Results for 'Sheila Macrae'

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  1.  87
    Yours or Mine? Ownership and Memory.Sheila J. Cunningham, David J. Turk, Lynda M. Macdonald & C. Neil Macrae - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):312-318.
    An important function of the self is to identify external objects that are potentially personally relevant. We suggest that such objects may be identified through mere ownership. Extant research suggests that encoding information in a self-relevant context enhances memory , thus an experiment was designed to test the impact of ownership on memory performance. Participants either moved or observed the movement of picture cards into two baskets; one of which belonged to self and one which belonged to another participant. A (...)
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  2.  50
    Self-Memory Biases in Explicit and Incidental Encoding of Trait Adjectives.David J. Turk, Sheila J. Cunningham & C. Neil Macrae - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):1040-1045.
    An extensive literature has demonstrated that encoding information in a self-referential manner enhances subsequent memory performance. This ‘self-reference effect’ is generally elicited in paradigms that require participants to evaluate the self-descriptiveness of personality characteristics. Extending work of this kind, the current research explored the possibility that explicit evaluative processing is not a necessary precondition for the emergence of this effect. Rather, responses to self cues may enhance item encoding even in the absence of explicit evaluative instructions. We explored this hypothesis (...)
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  3.  49
    Self-Reflection and the Temporal Focus of the Wandering Mind.Jonathan Smallwood, Jonathan W. Schooler, David J. Turk, Sheila J. Cunningham, Phebe Burns & C. Neil Macrae - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1120-1126.
    Current accounts suggest that self-referential thought serves a pivotal function in the human ability to simulate the future during mind-wandering. Using experience sampling, this hypothesis was tested in two studies that explored the extent to which self-reflection impacts both retrospection and prospection during mind-wandering. Study 1 demonstrated that a brief period of self-reflection yielded a prospective bias during mind-wandering such that participants’ engaged more frequently in spontaneous future than past thought. In Study 2, individual differences in the strength of self-referential (...)
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  4. Choice, Pathways and Transitions Post-16: New Youth, New Economies and the Global City.Stephen J. Ball, Meg Maguire & Sheila Macrae - 2001 - British Journal of Educational Studies 49 (3):357-359.
     
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  5.  9
    Sheila McNally, Ed., Shaping Community: The Art and Archaeology of Monasticism. Papers From a Symposium Held at the Frederick R. Weisman Museum, University of Minnesota, March 10–12, 2000. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2001. Paper. Pp. Viii, 189; Black-and-White Figures, 1 Table, and Maps. £32. [REVIEW]Sheila Bonde & Clark Maines - 2004 - Speculum 79 (2):524-526.
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  6.  2
    Sheila Jasanoff : au-delà de la société des risques, faire science en société.Sheila Jasanoff & Pierre-Benoît Joly - 2019 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 27 (4):452-459.
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  7.  12
    Clinical Bioethics Integration, Sustainability, and Accountability: The Hub and Spokes Strategy.S. MacRae - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (5):256-261.
    The “lone” clinical bioethicist working in a large, multisite hospital faces considerable challenges. While attempting to build ethics capacity and sustain a demanding range of responsibilities, he or she must also achieve an acceptable level of integration, sustainability, and accountability within a complex organisational structure. In an effort to address such inherent demands and to create a platform towards better evaluation and effectiveness, the Clinical Ethics Group at the Joint Centre for Bioethics at the University of Toronto is implementing the (...)
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  8.  13
    Toward a Shallow Interpretivist Model of Sport.Sinclair A. MacRae - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 44 (3):285-299.
    Deep ethical interpretivism has been the standard view of the nature of sport in the philosophy of sport for the past seventeen years or so. On this account excellence assumes the role of the foundational, ethical goal that justice assumes in Ronald Dworkin’s interpretivist model of law. However, since excellence in sports is not an ethical value, and since it should not be regarded as an ultimate goal, the case for the traditional account fails. It should be replaced by the (...)
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  9.  16
    A Case of Hand Waving: Action Synchrony and Person Perception.C. Neil Macrae, Oonagh K. Duffy, Lynden K. Miles & Julie Lawrence - 2008 - Cognition 109 (1):152-156.
