Results for 'Shawn Winsor'

290 found
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  1.  29
    What Is “NIPT”? Divergent Characterizations of Noninvasive Prenatal Testing Strategies.Meredith Vanstone, Karima Yacoub, Shawn Winsor, Mita Giacomini & Jeff Nisker - 2015 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 6 (1):54-67.
  2.  6
    Thinking Outside the Black Box: What Policy Theory Can Offer Healthcare Ethicists.Shawn Winsor & Mita Giacomini - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):16-18.
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  3.  59
    The Creation of the Essentialism Story: An Exercise in Metahistory.Mary P. Winsor - 2006 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (2):149 - 174.
    The essentialism story is a version of the history of biological classification that was fabricated between 1953 and 1968 by Ernst Mayr, who combined contributions from Arthur Cain and David Hull with his own grudge against Plato. It portrays pre-Darwinian taxonomists as caught in the grip of an ancient philosophy called essentialism, from which they were not released until Charles Darwin's 1859 Origin of Species. Mayr's motive was to promote the Modern Synthesis in opposition to the typology of idealist morphologists; (...)
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  4.  87
    Non-Essentialist Methods in Pre-Darwinian Taxonomy.Mary P. Winsor - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (3):387-400.
    The current widespread belief that taxonomic methods used before Darwin were essentialist is ill-founded. The essentialist method developed by followers of Plato and Aristotle required definitions to state properties that are always present. Polythetic groups do not obey that requirement, whatever may have been the ontological beliefs of the taxonomist recognizing such groups. Two distinct methods of forming higher taxa, by chaining and by examplar, were widely used in the period between Linnaeus and Darwin, and both generated polythetic groups. Philosopher (...)
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  5.  23
    Linaeus' Biology Was Not Essentialist.Mary P. Winsor - 2006 - Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 93 (1):2-7.
    The current picture of the history of taxonomy incorporates A. J. Cain's claim that Linnaeus strove to apply the logical method of definition taught by medieval followers of Aristotle. Cain's argument does not stand up to critical examination. Contrary to some published statements, there is no evidence that Linnaeus ever studied logic. His use of the words “genus” and “species” ruined the meaning they had in logic, and “essential” meant to him merely “taxonomically useful.” The essentialism story, a narrative that (...)
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  6.  44
    Cain on Linnaeus: The Scientist-Historian as Unanalysed Entity.Mary P. Winsor - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 32 (2):239-254.
    Zoologist A. J. Cain began historical research on Linnaeus in 1956 in connection with his dissatisfaction over the standard taxonomic hierarchy and the rules of binomial nomenclature. His famous 1958 paper ‘Logic and Memory in Linnaeus's System of Taxonomy’ argues that Linnaeus was following Aristotle's method of logical division without appreciating that it properly applies only to ‘analysed entities’ such as geometric figures whose essential nature is already fully known. The essence of living things being unanalysed, there is no basis (...)
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  7.  47
    The Practitioner of Science: Everyone Her Own Historian. [REVIEW]Mary P. Winsor - 2001 - Journal of the History of Biology 34 (2):229-245.
    Carl Becker's classic 1931 address "Everyman his own historian" holds lessons for historians of science today. Like the professional historians he spoke to, we are content to display the Ivory- Tower Syndrome, writing scholarly treatises only for one another, disdaining both the general reader and our natural readership, scientists. Following his rhetoric, I argue that scientists are well aware of their own historicity, and would be interested in lively and balanced histories of science. It is ironic that the very professionalism (...)
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  8.  69
    The English Debate on Taxonomy and Phylogeny, 1937-1940.Mary Pickard Winsor - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (2):227 - 252.
    Between 1937 and 1940 the Taxonomic Principles Committee of the newly-founded Association for the Study of Systematics in Relation to General Biology (later the Systematics Association) attempted to define the relationship between evolution and taxonomy. The people who took part in the discussion were W.T. Calman, C.R.P. Diver, J.S.L. Gilmour, J.S. Huxley, W.D. Lang, J.R. Norman, R. Melville, O.W. Richards, M.A. Smith, T.A. Sprague, H. Hamshaw Thomas, W.B. Turrill, B.P. Uvarov, A.F. Watkins, E.I. White, and A.J. Wilmott. Most of the (...)
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  9.  42
    Species, Demes, and the Omega Taxonomy: Gilmour and the Newsystematics. [REVIEW]Mary Pickard Winsor - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (3):349-388.
    The word ``deme'' was coined by the botanists J.S.L. Gilmour and J.W.Gregor in 1939, following the pattern of J.S. Huxley's ``cline''. Its purposewas not only to rationalize the plethora of terms describing chromosomaland genetic variation, but also to reduce hostility between traditionaltaxonomists and researchers on evolution, who sometimes scorned eachother's understanding of species. A multi-layered system of compoundterms based on deme was published by Gilmour and J. Heslop-Harrison in1954 but not widely used. Deme was adopted with a modified meaning byzoologists (...)
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  10.  33
    The Hunt–Vitell General Theoryof Marketing Ethics: Can It Enhance Our Understanding of Principal-Agent Relationships in Channels of Distribution? [REVIEW]Leslie J. Vermillion, Walfried M. Lassar & Robert D. Winsor - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 41 (3):267 - 285.
    This paper advances the Hunt–Vitell General Theory of Marketing Ethics as a framework for enriching current understanding of both long-term marketing relationships in general, and principal-agent associations specifically. Under economic models of agency theory, manufacturer-distributor relationships are conceptualized as principal-agent associations where both parties are assumed be motivated exclusively by short-term financial self-interest within the logical constraints of zero-sum game conditions. As a general model of ethical decision making and behavior in marketing, the Hunt–Vitell theory illustrates how ethical decisions are (...)
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  11.  9
    Cain on Linnaeus: The Scientist-Historian as Unanalysed Entity.Mary P. Winsor - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 32 (2):239-254.
  12. Starfish, Jellyfish, and the Order of Life: Issues of Nineteenth-Century Science.Mary P. Winsor - 1978 - Journal of the History of Biology 11 (1):219-220.
  13. Reading the Shape of Nature: Comparative Zoology at the Agassiz Museum.Mary P. Winsor & Ronald Rainger - 1995 - Journal of the History of Biology 28 (1):151-166.
     
