Results for 'Sebastian Danielache'

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  1. A Strategy for Origins of Life Research. [REVIEW]Caleb Scharf, Nathaniel Virgo, H. James Cleaves Ii, Masashi Aono, Nathanael Aubert-Kato, Arsev Aydinoglu, Ana Barahona, Laura M. Barge, Steven A. Benner, Martin Biehl, Ramon Brasser, Christopher J. Butch, Kuhan Chandru, Leroy Cronin, Sebastian Danielache, Jakob Fischer, John Hernlund, Piet Hut, Takashi Ikegami, Jun Kimura, Kensei Kobayashi, Carlos Mariscal, Shawn McGlynn, Bryce Menard, Norman Packard, Robert Pascal, Juli Pereto, Sudha Rajamani, Lana Sinapayen, Eric Smith, Christopher Switzer, Ken Takai, Feng Tian, Yuichiro Ueno, Mary Voytek, Olaf Witkowski & Hikaru Yabuta - 2015 - Astrobiology 15:1031-1042.
    Aworkshop was held August 26–28, 2015, by the Earth- Life Science Institute (ELSI) Origins Network (EON, see Appendix I) at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. This meeting gathered a diverse group of around 40 scholars researching the origins of life (OoL) from various perspectives with the intent to find common ground, identify key questions and investigations for progress, and guide EON by suggesting a roadmap of activities. Specific challenges that the attendees were encouraged to address included the following: What key (...)
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  2. Risk based passenger screening in aviation security: implications and variants of a new paradigm.Sebastian Weydner-Volkmann - 2017 - In Elisa Orrù, Maria-Gracia Porcedda & Sebastian Weydner-Volkmann (eds.), Rethinking surveillance and control : beyond the "security versus privacy" debate. Baden-Baden: Nomos. pp. 49-83.
    In “Risk Based Passenger Screening in Aviation Security: Implications and Variants of a New Paradigm”, Sebastian Weydner-Volkmann describes the current paradigm shift from ‘traditional’ forms of screening to ‘risk based passenger screening’ (RBS) in aviation security. This paradigm shift is put in the context of the wider historical development of risk management approaches. Through a discussion of Michel Foucault, Herfried Münkler and Ulrich Beck, Weydner-Volkmann analyses the shortcomings of such approaches in public security policies, which become especially evident in (...)
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  3. Wittgenstein on Gödelian 'Incompleteness', Proofs and Mathematical Practice: Reading Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics, Part I, Appendix III, Carefully.Wolfgang Kienzler & Sebastian Sunday Grève - 2016 - In Sebastian Sunday Grève & Jakub Mácha (eds.), Wittgenstein and the Creativity of Language. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 76-116.
    We argue that Wittgenstein’s philosophical perspective on Gödel’s most famous theorem is even more radical than has commonly been assumed. Wittgenstein shows in detail that there is no way that the Gödelian construct of a string of signs could be assigned a useful function within (ordinary) mathematics. — The focus is on Appendix III to Part I of Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics. The present reading highlights the exceptional importance of this particular set of remarks and, more specifically, emphasises (...)
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  4.  9
    Sicherheitsfragen in der Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion.Sebastian Weydner-Volkmann - 2019 - In Kevin Liggieri & Oliver Müller (eds.), Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion: Handbuch Zu Geschichte – Kultur – Ethik. J.B. Metzler. pp. 332-337.
    Sicherheitsfragen spielen für die Gestaltung technischer Innovation und Entwicklung sowie für deren gesellschaftliche Implementierung eine zentrale Rolle. Wonach hierbei im Einzelfall konkret gefragt wird, ist aber keinesfalls eindeutig. Vielmehr verweist der Sicherheitsbegriff immer auf ein komplexes Gefüge von Urteils- und Wertungszusammenhängen, die es im situativen Kontext von Mensch-Maschine-Interaktionen zu explizieren gilt.
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  5.  22
    Betterness of permissibility.Benjamin Ferguson & Sebastian Köhler - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (9):2451-2469.
    It is often assumed that morally permissible acts are morally better than impermissible acts. We call this claim Betterness of Permissibility. Yet, we show that some striking counterexamples show that the claim’s truth cannot be taken for granted. Furthermore, even if Betterness of Permissibility is true, it is unclear why. Apart from appeals to its intuitive plausibility, no arguments in favour of the condition exist. We fill this lacuna by identifying two fundamental conditions that jointly entail betterness of permissibility: ‘reasons (...)
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  6.  9
    Short propositional refutations for dense random 3CNF formulas.Sebastian Müller & Iddo Tzameret - 2014 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 165 (12):1864-1918.
