74 found
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  1.  14
    Nietzsche on Kant and Teleology in 1868: ‘“Life” is Something Entirely Dark … ’.Sebastian Gardner - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 62 (1):23-48.
    ABSTRACTWe know from Nietzsche’s posthumously published notebooks and correspondence of his plan in 1868 to compose a doctoral dissertation in philosophy on the subject of teleology in nature and the concept of the organic, with reference to Kant. The bulk of my discussion represents an attempt to extrapolate from Nietzsche’s letters and preparatory notes the view he arrived at. Since the notes do not defend explicitly any single definitive thesis, their interpretation is unavoidably conjectural. I argue that, if Nietzsche’s remarks (...)
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  2.  10
    Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason.Sebastian Gardner & Arthur Collins - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (200):391-395.
  3.  78
    Irrationality and the Philosophy of Psychoanalysis.Sebastian Gardner - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In a reconstruction of the theories of Freud and Klein, Sebastian Gardner asks: what causes irrationality, what must the mind be like for it to be irrational, to what extent does irrationality involve self-awareness, and what is the point of irrationality? Arguing that psychoanalytic theory provides the most penetrating answers to these questions, he rejects the widespread view of the unconscious as a 'second mind', in favour of a view of it as a source of inherently irrational desires seeking expression (...)
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  4.  55
    Merleau-Ponty’s Phenomenology in the Light of Kant’s Third Critique and Schelling’s Real-Idealismus.Sebastian Gardner - 2017 - Continental Philosophy Review 50 (1):5-25.
    In this paper I offer a selective, systematic rather than historical account of Merleau-Ponty’s highly complex relation to classical German philosophy, focussing on issues which bear on the question of his relation to transcendentalism and naturalism. I argue that the concerns which define his project in Phenomenology of Perception are fundamentally those of transcendental philosophy, and that Merleau-Ponty’s disagreements with Kant, and the position he arrives at in The Visible and the Invisible, are helpfully viewed in light of issues which (...)
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  5.  4
    Kant’s Practical Postulates and the Development of German Idealism.Sebastian Gardner - 2017 - In Anders Moe Rasmussen & Markus Gabriel (eds.), German Idealism Today. De Gruyter. pp. 27-72.
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  6. Art and Morality.José Luis Bermúdez & Sebastian Gardner (eds.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    _Art and Morality_ is a collection of groundbreaking new papers on the theme of aesthetics and ethics, and the link between the two subjects. A group of distinguished contributors tackle the important questions that arise when one thinks about the moral dimensions of art and the aesthetic dimension of moral life. The volume is a significant contribution to philosophical literature, opening up unexplored questions and shedding new light on more traditional debates in aesthetics. The topics explored include: the relation of (...)
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  7.  32
    Irrationality and the Philosophy of Psychoanalysis.Marcia Cavell & Sebastian Gardner - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (3):405.
  8. The Transcendental Turn.Sebastian Gardner & Matthew Grist (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Kant's influence on the history of philosophy is vast and protean. The transcendental turn denotes one of its most important forms, defined by the notion that Kant's deepest insight should not be identified with any specific epistemological or metaphysical doctrine, but rather concerns the fundamental standpoint and terms of reference of philosophical enquiry. To take the transcendental turn is not to endorse any of Kant's specific teachings, but to accept that the Copernican revolution announced in the Preface of the Critique (...)
     
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  9.  7
    II—Psychoanalytic Theory: A Historical Reconstruction.Sebastian Gardner - 2012 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):41-60.
    In this paper I sketch a reconstruction of the basic psychoanalytic conception of the mind in terms of two historical resources: the conception of the subject developed in post‐Kantian idealism, and Spinoza's laws of the affects in Part Three of the Ethics. The former, I suggest, supplies the conceptual basis for the psychoanalytic notion of the unconscious, while the latter defines the type of psychological causality of psychoanalytic explanations. The imperfect fit between these two elements, I claim, is reflected in (...)
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  10. Psychoanalysis and the Personal/Sub‐Personal Distinction.Sebastian Gardner - 2000 - Philosophical Explorations 3 (1):96-119.
    This paper attempts in the first instance to clarify the application of the personal/sub-personal distinction to psychoanalysis and to indicate how this issue is related to that of psychoanalysis" epistemology. It is argued that psychoanalysis may be regarded either as a form of personal psychology, or as a form of jointly personal and sub-personal psychology, but not as a form of sub-personal psychology. It is further argued that psychoanalysis indicates a problem with the personal/sub-personal distinction itself as understood by Dennett (...)
