Results for 'Sebastiaan Rietjens'

63 found
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  1.  21
    Military Engagement in Civilian Healthcare; an Ethical Perspective.Peter Olsthoorn, Myriame Bollen, Sebastiaan Rietjens & Masood Khalil - 2012 - In Robert Beeres, Jan van der Meulen, Joseph Soeters & Ad Vogelaar (eds.), Mission Uruzgan. Collaborating in Multiple Coalitions for Afghanistan. Amsterdam, Nederland: pp. 251-264.
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  2.  36
    Two Decades of Research on Euthanasia From the Netherlands. What Have We Learnt and What Questions Remain?Judith Ac Rietjens, Paul J. van der Maas, Bregje D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Johannes Jm van Delden & Agnes van der Heide - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):271-283.
    Two decades of research on euthanasia in the Netherlands have resulted into clear insights in the frequency and characteristics of euthanasia and other medical end-of-life decisions in the Netherlands. These empirical studies have contributed to the quality of the public debate, and to the regulating and public control of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. No slippery slope seems to have occurred. Physicians seem to adhere to the criteria for due care in the large majority of cases. Further, it has been shown (...)
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  3.  11
    Two Decades of Research on Euthanasia From the Netherlands. What Have We Learnt and What Questions Remain?Judith Rietjens, Paul Maas, Bregje Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Johannes Delden & Agnes Heide - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):271-283.
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  4.  72
    News Media Coverage of Euthanasia: A Content Analysis of Dutch National Newspapers.Judith Ac Rietjens, Natasja Jh Raijmakers, Pauline Sc Kouwenhoven, Clive Seale, Ghislaine Jmw van Thiel, Margo Trappenburg, Johannes Jm van Delden & Agnes van der Heide - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):11.
    The Netherlands is one of the few countries where euthanasia is legal under strict conditions. This study investigates whether Dutch newspaper articles use the term ‘euthanasia’ according to the legal definition and determines what arguments for and against euthanasia they contain.
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  5.  31
    Judgement of Suffering in the Case of a Euthanasia Request in The Netherlands.J. A. C. Rietjens, D. G. van Tol, M. Schermer & A. van der Heide - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):502-507.
    Introduction: In The Netherlands, physicians have to be convinced that the patient suffers unbearably and hopelessly before granting a request for euthanasia. The extent to which general practitioners (GPs), consulted physicians and members of the euthanasia review committees judge this criterion similarly was evaluated. Methods: 300 GPs, 150 consultants and 27 members of review committees were sent a questionnaire with patient descriptions. Besides a “standard case” of a patient with physical suffering and limited life expectancy, the descriptions included cases in (...)
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  6.  29
    Constructive Logic and the Medvedev Lattice.Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2006 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (1):73-82.
    We study the connection between factors of the Medvedev lattice and constructive logic. The algebraic properties of these factors determine logics lying in between intuitionistic propositional logic and the logic of the weak law of the excluded middle (also known as De Morgan, or Jankov, logic). We discuss the relation between the weak law of the excluded middle and the algebraic notion of join-reducibility. Finally we discuss autoreducible degrees.
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  7.  84
    Computational Randomness and Lowness.Sebastiaan A. Terwijn & Domenico Zambella - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (3):1199-1205.
    We prove that there are uncountably many sets that are low for the class of Schnorr random reals. We give a purely recursion theoretic characterization of these sets and show that they all have Turing degree incomparable to 0'. This contrasts with a result of Kučera and Terwijn [5] on sets that are low for the class of Martin-Löf random reals.
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  8.  9
    Unpacking Functional Experience Complementarities in Senior Leaders’ Influences on CSR Strategy: A CEO–Top Management Team Approach.Marko Reimer, Sebastiaan Van Doorn & Mariano L. M. Heyden - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 151 (4):977-995.
    In this study, we examine the influence of senior leadership on firms’ corporate social responsibility. We integrate upper echelons research that has investigated either the influence of the CEO or the top management team on CSR. We contend that functional experience complementarity between CEOs and TMTs in formulating and implementing CSR strategy may underlie differentiated strategies in CSR. We find that when CEOs who have predominant experience in output functions are complemented by TMTs with a lower proportion of members who (...)
