology" is Not Just an Optional Extra.Donald MacKenzie - 1986 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 15 (4):2-6.
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  9. On the Perspectives of Research Into the Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology.I. T. Frolov - 1988 - Dialectics and Humanism 15 (3-4).
     
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  10. An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and TechnologyJohn Ziman.Brian Wynne - 1988 - Isis 79 (1):129-129.
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  11.  4
    The Why and How of Enabling the Integration of Social and Ethical Aspects in Research and Development.Steven M. Flipse, Maarten Ca van der Sanden & Patricia Osseweijer - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):703-725.
    New and Emerging Science and Technology (NEST) based innovations, e.g. in the field of Life Sciences or Nanotechnology, frequently raise societal and political concerns. To address these concerns NEST researchers are expected to deploy socially responsible R&D practices. This requires researchers to integrate social and ethical aspects (SEAs) in their daily work. Many methods can facilitate such integration. Still, why and how researchers should and could use SEAs remains largely unclear. In this paper we aim to relate (...)
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  12. Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science.Mary Jo Nye - 2011 - University of Chicago Press.
    Scientific culture in Europe and the refugee generation -- Germany and Weimar Berlin as the City of Science -- Origins of a social perspective: doing physical chemistry in Weimar Berlin -- Chemical dynamics and social dynamics in Berlin and Manchester -- Liberalism and the economic foundations of the "Republic of Science" -- Scientific freedom and the social functions of science -- Political foundations of the philosophies of science of Popper, Kuhn, and Polanyi -- (...)
     
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  13.  17
    Making Sense of Science: Understanding the Social Study of Science.Steven Yearley - 2005 - Sage Publications.
    `Fluid, readable and accessible ... I found the overall quality of the book to be excellent. It provides an overview of major (and preceding) developments in the field of science studies. It examines landmark works, authors, concepts and approaches ... I will certainly use this book as one of the course texts' Eileen Crist, Associate Professor, Science & Technology in Society, Virginia Tech Science is at the heart of contemporary society and is therefore central to the (...) sciences. Yet science studies has often encountered resistance from social scientists. This book attempts to remedy this by giving the most extensive, thorough and best argued account of the field and explaining to social scientists why science matters to them. This is a landmark book that demystifies science studies and successfully bridges the divide between social theory and the sociology of science. Illustrated with relevant, illuminating examples, it provides the ideal guide to science studies and social theory. (shrink)
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  14. The Social Origins of Modern Science.Edgar Zilsel - 2000 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The most outstanding feature of this book is that here, for the first time, is made available in a single volume all the important historical essays Edgar Zilsel (1891-1944) published during WWII on the emergence of modern science. This edition also contains one previously unpublished essay and an extended version of an essay published earlier. In these essays, Zilsel developed the now famous thesis, named after him, that science came into being when, in the late Middle Ages, the (...)
     
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  15.  15
    Social and Economic Aspects of Peirce's Conception of Science.W. Christopher Stewart - 1991 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 27 (4):501 - 526.
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  16.  7
    Ethical Aspects of Social Science.Lester F. Ward - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (4):441-456.
  17.  6
    Social Science and the Ignoble Savage, And: The Concept of Benevolence: Aspects of Eighteenth-Century Moral Philosophy.Malcolm Jack - 1978 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 16 (1):110-112.
  18. Ethical Aspects of Social Science.Lester F. Ward - 1895 - Ethics 6 (4):441.
  19. Ethical Aspects of Social Science.Lester F. Ward - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (4):441-456.
  20.  62
    Science in Society: An Introduction to Social Studies of Science.Massimiano Bucchi - 2004 - Routledge.
    The world around us has been shaped by science and man's relationship to it, and in recent years sociologists have been increasingly preoccupied with the latter. In Science in Society , Massimiano Bucchi provides a brief and approachable introduction to this sociological issue. Without assuming any scientific background, Bucchi provides clear summaries of all the major theoretical positions within the sociology of science, using many fascinating examples to illustrate them. Theories covered include Thomas Kuhn's theory of scientific (...)
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  21. Truth and Social Science: From Hegel to Deconstruction.Ross Abbinnett - 1998 - Sage Publications.
    The noble aim of sociologists to "tell the truth" has sometimes involved ignoble assumptions about human beings. In this major discussion of truth in the social science, Ross Abbinnett traces the debate on truth from the "objectifying powers" of Kant through more than 200 years of critique and reformulation to the unraveling of truth by Lyotard, Foucault, and Derrida. Truth and Social Science gives students an exciting and accessible guide to the main sociological treatments of truth (...)
     
