Results for 'Sharon L. Worthing'

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  1. “The Church.William J. Abraham, Jose Miguez Bonino, Robert F. Drinan, Leo Pfeffer, Seymour Siegel, George Huntston Williams & Sharon L. Worthing - 2010 - In Charles Taliaferro & Chad V. Meister (eds.), The Cambridge companion to Christian philosophical theology. New York: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  2.  12
    Racial Integration, Cost-Benefit Analysis, and Philosophical Humility.Sharon Stanley - 2023 - Dialogue 62 (1):47-52.
    RésuméD. C. Matthew propose une critique originale et importante de l'intégration raciale. Son affirmation selon laquelle l'intégration aggravera la dévaluation phénotypique des traits typiquement noirs, menaçant l'estime de soi noire, est persuasive. Pourtant, son argument normatif le plus solide, selon lequel les Noirs devraient rejeter l'intégration puisque les dommages potentiels à leur estime de soi l'emportent sur ses prétendus avantages, est moins convaincant, car il s'appuie sur une analyse coût-bénéfice douteuse. En définitive, étant donné l'incertitude d'un processus aussi complexe qui (...)
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  3.  67
    Science as Social Knowledge.Sharon L. Crasnow - 1992 - Hypatia 8 (3):194-201.
    In Science as Social Knowledge, Helen Longino offers a contextual analysis of evidential relevance. She claims that this "contextual empiricism" reconciles the objectivity of science with the claim that science is socially constructed. I argue that while her account does offer key insights into the role that values play in science, her claim that science is nonetheless objective is problematic.
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  4.  58
    Models and Reality: When Science Tackles Sex.Sharon L. Crasnow - 2001 - Hypatia 16 (3):138-148.
    Through a discussion of the way science has been used to address intersexuality, I explore an idea about how to understand science as objective and yet influenced by social, historical, and cultural factors. I propose that the Semantic View of theories provides a means of understanding how science describes reality, and I look at the way science has been used to distinguish the sexes to provide an illustration.
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  5. How natural can ontology be?Sharon L. Crasnow - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (1):114-132.
    Arthur Fine's Natural Ontological Attitude (NOA) is intended to provide an alternative to both realism and antirealism. I argue that the most plausible meaning of "natural" in NOA is "nonphilosophical," but that Fine comes to NOA through a particular conception of philosophy. I suggest that instead of a natural attitude we should adopt a philosophical attitude. This is one that is self-conscious, pragmatic, pluralistic, and sensitive to context. I conclude that when scientific realism and antirealism are viewed with a philosophical (...)
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  6.  42
    Exploring the Public Understanding of Basic Genetic Concepts.Sharon L. R. Kardia, Jane P. Sheldon, Elizabeth M. Petty, Merle Feldbaum, Elizabeth S. Anderson, Angela D. Lanie & Toby Epstein Jayaratne - unknown
    It is predicted that the rapid acquisition of new genetic knowledge and related applications during the next decade will have significant implications for virtually all members of society. Currently, most people get exposed to information about genes and genetics only through stories publicized in the media. We sought to understand how individuals in the general population used and understood the concepts of ???genetics??? and ???genes.??? During in-depth one-on-one telephone interviews with adults in the United States, we asked questions exploring their (...)
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  7.  51
    Can Science Be Objective? Longino's Science as Social Knowledge.Sharon L. Crasnow - 1993 - Hypatia 8 (3):194-201.
    InScience as Social Knowledge, Helen Longino offers a contextual analysis of evidential relevance. She claims that this “contextual empiricism” reconciles the objectivity of science with the claim that science is socially constructed. I argue that while her account does offer key insights into the role that values play in science, her claim that science is nonetheless objective is problematic.
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  8.  47
    The Economics of Roman Elegy: Voluntary Poverty, the Recusatio, and the Greedy Girl.Sharon L. James - 2001 - American Journal of Philology 122 (2):223-253.
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  9.  17
    The Ecology of Collaborative Child Rearing: A Systems Approach to Child Care on the Kibbutz.Sharone L. Maital & Marc H. Bornstein - 2003 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 31 (2):274-306.
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  10.  5
    Twenty Years of Ovid and Literary Theory.Sharon L. James - 2015 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 108 (2):205-220.
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  11.  9
    Regional Governance and East Central Europe: The EU, NATO and the Consolidation of Democracy.Sharon L. Wolchik - 2003 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 4 (2):273-292.
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  12.  10
    String Quartet Performance as Ritual.Sharon L. Scholl - 1992 - American Journal of Semiotics 9 (1):115-129.
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  13.  61
    Collateral Damage: How High-Stakes Testing Corrupts America's Schools.Sharon L. Nichols, David C. Berliner & Nel Noddings - 2007 - Harvard Education Press.
