11 found
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  1. The importance of getting the ethics right in a pandemic treaty.G. Owen Schaefer, Caesar A. Atuire, Sharon Kaur, Michael Parker, Govind Persad, Maxwell J. Smith, Ross Upshur & Ezekiel Emanuel - 2023 - The Lancet Infectious Diseases 23 (11):e489 - e496.
    The COVID-19 pandemic revealed numerous weaknesses in pandemic preparedness and response, including underfunding, inadequate surveillance, and inequitable distribution of countermeasures. To overcome these weaknesses for future pandemics, WHO released a zero draft of a pandemic treaty in February, 2023, and subsequently a revised bureau's text in May, 2023. COVID-19 made clear that pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response reflect choices and value judgements. These decisions are therefore not a purely scientific or technical exercise, but are fundamentally grounded in ethics. The latest (...)
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  2.  6
    Towards a balanced approach to identifying conflicts of interest faced by institutional review boards.Sharon Kaur & Sujata Balan - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (5):341-361.
    The welfare and protection of human subjects is critical to the integrity of clinical investigation and research. Institutional review boards were thus set up to be impartial reviewers of research protocols in clinical research. Their main role is to stand between the investigator and her human subjects in order to ensure that the welfare of human subjects are protected. While there is much literature on the conflicts of interest faced by investigators and researchers in clinical investigations, an area that is (...)
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    Ethical challenges in clinical practice during the COVID-19 pandemic in an academic healthcare institution in Malaysia: A qualitative study.Sharon Kaur, Mark Tan Kiak Min, Shu Hui Ng & Chirk Jenn Ng - forthcoming - Clinical Ethics:147775092211344.
    Background Healthcare professionals face a myriad of ethical challenges during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. However, there is limited literature examining the ethical challenges faced by HCPs in low- and medium-income countries. The research was designed to explore the ethical challenges experienced by HCPs in a Malaysian hospital setting during the pandemic. Methods Semistructured interviews were conducted via video calls with 10 Malaysian HCPs across different clinical disciplines involved in managing patients diagnosed with COVID-19 infections. The calls were audio-recorded, transcribed (...)
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    Emerging Experiences with Virtual Clinical Ethics Consultation: Case Studies from the United States and Malaysia.Joseph Ali, Cynda H. Rushton, Mark T. Hughes, Mark Tan Kiak Min, Sharon Kaur & Eman Mubarak - 2023 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 34 (1):51-57.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has inspired numerous opportunities for telehealth implementation to meet diverse healthcare needs, including the use of virtual communication platforms to facilitate the growth of and access to clinical ethics consultation (CEC) services across the globe. Here we discuss the conceptualization and implementation of two different virtual CEC services that arose during the COVID-19 pandemic: the Clinical Ethics Malaysia COVID-19 Consultation Service and the Johns Hopkins Hospital Ethics Committee and Consultation Service. A common strength experienced by both platforms (...)
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    How IRBs make decisions: should we worry if they disagree?Sharon Kaur - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (4):230-230.
    There is at present, far too little empirical research into the actual decision-making process of Institutional Review Boards and it is sobering to be reminded by Robert Klitzman's article that while theoretical debates might rage and prove fertile ground for new theories and better ways of approaching research ethics; ethics committee members must try to make sense of these concepts and apply them in very practical situations.1 Klitzman provides important insights into the ….
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    Ethical Considerations in Clinical Trials: A Critique of the ICH-GCP Guideline.Sharon Kaur & Choong Yeow Choy - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):20-28.
    This article examines issues relating to ethics decision-making in clinical trials. The overriding concern is to ensure that the well being and the interests of human subjects are adequately safeguarded. In this respect, this article will embark on a critical analysis of the ICH-GCP Guideline. The purpose of such an undertaking is to highlight areas of concern and the shortcomings of the existing ICH-GCP Guideline. Particular emphasis is made on how ethics committees perform their duties and responsibilities in line with (...)
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    Ethical Considerations in Clinical Trials: A Critique of the ICH ‐ GCP G uideline.Sharon Kaur & Choong Yeow Choy - 2014 - Developing World Bioethics 14 (1):20-28.
    This article examines issues relating to ethics decision‐making in clinical trials. The overriding concern is to ensure that the well being and the interests of human subjects are adequately safeguarded. In this respect, this article will embark on a critical analysis of theICH‐GCP Guideline. The purpose of such an undertaking is to highlight areas of concern and the shortcomings of the existingICH‐GCP Guideline. Particular emphasis is made on how ethics committees perform their duties and responsibilities in line with the principles (...)
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    Rather Than Responding to the Past, Shape the Future Instead.Sharon Kaur - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (6):61-63.
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    Ethical medical repatriation of guest workers: Criteria and challenges.Teck-Chuan Voo, Sharon Kaur & Natarajan Rajaraman - 2021 - Developing World Bioethics 21 (4):227-236.
    Healthcare facilities in receiving countries regularly encounter guest workers whose need for acute or subacute care triggers the prospect of termination of employment and repatriation. In these scenarios, country‐specific migration and employment policies and norms of medical professionalism and ethics offer some guidance, but also create tensions. It is not clear under what conditions such medical repatriation is ethically permissible.This paper analyses the application of a previously articulated criteria for the ethical medical repatriation of undocumented immigrants, to the situation of (...)
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    Ethical medical repatriation of guest workers: Criteria and challenges.Teck-Chuan Voo, Sharon Kaur & Natarajan Rajaraman - 2020 - Developing World Bioethics 21 (4):227-236.
    Developing World Bioethics, Volume 21, Issue 4, Page 227-236, December 2021.
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  11.  7
    Patient Isolation during Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Arguments for Physical Family Presence.Teck Chuan Voo, Zohar Lederman & Sharon Kaur - 2020 - Public Health Ethics 13 (2):133-142.
    This article argues that outbreak preparedness and response should implement a ‘family presence’ policy for infected patients in isolation that includes the option of physical visits and care within the isolation facility under some conditions. While such a ‘physical family presence’ policy could increase infections during an outbreak and may raise moral dilemmas, we argue that it is ethically justified based on the least infringement principle and the need to minimize the harms and burdens of isolation as a restrictive measure. (...)
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