Results for 'Sean Mattie'

999 found
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  1.  13
    History of American Political Thought.John Agresto, John E. Alvis, Donald R. Brand, Paul O. Carrese, Laurence D. Cooper, Murray Dry, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Thomas S. Engeman, Christopher Flannery, Steven Forde, David Fott, David F. Forte, Matthew J. Franck, Bryan-Paul Frost, David Foster, Peter B. Josephson, Steven Kautz, John Koritansky, Peter Augustine Lawler, Howard L. Lubert, Harvey C. Mansfield, Jonathan Marks, Sean Mattie, James McClellan, Lucas E. Morel, Peter C. Meyers, Ronald J. Pestritto, Lance Robinson, Michael J. Rosano, Ralph A. Rossum, Richard S. Ruderman, Richard Samuelson, David Lewis Schaefer, Peter Schotten, Peter W. Schramm, Kimberly C. Shankman, James R. Stoner, Natalie Taylor, Aristide Tessitore, William Thomas, Daryl McGowan Tress, David Tucker, Eduardo A. Velásquez, Karl-Friedrich Walling, Bradley C. S. Watson, Melissa S. Williams, Delba Winthrop, Jean M. Yarbrough & Michael Zuckert - 2003 - Lexington Books.
    This book is a collection of secondary essays on America's most important philosophic thinkers—statesmen, judges, writers, educators, and activists—from the colonial period to the present. Each essay is a comprehensive introduction to the thought of a noted American on the fundamental meaning of the American regime.
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  2.  17
    Creative tensions: mutual responsiveness adapted to private sector research and development.Matti Sonck, Lotte Asveld, Laurens Landeweerd & Patricia Osseweijer - 2017 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 13 (1):1-24.
    The concept of mutual responsiveness is currently based on little empirical data in the literature of Responsible Research and Innovation. This paper explores RRI’s idea of mutual responsiveness in the light of recent RRI case studies on private sector research and development. In RRI, responsible innovation is understood as a joint endeavour of innovators and societal stakeholders, who become mutually responsive to each other in defining the ‘right impacts’ of the innovation in society, and in steering the innovation towards realising (...)
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  3. Children prioritize humans over animals less than adults do.Matti Wilks, Lucius Caviola, Guy Kahane & Paul Bloom - 2021 - Psychological Science 1 (32):27-38.
    Is the tendency to morally prioritize humans over animals weaker in children than adults? In two pre-registered studies (N = 622), 5- to 9-year-old children and adults were presented with moral dilemmas pitting varying numbers of humans against varying numbers of either dogs or pigs and were asked who should be saved. In both studies, children had a weaker tendency to prioritize humans over animals than adults. They often chose to save multiple dogs over one human, and many valued the (...)
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  4.  2
    Critical Studies in Philosophical Medical Ethics: Summary.Matti Häyry - 1990
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  5.  17
    The relation between the sense of agency and the experience of flow.Matti Vuorre & Janet Metcalfe - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 43:133-142.
  6.  9
    Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics.Matti Hayry - 1994 - New York: Routledge.
    _Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics_ explores the foundations of early utilitarianism and, at the same time, the theoretical bases of social ethics and policy in modern Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the main reason for utilitarianism's growing disrepute among moral philosophers is that its principles cannot legitimately be extended to situations where the basic needs of the individuals involved are in conflict. He is able to formulate a solution to this fundamental problem by arguing convincingly that by combining a (...)
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  7.  2
    Ethics in Biomedical Research: International Perspectives.Matti Häyry, Tuija Takala & Peter Herissone-Kelly (eds.) - 2007 - Brill | Rodopi.
    This book deals with the international assessment and regulation of biomedical research. In its chapters, some of the leading figures in today’s bioethics address questions centred on global development, scientific advances, and vulnerability. The series _Values In Bioethics_ makes available original philosophical books in all areas of bioethics, including medical and nursing ethics, health care ethics, research ethics, environmental ethics, and global bioethics.
