Results for 'Scott Hotton'

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  1. Extending Dynamical Systems Theory to Model Embodied Cognition.Scott Hotton & Jeff Yoshimi - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (3):444-479.
    We define a mathematical formalism based on the concept of an ‘‘open dynamical system” and show how it can be used to model embodied cognition. This formalism extends classical dynamical systems theory by distinguishing a ‘‘total system’’ (which models an agent in an environment) and an ‘‘agent system’’ (which models an agent by itself), and it includes tools for analyzing the collections of overlapping paths that occur in an embedded agent's state space. To illustrate the way this formalism can be (...)
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  2.  91
    Vulnerabilities of Morality.Scott Woodcock, Frederick Kroon, Thomas Bittner & Peter Pagin - 2008 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):pp. 141-159.
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  3.  27
    Augustine and neo-platonism.Scott MacDonald - 2004 - In Jorge J. E. Gracia & Jiyuan Yu (eds.), Uses and abuses of the classics: Western interpretations of Greek philosophy. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
    From very early on, Western philosophers have been obsessed with the understanding of a relatively few works of philosophy which have played a disproportionately large and fundamental role in developing the Western philosophical canon, dominating the curriculum in the past and in the present; there is no indication that they will not do so in the future.Uses and Abuses of the Classics examines the various ways in which the different periods of the history of philosophy have approached these texts. The (...)
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  4. Advice on modal logic.D. Scott - 1980 - In Karel Lambert (ed.), Philosophical problems in logic: some recent developments. Hingham, MA: Sold and distributed in the U.S.A. and Canada by Kluwer Boston. pp. 143--173.
  5.  21
    Why We Argue (and How We Should): A Guide to Political Disagreement in an Age of Unreason.Scott F. Aikin & Robert B. Talisse - 2018 - Routledge.
    Why We Argue : A Guide to Political Disagreement in an Age of Unreason presents an accessible and engaging introduction to the theory of argument, with special emphasis on the way argument works in public political debate. The authors develop a view according to which proper argument is necessary for one's individual cognitive health; this insight is then expanded to the collective health of one's society. Proper argumentation, then, is seen to play a central role in a well-functioning democracy. Written (...)
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  6.  7
    Experience: new foundations for the human sciences.Scott Lash - 2018 - Medford, MA: Polity.
    This book is a radical plea for the centrality of experience in the social and human sciences. Scott Lash argues that a large part of the output of the social sciences today is still shaped by assumptions stemming from positivism, in contrast to the tradition of interpretative social enquiry pioneered by Max Weber. These assumptions are particularly central to economics, with its emphasis on homo economicus, the utility-maximizing, instrumental actor, but they have infiltrated the other social sciences too. Lash (...)
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  7.  26
    The early Heidegger's philosophy of life: facticity, being, and language.Scott M. Campbell - 2012 - New York: Fordham University Press.
    Science and the originality of life -- Christian facticity -- Grasping life as a topic -- Ruinance -- The retrieval of history -- Facticity and ontology -- Factical speaking -- Rhetoric -- Sophistry.
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  8.  35
    Reference and description.Scott Soames - 2005 - In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 397.
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  9. Disjunctivism about visual experience.Scott Sturgeon - 2008 - In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: perception, action, knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 112--143.
     
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  10.  85
    In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion.Scott Atran - 2002 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    This ambitious, interdisciplinary book seeks to explain the origins of religion using our knowledge of the evolution of cognition. A cognitive anthropologist and psychologist, Scott Atran argues that religion is a by-product of human evolution just as the cognitive intervention, cultural selection, and historical survival of religion is an accommodation of certain existential and moral elements that have evolved in the human condition.
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  11.  30
    Substitutivity.Scott Soames - 1987 - In Judith Jarvis Thomson (ed.), On Being and Saying: Essays for Richard Cartwright. MIT Press. pp. 99-132.
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  12.  54
    Pragmatism, Experience, and the Given.Scott Aikin - 2009 - Human Affairs 19 (1):19-27.
    Pragmatism, Experience, and the Given The doctrine of the Given is that subjects have direct non-inferential awareness of content of their experiences and apprehensions, and that some of a subject's beliefs are justified on the basis of that subject's awareness of her experiences and apprehensions. Pragmatist criticisms of the Given as a myth are shown here not only to be inadequate but to presuppose the Given. A model for a pragmatist account of the Given is then provided in terms of (...)
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  13.  67
    Action explanation and the free will debate: How incompatibilist arguments go wrong1.Scott Sehon - 2012 - Philosophical Issues 22 (1):351-368.
  14. Naming and Asserting.Scott Soames - 2005 - In Zoltan Gendler Szabo (ed.), Semantics Versus Pragmatics. Oxford University Press. pp. 356--382.
     
