Results for 'Sharon E. Berry'

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  1.  28
    Coincidence Avoidance and Formulating the Access Problem.Sharon E. Berry - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50 (6):687-701.
    In this article, I discuss a trivialization worry for Hartry Field’s official formulation of the access problem for mathematical realists, which was pointed out by Øystein Linnebo. I argue that various attempted reformulations of the Benacerraf problem fail to block trivialization, but that access worriers can better defend themselves by sticking closer to Hartry Field’s initial informal characterization of the access problem in terms of general epistemic norms of coincidence avoidance.
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  2.  21
    Coincidence Avoidance and Formulating the Access Problem.Sharon E. Berry - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50 (6):687 - 701.
    In this article, I discuss a trivialization worry for Hartry Field’s official formulation of the access problem for mathematical realists, which was pointed out by Øystein Linnebo (and has recently been made much of by Justin Clarke-Doane). I argue that various attempted reformulations of the Benacerraf problem fail to block trivialization, but that access worriers can better defend themselves by sticking closer to Hartry Field’s initial informal characterization of the access problem in terms of (something like) general epistemic norms of (...)
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  3. Gunk Mountains: A puzzle.Sharon E. Berry - 2019 - Analysis 79 (1):3-10.
    This note points out a conflict between some common intuitions about metaphysical possibility. On the one hand, it is appealing to deny that there are robust counterfactuals about how various physically impossible substances would interact with the matter that exists at our world. On the other hand, our intuitions about how concepts like MOUNTAIN apply at other metaphysically possible worlds seem to presuppose facts about ‘solidity’ which cash out in terms of these counterfactuals. I consider several simple attempts to resolve (...)
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  4.  11
    The Battling Botanist: Daniel Trembly MacDougal, Mutation Theory, and the Rise of Experimental Evolutionary Biology in America, 1900-1912.Sharon E. Kingsland - 1991 - Isis 82 (3):479-509.
  5.  11
    Neural Processing of Facial Identity and Emotion in Infants at High-Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders.Sharon E. Fox, Jennifer B. Wagner, Christine L. Shrock, Helen Tager-Flusberg & Charles A. Nelson - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  6.  7
    Food Philosophy: An Introduction, by David M. Kaplan. [REVIEW]Sharon E. Mason - 2020 - Teaching Philosophy 43 (2):207-210.
  7.  14
    Sharon E. Kingsland, The Evolution of American Ecology. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005. Pp. x+313. ISBN 0-8018-8171-4. £33.50. [REVIEW]Thomas P. Weber - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (3):453.
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  8.  2
    Frits Went’s Atomic Age Greenhouse: The Changing Labscape on the Lab-Field Border.Sharon E. Kingsland - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (2):289-324.
    In Landscapes and Labscapes Robert Kohler emphasized the separation between laboratory and field cultures and the creation of new "hybrid" or mixed practices as field sciences matured in the early twentieth century. This article explores related changes in laboratory practices, especially novel designs for the analysis of organism-environment relations in the mid-twentieth century. American ecologist Victor Shelford argued in 1929 that technological improvements and indoor climate control should be applied to ecological laboratories, but his recommendations were too ambitious for the (...)
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  9.  34
    For the sake of the children: destigmatizing intersexuality.Sharon E. Preves - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (4):411.
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  10.  21
    The role of Achtung in Kant's moral theory.Sharon E. Sytsma - 1993 - Auslegung 19 (2):117-122.
  11. Book Review: Intersexuality and the Law: Why Sex Matters by Julie A. Greenberg. [REVIEW]Sharon E. Preves - 2014 - Gender and Society 28 (1):167-169.
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  12.  11
    Mathematical figments, biological facts: Population ecology in the thirties.Sharon E. Kingsland - 1986 - Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):235-256.
  13.  20
    Nursing ethics committees and policy development.Sharon E. Igoe & Susan A. Goncalves - 1997 - HEC Forum 9 (1):20-26.
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  14.  36
    Compassion and Moral Worth.Sharon E. Sytsma - 1997 - Dialogue 36 (3):583.
    Mon projet est de montrer qu'une meilleure compréhension de la position de Kant sur la valeur morale et sur le rôle de la compassion révèle que les objections soulevées par les théoriciens contemporains de la psychologie morale et par les féministes ne sont pas fondées, et que la position de Kant sur ces questions n'est pas du tout contre-intuitive. D'autres on dej´ soutenu que Kant accorde un rôle important á la compassion et que sa présence, pour lui, ne diminue pas (...)
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  15.  16
    Review: Science and Politics in the Nineteenth Century. [REVIEW]Sharon E. Kingsland - 1991 - Journal of the History of Biology 24 (1):155 - 161.