    Drawing on their extensive research, Nichols and Berliner document and categorize the ways that high-stakes testing threatens the purposes and ideals of the American education system. For more than a decade, the debate over high-stakes testing has dominated the field of education. This passionate and provocative book provides a fresh perspective on the issue and powerful ammunition for opponents of high-stakes tests. Their analysis is grounded in the application of Campbell’s Law, which posits that the greater the social consequences associated (...)
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  14. Feminist epistemology and philosophy of science: an introduction.Sharon L. Crasnow - 2024 - New York, NY: Routledge. Edited by Kristen Intemann.
    Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science: An Introduction is structured around six questions and the answers to them that have been offered by feminist epistemologists and philosophers of science. By showing how these answers differ from those of traditional philosophical approaches, the book situates feminist work in relation to philosophy more generally. The questions are: Who knows? What do we have knowledge of? How do we know? What don't we know? Why does it matter? and How can we know better? (...)
     
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  15.  13
    Powerplay in Tibullus: Reading Elegies Book 1 (review).Sharon L. James - 2002 - American Journal of Philology 123 (2):308-312.
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  16.  28
    Philosophical Feminism and Popular Culture.Sharon L. Crasnow & Joanne Waugh (eds.) - 2012 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    The eight essays contained in Philosophical Feminism and Popular Culture explore the portrayal of women and various philosophical responses to that portrayal in contemporary post-civil rights society. The essays examine visual, print, and performance media — stand-up comedy, movies, television, and a blockbuster trilogy of novel. These philosophical feminist analyses of popular culture consider the possibilities, both positive and negative, that popular culture presents for articulating the structure of the social and cultural practices in which gender matters, and for changing (...)
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  17.  18
    of African American Women in Academe.Sharon L. Holmes - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  18.  14
    Physical stigma, interaction, and compliance.Sharon L. Soble & Lloyd H. Strickland - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (2):130-132.
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  19.  23
    A. Luisi: Il perdono negato. Ovidio e la corrente filoantoniana. (Quaderni di ‘Invigilata lucernis’ 13.) Pp. 178. Bari: Edipuglia, 2001. Paper, €15.90. ISBN: 88-7228-315-9. [REVIEW]Sharon L. James - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (1):248-249.
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  20.  70
    Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy.Anita M. Superson & Sharon L. Crasnow (eds.) - 2012 - New York, US: Oxford University Press.
    This collection showcases the work of 18 analytical feminists from a variety of traditional areas of philosophy. It highlights successful uses of concepts and approaches from traditional philosophy, and illustrates the contributions that feminist approaches have made and could make to the analysis of issues in key areas of traditional philosophy, while also demonstrating that traditional philosophy ignores feminist insights and feminist critiques of traditional philosophy at its own peril.
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  21. Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries.Valerie J. Bunce & Sharon L. Wolchik - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    From 1998 to 2005, six elections took place in postcommunist Europe that had the surprising outcome of empowering the opposition and defeating authoritarian incumbents or their designated successors. Valerie J. Bunce and Sharon L. Wolchik compare these unexpected electoral breakthroughs. They draw three conclusions. First, the opposition was victorious because of the hard and creative work of a transnational network composed of local opposition and civil society groups, members of the international democracy assistance community and graduates of successful electoral (...)
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  22.  36
    The Matter of Disability.David T. Mitchell & Sharon L. Snyder - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (4):487-492.
    By ruling out questions of impairment from the social critique of disability, Disability Studies analyses establish a limit point in the field. Of course the setting of “limits” enables possibilities in multiple directions as well as fortifies boundaries of refusal. For instance, impairment becomes in DS simultaneously a productive refusal to interpret disabled bodies as inferior to non-disabled bodies and a bar to thinking through more active engagements with disability as materiality. Disability materiality such as conditions produced by ecological toxicities (...)
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  23.  47
    Ethics and Law: Guiding the Invisible Hand to Correct Corporate Social Responsibility Externalities. [REVIEW]Paul K. Shum & Sharon L. Yam - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (4):549 - 571.
    Tokenistic short-term economic success is not good indicia of long-term success. Sustainable business success requires sustained existence in a corporation's political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental contexts. Far beyond the traditional economic focus, consumers, governments and public interest groups alike increasingly expect the business sector to take on more social and environmental responsibilities. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is the model in which economic, social and environmental responsibilities are fulfilled simultaneously. However, there is insufficient empirical evidence that demonstrates genuine widespread (...)
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  24.  17
    Biotech or Biowreck? the Implications of Jurassic Park and Genetic Engineering.Leslie D. Chapin & Sharon L. Chapin - 1994 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 14 (1):19-23.
