Results for 'Scott Dixon'

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T. Scott Dixon
Ashoka University
  1.  25
    The Role of Beneficence in Clinical Genetics: Non-Directive Counseling Reconsidered.Mark Yarborough, Joan A. Scott & Linda K. Dixon - 1989 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (2).
    The popular view of non-directive genetic counseling limits the counselor's role to providing information to clients and assisting families in making decisions in a morally neutral fashion. This view of non-directive genetic counseling is shown to be incomplete. A fuller understanding of what it means to respect autonomy shows that merely respecting client choices does not exhaust the duty. Moreover, the genetic counselor/client relationship should also be governed by the counselor's commitment to the principle of beneficience. When non-directive counseling is (...)
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  2.  35
    Protest Suicide: A Systematic Model with Heuristic Archetypes.Scott Spehr & John Dixon - 2014 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (3):368-388.
    Suicide as a form of political protest is a little studied social phenomenon that cannot be dismissed simply as being irrational or patholognomic. We consider protest suicide to be a meaningful social action as purposive political act intended to change oppressive policies or practices. This paper synthesizes theoretical propositions associated with suicide in general, and protest suicide in particular, so as to construct a general explanatory model of protest suicide as a social phenomenon. Then, it analyzes protest suicide as a (...)
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  3. What Is the Well-Foundedness of Grounding?T. Scott Dixon - 2016 - Mind 125 (498):439-468.
    A number of philosophers think that grounding is, in some sense, well-founded. This thesis, however, is not always articulated precisely, nor is there a consensus in the literature as to how it should be characterized. In what follows, I consider several principles that one might have in mind when asserting that grounding is well-founded, and I argue that one of these principles, which I call ‘full foundations’, best captures the relevant claim. My argument is by the process of elimination. For (...)
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  4. Upward Grounding.T. Scott Dixon - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 97 (1):48-78.
    Realists about universals face a question about grounding. Are things how they are because they instantiate the universals they do? Or do they instantiate those universals because they are how they are? Take Ebenezer Scrooge. You can say that Scrooge is greedy because he instantiates greediness, or you can say that Scrooge instantiates greediness because he is greedy. I argue that there is reason to prefer the latter to the former. I develop two arguments for the view. I also respond (...)
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  5. Speaks's Reduction of Propositions to Properties: A Benacerraf Problem.T. Scott Dixon & Cody Gilmore - 2016 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 5 (3):275-284.
    Speaks defends the view that propositions are properties: for example, the proposition that grass is green is the property being such that grass is green. We argue that there is no reason to prefer Speaks's theory to analogous but competing theories that identify propositions with, say, 2-adic relations. This style of argument has recently been deployed by many, including Moore and King, against the view that propositions are n-tuples, and by Caplan and Tillman against King's view that propositions are facts (...)
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  6.  51
    Plural Slot Theory.T. Scott Dixon - 2018 - In Karen Bennett & Dean Zimmerman (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics Volume 11. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 193-223.
    Kit Fine (2000) breaks with tradition, arguing that, pace Russell (e.g., 1903: 228), relations have neither directions nor converses. He considers two ways to conceive of these new "neutral" relations, positionalism and anti-positionalism, and argues that the latter should be preferred to the former. Cody Gilmore (2013) argues for a generalization of positionalism, slot theory, the view that a property or relation is n-adic if and only if there are exactly n slots in it, and (very roughly) that each slot (...)
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  7. Who Wants to Live Forever? Immortality, Authenticity, and Living Forever in the Present.Ted M. Preston & Scott Dixon - 2007 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 61 (2):99-117.
    Death is a bad thing by virtue of its ability to frustrate the subjectively valuable projects that shape our identities and render our lives meaningful. While the presumption that immortality would necessarily result in boredom worse than death proves unwarranted, if the constraint of mortality is a necessary element for virtues, relationships, and motivation to pursue our life-projects, then death might nevertheless be a necessary evil. Mortal or immortal, it’s clear that the value of one’s life depends on its subjectively (...)
