Results for 'Sharon Thomsen'

999 found
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  1.  21
    Death, Dissection and the Destitute (Review).Sharon Thomsen - 2003 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (2):312-314.
  2.  31
    Book Symposium on Human Nature in an Age of Biotechnology: The Case for Mediated Posthumanism By Tamar Sharon Springer, Dordrecht, 2014.Inmaculada de Melo-Martín, Michael Hauskeller, Sandra Braman, Xavier Guchet & Tamar Sharon - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (4):581-599.
  3.  23
    Poor Saint: An Island Tale.Alexandros Papadiamandis & Avi Sharon - 2008 - Arion 15 (3):103-122.
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  4.  22
    A Crusade For the Humanities: From the Letters of Cardinal Bessarion.Avi Sharon - 2011 - Arion 19 (2):163-166.
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  5.  24
    The Line of the Horizon (Selected Scenes).Christos Vakalopoulos & Avi Sharon - 2010 - Arion 18 (1):101-118.
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  6. Stealing Bread and Sleeping Beneath Bridges - Indirect Discrimination as Disadvantageous Equal Treatment.Frej Klem Thomsen - 2015 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 2 (2):299-327.
    The article analyses the concept of indirect discrimination, arguing first that existing conceptualisations are unsatisfactory and second that it is best understood as equal treatment that is disadvantageous to the discriminatees because of their group-membership. I explore four ways of further refining the definition, arguing that only an added condition of moral wrongness is at once plausible and helpful, but that it entails a number of new problems that may outweigh its benefits. Finally, I suggest that the moral wrongness of (...)
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  7.  64
    Self-Tracking for Health and the Quantified Self: Re-Articulating Autonomy, Solidarity, and Authenticity in an Age of Personalized Healthcare.Tamar Sharon - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (1):93-121.
    Self-tracking devices point to a future in which individuals will be more involved in the management of their health and will generate data that will benefit clinical decision making and research. They have thus attracted enthusiasm from medical and public health professionals as key players in the move toward participatory and personalized healthcare. Critics, however, have begun to articulate a number of broader societal and ethical concerns regarding self-tracking, foregrounding their disciplining, and disempowering effects. This paper has two aims: first, (...)
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  8. Prostitution, Disability and Prohibition.Frej Klem Thomsen - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (6):451-459.
    Criminalisation of prostitution, and minority rights for disabled persons, are important contemporary political issues. The article examines their intersection by analysing the conditions and arguments for making a legal exception for disabled persons to a general prohibition against purchasing sexual services. It explores the badness of prostitution, focusing on and discussing the argument that prostitution harms prostitutes, considers forms of regulation and the arguments for and against with emphasis on a liberty-based objection to prohibition, and finally presents and analyses three (...)
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  9. Epistemic Closure Under Deductive Inference: What is It and Can We Afford It?Assaf Sharon & Levi Spectre - 2013 - Synthese 190 (14):2731-2748.
    The idea that knowledge can be extended by inference from what is known seems highly plausible. Yet, as shown by familiar preface paradox and lottery-type cases, the possibility of aggregating uncertainty casts doubt on its tenability. We show that these considerations go much further than previously recognized and significantly restrict the kinds of closure ordinary theories of knowledge can endorse. Meeting the challenge of uncertainty aggregation requires either the restriction of knowledge-extending inferences to single premises, or eliminating epistemic uncertainty in (...)
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  10.  21
    Vicarious Memories.David B. Pillemer, Kristina L. Steiner, Kie J. Kuwabara, Dorthe Kirkegaard Thomsen & Connie Svob - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:233-245.
  11. But Some Groups Are More Equal Than Others: A Critical Review of the Group-Criterion in the Concept of Discrimination.Frej Klem Thomsen - 2013 - Social Theory and Practice 39 (1):120-146.
    In this article I critically examine a standard feature in conceptions of discrimination: the group-criterion, specifically the idea that there is a limited and definablegroup of traits that can form the basis of discrimination. I review two types of argument for the criterion. One focuses on inherently relevant groups and relies ultimately on luck-egalitarian principles; the other focuses on contextually relevant groups and relies ultimately on the badness of outcomes. I conclude that as neither type of argument is convincing, the (...)