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  22.  49
    Public Knowledge: An Essay Concerning the Social Dimension of Science.J. M. Ziman - 1968 - London: Cambridge University Press.
    In this 1974 book a practising scientist and gifted expositor sets forth an exciting point of view on the nature of science and how it works.
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  23.  8
    Puzzles, Problems, and Enigmas: Occasional Pieces on the Human Aspects of Science.J. M. Ziman - 1981 - Cambridge University Press.
  24.  5
    A Natural Scientist and a Social Scientist Explore the Dilemma of Science.Arnoldo K. Ventura - 2003 - Ian Randle Publishers.
    SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AND THE REDUCTION OF POVERTY If you treat an individual as he is, he will stay that way, but if you treat him as if he were what he ...
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  25. Science and the Social Order.Bernard Barber - 1978 - Greenwood Press.
  26.  91
    Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society.Bruno Latour - 1987 - Harvard University Press.
    In this book Bruno Latour brings together these different approaches to provide a lively and challenging analysis of science, demonstrating how social context..
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  27. Science, Technology, and Social Change.Steven Yearley - 1988 - Unwin Hyman.
  28. On the Margins of Science: The Social Construction of Rejected Knowledge.Roy Wallis (ed.) - 1979 - University of Keele.
  29. The Social Process of Innovation: A Study in the Sociology of Science.M. J. Mulkay - 1972 - London: Macmillan.
  30. Towards a Social Reconstruction of Science Theory: Peirce's Theory of Inquiry, and Beyond.Margareta Bertilsson - 1978 - Bokcaféet (Distr.)].
     
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  31. Science and Social Action.Stephen Bodington - 1978 - Allison & Busby.
     
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  32. The Social Future of Science.E. H. S. Burhop - 1975 - Birkbeck College.
     
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  33. Science Observed; Science as a Social and Intellectual Activity.F. R. Jevons - 1973 - London: Allen & Unwin.
  34. The Dynamics of Science and Technology: Social Values, Technical Norms, and Scientific Criteria in the Development of Knowledge.Wolfgang Krohn, Edwin T. Layton & Peter Weingart (eds.) - 1978 - D. Reidel Pub. Co..
  35. Science and Technology Studies: Critical Concepts in the Social Sciences.Michael Lynch (ed.) - 2012 - Routledge.
  36. Philosophy of Science: Perspectives From Natural and Social Sciences.Jayant Vishnu Narlikar, Indu Banga & Chhanda Gupta (eds.) - 1992 - Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers.
     
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  37. Social Practice and the Development of Science.Veikko Pietilä - 1981 - Research Institute for Social Sciences, University of Tampere.
     
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  38. J.D. Bernal's the Social Function of Science, 1939-1989.Helmut Steiner & J. D. Bernal (eds.) - 1989 - Akademie Verlag.
     