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  9. Governing Through Multiple Forums: The Global Safety Regulation of Genetically Modified Crops and Foods.Sebastiaan Princen - 2006 - In Mathias Koenig-Archibugi & Michael Zürn (eds.), New Modes of Governance in the Global System: Exploring Publicness, Delegation and Inclusiveness. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 52--76.
     
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  10.  24
    The Medvedev Lattice of Computably Closed Sets.Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2006 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 45 (2):179-190.
    Simpson introduced the lattice of Π0 1 classes under Medvedev reducibility. Questions regarding completeness in are related to questions about measure and randomness. We present a solution to a question of Simpson about Medvedev degrees of Π0 1 classes of positive measure that was independently solved by Simpson and Slaman. We then proceed to discuss connections to constructive logic. In particular we show that the dual of does not allow an implication operator (i.e. that is not a Heyting algebra). We (...)
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  11.  7
    Generalizations of the Recursion Theorem.Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2018 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 83 (4):1683-1690.
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  12.  12
    On the Structure of the Medvedev Lattice.Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2008 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (2):543 - 558.
    We investigate the structure of the Medvedev lattice as a partial order. We prove that every interval in the lattice is either finite, in which case it is isomorphic to a finite Boolean algebra, or contains an antichain of size $2^{2^{\aleph }0}$ , the size of the lattice itself. We also prove that it is consistent with ZFC that the lattice has chains of size $2^{2^{\aleph }0}$ , and in fact these big chains occur in every infinite interval. We also (...)
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  13.  79
    Two Decades of Research on Euthanasia From the Netherlands. What Have We Learnt and What Questions Remain?and Agnes van der Heide Judith A. C. Rietjens, Paul J. Van der Maas, Bregje D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Johannes J. M. Van Delden - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):271.
    Two decades of research on euthanasia in the Netherlands have resulted into clear insights in the frequency and characteristics of euthanasia and other medical end-of-life decisions in the Netherlands. These empirical studies have contributed to the quality of the public debate, and to the regulating and public control of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. No slippery slope seems to have occurred. Physicians seem to adhere to the criteria for due care in the large majority of cases. Further, it has been shown (...)
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  14.  11
    Unpacking Functional Experience Complementarities in Senior Leaders’ Influences on CSR Strategy: A CEO–Top Management Team Approach.Mariano Heyden, Sebastiaan Doorn & Marko Reimer - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 151 (4):977-995.
    In this study, we examine the influence of senior leadership on firms’ corporate social responsibility. We integrate upper echelons research that has investigated either the influence of the CEO or the top management team on CSR. We contend that functional experience complementarity between CEOs and TMTs in formulating and implementing CSR strategy may underlie differentiated strategies in CSR. We find that when CEOs who have predominant experience in output functions are complemented by TMTs with a lower proportion of members who (...)
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  15.  7
    Fixed Point Theorems for Precomplete Numberings.Henk Barendregt & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2019 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 170 (10):1151-1161.
    In the context of his theory of numberings, Ershov showed that Kleene's recursion theorem holds for any precomplete numbering. We discuss various generalizations of this result. Among other things, we show that Arslanov's completeness criterion also holds for every precomplete numbering, and we discuss the relation with Visser's ADN theorem, as well as the uniformity or nonuniformity of the various fixed point theorems. Finally, we base numberings on partial combinatory algebras and prove a generalization of Ershov's theorem in this context.
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  16.  7
    Large Pupils Predict Goal-Driven Eye Movements.Sebastiaan Mathôt, Alisha Siebold, Mieke Donk & Françoise Vitu - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (3):513-521.
  17.  5
    Leslie Topp. Freedom and the Cage: Modern Architecture and Psychiatry in Central Europe, 1890–1914. Xxii + 232 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2017. $99.95. [REVIEW]Sebastiaan Broere - 2018 - Isis 109 (1):202-203.
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  18.  23
    Approaches to Suffering at the End of Life: The Use of Sedation in the USA and Netherlands: Table 1.Judith A. C. Rietjens, Jennifer R. Voorhees, Agnes van der Heide & Margaret A. Drickamer - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (4):235-240.
    Background Studies describing physicians’ experiences with sedation at the end of life are indispensible for informed palliative care practice, but they are scarce. We describe the accounts of physicians from the USA and the Netherlands, two countries with different regulations on end-of-life decisions regarding their use of sedation.Methods Qualitative face-to-face interviews were held in 2007–2008 with 36 physicians , including primary care physicians and specialists. We applied purposive sampling and conducted constant comparative analyses.Results In both countries, the use of sedation (...)
