Results for 'Shannon Chiu'

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  1.  17
    Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Neurophysiology, Adaptive DBS, Virtual Reality, Neuroethics and Technology.Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, James Giordano, Aysegul Gunduz, Jose Alcantara, Jackson N. Cagle, Stephanie Cernera, Parker Difuntorum, Robert S. Eisinger, Julieth Gomez, Sarah Long, Brandon Parks, Joshua K. Wong, Shannon Chiu, Bhavana Patel, Warren M. Grill, Harrison C. Walker, Simon J. Little, Ro’ee Gilron, Gerd Tinkhauser, Wesley Thevathasan, Nicholas C. Sinclair, Andres M. Lozano, Thomas Foltynie, Alfonso Fasano, Sameer A. Sheth, Katherine Scangos, Terence D. Sanger, Jonathan Miller, Audrey C. Brumback, Priya Rajasethupathy, Cameron McIntyre, Leslie Schlachter, Nanthia Suthana, Cynthia Kubu, Lauren R. Sankary, Karen Herrera-Ferrá, Steven Goetz, Binith Cheeran, G. Karl Steinke, Christopher Hess, Leonardo Almeida, Wissam Deeb, Kelly D. Foote & Okun Michael S. - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  2.  1
    Cognitive Outcomes for Essential Tremor Patients Selected for Thalamic Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery Through Interdisciplinary Evaluations.Jacob D. Jones, Tatiana Orozco, Dawn Bowers, Wei Hu, Zakia Jabarkheel, Shannon Chiu, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Kelly Foote, Michael S. Okun & Aparna Wagle Shukla - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Objective: Deep brain stimulation targeted to the ventral intermediate nucleus of the thalamus is effective for motor symptoms in essential tremor, but there is limited data on cognitive outcomes. We examined cognitive outcomes in a large cohort of ET DBS patients.Methods: In a retrospective analysis, we used repeated-measures ANOVA testing to examine whether the age of tremor onset, age at DBS surgery, hemisphere side implanted with lead, unilateral vs. bilateral implantations, and presence of surgical complications influenced the cognitive outcomes. Neuropsychological (...)
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  3. Shannon + Friston = Content: Intentionality in predictive signaling systems.Carrie Figdor - 2021 - Synthese 199 (1-2):2793-2816.
    What is the content of a mental state? This question poses the problem of intentionality: to explain how mental states can be about other things, where being about them is understood as representing them. A framework that integrates predictive coding and signaling systems theories of cognitive processing offers a new perspective on intentionality. On this view, at least some mental states are evaluations, which differ in function, operation, and normativity from representations. A complete naturalistic theory of intentionality must account for (...)
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  4. Technology and the Virtues: A Philosophical Guide to a Future Worth Wanting.Shannon Vallor - 2016 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press USA.
    New technologies from artificial intelligence to drones, and biomedical enhancement make the future of the human family increasingly hard to predict and protect. This book explores how the philosophical tradition of virtue ethics can help us to cultivate the moral wisdom we need to live wisely and well with emerging technologies.
  5.  34
    Yvonne Chiu: Conspiring with the Enemy: The Ethic of Cooperation in Warfare. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2019. Pp. xvi, 344.). [REVIEW]Peter Olsthoorn - 2020 - The Review of Politics 82 (4):658-660.
    Clausewitz made the intuitively appealing claim that wars tend to “absoluteness,” and that all limitations imposed by law and morality are in theory alien to it. Clausewitz of course knew that there are in practice many limitations to how wars are fought, but he saw them as contingent to what war is. Since then, however, historians such as John Lynn (Battle: A History of Combat and Culture [Westview Press, 2003]), John Keegan (A History of Warfare ([Random House,1993]) and Victor Davis (...)
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  6.  6
    The Fate of Tensor-Vector-Scalar Modified Gravity.Shannon Sylvie Abelson - 2022 - Foundations of Physics 52 (1):1-19.
    The 2017 codetection of electromagnetic radiation and gravitational waves was the first of its kind and marked the beginning of multimessenger astronomy. But this event has been treated within recent literature as something of an end as well. The 2017 detection is often regarded as an instance of falsification for all theories of modified gravity which postulate gravitational waves propagate along separate geodesics from electromagnetic radiation, perhaps most notably Jacob Bekenstein’s Tensor-Vector-Scalar gravity. I critically examine this explicit endorsement of falsification (...)
