Results for 'Scott Cameron Lowe'

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  1.  29
    Ion Flux and the Function of Endosomes and Lysosomes: pH is Just the Start.Cameron C. Scott & Jean Gruenberg - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (2):103-110.
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  2.  10
    Governing Household Waste Management: An Empirical Analysis and Critique.Scott Cameron Lougheed, Myra J. Hird & Kerry R. Rowe - 2016 - Environmental Values 25 (3):287-308.
    We conducted a survey of residents of Kingston, Ontario, Canada, to understand their attitudes to and experiences of waste management and governance. Currently, the municipality is emphasising waste diversion and exploring new waste processing systems to reduce costs. Using Foucault's governmentality theory, our data suggest Kingston's reliance on an attitude-behaviour-context model of behaviour change successfully fosters an environmental citizenship identity based on waste diversion. However, we argue that the neoliberal governmentality upon which the attitude-behaviour-context model is predicated elides the need (...)
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  3.  18
    Cameron, Nigel M. De S., Scott E. Daniels, and Barbara J. White, Eds. Bioengagement: Making a Christian Difference Through Bioethics Today. [REVIEW]Scott B. Rae - 2001 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (1):107-108.
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  4.  6
    Capacity and Consent.Lamont Scott, Stewart Cameron & Chiarella Mary - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301668716.
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  5.  11
    Documentation of Capacity Assessment and Subsequent Consent in Patients Identified With Delirium.Scott Lamont, Cameron Stewart & Mary Chiarella - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (4):547-555.
    BackgroundDelirium is highly prevalent in the general hospital patient population, characterized by acute onset, fluctuating levels of consciousness, and global impairment of cognitive functioning. Mental capacity, its assessment and subsequent consent are therefore prominent within this cohort, yet under-explored.AimThis study of patients with delirium sought to determine the processes by which consent to medical treatment was attempted, how capacity was assessed, and any subsequent actions thereafter.MethodA retrospective documentation review of patients identified as having a delirium for the twelve months February (...)
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  6.  7
    COVID-19 and Australian Prisons: Human Rights, Risks, and Responses.Cameron Stewart, George F. Tomossy, Scott Lamont & Scott Brunero - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):663-667.
    Australian prisons are overpopulated with people suffering from numerous health problems. COVID-19 presents a significant threat to prisoner health. This article examines the current regulatory responses from Australian state and territory governments to COVID-19 and a recent case which tested the human rights of prisoners during a pandemic.
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  7.  11
    Can We Learn to Hear Ethical Calls? In Honor of Scott Cameron in Advance.Christina M. Gschwandtner - forthcoming - Environmental Philosophy.
  8.  9
    Can We Learn to Hear Ethical Calls? In Honor of Scott Cameron.Christina M. Gschwandtner - 2018 - Environmental Philosophy 15 (1):21-42.
    This article tries to grapple with the difficulty of hearing the call of the other and recognizing it as a call that obligates us to ethical response, especially when such a “call” is not issued by a human other but by other species or environmental precarity more broadly. I briefly review how ethical responsibility is articulated by Emmanuel Lévinas and then consider some of the ways in which his philosophy has been applied to environmental questions. I suggest that while some (...)
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  9.  14
    Backward Masking and Interference with the Processing of Brief Visual Displays.Vincent Di Lollo, D. G. Lowe & J. P. Scott - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (5):934.
  10.  9
    Modelling Functional Priming and the Associative Boost.Scott McDonald & Will Lowe - 1998 - In M. A. Gernsbacher & S. J. Derry (eds.), Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawerence Erlbaum. pp. 667--680.
  11.  82
    Ebenezer Scrooge – Man of Principle.Scott C. Lowe - 2009 - Think 8 (23):27-34.
    ‘Bah! Humbug!’ It's the most famous line in Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol , but is it the most important? Surely not, for this Christmas classic is not centrally about Christmas, but about a man, the holiday being the convenient setting for his transformation. What kind of transformation? Why a moral transformation of course, because the man, Ebenezer Scrooge, through multiple encounters with the spirit world, becomes a good man by the end of the story. But where does this story (...)
