72 found
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Shane Ralston [39]Shane J. Ralston [31]Shane Jesse Ralston [3]
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Shane J. Ralston
Pennsylvania State University
Shane Ralston
University of Ottawa (PhD)
  1.  4
    Philosophy of Education in a New Key: Who Remembers Greta Thunberg? Education and Environment After the Coronavirus.Petar Jandrić, Jimmy Jaldemark, Zoe Hurley, Brendan Bartram, Adam Matthews, Michael Jopling, Julia Mañero, Alison MacKenzie, Jones Irwin, Ninette Rothmüller, Benjamin Green, Shane J. Ralston, Olli Pyyhtinen, Sarah Hayes, Jake Wright, Michael A. Peters & Marek Tesar - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-21.
    This paper explores relationships between environment and education after the Covid-19 pandemic through the lens of philosophy of education in a new key developed by Michael Peters and the Philosop...
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  2.  20
    Can Pragmatists Be Constitutionalists? Dewey, Jefferson and the Experimental Constitution.Shane Ralston - forthcoming - Contemporary Pragmatism.
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  3.  3
    Distracted Daycare and Child Welfare: An Ethical Analysis.Shane J. Ralston - 2020 - Ethics and Social Welfare 14 (3):315-330.
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  4.  67
    Can Pragmatists Be Institutionalists? John Dewey Joins the Non-Ideal/Ideal Theory Debate.Shane J. Ralston - 2010 - Human Studies 33 (1):65-84.
    During the 1960s and 1970s, institutionalists and behavioralists in the discipline of political science argued over the legitimacy of the institutional approach to political inquiry. In the discipline of philosophy, a similar debate concerning institutions has never taken place. Yet, a growing number of philosophers are now working out the institutional implications of political ideas in what has become known as “non-ideal theory.” My thesis is two-fold: (1) pragmatism and institutionalism are compatible and (2) non-ideal theorists, following the example of (...)
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  5.  46
    Deliberating with Critical Friends: A Strategy for Teaching Deliberative Democratic Theory.Shane Ralston - 2011 - Teaching Philosophy 34 (4):393-410.
    Standard methods for teaching Deliberative Democratic Theory in the philosophy classroom include presenting theories in the historical order in which they originated, by theorist or in various thematic categories, including criticisms of the theories. However, if Simone Chambers is correct and DDT has truly entered “a working theory stage,” whereby the theory and practice of deliberation receive equal consideration, then such approaches may no longer be appropriate for teaching DDT. I propose that DDT be taught using the Critical Friends discussion (...)
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  6.  26
    John Dewey "on the Side of the Angels": A Critique of Kestenbaum's Phenomenological Reading of a Common Faith.Shane Ralston - 2007 - Education and Culture 23 (2):pp. 63-75.
    In chapter 8 of The Grace and the Severity of the Ideal, Victor Kestenbaum disputes the naturalistic-instrumentalist reading of John Dewey's A Common Faith. Rather than accept the orthodox reading, he challenges mainstream Dewey scholars to read Dewey's theism from a phenomenological perspective. From this vantage, Kestenbaum contends that Dewey was wagering on transcendence, gambling on an ideal realm of supersensible entities, and hoping that the payoff would be universal acknowledgement of "a widening of the place of transcendence and faith (...)
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  7.  64
    In Defense of Democracy as a Way of Life: A Reply to Talisse's Pluralist Objection.Shane J. Ralston - 2008 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (4):pp. 629-659.
    Robert Talisse objects that Deweyan democrats, or those who endorse John Dewey’s philosophy of democracy, cannot consistently hold that (i) “democracy is a way of life” and (ii) democracy as a way of life is compatible with pluralism, at least as contemporary political theorists define that term. What Talisse refers to as his “pluralist objection” states that Deweyan democracy resembles a thick theory of democracy, that is, a theory establishing a set of prior restraints on the values that can count (...)
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  8.  28
    The Ebb and Flow of Primary and Secondary Experience: Kayak Touring and John Dewey's Metaphysics of Experience.Shane J. Ralston - 2009 - Environment, Space, Place 1 (1):189-204.
