Results for 'Sebastian Kraemer'

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  1.  40
    The Cruelty of Older Infants and Toddlers.Kraemer Sebastian - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):233-234.
    Cruelty is evident in the play and interactions of quite small children. This is almost certainly normal, though it is more evident in children who have themselves been harshly treated (Amato & Fowler 2002; Luk et al. 1999).
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  2.  42
    I—Sebastian Gardner: German Idealism.Sebastian Gardner - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):211-228.
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  3. Me, Myself and My Brain Implant: Deep Brain Stimulation Raises Questions of Personal Authenticity and Alienation.Felicitas Kraemer - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (3):483-497.
    In this article, I explore select case studies of Parkinson patients treated with deep brain stimulation in light of the notions of alienation and authenticity. While the literature on DBS has so far neglected the issues of authenticity and alienation, I argue that interpreting these cases in terms of these concepts raises new issues for not only the philosophical discussion of neuro-ethics of DBS, but also for the psychological and medical approach to patients under DBS. In particular, I suggest that (...)
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  4.  27
    From Kant to Post-Kantian Idealism: German Idealism: Sebastian Gardner.Sebastian Gardner - 2002 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76 (1):211-228.
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  5. Adaptations and Innovations: Studies on the Interaction Between Jewish and Islamic Thought and Literature From the Early Middle Ages to the Late Twentieth Century, Dedicated to Professor Joel L. Kraemer.Joel L. Kraemer, Y. Tzvi Langermann & Jossi Stern (eds.) - 2007 - Peeters.
  6.  42
    When Things Go Wrong: Managing Crisis. A Talk with Harry M. Jansen Kraemer, Jr., and Sally Benjamin Young. Interview by Thomasine Kushner. [REVIEW]H. M. Kraemer Jr & S. B. Young - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (2):193-199.
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  7. Authenticity or Autonomy? When Deep Brain Stimulation Causes a Dilemma.Felicitas Kraemer - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (12):757-760.
    While deep brain stimulation (DBS) for patients with Parkinson's disease has typically raised ethical questions about autonomy, accountability and personal identity, recent research indicates that we need to begin taking into account issues surrounding the patients’ feelings of authenticity and alienation as well. In order to bring out the relevance of this dimension to ethical considerations of DBS, I analyse a recent case study of a Dutch patient who, as a result of DBS, faced a dilemma between autonomy and authenticity. (...)
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  8. Structuring Mind. The Nature of Attention and How It Shapes Consciousness.Sebastian Watzl - 2017 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    What is attention? How does attention shape consciousness? In an approach that engages with foundational topics in the philosophy of mind, the theory of action, psychology, and the neurosciences this book provides a unified and comprehensive answer to both questions. Sebastian Watzl shows that attention is a central structural feature of the mind. The first half of the book provides an account of the nature of attention. Attention is prioritizing, it consists in regulating priority structures. Attention is not another (...)
     
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  9.  16
    Sebastian Franck: Paradoxa.Sebastian Franck - 1995 - De Gruyter.
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  10.  14
    Sebastian Rand Review of John MacCumber, Time in the Ditch : American Philosophy and the McCarthy Era Northwestern, University Press, 2001, 213 P. [REVIEW]Sebastian Rand - unknown
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  11. Authenticity Anyone? The Enhancement of Emotions Via Neuro-Psychopharmacology.Felicitas Kraemer - 2011 - Neuroethics 4 (1):51-64.
    This article will examine how the notion of emotional authenticity is intertwined with the notions of naturalness and artificiality in the context of the recent debates about ‘neuro-enhancement’ and ‘neuro-psychopharmacology.’ In the philosophy of mind, the concept of authenticity plays a key role in the discussion of the emotions. There is a widely held intuition that an artificial means will always lead to an inauthentic result. This article, however, proposes that artificial substances do not necessarily result in inauthentic emotions. The (...)
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  12.  32
    Menschenrechte, Weltgesundheit und unsere Verantwortung: Thomas Pogge (Yale) im Gespräch mit Sebastian Laukötter (Münster)(Aktuelles).Thomas Pogge & Sebastian Laukötter - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (2):157-163.
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  13.  49
    Instruments of Invention in Renaissance Europe: The Cases of Conrad Gesner and Ulisse Aldrovandi.Fabian Kraemer & Helmut Zedelmaier - 2014 - Intellectual History Review 24 (3):321-341.
  14.  42
    Statistical Theories of Functions and the Problem of Epidemic Disease.Daniel M. Kraemer - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (3):423-438.