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  8.  9
    What about investors? ESG analyses as tools for ethics-based AI auditing.Matti Minkkinen, Anniina Niukkanen & Matti Mäntymäki - 2024 - AI and Society 39 (1):329-343.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) governance and auditing promise to bridge the gap between AI ethics principles and the responsible use of AI systems, but they require assessment mechanisms and metrics. Effective AI governance is not only about legal compliance; organizations can strive to go beyond legal requirements by proactively considering the risks inherent in their AI systems. In the past decade, investors have become increasingly active in advancing corporate social responsibility and sustainability practices. Including nonfinancial information related to environmental, social, and (...)
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  9. Metaontology.Matti Eklund - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 1 (3):317-334.
    Metaontology – the study of the nature of ontological issues – has flourished in recent years. The focus of this summary will be on some views and arguments that are central to today’s debate. One theme will be that of how seriously to take ontology: whether there is reason to take a skeptical or deflationary attitude toward ontological claims, as theorists like Rudolf Carnap, Hilary Putnam, and Eli Hirsch in different ways have urged. The other theme will be that of (...)
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  10.  10
    Ultimate Relativism.Matti Kamppinen & Antti Revonsuo - 1993 - In Consciousness, Cognitive Schemata, and Relativism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 229--242.
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  11.  24
    “What’s that?” “What Went Wrong?” Positive and Negative Surprise and the Rostral–Ventral to Caudal–Dorsal Functional Gradient in the Brain.Mattie Tops & Maarten A. S. Boksem - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  12. Sean Coyle.Sean Coyle - 1999 - Legal Theory 5 (4):389-413.
     
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  13. Normitulva: määrällisiä näkökohtia.Matti Wiberg - 2010 - In Kristian Klockars, Ilkka Niiniluoto & Kristina Rolin (eds.), Oikeus. University of Helsinki. pp. 2--177.
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  14. Philosophical Arguments for and Against Human Reproductive Cloning.Matti Häyry - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (5-6):447-460.
    ABSTRACT Can philosophers come up with persuasive reasons to allow or to ban human reproductive cloning? Yes. Can philosophers agree, locally and temporarily, which practices related to cloning should be condoned and which should be rejected? Some of them can. Can philosophers produce universally convincing arguments for or against different kinds of human cloning? No. This paper analyses some of the main arguments presented by philosophers in the cloning debate, and some of the most important objections against them. The clashes (...)
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  15.  14
    Phonotactic cues for segmentation of fluent speech by infants.Sven L. Mattys & Peter W. Jusczyk - 2001 - Cognition 78 (2):91-121.
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  16. Music and the living brain.Matti Bergström - forthcoming - Acta Philosophica Fennica.
     
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  17. Short literature notices.Matti Hayry Chadwick & Walter Glannon - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7:347-357.
     
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  18.  4
    Ver el tiempo.Felipe Andrés Matti - 2023 - Cuadernos Filosóficos / Segunda Época 20.
    Este trabajo tiene como objetivo investigar el vínculo entre la imagen óptico-sonora pura y el Aión. Para ello, se propone como hipótesis principal la situación óptica-sonora pura es el puntapié inicial para adquirir una imagen directa del tiempo. En efecto, dicha imagen sería la del Aión, base del tiempo cronológico. La situación óptico-sonora pura describe el momento en el que ya no hay percepción seguida de acción, dando lugar a la percepción de la interioridad del tiempo fundamental. Por lo tanto, (...)
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  19.  41
    Matti Sintonen, Review of Error and the Growth of Experimental Knowledge by Deborah Mayo. [REVIEW]Matti Sintonen - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):370-372.
  20. ‘Naturalism’ and ‘Skepticism’ in Hume'sTreatise of Human Nature.Sean Greenberg - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (4):721-733.
    Hume begins the Treatise of Human Nature by announcing the goal of developing a science of man; by the end of Book 1 of the Treatise, the science of man seems to founder in doubt. Underlying the tension between Hume's constructive ambition – his 'naturalism'– and his doubts about that ambition – his 'skepticism'– is the question of whether Hume is justified in continuing his philosophical project. In this paper, I explain how this question emerges in the final section of (...)