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  15.  52
    Decolonizing “Natural Logic”.Scott L. Pratt - 2021 - In Julie Brumberg-Chaumont & Claude Rosental (eds.), Logical Skills: Social-Historical Perspectives. Springer Verlag. pp. 23-50.
    “Natural logic” was proposed by Lewis Henry Morgan as the engine of cultural evolution, concluding that the “course and manner” of cultural development “was predetermined, as well as restricted within narrow limits of divergence, by the natural logic of the human mind.” This essay argues that Morgan’s conception of natural logic aids the project of settler colonialism. Rather than being a false account of human agency, however, it is a conception of natural logic that is produced through the systematic narrowing (...)
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  16.  25
    Choosing between possible lives: law and ethics of prenatal and preimplantation genetic diagnosis.Rosamund Scott - 2007 - Portland, Or.: Hart.
    To what extent should parents be able to choose the kind of child they have? The unfortunate phrase 'designer baby' has become familiar in debates surrounding reproduction. As a reference to current possibilities the term is misleading, but the phrase may indicate a societal concern of some kind about control and choice in the course of reproduction. Typically, people can choose whether to have a child. They may also have an interest in choosing, to some extent, the conditions under which (...)
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  17.  16
    When the Dog Bites the Subaltern.Scott Aikin & Trujillo Jr - 2024 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (2):173-191.
    Many fans of Diogenes of Sinope laud his parrhesia, free speech used for critique. However, Diogenes abused not only the powerful but also the socially marginalized. We argue that interpreters of Diogenes cannot explain away the undeniably troublesome things that Diogenes said about those at the margins. But we also argue that Diogenes ought nonetheless to be preserved. Some of his chreiai can be reminders of how to be courageous and fight for the downtrodden, and others can serve as reminders (...)
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  18. Augustine, Confessions (ca. 400).Scott MacDonald - 2003 - In Jorge J. E. Gracia, Gregory M. Reichberg & Bernard N. Schumacher (eds.), The Classics of Western Philosophy: A Reader's Guide. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 96.
     
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  19.  19
    Becoming and Being a Person through Others: African Philosophy’s Ubuntu and Aquinas’ mutual Indwelling in Comparative Discourse.Callum David Scott - 2023 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 79 (1-2):749-778.
    African Philosophy and St Thomas Aquinas have both been taught in African universities, but the engagement between the continent’s indigenous philosophical tradition and the Catholic intellectual tradition’s preeminent strand, has not been thorough. Presupposing that plural philosophical traditions contribute to the search to better understand, this research embarks upon a comparative analysis of the perspectives of the African ubuntu philosophy and Thomist philosophical conceptualisations of human becoming and being. Through analysis of dimensions of both traditions, it is contended that human (...)
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  20. Algorithm Evaluation Without Autonomy.Scott Hill - forthcoming - AI and Ethics.
    In Algorithms & Autonomy, Rubel, Castro, and Pham (hereafter RCP), argue that the concept of autonomy is especially central to understanding important moral problems about algorithms. In particular, autonomy plays a role in analyzing the version of social contract theory that they endorse. I argue that although RCP are largely correct in their diagnosis of what is wrong with the algorithms they consider, those diagnoses can be appropriated by moral theories RCP see as in competition with their autonomy based theory. (...)
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  21. IBE, GMR, and metaphysical projects.Scott Shalkowski - 2010 - In Bob Hale & Aviv Hoffmann (eds.), Modality: metaphysics, logic, and epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 167--187.
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  22. Epistemology.Scott Sturgeon, M. G. F. Martin & A. C. Grayling - 1995 - In A. C. Grayling (ed.), Philosophy: a guide through the subject. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  23. The Czech Republic: From the Center of Christendom to the Most Atheist Nation of the 21st Century: Part II: The Martyred Church: The Clandestine Catholic Church (Ecclesia Silentii) in Czechoslovakia After Communism 1991-2021.Scott Vitkovic - 2023 - Occassional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe (Opree) 43 (3):37-59.
    This manuscript consists of two parts, Part I. and Part II. Part I., written by the same author and titled "THE PERSECUTED CHURCH: THE CLANDESTINE CATHOLIC CHURCH (ECCLESIA SILENTII) IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA DURING COMMUNISM 1948 – 1991," was published in the January issue of the Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe (OPREE), ISSN: 2693-2148.2 It includes a brief historical overview and introduces the Clandestine Catholic Church (Ecclesia Silentii) in Czechoslovakia during Communism from 1948 to 1991. Part II. directly follows Part (...)
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  24.  41
    Cognitive Foundations of Natural History: Towards an Anthropology of Science.Scott Atran - 1990 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Inspired by a debate between Noam Chomsky and Jean Piaget, this work traces the development of natural history from Aristotle to Darwin, and demonstrates how the science of plants and animals has emerged from the common conceptions of folkbiology.
  25.  4
    Agar zindagī bāzī ast, īn qavānīnash ast.Chérie Carter-Scott - 2000 - Tihrān: Nashr-i Alburz. Edited by Mahdī Qarāchahʹdāghī & Maryam Bayāt.
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  26. North America.Scott Pratt - 1999 - In Ninian Smart (ed.), World philosophies. New York: Routledge.
     
