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Sergio Sismondo [35]Sergio Franco Sismondo [1]
  1.  13
    Philosophy of Biology.Sergio Sismondo - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):164.
  2. An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies.Sergio Sismondo - 2004 - Blackwell.
    The prehistory of science and technology studies -- The Kuhnian revolution -- Questioning functionalism in the sociology of science -- Stratification and discrimination -- The strong programme and the sociology of knowledge -- The social construction of scientific and technical realities -- Feminist epistemologies of science -- Actor-network theory -- Two questions concerning technology -- Studying laboratories -- Controversies -- Standardization and objectivity -- Rhetoric and discourse -- The unnaturalness of science and technology -- The public understanding of science -- (...)
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  3.  28
    Key Opinion Leaders and the Corruption of Medical Knowledge: What the Sunshine Act Will and Won’T Cast Light On.Sergio Sismondo - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):635-643.
    The pharmaceutical industry, in its marketing efforts, often turns to “key opinion leaders” or “KOLs” to disseminate scientific information. Drawing on the author's fieldwork, this article documents and examines the use of KOLs in pharmaceutical companies’ marketing efforts. Partly due to the use of KOLs, a small number of companies with well-defined and narrow interests have inordinate influence over how medical knowledge is produced, circulated, and consumed. The issue here, as in many other cases of institutional corruption, is that a (...)
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  4.  58
    Ghost Management: How Much of the Medical Literature is Shaped Behind the Scenes by the Pharmaceutical Industry?Sergio Sismondo - manuscript
    Anecdotes have shown that some articles on profitable drugs are constructed by and shepherded through publication by pharmaceutical companies and their agents, whose influence is largely invisible to readers. This is ghost-management, the substantial but unrecognized research, analysis, writing, editing and/or facilitation behind publication. Publicly available documents suggest that these practices extremely widespread affecting up to 40% of clinical trial reports in key periods but it has been unclear how representative these documents are. This article presents the results of an (...)
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  5.  18
    Models, Simulations, and Their Objects.Sergio Sismondo - 1999 - Science in Context 12 (2):247-260.
  6.  34
    Pharmaceutical Company Funding and its Consequences: A Qualitative Systematic Review.Sergio Sismondo - manuscript
    This article systematically reviews published studies of the association of pharmaceutical industry funding and clinical trial results, as well a few closely related studies. It reviews two earlier results, and surveys the recent literature. Results are clear: Pharmaceutical company sponsorship is strongly associated with results that favor the sponsors' interests.
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  7.  63
    Publication Ethics and the Ghost Management of Medical Publication.Sergio Sismondo & Mathieu Doucet - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (6):273-283.
    It is by now no secret that some scientific articles are ghost authored – that is, written by someone other than the person whose name appears at the top of the article. Ghost authorship, however, is only one sort of ghosting. In this article, we present evidence that pharmaceutical companies engage in the ghost management of the scientific literature, by controlling or shaping several crucial steps in the research, writing, and publication of scientific articles. Ghost management allows the pharmaceutical industry (...)
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  8. Pharmaceutical Maneuvers.Sergio Sismondo - unknown
    In 2003, the pharmaceutical company Biovail received a spate of negative publicity around a program for its heart medication Cardizem LA. For a three-month period Biovail paid US doctors US$1000 (and their office managers US$150) for patient data when at least 11 of their patients renewed a prescription to Cardizem. Doctors who signed up for the trial but who did not keep 11 patients on the drug received US$250 for participation. According to Biovail, this was a research trial, meeting US (...)
     
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  9. Deflationary Metaphysics and the Natures of Maps.Sergio Sismondo & Nicholas Chrisman - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (S3):S38-S49.
    "Scientific theories are maps of the natural world." This metaphor is often used as part of a deflationary argument for a weak but relatively global version of scientific realism, a version that recognizes the place of conventions, goals, and contingencies in scientific representations, while maintaining that they are typically true in a clear and literal sense. By examining, in a naturalistic way, some relationships between maps and what they map, we question the scope and value of realist construals of maps-and (...)
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  10.  10
    Deflationary Metaphysics and the Construction of Laboratory Mice.Sergio Sismondo - 1997 - Metaphilosophy 28 (3):219-232.
