Results for 'Shane Oakley'

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  1. Defending Lewis’s Local Miracle Compatibilism.Shane Oakley - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 130 (2):337-349.
    Helen Beebee has recently argued that David Lewis’s account of compatibilism, so-called local miracle compatibilism, allows for the possibility that agents in deterministic worlds have the ability to break or cause the breaking of a law of nature. Because Lewis’s LMC allows for this consequence, Beebee claims that LMC is untenable and subsequently that Lewis’s criticism of van Inwagen’s Consequence Argument for incompatibilism is substantially weakened. I review Beebee’s argument against Lewis’s thesis and argue that Beebee has not refuted LMC (...)
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  2.  49
    A Dilemma for Naturalized Epistemology?Shane Oakley - 2011 - In Michael Shaffer & Michael Veber (eds.), What Place for the A Priori? Open Court. pp. 157.
  3.  98
    Virtue Ethics and Professional Roles.Justin Oakley & Dean Cocking - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Professionals, it is said, have no use for simple lists of virtues and vices. The complexities and constraints of professional roles create peculiar moral demands on the people who occupy them, and traits that are vices in ordinary life are praised as virtues in the context of professional roles. Should this disturb us, or is it naive to presume that things should be otherwise? Taking medical and legal practice as key examples, Justin Oakley and Dean Cocking develop a rigorous (...)
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  4.  1
    Will and Artifice: The Impact of Voluntarist Theology on Early-Modern Science.Francis Oakley - 2019 - History of European Ideas 45 (6):767-784.
    ABSTRACTThis article is in part an intervention in the ongoing debate inaugurated by Peter Harrison in 2002 when he called into question the validity of what had come by then to be called ‘the voluntarism and science thesis.’ Though it subsequently drew support from such historians of science as J.E. McGuire, Margaret Osler, Betty Jo Teeter Dobbs and, more recently, John Henry, the origins of the thesis are usually traced back to articles published in 1934–1936 and 1961 respectively by the (...)
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  5. Empty Bottles of Gentilism: Kingship and the Divine in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages.Francis Oakley - 2010 - Yale University Press.
    In this book—the first volume in his groundbreaking trilogy on the emergence of western political thought—Francis Oakley explores the roots of secular political thinking by examining the political ideology and institutions of Hellenistic and late Roman antiquity and of the early European middle ages. By challenging the popular belief that the ancient Greek and Roman worlds provided the origins of our inherently secular politics, Oakley revises our understanding of the history of political theory in a fundamental and far-reaching (...)
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  6. The Watershed of Modern Politics: Law, Virtue, Kingship, and Consent.Francis Oakley - 2015 - Yale University Press.
    The concluding volume of Francis Oakley's authoritative trilogy moves on to engage the political thinkers of the later Middle Ages, Renaissance, Age of Reformation and religious wars, and the era that produced the Divine Right Theory of Kingship. Oakley's ground-breaking study probes the continuities and discontinuities between medieval and early modern modes of political thinking and dwells at length on the roots and nature of those contract theories that sought to legitimate political authority by grounding it in the (...)
     
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  7.  37
    Brain and Mind.David A. Oakley (ed.) - 1985 - Methuen.
  8. Hypnotic Suggestion and Cognitive Neuroscience.David A. Oakley & Peter W. Halligan - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (6):264-270.
  9. Morality and the Emotions.Justin OAKLEY - 1992 - Routledge.
    Introduction In recent years there has been a welcome reawakening of philosophical interest in the emotions. A significant number of contemporary ...
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  10.  18
    Gender-Related Differences in Ethical and Social Values of Business Students: Implications for Management. [REVIEW]Patricia L. Smith & I. I. I. Oakley - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):37-45.
    This study investigated gender-related differences in ethical attitudes of 318 graduate and undergraduate business students. Significant differences were observed in male and female responses to questions concerning ethics in social and personal relationships. No differences were noted for survey items concerning rules-based obligations. Implications for future management are discussed.
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  11. Gender-Based Barriers to Senior Management Positions: Understanding the Scarcity of Female CEOs. [REVIEW]Judith G. Oakley - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 27 (4):321 - 334.
    Although the number of women in middle management has grown quite rapidly in the last two decades, the number of female CEOs in large corporations remains extremely low. This article examines many explanations for why women have not risen to the top, including lack of line experience, inadequate career opportunities, gender differences in linguistic styles and socialization, gender-based stereotypes, the old boy network at the top, and tokenism. Alternative explanations are also presented and analyzed, such as differences between female leadership (...)