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  12. Dogmatism Repuzzled.Assaf Sharon & Levi Spectre - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (2):307 - 321.
    Harman and Lewis credit Kripke with having formulated a puzzle that seems to show that knowledge entails dogmatism. The puzzle is widely regarded as having been solved. In this paper we argue that this standard solution, in its various versions, addresses only a limited aspect of the puzzle and holds no promise of fully resolving it. Analyzing this failure and the proper rendering of the puzzle, it is suggested that it poses a significant challenge for the defense of epistemic closure.
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  13.  12
    Resistance to Change in the Corporate Elite: Female Directors’ Appointments Onto Nordic Boards.Aleksandra Gregorič, Lars Oxelheim, Trond Randøy & Steen Thomsen - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (2):267-287.
    In this empirical study, we investigate the variation in firms’ response to institutional pressure for gender-balanced boards, focusing specifically on the preservation of prevailing practices of director selection and its impact on the representation of women on the board of directors. Using 8 years of data from publicly listed Nordic corporations, we show societal pressure to be one of the determinants of female directorship. Moreover, in some corporations, the director selection process may work to maintain “a traditional type of board”. (...)
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  14. Mr. Magoo’s Mistake.Assaf Sharon & Levi Spectre - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 139 (2):289-306.
    Timothy Williamson has famously argued that the principle should be rejected. We analyze Williamson's argument and show that its key premise is ambiguous, and that when it is properly stated this premise no longer supports the argument against. After canvassing possible objections to our argument, we reflect upon some conclusions that suggest significant epistemological ramifications pertaining to the acquisition of knowledge from prior knowledge by deduction.
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  15.  62
    Investigating CSR Communication in SMEs: A Case Study Among Danish Middle Managers.Anne Ellerup Nielsen & Christa Thomsen - 2009 - Business Ethics 18 (1):83-93.
    This paper seeks to analyse small- and medium-sized enterprise (SME) managers' representations of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and CSR communication in a corporate communication perspective. The basic question is: how strategic is CSR communication in SMEs? Corporate communication and CSR theories are used to establish an ideal typology of CSR concepts informing an analysis of qualitative data in the form of interviews with three middle managers in two Danish SMEs. A CSR communication model published earlier by the authors is challenged (...)
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  16.  18
    Measuring Anhedonia: Impaired Ability to Pursue, Experience, and Learn About Reward.Kristine Rømer Thomsen - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  17.  7
    Investigating CSR Communication in SMEs: A Case Study Among Danish Middle Managers.Anne Ellerup Nielsen & Christa Thomsen - 2009 - Business Ethics: A European Review 18 (1):83-93.
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  18. Why Should We Care What the Public Thinks? A Critical Assessment of the Claims of Popular Punishment.Frej Klem Thomsen - 2014 - In Jesper Ryberg & Julian Roberts (eds.), Popular Punishment. Oxford University Press. pp. 119-145.
    The article analyses the necessary conditions an argument for popular punishment would need to meet, and argues that it faces the challenge of a dilemma of reasonableness: either popular views on punishment are unreasonable, in which case they should carry no weight, or they are reasonable, in which case the reasons that support them, not the views, should carry weight. It proceeds to present and critically discuss three potential solutions to the dilemma, arguing that only an argument for the beneficial (...)
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  19. Public Sector CSR Communication: A Dialogical Approach.Christa Thomsen - 2007 - Hermes 38:41-64.
     
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  20. The Art of the Unseen: Three Challenges for Racial Profiling.Frej Klem Thomsen - 2011 - The Journal of Ethics 15 (1-2):89 - 117.
    This article analyses the moral status of racial profiling from a consequentialist perspective and argues that, contrary to what proponents of racial profiling might assume, there is a prima facie case against racial profiling on consequentialist grounds. To do so it establishes general definitions of police practices and profiling, sketches out the costs and benefits involved in racial profiling in particular and presents three challenges. The foundation challenge suggests that the shifting of burdens onto marginalized minorities may, even when profiling (...)