    Several decades ago, Christopher Boorse formulated an influential statistical theory of normative biological functions but it has often been claimed that his theory suffers from insuperable problems such as an inability to handle cases of epidemic and universal diseases. This paper develops a new statistical theory of normative functions that is capable of dealing with the notorious problem of epidemic and universal diseases. The theory is also more detailed than its predecessors and offers other important advantages over them. It is (...)
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  15.  14
    Neurochemical Correlates of Stress and Depression: Depletion or Disorganization?Gary W. Kraemer - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):110-110.
  16.  21
    Ulisse Aldrovandi’s Pandechion Epistemonicon and the Use of Paper Technology in Renaissance Natural History.Fabian Kraemer - 2014 - Early Science and Medicine 19 (5):398-423.
  17. Self-Consciousness.Sebastian Rödl - 2007 - Harvard University Press.
    The topic of this book is self-consciousness, which is a kind of knowledge, namely knowledge of oneself as oneself, or self-knowledge.
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  18.  46
    Natural Probabilistic Information.Daniel M. Kraemer - 2015 - Synthese 192 (9):2901-2919.
    Natural information refers to the information carried by natural signs such as that smoke is thought to carry natural information about fire. A number of influential philosophers have argued that natural information can also be utilized in a theory of mental content. The most widely discussed account of natural information holds that it results from an extremely strong relation between sign and signified. Critics have responded that it is doubtful that there are many strong relations of this sort in the (...)
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  19.  14
    Against “Soft” Statistical Information.Daniel M. Kraemer - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (1):139-147.
    Unsatisfied with stringent statistical theories of information such as Dretske's unity theory, Millikan (2001, 2004, 2007) and Shea (2007) have independently introduced ?soft? statistical notions of information. I argue here that these soft statistical notions do not present viable alternative senses of information to that proposed by Dretske. Furthermore, what appears to be the primary motivation for ?soft? information can be undercut.
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  20.  40
    A Psychobiological Theory of Attachment.Gary W. Kraemer - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):493-511.
  21.  33
    Philosophical Analyses of Scientific Concepts: A Critical Appraisal.Daniel Mark Kraemer - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (9):e12513.
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  22.  38
    Space of Culture: Towards a Neo Kantian Philosophy Culture.Sebastian Luft - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Sebastian Luft explores the philosophy of culture championed by the Marburg School of Neo-Kantianism. Following a historical trajectory from Hermann Cohen to Paul Natorp and through to Ernst Cassirer, he defends the attractiveness of a philosophical culture in the transcendental vein.
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  23.  36
    Philosophy in the Renaissance of Islam: Abū Sulaymān Al-Sijistānī and His Circle.Joel L. Kraemer - 1986 - E.J. Brill.
    ... the turn of the fourth/tenth century, in the province of Sijistan, Muhammad b. Tahir b. Bahram was born, known in the fullness of time as Abu Sulayman ...
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  24.  67
    Intentional Action, Chance and Control: [Analysis "Problem" No. 16].Eric Russert Kraemer - 1978 - Analysis 38 (3):116 - 117.
  25.  66
    On The Moral Twin-Earth Challenge to New-Wave Moral Realism.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:467-472.
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  26.  49
    Revisiting Recent Etiological Theories of Functions.Daniel M. Kraemer - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):747-759.
    Arguably, the most widely endorsed account of normative functions in philosophy of biology is an etiological theory that holds that the function of current traits is fixed by the past selection history of other traits of that type. The earlier formulations of this “selected-effects” theory had trouble accommodating vestigial traits. In order to remedy these difficulties, the influential recent selection or modern history selected-effects theory was introduced. This paper expands upon and strengthens the argument that this theory has trouble stemming (...)
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  27.  3
    Book Reviews: Lorraine Daston and Elizabeth Lunbeck (Eds), Histories of Scientific Observation_, Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2011 (Sebastian Mateiescu) Robert Goulding, _Defending Hypatia: Ramus, Savile, and the Renaissance Rediscovery of Mathematical History_, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London and New York: Springer, 2010 (Iovan Drehe) Tudor Dinu, _Dimitrie Cantemir Ş Nicolae Mavrocordat. Rivalităţi Politice Şi Literare la Începutul Secolului XVIII_, [_Démétrius Cantemir Et Nicolas Mavrocordatos. Rivalités Politiques Et Littéraires au Début du XVIIIe Siècle_] Bucureşti, Humanitas, 2011 (Ovidiu Olar); Book Received: G. W. Leibniz, _Discourse on Metaphysics and Other Writings, Edited by Peter Loptson, Translated by Robert Latta and George R. Montgomery, with Revisions by Peter Loptson, Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Editions, 2012 (Sorin Costreie). [REVIEW]Sebastian Mateiescu, Iovan Drehe & Ovidiu Olar - 2013 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 2 (1):165-190.
