Results for 'Scientists in literature'

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  1. The Philosophical Reflection of Man in Literature Selected Papers From Several Conferences Held by the International Society for Phenomenology and Literature in Cambridge, Massachusetts.Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka & International Society for Phenomenology and Literature - 1982
     
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  2. Allegory Old and New in Literature, Fine Art, Music and Theatre and its Continuity in Culture.Marlies Kronegger, Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, World Institute for Advanced Phenomenological Research and Learning, International Society for Phenomenology and Literature & International Phenomenology Congress - 1994
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  3. Scientists Are Not Deficient in Mental Imagery: Galton Revised.William F. Brewer & Marlene Schommer-Aikins - 2006 - Review of General Psychology 10:130-146.
    In 1880, Galton carried out an investigation of imagery in a sample of distinguished men and a sample of nonscientists (adolescent male students). He concluded that scientists were either totally lacking in visual imagery or had “feeble” powers of mental imagery. This finding has been widely accepted in the secondary literature in psychology. A replication of Galton’s study with modern scientists and modern university undergraduates found no scientists totally lacking in visual imagery and very few with (...)
     
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  4.  10
    Scientists’ Attitudes on Science and Values: Case Studies and Survey Methods in Philosophy of Science.Daniel Steel, Chad Gonnerman & Michael O'Rourke - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 63:22-30.
    This article examines the relevance of survey data of scientists’ attitudes about science and values to case studies in philosophy of science. We describe two methodological challenges confronting such case studies: 1) small samples, and 2) potential for bias in selection, emphasis, and interpretation. Examples are given to illustrate that these challenges can arise for case studies in the science and values literature. We propose that these challenges can be mitigated through an approach in which case studies and (...)
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  5.  91
    Is a Bird in the Hand Worth Two in the Bush? Or, Whether Scientists Should Publish Intermediate Results.Thomas Boyer - 2014 - Synthese 191 (1):17-35.
    A part of the scientific literature consists of intermediate results within a longer project. Scientists often publish a first result in the course of their work, while aware that they should soon achieve a more advanced result from this preliminary result. Should they follow the proverb “a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush”, and publish any intermediate result they get? This is the normative question addressed in this paper. My aim is to clarify, to (...)
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  6.  21
    Publication Bias in Animal Welfare Scientific Literature.Agnes A. Schot & Clive Phillips - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (5):945-958.
    Animal welfare scientific literature has accumulated rapidly in recent years, but bias may exist which influences understanding of progress in the field. We conducted a survey of articles related to animal welfare or well being from an electronic database. From 8,541 articles on this topic, we randomly selected 115 articles for detailed review in four funding categories: government; charity and/or scientific association; industry; and educational organization. Ninety articles were evaluated after unsuitable articles were rejected. The welfare states of animals (...)
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  7.  10
    Publication Bias in Animal Welfare Scientific Literature.Agnes A. van der Schot & Clive Phillips - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (5):945-958.
    Animal welfare scientific literature has accumulated rapidly in recent years, but bias may exist which influences understanding of progress in the field. We conducted a survey of articles related to animal welfare or well being from an electronic database. From 8,541 articles on this topic, we randomly selected 115 articles for detailed review in four funding categories: government; charity and/or scientific association; industry; and educational organization. Ninety articles were evaluated after unsuitable articles were rejected. The welfare states of animals (...)
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  8.  89
    The Concept of Voluntary Motor Control in the Recent Neuroscientific Literature.Paul E. Tibbetts - 2004 - Synthese 141 (2):247-76.
    The concept of voluntary motor control frequently appears in the neuroscientific literature, specifically in the context of cortically-mediated, intentional motor actions. For cognitive scientists, this concept of VMC raises a number of interesting questions: Are there dedicated, modular-like structures within the motor system associated with VMC? Or is it the case that VMC is distributed over multiple cortical as well as subcortical structures? Is there any one place within the so-called hierarchy of motor control where voluntary movements could (...)
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  9.  17
    Scientists and Dutch Pig Farmers in Dialogue About Tail Biting: Unravelling the Mechanism of Multi-Stakeholder Learning. [REVIEW]Marianne Benard, Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker & Tjard de Cock Buning - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (3):431-452.
    Pig farmers and scientists appear to have different perspectives and underlying framing on animal welfare issues as tail biting and natural behaviour of pigs. Literature proposes a joint learning process in which a shared vision is developed. Using two different settings, a symposium and one-to-one dialogues, we aimed to investigate what elements affected joint learning between scientists and pig farmers. Although both groups agreed that more interaction was important, the process of joint learning appeared to be rather (...)
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  10. Of Literature and Knowledge: Explorations in Narrative Thought Experiments, Evolution and Game Theory.Peter Swirski - 2006 - Routledge.
    "_Of Literature and Knowledge_ looks... like an important advance in this new and very important subject... literature is about to become even more interesting." – Edward O. Wilson, Pellegrino University Professor, Harvard University. Framed by the theory of evolution, this colourful and engaging volume presents a new understanding of the mechanisms by which we transfer information from narrative make-believe to real life. Ranging across game theory and philosophy of science, as well as poetics and aesthetics, Peter Swirski explains (...)
     
