Results for 'Semantics, Comparative'

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  1. Studies in Comparative Semantics.Paul Canart - 1979 - St. Martin's Press.
     
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  2. The Syntax and Semantics of Split Constructions: A Comparative Study.Alastair Butler - 2004 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Split constructions are widespread in natural languages. The separation of the semantic restriction of a quantifier from that quantifier is a typical example of such a construction. This study addresses the problem that such discontinuous strings exhibit--namely, a number of locality constraints, including intervention effects. These are shown to follow from the interaction of a minimalist syntax with a semantics that directly assigns a model-theoretic interpretation to syntactic logical forms. The approach is shown to have wide empirical coverage and a (...)
     
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  3.  3
    Role of Semantics in Remembering Comparative Sentences.Herbert H. Clark & Stuart K. Card - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):545.
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  4.  24
    On the Semantics of Comparative Correlatives in Mandarin Chinese.J. -W. Lin - 2007 - Journal of Semantics 24 (2):169-213.
    The main objective of this article is to provide a formal semantics of comparative correlatives of the form ‘yuè …, (jiù ) yuè … ’ in Mandarin Chinese. A new analysis is proposed which treats the comparative correlatives as one which involves a quantificational tripartite structure and which derives all the meanings of the ‘yuè …, (jiù) yuè … ’ constructions through a comparison of degrees which relate to different or same individuals. The comparison of the same or (...)
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    How Comparative is Semantics? A Unified ParametricTheory of Bare Nouns and Proper Names.Giuseppe Longobardi - 2001 - Natural Language Semantics 9 (4):335-369.
    One of the two central suggestions put forth in Longobardi (1991, 1994) was that Romance/English differences in the syntax of proper names were parametrically connected to supposed differences in the semantics of bare (plural and mass) common nouns (BNs). The present article will pursue this line of investigation, trying to make precise such meaning differences and to understand the reason for their apparently surprising parametric association with the syntax of proper names.It will be shown that in most Romance varieties BNs, (...)
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  6. On the Semantics of Comparative Correlatives in Mandarin Chinese.Jo-Wang Lin - 2007 - Journal of Semantics 24 (2):169-213.
    The main objective of this article is to provide a formal semantics of comparative correlatives of the form ‘ yuè …, yuè … ’ in Mandarin Chinese. A new analysis is proposed which treats the comparative correlatives as one which involves a quantificational tripartite structure and which derives all the meanings of the ‘ yuè …, yuè … ’ constructions through a comparison of degrees which relate to different or same individuals. The comparison of the same or different (...)
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  7.  8
    The Semantics of 'Spirituality' and Related Self-Identifications: A Comparative Study in Germany and the USA.Barbara Keller, Constantin Klein, Anne Swhajor-Biesemann, Christopher F. Silver, Ralph Hood & Heinz Streib - 2013 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 35 (1):71-100.
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    The Semantics of ‘Spirituality’ and Related Self-Identifications: A Comparative Study in Germany and the USA.Barbara Keller, Constantin Klein, Anne Swhajor-Biesemann, Christopher F. Silver, Ralph Hood & Heinz Streib - 2013 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 35 (1):71-100.
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  9.  51
    On the Semantics of Comparative Conditionals.Sigrid Beck - 1997 - Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (3):229-271.
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  10.  12
    Comparative Spatial Semantics and Language Acquisition: Evidence From Danish, English, and Japanese.Chris Sinha, Lis A. Thorseng, Mariko Hayashi & Kim Plunkett - 1994 - Journal of Semantics 11 (4):253-287.
    Spatial relational meaning is typically predominantly expressed in English and related languages by die locative particle system. Even between closely related languages such as Danish and English, there are substantial differences with respect to both the semantics and the morphology of locative particles. Other languages (including Japanese), although they may use locative particles in spatial relational expression, distribute spatial relational meaning quite differendy between and within form classes. We investigate the consequences of these differences for the acquisition of spatial relational (...)
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  11. Language, Science, and Action: Korzybski's General Semantics: A Study in Comparative Intellectual History.Ross Evans Paulson - 1983 - Greenwood Press.
     
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  12.  13
    Introduction: The Longue Duree of Empire Toward a Comparative Semantics of a Key Concept in Modern European History.Jorn Leonhard - 2013 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 8 (1):1-25.
    Against the background of a new interest in empires past and present and an inflation of the concept in modern political language and beyond, the article first looks at the use of the concept as an analytical marker in historical and current interpretations of empires. With a focus on Western European cases, the concrete semantics of empire as a key concept in modern European history is analyzed, combining a reconstruction of some diachronic trends with synchronic differentiations.
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  13.  59
    A Semantics for Positive and Comparative Adjectives.Ewan Klein - 1980 - Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (1):1--45.
  14.  49
    The Changing Role Ofentia Rationis in Mediaeval Semantics and Ontology: A Comparative Study with a Reconstruction.Gyula Klima - 1993 - Synthese 96 (1):25 - 58.
  15.  16
    On the Semantics of Comparative Logic.Pierluigi Minari - 1988 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 34 (5):433-448.
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  16. Possible-Worlds Semantics as a Framework for Comparative and Critical Philosophy.Jaakko Hintikka - 1977 - In Gilbert Ryle (ed.), Contemporary Aspects of Philosophy. Oriel Press. pp. 57.
     