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  28.  84
    Ontology or Phenomenology? How the Lvad Challenges the Euthanasia Debate.Felicitas Kraemer - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (3):140-150.
    This article deals with the euthanasia debate in light of new life-sustaining technologies such as the left ventricular assist device (LVAD). The question arises: does the switching off of a LVAD by a doctor upon the request of a patient amount to active or passive euthanasia, i.e. to ‘killing’ or to ‘letting die’? The answer hinges on whether the device is to be regarded as a proper part of the patient's body or as something external. We usually regard the switching (...)
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  29. The Neo-Kantian Reader.Sebastian Luft (ed.) - 2015 - Routledge.
    The latter half of the nineteenth and the early part of the twentieth century witnessed a remarkable resurgence of interest in Kant’s philosophy in Continental Europe, the effects of which are still being felt today. _The Neo-Kantian Reader_ is the first anthology to collect the most important primary sources in Neo-Kantian philosophy, with many being published here in English for the first time. It includes extracts on a rich and diverse number of subjects, including logic, epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, (...)
     
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  30. Attention as Structuring of the Stream of Consciousness.Sebastian Watzl - 2011 - In Christopher Mole, Declan Smithies & Wayne Wu (eds.), Attention: Philosophical and Psychological Essays. Oxford University Press. pp. 145.
    This paper defends and develops the structuring account of conscious attention: attention is the conscious mental process of structuring one’s stream of consciousness so that some parts of it are more central than others. In the first part of the paper, I motivate the structuring account. Drawing on a variety of resources I argue that the phenomenology of attention cannot be fully captured in terms of how the world appears to the subject, as well as against an atomistic conception of (...)
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  31. Subjectivity and Lifeworld in Transcendental Phenomenology.Sebastian Luft - 2011 - Northwestern University Press.
    Part 1. Husserl: the outlines of the transcendental-phenomenological system -- 1. Husserl's phenomenological discovery of the natural attitude -- 2. Husserl's theory of the phenomenological reduction: between lifeworld and Cartesianism -- 3. Some methodological problems arising in Husserl's late reflections on the phenomenological reduction -- 4. Facticity and historicity as constituents of the lifeworld in Husserl's late philosophy -- 5. Husserl's concept of the "transcendental person": another look at the Husserl-Heidegger relationship -- 6. Dialectics of the absolute: the systematics of (...)
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  32.  29
    Some Problems with Genetic Emotional Enhancement.Felicitas Kraemer - 2012 - Journal of Value Inquiry 46 (4):435-447.
  33.  14
    Do We Really Want More “Reliable” Reviewers?Helena Chmura Kraemer - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):152-154.
  34. What Was the Syntax‐Semantics Debate in the Philosophy of Science About?Sebastian Lutz - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 95 (2):319-352.
    The debate between critics of syntactic and semantic approaches to the formalization of scientific theories has been going on for over 50 years. I structure the debate in light of a recent exchange between Hans Halvorson, Clark Glymour, and Bas van Fraassen and argue that the only remaining disagreement concerns the alleged difference in the dependence of syntactic and semantic approaches on languages of predicate logic. This difference turns out to be illusory.
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  35. Irrationality and the Philosophy of Psychoanalysis.Sebastian Gardner - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    In a reconstruction of the theories of Freud and Klein, Sebastian Gardner asks: what causes irrationality, what must the mind be like for it to be irrational, to what extent does irrationality involve self-awareness, and what is the point of irrationality? Arguing that psychoanalytic theory provides the most penetrating answers to these questions, he rejects the widespread view of the unconscious as a 'second mind', in favour of a view of it as a source of inherently irrational desires seeking (...)
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  36.  18
    Picturing the Authenticity of Emotions.Felicitas Kraemer - 2009 - In Mikko Salmela & Verena Mayer (eds.), Emotions, Ethics, and Authenticity. John Benjamins. pp. 5--71.
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  37.  32
    Normativity From an Organizational Perspective.Daniel Mark Kraemer - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (3):1-5.
  38.  27
    Kann die Geschichte der DDR heute schon geschrieben werden?: Rundfunkvortrag von Kurt Nowak, gesendet von Deutschland-Radio Berlin am 11.8.2001 Mit einer Einleitung hg. von Sebastian Kranich.Sebastian Kranich - 2012 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 19 (2):293-308.
    This edition contains the last radio essay of the church-historian Kurt Nowak. It has the title: “Is it able, to write the history of the GDR yet?” The introduction takes up this question in the context of his reflections about the former GDR in other texts.