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  19.  6
    The Ancient Topography of Eastern Phocis. [REVIEW]Sebastiaan Bommelje & J. M. Fossey - 1988 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 108:262-262.
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  20.  16
    Intermediate Logics and Factors of the Medvedev Lattice.Andrea Sorbi & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 155 (2):69-85.
    We investigate the initial segments of the Medvedev lattice as Brouwer algebras, and study the propositional logics connected to them.
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  21.  27
    Estimating the Potential Life-Shortening Effect of Continuous Sedation Until Death: A Comparison Between Two Approaches.Sophie Bruinsma, Judith Rietjens, Siebe Swart, Roberto Perez & Johannes van Delden - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (7):458-462.
    Context In some cases, physicians estimate that continuous sedation until death may have a life-shortening effect. The accuracy of these estimations can be questioned.Aim The aim of this study is to compare two approaches to estimate the potential life-shortening effect of continuous sedation until death.Methods In 2008, 370 Dutch physicians filled out a questionnaire and reported on their last patient who received continuous sedation until death. The potential life-shortening effect of continuous sedation was estimated through a direct approach and an (...)
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  22. Folteren met schone handen? Over het verraderlijke karakter van enhanced interrogation techniques.Sebastiaan Garvelink - 2009 - Filosofie En Praktijk 30 (2):18.
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  23.  31
    Kripke Models, Distributive Lattices, and Medvedev Degrees.Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2007 - Studia Logica 85 (3):319-332.
    We define a variant of the standard Kripke semantics for intuitionistic logic, motivated by the connection between constructive logic and the Medvedev lattice. We show that while the new semantics is still complete, it gives a simple and direct correspondence between Kripke models and algebraic structures such as factors of the Medvedev lattice.
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  24.  3
    On Brouwer.Markus Sebastiaan Paul Rogier van Atten & Mark van Atten - 2004 - Wadsworth Publishing Company.
    ON BROUWER, like other titles in the Wadsworth Philosopher's Series, offers a concise, yet comprehensive, introduction to this philosopher's most important ideas. Presenting the most important insights of well over a hundred seminal philosophers in both the Eastern and Western traditions, the Wadsworth Philosophers Series contains volumes written by scholars noted for their excellence in teaching and for their well-versed comprehension of each featured philosopher's major works and contributions. These titles have proven valuable in a number of ways. Serving as (...)
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  25.  21
    Factors That Facilitate or Constrain the Use of Continuous Sedation at the End of Life by Physicians and Nurses in Belgium: Results From a Focus Group Study.Kasper Raus, Livia Anquinet, Judith Rietjens, Luc Deliens, Freddy Mortier & Sigrid Sterckx - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (4):230-234.
    Continuous sedation at the end of life is the practice whereby a physician uses sedatives to reduce or take away a patient's consciousness until death. Although the incidence of CS is rising, as of yet little research has been conducted on how the administration of CS is experienced by medical practitioners. Existing research shows that many differences exist between medical practitioners regarding how and how often they perform CS. We conducted a focus group study to find out which factors may (...)
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  26. August Wilhelm Rehberg.Sebastiaan Tijsterman - 2012 - In Thierry Baudet & Michiel Visser (eds.), Revolutionair Verval En de Conservatieve Vooruitgang in de Achttiende En Negentiende Eeuw. Bakker.
     
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  27.  6
    Computability in Partial Combinatory Algebras.Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2020 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 26 (3-4):224-240.
    We prove a number of elementary facts about computability in partial combinatory algebras. We disprove a suggestion made by Kreisel about using Friedberg numberings to construct extensional pca’s. We then discuss separability and elements without total extensions. We relate this to Ershov’s notion of precompleteness, and we show that precomplete numberings are not 1–1 in general.
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  28.  20
    Lowness for the Class of Random Sets.Antonín Kučera & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1396-1402.
    A positive answer to a question of M. van Lambalgen and D. Zambella whether there exist nonrecursive sets that are low for the class of random sets is obtained. Here a set A is low for the class RAND of random sets if RAND = RAND A.