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  8.  99
    Aristotle on Well-Being and Intellectual Contemplation: Dominic Scott.Dominic Scott - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):225–242.
    [David Charles] Aristotle, it appears, sometimes identifies well-being (eudaimonia) with one activity (intellectual contemplation), sometimes with several, including ethical virtue. I argue that this appearance is misleading. In the Nicomachean Ethics, intellectual contemplation is the central case of human well-being, but is not identical with it. Ethically virtuous activity is included in human well-being because it is an analogue of intellectual contemplation. This structure allows Aristotle to hold that while ethically virtuous activity is valuable in its own right, the best (...)
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  9.  26
    “We Are a Group of Feminist Lawyers Doing What We Can”: An Interview with Emma Scott, Director of Rights of Women.Hannah Camplin & Emma Scott - 2015 - Feminist Legal Studies 23 (3):319-328.
  10.  11
    Niven and Scott : Sixteen Years of Hindsight.P. Anne Scott - 2019 - Nursing Philosophy 20 (3):e12250.
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  11.  54
    Floyd and Scott, From Page 13.Kathryn P. Scott & Deborah Martin Floyd - 1991 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 8 (4):26-26.
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  12.  35
    Aristotle On Well-Being And Intellectual Contemplation: Dominic Scott.Dominic Scott - 1999 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73 (1):225-242.
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  13.  22
    Book Review: Guidance for PastorsThe Pastoral Epistles; Introduction, Translation, Commentary, by EastonBurton Scott. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1947. 240 Pp. $3.00. [REVIEW]E. F. Scott - 1948 - Interpretation 2 (2):239-241.
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  14.  63
    Scott Replies to Harker Letter.Drusilla Scott - 1986 - Tradition and Discovery 14 (2):25-26.
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  15.  61
    Report From Bill Scott On Polanyi Biography.William T. Scott - 1981 - Tradition and Discovery 8 (2):2-3.
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  16.  23
    Comment by Charles E. Scott.Charles E. Scott - 1970 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 1:45-49.
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  17.  19
    II–Dominic Scott: Primary and SecondaryEudaimonia.Dominic Scott - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):225-242.
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  18.  36
    Sir Walter Scott in Malta.Jo Xuereb Brennan & Walter Scott - 2014 - The Chesterton Review 40 (1/2):247-248.
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  19.  29
    Scott Adams.Scott Adams & Mary Scott - 1996 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 10 (4):26-29.
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  20.  32
    Manichaean Responses to Zoroastrianism. *: D. A. SCOTT.D. A. Scott - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (4):435-457.
    Justice will once take the place which the Magians are keeping now, for it is they who lord it over the world.
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  21.  22
    Schleiermacher and the Problem of Divine Immediacy: CHARLES E. SCOTT.Charles E. Scott - 1968 - Religious Studies 3 (2):499-512.
    A problem which was widely recognised during Schleiermacher's life, and one which I think is not yet satisfactorily solved, concerned the integration of feeling and concepts within human consciousness. Within the domain of philosophy of religion it may be phrased as follows: How does religious feeling relate to rational reflection such that each complements and enriches the other? Schleiermacher was convinced that religion never originates in human understanding or autonomy and that one's understanding of the world is not necessarily dependent (...)
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  22.  31
    Scott Adams.Mary Scott - 1996 - Business Ethics 10 (4):26-29.
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  23. Prayer is Therapy-Cynthia B. Cohen, Sondra E. Wheeler, and David A. Scott Reply.C. B. Cohen, S. E. Wheeler & D. A. Scott - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (6):5-5.
     
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  24. A Response to Joan Wallach Scott.Joan Wallach Scott - 1995 - In Jeffrey Williams (ed.), Pc Wars: Politics and Theory in the Academy. Routledge.
  25.  31
    Reformation and the Culture of Persuasion. By Andrew Pettegree; the Protestant Clergy of Early Modern Europe. Edited by C. Scott Dixon and Luise Schorn-Schütte and the Gospel and Henry VIII. Evangelicals in the Early English Reformation. By Alec Ryrie. [REVIEW]Alastair Hamilton - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (2):303–305.