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  10.  4
    Cheating as Wrongful Competitive Norm Violating.Sinclair A. MacRae - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 46 (3):339-354.
    ABSTRACTIn this article, I begin to develop and defend a reformed concept of ‘cheating’ as ‘wrongful competitive norm violating’. I then use this to reject Oliver Leaman’s view that cheating is som...
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  11.  29
    Competition, Cooperation, and an Adversarial Model of Sport.Sinclair A. MacRae - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 45 (1):53-67.
    In this paper, I defend a general theory of competition and contrast it with a corresponding general theory of cooperation. I then use this analysis to critique mutualism. Building on the work of Arthur Applbaum and Joseph Heath I develop an alternative adversarial model of competitive sport, one that helps explain and is partly justified by shallow interpretivism, and argue that this model helps shows that the claim that mutualism provides us with the most defensible ethical ideal of sport is (...)
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  12. States of Knowledge: The Co-Production of Science and Social Order.Sheila Jasanoff (ed.) - 2004 - Routledge.
    In the past twenty years, the field of science and technology studies (S&TS) has made considerable progress toward illuminating the relationship between scientific knowledge and political power. These insights have not yet been synthesized or presented in a form that systematically highlights the connections between S&TS and other social sciences. This timely collection of essays by some of the leading scholars in the field attempts to fill that gap. The book develops the theme of "co-production", showing how scientific knowledge both (...)
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  13.  15
    Cheating as Wrongful Competitive Norm Violating.Sinclair A. MacRae - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 46 (3):339-354.
    ABSTRACTIn this article, I begin to develop and defend a reformed concept of ‘cheating’ as ‘wrongful competitive norm violating’. I then use this to reject Oliver Leaman’s view that cheating is som...
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  14.  11
    Rules in Games and Sports: Why a Solution to the Problem of Penalties Leads to the Rejection of Formalism as a Useful Theory About the Nature of Sport.Sinclair A. MacRae - 2020 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 47 (1):49-62.
    ABSTRACTBernard Suits and other formalists endorse both the logical incompatibility thesis and the view that rule-breakings resulting in penalties can be a legitimate part of a game. This is what Fred D’Agostino calls ‘the problem of penalties’. In this paper, I reject both Suits’ and D’Agostino’s responses to the problem and argue instead that the solution is to abandon Suits’ view that the constitutive rules of all games are alike. Whereas the logical incompatibility thesis applies to games in which players’ (...)
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  15.  4
    Rules in Games and Sports: Why a Solution to the Problem of Penalties Leads to the Rejection of Formalism as a Useful Theory About the Nature of Sport.Sinclair A. MacRae - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 47 (1):49-62.
    Bernard Suits and other formalists endorse both the logical incompatibility thesis and the view that rule-breakings resulting in penalties can be a legitimate part of a game. This is what Fred D’Ag...
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  16.  16
    When Do I Wear Me Out? Mental Simulation and the Diminution of Self-Control.C. Neil Macrae, Brittany M. Christian, Marius Golubickis, Magdalene Karanasiou, Lenka Troksiarova, Diana L. McNamara & Lynden K. Miles - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (4):1755-1764.
  17.  11
    Increasing the Quality of Seismic Interpretation.Euan J. Macrae, Clare E. Bond, Zoe K. Shipton & Rebecca J. Lunn - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (3):T395-T402.
    Geologic models are based on the interpretation of spatially sparse and limited resolution data sets. Nonunique interpretations often exist, resulting in commercial, safety, and environmental risks. We surveyed 444 experienced geoscientists to assess the validity of their interpretations of a seismic section for which multiple concepts honor the data. The most statistically influential factor in improving interpretation was writing about geologic time. A randomized controlled trial identified for the first time a significant causal link between being explicitly requested to describe (...)
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  18.  63
    Technologies of Humility: Citizen Participation in Governing Science.Sheila Jasanoff - 2003 - Minerva 41 (3):223--244.