    John Dewey’s metaphysics of experience has been criticized by a number of philosophers—most notably, George Santayanaand Richard Rorty. While mainstream Dewey scholars agree that these critical treatments fail to treat the American Pragmatist’s theory of what exists on its own terms, there has still been some difficulty reaching consensus on what the casual reader should take away from the pages of Experience and Nature, Dewey’s seminal work on naturalistic metaphysics. So, how do we unearth the significance of Dewey’s misunderstood metaphysics? (...)
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  9. Engineering an Artful and Ethical Solution to the Problem of Global Warming.Shane J. Ralston - 2009 - Review of Policy Research 26 (6):821--837.
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  10.  47
    Teaching Ethics in the High Schools: A Deweyan Challenge.Shane Ralston - 2008 - Teaching Ethics 9 (1):73-86.
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  11.  37
    An Outline for a Brief Teaching Demonstration: On the Distinction Between Ethics and Morality.Shane Ralston - 2010 - Teaching Philosophy 33 (1):15-26.
    In this article, I outline a teaching demonstration that lasts approximately twenty-two minutes, which a candidate can employ when interviewing for a position in ethics. Since job openings in ethics, and especially applied ethics, are becoming increasingly common, I think that this outline will be helpful to many candidates deliberating about the topic and structure of their future teaching demonstrations. This demonstration is also especially well-suited to a search at a teaching institution, whether a community college, state college, or state (...)
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  12.  24
    The Ebb and Flow of Primary and Secondary Experience.Shane J. Ralston - 2009 - Environment, Space, Place 1 (1):189-204.
    John Dewey’s metaphysics of experience has been criticized by a number of philosophers—most notably, George Santayanaand Richard Rorty. While mainstream Dewey scholars agree that these critical treatments fail to treat the American Pragmatist’s theory of what exists on its own terms, there has still been some difficulty reaching consensus on what the casual reader should take away from the pages of Experience and Nature, Dewey’s seminal work on naturalistic metaphysics. So, how do we unearth the significance of Dewey’s misunderstood metaphysics? (...)
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  13.  16
    Recovering Pragmatism's Practicality: Four Views.Shane J. Ralston - 2009 - Philosophical Frontiers: A Journal of Emerging Thought 4 (1).
  14.  5
    Pragmatism in International Relations Theory and Research.Shane J. Ralston - 2011 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 14:72-105.
    Este artículo examina la literatura reciente sobre la intersección entre pragmatismo filosófico y relaciones internacionales (RI), incluyendo la teoría y la metodología de investigación de las RI. Se sostiene que uno de los obstáculos que motivan las teorías y metodologías pragmatistas de las RI es la dificultad de definir el pragmatismo, en particular si existe la necesidad de una definición más genérica de pragmatismo, o una más específica que se vincule con las metas de teóricos e investigadores de las relaciones (...)
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  15.  25
    Reconsidering Philosophy's Function: Novack, Hickman and Dewey's 'Liaison Officer' Claim.Shane J. Ralston - unknown
    In an underappreciated tract by George Novack, Pragmatism versus Marxism, the American Trotskyite and union organizer launched a vicious attack on John Dewey's career as a professional philosopher. He alleged that Deweys ideas were inaccessible to all but a small community of fellow academicians. While Novack concedes that Deweys philosophical inquiries had a cross-pollinating influence on other academic fields, he doubts that the beneficial products of those inquiries traveled far beyond the walls of the so-called ivory tower. Larry Hickman understands (...)
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  16.  8
    Dewey's Political Technology From an Anthropological Perspective.Shane J. Ralston - 2019 - Education and Culture 35 (1):29-48.
    I believe that education is the fundamental method of social progress and reform.In the broadest sense, it [Dewey's experimentalism] is the experimentalism of the anthropologist, of the student of human institutions and cultures, impressed by the fundamental role of habit in men and societies and by the manner in which those habits are altered and changed.This article explores the possibility that John Dewey's silence on the matter of which democratic means are needed to achieve democratic ends, while confusing, makes greater (...)
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  17.  45
    Doing Versus Thinking: John Dewey’s Forgotten Critique of Scientific Management.Shane J. Ralston - 2014 - Southwest Philosophy Review 30 (1):205-217.
