Results for 'Shimon Elkabetz'

159 found
Order:
  1.  2
    The Bidirectional Influence of Emotion Expressions and Context: Emotion Expressions, Situational Information and Real-World Knowledge Combine to Inform Observers’ Judgments of Both the Emotion Expressions and the Situation.Ursula Hess, Jonas Dietrich, Konstantinos Kafetsios, Shimon Elkabetz & Shlomo Hareli - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion:1-14.
    ABSTRACTWe proposed and tested the notion of a bidirectional influence of emotion expressions and context. In two studies, we found that the expressions shown by supporters and o...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Unmasked & Anonymous: Shimon & Lindemann Consider Portraiture.John Shimon, Julie Lindemann & Lisa Hostetler - 2008 - Milwaukee Art Museum.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  7
    Breakthrough International Negotiation, Michael Watkins and Susan Rosegrant, with a Foreword by Shimon Peres , 346 Pp., $40 Cloth. [REVIEW]Colette Mazzucelli - 2002 - Ethics and International Affairs 16 (1):160-161.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  5
    The Mourning Play of Shimon Attie.Peter Muir - 2007 - Journal for Cultural Research 11 (4):305-318.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  4
    The Musā-Nāma of R. Shimʿon ḤakhamThe Musa-Nama of R. Shimon Hakham.Amnon Netzer & Herbert H. Paper - 1989 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 109 (2):311.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  3
    Shimon Malin. Nature Loves to Hide: Quantum Physics and the Nature of Reality: A Western Perspective. Xvi + 288 Pp., Illus., Figs., Apps., Bibl., Index. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. $27.50. [REVIEW]Steen Brock - 2004 - Isis 95 (2):335-336.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  3
    A Community Should Be Present as He Prays so That He Can Bind Himself with Their Soul.Moshe Goultschin - 2018 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 26 (1):34-66.
    _ Source: _Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 34 - 66 During his final years, R. Nahman of Bratslav endeavored to find a solution for the paradox of unrealized messiahs. His solution was outlined in his dream about birds in December 1806, on the Sabbath of _Parashat Va-yeḥi_. This dream was influenced by his reading of a story told in the _Zohar, Parashat Va-yeḥi_, of a “vision of birds” of R. Yehudah, a disciple of R. Shimon bar Yohai, that exemplifies (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  23
    Nature Loves to Hide: Quantum Physics and Reality, a Western Perspective.Shimon Malin - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    The strangeness of modern physics has sparked several popular books--such as The Tao of Physics--that explore its affinity with Eastern mysticism. But the founders of quantum mechanics were educated in the classical traditions of Western civilization and Western philosophy. In Nature Loves to Hide, physicist Shimon Malin takes readers on a fascinating tour of quantum theory--one that turns to Western philosophical thought to clarify this strange yet inescapable explanation of reality. Malin translates quantum mechanics into plain English, explaining its (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  24
    The Rise and Fall of the Jewish Messianic Left.Israel Idalovichi - 2007 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 6 (17):21-33.
    This article examines some of the epis- temological and socio-political issues that have emerged in the context of reflecting on the relationship between the Israeli left and messianic ideology. The old messianic vision finds its materialization in the revolutionary idea of establishing a new order, an order that includes all Jewish political, social, economic and religious spheres of life. The Israeli left tried to deal with and create coalitions with Jewish messianism even though its leaders pretended to be committed to (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  21
    Visual Routines.Shimon Ullman - 1984 - Cognition 18 (1-3):97-159.
  11. Computing the Mind: How the Mind Really Works.Shimon Edelman - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    The account that Edelman gives in this book is accessible, yet unified and rigorous, and the big picture he presents is supported by evidence ranging from ...
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  12.  86
    General Cognitive Principles for Learning Structure in Time and Space.Michael H. Goldstein, Heidi R. Waterfall, Arnon Lotem, Joseph Y. Halpern, Jennifer A. Schwade, Luca Onnis & Shimon Edelman - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (6):249-258.
  13.  27
    The Case of Samuel Golubchuk and the Right to Live.Alan Jotkowitz, Shimon Glick & Ari Z. Zivotofsky - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (3):50-53.
    Samuel Golubchuk was unwittingly at the center of a medical controversy with important ethical ramifications. Mr. Golubchuk, an 84-year-old patient whose precise neurological level of function was open to debate, was being artificially ventilated and fed by a gastrostomy tube prior to his death. According to all reports he was neither brain dead nor in a vegetative state. The physicians directly responsible for his care had requested that they be allowed to remove the patient from life support against the wishes (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  14.  27
    Learn Locally, Act Globally: Learning Language From Variation Set Cues.Luca Onnis, Heidi R. Waterfall & Shimon Edelman - 2008 - Cognition 109 (3):423.