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  11. The Gift of Death, Second Edition & Literature in Secret.David Wills (ed.) - 2008 - University of Chicago Press.
    _The Gift of Death_, Jacques Derrida’s most sustained consideration of religion, explores questions first introduced in his book _Given Time_ about the limits of the rational and responsible that one reaches in granting or accepting death, whether by sacrifice, murder, execution, or suicide. Derrida analyzes Czech philosopher Jan Patocka’s _Heretical Essays in the Philosophy of History _and develops and compares his ideas to the works of Heidegger, Lévinas, and Kierkegaard. One of Derrida’s major works, _The Gift of Death_ resonates with (...)
     
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  12. Immanence and Transcendence in Thomas Pynchon's Mason & Dixon: A Phenomenological Study.Joakim Sigvardson - 2002 - Almquist & Wiksell International.
     
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  13. Exploring Worldviews in Literature: From William Wordsworth to Edward Albee.Laura Inez Deavenport Barge - 2009 - Abilene Christian University Press.
    Numinous spaces in British literature from William Wordsworth to Samuel Beckett -- Jesus figures in American literature from Ralph Waldo Emerson to Edward Albee -- Using Bakhtin's definitions to discover ethical voices in Solzhenitsyn and Tolstoy -- René Girard's categories of scapegoats in literature of the American South -- Hopkins's metaphysics of nature as sacred disclosure -- The book of job as mirrored in Hopkins's metaphysics -- Beckett's mythos of the absence of God.
     
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  14.  6
    Unsustainable Growth, Hyper-Competition, and Worth in Life Science Research: Narrowing Evaluative Repertoires in Doctoral and Postdoctoral Scientists’ Work and Lives.Maximilian Fochler, Ulrike Felt & Ruth Müller - 2016 - Minerva 54 (2):175-200.
    There is a crisis of valuation practices in the current academic life sciences, triggered by unsustainable growth and “hyper-competition.” Quantitative metrics in evaluating researchers are seen as replacing deeper considerations of the quality and novelty of work, as well as substantive care for the societal implications of research. Junior researchers are frequently mentioned as those most strongly affected by these dynamics. However, their own perceptions of these issues are much less frequently considered. This paper aims at contributing to a better (...)
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  15. Figuring Animals: Essays on Animal Images in Art, Literature, Philosophy, and Popular Culture.Mary Sanders Pollock & Catherine Rainwater (eds.) - 2005 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Figuring Animals is a collection of fifteen essays concerning the representation of animals in literature, the visual arts, philosophy, and cultural practice. At the turn of the new century, it is helpful to reconsider our inherited understandings of the species, some of which are still useful to us. It is also important to look ahead to new understandings and new dialogue, which may contribute to the survival of us all. The contributors to this volume participate in this dialogue in (...)
     
