Results for 'Sebastian Ureta'

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  1. Ruination Science: Producing Knowledge From a Toxic World.Sebastian Ureta - 2021 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 46 (1):29-52.
    The multiple environmental crises our planet is experiencing forces us to change the ways we engage with it, especially the ones developed by scientific disciplines such as toxicology. In particular, widespread degradation should lead us to develop scientific practices that take environmental ruination as a framework condition, not only as an object of analysis. In doing so, we should take into account the practice of science at laboratories located in the peripheries of global science, institutions that have coexisted with extensive (...)
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  2.  42
    I—Sebastian Gardner: German Idealism.Sebastian Gardner - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):211-228.
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  3. Structuring Mind. The Nature of Attention and How It Shapes Consciousness.Sebastian Watzl - 2017 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    What is attention? How does attention shape consciousness? In an approach that engages with foundational topics in the philosophy of mind, the theory of action, psychology, and the neurosciences this book provides a unified and comprehensive answer to both questions. Sebastian Watzl shows that attention is a central structural feature of the mind. The first half of the book provides an account of the nature of attention. Attention is prioritizing, it consists in regulating priority structures. Attention is not another (...)
     
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  4.  27
    From Kant to Post-Kantian Idealism: German Idealism: Sebastian Gardner.Sebastian Gardner - 2002 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76 (1):211-228.
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  5.  16
    Sebastian Franck: Paradoxa.Sebastian Franck - 1995 - De Gruyter.
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  6.  14
    Sebastian Rand Review of John MacCumber, Time in the Ditch : American Philosophy and the McCarthy Era Northwestern, University Press, 2001, 213 P. [REVIEW]Sebastian Rand - unknown
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  7. Attention as Structuring of the Stream of Consciousness.Sebastian Watzl - 2011 - In Christopher Mole, Declan Smithies & Wayne Wu (eds.), Attention: Philosophical and Psychological Essays. Oxford University Press. pp. 145.
    This paper defends and develops the structuring account of conscious attention: attention is the conscious mental process of structuring one’s stream of consciousness so that some parts of it are more central than others. In the first part of the paper, I motivate the structuring account. Drawing on a variety of resources I argue that the phenomenology of attention cannot be fully captured in terms of how the world appears to the subject, as well as against an atomistic conception of (...)
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  8.  32
    Menschenrechte, Weltgesundheit und unsere Verantwortung: Thomas Pogge (Yale) im Gespräch mit Sebastian Laukötter (Münster)(Aktuelles).Thomas Pogge & Sebastian Laukötter - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (2):157-163.
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  9. The Nature of Attention.Sebastian Watzl - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (11):842-853.
    What is attention? Attention is often seen as a subject matter for the hard sciences of cognitive and brain processes, and is understood in terms of sub-personal mechanisms and processes. Correspondingly, there still is a stark contrast between the central role attention plays for the empirical investigation of the mind in psychology and the neurosciences, and its relative neglect in philosophy. Yet, over the past years, several philosophers have challenged the standard conception. A number of interesting philosophical questions concerning the (...)
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  10.  25
    El genoma humano Y sus implicancias para la humanidad.Tito Ureta - 2001 - Theoria 10 (1):57-66.
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  11.  33
    Entre la química Y la historia: Libre albedrío Y determinismo.Tito Ureta - 2009 - Theoria: Revista Ciencia, Arte y Humanidades 18 (1):35-41.
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  12.  4
    My Favourite Cell: Microinjected Frog Oocytes: A First‐Rate Test Tube for Studies on Metabolism and its Control.Tito Ureta & Jasna Radojkovi? - 1985 - Bioessays 2 (5):221-226.
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  13. Silencing the Experience of Change.Sebastian Watzl - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (3):1009-1032.
    Perceptual illusions have often served as an important tool in the study of perceptual experience. In this paper I argue that a recently discovered set of visual illusions sheds new light on the nature of time consciousness. I suggest the study of these silencing illusions as a tool kit for any philosopher interested in the experience of time and show how to better understand time consciousness by combining detailed empirical investigations with a detailed philosophical analysis. In addition, and more specifically, (...)
