Results for 'Scott D. Kahn'

996 found
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  1.  36
    Introduction: Sharing Data in a Medical Information Commons.Amy L. McGuire, Mary A. Majumder, Angela G. Villanueva, Jessica Bardill, Juli M. Bollinger, Eric Boerwinkle, Tania Bubela, Patricia A. Deverka, Barbara J. Evans, Nanibaa' A. Garrison, David Glazer, Melissa M. Goldstein, Henry T. Greely, Scott D. Kahn, Bartha M. Knoppers, Barbara A. Koenig, J. Mark Lambright, John E. Mattison, Christopher O'Donnell, Arti K. Rai, Laura L. Rodriguez, Tania Simoncelli, Sharon F. Terry, Adrian M. Thorogood, Michael S. Watson, John T. Wilbanks & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):12-20.
    Drawing on a landscape analysis of existing data-sharing initiatives, in-depth interviews with expert stakeholders, and public deliberations with community advisory panels across the U.S., we describe features of the evolving medical information commons. We identify participant-centricity and trustworthiness as the most important features of an MIC and discuss the implications for those seeking to create a sustainable, useful, and widely available collection of linked resources for research and other purposes.
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  2.  27
    Privacy and Constitutional Theory*: SCOTT D. GERBER.Scott D. Gerber - 2000 - Social Philosophy and Policy 17 (2):165-185.
    There has been a flood of scholarship over the years on whether there is a “right to privacy” in the Constitution of the United States. Griswold v. Connecticut was, of course, the Supreme Court decision that opened the floodgates to this river of commentary. A subject search for “privacy, right of” in the College of William and Mary's on-line library catalog located 360 book titles. A perusal of the leading law review bibliographic indices turned up still more. Whether the Constitution (...)
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  3.  24
    The Origins of an Independent Judiciary in New York, 1621–1777: Scott D. Gerber.Scott D. Gerber - 2011 - Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (1):179-201.
    Article III of the U.S. Constitution establishes an independent federal judiciary: federal courts constitute a separate branch of the national government, federal judges enjoy tenure during good behavior, and their salaries cannot be diminished while they hold office. The framers who drafted Article III in 1787 were not working from whole cloth. Rather, they were familiar with the preceding colonial and state practices, including those from New York. This essay provides a case study of New York's judicial history: the Dutch (...)
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  4.  16
    Structure of the Ordered Compound V6C5.J. D. Venables, D. Kahn & R. G. Lye - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 18 (151):177-192.
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  5.  87
    Advice on Modal Logic.D. Scott - 1970 - In K. Lambert (ed.), Philosophical Problems in Logic: Some Recent Developments. D. Reidel. pp. 143--173.
  6. Realist Perspectives on Ethical Norms and Weapons of Mass Destruction.Scott D. Sagan - 2004 - In Sohail H. Hashmi & Steven Lee (eds.), Ethics and Weapons of Mass Destruction: Religious and Secular Perspectives. Cambridge University Press. pp. 73--95.
     
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  7.  12
    The Multiattribute Linear Ballistic Accumulator Model of Context Effects in Multialternative Choice.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Scott D. Brown & Andrew Heathcote - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (2):179-205.
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  8.  45
    Peer-Review Assignments.Scott D. Wilson - 2006 - Teaching Philosophy 29 (4):327-342.
    Most philosophy professors want to help their students improve their writing, but determining a good way to do so is not easy. Requiring students to write rough drafts is a good start, but the extra work these require can overload already busy professors. In this article I describe and defend the use of peer-review assignments as a way of improving undergraduate writing. The largest benefit of such assignments is that they allow the students to take a more objective view of (...)
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  9.  10
    Just War and Unjust Soldiers: American Public Opinion on the Moral Equality of Combatants.Scott D. Sagan & Benjamin A. Valentino - 2019 - Ethics and International Affairs 33 (4):411-444.
    Traditional just war doctrine holds that political leaders are morally responsible for the decision to initiate war, while individual soldiers should be judged solely by their conduct in war. According to this view, soldiers fighting in an unjust war of aggression and soldiers on the opposing side seeking to defend their country are morally equal as long as each obeys the rules of combat. Revisionist scholars, however, maintain that soldiers who fight for an unjust cause bear at least some responsibility (...)