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  12.  50
    Gender-Related Differences in Ethical and Social Values of Business Students: Implications for Management. [REVIEW]Patricia Smith & Ellwood Oakley - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):37-45.
    This study investigated gender-related differences in ethical attitudes of 318 graduate and undergraduate business students. Significant differences were observed in male and female responses to questions concerning ethics in social and personal relationships. No differences were noted for survey items concerning rules-based obligations. Implications for future management are discussed.
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  13. Anomalous Control: When "Free Will" is Not Conscious.Patrick Haggard, Peter Cartledge, Meilyr Dafydd & David A. Oakley - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):646-654.
    The conscious feeling of exercising ‘free-will’ is fundamental to our sense of self. However, in some psychopathological conditions actions may be experienced as involuntary or unwilled. We have used suggestion in hypnosis to create the experience of involuntariness in normal participants. We compared a voluntary finger movement, a passive movement and a voluntary movement suggested by hypnosis to be ‘involuntary.’ Hypnosis itself had no effect on the subjective experience of voluntariness associated with willed movements and passive movements or on time (...)
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  14. Varieties of Virtue Ethics.Justin Oakley - 1996 - Ratio 9 (2):128-152.
  15.  10
    The Sales Profession as a Subculture: Implications for Ethical Decision Making.Victoria Bush, Alan J. Bush, Jared Oakley & John E. Cicala - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 142 (3):549-565.
    Salespeople have long been considered unique employees. They tend to work apart from each other and experience little daily contact with supervisors and other organizational employees. Additionally, salespeople interact with customers in an increasingly complex and multifunctional environment. This provides numerous opportunities for unethical behavior which has been chronicled in the popular press as well as academic research. Much of the research in sales ethics has relied on conceptual foundations which focus on individual and organizational influencers on ethical decision making. (...)
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  16. Animal Awareness, Consciousness, and Self-Image.David A. Oakley - 1985 - In Brain and Mind. Methuen.
     
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  17. Experiments in Knowing: Gender and Method in the Social Sciences.Ann Oakley - 2000 - New Press.
  18. Indirect Consequentialism, Friendship, and the Problem of Alienation.Dean Cocking & Justin Oakley - 1995 - Ethics 106 (1):86-111.
    In this article we argue that the worries about whether a consequentialist agent will be alienated from those who are special to her go deeper than has so far been appreciated. Rather than pointing to a problem with the consequentialist agent's motives or purposes, we argue that the problem facing a consequentialist agent in the case of friendship concerns the nature of the psychological disposition which such an agent would have and how this kind of disposition sits with those which (...)
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  19. Short Review: Andreas Csepregi, Two Ways to Freedom: Christianity and Democracy in the Thought of István Bibó and Dietrich Bonhoeffer , 255 Pp. ISBN 963—210—760—8. [REVIEW]Nigel W. Oakley - 2007 - Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (2):315-316.
  20. Morality and the Emotions.Justin OAKLEY - 1992 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 56 (3):598-600.
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  21.  58
    Natural Law, Laws of Nature, Natural Rights: Continuity and Discontinuity in the History of Ideas.Francis Oakley - 2005 - Continuum.
    Metaphysical schemata and intellectual traditions -- Laws of nature : the scientific concept -- Natural law : disputed moments of transition -- Natural rights : origins and grounding.
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  22.  26
    Pathological Altruism.Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
  23.  73
    A Skeptic’s Reply to Lewisian Contextualism.I. T. Oakley - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):309-332.
    In his justifiedly famous paper, “Elusive Knowledge” (Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 74:4, 1996), David Lewis presents a contextualist account of knowledge, which, like other contextualist accounts, depicts sceptical claims as involving application of a higher standard of knowledge than is applied in everyday ascriptions of knowledge. On Lewis’ account, the sceptic’s denials and the everyday ascriptions are made in different contexts, which allows them both to be true. His account gives detailed specification of how contexts are to be determined. My (...)