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  14.  67
    Drop It Like It’s HOT: A Vicious Regress for Higher-Order Thought Theories.Miguel Sebastián - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (6):1563-1572.
    Higher-order thought theories of consciousness attempt to explain what it takes for a mental state to be conscious, rather than unconscious, by means of a HOT that represents oneself as being in the state in question. Rosenthal Consciousness and the self: new essays, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2011) stresses that the way we are aware of our own conscious states requires essentially indexical self-reference. The challenge for defenders of HOT theories is to show that there is a way to explain (...)
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  15. The Philosophical Significance of Attention.Sebastian Watzl - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (10):722-733.
    What is the philosophical significance of attention? The present article provides an overview of recent debates surrounding the connections between attention and other topics of philosophical interest. In particular, it discusses the interplay between attention and consciousness, attention and agency, and attention and reference. The article outlines the questions and contemporary positions concerning how attention shapes the phenomenal character of experience, whether it is necessary or sufficient for consciousness, and whether it plays a special role in the best philosophical theories (...)
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  16.  9
    Dominaciones y Potestades , de G. Santayana: una introducción.Andrés Tutor de Ureta - 2012 - Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 13:454-461.
    El siguiente artículo se propone llevar a cabo una introducción crítica a una de las obras más difíciles del filósofo español Jorge Santayana. En primer lugar señalaré la importancia de la perspectiva teórica materialista de Santayana, aclararé a continuación el significado de los términos psique, Voluntad y espíritu, tres conceptos fundamentales para entender el escrito, así como el de las nociones de Dominación y de Potestad, analizando en último lugar la estructura tripartita de la obra. Confío en que el presente (...)
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  17.  12
    Incompatibility, Incommensurability, and Rationality in Value Pluralism: Isaiah Berlin’s Case.Andrés Tutor de Ureta - 2018 - The European Legacy 24 (2):146-161.
    ABSTRACTIsaiah Berlin’s idea of value pluralism has been extensively discussed in recent decades. However, there is still much controversy about the actual meaning and implication of the terms “incompatibility” and “incommensurability” when applied to values. This article analyses the Berlinian concept of value pluralism from a theoretical point of view and argues that, following Berlin’s work, incompatibility should be defined as the impossibility of two ends being combined at a maximum level―though it is possible to find compromises between them when (...)
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  18. Tres elementos fundamentales en la idea de nacionalismo de Isaiah Berlin.Andrés Tutor de Ureta - 2009 - Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 9:225-230.
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  19.  23
    Methodological Reflections on the Contribution of Qualitative Research to the Evaluation of Clinical Ethics Support Services.Sebastian Wäscher, Sabine Salloch, Peter Ritter, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (4):237-245.
    This article describes a process of developing, implementing and evaluating a clinical ethics support service intervention with the goal of building up a context-sensitive structure of minimal clinical-ethics in an oncology department without prior clinical ethics structure. Scholars from different disciplines have called for an improvement in the evaluation of clinical ethics support services for different reasons over several decades. However, while a lot has been said about the concepts and methodological challenges of evaluating CESS up to the present time, (...)
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  20. Perplexities of Consciousness, by Eric Schwitzgebel. [REVIEW]Sebastian Watzl & Wayne Wu - 2012 - Mind 121 (482):524-529.
  21. Self-Consciousness.Sebastian Rödl - 2007 - Harvard University Press.
    The topic of this book is self-consciousness, which is a kind of knowledge, namely knowledge of oneself as oneself, or self-knowledge.
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  22. The Significance of Attention.Sebastian Watzl - 2010 - Dissertation, Columbia University
    This dissertation investigates the nature, the phenomenal character and the philosophical significance of attention. According to its central thesis, attention is the ongoing mental activity of structuring the stream of consciousness or phenomenal field. The dissertation connects the scientific study of attention in psychology and the neurosciences with central discussions in the philosophy of mind. Once we get clear on the nature and the phenomenal character of attention, we can make progress toward understanding foundational issues concerning the nature and the (...)
