Results for 'Sheila A. Kerr'

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  1.  9
    Studies in the Eighteenth-Century Background of Hume's Empiricism. By Mary Shaw Kuypers. (The University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. 1930. Pp. Viii + 134. Price $1.50.). [REVIEW]Sheila A. Kerr - 1931 - Philosophy 6 (22):266-.
  2.  27
    Walden.Sheila A. Laffey, Henry David Thoreau, Fred Cardin, Douglas S. Clapp & John D. Ogden - 1981 - First Run/Icarus Films (Distributor).
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  3.  16
    Patient Expectations in Placebo‐Controlled Randomized Clinical Trials.David A. Stone, Catherine E. Kerr, Eric Jacobson, Lisa A. Conboy ScD & Ted J. Kaptchuk - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (1):77-84.
  4.  37
    Patient Expectations in Placebo‐Controlled Randomized Clinical Trials.David A. Stone, Catherine E. Kerr, Eric Jacobson, A. Lisa & Ted J. Kaptchuk - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (1):77-84.
  5. Clinical Ethics Consultation in the United Kingdom.Sheila A. M. McLean - 2009 - Diametros 22:76 – 89.
    The system of clinical ethics committees (CECs) in the United Kingdom is based on goodwill. No formal requirements exist as to constitution, membership, range of expertise or the status of their recommendations. Healthcare professionals are not obliged to use CECs where they exist, nor to follow any advice received. In addition, the make-up of CECs suggests that ethics itself may be under-represented. In most cases, there is one member with a training in ethics – the rest are healthcare professionals or (...)
     
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  6.  13
    Regulating Research and Experimentation: A View From the UK.Sheila A. M. McLean - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):604-612.
    A medical profession which did not seek improved means to conquer disease would be condemned for dereliction of its duty, Members of the public will not accept the current state of the medical arts as finite but feel justified in expecting the development of more effective therapies for illness, and the promotion of improved means of preventive care.With this assertion, the distinguished academic, Bernard Dickens, places research firmly in the domain of the public interest. Foster agrees, saying that, “[t]o improve (...)
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  7.  5
    Regulating Research and Experimentation: A View From the UK.Sheila A. M. McLean - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (4):604-612.
    A medical profession which did not seek improved means to conquer disease would be condemned for dereliction of its duty, Members of the public will not accept the current state of the medical arts as finite but feel justified in expecting the development of more effective therapies for illness, and the promotion of improved means of preventive care.With this assertion, the distinguished academic, Bernard Dickens, places research firmly in the domain of the public interest. Foster agrees, saying that, “[t]o improve (...)
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  8. Contemporary Issues in Law, Medicine and Ethics.Sheila A. M. Mclean - 1996
     
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  9.  54
    End-of-Life Decision-Making in Canada: The Report by the Royal Society of Canada Expert Panel on End-of-Life Decision-Making.Udo Schüklenk, Johannes J. M. van Delden, Jocelyn Downie, Sheila A. M. Mclean, Ross Upshur & Daniel Weinstock - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (s1):1-73.
    ABSTRACTThis report on end‐of‐life decision‐making in Canada was produced by an international expert panel and commissioned by the Royal Society of Canada. It consists of five chapters.Chapter 1 reviews what is known about end‐of‐life care and opinions about assisted dying in Canada.Chapter 2 reviews the legal status quo in Canada with regard to various forms of assisted death.Chapter 3 reviews ethical issues pertaining to assisted death. The analysis is grounded in core values central to Canada's constitutional order.Chapter 4 reviews the (...)
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  10.  12
    Uninformed Consent? The Effect of Participant Characteristics and Delivery Format on Informed Consent.Kyle R. Ripley, Margaret A. Hance, Stacey A. Kerr, Lauren E. Brewer & Kyle E. Conlon - 2018 - Ethics and Behavior 28 (7):517-543.
    Although many people choose to sign consent forms and participate in research, how many thoroughly read a consent form before signing it? Across 3 experiments using 348 undergraduate student participants, we examined whether personality characteristics as well as consent form content, format, and delivery method were related to thorough reading. Students repeatedly failed to read the consent forms, although small effects were found favoring electronic delivery methods and traditional format forms. Potential explanations are discussed and include participant apathy, participants trying (...)
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  11.  1
    Greibach Sheila A.. A Note on Pushdown Store Automata and Regular Systems. Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 18 , Pp. 263–268. [REVIEW]Richard Stanley - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (2):302-303.
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  12. Review: Sheila A. Greibach, A Note on Pushdown Store Automata and Regular Systems. [REVIEW]Richard Stanley - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (2):302-303.
  13. Is There a Legal Threat to Medicine? The Case of Anthony Bland.Sheila A. M. Mclean - 1994
     
