Results for 'Shira Kritchman'

81 found
Order:
  1.  16
    Access for the Terminally Ill to Experimental Medical Innovations: A Three-Pronged Threat.Shira Bender, Lauren Flicker & Rosamond Rhodes - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):3 – 6.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  2. Subtracting “Ought” From “Is”: Descriptivism Versus Normativism in the Study of Human Thinking.Shira Elqayam & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):251-252.
    We propose a critique of normativism, defined as the idea that human thinking reflects a normative system against which it should be measured and judged. We analyze the methodological problems associated with normativism, proposing that it invites the controversial “is-ought” inference, much contested in the philosophical literature. This problem is triggered when there are competing normative accounts (the arbitration problem), as empirical evidence can help arbitrate between descriptive theories, but not between normative systems. Drawing on linguistics as a model, we (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   66 citations  
  3.  23
    Learning General Phonological Rules From Distributional Information: A Computational Model.Shira Calamaro & Gaja Jarosz - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (3):647-666.
    Phonological rules create alternations in the phonetic realizations of related words. These rules must be learned by infants in order to identify the phonological inventory, the morphological structure, and the lexicon of a language. Recent work proposes a computational model for the learning of one kind of phonological alternation, allophony . This paper extends the model to account for learning of a broader set of phonological alternations and the formalization of these alternations as general rules. In Experiment 1, we apply (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  4.  10
    Structural and Interpersonal Benefits and Risks of Participation in HIV Research: Perspectives of Female Sex Workers in Guatemala.Shira M. Goldenberg, Monica Rivera Mindt, Teresita Rocha Jimenez, Kimberly Brouwer, Sonia Morales Miranda & Celia B. Fisher - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (2):97-114.
    This study explored perceived benefits and risks of participation in HIV research among 33 female sex workers in Tecún Umán, Guatemala. Stigma associated with sex work and HIV was a critical barrier to research participation. Key benefits of participation included access to HIV/sti prevention and testing, as well as positive and trusting relationships between sex workers and research teams. Control exerted by managers had mixed influences on perceived research risks and benefits. Results underscore the critical need for HIV investigators to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  5.  19
    Subtracting “Ought” From “Is”: Descriptivism Versus Normativism in the Study of Human Thinking.Shira Elqayam & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):233-248.
    We propose a critique ofnormativism, defined as the idea that human thinking reflects a normative system against which it should be measured and judged. We analyze the methodological problems associated with normativism, proposing that it invites the controversial “is-ought” inference, much contested in the philosophical literature. This problem is triggered when there are competing normative accounts, as empirical evidence can help arbitrate between descriptive theories, but not between normative systems. Drawing on linguistics as a model, we propose that a clear (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   59 citations  
  6. Moral Decision-Making in Real Life: Factors Affecting Moral Orientation and Behaviour Justification.Shira Haviv & Patrick J. Leman - 2002 - Journal of Moral Education 31 (2):121-140.
    The study addresses two separate but related issues in connection with people's real-life moral decisions and judgements. First, the notion of moral orientation is examined in terms of its consistency across varying contexts, its relation to gender and to gender role. Secondly, a new aspect of moral reasoning is explored--the influence on moral decision-making of considering the consequences of an action. Fifty-eight undergraduate students were asked to discuss two personal and two impersonal real-life moral dilemmas. The results reveal a significant (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  7.  2
    The Impact of Information Structure on the Emergence of Differential Object Marking: An Experimental Study.Shira Tal, Kenny Smith, Jennifer Culbertson, Eitan Grossman & Inbal Arnon - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (3):e13119.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 3, March 2022.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8.  33
    New Paradigm Psychology of Reasoning: An Introduction to the Special Issue Edited by Elqayam, Bonnefon, and Over.Shira Elqayam & David E. Over - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):249-265.