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  14. Reading the Shape of Nature Comparative Zoology at the Agassiz Museum.Mary P. Winsor - 1991
     
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  15.  10
    Eloge: Ernst Mayr, 1904–2005.Mary P. Winsor - 2005 - Isis 96 (3):415-418.
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  16.  7
    Eloge: Ernst Mayr, 1904–2005.Mary Winsor - 2005 - Isis 96:415-418.
  17.  13
    J. B. S. Haldane's Darwinism In Its Religious Context.Gordon McOuat & Mary P. Winsor - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Science 28 (2):227-231.
    Early in this century, only a few biologists accepted that natural selection was the chief cause of evolution, until the independent calculations of John Burdon Sanderson Haldane , Sewall Wright and R. A. Fisher demonstrated that ideal populations subject to Mendel's laws could behave as Darwin had said they would. Evolutionary theorist John Maynard Smith, a student of Haldane's, has raised the question of why Haldane, who was no naturalist, took up the subject of evolution, and he suggests that the (...)
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  18. The URJCO Model of Stakeholder Management: A Practical Approach to Business Ethics.M. Bandsuch & R. Winsor - 2005 - In Sheb L. True, Linda Ferrell & O. C. Ferrell (eds.), Fulfilling Our Obligation: Perspectives on Teaching Business Ethics. Kennesaw State University.
     
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  19.  10
    America DancingThe Sacred DanceEvery Little Movement, a Book About Francois DelsarteThe Thinking Body, a Study of the Balancing Forces of Dynamic Man.Juana de Laban, John Martin, W. O. E. Oesterley, Ted Shawn & Mabel Elsworth Todd - 1969 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 28 (1):112.
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  20.  29
    The J. H. B. Bookshelf.Ronald Rainger, Joy Harvey, Mary P. Winsor, Joe Cain & Keith R. Benson - 1997 - Journal of the History of Biology 30 (2):303-315.
  21.  16
    The Joint Atlantic Seminar in History of Biology.Mary Winsor & Leonard Wilson - 1999 - Isis 90 (S2):S219-S225.
  22.  15
    What is the Relevance of Boyer & Lienard's Model for Psychosocial Treatments?D. Huppert Jonathan & P. Cahill Shawn - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):621.
    Boyer & Lienard's (B&L's) model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) rituals does not completely conform to our clinical experience with patients, and the clinical implications of their model is not described by the authors. We discuss potential differences of opinion regarding both the nature of OCD and the mechanisms involved in the maintenance of symptoms, and how emotional processing theories can account for treatment effects. (Published Online February 8 2007).
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  23.  15
    America Dancing.John Martin, W. O. E. Oesterley, Ted Shawn & Mabel Elsworth Todd - 1969 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 28 (1):112-113.
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  24.  13
    The Expansion of American Biology by Keith R. Benson; Jane Maienschein; Ronald Rainger. [REVIEW]Mary Winsor - 1993 - Isis 84:408-408.
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  25.  9
    A Study of the Development of Tolerance for Caffeinated Beverages.A. L. Winsor & E. I. Strongin - 1933 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (5):725.
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  26.  8
    Andrew Hamilton . The Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics. Viii + 311 Pp., Illus., Bibls., Index. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013. $65. [REVIEW]Mary P. Winsor - 2015 - Isis 106 (4):982-983.
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  27.  9
    The Relationship of Certain Organic Factors to Individual Differences in Human Parotid Secretory Rate.B. Korchin & A. L. Winsor - 1940 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (2):192-194.
  28.  9
    The Effect of Different Types of Stimulation Upon the pH of Human Parotid Secretion.A. L. Winsor & B. Korchin - 1938 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 23 (1):62.
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  29.  7
    The Spontaneous Generation Controversy From Descartes to OparinJohn Farley.Mary P. Winsor - 1980 - Isis 71 (1):163-164.
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  30.  8
    The Development of Tolerance for Cigarettes.A. L. Winsor & S. J. Richards - 1935 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (1):113.
  31.  9
    Web of Nature: Martin Lister , the First Arachnologist. [REVIEW]Mary Winsor - 2014 - Isis 105 (2):442-443.
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  32.  6
    Anna Marie Roos. Web of Nature: Martin Lister , the First Arachnologist. Xx + 478 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Leiden/Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2011. $177. [REVIEW]Mary Pickard Winsor - 2014 - Isis 105 (2):442-443.
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  33.  7
    Factors Which Indirectly Affect Parotid Secretion.A. L. Winsor - 1930 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 13 (5):423.
  34.  8
    A Brilliant New Look at Evolution and Creationism.Dawson Shawn - 2003 - Free Inquiry 23 (2):65.
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  35.  6
    The Philosophical Naturalists: Themes in Early Nineteenth-Century British Biology by Philip R. Rehbock. [REVIEW]Mary Winsor - 1985 - Isis 76:252-253.
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  36.  6
    The Spontaneous Generation Controversy From Descartes to Oparin by John Farley. [REVIEW]Mary Winsor - 1980 - Isis 71:163-164.
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  37.  5
    Glandular Dominance in Humans.B. Korchin & A. L. Winsor - 1940 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (2):184-191.
  38.  5
    The Effect of Alcohol on the Rate of Parotid Secretion.A. L. Winsor & E. I. Strongin - 1933 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (4):589.
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  39.  2
    Dance We MustThe New Ballet, Kurt Jooss and His Work.Lynn D. Poole, Ted Shawn, A. V. Coton & Kurt Jooss - 1947 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 6 (2):191.
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  40.  5
    Conditions Affecting Human Parotid Secretion.A. L. Winsor - 1928 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (5):355.
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  41.  4
    Some Quantitative Characteristics of Parotid Secretions.A. L. Winsor - 1931 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 14 (3):242.
  42.  3
    Experimental Extinction and Negative Adaptation.A. L. Winsor - 1930 - Psychological Review 37 (2):174-178.
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  43.  1
    Hypermestra’s Querela_: Coopting the Danaids in Horace _Ode 3.11 and in Augustan Rome.Eleanor Winsor - 2008 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 102 (1):13-32.
  44. The Urjco Model of Stakeholder Management : A Practical Approach to Teaching and Implementing Business Ethics.Mark R. Bandsuch & Robert D. Winsor - 2005 - In Sheb L. True, Linda Ferrell & O. C. Ferrell (eds.), Fulfilling Our Obligation: Perspectives on Teaching Business Ethics. Kennesaw State University.
     