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  10.  58
    The Meta‐Nudge – A Response to the Claim That the Use of Nudges During the Informed Consent Process is Unavoidable.Scott D. Gelfand - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (8):601-608.
    Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein, in Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness, assert that rejecting the use nudges is ‘pointless’ because ‘[i]n many cases, some kind of nudge is inevitable’. Schlomo Cohen makes a similar claim. He asserts that in certain situations surgeons cannot avoid nudging patients either toward or away from consenting to surgical interventions. Cohen concludes that in these situations, nudging patients toward consenting to surgical interventions is uncriticizable or morally permissible. I call this argument: The (...)
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  11.  19
    Using Insights From Applied Moral Psychology to Promote Ethical Behavior Among Engineering Students and Professional Engineers.Scott D. Gelfand - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1513-1534.
    In this essay I discuss a novel engineering ethics class that has the potential to significantly decrease the likelihood that students will inadvertently or unintentionally act unethically in the future. This class is different from standard engineering ethics classes in that it focuses on the issue of why people act unethically and how students can avoid a variety of hurdles to ethical behavior. I do not deny that it is important for students to develop cogent moral reasoning and ethical decision-making (...)
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  12.  15
    An Integrated Model of Choices and Response Times in Absolute Identification.Scott D. Brown, A. A. J. Marley, Christopher Donkin & Andrew Heathcote - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (2):396-425.
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  13.  47
    Manichaean Responses to Zoroastrianism. *: D. A. SCOTT.D. A. Scott - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (4):435-457.
    Justice will once take the place which the Magians are keeping now, for it is they who lord it over the world.
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  14. The Ethics of Care and (Capital?) Punishment.Scott D. Gelfand - 2004 - Law and Philosophy 23 (6):593 - 614.
  15.  9
    Solid-Organ Transplantation in HIV-Infected Patients.Scott D. Halpern, Peter A. Ubel & Arthur L. Caplan - forthcoming - Center for Bioethics Papers.
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  16.  20
    Encountering the Animal Other: Reflections on Moments of Empathic Seeing.Scott D. Churchill - 2006 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 6 (sup1):1-13.
  17.  16
    Encountering the Animal Other: Reflections on Moments of Empathic Seeing.Scott D. Churchill - 2006 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology: Methodology: Special Edition 6:p - 1.
    The ultimate challenge for psychology as a human science inheres in accessing the experience of the other. In general, the field of psychology has perpetuated the epistemological dualism of distinguishing between the realm accessible by external perception and the realm accessible by inner perception, and hence between the subjective and the objective , regarding the "first person" perspective as a legitimate means of access only to one's own private experience, while insisting that all others' experience must be observed from a (...)
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  18.  14
    Attentional Inhibition Mediates Inattentional Blindness.Preston P. Thakral & Scott D. Slotnick - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):636-643.
    Salient stimuli presented at unattended locations are not always perceived, a phenomenon termed inattentional blindness. We hypothesized that inattentional blindness may be mediated by attentional inhibition. It has been shown that attentional inhibition effects are maximal near an attended location. If our hypothesis is correct, inattentional blindness effects should similarly be maximal near an attended location. During central fixation, participants viewed rapidly presented colored digits at a peripheral location. An unexpected black circle was concurrently presented. Participants were instructed to maintain (...)
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  19.  8
    The Fragile Nature of Contextual Preference Reversals: Reply to Tsetsos, Chater, and Usher.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Scott D. Brown & Andrew Heathcote - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (4):848-853.
  20.  11
    Evidence-Based Equipoise and Research Responsiveness.Scott D. Halpern - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):1 – 4.
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  21.  14
    Role of Memory in Air Traffic Control.Scott D. Gronlund, Daryl D. Ohrt, Michael R. P. Dougherty, Jennifer L. Perry & Carol A. Manning - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 4 (3):263-280.
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  22.  10
    Decisions Devoid of Data?Scott D. Halpern - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):55 – 56.
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  23. Socratic Optimism and Platonic Pessimism.D. Scott - 1999 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 17:15-36.
  24.  21
    Considerations for Teaching a Phenomenological Approach to Psychological Research1.Scott D. Churchill - 1990 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 21 (1):46-67.
  25.  85
    Exploring the Functional Advantages of Spatial and Visual Cognition From an Architectural Perspective.Scott D. Lathrop, Samuel Wintermute & John E. Laird - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (4):796-818.