    Building on recent theories ofscience in society, such as that provided bythe `Mode 2' framework, this paper argues thatgovernments should reconsider existingrelations among decision-makers, experts, andcitizens in the management of technology.Policy-makers need a set of ` technologies ofhumility' for systematically assessing theunknown and the uncertain. Appropriate focalpoints for such modest assessments are framing,vulnerability, distribution, and learning.
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  19.  27
    Walden.Sheila A. Laffey, Henry David Thoreau, Fred Cardin, Douglas S. Clapp & John D. Ogden - 1981 - First Run/Icarus Films (Distributor).
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  20.  24
    The Social Function of Social Science.Duncan MacRae - 1976 - Yale University Press.
  21.  25
    Not Just What, but How: Creating Agricultural Sustainability and Food Security by Changing Canada's Agricultural Policy Making Process. [REVIEW]Rod MacRae - 1999 - Agriculture and Human Values 16 (2):187-202.
    Agriculture has been enormously productive in recent decades. The main problem is that fragmentation of issues, knowledge, and responsibilities has hidden the costs associated with this success. These are mainly environmental, social, and health costs, which have been assigned to other ministries, with their own histories unconnected to agriculture. Now that agricultural policy has achieved its success, its costs are becoming apparent. The current system is preoccupied with traditional views of competitiveness and efficiency. Policies, programs, and regulations are organized to (...)
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  22.  31
    Turning I Into Me: Imagining Your Future Self.C. Neil Macrae, Jason P. Mitchell, Kirsten A. Tait, Diana L. McNamara, Marius Golubickis, Pavlos P. Topalidis & Brittany M. Christian - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 37:207-213.
  23. Clinical Ethics and Systems Thinking.Susan K. MacRae, Ellen Fox & Anne Slowther - 2008 - In Peter A. Singer & A. M. Viens (eds.), The Cambridge Textbook of Bioethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 313.
     
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  24.  51
    Science and Public Reason.Sheila Jasanoff - 2012 - Routledge.
    This collection of essays by Sheila Jasanoff explores how democratic governments construct public reason, that is, the forms of evidence and argument used in making state decisions accountable to citizens.
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  25. Containing the Atom: Sociotechnical Imaginaries and Nuclear Power in the United States and South Korea.Sheila Jasanoff & Sang-Hyun Kim - 2009 - Minerva 47 (2):119-146.
    STS research has devoted relatively little attention to the promotion and reception of science and technology by non-scientific actors and institutions. One consequence is that the relationship of science and technology to political power has tended to remain undertheorized. This article aims to fill that gap by introducing the concept of sociotechnical imaginaries. Through a comparative examination of the development and regulation of nuclear power in the US and South Korea, the article demonstrates the analytic potential of the imaginaries concept. (...)
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  26.  58
    Top 10 Health Care Ethics Challenges Facing the Public: Views of Toronto Bioethicists. [REVIEW]Jonathan Breslin, Susan MacRae, Jennifer Bell & Peter Singer - 2005 - BMC Medical Ethics 6 (1):1-8.
    Background There are numerous ethical challenges that can impact patients and families in the health care setting. This paper reports on the results of a study conducted with a panel of clinical bioethicists in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, the purpose of which was to identify the top ethical challenges facing patients and their families in health care. A modified Delphi study was conducted with twelve clinical bioethicist members of the Clinical Ethics Group of the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics. (...)
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  27. Contingent Foundations: Feminism and the Question of Postmodernism.Sheila Benhabib - 1995 - In Seyla Benhabib (ed.), Feminist Contentions: A Philosophical Exchange. Routledge.
  28.  90
    Constitutional Moments in Governing Science and Technology.Sheila Jasanoff - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):621-638.
    Scholars in science and technology studies have recently been called upon to advise governments on the design of procedures for public engagement. Any such instrumental function should be carried out consistently with STS’s interpretive and normative obligations as a social science discipline. This article illustrates how such threefold integration can be achieved by reviewing current US participatory politics against a 70-year backdrop of tacit constitutional developments in governing science and technology. Two broad cycles of constitutional adjustment are discerned: the first (...)
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  29.  1
    Professional Knowledge for Policy Discourse: Argumentation Versus Reasoned Selection of Proposals.Duncan MacRae - 1988 - Knowledge in Society 1 (3):6-24.