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  11. From Kant to Post-Kantian Idealism: German Idealism.Sebastian Gardner - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):211–228.
    German idealism has been pictured as an unwarranted deviation from the central epistemological orientation of modern philosophy, and its close historical association with German romanticism is adduced in support of this verdict. This paper proposes an interpretation of German idealism which seeks to grant key importance to its connection with romanticism without thereby undermining its philosophical rationality. I suggest that the fundamental motivation of German idealism is axiological, and that its augment of Kant's idealism is intelligible in terms of its (...)
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  12. Critical Notice of Richard Moran, Authority and Estrangement: An Essay on Self-Knowledge.Sebastian Gardner - 2004 - Philosophical Review 113 (2):249 - 267.
  13.  14
    Schelling’s Substantive Reinterpretation of the Transcendental Turn: Beyond Method.Sebastian Gardner - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (2):271-292.
    ABSTRACTSeveral factors, including but not limited to his investments in Naturphilosophie and Spinoza, make it hard to determine the extent to which Schelling remains on track with Kant’s transcendental project. My aim here is to isolate Schelling’s conception of transcendental method in the first decade of his philosophical development, a topic that has received little direct and extended discussion. Schelling’s 1800 System of Transcendental Idealism stands out as of particular importance, but no single text can be regarded as Schelling’s definitive (...)
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  14. Introduction.Sebastian Gardner - 2015 - In Sebastian Gardner & Matthew Grist (eds.), The Transcendental Turn. Oxford University Press UK.
    The Introduction to this volume identifies and briefly summarizes certain issues which have been of central concern to philosophers in the transcendental tradition, including: the question of its relation to metaphysics; the relation of transcendentalism to transcendental idealism; the Kantian concept of a condition of possibility; the concepts of transcendental logic and of transcendental proof or argumentation; the concept of the transcendental turn and the issue of its justification; and the standpoint of transcendental reflection.
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  15.  52
    Psychoanalytic Theory: A Historical Reconstruction.Sebastian Gardner - 2012 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):41-60.
    In this paper I sketch a reconstruction of the basic psychoanalytic conception of the mind in terms of two historical resources: the conception of the subject developed in post-Kantian idealism, and Spinoza's laws of the affects in Part Three of the Ethics. The former, I suggest, supplies the conceptual basis for the psychoanalytic notion of the unconscious, while the latter defines the type of psychological causality of psychoanalytic explanations. The imperfect fit between these two elements, I claim, is reflected in (...)
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  16.  8
    I—Sebastian Gardner: German Idealism.Sebastian Gardner - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):211-228.
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  17.  5
    Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason.Sebastian Gardner - 2001 - Mind 110 (439):753-756.
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  18. Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason.Sebastian Gardner - 1999 - Routledge.
    Kant's _Critique of Pure Reason_ is arguably the single most important work in western philosophy. The book introduces and assesses: * Kant's life and background of the _Critique of Pure Reason_ * the ideas and text of the _Critique of Pure Reason_ * the continuing relevance of Kant's work to contemporary philosophy. Ideal for anyone coming to Kant's thought for the first time. This guide will be vital reading for all students of Kant in philosophy.
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  19.  7
    II—Sebastian Gardner: Psychoanalytic Theory: A Historical Reconstruction.Sebastian Gardner - 2012 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):41-60.
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  20.  9
    From Kant to Post-Kantian Idealism: German Idealism: Sebastian Gardner.Sebastian Gardner - 2002 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76 (1):211-228.
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  21.  2
    Kant's Practical Postulates and the Limits of the Critical System.Sebastian Gardner - 2011 - Hegel Bulletin 32 (1-2):187-215.
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  22.  36
    Psychoanalysis, Science, and Commonsense.Sebastian Gardner - 1995 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (2):93-113.
  23.  93
    Merleau-Ponty’s Transcendental Theory of Perception.Sebastian Gardner - 2015 - In Sebastian Gardner & Matthew Grist (eds.), The Transcendental Turn. Oxford University Press UK.
    This chapter argues that Merleau-Ponty’s account of perception should be understood, not as a theory of perception in the usual sense, but as belonging squarely to transcendental philosophy. Contra the interpretation of Phenomenology of Perception as essentially a work in the philosophy of psychology, and the associated naturalistic construal of his ideas, it is suggested that Merleau-Ponty must be seen in the light of the history of transcendental philosophy and that an original form of idealism lies at the heart of (...)
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  24.  36
    Nietzsche, the Self, and the Disunity of Philosophical Reason.Sebastian Gardner - 2009 - In Ken Gemes & Simon May (eds.), Nietzsche on Freedom and Autonomy. Oxford University Press. pp. 1.