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  7.  9
    Variety of evidence in multimessenger astronomy.Shannon Sylvie Abelson - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 94 (C):133-142.
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  8.  9
    A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits.Claude E. Shannon - 1939 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 4 (2):103-103.
  9. Moral Deskilling and Upskilling in a New Machine Age: Reflections on the Ambiguous Future of Character.Shannon Vallor - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (1):107-124.
    This paper explores the ambiguous impact of new information and communications technologies on the cultivation of moral skills in human beings. Just as twentieth century advances in machine automation resulted in the economic devaluation of practical knowledge and skillsets historically cultivated by machinists, artisans, and other highly trained workers , while also driving the cultivation of new skills in a variety of engineering and white collar occupations, ICTs are also recognized as potential causes of a complex pattern of economic deskilling, (...)
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  10.  43
    A Universal Turing Machine with Two Internal States.Claude E. Shannon - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):532-532.
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  11.  75
    How We Understand Others: Philosophy and Social Cognition.Shannon Spaulding - 2018 - New York, NY, USA: Routledge.
    In our everyday social interactions, we try to make sense of what people are thinking, why they act as they do, and what they are likely to do next. This process is called mindreading. Mindreading, Shannon Spaulding argues in this book, is central to our ability to understand and interact with others. Philosophers and cognitive scientists have converged on the idea that mindreading involves theorizing about and simulating others’ mental states. She argues that this view of mindreading is limiting (...)
  12.  18
    When Does Ethical Leadership Affect Workplace Incivility? The Moderating Role of Follower Personality.Shannon G. Taylor & Marshall W. Pattie - 2014 - Business Ethics Quarterly 24 (4):595-616.
  13.  20
    Queering Freedom.Shannon Winnubst (ed.) - 2006 - Indiana University Press.
    "Radically reorienting, challenging, provocative, this book moves progressive philosophy, feminist and queer theory, critical discussions of race and racism forward. Prophetically, it calls for an interrogation of all our oppositional theory and politics, offering new and alternative visions." —bell hooks In Queering Freedom, Shannon Winnubst examines contemporary categories of difference—sexuality, race, gender, class, and nationality—and how they operate within the politics of domination. Drawing on the work of Georges Bataille, Michel Foucault, and others, Winnubst engages feminist theory, race theory, (...)
  14. Dretske, Shannon’s Theory and the Interpretation of Information.Olimpia I. Lombardi - 2005 - Synthese 144 (1):23-39.
  15. Organizational Factors Encouraging Ethical Decision Making: An Exploration into the Case of an Exemplar.Shannon Bowen - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (4):311-324.
    What factors in the organizational culture of an ethically exemplary corporation are responsible for encouraging ethical decision making? This question was analyzed through an exploratory case study of a top pharmaceutical company that is a global leader in ethics. The participating organization is renowned in public opinion polls of ethics, credibility, and trust. This research explored organizational culture, communication in issues management and public relations, management theory, and deontological or utilitarian moral philosophy as factors that might encourage ethical analysis. Our (...)
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  16.  70
    Technology and the Virtues: a Response to My Critics.Shannon Vallor - 2018 - Philosophy and Technology 31 (2):305-316.
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  17.  15
    Buddhist-Christian Complementarity in the Perspective of Quantum Physics.Lai Pan-Chiu - 2002 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 22 (1):149-162.
  18. Social networking technology and the virtues.Shannon Vallor - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (2):157-170.
    This paper argues in favor of more widespread and systematic applications of a virtue-based normative framework to questions about the ethical impact of information technologies, and social networking technologies in particular. The first stage of the argument identifies several distinctive features of virtue ethics that make it uniquely suited to the domain of IT ethics, while remaining complementary to other normative approaches. I also note its potential to reconcile a number of significant methodological conflicts and debates in the existing literature, (...)
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  19. Flourishing on facebook: virtue friendship & new social media.Shannon Vallor - 2012 - Ethics and Information Technology 14 (3):185-199.
