Results for 'Shelley Nathans'

516 found
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  1.  29
    On the Real and the Make-Believe.Hernan Vera & Shelley Nathans - 1979 - Human Studies 4 (1):37 - 47.
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  2.  12
    Aspects of Visual Argument: A Study of the March of Progress.Cameron Shelley - 2001 - Informal Logic 21 (2).
    The so-called March of Progress depicts human evolution as a linear progression from mohkey to man. Shelley (1996) analyzed this image as a visual argument proceeding through "rhetorical" and "demonstrative" modes of visual logic. In this paper, I confirm and extend this view of visual logic by examining variations of the original March image. These variations show that each mode of visual logic can be altered or isolated in support of new conclusions. Furthermore, the March can be included in (...)
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  3.  47
    Lorenzo Magnani: Abductive Cognition: The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning. [REVIEW]Cameron Shelley - 2012 - Minds and Machines 22 (3):263-269.
    Lorenzo Magnani: Abductive Cognition: The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-7 DOI 10.1007/s11023-011-9267-6 Authors Cameron Shelley, Centre for Society, Technology, and Values, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada Journal Minds and Machines Online ISSN 1572-8641 Print ISSN 0924-6495.
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  4. [Book Chapter].P. Thagard & C. P. Shelley - 1997
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  5. Hume and the Joint Verdict of True Judges.James Shelley - 2013 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 71 (2):145-153.
    Malcolm Budd speaks for many when he locates the "principal weakness" of Hume's account of the standard of taste in Hume's "blithe optimism about the uniformity of response of his true judges of artistic value". I argue that Hume's optimism is not blithe. I argue, in particular, that it follows from Hume's definition of a true judge that true judges will never disagree, and that it follows from his appeal to the test of time that true judges will agree often (...)
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  6. The Concept of the Aesthetic.James Shelley - 2017 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Introduced into the philosophical lexicon during the Eighteenth Century, the term ‘aesthetic’ has come to be used to designate, among other things, a kind of object, a kind of judgment, a kind of attitude, a kind of experience, and a kind of value. For the most part, aesthetic theories have divided over questions particular to one or another of these designations: whether artworks are necessarily aesthetic objects; how to square the allegedly perceptual basis of aesthetic judgments with the fact that (...)
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  7. The Default Theory of Aesthetic Value.James Shelley - 2019 - British Journal of Aesthetics 59 (1):1-12.
    The default theory of aesthetic value combines hedonism about aesthetic value with strict perceptual formalism about aesthetic value, holding the aesthetic value of an object to be the value it has in virtue of the pleasure it gives strictly in virtue of its perceptual properties. A standard theory of aesthetic value is any theory of aesthetic value that takes the default theory as its theoretical point of departure. This paper argues that standard theories fail because they theorize from the default (...)
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  8. The Problem of Non-Perceptual Art.James Shelley - 2003 - British Journal of Aesthetics 43 (4):363-378.
    Consider the following three propositions: (R) Artworks necessarily have aesthetic properties that are relevant to their appreciation as artworks. (S) Aesthetic properties necessarily depend, at least in part, on properties perceived by means of the five senses. (X) There exist artworks that need not be perceived by means of the five senses to be appreciated as artworks. The independent plausibility and apparent joint inconsistency of these three propositions give rise to what I refer to as ‘the problem of non-perceptual art’. (...)
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  9. Book Review: A Muslim View of Christianity: Essays on Dialogue by Mahmoud AyoubA Muslim View of Christianity: Essays on Dialogue by Mahmoud Ayoubedited byOmarIrfan A.Orbis, Maryknoll, N.Y., 2007. 264 Pp. $25.00. ISBN 978-1-57075-690-0. [REVIEW]Michael T. Shelley - 2008 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 62 (2):203-203.
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  10. Frankenstein.Mary Shelley & J. Paul Hunter - 1997 - Utopian Studies 8 (1):230-231.