  25. Art and Morality.Sebastian Gardner - 2005 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 63 (4):386-388.
     
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  26.  76
    Sartre, Intersubjectivity, and German Idealism.Sebastian Gardner - 2005 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (3):325-351.
    Introduction: This paper has two, interrelated aims. The first is to clarify Sartre's theory of intersubjectivity. Sartre's discussion of the Other has a puzzling way of going in and out of focus, seeming at one moment to provide a remarkably original solution to the problem of other minds and at the next to wholly miss the point of the skeptical challenge. The nature of his argument is equally uncertain: at some points it looks like an attempt to mount a transcendental (...)
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  27.  3
    From Kant to Post-Kantian Idealism.Sebastian Gardner & Paul Franks - 2002 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 76:211-246.
    [Sebastian Gardner] German idealism has been pictured as an unwarranted deviation from the central epistemological orientation of modern philosophy, and its close historical association with German romanticism is adduced in support of this verdict. This paper proposes an interpretation of German idealism which seeks to grant key importance to its connection with romanticism without thereby undermining its philosophical rationality. I suggest that the fundamental motivation of German idealism is axiological, and that its augment of Kant's idealism is intelligible in terms (...)
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  28.  34
    Kant's Third Critique: The Project of Unification.Sebastian Gardner - 2016 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 78:161-185.
    This paper offers a synoptic view of Kant's Critique of the Power of Judgement and its reception by the German Idealists. I begin by sketching Kant's conception of how its several parts fit together, and emphasize the way in which the specifically moral motivation of Kant's project of unification of Freedom and Nature distances it from our contemporary philosophical concerns. For the German Idealists, by contrast, the CPJ's conception of the opposition of Freedom and Nature as defining the overarching task (...)
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  29. The Unconscious Mind.Sebastian Gardner - 2003 - In Thomas Baldwin (ed.), The Cambridge History of Philosophy 1870-1945. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1--9.
    Baldwin, T. (ed.) Cambridge History of Philosophy 1870 -1945.
     
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  30.  24
    The Metaphysics of Human Freedom: From Kant’s Transcendental Idealism to Schelling’s Freiheitsschrift.Sebastian Gardner - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (1):133-156.
    Schelling’s 1809 Freiheitsschrift, perhaps his most widely read work, presents considerable difficulties of understanding. In this paper, I offer an interpretation of the work in relation to Kant. My focus is on the relation in each case of their theory of human freedom to their general metaphysics, a relation which both regard as essential. The argument of the paper is in sum that Schelling may be viewed as addressing and resolving a problem which faces Kant’s theory of freedom and transcendental (...)
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  31. Review of Henry E. Allison, Kant's Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defense, Revised and Enlarged Edition[REVIEW]Sebastian Gardner - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (9).
  32.  39
    Other Minds and Embodiment.Sebastian Gardner - 1993 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 94:35-52.
  33.  39
    Method and Metaphysics in the Philosophy of Art.Sebastian Gardner - 2014 - Estetika 51 (2):230-253.
    This article is concerned with the question of the proper place of substantial general metaphysics in aesthetics and the philosophy of art. For reasons articulated in writings from the 1950s, analytic aesthetics denies that there is any relation of dependence and regards the intrusion of metaphysics into reflection on art as not merely superfluous but also methodologically inappropriate. Against this I argue that analytic aesthetics in its circumscription of the bounds of the discipline is not metaphysically neutral, that it is (...)
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  34.  86
    Sartre, Schelling, and Onto-Theology.Sebastian Gardner - 2006 - Religious Studies 42 (3):247-271.
    It is well known that Sartre describes his form of existentialism as atheistic, and much of the rhetoric of Sartrean existentialism draws off the image of God's absence from the world. There are nevertheless, I argue, deep grounds for thinking that the coherence and well-groundedness of Sartre's thought requires that his phenomenological ontology take finally the form of an onto-theology: Sartre's ontology runs into difficulties concerning the origin of the for-itself and the unity of being; an onto-theology like Schelling's, which (...)
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  35.  82
    Review: The Paradox of Subjectivity: The Self in the Transcendental Tradition. [REVIEW]Sebastian Gardner - 2004 - Mind 113 (451):535-539.
  36.  1
    Critical Notice of Richard Moran, Authority and Estrangement: An Essay on Self-Knowledge.Sebastian Gardner - 2004 - Philosophical Review 113 (2):249-267.