    The widespread and growing use of new social media, especially social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter, invites sustained ethical reflection on emerging forms of online friendship. Social scientists and psychologists are gathering a wealth of empirical data on these trends, yet philosophical analysis of their ethical implications remains comparatively impoverished. In particular, there have been few attempts to explore how traditional ethical theories might be brought to bear upon these developments, or what insights they might offer, if any. (...)
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  20. Maximum Shannon Entropy, Minimum Fisher Information, and an Elementary Game.Shunlong Luo - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (11):1757-1772.
    We formulate an elementary statistical game which captures the essence of some fundamental quantum experiments such as photon polarization and spin measurement. We explore and compare the significance of the principle of maximum Shannon entropy and the principle of minimum Fisher information in solving such a game. The solution based on the principle of minimum Fisher information coincides with the solution based on an invariance principle, and provides an informational explanation of Malus' law for photon polarization. There is no (...)
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  21. Carebots and Caregivers: Sustaining the Ethical Ideal of Care in the Twenty-First Century.Shannon Vallor - 2011 - Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):251-268.
    In the early twenty-first century, we stand on the threshold of welcoming robots into domains of human activity that will expand their presence in our lives dramatically. One provocative new frontier in robotics, motivated by a convergence of demographic, economic, cultural, and institutional pressures, is the development of “carebots”—robots intended to assist or replace human caregivers in the practice of caring for vulnerable persons such as the elderly, young, sick, or disabled. I argue here that existing philosophical reflections on the (...)
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  22.  4
    Motor and Predictive Processes in Auditory Beat and Rhythm Perception.Shannon Proksch, Daniel C. Comstock, Butovens Médé, Alexandria Pabst & Ramesh Balasubramaniam - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  23.  23
    Mahāyāna Interpretation of Christianity: A Case Study of Zhang Chunyi.Lai Pan-Chiu & So Yuen-tai - 2007 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 27 (1):67-87.
  24. What is Shannon information?Olimpia Lombardi, Federico Holik & Leonardo Vanni - 2016 - Synthese 193 (7):1983-2012.
    Despite of its formal precision and its great many applications, Shannon’s theory still offers an active terrain of debate when the interpretation of its main concepts is the task at issue. In this article we try to analyze certain points that still remain obscure or matter of discussion, and whose elucidation contribute to the assessment of the different interpretative proposals about the concept of information. In particular, we argue for a pluralist position, according to which the different views about (...)
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  25.  8
    Josh Tickell: Kiss the ground: How the food you eat can reverse climate change, heal your body and ultimately save our world.Shannon F. Paulson - 2021 - Agriculture and Human Values 38 (3):859-860.
  26. Revealing Whiteness: The Unconscious Habits of Racial Privilege.Shannon Sullivan - 2006 - Indiana University Press.
    "[A] lucid discussion of race that does not sell out the black experience." —Tommy Lott, author of The Invention of Race Revealing Whiteness explores how white privilege operates as an unseen, invisible, and unquestioned norm in society today. In this personal and selfsearching book, Shannon Sullivan interrogates her own whiteness and how being white has affected her. By looking closely at the subtleties of white domination, she issues a call for other white people to own up to their unspoken (...)
  27.  44
    Living Across and Through Skins: Transactional Bodies, Pragmatism, and Feminism.Shannon Sullivan - 2001 - Indiana University Press.
    According to Shannon Sullivan, thinking about the body as being in transaction with its social, political, cultural, and physical surroundings is not a new idea.
  28.  27
    The Temporal Structure of Habits and the Possibility of Transformation.Shannon B. Proctor - 2016 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (2):2551-266.
    Habits and habitudes are peculiar in that they are both a condition of human agency, as well as one of its most significant hurdles. They open up the world by providing us with ways of being within it (e.g., how we perceive, move about, and generally orient ourselves in space). However, they also confine our worldly behavior given their repetitive and often predictable nature. This tension between spontaneity and repetition arises out of the two-fold temporal structure of habits – i.e., (...)
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  29.  9
    Timothy Richard's Buddhist-Christian Studies.Lai Pan-Chiu - 2009 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 29:23-38.