  7.  17
    A Predictive Processing Model of Perception and Action for Self-Other Distinction.Sebastian Kahl & Stefan Kopp - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  8.  4
    The Routledge Companion to Phenomenology.Sebastian Luft & Søren Overgaard (eds.) - 2011 - E-Publications@Marquette.
    Phenomenology was one of the twentieth century’s major philosophical movements and continues to be a vibrant and widely studied subject today. The Routledge Companion to Phenomenology is an outstanding guide and reference source to the key philosophers, topics and themes in this exciting subject, and essential reading for any student or scholar of phenomenology. Comprising over fifty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Companion is divided into five clear parts: main figures in the phenomenological movement, from Brentano to (...)
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  9.  3
    Ingrid Olderock and Her Torturing Dogs: On Commanders.Sebastián Alejandro González Montero - 2024 - Deleuze and Guattari Studies 18 (2):201-225.
    This article examines an episode of Chilean history during the days of the dictatorship of General Pinochet: Ingrid Olderock’s life and her criminal actions against people such as Alejandra Holzapfel and others. I use a secular framework for ethical evaluations of human behaviour related to armed conflicts in Latin America. In that context, I engage the following steps. First, I describe Ingrid Olderock’s life, briefly summarising some facts about her educational and political environment based on Nancy Guzman’s Ingrid Olderock: The (...)
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  10.  5
    6. Zwischenfazit: Modales Wissen und Modaler Realismus.Sebastian J. Müller - 2014 - In Sebastian J. Müller (ed.), Wissen, Was Möglich Ist. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 153-156.
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  11.  11
    Het il y a en de triomf van het Zijn.Sebastian Müngersdorff - 2020 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 112 (4):517-520.
    Amsterdam University Press is a leading publisher of academic books, journals and textbooks in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Our aim is to make current research available to scholars, students, innovators, and the general public. AUP stands for scholarly excellence, global presence, and engagement with the international academic community.
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  12.  17
    Mind as a Way you Love Truth: A Philosophical Appraisal of Mind by Jiddu Krishnamurti.Sebastian Varghese Moolayil - 2014 - Tattva - Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):73-85.
    Krishnamurti believes that Man can come to truth neither through any organization, through any creed, through any dogma, priest or ritual, nor through any philosophic knowledge or psychological technique. He has to find it through the mirror of relationship, through the understanding of the contents of his own mind, through observation and not through intellectual analysis or introspective dissection. Man has built in himself images as a fence of security - religious, political, personal. These manifest as symbols, ideas, beliefs. The (...)
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  13.  7
    The Communication of a Dangerous Memory.Sebastian Moore - 1987 - Lonergan Workshop 6 (9999):55-61.
  14.  8
    More than words : evidence for a Stroop effect of prosody in emotion word processing.Piera Filippi, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Daniel L. Bowling, Larissa Heege, Onur Güntürkün, Albert Newen & Bart de Boer - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (5):879-891.
    Humans typically combine linguistic and nonlinguistic information to comprehend emotions. We adopted an emotion identification Stroop task to investigate how different channels interact in emotion communication. In experiment 1, synonyms of “happy” and “sad” were spoken with happy and sad prosody. Participants had more difficulty ignoring prosody than ignoring verbal content. In experiment 2, synonyms of “happy” and “sad” were spoken with happy and sad prosody, while happy or sad faces were displayed. Accuracy was lower when two channels expressed an (...)
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  15.  40
    An Alleged Tension between non-Classical Logics and Applied Classical Mathematics.Sebastian Horvat & Iulian D. Toader - 2024 - The Philosophical Quarterly 1:1-19.
    Timothy Williamson has maintained that the applicability of classical mathematics in science raises a problem for the endorsement, in non-mathematical domains, of a wide range of non-classical logics. We show that this is false.
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  16.  17
    Creating ad hoc graphical representations of number.Sebastian Holt, Judith E. Fan & David Barner - 2024 - Cognition 242 (C):105665.
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  17.  4
    Perceptual decision making: drift-diffusion model is equivalent to a Bayesian model.Sebastian Bitzer, Hame Park, Felix Blankenburg & Stefan J. Kiebel - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  18.  8
    Monismo, relaciones, y los límites de la explicación metafísica.Sebastián Briceño - 2021 - Trans/Form/Ação 44 (1):385-410.
    My aim in this paper is to explore the limits of a conception of metaphysical explanation based on the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR). For this purpose, I will focus on one of the alleged counter-intuitive consequences of an unrestricted application of the PSR, namely: Radical Monism. First, I will articulate such a conception of metaphysical explanation. Then, I will explain how is it that from a famous argument that rests on the PSR (i.e., Bradley’s regress) Radical Monism indeed seems (...)
