Results for 'Selfishness'

206 found
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  1.  11
    Selfishness Examined: Cooperation in the Absence of Egoistic Incentives.Linnda R. Caporael, Robyn M. Dawes, John M. Orbell & Alphons J. C. van de Kragt - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):683.
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  2.  77
    On the Relationship Between Evolutionary and Psychological Definitions of Altruism and Selfishness.David Sloan Wilson - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):61-68.
    I examine the relationship between evolutionary definitions of altruism that are based on fitness effects and psychological definitions that are based on the motives of the actor. I show that evolutionary altruism can be motivated by proximate mechanisms that are psychologically either altruistic or selfish. I also show that evolutionary definitions do rely upon motives as a metaphor in which the outcome of natural selection is compared to the decisions of a psychologically selfish (or altruistic) individual. Ignoring the precise nature (...)
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  3.  30
    The Mythology of Selfishness.Mary Midgley - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 53:35-45.
    Darwin said that our social instincts are so crucial to our lives that they must have been strongly developed during evolution by means of group-selection. These instincts now ground our motives and shape the complexity of our lives. So the idea of deriving all our motivation from the single stem of “selfishness” is radically mistaken.
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  4.  38
    Selfishness, Altruism, and Our Future Selves.Pierre Le Morvan - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (3):409 – 424.
    In this article, I defend the thesis that selfishness and altruism can be intrapersonal . In doing so, I argue that the notions of intrapersonal altruism and selfishness usefully pick out behavioural patterns and have predictive value. I also argue that my thesis helps enrich our understanding of the prudential, and can subsume some interesting work in economic and psychological theory.
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  5.  27
    Selfishness and Sex or Cooperation and Family Values?Joshua M. Ackerman & Douglas T. Kenrick - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):21-21.
    Evolutionary models of behavior often encounter resistance due to an apparent focus on themes of sex, selfishness, and gender differences. The target article might seem ripe for such criticism. However, life history theory suggests that these themes, and their counterparts, including cooperation, generosity, and gender similarities, represent two sides of the same coin – all are consequences of reproductive trade-offs made throughout development.
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  6.  20
    A Cross-Species Perspective on the Selfishness Axiom.Sarah F. Brosnan & Frans B. M. de Waal - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):818-818.
    Henrich et al. describe an innovative research program investigating cross-cultural differences in the selfishness axiom (in economic games) in humans, yet humans are not the only species to show such variation. Chimpanzees and capuchin monkeys show signs of deviating from the standard self-interest paradigm in experimental settings by refusing to take foods that are less valuable than those earned by conspecifics, indicating that they, too, may pay attention to relative gains. However, it is less clear whether these species also (...)
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  7.  2
    Nietzsche on Selfishness, Justice, and the Duties of the Higher Men.Mathias Risse - 2008 - In Paul Bloomfield (ed.), Morality and Self-Interest. Oxford University Press.
    This study explores Nietzsche's views on selfishness and its role within his envisaged “revaluation of values”. Nietzsche advocates selfishness only for the “higher men” those characters who embody human excellence and whom he hopes will replace the person of guilt and ressentiment. Important parts of Nietzsche's mature work can be read as offering approaches to traditional philosophical problems in the spirit of the emerging biological sciences of his day, in particular physiology and evolutionary biology. Particularly striking in this (...)
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  8.  9
    The Philosophy of Selfishness and Metaphysical Ethics (1891).Voltairine de Cleyre - unknown
    interested. Interested because I believe that as one of the leaders of the ethical movement Mr. Slater is aware that there is no more frequent or more fatal error to overcome, in his work, than this very philosophy of selfishness, and therefore should be one of those best conversant with the proofs of its shallowness and falsity.
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  9.  7
    Selfishness and Capitalism1.Tibor R. Machan - 1974 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 17 (1-4):338-344.
    Richard Schmitt's case against the psychological defense of capitalism (Inquiry, Vol. 16, No. 2) has merit, but in stating it he attributes to a defender of capitalism the argument that capitalism suits people's innate selfishness. The position more plausibly attributed to the author in question is not only resistant to Schmitt's own arguments but is worth consideration in itself.