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  30.  1
    Passion and Persistence: Investigating the Relationship Between Adverse Childhood Experiences and Grit in College Students in China.Shannon Cheung, Chien-Chung Huang & Congcong Zhang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Adverse childhood experiences are known to have deleterious effects on individuals across the life span, but less is known about how they affect grit, a strong predictor of achievements and well-being. This study seeks to investigate the effect of ACEs on grit in a sample of Chinese college students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were collected from 1,871 students across 12 universities in China. Findings indicated a significant effect of ACEs on grit, particularly abuse and neglect dimensions of ACE. Since (...)
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  31.  62
    Restraining Police Use of Lethal Force and the Moral Problem of Militarization.Shannon Brandt Ford - 2022 - Criminal Justice Ethics 41 (1):1-20.
    I defend the view that a significant ethical distinction can be made between justified killing in self-defense and police use of lethal force. I start by opposing the belief that police use of lethal force is morally justified on the basis of self-defense. Then I demonstrate that the state’s monopoly on the use of force within a given jurisdiction invests police officers with responsibilities that go beyond what morality requires of the average person. I argue that the police should primarily (...)
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  32.  8
    Zhuangzi’s evaluation of qing and its relationship to knowledge.Chiu Wai Wai - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (3):288-304.
    This paper articulates the relationship between knowledge and qing 情 in the Zhuangzi. I argue that Zhuangzi has a twofold view of qing, which is structurally similar to his view of knowledge. I sta...
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  33.  52
    Using Classic Social Media Cases to Distill Ethical Guidelines for Digital Engagement.Shannon A. Bowen - 2013 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 28 (2):119-133.
    Through systematic case analyses of much-discussed social media cases, both negative aspects and best practices of social media use are revealed. Ethical theory is applied to these cases as a means of analysis to reveal the moral principles associated with each case. Four cases are analyzed, ranging from bad to arguably innovative. Based upon comparing the moral principles upheld or violated, descriptive ethics are used to infer normative ethical guidelines to govern the use of social media. Fifteen ethical guidelines derived (...)
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  34.  4
    Yvonne Chiu, Conspiring with the Enemy: The Ethics of Cooperation in Warfare.Patrick Taylor Smith - 2022 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 19 (3):323-326.
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  35.  19
    Computers and Automata.Claude E. Shannon - 1954 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (2):140-141.
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  36.  1
    Josh Tickell: Kiss the ground: How the food you eat can reverse climate change, heal your body and ultimately save our world: Atria/enliven Books, New York, NY, USA 2020, 334 pp, ISBN 978-1-5011-7026-3. [REVIEW]Shannon F. Paulson - 2021 - Agriculture and Human Values 38 (3):859-860.
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  37.  26
    Face processing improvements in prosopagnosia: successes and failures over the last 50 years.Joseph M. DeGutis, Christopher Chiu, Mallory E. Grosso & Sarah Cohan - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  38. The Synthesis of Two-Terminal Switching Circuits.Claude E. Shannon - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (1):69-69.
     
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  39. Learning from lines: Critical COVID data visualizations and the quarantine quotidian.Shannon Mattern, Erin Simmons & Emily Bowe - 2020 - Big Data and Society 7 (2).
    In response to the ubiquitous graphs and maps of COVID-19, artists, designers, data scientists, and public health officials are teaming up to create counter-plots and subaltern maps of the pandemic. In this intervention, we describe the various functions served by these projects. First, they offer tutorials and tools for both dataviz practitioners and their publics to encourage critical thinking about how COVID-19 data is sourced and modeled—and to consider which subjects are not interpellated in those data sets, and why not. (...)
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  40. Reading, Writing, and Rewriting the Prostitute Body.Shannon Bell - 1994 - Indiana University Press.
    "I found this a fascinating book: wide-ranging, readable." —Alison Jaggar Bell shows how the flesh-and-blood female body engaged in sexual interaction for payment has no inherent meaning and is signified differently in different cultures ...
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  41. The pregnancy of the real: A phenomenological defense of experimental realism.Shannon Vallor - 2009 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 52 (1):1 – 25.
    This paper develops a phenomenological defense of Ian Hacking's experimental realism about unobservable entities in physical science, employing historically undervalued resources from the phenomenological tradition in order to clarify the warrant for our ontological commitments in science. Building upon the work of Husserl, Merleau-Ponty and Heelan, the paper provides a phenomenological correction of the positivistic conception of perceptual evidence maintained by antirealists such as van Fraassen, the experimental relevance of which is illustrated through a phenomenological interpretation of the 1974 discovery (...)