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  21.  26
    Something Deeply Hidden: Quantum Worlds and the Emergence of Spacetime.Sean M. Carroll - 2019 - New York, USA: Dutton.
    A non-technical introduction to quantum mechanics, the Everett interpretation, and the emergence of spacetime.
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  22.  27
    Another Look at Dignity.Matti Häyry - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (1):7-14.
    With the considerable attention given to UNESCO's Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, the time has come to take another look at the concept of dignity, on which this document is morally founded. The term “dignity” now appears in many national constitutions and international bioethical statements. It has also become popular among Continental European ethicists, many of whom wish to challenge the particularly American and overtly individualistic principles of “autonomy,” “justice,” “beneficence,” and “nonmaleficence.” a.
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  23. Les réformes socioreligieuses intervenues après la déposition de Rabban Gamaliel de la présidence de l'Académie de Yabneh.Matty Cohen - 1996 - Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 76 (4):397-414.
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  24. Ségrégationnisme et intégrationisme comme mobiles sous-jacents à l'antinomie de Dt 14, 21 et Lv 17, 15-16.Matty Cohen - 1993 - Revue D'Histoire Et de Philosophie Religieuses 73 (2):113-129.
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  25.  2
    Modern jurisprudence: a philosophical guide.Sean Coyle - 2014 - New York: Hart.
    This textbook presents a clear exploration of the historical developments and ideas that give modern thinking its distinctive shape. It guides students through the rival standpoints on jurisprudence from the origins of Western jurisprudential thought and the classical tradition to the emergence of 'modern' political thought. Chapters on Hart, Fuller, Rawls, Dworkin and Finnis lead the reader systematically through the terrain of modern legal philosophy, tracing the issues back to fundamental questions of philosophy, and indicating lines of criticism that result (...)
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  26.  2
    An extended view on lifting Gaussian Bayesian networks.Mattis Hartwig, Ralf Möller & Tanya Braun - 2024 - Artificial Intelligence 330 (C):104082.
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  27.  57
    Clues, margins, and monads: The micro–macro link in historical research.Matti Peltonen - 2001 - History and Theory 40 (3):347–359.
    This article discusses the new microhistory of the 1970s and 1980s in terms of the concept of exceptional typical, and contrasts the new microhistory to old microhistory, in which the relationship between micro and macro levels of phenomena was defined by means of the concepts of exceptionality and typicality. The focus of the essay is on Carlo Ginzburg's method of clues, Walter Benjamin's idea of monads, and Michel de Certeau's concept of margins. The new microhistory is also compared with methodological (...)
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  28.  33
    Precaution and solidarity.Matti Häyry - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (2):199-206.
    Health care services are constantly assessed by their ability to accommodate values popular in contemporary societies. Autonomy, justice, and human dignity have for some time been among such values in the affluent West. Relative newcomers in the field are the notions of and which seem to attract, in particular, Continental European ethicists. a.
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  29.  16
    A model-based approach to social ontology.Matti Sarkia - 2021 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 52 (3):175-203.
    This paper argues for theoretical modeling and model-construction as central types of activities that philosophers of social ontology engage in. This claim is defended through a detailed case study and revisionary interpretation of Raimo Tuomela’s account of the we-perspective. My interpretation is grounded in Ronald Giere’s account of scientific models, and argued to be compatible with, but less demanding than Tuomela’s own description of his account as a philosophical theory of the social world. My approach is also suggested to be (...)
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  30.  18
    Modeling intentional agency: a neo-Gricean framework.Matti Sarkia - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):7003-7030.
    This paper analyzes three contrasting strategies for modeling intentional agency in contemporary analytic philosophy of mind and action, and draws parallels between them and similar strategies of scientific model-construction. Gricean modeling involves identifying primitive building blocks of intentional agency, and building up from such building blocks to prototypically agential behaviors. Analogical modeling is based on picking out an exemplary type of intentional agency, which is used as a model for other agential types. Theoretical modeling involves reasoning about intentional agency in (...)