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  16.  6
    Sharon E. Kingsland. The Evolution of American Ecology, 1890–2000. x + 313 pp., index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005. $50. [REVIEW]Joel B. Hagen - 2006 - Isis 97 (4):770-770.
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  17.  3
    Maintaining Continuity through a Scientific Revolution.Sharon E. Kingsland - 2007 - Isis 98 (3):468-488.
  18. Efthalia C. Constantinides, The Wall Paintings of the Panagia Olympiotissa at Elasson in Northern Thessaly. Ed. Jacques Y. Perreault. Preface by Doula Mouriki (†). 2 vols.(Publications of the Canadian Archaeological Institute at Athens, 2.) Athens: Canadian Archaeological Institute at Athens, 1992. 1: pp. 410; 14 plans, 3 maps, 2 black-and-white illustrations. 2: pp. 255; 110 color plates, 143 black-and-white plates. $150. Distributed in the US by Medieval Materials, 6 Follen St., Cambridge, MA 02138. [REVIEW]Sharon E. J. Gerstel - 1994 - Speculum 69 (2):447-449.
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  19.  61
    Essay review: The history of ecology. [REVIEW]Sharon E. Kingsland - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (2):349-357.
  20. Kurt Weitzmann and Herbert L. Kessler, The Cotton Genesis.(The Illustrations in the Manuscripts of the Septuagint, 1.) Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986. Pp. xiii, 250; many black-and-white illustrations, 25 color plates. $150. [REVIEW]Sharon E. Gerstel - 1988 - Speculum 63 (3):731-733.
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  21.  2
    Holding chromatids together to ensure they go their separate ways.Sharon E. Bickel & Terry L. Orr-Weaver - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (4):293-300.
  22.  2
    A Humanistic Science: Charles Judson Herrick and the Struggle for Psychobiology at the University of Chicago.Sharon E. Kingsland - 1993 - Perspectives on Science 1 (3):445-477.
    This article examines the study of mind and behavior at the University of Chicago through the career of Charles Judson Herrick, neuroanatomist and psychobiologist. Herrick’s views on human nature, education, and social control are discussed in the context of the progressive evolutionism pervading the university in the early twentieth century. The religious background of Herrick’s work is important to understanding the service ethos that permeated his science, which was also the basis of his interest in pragmatism and of his opposition (...)
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  23.  41
    Agapic friendship.Sharon E. Sytsma - 2003 - Philosophy and Literature 27 (2):428-435.
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  24.  37
    Ethical internalism and moral indifference.Sharon E. Sytsma - 1995 - Journal of Value Inquiry 29 (2):193-201.
    I examine the argument that Ethical Internalism (the theory that moral judgment entails or guarantees motivation to act morally) must be false because of the fact of moral indifference. I argue that no facts of moral indifference can be adduced as evidence against the internalism. I begin by distinguishing two main versions of internalism. Then I identify and characterize four common forms of moral indifference and explain why each form fails to offer evidence against internalism. Only what I call Authentic (...)
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  25.  32
    Battered Woman Who Kill: Victims and Agents of Violence.Sharon E. Hartline - 1997 - Journal of Social Philosophy 28 (2):56-67.
  26. Anencephalics as organ sources.Sharon E. Sytsma - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (1).
    In recent years, the need for infant organs for transplantation has increased. There is a growing recognition of the potential use of anencephalics as sources of organs. Prevalent arguments defending the use of live anencephalics for organ sources are identified and criticized. I argue that attempts to deny the applicability of the dead-donor rule are either question-begging or based on false premises and that attempts to skirt the Kantian dictum against treating others as a means only are not successful. I (...)
     
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  27.  18
    Sharon E. J. Gerstel, Beholding the Sacred Mysteries. Programs of the Byzantine Sanctuary.Michael Altripp - 2000 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 93 (2).
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  28.  27
    Illuminating the Complexities of Ethical Decision Making: APA Ethics Code Commentary and Case Illustrations. Linda Campbell, Melba Vasquez, Stephen Behnke, and Robert Kinscherff. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2010, 392 pages, $69.95. [REVIEW]Rebecca A. Rialon & Sharon E. Williams - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (3):261-262.
    Ethics & Behavior, Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 261-262, May-June 2011.
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  29.  7
    Intensity-time relationship and perceived shape.H. W. Leibowitz, Sharon E. Toffey & John L. Searle - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (1):7.
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  30.  34
    The J.H.B. bookshelf.Shirley A. Roe, Sharon E. Kingsland, Jane Maienschein & Barbara G. Beddall - 1989 - Journal of the History of Biology 22 (1):177-184.