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  14. Integrating Actions and State Constraints: A Closed-Form Solution to the Ramification Problem.Sheila A. McIlraith - 2000 - Artificial Intelligence 116 (1-2):87-121.
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  15.  10
    Explaining the Gap in Antenatal Care Service Utilization Between Younger and Older Mothers in Ghana.Sheila A. Boamah, Jonathan Amoyaw & Isaac Luginaah - 2016 - Journal of Biosocial Science 48 (3):342-357.
    SummaryOver two-thirds of pregnant women have at least one antenatal care coverage contact in sub-Saharan Africa. However, to achieve the full life-saving potential that ANC promises for women and babies, a nuanced understanding of age-specific gaps in utilization of ANC services is required. Using the 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey of 1456 individuals, this study examined the disparities in the use of ANC services between younger and older mothers by applying four counterfactual decomposition techniques. The results show that cross-group (...)
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  16.  18
    Greibach Sheila A.. Theory of Program Structures: Schemes, Semantics, Verification. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 36. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York, 1975, Xv + 364 Pp. [REVIEW]Robert L. Constable - 1978 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (1):154-156.
  17.  10
    Review: Sheila A. Greibach, Theory of Program Structures: Schemes, Semantics, Verification. [REVIEW]Robert L. Constable - 1978 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (1):154-156.
  18.  24
    Greibach Sheila A.. The unsolvability of the recognition of linear context-free languages. Journal of the Association for Computing Machinery, vol. 13 , pp. 582–587. [REVIEW]Seymour Ginsburg - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (4):693-693.
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  19.  26
    Review: Sheila A. Greibach, The Unsolvability of the Recognition of Linear Context-Free Languages. [REVIEW]Seymour Ginsburg - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (4):693-693.
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  20.  19
    Sheila A. Greibach. The Undecidability of the Ambiguity Problem for Minimal Linear Grammars. Information and Control, Vol. 6 , Pp. 119–125. [REVIEW]S.-Y. Kuroda - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (1):114-115.
  21. Death, Dying and the Law.Sheila A. M. Mclean - 1996
     
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  22.  20
    Human Rights and Bioethics.Sheila A. M. McLean - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 658 (663):660.
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  23. Medicine, Morals, and the Law.Sheila A. M. Mclean & Gerry Maher - 1983
  24. Mini-Hearings on Issues in Human Tissue Storage.J. A. Wells & D. Kerr - forthcoming - National Bioethics Advisory Commission, Research Involving Human Biological Materials: Ethical Issues and Policy Guidance (National Bioethics Advisory Commission).
     