  11. Book Review: Muslims and the Gospel: Bridging the GapMuslims and the Gospel: Bridging the GapbyMillerRoland E.Lutheran University Press, Minneapolis, 2006. 452 Pp. $35.00. ISBN 1-932688-07-2. [REVIEW]Michael Shelley - 2007 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 61 (1):76-78.
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  12. Book Review: The Gift of Responsibility: The Promise of Dialogue Among Christians, Jews, and MuslimsThe Gift of Responsibility: The Promise of Dialogue Among Christians, Jews, and MuslimsbyMudgeLewis S.Continuum, New York, 2008. 240 Pp. $19.95. ISBN 978-0-8264-2839-4. [REVIEW]Michael T. Shelley - 2009 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 63 (4):438-438.
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  13. Hume and the Value of the Beautiful.J. Shelley - 2011 - British Journal of Aesthetics 51 (2):213-222.
    Hume is plausibly interpreted as asserting that an artwork is beautiful if and only if it pleases ideal critics. Jerrold Levinson maintains that Hume's commitment to this biconditional gives rise to a problem that occurs neither to Hume nor to his any of his interpreters—the problem of explaining why you should care what pleases ideal critics if you are not one yourself. I argue that this problem arises only if you hold an empiricist theory of aesthetic value—that is, a theory (...)
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  14.  99
    Book Review: Islam: What Non-Muslims Should KnowIslam: What Non-Muslims Should KnowbyKaltnerJohnFortress, Minneapolis, 2003. 152 Pp. $6.00. ISBN O8006-3583-3. [REVIEW]Michael T. Shelley - 2004 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 58 (2):222-222.
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  15. Why Test Animals to Treat Humans? On the Validity of Animal Models.Cameron Shelley - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (3):292-299.
    Critics of animal modeling have advanced a variety of arguments against the validity of the practice. The point of one such form of argument is to establish that animal modeling is pointless and therefore immoral. In this article, critical arguments of this form are divided into three types, the pseudoscience argument, the disanalogy argument, and the predictive validity argument. I contend that none of these criticisms currently succeed, nor are they likely to. However, the connection between validity and morality is (...)
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  16. Against Value Empiricism in Aesthetics.James Shelley - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):707-720.
    Value empiricists in aesthetics claim that we can explain the value of artworks by appeal to the value of the experiences they afford. I raise the question of the value of those experiences. I argue that while there are many values that such experiences might have, none is adequate to explaining the value of the works that afford the experiences. I then turn to defending the alternative to value empiricism, which I dub the object theory . I argue that if (...)
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  17. Abductive Reasoning: Logic, Visual Thinking, and Coherence.P. Thagard & C. P. Shelley - 1997 - In [Book Chapter].
    This paper discusses abductive reasoning---that is, reasoning in which explanatory hypotheses are formed and evaluated. First, it criticizes two recent formal logical models of abduction. An adequate formalization would have to take into account the following aspects of abduction: explanation is not deduction; hypotheses are layered; abduction is sometimes creative; hypotheses may be revolutionary; completeness is elusive; simplicity is complex; and abductive reasoning may be visual and non-sentential. Second, in order to illustrate visual aspects of hypothesis formation, the paper describes (...)
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  18.  65
    Imagining the Truth: An Account of Tragic Pleasure.James Shelley - 2003 - In Matthew Kieran & Dominic McIver Lopes (eds.), Imagination, Philosophy, and the Arts. London and New York: pp. 177-185.
    The problem of tragedy is the problem of explaining why tragedy gives us the pleasure that it does, given that it has the content that it has. I propose a series of constraints that any adequate solution to the problem must satisfy. Then I develop a solution to the problem that satisfies those constraints. But I do not claim that the solution I develop uniquely satisfies the constraints I propose. I aim merely to narrow the field of contending solutions, and (...)
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  19.  60
    Visual Abductive Reasoning in Archaeology.Cameron Shelley - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (2):278-301.