    We present a general cognitive architecture that tightly integrates symbolic, spatial, and visual representations. A key means to achieving this integration is allowing cognition to move freely between these modes, using mental imagery. The specific components and their integration are motivated by results from psychology, as well as the need for developing a functional and efficient implementation. We discuss functional benefits that result from the combination of multiple content-based representations and the specialized processing units associated with them. Instantiating this theory, (...)
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  26.  62
    Reasons, Causes, and Motives: Psychology’s Illusive Explanations of Behavior.Scott D. Churchill - 1991 - Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):24-34.
    The efforts of psychologists as well as laypersons to identify causes and motives of behavior is examined from an existential-phenomenological perspective. The claim made by modern psychology that its epistemological ground consists of an objectively given realm of “facts” is called into question. Psychological explanation is presented as a system of discourse that has its own psychological “motivation.” The traditional concepts of “conditions,” “causes,” and “motives” are critiqued and alternative notions such as “meaning” and “project” are drawn from the literature (...)
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  27.  16
    Teaching Phenomenology by Way of “Second-Person Perspectivity”(From My Thirty Years at the University of Dallas).Scott D. Churchill - 2012 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 12 (sup3):14.
    Phenomenology has remained a sheltering place for those who would seek to understand not only their own "first person" experiences but also the first person experiences of others. Recent publications by renowned scholars within the field have clarified and extended our possibilities of access to "first person" experience by means of perception and reflection . Teaching phenomenology remains a challenge, however, because one must find ways of communicating to the student how to embody it as a process rather than simply (...)
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  28.  24
    Sheaves and Logic.M. P. Fourman, D. S. Scott & C. J. Mulvey - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (4):1201-1203.
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  29. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory and Consciousness.Scott D. Slotnick & Daniel L. Schachter - 2007 - In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 251--287.
  30.  11
    Rereading Historical Theology: Before, During, and After Augustine. [REVIEW]Scott D. Moringiello - 2009 - Augustinian Studies 40 (2):318-319.
  31.  9
    Transformations of Late Antiquity: Essays for Peter Brown. [REVIEW]Scott D. Moringiello - 2009 - Augustinian Studies 40 (2):300-302.
  32.  30
    Blanshard, Rescher, and the Coherence Theory of Truth.Scott D. Palmer - 1982 - Idealistic Studies 12 (3):211-230.
    1. Introduction. In recent years Brand Blanshard’s formulation of the coherence theory of truth, as he articulated it in The Nature of Thought, has come under formidable attack by Professor Nicholas Rescher of the University of Pittsburgh. In his otherwise excellent book, The Coherence Theory of Truth, later excerpted for P. A. Schilpp’s Library of Living Philosophers volume on Professor Blanshard, he criticizes Blanshard on two main counts.
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  33.  8
    Carte Marine Et Portulan au XIIe Siécle: Le "Liber de Existencia Riveriarum Et Forma Maris Nostri Mediterranei" .Patrick Gautier Dalché.Scott D. Westrem - 2000 - Speculum 75 (2):465-468.
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  34.  24
    Josephie Brefeld, A Guidebook for the Jerusalem Pilgrimage in the Late Middle Ages: A Case for Computer-Aided Textual Criticism.(Middeleeuwse Studies En Bronnen, 40.) Hilversum, Neth.: Verloren, 1994. Paper. Pp. 243; Tables, Graphs, Black-and-White Illustrations. Hfl 45. [REVIEW]Scott D. Westrem - 1997 - Speculum 72 (1):116-119.
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  35.  6
    Sur les Routes de l'Empire Mongol: Ordre et Rhetorique des Relations de Voyage aux XIIIe et XIVe Siècles.Michèle Guéret-Laferté.Scott D. Westrem - 1997 - Speculum 72 (4):1179-1181.
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  36.  21
    The Imaginative Landscape of Christopher Columbus.Valerie I. J. Flint.Scott D. Westrem - 1993 - Speculum 68 (3):764-768.
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  37.  37
    Palmer, Claire. Animal Ethics in Context. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010. Pp. 203. $89.50 ; $27.50.Scott D. Wilson - 2011 - Ethics 121 (4):824-828.
  38.  1
    Empathy, Intercorporeality, and the Call to Compassion. [REVIEW]Scott D. Churchill - 2010 - Society and Animals 18 (2):219-225.