  11. The Scientific Domains of Feminist Standpoints.Sergio Sismondo - 1995 - Perspectives on Science 3 (1):49-65.
  12.  29
    Boundary Work and the Science Wars: James Robert Brown's Who Rules in Science?Sergio Sismondo - 2005 - Episteme 1 (3):235-248.
    The Science Wars have not involved any violence, nor even threats of violence. Thus the label “wars” for this series of discussions, mostly one-sided and mostly located within the academy, is something of an overblown metaphor. Nonetheless, I will suggest that there are some respects in which the metaphor is appropriate. The Science Wars involve territory, albeit a metaphorical kind of territory. They inspire work that can be best interpreted as ideological, a result of disciplinary interests. Moreover, fellow participants in (...)
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  13.  14
    The Structure Thirty Years Later: Refashioning a Constructivist Metaphysical Program.Sergio Sismondo - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:300 - 312.
    The Thomas Kuhn of "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions" is often seen as an idealist or Neo-Kantian, as holding a constructivist as opposed to realist position. A close reading of the texts in question, keeping in mind Kuhn's interests as a historian, doesn't support this position, though it uncovers other interesting metaphysical commitments. In particular, Kuhn sees a degree of complexity in the world that entails that there will often be some conventionality in our theories. Some reasons for the readings (...)
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  14. Corporate Disguises in Medical Science: Dodging the Interest Repertoire.Sergio Sismondo - 2011 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 31 (6):482-492.
    Roughly 40% of the sizeable medical research and literature on recently approved drugs is “ghost managed” by the pharmaceutical industry and its agents. Research is performed and articles are written by companies and their agents, though apparently independent academics serve as authors on the publications. Similarly, the industry hires academic scientists, termed key opinion leaders, to serve as its speakers and to deliver its continuing medical education courses. In the ghost management of knowledge, and its dissemination through key opinion leaders, (...)
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  15.  7
    Dr. Golem: How to Think About Medicine. [REVIEW]Sergio Sismondo - 2006 - Isis 97:807-808.
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  16. Ghosts in the Machine.Sergio Sismondo - 2009 - Social Studies of Science 39 (2):171-98.
     
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  17.  3
    Harry Collins;, Trevor Pinch. Dr. Golem: How to Think About Medicine. Xii + 246 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. $25. [REVIEW]Sergio Sismondo - 2006 - Isis 97 (4):807-808.
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  18. Hegemony of Knowledge and Pharmaceutical Industry Strategy.Sergio Sismondo - 2017 - In Dien Ho (ed.), Philosophical Issues in Pharmaceutics: Development, Dispensing, and Use. Springer.
    This chapter discusses some strategies pharmaceutical companies employ to establish influence and even hegemony over domains of medical knowledge: marketing products via medical research and education. The chapter thus contributes to understanding the political economy of knowledge in this industry. As a counterpart to traditional epistemology, studying the political economy of knowledge shifts attention from individual claims and their justifications to some of the forces available to shape terrains on which claims are produced, distributed, and consumed.Of pharmaceutical companies’ clinical research, (...)
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  19.  28
    It's a Wonderful World.Sergio Sismondo - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (1):103-106.
  20.  6
    Knowledge as Social Order: Rethinking the Sociology of Barry Barnes. [REVIEW]Sergio Sismondo - 2009 - Isis 100:691-691.
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  21. Linking Research and Marketing: A Pharmaceutical Innovation.Sergio sismondo - unknown
    This chapter describes in very general terms the integration of clinical research and marketing, drawing on books by marketers and recent cases that have come to the public eye. The tools that have been used to accomplish this integration over the past half-century are various, but they all stem from a realization that in a rational world centered on health there need be no intrinsic divide between research and marketing. Most obviously, marketing drugs to physicians, who are professionals acting within (...)
     
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  22.  4
    Massimo Mazzotti . Knowledge as Social Order: Rethinking the Sociology of Barry Barnes. 184 Pp., Illus., Index. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2008. $99.95. [REVIEW]Sergio Sismondo - 2009 - Isis 100 (3):691-691.