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  21.  9
    Personal Memories for Remote Historical Events: Accuracy and Clarity of Flashbulb Memories Related to World War II.Dorthe Berntsen & Dorthe K. Thomsen - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (2):242-257.
  22. Ontological Support for Living Plan Specification, Execution and Evaluation.Erik Thomsen, Fred Read, William Duncan, Tatiana Malyuta & Barry Smith - 2014 - In Semantic Technology in Intelligence, Defense and Security (STIDS), CEUR vol. 1304. pp. 10-17.
    Maintaining systems of military plans is critical for military effectiveness, but is also challenging. Plans will become obsolete as the world diverges from the assumptions on which they rest. If too many ad hoc changes are made to intermeshed plans, the ensemble may no longer lead to well-synchronized and coordinated operations, resulting in the system of plans becoming itself incoherent. We describe in what follows an Adaptive Planning process that we are developing on behalf of the Air Force Research Laboratory (...)
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  23.  8
    A 3.5year Diary Study: Remembering and Life Story Importance Are Predicted by Different Event Characteristics.Dorthe Kirkegaard Thomsen, Thomas Jensen, Tine Holm, Martin Hammershøj Olesen, Anette Schnieber & Jan Tønnesvang - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:180-195.
  24.  18
    What Characterizes Life Story Memories? A Diary Study of Freshmen’s First Term.Dorthe Kirkegaard Thomsen, Martin Hammershøj Olesen, Anette Schnieber, Thomas Jensen & Jan Tønnesvang - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):366-382.
    We investigated whether memories are selected for the life story based on event characteristics. Sixty-one students completed weekly diaries over their first term at university. They described, dated and rated two events each week. Three months after the end of the term they completed an unexpected memory test. They recalled three memories from the diary period that were important to their life story. Three randomly selected events scoring low on importance to the life story functioned as control memories. Life story (...)
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  25. There but for the Grace of My Orbitofrontal Cortex …. [REVIEW]Frej Klem Thomsen - 2014 - Criminal Justice Ethics 33 (3):220-235.
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  26.  16
    The Emotional Content of Life Stories: Positivity Bias and Relation to Personality.Dorthe Kirkegaard Thomsen, Martin Hammershøj Olesen, Anette Schnieber & Jan Tønnesvang - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (2):260-277.
  27.  29
    A Course Treating Ethical Issues in Physics.Marshall Thomsen - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):117-127.
    A course focusing on ethical issues in physics has been taught to undergraduate students at Eastern Michigan University since 1988. The course covers both responsible conduct of research and ethical issues associated with how physicists interact with the rest of society. Since most undergraduate physics majors will not have a career in academia, it is important that a course such as this address issues that will be relevant to physicists in a wide range of job situations. There is a wealth (...)
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  28.  28
    I Think Therefore I Am: Rest-Related Prefrontal Cortex Neural Activity is Involved in Generating the Sense of Self.M. Gruberger, Y. Levkovitz, T. Hendler, E. V. Harel, H. Harari, E. Ben Simon, H. Sharon & A. Zangen - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:414-421.
  29.  41
    Two Concepts of Authenticity.Lisa Heldke & Jens Thomsen - 2014 - Social Philosophy Today 30:79-94.
    This paper explores two apparently-unrelated forms of authenticity. One, “restaurant authenticity,” is a subcategory of the larger category of authentic objects, focused specifically on food and especially on ethnic cuisines. “Personal authenticity” refers to a set of traits or qualities in oneself. Contrary to appearances, I argue that the two forms of authenticity intertwine in ways that merit thoughtful attentiveness. I suggest that approaching the question of the authenticity of a cuisine with an attitude of flexibility and responsiveness can, in (...)
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  30.  20
    The Post‐Raciality and Post‐Spatiality of Calls for LGBTQ and Disability Visibility.Carly Thomsen - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (1):149-166.