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  19. Ética del deporte: La propuesta sustancialista de Lumpkin, Stoll y Beller, desde el procedimentalismo ético.Sebastián Solanes & Raúl Francisco - 2013 - Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 29:33-57.
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  20.  4
    Retinoic acid, HOX genes and the anterior‐posterior axis in chordates.Sebastian M. Shimeld - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (8):613-616.
    In vertebrate development, the HOX genes act to specify cell identity along much of the anterior‐posterior axis of the embryonic central nervous system. In all vertebrates examined to date, the vitamin A metabolite retinoic acid is implicated in the patterning of the anterior posterior axis and the induction of HOX gene expression. Two recent papers have extended the study of retinoic acid induction of HOX genes to the closest relatives of the vertebrates, amphioxus and tunicates(1,2). In both these species, exogenous (...)
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  21.  2
    The Big Bang and Relative Immortality: Seminal Essays on the Creation of the Universe and the Advent of Biological Immortality.Sebastian Sisti - 2008 - Algora.
    So tight was his perception of reality he could find no room in it for empty space; a position which led him to deny the reality of motion. ...
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  22.  4
    And to the Herte She Hireselven Smot.Sebastian Sobecki - 2004 - Mediaevalia 25 (1):107-121.
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  23.  2
    La comercialización del deporte desde la Ética de la competición deportiva.Sebastián Solanes & Raúl Francisco - 2012 - Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 26:83-105.
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  24.  3
    Corporate Management.Sebastian A. Sora - 1988 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 63 (1):95-104.
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  25. Musikalische Strategien der Verführung Zu meiner Verjüngungs-Szene aus der Kollektiv.Sebastian Sprenger - 2007 - In Hanns-Werner Heister (ed.), Mimetische Zeremonien: Musik als Spiel, Ritual, Kunst. Berlin: Weidler. pp. 7--129.
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  26.  25
    How the Principle of Sufficient Reason Undermines the Cosmological Argument.Sebastián Briceño - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):651-671.
    I show how the Cosmological Argument (CA) is undermined by one of its own premises: the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR). First, I explain the type of CA that I am thinking about. Second, I explain a traditional modal objection against the PSR, which is ultimately based upon our intuitions in favor of contingency. Third, I show how this modal objection begs the question against the necessitarian, and then I reformulate the CA in more neutral terms. Fourth, using this more (...)
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  27.  8
    La Gubernamentalidad Del Estado En Foucault: Un Problema Moderno.Sebastián Botticelli - 2016 - Praxis Filosófica 42:83-106.
    El presente artículo tiene por objetivo estipular algunas de las implicacionesque, dentro de la obra de Michel Foucault, supone la aparición de laperspectiva gubernamental. Para ello se especificarán algunos predicadosasociados a los conceptos de “gobierno” y “gubernamentalidad” ensu relación con ciertas nociones significativas como las de “poder” y“conducta”. Se señalarán los supuestos metodológicos que Foucault asumeal tomar al Estado como objeto de indagación. Se procurará explicitar porqué, en la reconstrucción propuesta por el autor, la gubernamentalidadestatal constituye un problema específicamente moderno. (...)
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  28.  6
    Vorwort.Sebastian Bender - 2016 - In Leibniz’ Metaphysik der Modalität. Berlin & Boston: De Gruyter.
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  29.  5
    Are gifted adolescents more satisfied with their lives than their non-gifted peers?Sebastian Bergold, Linda Wirthwein, Detlef H. Rost & Ricarda Steinmayr - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  30.  26
    A note on psychological continuity theories of identity and neurointerventions.Sebastian Jon Holmen - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (10):742-745.
    An important concern sometimes voiced in the neuroethical literature is that swift and radical changes to the parts of a person’s mental life essential for sustaining his/her numerical identity can result in the person ceasing to exist—in other words, that these changes may disrupt psychological continuity. Taking neurointerventions used for rehabilitative purposes as a point of departure, this short paper argues that the same radical alterations of criminal offenders’ psychological features which under certain conditions would result in a disruption of (...)
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  31.  5
    Adult age differences in remembering gain- and loss-related intentions.Sebastian S. Horn & Alexandra M. Freund - 2021 - Cognition and Emotion 35 (8):1652-1669.
    Motivational and emotional changes across adulthood have a profound impact on cognition. In this registered report, we conducted an experimental investigation of motivational influence on remembering intentions after a delay (prospective memory; PM) in younger, middle-aged, and older adults, using gain- and loss-framing manipulations. The present study examined for the first time whether motivational framing in a PM task has different effects on younger and older adults’ PM performance (N = 180; age range: 18–85 years) in a controlled laboratory setting. (...)