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  15.  70
    Representation, Similarity, and the Chorus of Prototypes.Shimon Edelman - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (1):45-68.
    It is proposed to conceive of representation as an emergent phenomenon that is supervenient on patterns of activity of coarsely tuned and highly redundant feature detectors. The computational underpinnings of the outlined concept of representation are (1) the properties of collections of overlapping graded receptive fields, as in the biological perceptual systems that exhibit hyperacuity-level performance, and (2) the sufficiency of a set of proximal distances between stimulus representations for the recovery of the corresponding distal contrasts between stimuli, as in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   38 citations  
  16.  12
    Aligning Pictorial Descriptions: An Approach to Object Recognition.Shimon Ullman - 1989 - Cognition 32 (3):193-254.
  17. Representation is Representation of Similarities.Shimon Edelman - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):449-467.
    Intelligent systems are faced with the problem of securing a principled (ideally, veridical) relationship between the world and its internal representation. I propose a unified approach to visual representation, addressing both the needs of superordinate and basic-level categorization and of identification of specific instances of familiar categories. According to the proposed theory, a shape is represented by its similarity to a number of reference shapes, measured in a high-dimensional space of elementary features. This amounts to embedding the stimulus in a (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  18.  67
    Object Recognition and Segmentation by a Fragment-Based Hierarchy.Shimon Ullman - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):58-64.
  19.  46
    On the Nature of Minds, Or: Truth and Consequences.Shimon Edelman - 2008 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Ai 20:181-196.
    Are minds really dynamical or are they really symbolic? Because minds are bundles of computations, and because computation is always a matter of interpretation of one system by another, minds are necessarily symbolic. Because minds, along with everything else in the universe, are physical, and insofar as the laws of physics are dynamical, minds are necessarily dynamical systems. Thus, the short answer to the opening question is “yes.” It makes sense to ask further whether some of the computations that constitute (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  20.  5
    We Reject the “‘‘Equivalence Thesis”.Alan Jotkowitz & Shimon Glick - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):53-54.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  81
    Learning a Generative Probabilistic Grammar of Experience: A Process‐Level Model of Language Acquisition.Oren Kolodny, Arnon Lotem & Shimon Edelman - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (4):227-267.
    We introduce a set of biologically and computationally motivated design choices for modeling the learning of language, or of other types of sequential, hierarchically structured experience and behavior, and describe an implemented system that conforms to these choices and is capable of unsupervised learning from raw natural-language corpora. Given a stream of linguistic input, our model incrementally learns a grammar that captures its statistical patterns, which can then be used to parse or generate new data. The grammar constructed in this (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  22. System, Subsystem, Hive: Boundary Problems in Computational Theories of Consciousness.Tomer Fekete, Cees van Leeuwen & Shimon Edelman - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    A computational theory of consciousness should include a quantitative measure of consciousness, or MoC, that (i) would reveal to what extent a given system is conscious, (ii) would make it possible to compare not only different systems, but also the same system at different times, and (iii) would be graded, because so is consciousness. However, unless its design is properly constrained, such an MoC gives rise to what we call the boundary problem: an MoC that labels a system as conscious (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23.  60
    Towards a Computational Theory of Experience.Tomer Fekete & Shimon Edelman - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):807-827.
    A standing challenge for the science of mind is to account for the datum that every mind faces in the most immediate – that is, unmediated – fashion: its phenomenal experience. The complementary tasks of explaining what it means for a system to give rise to experience and what constitutes the content of experience (qualia) in computational terms are particularly challenging, given the multiple realizability of computation. In this paper, we identify a set of conditions that a computational theory must (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  24.  17
    Universality, Complexity and the Praxis of Biology: Two Case Studies.Erez Braun & Shimon Marom - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 53:68-72.
  25.  13
    A.I. Systems and Human Cognition: The Missing Link.Shimon Ullman - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):117-119.
  26.  12
    Mental Representations and Mental Experiences [G].Shimon Ullman - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (4):605-606.
  27.  8
    ‘There is No Concern of Prohibition Against Their Trade’: A Responsum by Rashbatz on the Trade in Monkeys Practiced by Algerian Jews in the Middle Ages.Abraham O. Shemesh - 2018 - Hts Theological Studies 74 (1):1-8.
    The current study deals with the responsum of R. Shimon ben Zemah Duran, a Jewish halakhic adjudicator, on the trade in monkeys practiced by Algerian Jews in the middle ages. The basis of the discussion concerning the monkey trade is an ancient prohibition of the Mishna's sages against trading in non-kosher animals. The current study clarifies the halakhic, historical and zoological circumstances underlying the missive sent to Rashbatz. In fact, R. Shimon ben Zemah Duran permitted trading in monkeys. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28.  53
    Constraining the Neural Representation of the Visual World.Shimon Edelman - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (3):125-131.