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  12.  38
    Ethical Review Issues in Collaborative Research Between Us and Low – Middle Income Country Partners: A Case Example.Scott Mcintosh, Essie Sierra, Ann Dozier, Sergio Diaz, Zahira Quiñones, Aron Primack, Gary Chadwick & Deborah J. Ossip-Klein - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (8):414-422.
    The current ethical structure for collaborative international health research stems largely from developed countries' standards of proper ethical practices. The result is that ethical committees in developing countries are required to adhere to standards that might impose practices that conflict with local culture and unintended interpretations of ethics, treatments, and research. This paper presents a case example of a joint international research project that successfully established inclusive ethical review processes as well as other groundwork and components necessary for the conduct (...)
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  13.  13
    Fair Play and Social Obligation: Paying My Debt to Bert and Ernie.Scott C. Lowe - 2000 - Public Affairs Quarterly 14 (1):73-85.
  14.  11
    Colorimetric Determination of the Algin Content of Three South African Kelp Seaweeds.Cameron H. Hay, V. Hodgson, G. Scott & J. Miller - 1983 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 45 (1):73-89.
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  15.  3
    Mental Capacity Assessments for COVID-19 Patients: Emergency Admissions and the CARD Approach.Cameron Stewart, Paul Biegler, Scott Brunero, Scott Lamont & George F. Tomossy - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):803-808.
    The doctrine of consent is built upon presumptions of mental capacity. Those presumptions must be tested according to legal rules that may be difficult to apply to COVID-19 patients during emergency presentations. We examine the principles of mental capacity and make recommendations on how to assess the capacity of COVID-19 patients to consent to emergency medical treatment. We term this the CARD approach.
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  16.  24
    Adapting Low Back Pain Guidelines Within a Multidisciplinary Context: A Process Evaluation.Christa Harstall, Paul Taenzer, Nancy Zuck, Donna K. Angus, Carmen Moga & N. Ann Scott - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (5):773-781.
  17.  13
    Creating a Multidisciplinary Low Back Pain Guideline: Anatomy of a Guideline Adaptation Process.Christa Harstall, Paul Taenzer, Donna K. Angus, Carmen Moga, Tara Schuller & N. Ann Scott - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):693-704.
  18.  29
    Ethical Issues in Reporting and Referring in Research with Low-Income Minority Children.Diane Scott-Jones - 1994 - Ethics and Behavior 4 (2):97 – 108.
    Ethical research with children requires a special concern for their well-being as individuals. Researchers are therefore expected to report problems children experience and to refer children for assistance. This article addresses difficulties that can arise as researchers attempt to meet this obligation in research with low-income ethnic minority children. Potential difficulties include both failure to report and overreporting suspected problems. The role of institutional review boards in researchers' reporting and referring behavior is also discussed.
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  19.  32
    Essence and Being: Scott A. Shalkowski.Scott A. Shalkowski - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 62:49-63.
    In ‘Two Notions of Being: Entity and Essence’ E. J. Lowe defends “serious essentialism”. Serious essentialism is the position that everything has an essence, essences are not themselves things, and essences are the ground for metaphysical necessity and possibility. Lowe's defence of serious essentialism is both metaphysical and epistemological. In what follows I use Lowe's discussion as a point of departure for, first, adding some considerations for the plausibility of essentialism and, second, some work on modal epistemology.
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  20.  46
    Editorial Preface.Scott Cameron, Kenneth Maly & Ingrid Leman Stefanovic - 2005 - Environmental Philosophy 2 (2):4-5.
  21.  11
    Editorial Preface.Scott Cameron, Kenneth Maly & Ingrid Leman Stefanovic - 2006 - Environmental Philosophy 3 (1):4-5.
  22.  2
    Life in the Law: Service & Integrity.Scott W. Cameron, Galen L. Fletcher & Jane H. Wise (eds.) - 2009 - J. Reuben Clark Law Society, Brigham Young University Law School.
    This collection of 30 essays covers living a moral and ethical life as a lawyer and Christian, following the example of J. Reuben Clark, Jr. The mission and history of the BYU Law School is also adressed.