  30.  42
    Superiority in Humor Theory.Sheila Lintott - 2016 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 74 (4):347-358.
    In this article, I consider the standard interpretation of the superiority theory of humor attributed to Plato, Aristotle, and Hobbes, according to which the theory allegedly places feelings of superiority at the center of humor and comic amusement. The view that feelings of superiority are at the heart of all comic amusement is wildly implausible. Therefore textual evidence for the interpretation of Plato, Aristotle, or Hobbes as offering the superiority theory as an essentialist theory of humor is worth careful consideration. (...)
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  31.  15
    I Science and the Formation of Policy in a Democracy.Duncan Macrae - 1973 - Minerva 11 (2):228-242.
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  32. Economic Methodology: An Inquiry.Sheila Dow - 2002 - Oxford University Press UK.
    'An extremely readable book that should provoke both economists and students of economic methodology to think more deeply about what they are doing.' Roger E. Backhouse, Professor of the History and Philosophy of Economics, University of BirminghamEconomic Methodology provides an accessible introduction to the subject-matter of and literature on the methodology of economics. It presents issues in economics in order to demonstrate the need for methodological awareness and debate. The core of the book then explains the content and development of (...)
     
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  33.  4
    The University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics Clinical Ethics Group. Top 10 Health Care Ethics Challenges Facing the Public: Views of Toronto Bioethicists.J. Breslin, S. MacRae, J. Bell & P. Singer - 2005 - BMC Medical Ethics 6 (1).
    BackgroundThere are numerous ethical challenges that can impact patients and families in the health care setting. This paper reports on the results of a study conducted with a panel of clinical bioethicists in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, the purpose of which was to identify the top ethical challenges facing patients and their families in health care. A modified Delphi study was conducted with twelve clinical bioethicist members of the Clinical Ethics Group of the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics. The (...)
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  34.  4
    Interpreting Kant in Education: Dissolving Dualisms and Embodying Mind – Introduction.Sheila Webb - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 54 (6):1494-1509.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  35.  8
    “Whom Heaven Must Receive Until The Time”: Reflections on the Christology of Acts.George W. Macrae - 1973 - Interpretation 27 (2):151-165.
    It is the task of theology in every age to discover formulations of belief which are both traditionally and genuinely meaningful. The Book of Acts presents Jesus Christ, absent since his ascension, yet powerfully present in a complex of ways, which may be catalytically provocative for the thinking of faith today.
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  36.  36
    Linking Future Population Food Requirements for Health with Local Production in Waterloo Region, Canada.Ellen Desjardins, Rod MacRae & Theresa Schumilas - 2010 - Agriculture and Human Values 27 (2):129-140.
    Regional planning for improved agricultural capacity to supply produce, legumes, and whole grains has the potential to improve population health as well as the local food economy. This case study of Waterloo Region (WR), Canada, had two objectives. First, we estimate the quantity of locally grown vegetables, fruits, legumes, and whole grains needed to help meet the Region of Waterloo population’s optimal nutritional requirements currently and in 2026. Secondly, we estimate how much of these healthy food requirements for the WR (...)
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  37.  2
    Chapter 2 Dualisms, Distinctions and Unity.Sheila Webb - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 54 (6):1522-1533.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  38.  60
    Toward Eco-Friendly Aesthetics.Sheila Lintott - 2006 - Environmental Ethics 28 (1):57-76.
    Environmentalists can make individuals more eco-friendly by dispelling many of the myths and misconceptions about the natural world. By learning what in nature is and is not dangerous, and in what contexts the danger is real, individuals can come to aesthetically appreciate seemingly unappreciable nature. Since aesthetic attraction can be an extremely valuable tool for environmentalists, with potentialbeyond that of scientific education, the quest for an eco-friendly is neither unnecessary nor redundant. Rather, an eco-friendly aesthetic ought to be pursued in (...)
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  39. Autonomy, Consent and the Law.Sheila McLean - 2010 - Routledge-Cavendish.
    From Hippocrates to paternalism to autonomy : the new hegemony -- From autonomy to consent -- Consent, autonomy, and the law -- Autonomy at the end of life -- Autonomy and pregnancy -- Autonomy and genetic information -- Autonomy and organ transplantation -- Autonomy, consent, and the law.