     
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  23.  29
    Christian Huygens' Lost and Forgotten Pamphlet of His Pendulum Invention.Sebastian Whitestone - 2012 - Annals of Science 69 (1):91-104.
    Summary Until recently it was believed that Christian Huygens? earliest publication of his pendulum invention was Horologium of 1658. He published the more famous general treatise, Horologium Oscillatorium, fifteen years later in 1673. Two years ago, an article1 suggesting an unknown collaboration in developing the clock pendulum between Huygens and the Paris clockmaker Isaac Thuret, presented the evidence of Benjamin Martin, an 18th century educationalist and retailer of scientific material. Martin described a Huygens publication of 1657 and reproduced the illustration (...)
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  24.  39
    Attentional Organization and the Unity of Consciousness.Sebastian Watzl - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (7-8):56-87.
    Could the organization of consciousness be the key to understanding its unity? This paper considers how the attentional organization of consciousness into centre and periphery bears on the phenomenal unity of consciousness. Two ideas are discussed: according to the first, the attentional organization of consciousness shows that phenomenal holism is true. I argue that the argument from attentional organization to phenomenal holism remains inconclusive. According to the second idea, attentional organization provides a principle of unity for conscious experience, i.e. it (...)
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  25.  11
    Revolutionary Expressivism.Michael Ridge Sebastian Köhler - 2013 - Ratio 26 (4):428-449.
    While the meta‐ethical error theory has been of philosophical interest for some time now, only recently a debate has emerged about the question what is to be done if the error theory turns out to be true. This paper argues for a novel answer to this question, namely revolutionary expressivism: if the error theory is true, we should become expressivists. Additionally, the paper explores certain important but largely ignored methodological issues that arise for reforming definitions generally and with a vengeance (...)
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  26.  45
    Cognitive Access and Cognitive Phenomenology: Conceptual and Empirical Issues.Miguel Ángel Sebastián - 2016 - Philosophical Explorations 19 (2):188-204.
    The well-known distinction between access consciousness and phenomenal consciousness has moved away from the conceptual domain into the empirical one, and the debate now is focused on whether the neural mechanisms of cognitive access are constitutive of the neural correlate of phenomenal consciousness. In this paper, I want to analyze the consequences that a negative reply to this question has for the cognitive phenomenology thesis – roughly the claim that there is a “proprietary” phenomenology of thoughts. If the mechanisms responsible (...)
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  27.  13
    Multidimensional Recurrence Quantification Analysis for the Analysis of Multidimensional Time-Series: A Software Implementation in MATLAB and Its Application to Group-Level Data in Joint Action.Sebastian Wallot, Andreas Roepstorff & Dan Mønster - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  28. Generalizing Empirical Adequacy II: Partial Structures.Sebastian Lutz - forthcoming - Synthese 198 (2):1351-1380.
    I show that extant attempts to capture and generalize empirical adequacy in terms of partial structures fail. Indeed, the motivations for the generalizations in the partial structures approach are better met by the generalizations via approximation sets developed in “Generalizing Empirical Adequacy I”. Approximation sets also generalize partial structures.
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  29.  38
    Space of Culture: Towards a Neo Kantian Philosophy Culture.Sebastian Luft - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Sebastian Luft explores the philosophy of culture championed by the Marburg School of Neo-Kantianism. Following a historical trajectory from Hermann Cohen to Paul Natorp and through to Ernst Cassirer, he defends the attractiveness of a philosophical culture in the transcendental vein.
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  30.  11
    Interaction-Dominant Causation in Mind and Brain, and Its Implication for Questions of Generalization and Replication.Sebastian Wallot & Damian G. Kelty-Stephen - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (2):353-374.