  31.  23
    A Logical Foundation for Potentialist Set Theory.Sharon Berry - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    In many ways set theory lies at the heart of modern mathematics, and it does powerful work both philosophical and mathematical – as a foundation for the subject. However, certain philosophical problems raise serious doubts about our acceptance of the axioms of set theory. In a detailed and original reassessment of these axioms, Sharon Berry uses a potentialist approach to develop a unified determinate conception of set-theoretic truth that vindicates many of our intuitive expectations regarding set theory. (...) further defends her approach against a number of possible objections, and she shows how a notion of logical possibility that is useful in formulating Potentialist set theory connects in important ways with philosophy of language, metametaphysics and philosophy of science. Her book will appeal to readers with interests in the philosophy of set theory, modal logic, and the role of mathematics in the sciences. (shrink)
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  32.  15
    The relationship between death anxiety and level of self-esteem: A reassessment.Victoria L. Buzzanga, Holly R. Miller, Sharon E. Perne, Julie A. Sander & Stephen F. Davis - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):570-572.
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  33.  32
    The J.H.B. bookshelf.Shirley A. Roe, Eugene Cittadino, Sharon E. Kingsland, Janet Browne, Ronald Rainger, A. R. S. & Keith R. Benson - 1986 - Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):313-322.
  34.  26
    The J.H.B. bookshelf.Shirley A. Roe, Keith R. Benson, Joy Harvey & Sharon E. Kingsland - 1987 - Journal of the History of Biology 20 (1):131-135.
  35. The JHB bookshelf.Mark V. Barrow Jr, Keith R. Benson, Paula Findlen, Deborah Fitzgerald, Joel B. Hagen, Joy Harvey, Sharon E. Kingsland, Jane Maienschein, Gregg Mitman & Lynn K. Nyhart - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29:463-479.
     
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  36.  10
    Pediatric Cancer Genetics Research and an Evolving Preventive Ethics Approach for Return of Results after Death of the Subject.Sarah Scollon, Katie Bergstrom, Laurence B. McCullough, Amy L. McGuire, Stephanie Gutierrez, Robin Kerstein, D. Williams Parsons & Sharon E. Plon - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):529-537.
    The return of genetic research results after death in the pediatric setting comes with unique complexities. Researchers must determine which results and through which processes results are returned. This paper discusses the experience over 15 years in pediatric cancer genetics research of returning research results after the death of a child and proposes a preventive ethics approach to protocol development in order to improve the quality of return of results in pediatric genomic settings.
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  37. Coincidence Avoidance and Formulating the Access Problem.Sharon Berry - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy.
    In this article, I discuss a trivialization worry for Hartry Field’s official formulation of the access problem for mathematical realists, which was pointed out by Øystein Linnebo (and has recently been made much of by Justin Clarke-Doane). I argue that various attempted reformulations of the Benacerraf problem fail to block trivialization, but that access worriers can better defend themselves by sticking closer to Hartry Field’s initial informal characterization of the access problem in terms of (something like) general epistemic norms of (...)
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  38. (Probably) Not companions in guilt.Sharon Berry - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (9):2285-2308.
    In this paper, I will attempt to develop and defend a common form of intuitive resistance to the companions in guilt argument. I will argue that one can reasonably believe there are promising solutions to the access problem for mathematical realism that don’t translate to moral realism. In particular, I will suggest that the structuralist project of accounting for mathematical knowledge in terms of some form of logical knowledge offers significant hope of success while no analogous approach offers such hope (...)
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  39.  14
    Modeling Nature: Episodes in the History of Population Ecology. Sharon E. Kingsland.Frank N. Egerton - 1986 - Isis 77 (2):355-355.
  40.  28
    Physical Possibility and Determinate Number Theory.Sharon Berry - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica:nkab013.
    ABSTRACT It is currently fashionable to take Putnamian model-theoretic worries seriously for mathematics, but not for discussions of ordinary physical objects and the sciences. However, I will argue that merely securing determinate reference to physical possibility suffices to rule out the kind of nonstandard interpretations of our number talk Putnam invokes. So, anyone who accepts determinate reference to physical possibility should not reject determinate reference to the natural numbers on Putnamian model-theoretic grounds.
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  41. Modal Structuralism Simplified.Sharon Berry - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 48 (2):200-222.
    Since Benacerraf’s ‘What Numbers Could Not Be, ’ there has been a growing interest in mathematical structuralism. An influential form of mathematical structuralism, modal structuralism, uses logical possibility and second order logic to provide paraphrases of mathematical statements which don’t quantify over mathematical objects. These modal structuralist paraphrases are a useful tool for nominalists and realists alike. But their use of second order logic and quantification into the logical possibility operator raises concerns. In this paper, I show that the work (...)