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  31.  13
    Knowledge socialism in the COVID-19 era: A collective exploration of needs, forms, and possibilities.Sean Sturm, Liz Jackson, Ogunyemi Folasade Bolanle, Yuhan Jiang, Artem Samilo, Anum Riaz, Tahira Yasmeen, Paola Guañuna, Yodpet Worapot, Moses Oladele Ogunniran, Hazzan Moses Kayode, Stephanie Hollings & Daniel E. Crain - 2022 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 54 (6):761-782.
    The inspiration for this collective writing project began with a digital conference entitled ‘Knowledge Socialism, COVID-19 and the New Reality of Education’ held at Beijing Normal University. In this conference and through this article, multiple researchers spread across six continents have engaged in the collaborative task of outlining emerging innovations and alternative contingencies towards education, international collaboration, and digital reform in this time of global crisis. Trends associated with digital education, knowledge openness, peer production, and collective intelligence as articulated by (...)
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  32.  3
    Scary God: introducing the fear of the Lord to the postmodern church.Mattie Montgomery - 2018 - Nashville: Emanate Books.
    Discover the great wonder and wild freedom the fear of the Lord can bring. What does the Bible mean when it says we are to fear God' Is it difficult for you to reconcile the two sides of God's nature'His wrath and His love' Mattie Montgomery teaches that a right pursuit of the fear, fire, and fullness of God can lead you into the knowledge of a side of God you may never have imagined before. He notes that the (...)
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  33.  7
    Kant on Language, Communication and Objective Judgment.Matti Saarni - 2023 - Kant Yearbook 15 (1):135-151.
    This paper explicates the role of language and communication in Kant’s account of objective judgment and objective reference. I take it that the basic units of proper objective reference for Kant are objective judgments, which according to Kant are acts of relating given cognitions to other cognitions in the unity of apperception. The question is, does language play any role in this activity, or is this activity reflected in language somehow? I argue that, unlike early critics such as Herder and (...)
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  34. Consciousness and the Laws of Physics.Sean M. Carroll - 2021 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 28 (9-10):16-31.
    We have a much better understanding of physics than we do of consciousness. I consider ways in which intrinsically mental aspects of fundamental ontology might induce modifications of the known laws of physics, or whether they could be relevant to accounting for consciousness if no such modifications exist. I suggest that our current knowledge of physics should make us skeptical of hypothetical modifications of the known rules, and that without such modifications it’s hard to imagine how intrinsically mental aspects could (...)
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  35.  3
    Cooperation and Social Rules Emerging From the Principle of Surprise Minimization.Mattis Hartwig & Achim Peters - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The surprise minimization principle has been applied to explain various cognitive processes in humans. Originally describing perceptual and active inference, the framework has been applied to different types of decision making including long-term policies, utility maximization and exploration. This analysis extends the application of surprise minimization to a multi-agent setup and shows how it can explain the emergence of social rules and cooperation. We further show that in social decision-making and political policy design, surprise minimization is superior in many aspects (...)
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  36. Why Boltzmann Brains Are Bad.Sean M. Carroll - 2020 - In Shamik Dasgupta, Brad Weslake & Ravit Dotan (eds.), Current Controversies in Philosophy of Science. Routledge. pp. 7-20.
    Some modern cosmological models predict the appearance of Boltzmann Brains: observers who randomly fluctuate out of a thermal bath rather than naturally evolving from a low-entropy Big Bang. A theory in which most observers are of the Boltzmann Brain type is generally thought to be unacceptable, although opinions differ. I argue that such theories are indeed unacceptable: the real problem is with fluctuations into observers who are locally identical to ordinary observers, and their existence cannot be swept under the rug (...)
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  37.  5
    The “g” in Faking: Doublethink the Validity of Personality Self-Report Measures for Applicant Selection.Mattis Geiger, Sally Olderbak, Ramona Sauter & Oliver Wilhelm - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  38.  26
    An Exchange on "The Norton Anthology of English Literature" and Sean Shesgreen: VIII. Anthologies and Sausages.Sean Shesgreen - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (4):1085.