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  16.  55
    Finding a Replacement for the Soul: Mind and Meaning in Literature and Philosophy.Brett Bourbon - 2004 - Harvard University Press.
    Approaching the study of literature as a unique form of the philosophy of language and mind--as a study of how we produce nonsense and imagine it as sense--this ...
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  17.  28
    Wagering on Transcendence: The Search for Meaning in Literature.Phyllis Carey (ed.) - 1997 - Sheed & Ward.
    Through essays, Mount Mary College professors from various disciplines analyze several pieces of literature from a variety of genres and authors to show how ...
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  18.  8
    Damned If You Do: Dilemmas of Action in Literature and Popular Culture.Margaret S. Hrezo & John M. Parrish (eds.) - 2010 - Lexington Books.
    These essays showcase the value of the narrative arts in investigating complex conflicts of value in moral and political life, and explore the philosophical problem of moral dilemmas as expressed in ancient drama, classic and contemporary ...
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  19.  9
    Reflecting Senses: Perception and Appearance in Literature, Culture, and the Arts.Walter Pape & Frederick Burwick (eds.) - 1995 - W. De Gruyter.
    Introduction In "search of instances where the American imagination demands the real thing, and, to attain it, must fabricate the absolute fake," Umberto ...
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  20.  32
    Dumb Beasts and Dead Philosophers: Humanity and the Humane in Ancient Philosophy and Literature.Catherine Osborne - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    The book is about three things. First, how Ancient thinkers perceived humans as like or unlike other animals; second about the justification for taking a humane attitude towards natural things; and third about how moral claims count as true, and how they can be discovered or acquired. Was Aristotle was right to see continuity in the psychological functions of animal and human souls? The question cannot be settled without taking a moral stance. As we can either focus on continuity or (...)
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  21.  12
    Complex Pleasure: Forms of Feeling in German Literature.Stanley Corngold - 1998 - Stanford University Press.
    Complex Pleasure deals with questions of literary feeling in eight major German writers—Lessing, Kant, Hölderlin, Nietzsche, Musil, Kafka, Trakl, and Benjamin. On the basis of close readings of these authors Stanley Corngold makes vivid the following ideas: that where there is literature there is complex pleasure; that this pleasure is complex because it involves the impression of a disclosure; that this thought is foremost in the minds of a number of canonical writers; that important literary works in the German (...)
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  22.  11
    Geography and the Production of Space in Nineteenth-Century American Literature.Hsuan L. Hsu - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Acknowledgments; Introduction: scales of identification; 1. Democratic expansionism, gothic geographies, and Charles Brockden Brown; 2. Urban apartments, global cities: the enlargement of private space in Poe and James; 3. Cultural orphans: domesticity, missionaries, and China from Stowe to Sui Sin Far; 4. 'The Checkered Globe': cosmopolitan despair in the American Pacific; 5. Literature and regional production; Epilogue: scales of resistance.
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  23. The Politics of (M)Othering: Womanhood, Identity and Resistance in African Literature.Obioma Nnaemeka (ed.) - 1997 - Routledge.
    This collection is a study of African literature framed by the central, and multi-faceted, idea of 'mother' - motherland, mothertongue, motherwit, motherhood, mothering - looking at the paradoxical location of (m)other as both central and marginal. Whilst the volume stands as a sustained feminist analysis, it engages feminist theory itself by showing how issues in feminism are, in African literature, recast in different and complex ways.
     
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  24.  1
    Slovak Studies in Russia: The Current State.Marina Valentsova - 2013 - Human Affairs 23 (2):311-318.
    The article introduces readers to the current state of Slovak studies in Russia. The fate of Slavic studies in Russia is complicated and it has had its ups and downs , but until now there has been a multidisciplinary tradition of studying all Slavic peoples, their languages, literature, history and culture. The article focuses on the study of Slovak language, literature, history and culture at Moscow State University, the Institute for Slavic Studies in Moscow, and Saint-Petersburg State University. (...)
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  25. The Ethics in Literature.Andrew Hadfield, Dominic Rainsford & Tim Woods - 1999
     
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  26.  19
    Perfect Friendship: Studies in Literature and Moral Philosophy From Boccaccio to Corneille.Ullrich Langer - 1994 - Librairie Droz.
    I am grateful to the National Endowment for the Humanities for a year-long fellowship that enabled me to write major portions of this book; ...
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  27. Agents and Lives Moral Thinking in Literature.S. L. Goldberg - 1993
     
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  28. Philosophy in Literature: Shakespeare, Voltaire, Tolstoy & Proust.Morris Weitz - 1963 - Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
     
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  29. Self-Reference in Literature and Other Media.Walter Bernhart & Werner Wolf (eds.) - 2010 - Rodopi.
     
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  30. Colors of the Mind: Conjectures on Thinking in Literature.Angus Fletcher - 1991 - Harvard University Press.
     
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  31. Personalism and the Politics of Culture: Readings in Literature and Religion From the New Testament to the Poetry of Northern Ireland.Patrick Grant - 1996 - St. Martin's Press.
     
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  32. Philosophy in Literature.Charles W. Johnson - 1992
     
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  33. Philosophy in Literature: Metaphysical Darkness and Ethical Light.Konstantin Kolenda - 1982 - Barnes & Noble.
     
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  34. Philosophy in Literature Metaphysical Darkness and Ethical Light /Konstantin Kolenda. --. --.Konstantin Kolenda - 1982 - Barnes & Noble, Books, 1982.
     
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  35. Irish Contemporary Landscapes in Literature and the Arts.Marie Mianowski (ed.) - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  36. The Erotic Bird Phenomenology in Literature.Maurice Alexander Natanson - 1998 - Princeton Univesity Press.
     