    In this article, I consider the ideologies that emerge when disability and LGBTQ rights advocates' ubiquitous calls for visibility collide. I argue that contemporary visibility politics encourage the production of post-racial and post-spatial ideologies. In demanding visibility, disability and LGBTQ rights advocates ignore, ironically, visible markers of difference and assume that being “out, loud, and proud” is desirable trans-geographically. I bring together disability studies and queer rural studies—fields that have engaged in remarkably little dialogue—to analyze activist calls for LGBTQ and (...)
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  31.  7
    Stem Cell Tourism and The Role of Health Professional Organizations.G. K. D. Crozier & Kyle Thomsen - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (5):36-38.
  32.  39
    Book Symposium on Homo Sapiens Technologicus: Philosophie de la Technologie Contemporaine, Philosophie de la Sagesse Contemporaine. [REVIEW]Gert Goeminne, Tamar Sharon, Yoni Van Den Eede, Bregham Dalgliesh & Michel Puech (eds.) - 2013 - Philosophy and Technology, Springer.
    Experimentation in Technological Wisdom: Can the Political be Kept off the Practice Ground?Gert GoeminneCentre Leo Apostel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, BelgiumCentre for Sustainable Development, Ghent University, Belgiume-mail: gert.goeminne@vub.ac.beA Welcome VoiceI met Michel Puech for the first time in 2008 at a workshop entitled ‘Artificial Environments.’ In an interdisciplinary Science and Technology Studies spirit, this 2-day event at Roskilde University gathered philosophers and sociologists of science and technology, as well as architecture theorists. Being rather new to the STS-field at that point, I (...)
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  33.  30
    The Effectiveness of the Erratum in Avoiding Error Propagation in Physics.Marshall Thomsen & D. Resnik - 1995 - Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (3):231-240.
    The propagation of errors in physics research is studied, with particular attention being paid to the effectiveness of the erratum in avoiding error propagation. We study the citation history of 17 physics papers which have significant errata associated with them. It would appear that the existence of an erratum does not significantly decrease the frequency with which a paper is cited and in most cases the erratum isnot cited along with the original paper. The authors comment on implications for the (...)
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  34.  56
    Consciousness for the Ouroboros Model.Knud Thomsen - 2011 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 3 (01):163-175.
    The Ouroboros Model features a biologically inspired cognitive architecture. At its core lies a self-referential recursive process with alternating phases of data acquisition and evaluation. Memory entries are organized in schemata. The activation at a time of part of a schema biases the whole structure and, in particular, missing features, thus triggering expectations. An iterative recursive monitor process termed "consumption analysis" is then checking how well such expectations fit with successive activations. Mismatches between anticipations based on previous experience and actual (...)
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  35.  49
    Practicing the Business of Corporate Social Responsibility: A Process Perspective.Christa Thomsen & Jakob Lauring - 2008 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 4 (2):117.
    The practice of corporate social responsibility has often been described as a balance of profitability and social or societal responsibility by scholars as well as practitioners. It is assumed that regulations and guidelines of CSR practices link competitiveness and responsibility together. While recognising that formal CSR statements represent a goal-oriented managerial approach to CSR, we argue based on the description of a qualitative case study that the relationship between profitability and social or societal responsibility is not as clear and simple (...)
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  36. Museum Philosophy for the Twenty-First Century.Robert R. Archibald, Patrick J. Boylan, David Carr, Christy S. Coleman, Helen Coxall, Chuck Dailey, Jennifer Eichstedt, Hilde Hein, Eilean Hooper-Greenhill, Lesley Lewis, Timothy W. Luke, Didier Maleuvre, Suma Mallavarapu, Terry L. Maple, Michael A. Mares, Jennifer L. Martin, Jean-Paul Martinon, Scott G. Paris, Jeffrey H. Patchen, Marilyn E. Phelan, Donald Preziosi, Franklin W. Robinson, Douglas Sharon & Sherene Suchy - 2006 - Altamira Press.
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  37.  49
    Introduction to Barrington Moore Symposium.Zukin Sharon - 1980 - Theory and Society 9 (5):721-722.