    Scientific management introduced a novel way of organizing work and measuring productivity into the modern workplace. With a stopwatch and a clever method of analysis, Frederick Winslow Taylor is either acclaimed or reviled, depending on the audience, for giving industrial/organizational consultancy a groundbreaking tool: the efficiency study. What is less well known is that the American pragmatist John Dewey criticized scientific management for its dualistic assumptions, for treating workers as pure doers or “muscle” and management as pure thinkers or “brains” (...)
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  18.  32
    John Dewey's Ethics: Democracy as Experience.Shane Ralston - 2010 - Contemporary Political Theory 9 (2):251-253.
  19.  74
    Dewey's Theory of Moral (and Political) Deliberation.Shane J. Ralston - manuscript
    In James Gouinlock's essay "Dewey's Theory of Moral Deliberation," he argues that Morton White and Charles L. Stevenson's criticisms of John Dewey's ethical theory are based upon fundamental misinterpretations of Dewey's theory of moral deliberation. In this paper, I attempt, in the spirit of Gouinlock's 1978 essay, to widen and enrich the discussion of Dewey's theory of moral deliberation by relating it to a claim of political philosophers and theorists that is recently in vogue, namely, that Dewey's writings contain a (...)
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  20.  40
    Seeing Together: Mind, Matter, and the Experimental Outlook of John Dewey and Arthur F. Bentley by Frank X. Ryan (Review).Shane Ralston - 2013 - The Pluralist 8 (1):124-129.
    In the past twenty years, scholarly interest in John Dewey's later writings has surged. While later works such as Art as Experience (1934), Logic: The Theory of Inquiry (1938), and Freedom and Culture (1939) have received considerable attention, Knowing and the Known (1949), Dewey's late-in-life collaboration with Arthur F. Bentley, has been largely neglected. A common bias among Dewey scholars is that this work, instead of developing Dewey's Logic, departs from its spirit, reflects the overbearing influence of Bentley on Dewey (...)
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  21.  11
    La Opinion Publica y Sus Problemas.Shane Ralston - 2004 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 32 (99):51-54.
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  22.  3
    Lorraine Daston, "Against Nature." Reviewed By.Shane Jesse Ralston - 2019 - Philosophy in Review 39 (4):168-170.
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  23.  29
    Inquiry and Education.Shane Ralston - 2009 - Teaching Philosophy 32 (1):90-92.
  24.  32
    On Two Concepts of Environmental Instrumentalism: John Dewey and Aldo Leopold in Conversation.Shane Ralston - 2011 - Southwest Philosophy Review 27 (1):225-234.
  25.  26
    Deweyan Democracy and Pluralism: A Reunion.Shane Ralston - 2009 - Social Philosophy Today 25:223-240.
    What Talisse refers to as his “pluralist objection” states that Deweyan democracy, or John Dewey’s theory of democracy as contemporary Dewey scholars understand it, resembles a thick account, that is, a theory establishing a set of prior restraints on the values that can count as legitimate within a democratic community, and thus is incompatible with pluralism, at least insofar as contemporary political theorists define that term. In this paper, I argue that by undermining the pluralist objection, a reunion of Deweyan (...)
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  26.  26
    Review Seeing Together: Mind, Matter, and the Experimental Outlook of John Dewey and Arthur F. Bentley Ryan Frank X. American Institute for Economic Research Great Barrington.Shane Ralston - 2013 - The Pluralist 8 (1):124-129.
  27.  31
    Pragmatism as Post-Postmodernism.Shane Ralston - 2009 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 37 (108):46-49.
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  28.  21
    Dewey and Hayek on Democratic Experimentalism.Shane J. Ralston - 2012 - Contemporary Pragmatism 9 (2):93-116.
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  29.  54
    Pragmatism's Pacifism: Reconstructing the Dewey-Bourne Debate.Shane J. Ralston - unknown
    Many commentators cite John Dewey's support for Woodrow Wilson's administration and U.S. entry into the First World War as evidence against the claim that he was a pacifist. However, what they ignore is his leadership of the Outlawry of War Movement and his subsequent renunciation of his earlier pro-war views. This paper examines the controversy, beginning with Dewey's debate with Randolph Bourne over American involvement in the war to "make the world safe for democracy" and ending with his activities as (...)