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  25.  23
    IRB and Research Regulatory Delays Within the Military Health System: Do They Really Matter? And If So, Why and for Whom?Michael C. Freed, Laura A. Novak, William D. S. Killgore, Sheila A. M. Rauch, Tracey P. Koehlmoos, J. P. Ginsberg, Janice L. Krupnick, Albert "Skip" Rizzo, Anne Andrews & Charles C. Engel - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (8):30-37.
    Institutional review board delays may hinder the successful completion of federally funded research in the U.S. military. When this happens, time-sensitive, mission-relevant questions go unanswered. Research participants face unnecessary burdens and risks if delays squeeze recruitment timelines, resulting in inadequate sample sizes for definitive analyses. More broadly, military members are exposed to untested or undertested interventions, implemented by well-intentioned leaders who bypass the research process altogether. To illustrate, we offer two case examples. We posit that IRB delays often appear in (...)
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  26.  9
    Sheila McNally, Ed., Shaping Community: The Art and Archaeology of Monasticism. Papers From a Symposium Held at the Frederick R. Weisman Museum, University of Minnesota, March 10–12, 2000. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2001. Paper. Pp. Viii, 189; Black-and-White Figures, 1 Table, and Maps. £32. [REVIEW]Sheila Bonde & Clark Maines - 2004 - Speculum 79 (2):524-526.
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  27.  17
    Revealing the Scapegoat Mechanism: Christianity After Girard: Fergus Kerr.Fergus Kerr - 1992 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 32:161-175.
    The philosophy of religion, as commonly understood by Christians in both the Catholic and Reformed traditions, whether they think it a worthwhile enterprise or not, begins with arguments for the existence of a deity, proceeds to show that this deity is necessarily unique, eternal, and suchlike, and leaves it to reflection on divine revelation to consider whether this deity might be properly designated as ‘three persons in one nature’. Much later, after discussing the metaphysical implications of the incarnation of the (...)
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  28.  25
    A Plea for KR.Alison Duncan Kerr - 2019 - Synthese 198 (4):3047-3071.
    There is a strong case to be made for thinking that an obscure logic, KR, is better than classical logic and better than any relevant logic. The argument for KR over relevant logics is that KR counts disjunctive syllogism valid, and this is the biggest complaint about relevant logics. The argument for KR over classical logic depends on the normativity of logic and the paradoxes of implication. The paradoxes of implication are taken by relevant logicians to justify relevant logic, but (...)
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  29.  39
    Kuhn's Paradigms and Neoclassical Economics: A Comment: Sheila C. Dow.Sheila C. Dow - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (1):119-122.
  30. States of Knowledge: The Co-Production of Science and Social Order.Sheila Jasanoff (ed.) - 2004 - Routledge.
    In the past twenty years, the field of science and technology studies (S&TS) has made considerable progress toward illuminating the relationship between scientific knowledge and political power. These insights have not yet been synthesized or presented in a form that systematically highlights the connections between S&TS and other social sciences. This timely collection of essays by some of the leading scholars in the field attempts to fill that gap. The book develops the theme of "co-production", showing how scientific knowledge both (...)
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  31. Facebook Displays as Predictors of Binge Drinking: From the Virtual to the Visceral.Megan A. Moreno, Bradley Kerr & Jonathan D’Angelo - 2014 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 34 (5-6):159-169.
    Given the prevalence of social media, a nascent but important area of research is the effect of social media posting on one’s own self. It is possible that an individual’s social media posts may have predictive capacity, especially in relation to health behavior. Researchers have long used concepts from the theory of reasoned action to predict health behaviors. The theory does not account for social media, which may influence or predict health behaviors. The purpose of this study was to test (...)
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  32.  25
    The Gene Genie: Good Fairy or Wicked Witch?A. M. McLean Sheila - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 32 (4):723-739.
    The so-called genetics revolution rests on a history which at its least can be described as controversial. Modern genetics needs to bear this history in mind. In particular, as with the past, the area of reproductive choice seems particularly vulnerable to potential abuse. Courts in the UK and elsewhere have already shown themselves willing to interfere with the choices of women in the management of their pregnancies. Medical advance, perhaps particularly the capacity to visualise the developing foetus, has added complexity (...)
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  33.  7
    The Gene Genie: Good Fairy or Wicked Witch?Sheila A. M. McLean - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 32 (4):723-739.
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  34. John McCarthy's Legacy.Leora Morgenstern & Sheila A. McIlraith - 2011 - Artificial Intelligence 175 (1):1-24.
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  35.  5
    Getting the Subject Back Into the World: Heidegger's Version: Fergus Kerr.Fergus Kerr - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 29:173-190.
    In a footnote to the preface to the second edition of his Critique of Pure Reason Kant remarked that ‘it still remains a scandal to philosophy and to human reason in general that the existence [ Dasein ] of things outside us … must be accepted on faith , and that if anyone thinks good to doubt their existence, we are unable to counter his doubts by any satisfactory proof’ . In Being and Time Heidegger remarks, somewhat less famously, that (...)
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  36.  39
    The Uses of the University.A. C. F. Beales & Clark Kerr - 1964 - British Journal of Educational Studies 13 (1):102.
  37. Individualist and Multi-Level Perspectives on Selection in Structured Populations.Benjamin Kerr & Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (4):477-517.
    Recent years have seen a renewed debate over the importance of groupselection, especially as it relates to the evolution of altruism. Onefeature of this debate has been disagreement over which kinds ofprocesses should be described in terms of selection at multiple levels,within and between groups. Adapting some earlier discussions, we presenta mathematical framework that can be used to explore the exactrelationships between evolutionary models that do, and those that donot, explicitly recognize biological groups as fitness-bearing entities.We show a fundamental set (...)