    Biographical studies have shown that visual mental imagery plays a significant role in the conduct of scientific research, particularly in the generation of hypotheses. But the nature of visual mental imagery and its participation in abductive inference is not systematically understood. This paper discusses examples of visual abductive reasoning by archaeologists, analyzing them according to the visual information and the process of inference employed. This work supports the conclusion that visual abduction is useful to scientists under certain conditions and that (...)
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  20. Response-Dependence About Aesthetic Value.Michael Watkins & James Shelley - 2012 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 93 (3):338-352.
    The dominant view about the nature of aesthetic value holds it to be response-dependent. We believe that the dominance of this view owes largely to some combination of the following prevalent beliefs: 1 The belief that challenges brought against response-dependent accounts in other areas of philosophy are less challenging when applied to response-dependent accounts of aesthetic value. 2 The belief that aesthetic value is instrumental and that response-dependence about aesthetic value alone accommodates this purported fact. 3 The belief that response-dependence (...)
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  21.  14
    Why Test Animals to Treat Humans? On the Validity of Animal Models.Cameron Shelley - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (3):292-299.
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  22.  28
    Eighteenth Century British Aesthetics.James Shelley - 2018 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    18th-century British aesthetics addressed itself to a variety of questions: What is taste? What is beauty? Is there is a standard of taste and of beauty? What is the relation between the beauty of nature and that of artistic representation? What is the relation between one fine art and another? How ought the fine arts be ranked one against another? What is the nature of the sublime and ought it be ranked with the beautiful? What is the nature of genius (...)
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  23. Hume's Double Standard of Taste.James Shelley - 1994 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 52 (4):437-445.
    I attempt to make sense of Hume's enigmatic characterization of the standard of taste as "a rule, by which the various sentiments of men may be reconciled; at least, a decision, afforded, confirming one sentiment, and condemning another." In particular, I take up the questions (a) how the standard could be both a rule and a decision, (b) why it is at least a decision if not a rule, and (c) why, if a rule, it may reconcile various sentiments rather (...)
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  24.  44
    Emotional Analogies and Analogical Inference.Paul Thagard & Cameron Shelley - unknown
    Despite the growing appreciation of the relevance of affect to cognition, analogy researchers have paid remarkably little attention to emotion. This paper discusses three general classes of analogy that involve emotions. The most straightforward are analogies and metaphors about emotions, for example "Love is a rose and you better not pick it." Much more interesting are analogies that involve the transfer of emotions, for example in empathy in which people understand the emotions of others by imagining their own emotional reactions (...)
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  25. Multiple Analogies in Science and Philosophy.Cameron Shelley - 2003
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  26.  45
    Analogy Counterarguments and the Acceptability of Analogical Hypotheses.Cameron Shelley - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (4):477-496.
    The logical empiricists held that an analogical hypothesis does not gain any acceptability from the analogy on which it is founded. On this view, the acceptability of a hypothesis cannot be discounted by criticizing the foundational analogy. Yet scientists commonly appear to level exactly this sort of criticism. If scientists are able to discount the acceptability of analogical hypotheses in this way, then the logical empiricist view is mistaken. I analyze four forms of analogy counterargument, disanalogy, misanalogy, counteranalogy, and false (...)
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  27.  57
    Aesthetics and the World at Large.James Shelley - 2007 - British Journal of Aesthetics 47 (2):169-183.
    l Carroll, that there is no reason to think that an aesthetic theory of art cannot do justice to art in its relation to the extra-artistic world. My argument depends on a reinterpretation of the aesthetic theory of Francis Hutcheson, according to which Hutcheson does not hold aesthetic perception to be non-epistemic, as Peter Kivy has maintained.
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  28. University-Industry Relationships in Biotechnology: Convergence and Divergence in Goals and Expectations.William F. Woodman, Brian J. Reichel & Mack C. Shelley - forthcoming - Proceedings of the 1987 Iowa State University Agricultural Bioethics Symposium. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press.