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  30.  54
    The Vital Thread Connecting Pragmatist and Marxist Ethics: Reconstructing the Dewey-Trotsky Debate.Shane J. Ralston - manuscript
    According to the 'incompatibility thesis,' tenets of Marxist and Pragmatist ethics are incompatible at a very basic level. An opening move in the strategy of defending the incompatibility thesis is to summon the ghosts of Pragmatists and Marxists past, such as John Dewey and Leon Trotsky, and recount how their positions in a debate concerning ethics proved to be fundamentally at odds. The central claim of the paper is that despite the initial promise of this strategy, scholars should be wary (...)
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  31.  45
    Obama’s Pragmatism in International Affairs.Shane J. Ralston - 2011 - Contemporary Pragmatism 8 (2):81-98.
    What is pragmatism's contribution, actual or potential, to contemporary International Relations theory and practice? Is there hope for constructing a pragmatist theory of International Relations? The author of this article takes up these questions by considering whether Barack Obama is a pragmatist in his handling of issues in international affairs. By examining a series of Obama speeches, the author teases out the raw material for a pragmatist theory of International Relations, demonstrating how the pragmatic practice of international diplomacy can inform (...)
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  32.  24
    John McGowan , Pragmatist Politics . Reviewed By.Shane Ralston - 2013 - Philosophy in Review 33 (5):388-390.
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  33.  13
    Pragmatism as Post-Postmodernism. [REVIEW]Shane Ralston - 2009 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 37 (108):33-35.
  34.  38
    Dewey and Goodin on the Value of Monological Deliberation.Shane Ralston - 2010 - Etica E Politica 12 (1):235-255.
    Most contemporary deliberative democrats contend that deliberation is the group activity that transforms individual preferences and behavior into mutual understanding, agreement and collective action. A critical mass of these deliberative theorists also claims that John Dewey’s writings contain a nascent theory of deliberative democracy. Unfortunately, very few of them have noted the similarities between Dewey and Robert Goodin’s theories of deliberation, as well as the surprising contrast between their modeling of deliberation as a mixed monological-dialogical process and the prevalent view (...)
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  35.  33
    Dewey's Theory of Moral (and Political) Deliberation Unfiltered.Shane J. Ralston - 2010 - Education and Culture 26 (1):pp. 23-43.
    The ballot is, as often said, a substitute for bullets. But what is more significant is that counting of heads compels prior recourse to methods of discussion, consultation and persuasion, while the essence of appeal to force is to cut short resort to such methods. Majority rule, just as majority rule, is as foolish as its critics charge it with being. But it never is merely majority rule.There have been two distinguished critics who declare great admiration for Dewey's work and (...)
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  36.  16
    The Political Philosophy of Benjamin Franklin.Shane Ralston - 2008 - Dialogue 47 (3-4):694-696.
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  37.  33
    Democratic Governance and the Specter of Deliberative Consultancy: A Deweyan Assessment of the Deliberation Industry.Shane J. Ralston - unknown
    In a recent article, Carolyn Hendricks and Lyn Carson begin to remedy the deficit of literature on deliberative democracy consultancy, or the provision of deliberation goods and services for a fee, by observing that the competitive, entrepreneurial and business-driven nature of this growing deliberative industry might threaten those conditions for generating an open and participatory process of democratic governance. Building on their important contribution to the literature, the present paper provides a parallel assessment based on John Dewey's notions of public (...)
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  38.  33
    Education as Family Life: John Dewey on the Ethical Responsibility of School Teachers.Shane J. Ralston - unknown
    In chapter two of The School and Society, entitled "The School and the Life of the Child," the renowned American philosopher John Dewey demonstrates how the model of the "ideal home" can impart lessons about a model of the "ideal school." It is argued that education should give direction to the student's natural impulses, just as the concerned parent guides the growth of the child. There are at least two ways in which to interpret this argument. One is that home (...)
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  39.  17
    The Political Philosophy of Benjamin Franklin Lorraine Smith Pangle Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007, X + 277 Pp., $45.00, $20.95 Paper. [REVIEW]Shane Ralston - 2008 - Dialogue 47 (3-4):694-.