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  39.  18
    Humanistic Psychology as "the Other": The Marginalization of Dissident Voices Within Academic Institutions.Scott D. Churchill - 1997 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 17 (2):137-149.
    Explores both the place and displacement of humanistic psychology within institutional contexts ranging from private liberal arts colleges to professional organizations like the American Psychological Association. First, from the perspective of social constructionism, we present the function and marginalization of humanistic psychologists within American academic psychology. Next we consider, from the perspective of A. Schutz's social phenomenology, humanistic psychology's place within academic psychology as "the stranger," both in terms of the fundamental incongruence of "traditional" versus "humanistic" psychological relevance systems and (...)
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  40.  22
    Quantification in Psychology: Critical Analysis of an Unreflective Practice.Donna Tafreshi, Kathleen L. Slaney & Scott D. Neufeld - 2016 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 36 (4):233-249.
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  41.  8
    Motor-Sensory Recalibration Modulates Perceived Simultaneity of Cross-Modal Events at Different Distances.Brent D. Parsons, Scott D. Novich & David M. Eagleman - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  42. Context Effects in Multi-Alternative Decision Making: Empirical Data and a Bayesian Model.Guy Hawkins, Scott D. Brown, Mark Steyvers & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (3):498-516.
    For decisions between many alternatives, the benchmark result is Hick's Law: that response time increases log-linearly with the number of choice alternatives. Even when Hick's Law is observed for response times, divergent results have been observed for error rates—sometimes error rates increase with the number of choice alternatives, and sometimes they are constant. We provide evidence from two experiments that error rates are mostly independent of the number of choice alternatives, unless context effects induce participants to trade speed for accuracy (...)
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  43.  17
    Diffusion Decision Model: Current Issues and History.Roger Ratcliff, Philip L. Smith, Scott D. Brown & Gail McKoon - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (4):260-281.
  44.  24
    Inequality and Earnings Distribution.Francine D. Blau & Lawrence M. Kahn - 2009 - In Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan & Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality. Oxford University Press.
    This article documents and provides explanations for levels of and trends in earnings inequality, with a central focus on international differences in these outcomes. It concentrates on OECD countries, which are largely advanced industrialized nations, and typically have similar levels of labour productivity but often very different labour market institutions and changes in the supply of or demand for labour of various skill levels. As a result, one can use international differences to test hypotheses about the role of supply and (...)
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  45.  13
    Eliminating Categorical Exclusion Criteria in Crisis Standards of Care Frameworks.Catherine L. Auriemma, Ashli M. Molinero, Amy J. Houtrow, Govind Persad, Douglas B. White & Scott D. Halpern - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):28-36.
    During public health crises including the COVID-19 pandemic, resource scarcity and contagion risks may require health systems to shift—to some degree—from a usual clinical ethic, focused on the wel...
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  46.  19
    On a Problem of Erdös and Tarski.W. Hanf, D. Monk, D. Scott & A. Hajnal - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):332-332.
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  47. Parietal Lobe Contributions to Episodic Memory Retrieval.A. D. Wagner, B. J. Shannon, I. Kahn & R. L. Buckner - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (9):445-453.
  48. Accumulating Advantages: A New Conceptualization of Rapid Multiple Choice.Don van Ravenzwaaij, Scott D. Brown, A. A. J. Marley & Andrew Heathcote - forthcoming - Psychological Review.
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  49.  23
    Fourman M. P. And Scott D. S.. Sheaves and Logic. Applications of Sheaves, Proceedings of the Research Symposium on Applications of Sheaf Theory to Logic, Algebra, and Analysis, Durham, July 9–21, 1977, Edited by Fourman M. P., Mulvey C. J., and Scott D. S., Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Vol. 753, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York, 1979, Pp. 302–401. [REVIEW]Dirk van Dalen - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (4):1201-1203.
  50.  4
    Variability in Emotion Regulation Strategy Use is Negatively Associated with Depressive Symptoms.Xiaoqin Wang, Scott D. Blain, Jie Meng, Yuan Liu & Jiang Qiu - 2021 - Cognition and Emotion 35 (2):324-340.
    Variability in the emotion regulation strategies one uses throughout daily life has been suggested to reflect adaptive ER ability and to act as a protective factor in mental health. Moreover,...
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