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  23. Sharon Anderson-Gold, Unnecessary Evil. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2000, 138 Pp.(Index). ISBN 0-7914-4820-7, $16.95 (Pb). Filippo Aureli and Frans BM De Waal, Eds., Natural Conflict Resolution. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 2000, 409 Pp.(Index). ISBN 0-520-22346-2, $24.95 (Pb). [REVIEW]Nigel M. De S. Cameron, Scott E. Daniels, Barbara J. White & Edward S. Casey - 2001 - Journal of Value Inquiry 35:587-590.
     
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  24.  56
    The Genesis and Justification of Feminist Standpoint Theory in Hegel and Lukács.W. Scott Cameron - 2005 - Dialogue and Universalism 15 (3-4):19-41.
    Feminist standpoint epistemology suggests that women are cognitively privileged, since gender-specific forms of oppression produce insights systematically denied to men. Yet if many forms of oppression exist, what happens when they overlap? Some reject such theories as irredeemably essentialist, triumphalist, and relativist, but I argue that their original versions in Hegel and Lukács as supplemented by Sabina Lovibond generate both the strongest arguments for standpoint theories and a way through their deepest difficulties.
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  25.  12
    Self-Management for Bipolar Disorder and the Construction of the Ethical Self.Lynere Wilson, Marie Crowe, Anne Scott & Cameron Lacey - 2018 - Nursing Inquiry 25 (3):e12232.
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  26.  52
    Christmas - Philosophy for Everyone: Better Than a Lump of Coal.Scott C. Lowe (ed.) - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    From Santa, elves and Ebenezer Scrooge, to the culture wars and virgin birth, _Christmas - Philosophy for Everyone_ explores a host of philosophical issues raised by the practices and beliefs surrounding Christmas. Offers thoughtful and humorous philosophical insights into the most widely celebrated holiday in the Western world Contributions come from a wide range of disciplines, including philosophy, theology, religious studies, English literature, cognitive science and moral psychology The essays cover a wide range of Christmas themes, from a defence of (...)
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  27. Defining Terrorism.Scott C. Lowe - 2006 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 2:253-256.
    The purpose of this paper is to argue against a certain view of what terrorism is. In particular, I wish to dispute the definition of terrorism used by philosophers Andrew Vails and Angelo Corlett who separately put forward arguments defending the possibility of morally legitimate acts of terrorism. In support of this conclusion, they each employ a broad definition of terrorism that makes room for highly discriminate, i.e., precisely targeted, acts of political violence to count as terrorism. Defending a broad (...)
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  28.  34
    Fundamentalism.Scott C. Lowe - 1990 - Teaching Philosophy 13 (2):183-185.
  29.  21
    Free Riders,'Fair Share,'and the Principle of Fair Play.Scott C. Lowe - 1996 - Public Affairs Quarterly 10 (1):49-62.
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  30.  34
    Institutions and Debts of Gratitude.Scott C. Lowe - 1992 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (2):57-62.
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  31.  29
    Offense to Others.Scott C. Lowe - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (3):619-620.
    Offense to Others, the second in Joel Feinberg's four volume series The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, provides the most extensive discussion to date of the problem of offensive conduct. Much that is here has been presented before in various places, which is not surprising as Feinberg has written as much, if not more on this subject than anyone else. But much that is here is new, and goes beyond just the discussion of whether the so called offense principle (...)
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  32.  25
    Reciprocity.Scott C. Lowe - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (1):127-128.
    One of the first things that one notices about Lawrence Becker's book Reciprocity is its unique layout. Becker weaves together several different writing styles to produce a book of great force and clarity. Most notably, Becker makes frequent use of "extended epigraphs." In these engaging stories, some of them several pages long, he manages not merely to illustrate a particular point, but also to bring out the richness and complexity of our human relationships. In this way Becker brings home the (...)
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  33.  29
    Teaching the Liberal-Communitarian Debate.Scott C. Lowe - 1995 - Teaching Philosophy 18 (1):31-37.
    The author recommends the incorporation of communitarian theories and critics of dominant political theory as a foundation for an advanced political philosophy course. The course is structured for students who are already familiar with the Western political philosophical tradition. Structuring the course around the liberal-communitarian debate allows students to be introduced to dominant liberal political theory and contemporary critiques of liberalism around issues of gender, race and class. Students are exposed to a wide range of views in readings that are (...)