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  29. Two Decades of Research on Euthanasia From the Netherlands. What Have We Learnt and What Questions Remain?A. C. Rietjens Judith, J. Der Maas Pauvanl, D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen Bregje, J. M. Delden Johannevans & Agnes van der Heide - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3).
    Two decades of research on euthanasia in the Netherlands have resulted into clear insights in the frequency and characteristics of euthanasia and other medical end-of-life decisions in the Netherlands. These empirical studies have contributed to the quality of the public debate, and to the regulating and public control of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. No slippery slope seems to have occurred. Physicians seem to adhere to the criteria for due care in the large majority of cases. Further, it has been shown (...)
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  30.  66
    Calibrating Randomness.Rod Downey, Denis R. Hirschfeldt, André Nies & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2006 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 12 (3):411-491.
    We report on some recent work centered on attempts to understand when one set is more random than another. We look at various methods of calibration by initial segment complexity, such as those introduced by Solovay [125], Downey, Hirschfeldt, and Nies [39], Downey, Hirschfeldt, and LaForte [36], and Downey [31]; as well as other methods such as lowness notions of Kučera and Terwijn [71], Terwijn and Zambella [133], Nies [101, 100], and Downey, Griffiths, and Reid [34]; higher level randomness notions (...)
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  31.  17
    Arithmetical Measure.Sebastiaan A. Terwijn & Leen Torenvliet - 1998 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 44 (2):277-286.
    We develop arithmetical measure theory along the lines of Lutz [10]. This yields the same notion of measure 0 set as considered before by Martin-Löf, Schnorr, and others. We prove that the class of sets constructible by r.e.-constructors, a direct analogue of the classes Lutz devised his resource bounded measures for in [10], is not equal to RE, the class of r.e. sets, and we locate this class exactly in terms of the common recursion-theoretic reducibilities below K. We note that (...)
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  32.  28
    Generalizations of the Weak Law of the Excluded Middle.Andrea Sorbi & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2015 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 56 (2):321-331.
    We study a class of formulas generalizing the weak law of the excluded middle and provide a characterization of these formulas in terms of Kripke frames and Brouwer algebras. We use these formulas to separate logics corresponding to factors of the Medvedev lattice.
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  33.  2
    The noneffectivity of Arslanov’s completeness criterion and related theorems.Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2020 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 59 (5-6):703-713.
    We discuss the effectivity of Arslanov’s completeness criterion. In particular, we show that a parameterized version, similar to the recursion theorem with parameters, fails. We also discuss the effectivity of another extension of the recursion theorem, namely Visser’s ADN theorem, as well as that of a joint generalization of the ADN theorem and Arslanov’s completeness criterion.
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  34.  23
    Johannes Climacus Reads the Tractatus.Sebastiaan A. Verschuren - 2014 - Wittgenstein-Studien 5 (1).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Wittgenstein-Studien Jahrgang: 5 Heft: 1 Seiten: 57-88.
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  35.  27
    Model Theory of Measure Spaces and Probability Logic.Rutger Kuyper & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (3):367-393.
    We study the model-theoretic aspects of a probability logic suited for talking about measure spaces. This nonclassical logic has a model theory rather different from that of classical predicate logic. In general, not every satisfiable set of sentences has a countable model, but we show that one can always build a model on the unit interval. Also, the probability logic under consideration is not compact. However, using ultraproducts we can prove a compactness theorem for a certain class of weak models.
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  36.  15
    Wolfgang Kienzler: Ludwig Wittgensteins „Philosophische Untersuchungen“.Sebastiaan A. Verschuren - 2011 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 64 (2):150.
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  37.  11
    Wulf Kellerwessel: Wittgensteins Sprachphilosophie in den ‚Philosophischen Untersuchungen‘ – Eine kommentierende Ersteinführung.Sebastiaan A. Verschuren - 2012 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 65 (3):210-217.
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  38.  36
    Opinions About Euthanasia and Advanced Dementia: A Qualitative Study Among Dutch Physicians and Members of the General Public.Pauline S. C. Kouwenhoven, Natasja J. H. Raijmakers, Johannes J. M. van Delden, Judith A. C. Rietjens, Donald G. Van Tol, Suzanne van de Vathorst, Nienke de Graeff, Heleen A. M. Weyers, Agnes van der Heide & Ghislaine J. M. W. van Thiel - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):7.