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  37.  42
    Schopenhauer's Contraction of Reason: Clarifying Kant and Undoing German Idealism.Sebastian Gardner - 2012 - Kantian Review 17 (3):375-401.
    Schopenhauer's claim that the essence of the world consists in Wille encounters well-known difficulties. Of particular importance is the conflict of this metaphysical claim with his restrictive account of conceptuality. This paper attempts to make sense of Schopenhauer's position by restoring him to the context of post-Kantian debate, with special attention to the early notebooks and Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. On the reconstruction suggested here, Schopenhauer's philosophical project should be understood in light of his rejection of (...)
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  38. Philosophical Aestheticism.Sebastian Gardner - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Michael Rosen (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Continental Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    Book description:* The only accessible and authoritative guide to the continental traditions in philosophy * 20 brand-new contributions by an outstanding international team * Valuable for anyone working on continental philosophy, European literature, the history of ideas, and cultural studies The Oxford Handbooks series is a major new initiative in academic publishing. Each volume offers an authoritative and up-to-date survey of original research in a particular subject area. Specially commissioned essays from leading figures in the discipline give critical examinations of (...)
     
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  39.  24
    14. Nietzsche and Freud: The ‘I’ and Its Drives.Sebastian Gardner - 2015 - In Bartholomew Ryan, Maria Joao Mayer Branco & João Constancio (eds.), Nietzsche and the Problem of Subjectivity. De Gruyter. pp. 367-393.
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  40.  4
    The Desire of the Whole in Classical German Philosophy.Sebastian Gardner - 2018 - In Sally Sedgwick & Dina Emundts (eds.), Begehren / Desire. De Gruyter. pp. 233-256.
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  41.  1
    The Argument for Transcendental Idealism.Sebastian Gardner - 2001 - In Ralph Schumacher, Rolf-Peter Horstmann & Volker Gerhardt (eds.), Kant Und Die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des Ix. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Bd. I: Hauptvorträge. Bd. Ii: Sektionen I-V. Bd. Iii: Sektionen Vi-X: Bd. Iv: Sektionen Xi-Xiv. Bd. V: Sektionen Xv-Xviii. De Gruyter. pp. 549-557.
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  42. The Interest of German Idealism.Sebastian Gardner - unknown
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  43.  2
    Irrationality and the Philosophy of Psychoanalysis.Sebastian Gardner - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (185):544-546.
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  44.  44
    Wallace Stevens and Metaphysics: The Plain Sense of Things.Sebastian Gardner - 1994 - European Journal of Philosophy 2 (3):322-344.
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  45.  24
    Spinoza, Enlightenment, and Classical German Philosophy.Sebastian Gardner - 2014 - Diametros 40:22-44.
    This paper offers a critical discussion of Jonathan Israel’s thesis that the political and moral ideas and values which define liberal democratic modernity should be regarded as the legacy of the Radical Enlightenment and thus as deriving from Spinoza. What I take issue with is not Israel’s map of the actual historical lines of intellectual descent of ideas and account of their social and political impact, but the accompanying conceptual claim, that Spinozism as filtrated by the naturalistic wing of eighteenth-century (...)
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  46.  10
    Transcendental Idealism at the Limit.Sebastian Gardner - 2015 - Philosophical Topics 43 (1-2):63-85.
    Adrian Moore argues that Kant’s transcendental idealism is incoherent, and that its incoherence gives us an invaluable insight into the fundamental nature of metaphysics, motivating the reconception of metaphysical inquiry with which Moore concludes his story of the development of modern philosophy. My discussion has three parts. First, I focus on the treatment of Kant’s transcendental idealism in Moore’s earlier book, Points of View, and highlight ways in which Moore is, I argue, open to challenge. Second, I suggest that the (...)
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  47.  18
    Splitting the Subject: An Overview of Sartre, Lacan and Derrida.Sebastian Gardner - unknown
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  48.  6
    Die Metaphysik der menschlichen Freiheit.Sebastian Gardner - 2017 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 65 (2):211-238.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie Jahrgang: 65 Heft: 2 Seiten: 211-238.
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  49.  19
    The Mind and its Depths.Sebastian Gardner - 1997 - International Studies in Philosophy 29 (4):153-154.
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  50.  12
    Value and Idealism.Sebastian Gardner - 2000 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 47:1-18.
    This paper is concerned with the attempt to base a general theory of value on an idealist metaphysics. The most explicit and fully developed instance of this approach is, of course, found in Kant, on whom I shall concentrate, though I will also suggest that the account I offer of Kant has application to the later German idealists. While the core of the paper is devoted to commentary on Kant, what I thereby wish to make plausible is the idea that (...)
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