  39.  25
    Overcoming Barriers to Cross-cultural Cooperation in AI Ethics and Governance.Seán S. ÓhÉigeartaigh, Jess Whittlestone, Yang Liu, Yi Zeng & Zhe Liu - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (4):571-593.
    Achieving the global benefits of artificial intelligence (AI) will require international cooperation on many areas of governance and ethical standards, while allowing for diverse cultural perspectives and priorities. There are many barriers to achieving this at present, including mistrust between cultures, and more practical challenges of coordinating across different locations. This paper focuses particularly on barriers to cooperation between Europe and North America on the one hand and East Asia on the other, as regions which currently have an outsized impact (...)
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  40.  46
    Minimalism and Maximalism in the Study of Shared Intentional Action.Matti Heinonen - 2016 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (2):168-188.
    I distinguish two kinds of contribution that have been made by recent minimalist accounts of joint action in philosophy and cognitive science relative to established philosophical accounts of shared intentional action. The “complementarists” seek to analyze a functionally different kind of joint action from the kind of joint action that is analyzed by established philosophical accounts of shared intentional action. The “constitutionalists” seek to expose mechanisms that make performing joint actions possible, without taking a definite stance on which functional characterization (...)
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  41.  46
    From Eternity to Here: The Quest for the Ultimate Theory of Time.Sean Carroll - 2010 - Dutton.
    This book provides an account of the nature of time, especially time's arrow and the role of entropy, at a semi-popular level. Special attention is given to statistical mechanics, the past hypothesis, and possible cosmological explanations thereof.
  42.  90
    The Big Picture: On the Origins of Life, Meaning, and the Universe Itself.Sean Carroll - 2016 - Dutton.
    I discuss "Poetic Naturalism" -- there is only one world, the natural world, but there are many ways of talking about it -- both as a general concept, and how it accounts for our actual world. I talk about emergence, fundamental physics, entropy and complexity, the origins of life and consciousness, and moral constructivism.
  43.  10
    Bayesian models of cognition revisited: Setting optimality aside and letting data drive psychological theory.Sean Tauber, Daniel J. Navarro, Amy Perfors & Mark Steyvers - 2017 - Psychological Review 124 (4):410-441.
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  44.  23
    Subjective effort derives from a neurological monitor of performance costs and physiological resources.Mattie Tops, Maarten As Boksem & Sander L. Koole - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):703-704.
  45. Reality as a Vector in Hilbert Space.Sean M. Carroll - 2022 - In Valia Allori (ed.), Quantum Mechanics and Fundamentality: Naturalizing Quantum Theory between Scientific Realism and Ontological Indeterminacy. Copenhagen: Springer Cham. pp. 211-224.
    I defend the extremist position that the fundamental ontology of the world consists of a vector in Hilbert space evolving according to the Schrödinger equation. The laws of physics are determined solely by the energy eigenspectrum of the Hamiltonian. The structure of our observed world, including space and fields living within it, should arise as a higher-level emergent description. I sketch how this might come about, although much work remains to be done.
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  46.  9
    Commentary: Intranasal Oxytocin Treatment Increases Eye-Gaze Behavior toward the Owner in Ancient Japanese Dog Breeds.Mattie Tops, Stephan C. J. Huijbregts & Femke T. A. Buisman-Pijlman - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  47.  14
    The pragmatics of scientific explanation.Matti Sintonen - 1984 - Helsinki: Academic Bookstore [distributor].
  48.  11
    An Arabic Version of the Testimonium Flavianum and Its Implications.Matti Moosa & Shlomo Pines - 1973 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 93 (4):562.
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  49.  17
    A New Source on Ahmad ibn al-Tayyib al-Sara kh si: Florentine MS Arabic 299.Matti Moosa - 1972 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 (1):19.
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  50.  8
    Naguib Mahfouz, a Bibliography: Arabic, English, French.Matti Moosa & Ragai N. Makar - 1992 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 112 (3):544.
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