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  42. Show me the Worth of a Human Person: an East Asian Perspective.Michael Nai-Chiu Poon - 1998 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 15 (1):13-15.
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  43. On Direct Social Perception.Shannon Spaulding - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:472-482.
    Direct Social Perception (DSP) is the idea that we can non-inferentially perceive others’ mental states. In this paper, I argue that the standard way of framing DSP leaves the debate at an impasse. I suggest two alternative interpretations of the idea that we see others’ mental states: others’ mental states are represented in the content of our perception, and we have basic perceptual beliefs about others’ mental states. I argue that the latter interpretation of DSP is more promising and examine (...)
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  44.  18
    Dual Use Research: Investigation Across Multiple Science Disciplines.Shannon Oltmann - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (2):327-341.
    Most recent studies of dual use research have focused on the life sciences, although some researchers have suggested that dual use research occurs across many disciplines. This research is an initial investigation into the prevalence of dual use research in other scientific disciplines by surveying senior editors of scientific journals, drawn from Journal Citation Reports. The survey was emailed to 7,500 journal editors with a response rate of 10.1 %. Approximately 4.8 % of life science editors reported they had to (...)
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  45.  31
    The role of overt rehearsal in enhanced conscious memory for emotional events.Shannon Cernich Guy & Larry Cahill - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (1):114-122.
    This study tested the hypothesis that overt rehearsal is sufficient to explain enhanced memory associated with emotion by experimentally manipulating rehearsal of emotional material. Participants viewed two sets of film clips, one set of emotional films and one set of relatively neutral films. One set of films was viewed in each of two sessions, with approximately 1 week between the sessions. Participants were given a free recall test of all of films viewed approximately 1 week after the second session. Rehearsal (...)
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  46.  10
    Effortful Control Development in the Face of Harshness and Unpredictability.Shannon M. Warren & Melissa A. Barnett - 2020 - Human Nature 31 (1):68-87.
    Using psychosocial acceleration theory, this multimethod, multi-reporter study examines how early adversity adaptively shapes the development of a self-regulation construct: effortful control. Investigation of links between early life harshness and unpredictability and the development of effortful control could facilitate a nuanced understanding of early environmental effects on cognitive and social development. Using the Building Strong Families national longitudinal data set, aspects of early environmental harshness and early environmental unpredictability were tested as unique predictors of effortful control at age 3 using (...)
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  47. Liberal Lustration.Yvonne Chiu - 2011 - Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (4):440-464.
    After a regime-changing war, a state often engages in lustration—condemnation and punishment of dangerous, corrupt, or culpable remnants of the previous system—e.g., de-Nazification or the more recent de-Ba’athification in Iraq. This common practice poses an important moral dilemma for liberals because even thoughtful and nuanced lustration involves condemning groups of people, instead of treating each case individually. It also raises important questions about collective agency, group treatment, and rectifying historical injustices. Liberals often oppose lustration because it denies moral individualism and (...)
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  48.  12
    Way Too Cool: Selling Out Race and Ethics.Shannon Winnubst - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Life, liberty, and the pursuit of cool have informed the American ethos since at least the 1970s. Whether we strive for it in politics or fashion, cool is big business for those who can sell it across a range of markets and media. Yet the concept wasn't always a popular commodity. Cool began as a potent aesthetic of post-World War II black culture, embodying a very specific, highly charged method of resistance to white supremacy and the globalized exploitation of capital. (...)
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  49.  20
    Minding Our Metaphors in Education.Shannon Rodgers - 2016 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 48 (6).
    If educators presuppose that brain and mind are synonymous, perhaps it is out of necessity. Such an equivalency might be required in order for mind to be accessible, knowable and a ‘thing’ like the brain is. Such a presupposition, that mind is a thing which we can understand nonetheless rests on an insecure foundation. As suggested by philosopher John Searle in the opening quotation, this might explain the historical and present day interest in metaphors of mind, where comparisons to unlike (...)
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  50.  9
    Human Rights and Foreign Direct Investment A Two-Stage Analysis.Shannon Lindsey Blanton & Robert G. Blanton - 2006 - Business and Society 45 (4):464-485.
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