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  32.  16
    Das Konzept ‚Leben‘ in der Geschichte der Philosophie | Le concept de,vie‘ dans l’histoire de la philosophie.Sebastian Hüsch & Oliver Victor (eds.) - 2023 - Ergon – ein Verlag in der Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft.
    The concept of "life" has always been part of the basic philosophical topoi. In Greek antiquity, the question of what constitutes a "good" or "successful" life was regarded as a fundamental question of philosophy. As a result, early philosophers engaged in practice-oriented philosophizing which regarded philosophy as a form of life. In Modern philosophy, the term "life" became a technical term in different philosophical traditions such as the philosophy of life, philosophy of existence, and phenomenology. This volume brings together contributions (...)
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  33.  12
    Geistlosigkeit. Reflexionen zur Aktualität von Søren Kierkegaards Konstruktion des Selbst im Spannungsfeld von Immanenz und Transzendenz.Sebastian Hüsch - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2).
    Spiritlessness. Reflections on the topicality of Søren Kierkegaard’s construction of the self in the field of tension between immanence and transcendence: One of the most suggestive and provocative concepts developed by the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard is the concept of “spiritlessness”. Spiritlessness is conceived of as a state of mind which cuts out transcendent possibilities at the benefice of reduced immanent probabilities and thus hinders the individual to become a true Self. The present paper asks for the topicality of Kierkegaard’s (...)
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  34.  12
    Immanent Possibilities & Beyond: Transcendence in Kierkegaard’s Philosophy of Existence & in T. Rentsch’s Phenomenological Hermeneutics.Sebastian Hüsch - 2019 - Auslegung 33:7-20.
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  35.  2
    Nietzsche in Vollendung?Sebastian Hüsch - 2012 - In Renate Reschke & Marco Brusotti (eds.), "Einige werden posthum geboren": Friedrich Nietzsches Wirkungen. De Gruyter. pp. 333-346.
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  36. How States Think: The Rationality of Foreign Policy.John J. Mearsheimer & Sebastian Rosato - 2023 - Yale University Press.
    _A groundbreaking examination of a central question in international relations: Do states act rationally?_ To understand world politics, you need to understand how states think. Are states rational? Much of international relations theory assumes that they are. But many scholars believe that political leaders rarely act rationally. The issue is crucial for both the study and practice of international politics, for only if states are rational can scholars and policymakers understand and predict their behavior. John J. Mearsheimer and Sebastian (...)
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  37.  2
    Crossings to Another World: Machiavelli and Others.Sebastian de Grazia - 1984 - Journal of the History of Ideas 45 (1):145.
  38.  10
    Is Popper’s ‘Criterion of Demarcation’ outmoded?Sebastian Boţic - 2010 - Cultura 7 (1):41-53.
    This paper is concerned with the ′criterion of demarcation′ that Karl Popper put forward, while trying to show that it can be safely said that it is still standing. In doing so, I turn to two main objections to it: a Lakatos-Kuhn vision on the growth of science, and the famous Quine-Duhem thesis. The point that I hopefully made here is that the basic message of this prescriptive method is as respectful as ever, and, although not the subject of this (...)
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  39.  11
    Proof Systems for Two-Way Modal Mu-Calculus.Bahareh Afshari, Sebastian Enqvist, Graham E. Leigh, Johannes Marti & Yde Venema - forthcoming - Journal of Symbolic Logic:1-50.
    We present sound and complete sequent calculi for the modal mu-calculus with converse modalities, aka two-way modal mu-calculus. Notably, we introduce a cyclic proof system wherein proofs can be represented as finite trees with back-edges, i.e., finite graphs. The sequent calculi incorporate ordinal annotations and structural rules for managing them. Soundness is proved with relative ease as is the case for the modal mu-calculus with explicit ordinals. The main ingredients in the proof of completeness are isolating a class of non-wellfounded (...)
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  40.  5
    The case of phonons: explanatory or ontological priority.Hernán Lucas Accorinti, Sebastian Fortin, Manuel Herrera & Jesús Alberto Jaimes Arriaga - unknown
    Recent discussions about the microstructure of materials generally focus on the ontological aspects of the molecular structure. However, there are many types of substances that cannot be studied by means of the concept of molecule, for example, salts. For the quantum treatment of these substances, a new particle, called phonon, is introduced. Phonons are generally conceived as a pseudo-particle, that is, a mathematical device necessary to perform calculations but which does not have a "real" existence. In this context, the aim (...)