  29.  15
    Prioritarianism: A (Pluralist) Defence.Shai Shimon Yehuda Agmon & Matt Hitchens - 2019 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 15 (1).
    A well-known objection to prioritarianism, famously levelled by Mike Otsuka and Alex Voorhoeve, is that it wrongly ignores the unity of the individual in treating intra-personal cases like inter-personal cases. In this paper we accept that there should be a moral shift between these cases, but argue that this is because autonomy is a relevant consideration in intra-personal but not inter-personal cases, and one to which pluralist prioritarians ought to attend. To avoid this response, Otsuka and Voorhoeve must assume we (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  39
    Towards Structural Systematicity in Distributed, Statically Bound Visual Representations.Shimon Edelman & Nathan Intrator - 2003 - Cognitive Science 23 (1):73-110.
    The problem of representing the spatial structure of images, which arises in visual object processing, is commonly described using terminology borrowed from propositional theories of cognition, notably, the concept of compositionality. The classical propositional stance mandates representations composed of symbols, which stand for atomic or composite entities and enter into arbitrarily nested relationships. We argue that the main desiderata of a representational system — productivity and systematicity — can (indeed, for a number of reasons, should) be achieved without recourse to (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  31.  48
    Bridging Computational, Formal and Psycholinguistic Approaches to Language.Shimon Edelman - unknown
    We compare our model of unsupervised learning of linguistic structures, ADIOS [1, 2, 3], to some recent work in computational linguistics and in grammar theory. Our approach resembles the Construction Grammar in its general philosophy (e.g., in its reliance on structural generalizations rather than on syntax projected by the lexicon, as in the current generative theories), and the Tree Adjoining Grammar in its computational characteristics (e.g., in its apparent affinity with Mildly Context Sensitive Languages). The representations learned by our algorithm (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  32.  37
    Generalization to Novel Images in Upright and Inverted Faces.Shimon Edelman - unknown
    An image of a face depends not only on its shape, but also on the viewpoint, illumination conditions, and facial expression. A face recognition system must overcome the changes in face appearance induced by these factors. This paper investigate two related questions: the capacity of the human visual system to generalize the recognition of faces to novel images, and the level at which this generalization occurs. We approach this problems by comparing the identi cation and generalization capacity for upright and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  33.  56
    How Seriously Should We Take Minimalist Syntax?Shimon Edelman & Morten H. Christiansen - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):60-61.
  34.  54
    How Seriously Should We Take Minimalist Syntax?Shimon Edelman - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):60-61.
    Lasnik’s review of the Minimalist program in syntax [1] offers cognitive scientists help in navigating some of the arcana of the current theoretical thinking in transformational generative grammar. One may observe, however, that this journey is more like a taxi ride gone bad than a free tour: it is the driver who decides on the itinerary, and questioning his choice may get you kicked out. Meanwhile, the meter in the cab of the generative theory of grammar is running, and has (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  35.  26
    Neuronal Correlates of “Free Will” Are Associated with Regional Specialization in the Human Intrinsic/Default Network.Ilan Goldberg, Shimon Ullman & Rafael Malach - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):587-601.
    Recently, we proposed a fundamental subdivision of the human cortex into two complementary networks—an “extrinsic” one which deals with the external environment, and an “intrinsic” one which largely overlaps with the “default mode” system, and deals with internally oriented and endogenous mental processes. Here we tested this hypothesis by contrasting decision making under external and internally-derived conditions. Subjects were presented with an external cue, and were required to either follow an external instruction or to ignore it and follow a voluntary (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  36.  4
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Parenting, and Marital Adjustment Among a Civilian Population.Michal Hershkowitz, Rachel Dekel, Shimon Fridkin & Sara Freedman - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  16
    Being Clean and Acting Dirty: The Paradoxical Effect of Self-Cleansing.Thalma E. Lobel, Allon Cohen, Lior Kalay Shahin, Shimon Malov, Yaniv Golan & Shani Busnach - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (4):307-313.