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  10. The Mythology of Selfishness.Mary Midgley - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 53:35-45.
    Darwin said that our social instincts are so crucial to our lives that they must have been strongly developed during evolution by means of group-selection. These instincts now ground our motives and shape the complexity of our lives. So the idea of deriving all our motivation from the single stem of “selfishness” is radically mistaken.
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  11.  2
    Marsha Familaro Enright's Essay, “The Problem with Selfishness”.Arnold Baise, Merlin Jetton & Marsha Familaro Enright - 2015 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 15 (1):117-125.
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  12.  8
    The Problem with Selfishness.Marsha Familaro Enright - 2014 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 14 (1):38-54.
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  13. Butler on Selfishness and Self-Love.Richard G. Henson - 1988 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (1):31-57.
  14. Styles of Selfishness.Daniel Brudney - 2010 - In Garry Hagberg & Walter Jost (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Literature. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  15.  20
    Beyond Selfishness.Robert C. Solomon - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):453-460.
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  16.  25
    Response to Williams: Selfishness is Not Enough.Michael Ruse - 1988 - Zygon 23 (4):413-416.
  17.  29
    Selfishness and the Social Order.Helan M. Toole - 1944 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):754-756.
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  18. The Right to Selfishness: Yangism, Later Mohism, Chuang Tzu.A. C. Graham - 1985 - In Donald J. Munro (ed.), Individualism and Holism: Studies in Confucian and Taoist Values. Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan. pp. 73--84.
     
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  19.  4
    The Selfishness-Altruism Debate: In Defense of Agnosticism.Philip E. Tetlock - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):723.
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  20.  90
    Selfishness and Unselfishness.George Morgan Jr - 1940 - Journal of Philosophy 37 (15):401-407.
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  21.  13
    Beyond Selfishness : Epicurean Ethics in Nietzsche and Guyau.Keith Ansell-Pearson - unknown
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  22.  3
    Selfishness Reexamined.R. I. M. Dunbar - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):700.
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  23.  9
    Can Consequentialism Require Selfishness? In Advance.Ryan W. Davis - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophical Research.
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  24. Selfishness, Sociobiology, and Self-Identities: Dilemmas and Confusions.Ian Vine - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):725.
  25.  3
    Stacked Deck: A Story of Selfishness in America.Lawrence E. Mitchell - 1998 - Temple University Press.
    In Stacked Deck, Mitchell shows us how this artificial reality buries the way we truly,live.Mitchell uses examples drawn from history, politics, law, and ...
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  26.  19
    The Genial Gene: Deconstructing Darwinian Selfishness.Barry Allen - 2010 - Common Knowledge 16 (3):559-559.
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  27.  48
    The Genial Gene: Deconstructing Darwinian Selfishness. By Joan Roughgarden.Charles F. Smith - 2010 - Zygon 45 (1):284-285.
  28. Stewardship, Sanctimony and Selfishness–a Heritage Paradox.David Lowenthal - 1998 - In John Arnold, Kate Davies & Simon Ditchfield (eds.), History and Heritage: Consuming the Past in Contemporary Culture. Donhead. pp. 169--179.
     
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  29.  50
    Altruism and Selfishness.Howard Rachlin - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):239-250.
    Many situations in human life present choices between (a) narrowly preferred particular alternatives and (b) narrowly less preferred (or aversive) particular alternatives that nevertheless form part of highly preferred abstract behavioral patterns. Such alternatives characterize problems of self-control. For example, at any given moment, a person may accept alcoholic drinks yet also prefer being sober to being drunk over the next few days. Other situations present choices between (a) alternatives beneficial to an individual and (b) alternatives that are less beneficial (...)
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  30.  11
    Aristotle on Selfishness? Understanding the Iconoclasm of Nicomachean Ethics Ix 8.Gregory Salmieri - 2014 - Ancient Philosophy 34 (1):101-120.