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  39.  28
    Function, Gene and Behavior.Eric Kraemer - unknown
    In this paper I begin by examining a particularly disturbing eliminativist argument from Evelyn Fox Keller against the continued use of the very concept of the gene. If Fox Keller’s argument were to work, then any attempt to continue with or attempt to revise behavioral genetics would be doomed. In the course of replying to Fox Keller’s argument a revised, functional concept of the gene is presented and defending. Using this revised conception of the gene I then consider how appeal (...)
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  40. Education and Autonomy.Sebastian Rödl - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 50 (1):84-97.
  41.  86
    Imitation-Man and the 'New' Epiphenomenalism.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1980 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 10 (September):479-487.
    A number of philosophers have recently held that the phenomenal aspect of experience cannot be adequately dealt with within a materialist account of the mind-body relation. A natural response for those who take both this objection and scientific considerations seriously is to adopt either a double-aspect theory of mind or a version of epiphenomenalism. In this paper I will examine such a view recently defended by Keith Campbell. Campbell calls his view a ‘new’ epiphenomenalism. I shall begin by considering Campbell's (...)
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  42. The Nature of Attention.Sebastian Watzl - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (11):842-853.
    What is attention? Attention is often seen as a subject matter for the hard sciences of cognitive and brain processes, and is understood in terms of sub-personal mechanisms and processes. Correspondingly, there still is a stark contrast between the central role attention plays for the empirical investigation of the mind in psychology and the neurosciences, and its relative neglect in philosophy. Yet, over the past years, several philosophers have challenged the standard conception. A number of interesting philosophical questions concerning the (...)
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  43.  43
    Reason in the Balance.Eric Kraemer - 2012 - Teaching Philosophy 35 (1):95-99.
  44. Categories of the Temporal: An Inquiry Into the Forms of the Finite Understanding.Sebastian Rödl - 2012 - Harvard University Press.
    The publication of Frege’s Begriffsschrift in 1879 forever altered the landscape for many Western philosophers. Here, Sebastian Rödl traces how the Fregean influence, written all over the development and present state of analytic philosophy, led into an unholy alliance of an empiricist conception of sensibility with an inferentialist conception of thought. -/- According to Rödl, Wittgenstein responded to the implosion of Frege’s principle that the nature of thought consists in its inferential order, but his Philosophical Investigations shied away from (...)
     
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  45. Experiential Awareness: Do You Prefer “It” to “Me”?Miguel Ángel Sebastián - 2012 - Philosophical Topics 40 (2):155-177.
    In having an experience one is aware of having it. Having an experience requires some form of access to one's own state, which distinguishes phenomenally conscious mental states from other kinds of mental states. Until very recently, Higher-Order (HO) theories were the only game in town aiming at offering a full-fledged account of this form of awareness within the analytical tradition. Independently of any objections that HO theories face, First/Same-Order (F/SO) theorists need to offer an account of such access to (...)
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  46.  9
    Moses Maimonides : An Intellectual Portrait.Joel L. Kraemer - 2005 - In Kenneth Seeskin (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Maimonides. Cambridge University Press. pp. 10--57.
  47.  4
    Cognitive Style, Cortical Stimulation, and the Conversion Hypothesis.David J. M. Kraemer, Roy H. Hamilton, Samuel B. Messing, Jennifer H. DeSantis & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  48. Silencing the Experience of Change.Sebastian Watzl - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (3):1009-1032.
    Perceptual illusions have often served as an important tool in the study of perceptual experience. In this paper I argue that a recently discovered set of visual illusions sheds new light on the nature of time consciousness. I suggest the study of these silencing illusions as a tool kit for any philosopher interested in the experience of time and show how to better understand time consciousness by combining detailed empirical investigations with a detailed philosophical analysis. In addition, and more specifically, (...)
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  49.  67
    Drop It Like It’s HOT: A Vicious Regress for Higher-Order Thought Theories.Miguel Sebastián - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (6):1563-1572.
    Higher-order thought theories of consciousness attempt to explain what it takes for a mental state to be conscious, rather than unconscious, by means of a HOT that represents oneself as being in the state in question. Rosenthal Consciousness and the self: new essays, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2011) stresses that the way we are aware of our own conscious states requires essentially indexical self-reference. The challenge for defenders of HOT theories is to show that there is a way to explain (...)
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  50.  5
    Imitation-Man and the 'New' Epiphenomenalism.Eric Russert Kraemer - 1980 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):479-487.
    A number of philosophers have recently held that the phenomenal aspect of experience cannot be adequately dealt with within a materialist account of the mind-body relation. A natural response for those who take both this objection and scientific considerations seriously is to adopt either a double-aspect theory of mind or a version of epiphenomenalism. In this paper I will examine such a view recently defended by Keith Campbell. Campbell calls his view a ‘new’ epiphenomenalism. I shall begin by considering Campbell's (...)
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