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  25. Visual imagery, neural basis of.Sharon L. Thompson‐Schill - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
     
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  26.  27
    Suppression of play fighting by amphetamine does not depend upon peripheral catecholaminergic influences.William W. Beatty, Sharon L. Berry & Kevin B. Costello - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (5):407-410.
  27.  28
    Convergent behavioral and neuropsychological evidence for a distinction between identification and production forms of repetition priming.John De Gabrieli, Chandan J. Vaidya, Maria Stone, Wendy S. Francis, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill, Debra A. Fleischman, Jared R. Tinklenberg, Jerome A. Yesavage & Robert S. Wilson - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (4):479.
  28.  20
    Looking to Other Professions to Advance the Health Care Ethics Consultant Certification Program.Susannah Leigh Rose, Georgina Morley, Sharon L. Feldman & Jane Jankowski - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (3):21-24.
    Volume 20, Issue 3, March 2020, Page 21-24.
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  29.  52
    Categorization is modulated by transcranial direct current stimulation over left prefrontal cortex.Gary Lupyan, Daniel Mirman, Roy Hamilton & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2012 - Cognition 124 (1):36-49.
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  30.  25
    Putting lexical constraints in context into the visual-world paradigm.Jared M. Novick, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill & John C. Trueswell - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):850-903.
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  31.  22
    The Relationship of Critical Thinking to Success in College.Robert L. Williams & Stephen L. Worth - 2001 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 21 (1):5-16.
    The definition, assessment, predictive validity, demographic correlates, and promotion of critical thinking at the college level are addressed in this article. Although the definitions of critical thinking vary substantially, a common theme is the linkage of conclusions to relevant evidence. Assessment measures range from quasi-standardized instruments to informal class assessment and include both generic and subject-specific formats. Although critical thinking potentially serves both as a predictor of college success and as a criterion of suceess, its greater utility may be as (...)
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  32.  77
    Graduate students’ experiences with research ethics in conducting health research.Wendy Petillion, Sherri Melrose, Sharon L. Moore & Simon Nuttgens - 2017 - Research Ethics 13 (3-4):139-154.
    Graduate students typically first experience research ethics when they submit their masters or doctoral research projects for ethics approval. Research ethics boards in Canada review and grant ethical approval for student research projects and often have to provide additional support to these novice researchers. Previous studies have explored curriculum content, teaching approaches, and the learning environment related to research ethics for graduate students. However, research does not exist that examines students’ actual experience with the research ethics process. Qualitative description was (...)
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  33.  29
    Evaluating and extending the Informed Consent Ontology for representing permissions from the clinical domain.Elizabeth E. Umberfield, Cooper Stansbury, Kathleen Ford, Yun Jiang, Sharon L. R. Kardia, Andrea K. Thomer & Marcelline R. Harris - 2022 - Applied ontology 17 (2):321-336.
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate, revise, and extend the Informed Consent Ontology (ICO) for expressing clinical permissions, including reuse of residual clinical biospecimens and health data. This study followed a formative evaluation design and used a bottom-up modeling approach. Data were collected from the literature on US federal regulations and a study of clinical consent forms. Eleven federal regulations and fifteen permission-sentences from clinical consent forms were iteratively modeled to identify entities and their relationships, followed by community (...)
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  34.  11
    Cognitive style, cortical stimulation, and the conversion hypothesis.David J. M. Kraemer, Roy H. Hamilton, Samuel B. Messing, Jennifer H. DeSantis & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  35.  60
    Fair, just and compassionate: A pilot for making allocation decisions for patients requesting experimental drugs outside of clinical trials.Arthur L. Caplan, J. Russell Teagarden, Lisa Kearns, Alison S. Bateman-House, Edith Mitchell, Thalia Arawi, Ross Upshur, Ilina Singh, Joanna Rozynska, Valerie Cwik & Sharon L. Gardner - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (11):761-767.
    Patients have received experimental pharmaceuticals outside of clinical trials for decades. There are no industry-wide best practices, and many companies that have granted compassionate use, or ‘preapproval’, access to their investigational products have done so without fanfare and without divulging the process or grounds on which decisions were made. The number of compassionate use requests has increased over time. Driving the demand are new treatments for serious unmet medical needs; patient advocacy groups pressing for access to emerging treatments; internet platforms (...)
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  36.  23
    A Taxonomy and an Ethicist’s Toolbox: Mapping a Plurality of Normative Approaches.Paul J. Ford, Douglas O. Stewart, Joseph P. DeMarco & Sharon L. Feldman - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):78-80.
    Volume 19, Issue 11, November 2019, Page 78-80.