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  41.  1
    Presentación.Cristina Alayza & Sebastián Pimentel - 2016 - Estudios de Filosofía (Universidad de Antioquia) 14:141-142.
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  42.  3
    Presentación.Cristina Alayza & Sebastián Pimentel - 2015 - Estudios de Filosofía (Universidad de Antioquia) 13:121-123.
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  43.  3
    Schwerpunkt: Wozu noch philosophische Theorie?Gerald Hartung & Sebastian Tränkle - 2024 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 72 (2):219-223.
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  44.  21
    Hume und der Liberalismus.Sebastian Bender - 2023 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 109 (2):195-216.
    Is Hume a liberal or a conservative? Hume scholars are divided over this question. This paper rejects the widespread reading of Hume as a conservative and argues that Hume is a liberal, even though his version of liberalism is fundamentally different from Lockean liberalism. Hume differs from Locke in that he attempts to justify a liberal political order without appealing to natural rights or a social contract. Instead, his liberalism is deeply rooted in his empiricist epistemology and in his sentimentalist (...)
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  45.  49
    Localizing Violations of the Principle of Sufficient Reason—Leibniz on the Modal Status of the PSR.Sebastian Bender - 2022 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 4 (1):11.
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason —the principle that everything has a reason—plays a central role in Leibniz’s philosophical system. It is rather difficult, however, to determine what Leibniz’s attitude towards the modal status of the PSR is. The prevailing view is that Leibniz takes the PSR to be true necessarily. This paper develops a novel interpretation and argues that Leibniz’s PSR is a contingent principle. It also discusses whether a merely contingent PSR can do the metaphysical heavy lifting that Leibniz (...)
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  46.  8
    Monismo prioritario, relaciones internas y libertad modal.Sebastián Briceño - 2022 - Síntesis Revista de Filosofía 5 (1):35-53.
    Schaffer ha argumentado que la prioridad ontológica del cosmos puede ser inferida a partir de la ausencia de la libertad modal de sus partes. En este artículo ofrezco razones en contra de las siguientes premisas de su argumento: (i) el supuesto según el cual los objetos fundamentales gozan de libertad modal, y (ii) el supuesto según el cual los objetos que están en la relación de ser compañeros de mundo, dada la teoría de contrapartidas, carecen de libertad modal.
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  47.  8
    Crucifixion: Accident or Design?O. S. B. Sebastian Moore - 1998 - Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture 5 (1):155-163.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:CRUCIFIXION: ACCIDENT OR DESIGN? Sebastian Moore, O.S.B. Downside Abbey Lastyear I was visited by an old friend from my Liverpool days. Mike and I had worked together with the young of the parish, and one summer the two of us took a couple of boys camping in France, a trial of patience which made us known to each other at some depth. He was in fact a passionately (...)
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  48.  12
    Von Menschen und Tieren – Leibniz über Apperzeption, Reflexion und conscientia.Sebastian Bender - 2013 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 67 (2):214-241.
    This German paper investigates what kinds of abilities Leibniz ascribes to non-human animals and how they differ from the abilities he ascribes to humans. The paper attempts to clarify how the notions of perception, apperception, reflection, and conscientia are related for Leibniz. More specifically, the paper develops a new reading of section four of the Principles of Nature and Grace, which is a much-discussed passage in Leibniz scholarship. It argues for two claims: (i) Leibniz distinguishes between a reflective and a (...)
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  49.  10
    Der Begriff Ernst. Zur Kritik ironischer Selbstverhältnisse bei Hegel und Kierkegaard.Sebastian Böhm - 2023 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 28 (1):249-279.
    The article aims at giving an account of and comparing Hegel’s and Kierkegaard’s critique of contemporary culture by focussing on the category of seriousness. Both thinkers diagnose a general tendency of downplaying, in fact, suppressing or even abolishing consciousness of sin and a concomitant disappearance of seriousness in what they consider „the modern age of reflection.“ First, the concept of seriousness is spelled out within their respective philosophies of religion, and this in relation to the reality of sin as a (...)
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  50.  27
    Bedeutung und Implikationen epistemischer Ungerechtigkeit.Sebastian Schleidgen, Orsolya Friedrich & Andreas Wolkenstein (eds.) - 2023 - Tectum – ein Verlag in der Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft.
    For almost two decades, the concept of epistemic injustice has been a point of reference to discuss the extent to which persons can be disadvantaged in their role as knowers and what morally relevant consequences might follow from such violations. This volume brings together contributions that have significantly shaped debates about the concept of epistemic injustice and its meaning, as well as recent contributions on its implications and possible consequences of situations of epistemic injustice. With contributions by David Coady | (...)
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