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  24.  2
    Chasing the Rainbow: The Non-Conscious Nature of Being.David A. Oakley & Peter W. Halligan - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  25. Livy XXVI–XXVII P. G. Walsh: T. Livius, Ab Urbe Condita, Libri Xxvi–Xxvii. (Bibliotheca Scriptorum Graecorum Et Romanorum Teubneriana.) Pp. Xx + 113; 1 Diagram. Leipzig: Teubner, 1982. 31 M. [REVIEW]Stephen Oakley - 1983 - The Classical Review 33 (02):215-218.
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  26.  19
    Good Medical Ethics, From the Inside Out--And Back Again.J. Oakley - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (1):48-51.
  27.  17
    9 Virtue Ethics and Bioethics.Justin Oakley - 2013 - In Daniel C. Russell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 197.
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  28.  16
    A Wake-Up Call? Issues With Plagiarism in Transnational Higher Education.Anne Palmer, Mark Pegrum & Grace Oakley - 2019 - Ethics and Behavior 29 (1):23-50.
    The views on plagiarism of 574 students at four Australian universities operating in Singapore were investigated through a survey and interviews. Analysis of students’ responses to different plagiarism scenarios revealed misconceptions and uncertainties about many aspects of plagiarism. Self-plagiarism and reuse of a friend’s work were acceptable to more than one quarter of the students, and nearly half considered collusion to be a legitimate form of collaboration. One quarter of the students also indicated that they would knowingly plagiarize. This should (...)
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  29.  13
    Virtue Ethics and Public Policy: Upholding Medical Virtue in Therapeutic Relationships as a Case Study.Justin Oakley - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (4):769-779.
  30.  47
    Early Rome - T. J. Cornell: The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome From the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars . Pp. Xx + 507, 32 Figs, 10 Maps, 10 Tables. London and New York: Routledge, 1995. Cased, £50 . ISBN: 0-415-01595-2. [REVIEW]S. P. Oakley - 1997 - The Classical Review 47 (2):358-361.
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  31.  14
    Dilemma Arguments Against Naturalism.Jamie Carlin Watson - 2014 - Episteme 11 (2):1-15.
    Albert Casullo (2000, 2003) and Shane Oakley (2011) argue that dilemma arguments against epistemic naturalism, such as those offered by Laurence BonJour (1998) and Harvey Siegel (1984), are such that, whatever strength they have against naturalism applies equally to moderate rationalist accounts of a priori justification. They conclude that dilemma arguments are, therefore, insufficient for establishing an advantage for moderate rationalism over naturalized epistemology. I argue that both Casullo's and Oakley's criticisms depend on an illicit assumption, namely, (...)
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  32.  42
    J. G. F. Powell : Cicero: On Friendship and the Dream of Scipio . Edited with an Introduction, Translation and Commentary. Pp. Xi+176; 2 Figs. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1990. £32. [REVIEW]S. P. Oakley - 1992 - The Classical Review 42 (2):445-446.
  33.  14
    Voluntarist Theology and Early-Modern Science: The Matter of the Divine Power, Absolute and Ordained.Francis Oakley - 2018 - History of Science 56 (1):72-96.
  34.  32
    Scepticism and the Diversity of Epistemic Justification.I. T. Oakley - 1988 - Philosophical Quarterly 38 (152):263-279.
    Sceptics have been accused of achieving their sceptical conclusions by an arbitrary (though usually implicit) redefinition of terms like “justified”, so that, while it may be true that no belief is justified in the sceptic’s new sense of the word, all the beliefs we have taken as justified remain so in the ordinary, standard meaning of the term. This paper defends scepticism against this charge. It is pointed out that there are several sorts of case where someone’s belief may be (...)
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  35.  13
    Using Hypnosis to Gain Insights Into Healthy and Pathological Cognitive Functioning.David A. Oakley & Peter W. Halligan - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):328-331.
    The demonstration that hypnotic suggestion can inhibit word/colour Stroop highlights one of the benefits of using hypnosis to explore cognitive psychology and in particular attentional processes. The compelling results using a rigorous design have particular relevance for the presumed automaticity of some forms of information processing. Moreover the results support the potential that hypnotic suggestion offers for creating clinically informed analogues of relevant psychological and neuropsychological conditions. As with all novel research, the results of Raz and Campbell raise further operational (...)
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  36.  17
    Practitioner Courage and Ethical Health Care Environments.Justin Oakley - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (3):40-42.
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  37.  27
    An Evaluation of Early and Late Stage Attentional Processing of Positive and Negative Information in Dysphoria.Matthew S. Shane & Jordan B. Peterson - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (4):789-815.