    The dominant assumption about the causal architecture of the mind is, that it is composed of a stable set of components that contribute independently to relevant observables that are employed to measure cognitive activity. This view has been called component-dominant dynamics. An alternative has been proposed, according to which the different components are not independent, but fundamentally interdependent, and are not stable basic properties of the mind, but rather an emergent feature of the mind given a particular task context. This (...)
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  31.  12
    Ultrafast Cognition.Sebastian Wallot & Guy Van Orden - 2012 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (5-6):5-6.
    Observations of ultrafast cognition in human performance challenge intuitive information processing and computation metaphors of cognitive processing. Instances of ultrafast cognition are marked by ultrafast response times of reliable, accurate responses to a relatively complex stimulus. Ultrafast means response times that are as fast as a single feedforward burst of activity across the nervous system connecting eye to hand. Thus the information processing and computation metaphors in question are those in which some amount of time is required to decide and (...)
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  32.  37
    Moral Responsibility Without Personal Identity?Sebastian Köhler - 2021 - Erkenntnis 86 (1):39-58.
    Moral responsibility seems to presuppose personal identity. However, there are problems with this view, raised by Derek Parfit’s arguments for the view that personal identity isn’t what matters for our practical concerns. While Parfit discusses moral responsibility only in passing, the problems that arise for the connection between moral responsibility and personal identity have recently been sharpened by David Shoemaker. This paper defends the claim that moral responsibility presupposes personal identity against these problems. It argues, first, that only reductionist views (...)
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  33.  16
    Envisioning the ‘Sharing City’: Governance Strategies for the Sharing Economy.Sebastian Vith, Achim Oberg, Markus A. Höllerer & Renate E. Meyer - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (4):1023-1046.
    Recent developments around the sharing economy bring to the fore questions of governability and broader societal benefit—and subsequently the need to explore effective means of public governance, from nurturing, on the one hand, to restriction, on the other. As sharing is a predominately urban phenomenon in modern societies, cities around the globe have become both locus of action and central actor in the debates over the nature and organization of the sharing economy. However, cities vary substantially in the interpretation of (...)
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  34. The Single Act of Combining.Sebastian Rödl - 2013 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (1):213-220.
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  35. What Was the Syntax‐Semantics Debate in the Philosophy of Science About?Sebastian Lutz - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 95 (2):319-352.
    The debate between critics of syntactic and semantic approaches to the formalization of scientific theories has been going on for over 50 years. I structure the debate in light of a recent exchange between Hans Halvorson, Clark Glymour, and Bas van Fraassen and argue that the only remaining disagreement concerns the alleged difference in the dependence of syntactic and semantic approaches on languages of predicate logic. This difference turns out to be illusory.
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  36.  62
    Perceptual Guidance.Sebastian Watzl - 2014 - Ratio 27 (4):414-438.
    Proponents of an intentionalist theory of perceptual experience have taken for granted that perceptual experience is an informing form of intentionality. Hence they often speak of the way an experience represents the environment to be, or what there is. In this respect perceptual experience is thus assumed to resemble a speech act like assertion or a mental state like belief. There is another important form of intentionality though that concerns not what there is, but what to do. I call this (...)
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  37. Irrationality and the Philosophy of Psychoanalysis.Sebastian Gardner - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    In a reconstruction of the theories of Freud and Klein, Sebastian Gardner asks: what causes irrationality, what must the mind be like for it to be irrational, to what extent does irrationality involve self-awareness, and what is the point of irrationality? Arguing that psychoanalytic theory provides the most penetrating answers to these questions, he rejects the widespread view of the unconscious as a 'second mind', in favour of a view of it as a source of inherently irrational desires seeking (...)
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  38. Can Representationism Explain How Attention Affects Appearances?Sebastian Watzl - forthcoming - In Adam Pautz & Daniel Stoljar (eds.), Themes from Block. Boston, USA: The MIT Press.