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  39.  39
    The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies.Michael Gibbons (ed.) - 1994 - Sage Publications.
    As we approach the end of the twentieth century, the ways in which knowledge--scientific, social, and cultural--is produced are undergoing fundamental changes. In The New Production of Knowledge, a distinguished group of authors analyze these changes as marking the transition from established institutions, disciplines, practices, and policies to a new mode of knowledge production. Identifying such elements as reflexivity, transdisciplinarity, and heterogeneity within this new mode, the authors consider their impact and interplay with the role of knowledge in (...) relations. While the knowledge produced by research and development in science and technology is accorded central focus, the authors also outline the changing dimensions of social scientific and humanities knowledge and the relations between the production of knowledge and its dissemination through education. Placing science policy and scientific knowledge within the broader context of contemporary society, this book will be essential reading for all those concerned with the changing nature of knowledge, with the social study of science, with educational systems, and with the correlation between research and development and social, economic, and technological development. "Thought-provoking in its identification of issues that are global in scope; for policy makers in higher education, government, or the commercial sector." --Choice "By their insightful identification of the recent social transformation of knowledge production, the authors have been able to assert new imperatives for policy institutions. The lessons of the book are deep." --Alexis Jacquemin, Universite Catholique de Louvain and Advisor, Foreign Studies Unit, European Commission "Should we celebrate the emergence of a 'post-academic' mode of postmodern knowledge production of the post-industrial society of the 21st Century? Or should we turn away from it with increasing fear and loathing as we also uncover its contradictions. A generation of enthusiasts and/or critics will be indebted to the team of authors for exposing so forcefully the intimate connections between all the cognitive, educational, organizational, and commercial changes that are together revolutionizing the sciences, the technologies, and the humanities. This book will surely spark off a vigorous and fruitful debate about the meaning and purpose of knowledge in our culture." --Professor John Ziman, (Wendy, Janey at Ltd. is going to provide affiliation. Contact if you don't hear from her.) "Jointly authored by a team of distinguished scholars spanning a number of disciplines, The New Production of Knowledge maps the changes in the mode of knowledge production and the global impact of such transformations. . . . The authors succeed . . . at sketching out, in very large strokes, the emerging trends in knowledge production and their implications for future society. The macro focus of the book is a welcome change from the micro obsession of most sociologists of science, who have pretty much deconstructed institutions and even scientific knowledge out of existence." --Contemporary Sociology "This book is a timely contribution to current discussion on the breakdown of and need to renegotiate the social contract between science and society that Vannevar Bush and likeminded architects of science policy constructed immediately after World War II. It goes far beyond the usual scattering of fragmentary insights into changing institutional landscapes, cognitive structures, or quality control mechanisms of present day science, and their linkages with society at large. Tapping a wide variety of sources, the authors provide a coherent picture of important new characteristics that, taken altogether, fundamentally challenge our traditional notions of what academic research is all about. This well-founded analysis of the social redistribution of knowledge and its associated power patterns helps articulate what otherwise tends to remain an--albeit widespread--intuition. Unless they adapt to the new situation, universities in the future will find the centers of gravity of knowledge production moving even further beyond their ken. Knowledge of the social and cognitive dynamics of science in research is much needed as a basis of science and technology policymaking. The New Production of Knowledge does a lot to fill this gap. Another unique feature is its discussion of the humanities, which are usually left out in works coming out of the social studies of science." --Aant Elzinga, University od Goteborg. (shrink)
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  40.  60
    Science, Truth, and Democracy.Philip Kitcher - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Striving to boldly redirect the philosophy of science, this book by renowned philosopher Philip Kitcher examines the heated debate surrounding the role of science in shaping our lives. Kitcher explores the sharp divide between those who believe that the pursuit of scientific knowledge is always valuable and necessary--the purists--and those who believe that it invariably serves the interests of people in positions of power. In a daring turn, he rejects both perspectives, working out a more realistic image of (...)
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  41.  8
    Nanoethics and Policy Education: A Case Study of Social Science Coursework and Student Engagement with Emerging Technologies.Jessica Smith Rolston, Skylar Huzyk Zilliox, Corinne Packard, Carl Mitcham & Brian Zaharatos - 2014 - NanoEthics 8 (3):217-225.
    The article analyzes the integration of a module on nanotechnology, ethics, and policy into a required second-year social science course at a technological university. It investigates not simply the effectiveness of student learning about the technical aspects of nanotechnology but about how issues explored in an interdisciplinary social science course might influence student opinions about the potential of nanotechnology to benefit the developing world. The authors find a correlation between student opinions about the risks and (...)
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  42.  25
    Science, Technology, and Society: An Introduction.Martin Bridgstock (ed.) - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the human, social and economic aspects of science and technology. It examines a broad range of issues from a variety of perspectives, using examples and experiences from Australia and around the world. The authors present complex issues in an accessible and engaging form. Topics include the responsibilities of scientists, ethical dilemmas and controversies, the Industrial Revolution, economic issues, public policy, and science and technology in developing countries. The book ends (...)
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  43. The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations.Robert King Merton - 1973 - University of Chicago Press.
  44. Science of Science and Reflexivity.Pierre Bourdieu - 2004 - University of Chicago Press.
    Over the last four decades, the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu produced one of the most imaginative and subtle bodies of social theory of the postwar era. When he died two years ago, he was considered to be a thinker on a par with Foucault, Barthes, and Lacan--a public intellectual as influential to his generation as Sartre was to his. Science of Science and Reflexivity will be welcomed as a companion volume to Bourdieu's now seminal An Invitation to (...)
     