  9.  2
    How Associative Thinking Influences Scene Perception.Shira Baror, Moshe Bar & Elissa Aminoff - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 103:103377.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  1
    Redundancy Can Benefit Learning: Evidence From Word Order and Case Marking.Shira Tal & Inbal Arnon - 2022 - Cognition 224:105055.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11.  67
    Grounded Rationality: Descriptivism in Epistemic Context.Shira Elqayam - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):39-49.
    Normativism, the approach that judges human rationality by comparison against normative standards, has recently come under intensive criticism as unsuitable for psychological enquiry, and it has been suggested that it should be replaced with a descriptivist paradigm. My goal in this paper is to outline and defend a meta-theoretical framework of such a paradigm, grounded rationality, based on the related principles of descriptivism and (moderate) epistemic relativism. Bounded rationality takes into account universal biological and cognitive limitations on human rationality. Grounded (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  12. If Music Be the Food of Love, Play On: Four Ways That Music May Lead to Social Connection.Shira Gabriel & Elaine Paravati - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    The hypothesis that music is well suited to facilitate social bonding is highly consistent with social psychological research on the need to belong. We explore how music is uniquely placed to increase feelings of connections to large collectives by increasing collective effervescence, providing narratives, reminding one of others, and providing social surrogates.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Ready Player Two: Women Gamers and Designed Identity.Shira Chess - 2017
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  37
    Rationality in the New Paradigm: Strict Versus Soft Bayesian Approaches.Shira Elqayam & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):453-470.
  15. Signs and Portents: No Parking in the Courtroom.Shira Leibowitz & Roald Hoffmann - 1991 - Diacritics 21 (1):2-23.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  2
    Free Time and Emotional Well-Being: Do Dual-Earner Mothers and Fathers Differ?Shira Offer - 2016 - Gender and Society 30 (2):213-239.
    Previous research suggests that there are important gender disparities in the experience of leisure, but the issue of how mothers and fathers experience free time emotionally remains overlooked. The present study addressed this lacuna using the Experience Sampling Method and survey data from the 500 Family Study. Results showed that mothers and fathers spent the same amount of time on leisure activities. However, mothers had slightly less pure free time than fathers and were more likely to combine leisure with unpaid (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  17.  31
    Conditionals and Inferential Connections: Toward a New Semantics.Igor Douven, Shira Elqayam, Henrik Singmann & Janneke van Wijnbergen-Huitink - 2020 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (3):311-351.
    In previous published research, we investigated experimentally what role the presence and...
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  18.  44
    Probabilities, Beliefs, and Dual Processing: The Paradigm Shift in the Psychology of Reasoning.Shira Elqayam & David Over - 2012 - Mind and Society 11 (1):27-40.
    In recent years, the psychology of reasoning has been undergoing a paradigm shift, with general Bayesian, probabilistic approaches replacing the older, much more restricted binary logic paradigm. At the same time, dual processing theories have been gaining influence. We argue that these developments should be integrated and moreover that such integration is already underway. The new reasoning paradigm should be grounded in dual processing for its algorithmic level of analysis just as it uses Bayesian theory for its computational level of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  19.  3
    Overarching States of Mind.Noa Herz, Shira Baror & Moshe Bar - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (3):184-199.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  20.  2
    Ethical Ambiguity in the Hebrew Bible : Philosophical Analysis of Scriptural Narrative.Shira Weiss - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Shira Weiss elucidates the moral tradition of the Hebrew Bible by subjecting ethically challenging biblical texts to moral philosophical analysis. Examining the most essential questions of Jewish Thought, she uses contemporary philosophy to decipher Scriptural ethics as uncovered from a variety of biblical stories. Aided by ancient, medieval, and contemporary resources, Weiss presents a comprehensive discussion of enduring ethical questions that arise from biblical narrative and continue to be contested in modern times. She shows how such (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  26
    Rational Decision Making in Medicine: Implications for Overuse and Underuse.Benjamin Djulbegovic, Shira Elqayam & William Dale - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (3):655-665.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  22.  12
    Many Faces of Rationality: Implications of the Great Rationality Debate for Clinical Decision‐Making.Benjamin Djulbegovic & Shira Elqayam - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):915-922.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  23.  16
    Alfred Wallace’s Baby Orangutan: Game, Pet, Specimen.Shira Shmuely - 2020 - Journal of the History of Biology 53 (3):321-343.