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  27.  19
    The emergence of dialectical theory: philosophy and political inquiry.Scott Warren - 1984 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  28.  86
    What's wrong with bribery.Scott Turow - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (4):249 - 251.
    The article argues that bribery is wrong because it violates fundamental notion of equality and it undermines the vitality of the institutions affected.
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  29.  15
    Investigating interdisciplinary collaboration: theory and practice across disciplines.Scott Frickel, Mathieu Albert & Barbara Prainsack (eds.) - 2017 - New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.
    Universities in North America and Europe increasingly provide financial incentives to encourage collaboration between faculty in different disciplines, based on the premise that this yields more innovative and sophisticated research. Drawing from a wealth of empirical data, the contributors to Investigating Interdisciplinary Collaboration put that theory to the test. What they find reveals how interdisciplinarity is not living up to its potential, but also suggests how universities might foster more genuinely collaborative and productive research. Chapter 10 is available Open Access (...)
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  30. Epistemic Dilemmas, Epistemic Quasi-Dilemmas, and Quasi-Epistemic Dilemmas.Scott Stapleford & Kevin McCain - forthcoming - In Kevin McCain, Scott Stapleford & Matthias Steup (eds.), Epistemic Duties: New Arguments, New Angles. Routledge.
    In this paper we distinguish between epistemic dilemmas, epistemic quasi-dilemmas, and quasi epistemic dilemmas. Our starting point is the commonsense position that S faces a genuine dilemma only when S must take one of two paths and both are bad. It’s the “must” that we think is key. Moral dilemmas arise because there are cases where S must perform A and S must perform B—where ‘must’ implies a moral duty—but S cannot do both. In such a situation, S is doomed (...)
     
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  31. Semantics and psychology.Scott Soames - 1985 - In Jerrold J. Katz (ed.), The Philosophy of linguistics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 204.
     