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  37. Philosophy in Literature.H. P. Rickman - 1996
     
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  38.  21
    Philosophy in Literature.Julian L. Ross - 1950 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):141-142.
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  39. Life Creative Mimesis of Emotion ; From Sorrow to Elation: Elegiac Virtuosity in Literature.Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka & World Institute for Advanced Phenomenological Research and Learning - 2000
     
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  40. Thresholds & Testimonies: Recovering Order in Literature and Criticism.Frederic Will - 1988 - Wayne State University Press.
     
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  41.  9
    Dreaming Scientists and Scientific Dreamers: Freud as a Reader of French Dream Literature.Jacqueline Carroy - 2006 - Science in Context 19 (1):15.
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  42.  12
    Cognitive Dimensions of Achieving (and Failing) in Literature.Wolfgang Huemer - 2012 - In J. Dreiber, E. Konrad, T. Petraschka & H. Rott (eds.), Understanding Fiction. mentis. pp. 26-44.
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  43.  16
    Isolated Cases: The Anxieties of Autonomy in Enlightenment Philosophy and Romantic Literature.Nancy Yousef - 2004 - Cornell University Press.
    While individuals presented in central texts of the period are indeed often alone or separated from others, Yousef regards this isolation as a problem the texts attempt to illuminate, rather than a condition they construct as normative or ...
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  44.  30
    Landscape and Ideology in American Renaissance Literature: Topographies of Skepticism.Robert E. Abrams - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Robert Abrams argues that new concepts of space and landscape emerged in mid-nineteenth-century American writing, marking a linguistic and interpretative limit to American expansion. Abrams supports the radical elements of antebellum writing, where writers from Hawthorne to Rebecca Harding Davis disputed the naturalizing discourses of mid-nineteenth century society. Whereas previous critics find in antebellum writing a desire to convert chaos into an affirmative, liberal agenda, Abrams contends that authors of the 1840s and 50s deconstructed more than they constructed.
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  45.  30
    Guilt and Shame: Essays in French Literature, Thought and Visual Culture.Jenny Chamarette & Jennifer Higgins (eds.) - 2010 - Peter Lang.
    This collection of essays, on French and francophone prose, poetry, drama, visual art, cinema and thought, assesses guilt and shame in relation to structures of ...
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  46. Western Philosophical Systems in Russian Literature: A Collection of Critical Studies.Anthony M. Mlikotin (ed.) - 1979 - University of Southern California Press.
     
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  47.  8
    Beyond Contractual Morality: Ethics, Law, and Literature in Eighteenth-Century France.Julia Simon - 2001 - University of Rochester Press.
    Beyond Contractual Morality looks at current debates over the meaning of liberalism by reexamining their roots in eighteenth-century texts, which demonstrate ...
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  48.  91
    Real (M)Othering: The Metaphysics of Maternity in Children's Literature.Shelley M. Park - 2005 - In Sally Haslanger & Charlotte Witt (eds.), Real (M)othering: The Metaphysics of Maternity in Children's Literature. In Sally Haslanger and Charlotte Witt, eds. Adoption Matters: Philosophical and Feminist Essays. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. 171-194. Cornell University Press. pp. 171-194.
    This paper examines the complexity and fluidity of maternal identity through an examination of narratives about "real motherhood" found in children's literature. Focusing on the multiplicity of mothers in adoption, I question standard views of maternity in which gestational, genetic and social mothering all coincide in a single person. The shortcomings of traditional notions of motherhood are overcome by developing a fluid and inclusive conception of maternal reality as authored by a child's own perceptions.
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  49.  22
    Renegotiating Ethics in Literature, Philosophy, and Theory.Jane Adamson, Richard Freadman & David Parker (eds.) - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    Is it possible for postmodernism to offer viable, coherent accounts of ethics? Or are our social and intellectual worlds too fragmented for any broad consensus about the moral life? These issues have emerged as some of the most contentious in literary and philosophical studies. In Renegotiating Ethics in Literature, Philosophy, and Theory a distinguished international gathering of philosophers and literary scholars address the reconceptualisations involved in this 'turn towards ethics'. An important feature of this has been a renewed interest (...)
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  50.  11
    Speaking the Despicable: Blasphemy in Literature.Andreea Tereza Nitisor - 2007 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 6 (16):69-79.
    This article examines the controversial issue of blasphemy in literature from the viewpoint of reception inside and outside the academia. The thesis of the article is that blasphemy in literature, though inherently related to religion and language, has a plurality of connotations and interpretations (dissidence, intertextuality, critique of colonialism, discursive strategy, alterity/Otherness, ethnicity, subversive text). Consequently, blasphemy in literature is an incentive for fruitful discussions regarding tolerance, freedom of expression, and the re-situation of the (post)modern self in (...)
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