    The Dutch law states that a physician may perform euthanasia according to a written advance euthanasia directive when a patient is incompetent as long as all legal criteria of due care are met. This may also hold for patients with advanced dementia. We investigated the differing opinions of physicians and members of the general public on the acceptability of euthanasia in patients with advanced dementia.
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  39. Ordinal Analysis of Partial Combinatory Algebras.Paul Shafer & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2021 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 86 (3):1154-1188.
    For every partial combinatory algebra, we define a hierarchy of extensionality relations using ordinals. We investigate the closure ordinals of pca’s, i.e., the smallest ordinals where these relations become equal. We show that the closure ordinal of Kleene’s first model is ${\omega _1^{\textit {CK}}}$ and that the closure ordinal of Kleene’s second model is $\omega _1$. We calculate the exact complexities of the extensionality relations in Kleene’s first model, showing that they exhaust the hyperarithmetical hierarchy. We also discuss embeddings of (...)
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  40.  8
    Rethinking the European Social Market Economy: Introduction to the Special Issue.Rutger Claassen, Anna Gerbrandy, Sebastiaan Princen & Mathieu Segers - 2019 - Journal of Common Market Studies 57 (1):3-12.
    This contribution offers an introduction to the Special Issue 'Rethinking the European Social Market Economy'. It places the Special Issue against the background of the debate on free markets versus social protection in the European Union and the inclusion of the notion of 'social market economy' in the Treaty on European Union. It sketches the meaning and development of the social market economy concept, and introduces the key questions underlying this Special Issue and the contributions included in it.
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  41.  53
    Reporting of Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide in the Netherlands: Descriptive Study.Hilde Buiting, Johannes van Delden, Bregje Onwuteaka-Philpsen, Judith Rietjens, Mette Rurup, Donald van Tol, Joseph Gevers, Paul van der Maas & Agnes van der Heide - 2009 - BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):18-.
    BackgroundAn important principle underlying the Dutch Euthanasia Act is physicians' responsibility to alleviate patients' suffering. The Dutch Act states that euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide are not punishable if the attending physician acts in accordance with criteria of due care. These criteria concern the patient's request, the patient's suffering (unbearable and hopeless), the information provided to the patient, the presence of reasonable alternatives, consultation of another physician and the applied method of ending life. To demonstrate their compliance, the Act requires physicians (...)
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  42.  47
    Dutch Criteria of Due Care for Physician-Assisted Dying in Medical Practice: A Physician Perspective.H. M. Buiting, J. K. M. Gevers, J. A. C. Rietjens, B. D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen, P. J. van der Maas, A. van der Heide & J. J. M. van Delden - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):e12-e12.
    Introduction: The Dutch Euthanasia Act states that euthanasia is not punishable if the attending physician acts in accordance with the statutory due care criteria. These criteria hold that: there should be a voluntary and well-considered request, the patient’s suffering should be unbearable and hopeless, the patient should be informed about their situation, there are no reasonable alternatives, an independent physician should be consulted, and the method should be medically and technically appropriate. This study investigates whether physicians experience problems with these (...)
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  43.  29
    Assistance in Dying for Older People Without a Serious Medical Condition Who Have a Wish to Die: A National Cross-Sectional Survey.Natasja J. H. Raijmakers, Agnes van der Heide, Pauline S. C. Kouwenhoven, Ghislaine J. M. W. van Thiel, Johannes J. M. van Delden & Judith A. C. Rietjens - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (2):145-150.
  44.  8
    On Partial Randomness.Cristian S. Calude, Ludwig Staiger & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2006 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 138 (1):20-30.
    If is a random sequence, then the sequence is clearly not random; however, seems to be “about half random”. L. Staiger [Kolmogorov complexity and Hausdorff dimension, Inform. and Comput. 103 159–194 and A tight upper bound on Kolmogorov complexity and uniformly optimal prediction, Theory Comput. Syst. 31 215–229] and K. Tadaki [A generalisation of Chaitin’s halting probability Ω and halting self-similar sets, Hokkaido Math. J. 31 219–253] have studied the degree of randomness of sequences or reals by measuring their “degree (...)