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  40.  22
    Political Theory and Global Climate Change.Shane Ralston - 2009 - Environmental Philosophy 6 (2):105-109.
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  41.  9
    The Pragmatic Pyramid: John Dewey on Gardening and Food Security.Shane J. Ralston - 2014 - Social Philosophy Today 30:63-76.
    Despite the minimal attention paid by philosophers to gardening, the activity has a myriad of philosophical implications—aesthetic, ethical, political, and even edible. The same could be said of community food security and struggles for food justice. Two of gardening’s most significant practical benefits are that it generates communal solidarity and provides sustenance for the needy and undernourished during periods of crisis. In the twentieth century, large-scale community gardening in the U.S. and Canada coincided with relief projects during war-time and economic (...)
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  42.  15
    The Pragmatic Pyramid.Shane J. Ralston - 2014 - Social Philosophy Today 30:63-76.
    Despite the minimal attention paid by philosophers to gardening, the activity has a myriad of philosophical implications—aesthetic, ethical, political, and even edible. The same could be said of community food security and struggles for food justice. Two of gardening’s most significant practical benefits are that it generates communal solidarity and provides sustenance for the needy and undernourished during periods of crisis. In the twentieth century, large-scale community gardening in the U.S. and Canada coincided with relief projects during war-time and economic (...)
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  43.  15
    The Linguistic-Pragmatic Turn in the History of Philosophy.Shane Ralston - 2011 - Human Affairs 21 (3):280-293.
    Did the pragmatic turn encompass the linguistic turn in the history of philosophy? Or was the linguistic turn a turn away from pragmatism? Some commentators identify the so-called “eclipse” of pragmatism by analytic philosophy, especially during the Cold War era, as a turn away from pragmatist thinking. However, the historical evidence suggests that this narrative is little more than a myth. Pragmatism persisted, transforming into a more analytic variety under the influence of Quine and Putnam and, more recently, a continental (...)
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  44.  25
    Operationalizing Propositions as Proposals: Reviving Interest in John Dewey's Theory of Propositional Form.Shane J. Ralston - unknown
    Dewey and Russell's debate over the status of logic in the twentieth-century is, by now, well-trodden ground for scholarly inquiry. However, Dewey's novel theory of propositions, first articulated in his 1938 Logic: The Theory of Inquiry, has received comparatively less attention than the debate that touched upon it. The paucity of interest among philosophers of language is probably due to a variety of reasons, such as the theory's unorthodox character and, what at least appears to be, its naive simplicity when (...)
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  45.  11
    King-Tak Ip, Ed., Environmental Ethics: Intercultural Perspectives. Reviewed By.Shane Ralston - 2010 - Philosophy in Review 30 (5):358-361.
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  46.  11
    Michael P. Nelson and J. Baird Callicott, Eds., The Wilderness Debate Rages On: Continuing the New Great Wilderness Debate. Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Shane Ralston - 2010 - Philosophy in Review 30 (4):289-292.
  47.  23
    Imperialism's Easiness: Dewey, Wells, Obama and the Scope of American Exceptionalism.Shane J. Ralston - unknown
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  48.  15
    The Nature Study Movement.Shane Ralston - 2011 - Environmental Ethics 33 (4):437-440.
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  49.  10
    M. H. Kramer, C. Grant, B. Colburn, and A. Hatzistavrou, Eds. The Legacy of H. L. A. Hart: Legal, Political, and Moral Philosophy Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Shane Ralston - 2010 - Philosophy in Review 30 (2):111-114.
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  50.  20
    Ol' Ben Franklin the Pragmatist? Campbell and Pangle on the Philosophical Credentials of an American Founder.Shane J. Ralston - unknown
    Is Benjamin Franklin the old Dewey or the new Socrates? James Campbell embraces the view that he is the old Dewey, or, at least, following the late H.S. Thayer, a nascent pragmatist of a Deweyan stripe. Lorraine Pangle, among others, defends the view that Franklins thought and writings are distinctly Socratic. I would like to accomplish two objectives in this essay that might initially appear incompatible, one, to question the premise of the question and, two, to assume the premise's acceptability (...)
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