     
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  29. Hume and the Nature of Taste.James R. Shelley - 1998 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56 (1):29-38.
  30.  29
    Critical Compatibilism.James Shelley - 2004 - In Matthew Kieran & Dominic McIver Lopes (eds.), Knowing Art: Essays in Epistemology and Aesthetics. Dordrecht, Netherlands: pp. 125-136.
    Isenbergian particularism is the view that we make no appeal to general principles in criticism. Sibleyan generalism is the view that we do make appeal to general reasons in criticism. I argue that Isenbergian particularism and Sibleyan generalism are compatible one with another. I refer to their conjunction as "critical compatibilism" and argue that we ought to accept it over its rivals: strong particularism (the view that we make appeal neither to general principles nor to general reasons in criticism) and (...)
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  31. Empiricism: Hutcheson and Hume.James Shelley - 2001 - In Berys Nigel Gaut & Dominic Lopes (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Aesthetics. Routledge.
  32.  21
    Book Review: Some Chose to Stay: Faith and Ethics in a Time of Plague. [REVIEW]John C. Shelley - 1998 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 52 (4):444-444.
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  33.  97
    Book Review: The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences. [REVIEW]Cameron Shelley - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (3):423-426.
  34.  22
    Analogical Reasoning with Animal Models in Biomedical Research.Cameron Shelley - 2006 - In L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Engineering. College Publications. pp. 203--213.
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  35.  35
    Analogy Counterarguments: A Taxonomy for Critical Thinking. [REVIEW]Cameron Shelley - 2004 - Argumentation 18 (2):223-238.
    The presentation of analogical arguments in the critical thinking literature fails to reflect cognitive research on analogy. Part of the problem is that these treatments of analogy do not address counterarguments, an important aspect of the analysis of analogical argumentation. In this paper, I present a taxonomy of four counterarguments, false analogy, misanalogy, disanalogy, and counteranalogy, analyzed along two dimensions, orientation and effect. The counterarguments are treated in the framework of the multiconstraint theory of analogy (Holyoak and Thagard, 1995). This (...)
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  36.  25
    The Bicoherence Theory of Situational Irony.Cameron Shelley - 2001 - Cognitive Science 25 (5):775-818.
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  37.  34
    Preadaptation and the Explanation of Human Evolution.Cameron Shelley - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (1):65-82.
    The concept of preadaptation, though useful, continues to trouble evolutionary scientists. Usually, it is treated as if it were really adaptation, prompting such diverse theorists as Gould and Vrba, and Dennett to suggest its removal from evolutionary theory altogether. In this paper, I argue that the as-if sense is ill-founded, and that the sense of preadaptation as a process may be defended as unequivocal and generally useful in evolutionary explanations, even in such problem areas as human evolution.
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  38.  55
    The Character and Role of Principles in the Evaluation of Art.James Shelley - 2002 - British Journal of Aesthetics 42 (1):37-51.
    , George Dickie offers an account of artistic principles comprising both a description of their character and a description of the role they play in the evaluation of artworks. According to the former, artistic principles state that certain individual properties of artworks, in isolation from other properties, are always artistic merits; according to the latter, artistic principles serve as premises from which we infer that artworks have artistic merit. I argue not merely that Dickie 's account fails, but that any (...)
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  39.  44
    Multiple Analogies in Archaeology.Cameron Shelley - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (4):579-605.
    Analogies have always had an important place in the reconstruction of past cultures by archaeologists. However, archaeologists and philosophers have objected on various grounds to the importance granted to analogy. Heider proposed the use of multiple analogies--analogies incorporating several sources--as a way of overcoming these objections. However, the merits and even the meaning of this proposal have not been explored adequately. This article presents an examination of instances of multiple analogies in the archaeological literature in order to motivate an adequate (...)