    In two studies we investigated the association between physical cleansing and moral and immoral behavior in real-life situations. In Study 1, after a workout at the gym, participants cheated more after taking a shower than before taking one. In the second study, participants donated more money to charity before rather than after they bathed for religious purification. The results extend previous findings about moral cleansing and moral licensing and are discussed within the framework of conceptual metaphor theory.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38. Computational Theories of Object Recognition.Shimon Edelman - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (8):296-304.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  39.  9
    Juvenile Zebra Finches Learn the Underlying Structural Regularities of Their Fathers’ Song.Otília Menyhart, Oren Kolodny, Michael H. Goldstein, Timothy J. DeVoogd & Shimon Edelman - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40.  40
    Unsupervised Learning of Visual Structure.Shimon Edelman - unknown
    To learn a visual code in an unsupervised manner, one may attempt to capture those features of the stimulus set that would contribute significantly to a statistically efficient representation. Paradoxically, all the candidate features in this approach need to be known before statistics over them can be computed. This paradox may be circumvented by confining the repertoire of candidate features to actual scene fragments, which resemble the “what+where” receptive fields found in the ventral visual stream in primates. We describe a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  41.  36
    Unsupervised Efficient Learning and Representation of Language Structure.Shimon Edelman - unknown
    We describe a linguistic pattern acquisition algorithm that learns, in an unsupervised fashion, a streamlined representation of corpus data. This is achieved by compactly coding recursively structured constituent patterns, and by placing strings that have an identical backbone and similar context structure into the same equivalence class. The resulting representations constitute an efficient encoding of linguistic knowledge and support systematic generalization to unseen sentences.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  42.  33
    Characterizing Motherese: On the Computational Structure of Child-Directed Language.Shimon Edelman - unknown
    We report a quantitative analysis of the cross-utterance coordination observed in child-directed language, where successive utterances often overlap in a manner that makes their constituent structure more prominent, and describe the application of a recently published unsupervised algorithm for grammar induction to the largest available corpus of such language, producing a grammar capable of accepting and generating novel wellformed sentences. We also introduce a new corpus-based method for assessing the precision and recall of an automatically acquired generative grammar without recourse (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  43.  12
    Three-Dimensional Object Recognition Based on the Combination of Views.Shimon Ullman - 1998 - Cognition 67 (1-2):21-44.
  44.  29
    Unsupervised Context Sensitive Language Acquisition From a Large Corpus.Shimon Edelman - unknown
    We describe a pattern acquisition algorithm that learns, in an unsupervised fashion, a streamlined representation of linguistic structures from a plain natural-language corpus. This paper addresses the issues of learning structured knowledge from a large-scale natural language data set, and of generalization to unseen text. The implemented algorithm represents sentences as paths on a graph whose vertices are words. Significant patterns, determined by recursive context-sensitive statistical inference, form new vertices. Linguistic constructions are represented by trees composed of significant patterns and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  45.  28
    The (Lack of) Mental Life of Some Machines.Tomer Fekete & Shimon Edelman - 2012 - In Shimon Edelman, Tomer Fekete & Neta Zach (eds.), Being in Time: Dynamical Models of Phenomenal Experience. John Benjamins.. pp. 88--95.
    The proponents of machine consciousness predicate the mental life of a machine, if any, exclusively on its formal, organizational structure, rather than on its physical composition. Given that matter is organized on a range of levels in time and space, this generic stance must be further constrained by a principled choice of levels on which the posited structure is supposed to reside. Indeed, not only must the formal structure fit well the physical system that realizes it, but it must do (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  46.  5
    Response To: ‘Why Medical Professionals Have No Moral Claim to Conscientious Objection Accommodation in Liberal Democracies’ by Schuklenk and Smalling.Shimon M. Glick & Alan Jotkowitz - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (4):248-249.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47.  8
    The First Omitting Cardinal for Magidority.Shimon Garti & Yair Hayut - 2019 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 65 (1):95-104.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  18
    Refusal of Potentially Life-Saving Blood Transfusions by Jehovah's Witnesses: Should Doctors Explain That Not All JWs Think It's Religiously Required?R. Gillon - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):299-301.
    In this issue of the journal “Lee Elder”,1 a pseudonymous dissident Jehovah's Witness , previously an Elder of that faith and still a JW, joins the indefatigable Dr Muramoto2–5 in arguing that even by their own religious beliefs based on biblical scriptures JWs are not required to refuse potentially life-saving blood transfusions. Just as the “official” JW hierarchy has accepted that biblical scriptures do not forbid the transfusion or injection of blood fractions so too JW theology logically can and should (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  49.  3
    Recommendations for Promoting International Multi‐Site Clinical Trials—From a Viewpoint of Ethics Review.Haruka Nakada, Suzanne Hasthorpe, Carel IJsselmuiden, Francis Kombe, Marieme Ba, Mihaela Matei, Kenichi Nakamura, Nobuko Ushirozawa, Yasuhiro Fujiwara & Shimon Tashiro - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  20
    A Productive, Systematic Framework for the Representation of Visual Structure.Shimon Edelman - unknown
    We describe a unified framework for the understanding of structure representation in primate vision. A model derived from this framework is shown to be effectively systematic in that it has the ability to interpret and associate together objects that are related through a rearrangement of common “middle-scale” parts, represented as image fragments. The model addresses the same concerns as previous work on compositional representation through the use of what+where receptive fields and attentional gain modulation. It does not require prior exposure (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
1 — 50 / 159