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  45.  69
    Science as Practice and Culture.Andrew Pickering (ed.) - 1992 - University of Chicago Press.
    Science as Practice and Culture explores one of the newest and most controversial developments within the rapidly changing field of science studies: the move toward studying scientific practice--the work of doing science--and the associated move toward studying scientific culture, understood as the field of resources that practice operates in and on. Andrew Pickering has invited leading historians, philosophers, sociologists, and anthropologists of science to prepare original essays for this volume. The essays range over the physical and (...)
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  46.  20
    Kuhn’s Social Epistemology and the Sociology of Science.Alisa Bokulich & William J. Devlin - 2015 - In William J. Devlin & Alisa Bokulich (eds.), Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions - 50 Years On. Springer. pp. 167-183.
    This chapter discusses Kuhn’s conception of the history of science by focussing on two respects in which Kuhn is an historicist historian and philosopher of science. I identify two distinct, but related, aspects of historicism in the work of Hegel and show how these are also found in Kuhn’s work. First, Kuhn held tradition to be important for understanding scientific change and that the tradition from which a scientific idea originates must be understood in evaluating that idea. (...)
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  47. Science in a Democratic Society.Philip Kitcher - 2011 - Prometheus Books.
    Claims that science should be more democratic than it is frequently arouse opposition. In this essay, I distinguish my own views about the democratization of science from the more ambitious theses defended by Paul Feyerabend. I argue that it is unlikely that the complexity of some scientific debates will allow for resolution according to the methodological principles of any formal confirmation theory, suggesting instead that major revolutions rest on conflicts of values. Yet these conflicts should not be dismissed (...)
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  48.  13
    Making Science: Between Nature and Society.Stephen Cole - 1992 - Harvard University Press.
    In Making Science, Cole shows how social variables and cognitive variables interact in the evaluation of frontier knowledge.
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  49. Science in the Modern World Polity: Institutionalization and Globalization.Gili S. Drori (ed.) - 2003 - Stanford University Press.
    This book presents empirical studies of the rise, expansion, and influence of scientific discourse and organization throughout the world, over the past century. Using quantitative cross-national data, it shows the impact of this scientized world polity on national societies. It examines how this world scientific system and national reflections of it have influenced a wide variety of institutional spheres—the economy, political systems, human rights, environmentalism, and organizational reforms. The authors argue that the triumph of science across social domains (...)
     
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  50.  45
    Changing Order: Replication and Induction in Scientific Practice.H. M. Collins - 1985 - University of Chicago Press.
    This fascinating study in the sociology of science explores the way scientists conduct, and draw conclusions from, their experiments. The book is organized around three case studies: replication of the TEA-laser, detecting gravitational rotation, and some experiments in the paranormal. "In his superb book, Collins shows why the quest for certainty is disappointed. He shows that standards of replication are, of course, social, and that there is consequently no outside standard, no Archimedean point beyond society from which we (...)
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