  26. The Reformation in Germany. By C. Scott Dixon.M. P. Thompson - 2005 - The European Legacy 10 (5):553.
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  27.  26
    Public Health, Private Parts: A Feminist Public-Health Approach to Trans Issues.Krista Scott-Dixon - 2009 - Hypatia 24 (3):33 - 55.
    This paper identifies and examines the possible contributions that emerging fields of study, particularly feminist public health, can make to enhancing and expanding trans/feminist theory and practice. A feminist public-health approach that is rooted in a tradition of political economy, social justice and equity studies, and an anti-oppression orientation, provides one of the most comprehensive "toolboxes" of perspectives, theoretical frameworks, methods, practices, processes, and strategies for trans-oriented scholars and activists.
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  28.  8
    Routledge Handbook for Metaphysical Grounding.Michael J. Raven (ed.) - forthcoming - New York: Routledge.
    A collection of 37 essays surveying the state of the art on metaphysical ground. -/- Essay authors are: Fatema Amijee, Ricki Bliss, Amanda Bryant, Margaret Cameron, Phil Corkum, Fabrice Correia, Louis deRosset, Scott Dixon, Tom Donaldson, Nina Emery, Kit Fine, Martin Glazier, Kathrin Koslicki, David Mark Kovacs, Stephan Krämer, Stephanie Leary, Stephan Leuenberger, Jon Litland, Marko Malink, Michaela McSweeney, Kevin Mulligan, Alyssa Ney, Asya Passinsky, Francesca Poggiolesi, Kevin Richardson, Stefan Roski, Noel Saenz, Benjamin Schnieder, Erica Shumener, Alexander Skiles, (...)
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  29.  29
    Perpetuation of Retracted Publications Using the Example of the Scott S. Reuben Case: Incidences, Reasons and Possible Improvements.Helmar Bornemann-Cimenti, Istvan S. Szilagyi & Andreas Sandner-Kiesling - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1063-1072.
    In 2009, Scott S. Reuben was convicted of fabricating data, which lead to 25 of his publications being retracted. Although it is clear that the perpetuation of retracted articles negatively effects the appraisal of evidence, the extent to which retracted literature is cited had not previously been investigated. In this study, to better understand the perpetuation of discredited research, we examine the number of citations of Reuben’s articles within 5 years of their retraction. Citations of Reuben’s retracted articles were (...)
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  30. ‘How Can It Not Know What It Is?’: Self and Other in Ridley Scott's Blade Runner.Andrew Norris - 2013 - Film-Philosophy 17 (1):19-50.
    In this essay I provide a reading of Ridley Scott's Blade Runner that focuses upon the question of the kind of creatures the Replicants are depicted as being, and the meaning that depiction should have for us. I draw upon Stanley Cavell's account of the problem of other minds to argue that the empathy test is in fact a mode of resisting the acknowledgment of others. And I draw upon Martin Heidegger's account of authenticity and mortality to argue that (...)
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  31.  41
    Remarks on the Scott–Lindenbaum Theorem.Gillman Payette & Peter K. Schotch - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (5):1003-1020.
    In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Dana Scott introduced a kind of generalization (or perhaps simplification would be a better description) of the notion of inference, familiar from Gentzen, in which one may consider multiple conclusions rather than single formulas. Scott used this idea to good effect in a number of projects including the axiomatization of many-valued logics (of various kinds) and a reconsideration of the motivation of C.I. Lewis. Since he left the subject it has been (...)
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  32. What Role Should Propositions Have in the Theory of Meaning? Review Essay: Scott Soames. What is Meaning?Kirk Ludwig - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (4):885-901.
  33.  29
    Improving a Bounding Result That Constructs Models of High Scott Rank.Christina Goddard - 2016 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 57 (1):59-71.