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  38. Containing the Atom: Sociotechnical Imaginaries and Nuclear Power in the United States and South Korea.Sheila Jasanoff & Sang-Hyun Kim - 2009 - Minerva 47 (2):119-146.
    STS research has devoted relatively little attention to the promotion and reception of science and technology by non-scientific actors and institutions. One consequence is that the relationship of science and technology to political power has tended to remain undertheorized. This article aims to fill that gap by introducing the concept of sociotechnical imaginaries. Through a comparative examination of the development and regulation of nuclear power in the US and South Korea, the article demonstrates the analytic potential of the imaginaries concept. (...)
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  39.  87
    Yours or Mine? Ownership and Memory.Sheila J. Cunningham, David J. Turk, Lynda M. Macdonald & C. Neil Macrae - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):312-318.
    An important function of the self is to identify external objects that are potentially personally relevant. We suggest that such objects may be identified through mere ownership. Extant research suggests that encoding information in a self-relevant context enhances memory , thus an experiment was designed to test the impact of ownership on memory performance. Participants either moved or observed the movement of picture cards into two baskets; one of which belonged to self and one which belonged to another participant. A (...)
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  40.  90
    Constitutional Moments in Governing Science and Technology.Sheila Jasanoff - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):621-638.
    Scholars in science and technology studies have recently been called upon to advise governments on the design of procedures for public engagement. Any such instrumental function should be carried out consistently with STS’s interpretive and normative obligations as a social science discipline. This article illustrates how such threefold integration can be achieved by reviewing current US participatory politics against a 70-year backdrop of tacit constitutional developments in governing science and technology. Two broad cycles of constitutional adjustment are discerned: the first (...)
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  41. Contingent Foundations: Feminism and the Question of Postmodernism.Sheila Benhabib - 1995 - In Seyla Benhabib (ed.), Feminist Contentions: A Philosophical Exchange. Routledge.
  42. What is Altruism?Benjamin Kerr, Peter Godfrey-Smith & Marcus W. Feldman - unknown
    Altruism is generally understood to be behavior that benefits others at a personal cost to the behaving individual. However, within evolutionary biology, different authors have interpreted the concept of altruism differently, leading to dissimilar predictions about the evolution of altruistic behavior. Generally, different interpretations diverge on which party receives the benefit from altruism and on how the cost of altruism is assessed. Using a simple trait-group framework, we delineate the assumptions underlying different interpretations and show how they relate to one (...)
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  43. Cheats as First Propagules: A New Hypothesis for the Evolution of Individuality During the Transition From Single Cells to Multicellularity.Paul B. Rainey & Benjamin Kerr - 2010 - Bioessays 32 (10):872-880.
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  44.  42
    Superiority in Humor Theory.Sheila Lintott - 2016 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 74 (4):347-358.
    In this article, I consider the standard interpretation of the superiority theory of humor attributed to Plato, Aristotle, and Hobbes, according to which the theory allegedly places feelings of superiority at the center of humor and comic amusement. The view that feelings of superiority are at the heart of all comic amusement is wildly implausible. Therefore textual evidence for the interpretation of Plato, Aristotle, or Hobbes as offering the superiority theory as an essentialist theory of humor is worth careful consideration. (...)
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  45.  17
    Farming for Change: Developing a Participatory Curriculum on Agroecology, Nutrition, Climate Change and Social Equity in Malawi and Tanzania.Rachel Bezner Kerr, Sera L. Young, Carrie Young, Marianne V. Santoso, Mufunanji Magalasi, Martin Entz, Esther Lupafya, Laifolo Dakishoni, Vicki Morrone, David Wolfe & Sieglinde S. Snapp - 2019 - Agriculture and Human Values 36 (3):549-566.
    How to engage farmers that have limited formal education is at the foundation of environmentally-sound and equitable agricultural development. Yet there are few examples of curricula that support the co-development of knowledge with farmers. While transdisciplinary and participatory techniques are considered key components of agroecology, how to do so is rarely specified and few materials are available, especially those relevant to smallholder farmers with limited formal education in Sub-Saharan Africa. The few training materials that exist provide appropriate methods, such as (...)
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  46. A Field of its Own: The Emergence of Science and Technology Studies.Sheila Jasanoff - 2010 - In Robert Frodeman, Julie Thompson Klein & Carl Mitcham (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. Oxford University Press.
  47.  51
    A Serious Look at Consciousness-Raising.Sheila Ruth - 1973 - Social Theory and Practice 2 (3):289-300.
  48.  1
    A Heuristic Search Approach to Planning with Temporally Extended Preferences.Jorge A. Baier, Fahiem Bacchus & Sheila A. McIlraith - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence 173 (5-6):593-618.
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  49.  2
    Gaven Kerr, O.P., On Creation with Its Philosophical Corollaries.David Burrell - 2019 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 67 (4):145-146.
    Author endorses the study by Gaven Kerr, O.P., for the way it shows the centrality of Aquinas’ metaphysics of creation: showcasing the ‘real distinction’ between esse and essentia, followed by Aquinas’ unique treatment of each, as well as a deep consideration of esse tantum. At the end he states the ‘proof’ which Gaven Kerr has articulated so deftly reflects the manner in which the Creator ‘appears’ in creation, thereby ‘showing’ what cannot be ‘said’.
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  50. Shifting Perspectives: A New Approach to Ethics.Sheila Mullett - 1988 - In Christine Overall, Sheila Mullett & Lorraine Code (eds.), Feminist Perspectives: Philosophical Essays on Method and Morals. University of Toronto Press. pp. 109--126.
     
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