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  45. Inhibition and Learning.A. L. Winsor - 1929 - Psychological Review 36 (5):389-401.
  46. Observations on the Nature and Mechanism of Secretory Inhibition.A. L. Winsor - 1930 - Psychological Review 37 (5):399-411.
  47. The Art of Behaviour.Frederick Winsor - 1932 - New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
     
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  48.  95
    Pre-Darwinian Taxonomy and Essentialism – a Reply to Mary Winsor.David N. Stamos - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):79-96.
    Mary Winsor (2003) argues against the received view that pre-Darwinian taxonomy was characterized mainly by essentialism. She argues, instead, that the methods of pre-Darwinian taxonomists, in spite of whatever their beliefs, were that of clusterists, so that the received view, propagated mainly by certain modern biologists and philosophers of biology, should at last be put to rest as a myth. I argue that shes right when it comes to higher taxa, but wrong when it comes the most important category (...)
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  49.  6
    Die Auseinandersetzung with Heidegger’s Phenomenological Ontology: A Heideggerian Account of the Film Experience: Phenomenology of Film: A Heideggerian Account of the Film Experience, by Shawn Loht, Lexington Books, Lanham, Maryland, 2017, 220 Pp., Cloth, $95, ISBN-13: 978-1498519021.James M. Magrini - 2019 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 11 (3):281-291.
    ABSTRACTThis review essay of Shawn Loht’s new book, Phenomenology of Film: A Heideggerian Account of the Film Experience, not only offers an ontological reading of the filmic experience inspired by Heidegger’s philosophy but also contributes substantially to the ongoing debate of whether or not film is a medium that is legitimately philosophical. In addition to confronting unique ideas about film that emerge from Loht’s analysis of Heidegger’s phenomenological ontology of Dasein, including a reading of later Heidegger of the “Turn,” (...)
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  50.  7
    Gray Sabbath: Jesus People USA, Evangelical Left, and the Evolution of Christian Rock by Shawn David Young.Brady Kal Cox - 2017 - Utopian Studies 28 (2):366-370.
    Historian Candy Gunther Brown has noted that since the mid-twentieth century, "evangelicalism has reemerged as the normative form of non-Catholic American Christianity, supplanting what is usually referred to as mainline Protestantism."1 However, in the 1970s few people predicted that this would occur. In Gray Sabbath, Shawn David Young describes a lesser-known countercultural side of evangelicalism. Young explains, "This book explores a post–Jesus Movement 'Jesus People' commune that does not conform to our common understanding of evangelical Christianity or popular Christian (...)
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