    Recent psychological research shows that attention affects appearances. An “attended item looks bigger, faster, earlier, more saturated, stripier.” (Block 2010, p. 41). What is the significance of these findings? Ned Block has argued that they undermine representationism, roughly the view that the phenomenal character of perception is determined by its representational content. My first goal in this paper is to show that Block’s argument has the structure of a Problem of Arbitrary Phenomenal Variation and that it improves on other instances (...)
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  39.  27
    Kann die Geschichte der DDR heute schon geschrieben werden?: Rundfunkvortrag von Kurt Nowak, gesendet von Deutschland-Radio Berlin am 11.8.2001 Mit einer Einleitung hg. von Sebastian Kranich.Sebastian Kranich - 2012 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 19 (2):293-308.
    This edition contains the last radio essay of the church-historian Kurt Nowak. It has the title: “Is it able, to write the history of the GDR yet?” The introduction takes up this question in the context of his reflections about the former GDR in other texts.
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  40.  3
    Book Reviews: Lorraine Daston and Elizabeth Lunbeck (Eds), Histories of Scientific Observation_, Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2011 (Sebastian Mateiescu) Robert Goulding, _Defending Hypatia: Ramus, Savile, and the Renaissance Rediscovery of Mathematical History_, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London and New York: Springer, 2010 (Iovan Drehe) Tudor Dinu, _Dimitrie Cantemir Ş Nicolae Mavrocordat. Rivalităţi Politice Şi Literare la Începutul Secolului XVIII_, [_Démétrius Cantemir Et Nicolas Mavrocordatos. Rivalités Politiques Et Littéraires au Début du XVIIIe Siècle_] Bucureşti, Humanitas, 2011 (Ovidiu Olar); Book Received: G. W. Leibniz, _Discourse on Metaphysics and Other Writings, Edited by Peter Loptson, Translated by Robert Latta and George R. Montgomery, with Revisions by Peter Loptson, Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Editions, 2012 (Sorin Costreie). [REVIEW]Sebastian Mateiescu, Iovan Drehe & Ovidiu Olar - 2013 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 2 (1):165-190.
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  41.  37
    Access, Phenomenology and Sorites.Miguel Ángel Sebastián - 2018 - Ratio 31 (3):285-293.
    The non-transitivity of the relation looks the same as has been used to argue that the relation has the same phenomenal character as is non-transitive—a result that jeopardizes certain theories of consciousness. In this paper, I argue against this conclusion while granting the premise by dissociating lookings and phenomenology; an idea that some might find counter-intuitive. However, such an intuition is left unsupported once phenomenology and cognitive access are distinguished from each other; a distinction that is conceptually and empirically grounded.
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  42. Education and Autonomy.Sebastian Rödl - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 50 (1):84-97.
  43. The Neo-Kantian Reader.Sebastian Luft (ed.) - 2015 - Routledge.
    The latter half of the nineteenth and the early part of the twentieth century witnessed a remarkable resurgence of interest in Kant’s philosophy in Continental Europe, the effects of which are still being felt today. _The Neo-Kantian Reader_ is the first anthology to collect the most important primary sources in Neo-Kantian philosophy, with many being published here in English for the first time. It includes extracts on a rich and diverse number of subjects, including logic, epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, (...)
     
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  44.  7
    When Apes Point the Finger: Three Great Ape Species Fail to Use a Conspecific’s Imperative Pointing Gesture.Sebastian Tempelmann, Juliane Kaminski & Katja Liebal - 2013 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 14 (1):7-23.
    In contrast to apes’ seemingly sophisticated skill at producing pointing gestures referentially, the comprehension of other individual’s pointing gestures as a source of indexical information seems to be less pronounced.One reason for apes’ difficulty at comprehending pointing gestures might be that in former studies they were mainly confronted with human declarative pointing gestures, whereas apes have largely been shown to point imperatively and towards humans. In the present study bonobos, chimpanzees and orangutans were confronted with a conspecific’s imperative pointing gesture (...)