    Alfred Russell Wallace’s The Malay Archipelago, published in 1869, is a classic text in natural history and the theory of evolution. Amidst heroic hunting narratives and picturesque descriptions of local fauna and flora, stands out a curious episode in which Wallace describes adopting a baby orangutan, whose mother he had killed. Wallace, a British naturalist and collector, cultivated an affectionate relationship with the orphaned orangutan, often referring to her as his “baby.” This paper examines how the orangutan was transformed from (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  41
    The Collapse Illusion Effect: A Semantic-Pragmatic Illusion of Truth and Paradox.Shira Elqayam - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (2):144 – 180.
    Two Experiments demonstrate the existence of a “collapse illusion”, in which reasoners evaluate Truthteller-type propositions (“I am telling the truth”) as if they were simply true, whereas Liar-type propositions (“I am lying”) tend to be evaluated as neither true nor false. The second Experiment also demonstrates an individual differences pattern, in which shallow reasoners are more susceptible to the illusion. The collapse illusion is congruent with philosophical semantic truth theories such as Kripke's (1975), and with hypothetical thinking theory's principle of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  25.  63
    When Sex Became Gender.Shira Tarrant - 2006 - Routledge.
    This book is a study of post World War II feminist theory from the viewpoint of intellectual history. The key theme is that the social construction of gender has its origins in the feminist theorists of this period. This paradigm is a key foundational element to both second and third wave feminist thought. It will focus on the five key scholars of the period: Komarovsky, de Beauvoir, Mead, Klein and Herschberger. This has been a somewhat overlooked period in the development (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Conditionals and Inferential Connections: A Hypothetical Inferential Theory.Igor Douven, Shira Elqayam, Henrik Singmann & Janneke van Wijngaarden-Huitink - 2018 - Cognitive Psychology 101:50-81.
  27.  17
    Editorial: From Is to Ought: The Place of Normative Models in the Study of Human Thought.Shira Elqayam & David E. Over - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  28.  59
    The Probability of Iterated Conditionals.Janneke Wijnbergen‐Huitink, Shira Elqayam & David E. Over - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (4):788-803.
    Iterated conditionals of the form If p, then if q, r are an important topic in philosophical logic. In recent years, psychologists have gained much knowledge about how people understand simple conditionals, but there are virtually no published psychological studies of iterated conditionals. This paper presents experimental evidence from a study comparing the iterated form, If p, then if q, r with the “imported,” noniterated form, If p and q, then r, using a probability evaluation task and a truth-table task, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  29. Children's Literature: A Reader's History From Aesop to Harry Potter (Review).Shira Wolosky Weiss - 2010 - Common Knowledge 16 (1):160.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  20
    The Ethics of Price Gouging.Shira Weiss - 2017 - Journal of Religious Ethics 45 (1):142-163.
    An analysis of the contemporary moral debate over price gouging can advance multiple readings of the challenging biblical episode which depicts Jacob's purchase of the birthright. Ethical considerations, such as the maximization of welfare, preservation of choice, and promotion of virtue are evaluated and then applied to the biblical text recounting the sale of Esau's birthright. Did Jacob act ethically in his purchase of ravenous Esau's birthright, or did he seize a propitious opportunity to exploit Esau's predicament? Is Esau responsible (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  26
    When Choices Are Not Personal: The Effect of Statistical and Social Cues on Children's Inferences About the Scope of Preferences.Gil Diesendruck, Shira Salzer, Tamar Kushnir & Fei Xu - 2015 - Journal of Cognition and Development 16 (2):370-380.