    Let $T$ be a theory in a countable fragment of $\mathcal{L}_{\omega_{1},\omega}$ whose extensions in countable fragments have only countably many types. Sacks proves a bounding theorem that generates models of high Scott rank. For this theorem, a tree hierarchy is developed for $T$ that enumerates these extensions. In this paper, we effectively construct a predecessor function for formulas defining types in this tree hierarchy as follows. Let $T_{\gamma}\subseteq T_{\delta}$ with $T_{\gamma}$- and $T_{\delta}$-theories on level $\gamma$ and $\delta$, respectively. Then (...)
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  34.  15
    Bounded Scott Set Saturation.Alex M. McAllister - 2002 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (2):245-259.
    We examine the relationship between two different notions of a structure being Scott set saturated and identify sufficient conditions which guarantee that a structure is uniquely Scott set saturated. We also consider theories representing Scott sets; in particular, we identify a sufficient condition on a theory T so that for any given countable Scott set there exists a completion of T that is saturated with respect to the given Scott set. These results extend Scott's (...)
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  35. The Bible View of Life the Scott Holland Memorial Lectures 1936.S. C. Carpenter - 1937 - Eyre & Spottiswoode.
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  36.  26
    For Ownership Theory: A Response to Nicholas Dixon.Stephen Kershnar - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (2):226-235.
    In an earlier paper, Stephen Kershnar argued for the following thesis: An instance of trash-talking is permissible if and only if the relevant sports organization’s system of rules permits the expression. One person trash-talks a second if and only if the first intentionally insults the second during competition. The above theory sounds implausible. Surely, the conditions under which a player may insult another do not depend on what the owners arbitrarily decide. Such an approach doesn’t appear to be true in (...)
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  37. How Could Prayer Make a Difference? Discussion of Scott A. Davison, Petitionary Prayer: A Philosophical Investigation.Caleb Murray Cohoe - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (2):171-185.
    I critically respond to Scott A. Davison, Petitionary Prayer: A Philosophical Investigation. I attack his Contrastive Reasons Account of what it takes for a request to be answered and provide an alternative account on which a request is answered as long as it has deliberative weight for the person asked. I also raise issues with Davison’s dismissive treatment of direct divine communication. I then emphasize the importance of value theory for addressing the puzzles of petitionary prayer. Whether a defense (...)
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  38. Scott-Kakures on Believing at Will.Dana Radcliffe - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (1):145-151.
    Many philosophers hold that it is conceptually impossible to form a belief simply by willing it. Noting the failure of previous attempts to locate the presumed incoherence, Dion Scott-Kakures offers a version of the general line that voluntary believing is conceptually impossible becuse it could not qualify as a basic intentional actions. This discussion analyzes his central argument, explaining how it turns on the assumption that a prospective voluntary believer must regard the desired belief as not justified, given her (...)
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  39. ‘Determinism’ Is Just Fine: A Reply to Scott Sehon.Gabriel Marco - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (2):469-477.
    Scott Sehon recently argued that the standard notion of determinism employed in the Consequence Argument makes it so that, if our world turns out to be deterministic, then an interventionist God is logically impossible. He further argues that because of this, we should revise our notion of determinism. In this paper I show that Sehon’s argument for the claim that the truth of determinism, in this sense, would make an interventionist God logically impossible ultimately fails. I then offer and (...)
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  40.  63
    How to Split Concepts: A Reply to Piccinini and Scott.Edouard Machery - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (4):410-418.
    In “Concepts Are Not a Natural Kind” (2005), I argued that the notion of concept in psychology and in neuropsychology fails to pick out a natural kind. Piccinini and Scott (2006, in this issue) have criticized the argument I used to support this conclusion. They also proposed two alternative arguments for a similar conclusion. In this reply, I rebut Piccinini and Scott’s main objection against the argument proposed in “Concepts Are Not a Natural Kind.” Moreover, I show that (...)
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  41.  19
    Computable Isomorphisms, Degree Spectra of Relations, and Scott Families.Bakhadyr Khoussainov & Richard A. Shore - 1998 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 93 (1-3):153-193.
    The spectrum of a relation on a computable structure is the set of Turing degrees of the image of R under all isomorphisms between and any other computable structure . The relation is intrinsically computably enumerable if its image under all such isomorphisms is c.e. We prove that any computable partially ordered set is isomorphic to the spectrum of an intrinsically c.e. relation on a computable structure. Moreover, the isomorphism can be constructed in such a way that the image of (...)