  23.  47
    Medical Research for Hire: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Clinical Trials – by Jill A. Fisher When Experiments Travel: Clinical Trials and the Global Search for Human Subjects – by Adriana Petryna.Sergio Sismondo - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (9):522-524.
  24.  5
    Modelling Strategies: Creating Autonomy for Biology's Theory of Games.Sergio Sismondo - 1997 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 19 (2):147 - 161.
    John Maynard Smith is the person most responsible for the use of game theory in evolutionary biology, having introduced and developed its major concepts, and later surveyed its uses. In this paper I look at some rhetorical work done by Maynard Smith and his co-author G.R. Price to make game theory a standard and common modelling tool for the evolutionary study of behavior. The original presentation of the ideas — in a 1973 Nature article — is frequently cited but almost (...)
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  25. Publication Planning 101: A Report.Sergio Sismondo - unknown
    Publication planning is the sub-industry to the pharmaceutical industry that does the organizational and practical work of shaping pharmaceutical companies' data and turning it into medical journal articles. Its main purpose is to create and communicate scientific information to support the marketing of products. This report is based mostly on information presented at the 2007 annual meeting of the International Society of Medical Planning Professionals, including a workshop entitled "Publication Planning 101/201", attended by one of us. We provide some analysis (...)
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  26.  8
    Robert K. Merton;, Elinor Barber. The Travels and Adventures of Serendipity: A Study in Sociological Semantics and the Sociology of Science. Xxv + 313 Pp., Refs., Indexes. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2004. $20.97. [REVIEW]Sergio Sismondo - 2004 - Isis 95 (3):540-540.
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  27.  10
    Reconfiguring Truth: Post-Modernism, Science Studies, and the Search for a New Model of Knowledge by Steven C. Ward. [REVIEW]Sergio Sismondo - 2000 - Isis 91:837-838.
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  28.  4
    Reconfiguring Truth: Post-Modernism, Science Studies, and the Search for a New Model of Knowledge. Steven C. Ward.Sergio Sismondo - 2000 - Isis 91 (4):837-838.
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  29.  14
    Steward or Sorcerer's Apprentice? The Evaluation of Technical Progress: A Systematic Overview of Theories and Opinions by Johan Hendrik Jacob van der Pot; Chris Turner. [REVIEW]Sergio Sismondo - 1999 - Isis 90:585-587.
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  30.  36
    Steward or Sorcerer's Apprentice? The Evaluation of Technical Progress: A Systematic Overview of Theories and Opinions. Johan Hendrik Jacob van der Pot, Chris Turner. [REVIEW]Sergio Sismondo - 1999 - Isis 90 (3):585-587.
  31. Social Studies of Science.Sergio Sismondo - unknown
    Publication of pharmaceutical company-sponsored research in medical journals, and its presentation at conferences and meetings, is mostly governed by ‘publication plans’ that extract the maximum amount of scientific and commercial value out of data and analyses through carefully constructed and placed papers. Clinical research is typically performed by contract research organizations, analyzed by company statisticians, written up by independent medical writers, approved and edited by academic researchers who then serve as authors, and the whole process organized and shepherded through to (...)
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  32. Standpoint Theory, in Science.Alison Wylie & Sergio Sismondo - 2015 - In James D. Wright (ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition). Elsevier. pp. 324-330.
    Standpoint theory is based on the insight that those who are marginalized or oppressed have distinctive epistemic resources with which to understand social structures. Inasmuch as these structures shape our understanding of the natural and lifeworlds, standpoint theorists extend this principle to a range of biological and physical as well as social sciences. Standpoint theory has been articulated as a social epistemology and as an aligned methodological stance. It provides the rationale for ‘starting research from the margins’ and for expanding (...)
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  33. Science Without Myth on Constructions, Reality, and Social Knowledge.Sergio Sismondo - 1996
  34.  25
    The Mapping Metaphor in Philosophy of Science.Sergio Sismondo - 1998 - Cogito 12 (1):41-50.
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  35.  6
    The Travels and Adventures of Serendipity: A Study in Sociological Semantics and the Sociology of Science. [REVIEW]Sergio Sismondo - 2004 - Isis 95:540-540.
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