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  42.  97
    Default Reasonableness and the Mathoids.Sharon Berry - 2013 - Synthese 190 (17):3695-3713.
    In this paper I will argue that (principled) attempts to ground a priori knowledge in default reasonable beliefs cannot capture certain common intuitions about what is required for a priori knowledge. I will describe hypothetical creatures who derive complex mathematical truths like Fermat’s last theorem via short and intuitively unconvincing arguments. Many philosophers with foundationalist inclinations will feel that these creatures must lack knowledge because they are unable to justify their mathematical assumptions in terms of the kind of basic facts (...)
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  43.  68
    Malament–Hogarth Machines and Tait’s Axiomatic Conception of Mathematics.Sharon Berry - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (4):893-907.
    In this paper I will argue that Tait’s axiomatic conception of mathematics implies that it is in principle impossible to be justified in believing a mathematical statement without being justified in believing that statement to be provable. I will then show that there are possible courses of experience which would justify acceptance of a mathematical statement without justifying belief that this statement is provable.
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  44. Physical Possibility and Determinate Number Theory.Sharon Berry - manuscript
    It's currently fashionable to take Putnamian model theoretic worries seriously for mathematics, but not for discussions of ordinary physical objects and the sciences. But I will argue that (under certain mild assumptions) merely securing determinate reference to physical possibility suffices to rule out nonstandard models of our talk of numbers. So anyone who accepts realist reference to physical possibility should not reject reference to the standard model of the natural numbers on Putnamian model theoretic grounds.
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  45.  56
    Gender and ethical orientation: A test of gender and occupational socialization theories. [REVIEW]E. Sharon Mason & Peter E. Mudrack - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (6):599 - 604.
    Ethics and associated values influence not only managerial behavior but also managerial success (England and Lee, 1973). Gender socialization theory hypothesizes gender differences in ethics variables whether or not individuals are full time employees; occupational socialization hypothesizes gender similarity in employees. The conflicting hypotheses were investigated using questionnaire responses from a sample of 308 individuals. Analysis of variance and hierarchical regression yielded unexpected results. Although no significant gender differences emerged in individuals lacking full time employment, significant differences existed between employed (...)
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  46.  97
    Σ01 soundness isn’t enough: Number theoretic indeterminacy’s unsavory physical commitments.Sharon Elizabeth Berry - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    It’s sometimes suggested that we can (in a sense) settle the truth-value of some statements in the language of number theory by stipulation, adopting either φ or ¬φ as an additional axiom. For example, in Clarke-Doane (2020b) and a series of recent APA presentations, Clarke-Doane suggests that any Σ01 sound expansion of our current arithmetical practice would express a truth. In this paper, I’ll argue that (given a certain popular assumption about the model-theoretic representability of languages like ours) we can’t (...)
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  47. External World Skepticism, Confidence and Psychologism about the Problem of Priors.Sharon Berry - 2019 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 57 (3):324-346.
    In this paper I will draw attention to an important route to external world skepticism, which I will call confidence skepticism. I will argue that we can defang confidence skepticism (though not a meeker ‘argument from might’ which has got some attention in the 20th century literature on external world skepticism) by adopting a partially psychologistic answer to the problem of priors. And I will argue that certain recent work in the epistemology of mathematics and logic provides independent support for (...)
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  48.  27
    Quantifier Variance, Mathematicians’ Freedom and the Revenge of Quinean Indispensability Worries.Sharon Berry - 2022 - Erkenntnis 87 (5):2201-2218.
    Invoking a form of quantifier variance promises to let us explain mathematicians’ freedom to introduce new kinds of mathematical objects in a way that avoids some problems for standard platonist and nominalist views. In this paper I’ll note that, despite traditional associations between quantifier variance and Carnapian rejection of metaphysics, Siderian realists about metaphysics can naturally be quantifier variantists. Unfortunately a variant on the Quinean indispensability argument concerning grounding seems to pose a problem for philosophers who accept this hybrid. However (...)
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  49.  29
    Social inclusion/exclusion as matters of social (in)justice: a call for nursing action.Sharon M. Yanicki, Kaysi E. Kushner & Linda Reutter - 2015 - Nursing Inquiry 22 (2):121-133.
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  50.  93
    The Residual Access Problem.Sharon Berry - manuscript
    A range of current truth-value realist philosophies of mathematics allow one to reduce the Benacerraf Problem to a problem concerning mathematicians' ability to recognize which conceptions of pure mathematical structures are coherent – in a sense which can be cashed out in terms of logical possibility. In this paper I will clarify what it takes to solve this `residual' access problem and then present a framework for solving it.
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