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  45.  3
    Racism Among White Afrikaner Adolescents: The Challenge of I-Thou (Buber) Relations.Sebastiaan van Dyk - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    This article was derived from my doctoral thesis, ‘Post-apartheid racism among Afrikaans speaking urban adolescents: A narrative-pastoral reflection’. The impetus for this study was the seemingly increasing occurrences of racism amongst post-apartheid Afrikaans-speaking urban adolescents in South Africa by taking a narrative practical theological perspective on the matter to help build meaningful cross-cultural dialogue. This study explored the level of dialogue of the participants using a postfoundational paradigm. Two questions guided the investigation: How deeply embedded are objectifying of cross-cultural relationships? (...)
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  46.  61
    Randomness, Relativization and Turing Degrees.André Nies, Frank Stephan & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2005 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (2):515-535.
    We compare various notions of algorithmic randomness. First we consider relativized randomness. A set is n-random if it is Martin-Löf random relative to ∅. We show that a set is 2-random if and only if there is a constant c such that infinitely many initial segments x of the set are c-incompressible: C ≥ |x|-c. The ‘only if' direction was obtained independently by Joseph Miller. This characterization can be extended to the case of time-bounded C-complexity. Next we prove some results (...)
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  47.  1
    In Memory of Edward Diener: Reflections on His Career, Contributions and the Science of Happiness.Weiting Ng, William Tov, Ruut Veenhoven, Sebastiaan Rothmann, Maria José Chambel, Sufen Chen, Matthew L. Cole, Chiara Consiglio, Arianna Costantini, Jesus Alfonso Daep Datu, Zelda Di Blasi, Susana Llorens Gumbau, Alexandra Huber, Saskia M. Kelders, Jeff Klibert, Hans Henrik Knoop, Claude-Hélène Mayer, Mirna Nel, Marisa Salanova, Marijke Schotanus-Dijkstra, Rebecca Shankland, Akihito Shimazu, Peter M. ten Klooster, Maria Vera, Maria A. J. Zondervan-Zwijnenburg & Llewellyn Ellardus van Zyl - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  48.  3
    Moral Distress and Ethical Climate in Intensive Care Medicine During COVID-19: A Nationwide Study.Walther N. K. A. van Mook, Sebastiaan A. Pronk, Iwan van der Horst, Elien Pragt, Ruth Heijnen-Panis, Hans Kling, Nathalie M. van Dijk, Math J. J. M. Candel, Vincent J. H. S. Gilissen & Moniek A. Donkers - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-12.
    BackgroundThe COVID-19 pandemic has created ethical challenges for intensive care unit professionals, potentially causing moral distress. This study explored the levels and causes of moral distress and the ethical climate in Dutch ICUs during COVID-19.MethodsAn extended version of the Measurement of Moral Distress for Healthcare Professionals and Ethical Decision Making Climate Questionnaire were online distributed among all 84 ICUs. Moral distress scores in nurses and intensivists were compared with the historical control group one year before COVID-19. ResultsThree hundred forty-five nurses, (...)
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  49.  38
    Law, Ethics and Medicine: Physicians’ Labelling of End-of-Life Practices: A Hypothetical Case Study.H. Buiting, A. van der Heide, B. Onwuteaka-Philipsen, M. Rurup & J. Rietjens - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (1):24-29.
    Objectives: To investigate why physicians label end-of-life acts as either ‘euthanasia/ending of life’ or ‘alleviation of symptoms/palliative or terminal sedation’, and to study the association of such labelling with intended reporting of these acts. Methods: Questionnaires were sent to a random, stratified sample of 2100 Dutch physicians. They were asked to label six hypothetical end-of-life cases: three ‘standard’ cases and three cases randomly selected, that varied according to type of medication, physician’s intention, type of patient request, patient’s life expectancy and (...)
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  50.  23
    Continuous Sedation Until Death: The Everyday Moral Reasoning of Physicians, Nurses and Family Caregivers in the UK, The Netherlands and Belgium.Kasper Raus, Jayne Brown, Clive Seale, Judith Ac Rietjens, Rien Janssens, Sophie Bruinsma, Freddy Mortier, Sheila Payne & Sigrid Sterckx - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):14.
    Continuous sedation is increasingly used as a way to relieve symptoms at the end of life. Current research indicates that some physicians, nurses, and relatives involved in this practice experience emotional and/or moral distress. This study aims to provide insight into what may influence how professional and/or family carers cope with such distress.
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