  31.  7
    Do Markets Foster Selfishness?Alan Kirman & Miriam Teschl - 2010 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 11 (1):113.
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  32.  10
    Beyond Selfishness: Adam Smith and the Limits of the MarketAdam Smith and His Legacy for Modern Capitalism.Robert C. Solomon & Patricia Werhane - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):453.
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  33.  3
    The Good Life: Wellbeing and the New Science of Altruism, Selfishness and Immorality.Jessica Lloyd-Hazlett - 2016 - Journal of Moral Education 45 (1):105-107.
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  34.  19
    A Dialogue on Selfishness.A. MacC Armstrong - 1980 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (4):496-511.
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  35.  22
    On the Nature of Selfishness.Joseph Katz - 1948 - Journal of Philosophy 45 (4):96-103.
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  36.  14
    The Possibility of Selfishness.Andrew Oldenquist - 1980 - American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (1):25 - 33.
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  37.  3
    Commerce and Selfishness.Richard J. Arneson - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (sup1):211-232.
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  38.  15
    The Morality of Self-Interest. By Robert G. Olson. Longmans Canada, Toronto. 1965. Pp. X, 182. $4.35.The Virtue of Selfishness. By Ayn Rand. General Publishing Company Limited, Don Mills, Ontario. 1965. Pp. Xv, 207. [REVIEW]Leonard A. Kennedy - 1966 - Dialogue 5 (3):461-462.
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  39.  5
    Innate Selfishness, Innate Sociality.Susan Oyama - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):717.
  40.  9
    The Virtue of Selfishness.J. M. B. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):729-729.
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  41.  10
    Book Review:Selfishness, Altruism, and Rationality: A Theory of Social Choice. Howard Margolis. [REVIEW]Michael Taylor - 1983 - Ethics 94 (1):150-.
  42.  12
    An Economist's Perspective on Altruism and Selfishness.David K. Levine - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):267-268.
    Few disagree that altruism exists. The frequency and source of altruistic behavior remain mysterious, however.
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  43.  9
    Consequentialism, Moralities of Concern, and Selfishness.Ted Honderich - 1996 - Philosophy 71 (278):499 - 520.
    Here are some kinds of reasons for taking an action to have been morally right. It was done out of a good intention or a pure good will on the part of the agent, or was owed to a virtue of hers. It issued from the agent's moral perception or intuition with respect to a situation, not from the application of a general principle or from calculation of the consequences of possible actions. Although it would give rise to distress or (...)
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  44.  4
    Selfishness Reexamined: No Man is an Island.Alasdair I. Houston & William D. Hamilton - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):709.
  45.  3
    The Benefits of Selfishness.R. Machan Tibor - 2003 - Free Inquiry 23 (3):61.
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  46.  1
    Selfishness, Exploitation and the Profit Motive.A. Flew - unknown
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  47.  1
    The Virtue of Selfishness: A New Concept of Egoism. [REVIEW]M. B. J. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):729-729.
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  48.  1
    Philanthropy and Selfishness.John O'Connor - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 4 (2):113.
    The question I want to discuss is “How can I say ‘No’ to a fund-raising appeal?” Since many people apparently find it easy to say “No,” it is not clear what the problem is. Put briefly, the problem is this: I do not want to think of myself as uncaring, unfeeling, and insensitive to the needs of others. And yet, within the last year I have not responded to appeals for funds from a wide variety of causes: medical research, famine (...)
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  49. Commerce and Selfishness.Richard J. Arneson - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 8:211.
     
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  50. Balancing Altruism And Selfishness: Evolutionary Theory And The Foundation Of Morality.Margaret Gruter & Roger Masters - 1996 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 4.
    Although the field of bioethics usually emphasizes ethical dilemmas arising from contemporary biomedical research, at another level the foundation of ethical judgments can be explored in the light of evolutionary biology. Two scientific approaches illuminate the relationships between human nature, social environments, and standards of ethical judgment: first, ethology and the observational study of nonhuman primates; second, evolutionary theory and new developments in the understanding of natural selection. Ethology shows that humans, like the species most closely related to us, are (...)
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