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  34.  55
    A Misdirected Principle with a Catch: Explicability for AI.Scott Robbins - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (4):495-514.
    There is widespread agreement that there should be a principle requiring that artificial intelligence be ‘explicable’. Microsoft, Google, the World Economic Forum, the draft AI ethics guidelines for the EU commission, etc. all include a principle for AI that falls under the umbrella of ‘explicability’. Roughly, the principle states that “for AI to promote and not constrain human autonomy, our ‘decision about who should decide’ must be informed by knowledge of how AI would act instead of us” :689–707, 2018). There (...)
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  35.  33
    A New Global Deal on Climate Change.Cameron J. Hepburn & Nicholas Stern - 2008 - Oxford Review of Economic Policy.
    A global target of stabilizing greenhouse-gas concentrations at between 450 and 550 parts per million carbon-dioxide equivalent has proven robust to recent developments in the science and economics of climate change. Retrospective analysis of the Stern Review suggests that the risks were underestimated, indicating a stabilization target closer to 450 ppm CO2e. Climate policy at the international level is now moving rapidly towards agreeing an emissions pathway, and distributing responsibilities between countries. A feasible framework can be constructed in which each (...)
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  36. What Are the Odds That Everyone is Depraved?Scott Hill - 2020 - American Philosophical Quarterly 57 (3):299-308.
    Why does God allow evil? One hypothesis is that God desires the existence and activity of free creatures but He was unable to create a world with such creatures and such activity without also allowing evil. If Molinism is true, what probability should be assigned to this hypothesis? Some philosophers claim that a low probability should be assigned because there are an infinite number of possible people and because we have no reason to suppose that such creatures will choose one (...)
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  37. Humanism in the Low Countries.James K. Cameron - 1990 - In Anthony Goodman & Angus MacKay (eds.), The Impact of Humanism on Western Europe. Longman. pp. 137--63.
     
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  38.  9
    Overcoming the ‘Window Dressing’ Effect: Mitigating the Negative Effects of Inherent Skepticism Towards Corporate Social Responsibility.Scott Connors, Stephen Anderson-MacDonald & Matthew Thomson - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (3):599-621.
    As more and more instances of corporate hypocrisy become public, consumers have developed an inherent general skepticism towards firms’ corporate social responsibility claims. As CSR skepticism bears heavily on consumers’ attitudes and behavior, this paper draws from Construal Level Theory to identify how it can be pre-emptively abated. We posit that this general skepticism towards CSR leads people to adopt a low-level construal mindset when processing CSR information. Across four studies, we show that matching this low-level mindset with concrete CSR (...)
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  39.  20
    Representing, Running, and Revising Mental Models: A Computational Model.Scott Friedman, Kenneth Forbus & Bruce Sherin - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (4):1110-1145.
    People use commonsense science knowledge to flexibly explain, predict, and manipulate the world around them, yet we lack computational models of how this commonsense science knowledge is represented, acquired, utilized, and revised. This is an important challenge for cognitive science: Building higher order computational models in this area will help characterize one of the hallmarks of human reasoning, and it will allow us to build more robust reasoning systems. This paper presents a novel assembled coherence theory of human conceptual change, (...)
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  40.  25
    Trust in Early Phase Research: Therapeutic Optimism and Protective Pessimism.Scott Y. H. Kim, Robert G. Holloway, Samuel Frank, Renee Wilson & Karl Kieburtz - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (4):393-401.
    Bioethicists have long been concerned that seriously ill patients entering early phase (‘phase I’) treatment trials are motivated by therapeutic benefit even though the likelihood of benefit is low. In spite of these concerns, consent forms for phase I studies involving seriously ill patients generally employ indeterminate benefit statements rather than unambiguous statements of unlikely benefit. This seeming mismatch between attitudes and actions suggests a need to better understand research ethics committee members’ attitudes toward communication of potential benefits and risks (...)
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  41.  13
    Researching and Applying Metaphor in the Real World, by Graham Low, Zazie Todd, Alice Deignan, & Lynne Cameron (Eds.). [REVIEW]Andreas Musolff - 2014 - Metaphor and Symbol 29 (2):144-146.