    Individual choices are commonly taken to manifest personal preferences. The present study investigated whether social and statistical cues influence young children's inferences about the generalizability of preferences. Preschoolers were exposed to either 1 or 2 demonstrators’ selections of objects. The selected objects constituted 18%, 50%, or 100% of all available objects. We found that children took a single demonstrator's choices as indicative only of his or her personal preference. However, when 2 demonstrators made the same selection, then children inferred that (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  32.  5
    Norm, Error, and the Structure of Rationality: The Case Study of the Knight-Knave Paradigm.Shira Elqayam - 2003 - Semiotica 2003 (147).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  33.  48
    Models of Dependence and Independence: A Two-Dimensional Architecture of Dual Processing.Shira Elqayam - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):377-387.
    This theoretical note proposes a two-dimensional cognitive architecture for dual-process theories of reasoning and decision making. Evans (2007b, 2008a, 2009) distinguishes between two types of dual-processing models: parallel-competitive , in which both types of processes operate in parallel, and default-interventionist , in which heuristic processes precede the analytic processes. I suggest that this temporal dimension should be enhanced with a functional distinction between interactionist architecture, in which either type of process influences the content and valence of the other, and independent (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  34. Comparison of Mental Health Outcomes of Augmenting Medications for Patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A National Veterans Affairs Study.Rachel Ranney, Shira Maguen, Anne Woods, Karen H. Seal, Thomas C. Neylan, Nancy Bernardy, Ilse Wiechers, Annie Ryder & Beth E. Cohen - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  23
    Would a Gentleman Belt a Lady? Chastity Belts (and Knots) in Marie de France's Guigemar.Shira Schwam-Baird - 1999 - Mediaevalia 22 (2):323-342.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Infidel.Shira Wolosky - 2008 - Common Knowledge 14 (1):171-171.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  6
    Coding Modality Vs. Input Modality in Hypermnesia: Is a Rose a Rose a Rose?Matthew Hugh Erdelyi, Shira Finkelstein, Nadeanne Herrel, Bruce Miller & Jane Thomas - 1976 - Cognition 4 (4):311-319.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  38.  54
    Mental Models, Model-Theoretic Semantics, and the Psychosemantic Conception of Truth.Shira Elqayam - 2005 - Philosophia Scientiae 9 (2):259-278.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  40
    The Jewish Annotated New Testament.Shira Wolosky - 2011 - Common Knowledge 19 (2):390-390.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  30
    The Jewish Annotated New Testament Ed. By Amy-Jill Levine and Marc Zvi Brettler (Review).Shira Wolosky - 2013 - Common Knowledge 19 (2):390-390.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  31
    Children's Literature: A Reader's History From Aesop to Harry Potter.Shira Wolosky - 2010 - Common Knowledge 16 (1):160-160.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  12
    Independent Voices, Social Insight, and Action: An Analysis of a Social Action Project.Shira Eve Epstein - 2013 - Journal of Social Studies Research 37 (3):123-136.
  43.  22
    Socrates and the Fat Rabbis.Shira Wolosky - 2011 - Common Knowledge 17 (1):195-196.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  24
    The Irresistible Fairy Tale: The Cultural and Social History of a Genre.Shira Wolosky - 2013 - Common Knowledge 19 (3):579-579.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  20
    Emily Dickinson: Reclusion Against Itself.Shira Wolosky - 2006 - Common Knowledge 12 (3):443-459.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  14
    Moral Finitude and the Ethics of Language: A New World Response to Gianni Vattimo.Shira Wolosky - 2003 - Common Knowledge 9 (3):406-423.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  8
    Implicit Motivation Improves Executive Functions of Older Adults.Shira Cohen-Zimerman & Ran R. Hassin - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 63:267-279.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  15
    Women's Bibles: Biblical Interpretation in Nineteenth-Century American Women's Poetry.Shira Wolosky - 2002 - Feminist Studies 28 (1):191-211.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  12
    Of More Than One Mind: Obstetrician-Gynecologists' Approaches to Morally Controversial Decisions in Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare.Farr A. Curlin, Shira N. Dinner & Stacy Tessler Lindau - 2008 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 19 (1):11.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  9
    Theodor Seuss Geisel: Lives and Legacies.Shira Wolosky - 2011 - Common Knowledge 17 (3):541-541.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 81