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  17.  38
    Semantics and Comparative Logic.Arthur Nieuwendijk - 1992 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 20 (4):377-418.
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  18.  13
    Preferential Semantics for the Logic of Comparative Similarity Over Triangular and Metric Models.Régis Alenda & Nicola Olivetti - 2012 - In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 1--13.
  19.  3
    On the Semantics of Comparative Logic.Pierluigi Minari - 1988 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 34 (5):433-448.
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  20. A Study in Comparative Semantics.Ernest LePore & Barry Loewer - 1990 - In C. A. Anderson J. Owens (ed.), Propositional Attitudes: The Role of Content in Logic, Language, and Mind. CSLI Publications. pp. 20--91.
     
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  21.  41
    Embedded Counterfactuals and Possible Worlds Semantics.Charles B. Cross - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (3):665-673.
    Stephen Barker argues that a possible worlds semantics for the counterfactual conditional of the sort proposed by Stalnaker and Lewis cannot accommodate certain examples in which determinism is true and a counterfactual Q > R is false, but where, for some P, the compound counterfactual P > is true. I argue that the completeness theorem for Lewis’s system VC of counterfactual logic shows that Stalnaker–Lewis semantics does accommodate Barker’s example, and I argue that its doing so should be understood as (...)
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  22. Semantics.John Lyons - 1977 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book, which can be read independently, deals with more specifically linguistic problems in semantics and contains substantial original material.
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  23. Contrastive Semantics and Pragmatics.Katarzyna Jaszczolt & Ken Turner (eds.) - 1996 - Pergamon Press.
    v. 1. Meanings and representations -- v. 2. Discourse strategies.
     
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  24. Ceteris Paribus Conditionals and Comparative Normalcy.Martin Smith - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (1):97 - 121.
    Our understanding of subjunctive conditionals has been greatly enhanced through the use of possible world semantics and, more precisely, by the idea that they involve variably strict quantification over possible worlds. I propose to extend this treatment to ceteris paribus conditionals - that is, conditionals that incorporate a ceteris paribus or 'other things being equal' clause. Although such conditionals are commonly invoked in scientific theorising, they traditionally arouse suspicion and apprehensiveness amongst philosophers. By treating ceteris paribus conditionals as a species (...)
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  25.  68
    Semantics: Primes and Universals.Anna Wierzbicka - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    Conceptual primitives and semantic universals are the cornerstones of a semantic theory which Anna Wierzbicka has been developing for many years. Semantics: Primes and Universals is a major synthesis of her work, presenting a full and systematic exposition of that theory in a non-technical and readable way. It delineates a full set of universal concepts, as they have emerged from large-scale investigations across a wide range of languages undertaken by the author and her colleagues. On the basis of empirical cross-linguistic (...)
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  26.  18
    Mass Terms and Model-Theoretic Semantics.Harry C. Bunt - 1985 - Cambridge University Press.
    'Mass terms', words like water, rice and traffic, have proved very difficult to accommodate in any theory of meaning since, unlike count nouns such as house or dog, they cannot be viewed as part of a logical set and differ in their grammatical properties. In this study, motivated by the need to design a computer program for understanding natural language utterances incorporating mass terms, Harry Bunt provides a thorough analysis of the problem and offers an original and detailed solution. An (...)
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  27.  20
    A Semantics for Groups and Events.Peter Lasersohn - 1990 - Garland.
    This dissertation provides a model-theoretic semantics for English sentences atttributing a property or action to a group of objects, either collectively or distributively. It is shown that certain adverbial expressions select for collective predicates; therefore collective and distibutive predicates must be distinguishable. This finding is problematic for recent accounts of distributive predicates which analyze such predicates as taking group-level arguments, and hence as not distinguishable from collective predicates. ;A group-level treatment of distributives is possible, however, if predicate denotations are relativized (...)
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  28.  23
    Lexical Semantics Without Thematic Roles.Yael Ravin - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
    In this interpretive analysis, Ravin argues that thematic roles are not valid semantic entities, and that syntax and semantics are indeed autonomous and independent of one another. Suggesting a decompositional approach to lexical semantics in the spirit of Katz's semantic theory, the book considers such theoretical issues as indeterminacy and ambiguity, lexical configuration rules, and lexical projection, and analyzes the semantic content of event concepts such as causation, action, and change.
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  29.  38
    The Semantics of Syntax: A Minimalist Approach to Grammar.Denis Bouchard - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    During the last thirty years, most linguists and philosophers have assumed that meaning can be represented symbolically and that the mental processing of language involves the manipulation of symbols. Scholars have assembled strong evidence that there must be linguistic representations at several abstract levels--phonological, syntactic, and semantic--and that those representations are related by a describable system of rules. Because meaning is so complex, linguists often posit an equally complex relationship between semantic and other levels of grammar. The Semantics of Syntax (...)
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  30.  9
    Neuromimetic Semantics: Coordination, Quantification, and Collective Predicates.Harry Howard - 2004 - Elsevier.
    This book attempts to marry truth-conditional semantics with cognitive linguistics in the church of computational neuroscience. To this end, it examines the truth-conditional meanings of coordinators, quantifiers, and collective predicates as neurophysiological phenomena that are amenable to a neurocomputational analysis. Drawing inspiration from work on visual processing, and especially the simple/complex cell distinction in early vision (V1), we claim that a similar two-layer architecture is sufficient to learn the truth-conditional meanings of the logical coordinators and logical quantifiers. As a prerequisite, (...)
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  31. Motivating the Causal Modeling Semantics of Counterfactuals, or, Why We Should Favor the Causal Modeling Semantics Over the Possible-Worlds Semantics.Kok Yong Lee - 2015 - In Syraya Chin-Mu Yang, Duen-Min Deng & Hanti Lin (eds.), Structural Analysis of Non-Classical Logics The Proceedings of the Second Taiwan Philosophical Logic Colloquium. Springer. pp. 83-110.
    Philosophers have long analyzed the truth-condition of counterfactual conditionals in terms of the possible-worlds semantics advanced by Lewis [13] and Stalnaker [23]. In this paper, I argue that, from the perspective of philosophical semantics, the causal modeling semantics proposed by Pearl [17] and others (e.g., Briggs [3]) is more plausible than the Lewis-Stalnaker possible-worlds semantics. I offer two reasons. First, the possible-worlds semantics has suffered from a specific type of counterexamples. While the causal modeling semantics can handle such examples with (...)
     