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  40.  36
    When True Judges Differ: Reply to Durà‐Vilà.James Shelley - 2015 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 73 (3):345-348.
    I defend my reading of Hume's "Of the Standard of Taste" against objections raised by Victor Durà‐Vilà. Two points are central to my defense. One is that Hume takes the joint verdict of true judges to indicate, rather than constitute, the standard of beauty. Two is that Hume requires a joint verdict because individual verdicts need not be expressive of human nature.
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  41.  9
    My Monster/My SelfFrankenstein: Or, the Modern PrometheusMy Mother/My SelfThe Mermaid and the Minotaur.Barbara Johnson, Mary Shelley, Nancy Friday & Dorothy Dinnerstein - 1982 - Diacritics 12 (2):2.
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  42.  43
    On the Impermissibility of Telling Misleading Truths in Kantian Ethics.Cameron Shelley - 2012 - Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):89-91.
    Sandel (2009) has recently revisited the issue of the moral permissibility of telling misleading truths in a Kantian ethical framework. His defense of its permissibility relies on assimilating it to simple truth telling, and discounting its relationship with simple lying. This article presents a refutation of Sandel’s case. It is argued that comparison of misleading truths with telling truths or lies is inconclusive. Instead, comparison with telling of leading truths is appropriate. With this comparison in view, it is clear that (...)
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  43.  34
    Rule and Verdict.James Shelley - 1995 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 53 (3):319-320.
    I defend my reading of Hume's "Of the Standard of Taste" from objections raised by Jeffrey Wieand. I argue that Wieand doesn't take seriously enough Hume's claim that beauty is not a quality of objects, and that taking this claim seriously requires regarding Hume's true judges as ideal.
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  44.  73
    Hume's Principles of Taste: A Reply to Dickie.James Shelley - 2004 - British Journal of Aesthetics 44 (1):84-89.
    George Dickie argues that Hume's principles of taste have value-laden properties as their subjects, including those properties we now refer to as ‘aesthetic’. I counter that Hume's principles have value-neutral properties as their subjects, and so exclude those properties we now refer to as ‘aesthetic’. Dickie also argues that Hume's essay on taste provides ‘the conceptual means for recognizing the problem of the interaction of aesthetic properties with other properties of artworks’. I counter that the very passages Dickie takes to (...)
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  45.  11
    The First Inconvenience of Anthropomorphism: The Disanalogy in Part IV of Hume's Dialogues.Cameron Shelley - 2002 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 19 (2):171-189.
  46. Peter Kivy, Philosophies of Arts: An Essay in Differences.J. R. Shelley - 1998 - Philosophy in Review 18:188-189.
     
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  47.  5
    Economic Development and Biotechnology: Public Policy Response to the Farm Crisis in Iowa.Brian J. Reichel, Paul Lasley, William F. Woodman & Mack C. Shelley - 1988 - Agriculture and Human Values 5 (3):15-25.
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  48.  37
    Notes on Ostrogorski's Paradox.Fred M. Shelley - 1994 - Theory and Decision 17 (3):267-273.
  49.  46
    Epistemic Coherence.Paul Thagard, Chris Eliasmith, Paul Rusnock & Cameron Shelley - 2002 - In R. Elio (ed.), Common sense, reasoning, and rationality. Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science (Vol. 11). Oxford University Press. pp. 104-131.
    Many contemporary philosophers favor coherence theories of knowledge (Bender 1989, BonJour 1985, Davidson 1986, Harman 1986, Lehrer 1990). But the nature of coherence is usually left vague, with no method provided for determining whether a belief should be accepted or rejected on the basis of its coherence or incoherence with other beliefs. Haack's (1993) explication of coherence relies largely on an analogy between epistemic justification and crossword puzzles. We show in this paper how epistemic coherence can be understood in terms (...)
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  50. Introduction to Christian Ethics.Friedrich Schleiermacher & John Shelley - 1989
     
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