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  42.  5
    Procedural Fairness for Radiotherapy Priority Setting in a Low Resource Context.Rebecca J. DeBoer, Cam Nguyen, Espérance Mutoniwase, Anita Ho, Grace Umutesi, Jean Bosco Bigirimana, Scott A. Triedman & Cyprien Shyirambere - forthcoming - Bioethics.
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  43. Procedural Fairness for Radiotherapy Priority Setting in a Low Resource Context.Rebecca J. DeBoer, Cam Nguyen, Espérance Mutoniwase, Anita Ho, Grace Umutesi, Jean Bosco Bigirimana, Scott A. Triedman & Cyprien Shyirambere - forthcoming - Wiley: Bioethics.
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  44.  6
    Implicit Attentional Orienting in a Target Detection Task with Central Cues.Scott A. Peterson & Tanja N. Gibson - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1532-1547.
    Studies using Posner’s spatial cueing paradigm have demonstrated that participants can allocate their attention to specific target locations based on the predictiveness of preceding cues. Four experiments were conducted to investigate attentional orienting processes operating in a high probability condition as compared to a low probability condition using various types of centrally-presented cues. Spatially-informative cues resulted in cueing effects for both probability conditions, with significantly larger CEs in the high probability conditions than the low probability conditions. Participants in the high (...)
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  45.  24
    Improving Consistency for DIT Results Using Cluster Analysis.Carmel Herington & Scott Weaven - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (3):499-514.
    In this article, cluster analysis is used to explore the conflicting results reported when the Defining Issues Test is used to explain moral reasoning ability in business situations. Using a convenience sample, gender, age, work experience, and ethics training were examined to determine their impact on the level of moral reasoning ability as measured by the Defining Issues Test. Using the whole sample, a significant difference was found for average P scores reported for males and females, but no significant differences (...)
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  46.  24
    Negative Contrast as a Function of the Location of Small Reinforced Placements.Richard S. Calef, Earl McHewitt, Donald W. Murray, James R. Brogan, Richard D. Cameron & E. Scott Geller - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (3):185-187.
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  47. Epistemic Issues in the Free Will Debate: Can We Know When We Are Free?Scott Sehon - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (2):363-380.
    In this paper, I argue that the views of Robert Kane on the one hand and John Fischer and Mark Ravizza on the other both lead to the following conclusion: we should have very low confidence in our ability to judge that someone is acting freely or in a way for which they can be held responsible. This in turn means, I claim, that these views, in practice, collapse into a sort of hard incompatibilist position, or the position of a (...)
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  48. Plato's Critique of the Democratic Character.Dominic Scott - 2000 - Phronesis 45 (1):19-37.
    This paper tackles some issues arising from Plato's account of the democratic man in Rep. VIII. One problem is that Plato tends to analyse him in terms of the desires that he fulfils, yet sends out conflicting signals about exactly what kind of desires are at issue. Scholars are divided over whether all of the democrat's desires are appetites. There is, however, strong evidence against seeing him as exclusively appetitive: rather he is someone who satisfies desires from all three parts (...)
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  49. Essence and Being.Scott A. Shalkowski - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 62:49-63.
    In ‘Two Notions of Being: Entity and Essence’ E. J. Lowe defends “serious essentialism”. Serious essentialism is the position that (a) everything has an essence, (b) essences are not themselves things, and (c) essences are the ground for metaphysical necessity and possi- bility. Lowe’s defence of serious essentialism is both metaphysical and epistemological. In what follows I use Lowe’s discussion as a point of departure for, first, adding some considerations for the plausi- bility of essentialismand, second, somework (...)
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  50.  38
    Ethics Vs. Economics: The Issue of Free Trade with Mexico. [REVIEW]LaRue Tone Hosmer & Scott E. Masten - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (4):287 - 298.
    The authors, one an ethicist and the other an economist, look at the issue of free trade with Mexico and other low wage rate countries from the viewpoints of their disciplines. The conclusion of the paper is that these disciplines differ on their priorities and analytical methods, not on their objectives.
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