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  40.  29
    Structured Pluralism.Sheila C. Dow - 2004 - Journal of Economic Methodology 11 (3):275-290.
    The purpose of this paper is to consider how far the notion of schools of thought is compatible with methodological pluralism. Should economics instead be categorised simply as pluralist or non?pluralist? The notion of structured pluralism is developed, where categories, connections and (crucially) absence of connection apply at a variety of levels. Schools of thought provide some of that (provisional, mutable) structure, encapsulating, among other things, the use of language within each community. Awareness, and understanding, of the different categories and (...)
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  41.  18
    The Ichneumon Fly and the Equilibration of British Natural Economies in the Eighteenth Century.Sheila Wille - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Science 48 (4):639-660.
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  42. A Field of its Own: The Emergence of Science and Technology Studies.Sheila Jasanoff - 2010 - In Robert Frodeman, Julie Thompson Klein & Carl Mitcham (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. Oxford University Press.
  43.  43
    Why Self-Control Seems Limited.Michael Inzlicht, Brandon J. Schmeichel & C. Neil Macrae - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (3):127-133.
  44.  8
    Ethical and Cultural Considerations in Informed Consent in Botswana.Sheila Shaibu - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (4):503-509.
    Reflections on my experience of conducting research in Botswana are used to highlight tensions and conflicts that arise from adhering to the western conceptualization of bioethics and the need to be culturally sensitive when carrying out research in one's own culture. Cultural practices required the need to exercise discretionary judgement guided by respect for the culture and decision-making protocols of the research participants. Ethical challenges that arose are discussed. The brokerage role of nurse educators and leaders in contextualizing western bioethics (...)
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  45.  58
    Ethically Evaluating Land Art: Is It Worth It?Sheila Lintott - 2007 - Ethics, Place and Environment 10 (3):263 – 277.
    Land art requires careful evaluation when assessing its aesthetic and ethical value. Critics of land art charge that it is unethical in that it uses nature without such use being justified by some future good. Other critics charge that land art harms nature aesthetically. In this essay, the author canvasses these charges and argues that some land art is ethically and aesthetically defensible, and that some has great and rare potential in both realms.
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  46. Shifting Perspectives: A New Approach to Ethics.Sheila Mullett - 1988 - In Christine Overall, Sheila Mullett & Lorraine Code (eds.), Feminist Perspectives: Philosophical Essays on Method and Morals. University of Toronto Press. pp. 109--126.
     
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  47.  36
    Ethnicity and Advance Care Directives.Sheila T. Murphy, Joycelynne M. Palmer, Stanley Ken, Gelya Frank, Vicki Michel & Leslie J. Blackhall - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (2):108-117.
  48.  50
    Human Genetics and Politics as Mutually Beneficial Resources: The Case of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics During the Third Reich.Sheila Faith Weiss - 2006 - Journal of the History of Biology 39 (1):41-88.
    This essay analyzes one of Germany's former premier research institutions for biomedical research, the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics (KWIA) as a test case for the way in which politics and human heredity served as resources for each other during the Third Reich. Examining the KWIA from this perspective brings us a step closer to answering the questions at the heart of most recent scholarship concerning the biomedical community under the swastika: (1) How do we explain (...)
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  49.  20
    Federal Regulation of Local and Sustainable Food Claims in Canada: A Case Study of Local Food Plus. [REVIEW]Fiona N. Louden & Rod J. MacRae - 2010 - Agriculture and Human Values 27 (2):177-188.
    Interest in purchasing local food from suppliers who follow sustainable practices is growing in Canada. Such suppliers wish to have their products recognized in the market so that price premiums might be received, and new markets developed. In response, the organization Local Food Plus (LFP) developed standards and a certification process to authenticate local and sustainable claims. LFP provides certification seals, and labeling provisions for qualifying producers and processors. However, given pre-existing national food labeling rules, it is not evident that (...)
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  50.  37
    What Inquiring Minds Should Want to Know. [REVIEW]Sheila Jasanoff - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (1):149-157.
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