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  45.  11
    Effects of Social Network Factors on Information Acquisition and Adoption of Improved Groundnut Varieties: The Case of Uganda and Kenya.Mary Thuo, Alexandra A. Bell, Boris E. Bravo-Ureta, Michée A. Lachaud, David K. Okello, Evelyn Nasambu Okoko, Nelson L. Kidula, Carl M. Deom & Naveen Puppala - 2014 - Agriculture and Human Values 31 (3):339-353.
    Social networks play a significant role in learning and thus in farmers’ adoption of new agricultural technologies. This study examined the effects of social network factors on information acquisition and adoption of new seed varieties among groundnut farmers in Uganda and Kenya. The data were generated through face-to-face interviews from a random sample of 461 farmers, 232 in Uganda and 229 in Kenya. To assess these effects two alternative econometric models were used: a seemingly unrelated bivariate probit model and a (...)
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  46. Subjectivity and Lifeworld in Transcendental Phenomenology.Sebastian Luft - 2011 - Northwestern University Press.
    Part 1. Husserl: the outlines of the transcendental-phenomenological system -- 1. Husserl's phenomenological discovery of the natural attitude -- 2. Husserl's theory of the phenomenological reduction: between lifeworld and Cartesianism -- 3. Some methodological problems arising in Husserl's late reflections on the phenomenological reduction -- 4. Facticity and historicity as constituents of the lifeworld in Husserl's late philosophy -- 5. Husserl's concept of the "transcendental person": another look at the Husserl-Heidegger relationship -- 6. Dialectics of the absolute: the systematics of (...)
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  47. Categories of the Temporal: An Inquiry Into the Forms of the Finite Understanding.Sebastian Rödl - 2012 - Harvard University Press.
    The publication of Frege’s Begriffsschrift in 1879 forever altered the landscape for many Western philosophers. Here, Sebastian Rödl traces how the Fregean influence, written all over the development and present state of analytic philosophy, led into an unholy alliance of an empiricist conception of sensibility with an inferentialist conception of thought. -/- According to Rödl, Wittgenstein responded to the implosion of Frege’s principle that the nature of thought consists in its inferential order, but his Philosophical Investigations shied away from (...)
     
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  48. Experiential Awareness: Do You Prefer “It” to “Me”?Miguel Ángel Sebastián - 2012 - Philosophical Topics 40 (2):155-177.
    In having an experience one is aware of having it. Having an experience requires some form of access to one's own state, which distinguishes phenomenally conscious mental states from other kinds of mental states. Until very recently, Higher-Order (HO) theories were the only game in town aiming at offering a full-fledged account of this form of awareness within the analytical tradition. Independently of any objections that HO theories face, First/Same-Order (F/SO) theorists need to offer an account of such access to (...)
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  49.  23
    When Apes Point the Finger: Three Great Ape Species Fail to Use a Conspecifics Imperative Pointing Gesture.Sebastian Tempelmann, Juliane Kaminski & Katja Liebal - 2013 - Interaction Studies 14 (1):7-23.
    In contrast to apes' seemingly sophisticated skill at producing pointing gestures referentially, the comprehension of other individual's pointing gestures as a source of indexical information seems to be less pronounced.One reason for apes' difficulty at comprehending pointing gestures might be that in former studies they were mainly confronted with human declarative pointing gestures, whereas apes have largely been shown to point imperatively and towards humans. In the present study bonobos, chimpanzees and orangutans were confronted with a conspecific's imperative pointing gesture (...)
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  50.  76
    On a Confusion About Which Intuitions to Trust: From the Hard Problem to a Not Easy One.Miguel Sebastián - 2017 - Topoi 36 (1):31-40.
    Alleged self-evidence aside, conceivability arguments are one of the main reasons in favor of the claim that there is a Hard Problem. These arguments depend on the appealing Kripkean intuition that there is no difference between appearances and reality in the case of consciousness. I will argue that this intuition rests on overlooking a distinction between cognitive access and consciousness, which has received recently important empirical support. I will show that there are good reasons to believe that the intuition is (...)
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