  38.  97
    An Argument for Scepticism Concerning Justified Beliefs.I. T. Oakley - 1976 - American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (3):221 - 228.
    This paper argues for a completely universal scepticism, according to which no beliefs at all are justified to the least degree. The argument starts with a version of the Agrippan trilemma, according to which, if we accept that a belief is justified, we must choose between foundationalism, coherentism of a particular sort, and an infinite regress of justified beliefs. Each of these theories is given a careful specification in terms of the relationship of “justifiedness in p depending on justifiedness in (...)
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  39.  17
    The Reductio Argument Against Epistemic Infinitism.Tim Oakley - 2019 - Synthese 196 (9):3869-3887.
    Epistemic infinitism, advanced in different forms by Peter Klein, Scott Aikin, and David Atkinson and Jeanne Peijnenburg, is the theory that justification of a proposition for a person requires the availability to that person of an infinite, non-repeating chain of propositions, each providing a justifying reason for its successor in the chain. The reductio argument is the argument to the effect that infinitism has the consequence that no one is justified in any proposition, because there will be an infinite chain (...)
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  40. A Virtue Ethics Approach.Justin Oakley - unknown
     
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  41.  25
    Infinitism and Scepticism.Tim Oakley - 2019 - Episteme 16 (1):108-118.
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  42. A Virtue Ethics Analysis of Disclosure Requirements and Financial Incentives as Responses to Conflicts of Interest in Physician Prescribing.Justin Oakley - unknown
     
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  43.  19
    Using Suggestion to Model Different Types of Automatic Writing.E. Walsh, M. A. Mehta, D. A. Oakley, D. N. Guilmette, A. Gabay, P. W. Halligan & Q. Deeley - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 26:24-36.
    Our sense of self includes awareness of our thoughts and movements, and our control over them. This feeling can be altered or lost in neuropsychiatric disorders as well as in phenomena such as “automatic writing” whereby writing is attributed to an external source. Here, we employed suggestion in highly hypnotically suggestible participants to model various experiences of automatic writing during a sentence completion task. Results showed that the induction of hypnosis, without additional suggestion, was associated with a small but significant (...)
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  44. Omnipotence, Covenant & Order: An Excursion in the History of Ideas From Abelard to Leibniz.Francis Oakley - 1984 - Cornell University Press.
  45. Some Epistemological Concerns About Dissociative Identity Disorder and Diagnostic Practices in Psychology.Michael J. Shaffer & Jeffery Oakley - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):1-29.
    In this paper we argue that dissociative identity disorder (DID) is best interpreted as a causal model of a (possible) post-traumatic psychological process, as a mechanical model of an abnormal psychological condition. From this perspective we examine and criticize the evidential status of DID, and we demonstrate that there is really no good reason to believe that anyone has ever suffered from DID so understood. This is so because the proponents of DID violate basic methodological principles of good causal modeling. (...)
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  46. Jubilee Manifesto: A Framework, Agenda and Strategy for Christian Social Reform.N. W. Oakley - 2007 - Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (1):154-156.
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  47.  29
    P. G. Walsh : Livy Book XXXVI Edited with an Introduction, Translation and Commentary. Pp. Ix + 134; 3 Maps. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1990. Paper. [REVIEW]S. P. Oakley - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (1):176-176.
  48.  28
    Hierarchical Phylogenetics as a Quantitative Analytical Framework for Evolutionary Developmental Biology.Jeanne M. Serb & Todd H. Oakley - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (11):1158-1166.
  49.  29
    Self‐Induced Memory Distortions and the Allocation of Processing Resources at Encoding and Retrieval.Matthew Shane & Jordan Peterson - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (4):533-558.
  50.  24
    Diagnosing True Virtue? Remote Scenarios, Warranted Virtue Attributions, and Virtuous Medical Practice.Justin Oakley - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (1):85-96.
    Immanuel Kant argues in the Foundations that remote scenarios are diagnostic of genuine virtue. When agents commonly thought to have a particular virtue fail to exhibit that virtue in an extreme situation, he argues, they do not truly have the virtue at all, and our propensities to fail in such ways indicate that true virtue might never have existed. Kant’s suggestion that failure to show, say, courage in extraordinary circumstances necessarily silences one’s claim to have genuine courage seems to rely (...)
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