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  32.  21
    Comments on BEQ’s Twentieth Anniversary Forum on New Directions for Business Ethics Research.Scott J. Reynolds - 2011 - Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (1):157-187.
    ABSTRACT:In 2010,Business Ethics Quarterlypublished ten articles that considered the potential contributions to business ethics research arising from recent scholarship in a variety of philosophical and social scientific fields (strategic management, political philosophy, restorative justice, international business, legal studies, ethical theory, ethical leadership studies, organization theory, marketing, and corporate governance and finance). Here we offer short responses to those articles by members ofBusiness Ethics Quarterly’s editorial board and editorial team.
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  33. A Case Study in the Problem of Policymaker Ignorance: Political Responses to COVID-19.Scott Scheall & Parker Crutchfield - 2021 - Cosmos + Taxis: Studies in Emergent Order and Organization 9 (5 + 6):18-28.
    We apply the analysis that we have developed over the course of several publications on the significance of ignorance for decision-making, especially in surrogate (and, thus, in political) contexts, to political decision-making, such as it has been, during the COVID-19 pandemic (see Scheall 2019; Crutchfield and Scheall 2019; Scheall and Crutchfield 2020; Scheall 2020). Policy responses to the coronavirus constitute a case study of the problem of policymaker ignorance. We argue that political responses to the virus cannot be explained by (...)
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  34.  44
    Principals in schools with a positive school culture.Nadine Engels, Gwendoline Hotton, Geert Devos, Dave Bouckenooghe & Antonia Aelterman - 2008 - Educational Studies 34 (3):159-174.
    This study focuses on the profile of principals who seem to be able to shape the school culture to best encourage teaching and learning. Data from a representative sample of primary schools (N = 46) were collected through questionnaires for principals and for teachers (N = 700) and semi?structured interviews with the principals. Functioning, well?being and personal characteristics of the principal, structural and cultural characteristics of school, and organisational context are examined. Compared to their opposites, principals in schools with cultures (...)
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  35.  41
    Francis Hutcheson: his life, teaching, and position in the history of philosophy.William Robert Scott - 1900 - Bristol, England: Thoemmes Press.
    The main aim of this work was initially a modest one, 'to collect information as to the main facts of Hutcheson's life in Dublin prior to his appointment as Professor at Glasgow'. As the materials grew, however, and Scott's interest in Hutcheson deepened, the planned article expanded into a book that has since become the standard biography. The emphasis throughout is on the development of Hurcheson's thought in the context of an ongoing debate with his contemporaries.
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  36. Authority.Scott Shapiro - 2002 - In Jules Coleman & Scott J. Shapiro (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law. Oxford University Press.
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  37. Kripke, the necessary a posteriori, and the two-dimensionalist heresy.Scott Soames - 2006 - In Garc (ed.), Two-Dimensional Semantics. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 272--292.
  38.  94
    Propositions and Attitudes.Nathan U. Salmon & Scott Soames (eds.) - 1988 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The concept of a proposition is important in several areas of philosophy and central to the philosophy of language. This collection of readings investigates many different philosophical issues concerning the nature of propositions and the ways they have been regarded through the years. Reflecting both the history of the topic and the range of contemporary views, the book includes articles from Bertrand Russell, Gottlob Frege, the Russell-Frege Correspondence, Alonzo Church, David Kaplan, John Perry, Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam, Mark Richard, (...) Soames, and Nathan Salmon. (shrink)
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  39. The Esse/Essentia Argument in Aquinas's De ente et essentia.Scott MacDonald - 2002 - In Brian Davies (ed.), Thomas Aquinas: contemporary philosophical perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press.
  40.  41
    Evolution and revolution in theories of legal reasoning: nineteenth century through the present.Scott Brewer (ed.) - 1998 - New York: Garland.
    This new collection illuminates and explains the political and moral importance in justifying the exercise of judicial power.Explores enduring questionsFocusing ...
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  41.  8
    Thinking through death.Scott Kramer & Kuang-Ming Wu (eds.) - 1988 - Malabar, FL: R.E. Krieger Pub. Co..
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  42. Algorithm Evaluation Without Autonomy.Scott Hill - forthcoming - AI and Ethics.
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  43.  6
    The language of difference.Charles E. Scott - 1987 - Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press.
  44.  11
    David Hume's humanity: the philosophy of common life and its limits.Scott Yenor - 2016 - New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Scott Yenor argues that David Hume's reputation as a skeptic is greatly exaggerated. In David Hume's Humanity, Yenor shows how Hume's skepticism is a moment leading Hume to defend a philosophy that is grounded in the inescapable assumptions of common life. Humane virtues reflect the proper reaction to the complex mixture of human faculties that define the human condition. These gentle virtues best find their home in the modern commercial republic, of which England is the leading example. Hume's defense (...)
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  45.  99
    Platonism and the Objects of Science.Scott Berman - 2020 - London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.
    What are the objects of science? Are they just the things in our scientific experiments that are located in space and time? Or does science also require that there be additional things that are not located in space and time? Using clear examples, these are just some of the questions that Scott Berman explores as he shows why alternative theories such as Nominalism, Contemporary Aristotelianism, Constructivism, and Classical Aristotelianism, fall short. He demonstrates why the objects of scientific knowledge need (...)
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  46. Algorithm Evaluation Without Autonomy.Scott Hill - forthcoming - AI and Ethics.
    In Algorithms & Autonomy, Rubel, Castro, and Pham (hereafter RCP), argue that the concept of autonomy is especially central to understanding important moral problems about algorithms. In particular, autonomy plays a role in analyzing the version of social contract theory that they endorse. I argue that although RCP are largely correct in their diagnosis of what is wrong with the algorithms they consider, those diagnoses can be appropriated by moral theories RCP see as in competition with their autonomy based theory. (...)
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  47. Algorithm Evaluation Without Autonomy.Scott Hill - forthcoming - AI and Ethics.
    In Algorithms & Autonomy, Rubel, Castro, and Pham (hereafter RCP), argue that the concept of autonomy is especially central to understanding important moral problems about algorithms. In particular, autonomy plays a role in analyzing the version of social contract theory that they endorse. I argue that although RCP are largely correct in their diagnosis of what is wrong with the algorithms they consider, those diagnoses can be appropriated by moral theories RCP see as in competition with their autonomy based theory. (...)
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  48. Algorithm Evaluation Without Autonomy.Scott Hill - forthcoming - AI and Ethics.
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  49. Algorithm Evaluation Without Autonomy.Scott Hill - forthcoming - AI and Ethics.
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  50. Algorithm Evaluation Without Autonomy.Scott Hill - forthcoming - AI and Ethics.
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