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  37.  13
    Informational connectivity: identifying synchronized discriminability of multi-voxel patterns across the brain.Marc N. Coutanche & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  38.  14
    Answering the Call for Standardized Reporting of Clinical Ethics Consultation Data.Paul J. Ford, Jane Jankowski, Joshua S. Crites, Sundus H. Riaz & Sharon L. Feldman - 2020 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 31 (2):173-177.
    Benchmarks against which healthcare ethics consultation (HCEC) services can assess their performance are needed. As first-generation benchmarks continue to be developed, it is the obligation of the field to continually evaluate how these measures reflect the performance of any single HCEC service. This will be possible only with widespread reporting of standardized data points. In their article in this issue of The Journal of Clinical Ethics, Glover and colleagues provide a valuable preliminary approach for assessing appropriate consult volumes for a (...)
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  39.  19
    Constructing complex social categories under uncertainty.Alice Xia, Sarah H. Solomon, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill & Adrianna C. Jenkins - 2023 - Cognition 234 (C):105363.
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  40. The Other Side of Cognitive Control: Can a Lack of Cognitive Control Benefit Language and Cognition?Evangelia G. Chrysikou, Jared M. Novick, John C. Trueswell & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):253-256.
    Cognitive control refers to the regulation of mental activity to support flexible cognition across different domains. Cragg and Nation (2010) propose that the development of cognitive control in children parallels the development of language abilities, particularly inner speech. We suggest that children’s late development of cognitive control also mirrors their limited ability to revise misinterpretations of sentence meaning. Moreover, we argue that for certain tasks, a tradeoff between bottom-up (data-driven) and top-down (rule-based) thinking may actually benefit performance in both children (...)
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  41.  14
    Phonological similarity affects production of gestures, even in the absence of overt speech.Nazbanou Nozari, Tilbe Göksun, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill & Anjan Chatterjee - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  42.  14
    Incidental binding between predictive relations.Anna Leshinskaya, Mira Bajaj & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2020 - Cognition 199 (C):104238.
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  43.  26
    The Role of Frontostriatal Systems in Instructed Reinforcement Learning: Evidence From Genetic and Experimentally-Induced Variation.Nathan Tardiff, Kathryn N. Graves & Sharon L. Thompson-Schill - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  44.  47
    Hard driven but not dishonest: Cheating and the Type A personality.Matthew T. Huss, John P. Curnyn, Sharon L. Roberts, Stephen F. Davis, Lonnie Yandell & Peter Giordano - 1993 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (5):429-430.
  45. Mechanisms of conflict resolution in prefrontal cortex.John Jonides, David Badre, Clayton Curtis, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill & Edward E. Smith - 2002 - In Donald T. Stuss & Robert T. Knight (eds.), Principles of Frontal Lobe Function. Oxford University Press.
  46. Mechanisms of Conflict Resolution in Prefrontal Cortex.John Jonides, Clayton Curtis, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill, David Badre & Edward E. Smith - 2002 - In Donald T. Stuss & Robert T. Knight (eds.), Principles of Frontal Lobe Function. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter discusses the psychological process of selectively attending to one source of information to the exclusion of others. In a meta-analysis, it reviews different tasks used to study selective attention, under the construct of conflict resolution, as assessed with functional imaging techniques. Both the anterior cingulate cortex and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex are involved in some aspect of conflict resolution, which is likely related to different mechanisms. The theme of heterogeneity of function is reflected in these results.
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  47.  81
    A Bayesian framework for word segmentation: Exploring the effects of context.Sharon Goldwater, Thomas L. Griffiths & Mark Johnson - 2009 - Cognition 112 (1):21-54.
  48.  22
    The media ethics classroom and learning to minimize harm.Sharon Logsdon Yoder & Glen L. Bleske - 1997 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 12 (4):227 – 242.
    On e recent change in the Society of Professional journalists Code of Ethics emphasizes that journalists should consider minimizing harm to society. This emphnsis follows more than a decade of thinking by educators who have called for teaching journalism students moral philosophy and moral reasoning decision making models-models that generally examine potential harm that surrounds newsroom decisions. This study, a quasi-experiment, examines pretest and posttest results of 210 students in 9 sections of n mass media ethics class taught over 6 (...)
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  49.  2
    Modern Threats to Confidentiality.Sharon Ort & Jennifer L. Kelsey - 1981 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 3 (3):11.
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  50.  17
    Elmali Karataş, II: The Early Bronze Age Village of KarataşElmali Karatas, II: The Early Bronze Age Village of Karatas.Sharon R. Steadman & Jayne L. Warner - 1998 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 118 (1):80.
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