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  42.  54
    Free Will and Action Explanation: A Non-Causal Combatibilist Account, by Scott Sehon: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, Pp. Xii + 239, £45. [REVIEW]Derek Baker - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (2):411-413.
    Baker reviews the book Free will and action explanation: A non-causal combatibilist account, by Scott Sehon.
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  43. Evolution of Quine’s Thinking on the Thesis of Underdetermination and Scott Soames’s Accusation of Paradoxicality.M. Ashraf Adeel - 2015 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (1):56-69.
    Scott Soames argues that interpreted in the light of Quine's holistic verificationism, Quine's thesis of underdetermination leads to a contradiction. It is contended here that if we pay proper attention to the evolution of Quine's thinking on the subject, particularly his criterion of theory individuation, Quine's thesis of underdetermination escapes Soames' charge of paradoxicality.
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  44.  96
    Critical Notice of Scott Soames, Beyond Rigidity.Michael McKinsey - 2005 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (1):149-168.
    In this admirable book, Scott Soames provides well defended answers to some of the most difficult and important questions in the philosophy of language, and he does so with characteristic thoroughness, clarity, and rigor. The book's title is appropriate, since it does indeed go ‘beyond rigidity’ in many ways. Among other things, Soames does the following in the course of the book. He persuasively argues that the main thesis of Kripke's Naming and Necessity—that ordinary names are rigid designators—can be (...)
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  45.  52
    Using Scott Domains to Explicate the Notions of Approximate and Idealized Data.Ronald Laymon - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (2):194-221.
    This paper utilizes Scott domains (continuous lattices) to provide a mathematical model for the use of idealized and approximately true data in the testing of scientific theories. Key episodes from the history of science can be understood in terms of this model as attempts to demonstrate that theories are monotonic, that is, yield better predictions when fed better or more realistic data. However, as we show, monotonicity and truth of theories are independent notions. A formal description is given of (...)
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  46.  17
    II—Scott Sturgeon: Reflective Disjunctivism.Scott Sturgeon - 2006 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 80 (1):185-216.
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  47.  21
    I—Scott Soames: Actually.Scott Soames & Keith Hossack - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):251-277.
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  48. Evidentialism and the Will to Believe, by Scott Aikin. [REVIEW]Trevor Hedberg - 2015 - Teaching Philosophy 38 (2):246-250.
    This paper is a book review of Scott Aikin's (2014) Evidentialism and the Will to Believe. Beyond a brief summary of the text, the review focuses on the book's pedagogical merits. I conclude that the book would be worth adopting for graduate and upper-level undergraduate courses that cover the ethics of belief in detail, though the hardcover edition of the book is rather pricey.
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  49. Scott Soames' Two-Dimensionalism.David J. Chalmers - manuscript
    Scott Soames’ Reference and Description contains arguments against a number of different versions of two-dimensional semantics. After early chapters on descriptivism and on Kripke’s anti-descriptivist arguments, a chapter each is devoted to the roots of twodimensionalism in “slips, errors, or misleading suggestions” by Kripke and Kaplan, and to the two-dimensional approaches developed by Stalnaker (1978) and by Davies and Humberstone (1981). The bulk of the book (about 200 pages) is devoted to “ambitious twodimensionalism”, attributed to Frank Jackson, David Lewis, (...)
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  50.  30
    On a Conservative Extension Argument of Dana Scott.Lloyd Humberstone - 2011 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 19 (1):241-288.
    Exegesis, analysis and discussion of an argument deployed by Dana Scott in his 1973 paper ‘Background to Formalization’, rovide an ideal setting for getting clear about some subtleties in the apparently simple idea of conservative extension. There, Scott claimed in respect of two fundamental principles concerning implication that any generalized consequence relation respecting these principles is always extended conservatively by some similarly fundamental principles concerning conjunction and disjunction. This claim appears on the face of it to conflict with (...)
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