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  32.  2
    Semantics: From Meaning to Text.Igorʹ A. Melʹčuk - 2012 - John Benjamins.
    This book presents an innovative and novel approach to linguistic semantics, beginning with the idea that language can be described as a system for the expression of linguistic Meanings as particular surface forms or Texts.
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  33. Semantics and Syntax: Parallels and Connections.J. E. Miller - 1985 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is concerned with the relationship between semantics and surface structure and in particular with the way in which each is mapped into the other. Jim Miller argues that semantic and syntactic structure require different representations and that semantic structure is far more complex than many analysts realise. He argues further that semantic structure should be based on notions of location and movement. The need for a semantic component of greater complexity is demonstrated by an examination of prepositions, particles, (...)
     
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  34. Algebraic Semantics in Language and Philosophy.Godehard Link - 1998 - CSLI Publications.
     
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  35. Type-Logical Semantics.Bob Carpenter - 1997 - MIT Press.
     
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  36. Compositionality in Formal Semantics: Selected Papers of Barbara Partee.Barbara Hall Partee - 2004 - Blackwell.
     
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  37.  39
    The Semantics of Grammar.Anna Wierzbicka - 1988 - John Benjamins.
    Introduction 1. Language and meaning Nothing is as easily overlooked, or as easily forgotten, as the most obvious truths. The tenet that language is a tool ...
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  38. Semantics and Comprehension.Herbert H. Clark - 1976 - Mouton.
     
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  39. Intermediate Quantities [I.E. Quantifiers] Logic, Linguistics, and Aristotelian Semantics.Philip L. Peterson - 2000
     
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  40.  18
    Confessions of a Lapsed Neo-Davidsonian: Events and Arguments in Compositional Semantics.Samuel Louis Bayer - 1997 - Garland.
    Chapter 1 Introduction How are participants associated with the eventualities they participate in? Are there events? Thematic roles? ...
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  41. Adverbial Modification Interval Semantics and its Rivals.M. J. Cresswell - 1985
     
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  42.  21
    Explorations in Semantics and Pragmatics.Geoffrey N. Leech - 1980 - Benjamins.
    INTRODUCTION The four papers in this book are slightly revised and updated versions of papers I wrote in the period 1973-77, while I was coming to terms ...
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  43. Metaphor and Non-Metaphor: The Semantics of Adjective Noun Combinations.Jan M. G. Aarts - 1979 - Niemeyer.
     
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  44. The Semantics of Adverbs.Barry Taylor - 1974
     
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  45. On the Semantics of Wh-Clauses.Stephen Berman - 1994 - Garland.
     
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  46. Definitions Implications for Syntax, Semantics, and the Language of Thought.Annabel Cormack - 1998
     
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  47. Lexical Representations and the Semantics of Complementation.Jean Mark Gawron - 1988 - Garland.
     
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  48. Formal Semantics and Pragmatics for Natural Languages.Franz Guenthner & S. J. Schmidt - 1979
     
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  49.  9
    Syntactic Effects of Conjunctivist Semantics: Unifying Movement and Adjunction.Tim Hunter - 2011 - John Benjamins Pub. Company.
    chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Goals In this book I will explore the syntactic and semantic properties of movement and adjunction in natural language, ...
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  50.  15
    Toward Logical Form: An Exploration of the Role of Syntax in Semantics.Lisa A. Reed - 1996 - Garland.
    Introduction 1.1 GOALS This book is devoted to an in-depth investigation of some of the properties of Logical Form (LF). In particular, the primary aim of ...
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