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  38.  47
    Should Physics Students Take a Course in Ethics?—Physicists Respond.Marshall Thomsen - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (4):473-486.
    A survey was conducted of a subset of the physics community in order to gain insight into attitudes towards integrating ethics into the physics curriculum. The results indicated significant support among some groups for such an integration yet also revealed significant barriers to this process. Respondents were also asked to suggest topics which should be covered under the heading of ethical issues in physics. The great variety of results indicates both that there are many issues worth investigating and that many (...)
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  39.  27
    Ethical Aspects of Clinical Decision-Making.I. Kollemorten, C. Strandberg, B. M. Thomsen, O. Wiberg, T. Windfeld-Schmidt, V. Binder, L. Elsborg, C. Hendriksen, E. Kristensen, J. R. Madsen, M. K. Rasmussen, L. Willumsen, H. R. Wulff & P. Riis - 1981 - Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (2):67-69.
    The aim of the present investigation was to describe and to classify significant ethical problems encountered by the members of the staff during the daily clinical work at a hospital medical department. A set of definitions was prepared for the purpose, including the definition of a 'significant ethical problem'. During a three month period 426 inpatients and 173 outpatients were admitted. Significant ethical problems were encountered during the management of 106 in-patients (25 per cent) and 9 out-patients (5 per cent). (...)
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  40.  7
    The Origin of Ostracism: A Synthesis.B. McM Caven & R. Thomsen - 1975 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 95:243-244.
  41.  40
    'Who is Responsible for This Patient?': A Case Study Analysis of Conflicting Interests Between Patient, Family and Doctor in a Singaporean Context.Low Yin Yee Sharon - 2011 - Asian Bioethics Review 3 (3):261-271.
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  42.  27
    Towards a Phenomenology of Technologically Mediated Moral Change: Or, What Could Mark Zuckerberg Learn From Caregivers in the Southern Netherlands?Tamar Sharon - 2017 - Foundations of Science 22 (2):425-428.
    Kamphof offers an illuminating depiction of the technological mediation of morality. Her case serves as the basis for a plea for modesty up and against the somewhat heroic conceptualizations of techno-moral change to date—less logos, less autos, more practice, more relationality. Rather than a displacement of these conceptualizations, I question whether Kamphof’s art of living offers only a different perspective: in scale, and in unit of analysis. As a supplement and not an alternative, this modest art has nonetheless audacious implications (...)
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  43.  27
    The Child with a Brain Tumour: Vulnerability Perspectives From Neurosurgery.Low Yin Yee Sharon & Seow Wan Tew - 2015 - Asian Bioethics Review 7 (2):250-256.
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  44.  22
    The Role of the Left Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex in Online Sentence Processing.Nozari Nazbanou, Mirman Daniel & Thompson-Schill Sharon - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  45.  20
    Semantic Feature Verification: Adults with Stroke-Aphasia and Neurologically-Healthy Adults.Antonucci Sharon - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  46.  28
    The Significance of Teeth in Pollution Detection.I. M. Sharon - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (1):124-131.
  47.  27
    The Missing Link.Tamar Sharon - 2013 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 75 (1):121-145.
  48.  24
    Touching Words: Finding Tradition Through Translation Among Seferis, Eliot, and Keats.Avi Sharon - 2004 - Arion 11 (3):47-82.
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  49.  28
    Peru's Amazonian Imaginary.María Teresa Grillo & Tucker Sharon - 2012 - In Alex Latta & Hannah Wittman (eds.), Environment and Citizenship in Latin America: Natures, Subjects and Struggles. Berghahn Books. pp. 112.
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  50.  20
    Genome Editing and Dialogic Responsibility: “What's in a Name?”.Alessandro Blasimme, Ignacio Anegon, Jean-Paul Concordet, John De Vos, Anne Dubart-Kupperschmitt, Marc Fellous, Pierre Fouchet, Nelly Frydman, Carine Giovannangeli, Pierre Jouannet, Jean-Loius Serre, Julie Steffann, Emmanuelle Rial-Sebbag, Mogens Thomsen & Anne Cambon-Thomsen - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):54-57.
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